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The University of Western Sydney is an Australian multi-campus university in the Greater Western region of Sydney. It is currently ranked in the top 400 in the world in the 2014QS World University Rankings.UWS has campuses in Greater Western Sydney - Parramatta, Richmond, Blacktown, Penrith , Bankstown, and Campbelltown. UWS is a provider of undergraduate, postgraduate and higher research degrees. In recent years UWS has opened a medical school. Wikipedia.

Crabtree L.,University of Western Sydney
Environment and Planning D: Society and Space | Year: 2013

The idea of property is a fundamental and foundational component of modern industrialised economies and yet, as a growing body of work shows, property is far from settled as a concept, or as a set series of relationships-whether between institutions, humans, places, and/or other species. Property systems are part of emergent, complex socioecological systems, reflecting and manifesting social and political phenomena, and asserting particular forms of citizen/self as acceptable, preferable and dominant. Predominant Western understandings of property rely on, enable, and anticipate increases in property value over time, reflecting particular conceptualisations and experiences of time shaped by Judeo-Christian teleological narratives in which time moves towards a perfect state that ironically remains perpetually imminent. This essay is concerned with tracing the ontological baggage of predominant understandings of property and time and exploring the terrain of their Others, as well as exploring the shifts in relationships between these in a decolonising and postmodern Australian context. This paper will reveal some of the diversity of what and how societies think about property and time, to suggest we may be starting-albeit stutteringly-to acknowledge and engage with multiple and complex iterations of these.

Sheppard L.R.,University of Western Sydney
Journal of Physical Chemistry C | Year: 2013

In the current investigation, Nb surface segregation has been studied in polycrystalline Nb-doped TiO2 (0.65 at %) at two extremes of oxygen activity (p(O2) = 101 kPa and p(O2) = 10-15 Pa) over the temperature range of 1173 to 1673 K. The aim has been to establish the effect of changes in ambient oxygen activity and temperature on surface Nb enrichment. Using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and secondary ion mass spectrometry, the concentration of Nb at the surface has been determined along with Nb depth profiles. It has been found that the ambient oxygen activity during processing at elevated temperatures has a strong influence on the activity of Nb at the surface and the extent of Nb segregation. Specifically, it was found that the application of low oxygen activity during processing (p(O2) = 10-15 Pa) substantially increases the surface activity of Nb, resulting in the removal of Nb from the surface and near-surface region. In contrast, processing under conditions of high oxygen activity (p(O2) = 101 kPa) was found to promote the enrichment of Nb in the surface due to an apparent drop in the surface activity of Nb. Temperature was observed to have a weaker influence on Nb segregation than oxygen activity, but increased temperature was observed to clearly decrease the surface concentration of Nb. The obtained results indicate that the driving force for Nb segregation can be "tuned" through manipulation of p(O2) and temperature and promise to deliver a mechanism for controlling both the composition of the surface and the near-surface region. © 2013 American Chemical Society.

Rossner M.,University of Western Sydney
British Journal of Criminology | Year: 2011

Restorative justice has long been touted as an effective and popular alternative to mainstream justice. While most research on the subject measures outcomes and satisfaction after the event, this study uses a video recording of a restorative justice conference to analyse at the micro level the emotional and interactional dynamics at work in transforming an initial situation of anger and anxiety into one marked by displays of solidarity between victim and offender. It develops Collins' theory of interaction ritual chains to code the gradual emergence of a successful interaction by analysis of facial expressions, verbal cues, gestures and interactional dynamics. © The Author 2010. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Centre for Crime and Justice Studies (ISTD).

Nielsen U.N.,Colorado State University | Wall D.H.,University of Western Sydney
Ecology Letters | Year: 2013

The polar regions are experiencing rapid climate change with implications for terrestrial ecosystems. Here, despite limited knowledge, we make some early predictions on soil invertebrate community responses to predicted twenty-first century climate change. Geographic and environmental differences suggest that climate change responses will differ between the Arctic and Antarctic. We predict significant, but different, belowground community changes in both regions. This change will be driven mainly by vegetation type changes in the Arctic, while communities in Antarctica will respond to climate amelioration directly and indirectly through changes in microbial community composition and activity, and the development of, and/or changes in, plant communities. Climate amelioration is likely to allow a greater influx of non-native species into both the Arctic and Antarctic promoting landscape scale biodiversity change. Non-native competitive species could, however, have negative effects on local biodiversity particularly in the Arctic where the communities are already species rich. Species ranges will shift in both areas as the climate changes potentially posing a problem for endemic species in the Arctic where options for northward migration are limited. Greater soil biotic activity may move the Arctic towards a trajectory of being a substantial carbon source, while Antarctica could become a carbon sink. © 2013 Blackwell Publishing Ltd/CNRS.

Cairney J.W.G.,University of Western Sydney
Soil Biology and Biochemistry | Year: 2012

Extramatrical mycelia (EMM) of ectomycorrhizal (ECM) fungi are potentially extensive in soil and receive significant allocations of plant-derived carbon. Although losses from living EMM occur via respiration and exudation, EMM represents a considerable biomass component and potential carbon sink in many forest soils. ECM root tips and rhizomorphs may persist in soil for many months, but interactions between grazing arthropods and decomposers probably facilitate more rapid turnover of diffuse EMM. Elevated atmospheric CO 2 concentration [CO 2] is likely to increase carbon allocation to ECM fungi by their tree hosts. This will probably increase root colonization by ECM fungi and drive changes in their communities in soil. The likely effects of elevated [CO 2] and other climate change factors on the production and turnover of EMM production are difficult to predict from current evidence, and this hampers our understanding of their potential value as future carbon sinks. Responses of grazing soil arthropods to future climate change will have a strong influence on EMM turnover, along with the abilities of ECM fungi to store carbon in below-ground, and this should be seen as a priority area for future research. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.

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