Superior, WI, United States
Superior, WI, United States

The University of Wisconsin–Superior is a public university located in Superior, Wisconsin. UW–Superior grants bachelor's, master's, and specialist's degrees. The university currently enrolls about 2,450 undergraduates and 150 graduate students. Wikipedia.

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News Article | October 28, 2016

A list of Wisconsin’s Best Online Colleges has been released by leading higher education and student resource site Collecting data on both two-year and four-year schools, the site scored and ranked colleges based on more than a dozen qualitative and quantitative metrics, with the following colleges receiving top marks: Viterbo University, University of Wisconsin Superior, University of Wisconsin Stout, Lakeland College and the University of Wisconsin Oshkosh for four-year schools; Lakeshore Technical College, Fox Valley Technical College, Moraine Park Technical College, Western Technical College and Gateway Technical College for two-year schools. "The number of people in Wisconsin with an associate degree or higher has steadily been increasing over the past two decades,” said Dan Schuessler, CEO and Founder of "As more and more people seek degrees they also seek more flexible learning options. The schools on this list are providing quality degree programs in an online format, giving more students the ability to access higher education.” In order to land a spot on the Best Online Colleges in Wisconsin list, requires schools to meet certain standards. All colleges must be regionally accredited and hold public or private not-for-profit status. Limits are also set on tuition costs to maintain affordability standards—only two-year schools offering in-state tuition under $5,000 annually were considered, while only four-year schools offering in-state tuition under $25,000 annually were considered. Scores and specific ranks for each school were also determined by a variety of factors most important to students, including graduation rates and financial aid offerings. The list below includes each school on the Best Online Colleges in Wisconsin ranking for 2016-2017. To learn more about specific rankings, data and methodology used to determine school scores visit the following link: The following schools are recognized as the Best Two-Year Online Colleges in Wisconsin for 2016-2017: The following schools are recognized as the Best Four-Year Online Colleges in Wisconsin for 2016-2017: Lakeland College Maranatha Baptist University Ottawa University-Milwaukee University of Wisconsin - Eau Claire University of Wisconsin - Green Bay University of Wisconsin - La Crosse University of Wisconsin - Madison University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee University of Wisconsin - Oshkosh University of Wisconsin - Parkside University of Wisconsin - Platteville University of Wisconsin - River Falls University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point University of Wisconsin - Stout University of Wisconsin - Superior University of Wisconsin - Whitewater Viterbo University began in 2011 to provide quality data and information about pursuing an affordable higher education. Our free community resource materials and tools span topics such as financial aid and college savings, opportunities for veterans and people with disabilities, and online learning resources. We feature higher education institutions that have developed online learning environments that include highly trained faculty, new technology and resources, and online support services to help students achieve educational and career success. We have been featured by nearly 1,100 postsecondary institutions and nearly 120 government organizations.

Danz N.P.,University of Wisconsin-Superior | Reich P.B.,University of Minnesota | Frelich L.E.,University of Minnesota | Niemi G.J.,University of Minnesota
Ecography | Year: 2011

Ecological boundaries are critical landscape regions of transition between adjacent ecological systems. While environmental controls of boundaries may operate in a scale-dependent manner, multiple-scale comparisons of vegetation-environment relationships have been characterized for few boundary systems. We used approximately 250000 point records on the occurrence of woody versus grassland vegetation in conjunction with climatic, topographical, and soils data to evaluate scale effects and spatial heterogeneity in a 650-km section of the historic prairie-forest biome boundary of Minnesota, USA. We chose this as a model system because of the availability of historical vegetation data, a considerable spatial extent, a sharp ecological transition, and the ability to avoid confounding from more recent anthropogenic land use change. We developed modeling techniques using hierarchical variance partitioning in a spatially-structured format that allowed us to simultaneously evaluate vegetation-environment relationships across two-dimensional space (i.e. the prairie-forest boundary) and across spatial scales (i.e. varying extents). Soils variables displayed the least spatial autocorrelation at shortest lag distances and tended to be the least important predictors of woody vegetation at all spatial extents. Topographical variables displayed greater spatial heterogeneity in regions dominated by forest compared with prairie and were more important at fine-intermediate spatial scales, highlighting their likely control on fire regimes. An integrated climatic variable (precipitation minus potential evapotranspiration) displayed a trend of increasing spatial variance across the study region and was unambiguously the strongest biome boundary control, although its joint influence with fire was difficult to characterize. Spatially heterogeneous vegetation-environment relationships were observed at all scales, especially at finer scales. Our results suggest that the importance of environmental controls changes smoothly rather than discretely across scales and demonstrate the need to account for spatial non-stationarity and scale to predict and understand vegetation distribution across ecological boundaries. © 2011 The Authors. Ecography © 2011 Ecography.

Cao M.,University of Wisconsin-Superior | Zhang Q.,Arkansas State University
International Journal of Production Economics | Year: 2010

In the past decades, firms have strived to achieve greater collaborative advantages with their supply chain partners. The objective of the study is to uncover the nature and characteristics of supply chain collaborative advantage from a focal firm's perspective. Collaborative advantage is defined as strategic benefits gained over competitors in the marketplace through supply chain partnering and partner enabled knowledge creation, and it relates to the desired synergistic outcome of collaborative activity that could not have been achieved by any firm acting alone. The research conceptualizes supply chain collaborative advantage as the five dimensions: process efficiency, offering flexibility, business synergy, quality, and innovation. Data were collected through a web survey of U.S. manufacturing firms in various industries. Reliable and valid instruments were developed through rigorous empirical analysis including structured interviews, Q-sort, and a large-scale study. Predictive validity is evaluated by demonstrating a strong and positive relationship between supply chain collaborative advantage and firm performance. The construct and measures in this study have provided a rich and structured understanding of collaborative advantage in a supply network. The results of the structural analysis indicate that supply chain collaborative advantage indeed has a bottom-line influence on firm performance. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.All rights reserved.

Cao M.,University of Wisconsin-Superior | Zhang Q.,Arkansas State University
Journal of Operations Management | Year: 2011

Facing uncertain environments, firms have strived to achieve greater supply chain collaboration to leverage the resources and knowledge of their suppliers and customers. The objective of the study is to uncover the nature of supply chain collaboration and explore its impact on firm performance based on a paradigm of collaborative advantage. Reliable and valid instruments of these constructs were developed through rigorous empirical analysis. Data were collected through a Web survey of U.S. manufacturing firms in various industries. The statistical methods used include confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation modeling (i.e., LISREL). The results indicate that supply chain collaboration improves collaborative advantage and indeed has a bottom-line influence on firm performance, and collaborative advantage is an intermediate variable that enables supply chain partners to achieve synergies and create superior performance. A further analysis of the moderation effect of firm size reveals that collaborative advantage completely mediates the relationship between supply chain collaboration and firm performance for small firms while it partially mediates the relationship for medium and large firms. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Rios Mendoza L.M.,University of Wisconsin-Superior | Jones P.R.,Pacific University in Oregon
Environmental Chemistry | Year: 2015

Environmental context Microplastics are a new source of toxic compounds in marine and freshwater environments. This research documents the discovery of microplastic fibres in the seawater column and the chemical analysis of associated toxic chemicals in microplastic marine debris. Microplastic pollution is pervasive and hazardous. Abstract Initial studies of floating plastic debris in the oceans dealt with macroscopic particles. This research found microscale plastic present as well. Chemical analysis of sorbed materials revealed toxic materials associated with the microparticles. Seawater and plastic fragment samples were collected in September 2007 in the North Pacific Central Gyre. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) were detected by mass spectrometry in extracts from the plastic fragments. Net concentrations of PCBs ranged from 1 to 223ngg-1 plastic. The most common synthetic polymers were found to be polypropylene and polyethylene. Microscopic plastic fibres and particles were also discovered in the seawater samples and examined by scanning electron microscopy. Analysis of filtered seawater samples also revealed toxic materials in concentrations lower than found on the plastic particles. © CSIRO 2015.

Breckenridge A.,University of Wisconsin-Superior
Quaternary Research (United States) | Year: 2013

This study establishes a detailed lake-level history for the Lake Superior basin by mapping strandlines from 10-m and 3-m digital elevation models. There are 24 levels above the mid-Holocene Nipissing level, and elevations increase along a direction of 23.1° due to post-glacial rebound. The highest level, the Epi-Duluth, is steeper than subsequent levels and may pre-date the Lake View ice advance into the western Lake Superior basin at the end of the Younger Dryas stade. The most prominent level is the Duluth, ca. 10,800. cal. yr. BP. Ice retreat exposed successively lower outlets, routing overflow to the Lake Michigan and Huron basins. By 10,600. cal. yr. BP, lake levels in the western Superior basin had dropped almost 200. m. This transformative period is complicated by multiple basin-wide events: the influx of glacial Lake Agassiz overflow, the creation of three sub-aqueous moraines, and a red to gray color transition in basin sediments. A later drawdown event has been hypothesized to have initiated the 9300. cal. yr. BP cooling event, but this flood was much smaller than estimated previously. If freshwater triggered the 9300. cal. yr. BP event, the source of the water must have been Lake Agassiz, not Lake Superior. © 2013 University of Washington.

Breckenridge A.,University of Wisconsin-Superior
Quaternary Science Reviews | Year: 2015

Reconstructions of glacial Lake Agassiz paleogeography and drainage have been an important contribution to formulating a hypothesis in which glacial Lake Agassiz drainage to the Atlantic Ocean initiated the Younger Dryas cold interval. This study evaluates the lake level and outlet history of Lake Agassiz as recorded by strandlines visible on lidar digital elevation models from North Dakota and Minnesota. The former lake levels are warped due to glacial isostatic adjustment. Older levels have experienced more uplift and therefore have more curvature. The strandline data establish that the Moorhead lowstand of Lake Agassiz was bracketed by the strongly diverging Campbell and Tintah lake levels, which creates a vertical gap between the former lake levels. This gap exists due to a lake level drop of ~90m when the Laurentide Ice Sheet retreat opened a lower outlet, which must have been a northwest outlet to the Arctic Ocean. By applying an exponential decay rebound model, this event dates to 12,180±480calyrBP, post-dating the beginning of the Younger Dryas at 12,900calyrBP. Eastern drainage outlets to the Atlantic Ocean through the Laurentian Great Lakes that were contemporaneous with the onset of the Younger Dryas cannot be ruled out, but if these outlets existed, their duration of occupation was short-lived and not characterized by significant drawdown events within glacial Lake Agassiz. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.

Gu X.,University of Wisconsin-Superior
European Journal of Combinatorics | Year: 2014

In 1985, Bollobás, Saito and Wormald characterized all triples (t, d, k) such that every t-edge-connected d-regular graph has a k-factor. An interesting research question is to ask when a t-edge-connected d-regular graph has a k-factor, if the triple (t, d, k) does not satisfy the characterization. The problem was solved by Niessen and Randerath in 1998 in terms of a condition involving the number of vertices of the graph.In this paper, we continue the investigation of the problem from a spectral perspective. We prove that, for a t-edge-connected d-regular graph G with (t, d, k) violating the characterization of Bollobás et al., if a certain eigenvalue, whichever depends on (t, d, k) , is not too large (also depends on (t, d, k) ), then G still has a k-factor. We also provide sufficient eigenvalue conditions for a t-edge-connected d-regular graph to be k-critical and factor-critical, respectively. Our results extend the characterization of Bollobás, Saito and Wormald, the results of Cioabǎ, Gregory and Haemers, the results of O and Cioabǎ, and the results of Lu. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.

Zuo D.,University of Wisconsin-Superior | Lane J.,University of Wisconsin-Superior | Culy D.,University of Wisconsin-Superior | Schultz M.,University of Wisconsin-Superior | And 2 more authors.
Applied Catalysis B: Environmental | Year: 2013

Sulfonic acid functionalized mesoporous SBA-15 catalysts have been studied in the microwave-assisted transesterification of soybean oil with 1-butanol in order to produce low freezing point biodiesel. Small-angle powder XRD and nitrogen adsorption analysis revealed the formation of mesoporous materials with high surface area and uniform porosity. Catalytic activity was found to be largely dependent on the acid strength rather than the number of acid sites. Propyl-SO3H and arene-SO3H functionalized SBA-15 catalysts showed high activity and stability in transesterification reactions whereas perfluoro-SO3H functionalized SBA-15 catalyst exhibited a complete loss of activity after recycling due to complete leaching of perfluoro-SO3H groups in the reaction medium. The results over arene-SO3H functionalized catalysts showed that the optimal loading of arene-SO3H groups is approximately 15% (molar percent of functional group to total silicon) and the optimal oil to alcohol molar ratio is 1:6. Increases in catalyst to oil weight ratio and reaction temperature significantly enhance the reaction rates. Simultaneous transesterification and esterification of soybean oil with up to 20 wt% oleic acid over arene-SO3H functionalized catalyst indicated that this catalyst could be a promising candidate for processing low quality feedstocks containing high fraction of free fatty acids. Further modification of Ar-SO3H SBA-15 catalyst with hydrophobic groups did not significantly improve its catalytic performance. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.

Agency: NSF | Branch: Continuing grant | Program: | Phase: GLOBAL CHANGE | Award Amount: 91.87K | Year: 2016

This project has two objectives. 1) Document the response of the former ice sheet that covered the North American mid-continent to rapid climate changes that occurred at the end of the last ice age. Such a record enhances our ability to predict the response of ice sheets to modern climate change. 2) Test the role of increased freshwater influx to the Atlantic Ocean as a possible trigger for these rapid climate changes, specifically the cold interval known as the Younger Dryas. Modern freshening in the North Atlantic and Arctic Oceans has raised concerns that global warming driven increases in glacier runoff could trigger climate cooling. To evaluate models that use this event to assess the future response of the Atlantic Ocean to predicted freshening, the connections (if any) between freshwater discharge and routing before and during the Younger Dryas need to be resolved.

The primary records that will be generated are varve thickness datasets from a large glacial lake, proximal to the former ice sheet. Glacial varves are yearly sediment couplets that appear similar to tree rings, and as such provide an annually resolvable record of how climate affected the ice sheet. The varves will be recovered by coring sediments from many lakes, spanning a broad region west of Lake Superior. By matching thickness patterns between all sites, a 5000+ year time series is anticipated. Working in collaboration with staff at Voyageurs National Park (Minnesota), this work will be showcased for the general public via a permanent indoor exhibit on varves as records of climate and environmental change.

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