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Scaratti D.,University of West Santa Catarina | Calvo M.C.M.,Federal University of Santa Catarina
Revista de Saude Publica | Year: 2012

OBJECTIVE: To develop a composite indicator to evaluate the quality of municipal management of primary health care. METHODS: The evaluation model focuses on aspects of health system management. Fifty-fi ve performance indicators were used and classifi ed according to the criteria of relevance, effectiveness, effi cacy and effi ciency. The measures were aggregated through an additive data envelopment analysis model for measures of value, merit and quality. Data was utilized from 36 municipalities in Santa Catarina State (Southern Brazil), with populations between 10 thousand and 50 thousand residents in 2006. RESULTS: The results are presented as monotonic measures over the interval [0, 1] (score = 1: effi cient; other values: ineffi cient). Five municipalities had a score of 1 in the quality of management for actions promoting access, while eight municipalities received a score of 1 in the quality of management of actions for service provision; the other municipalities were classifi ed as ineffi cient (score < 1) for both dimensions. CONCLUSIONS: The quality of municipal management in primary health care can be evaluated with a composite indicator, constructed through linear programming techniques, which simultaneously considers the criteria of relevance, effectiveness, effi cacy and effi ciency and expresses them as measures of value, merit and quality.

Borges E.M.,University of West Santa Catarina
Journal of chromatographic science | Year: 2015

Free silanols on the surface of silica are the "villains", which are responsible for detrimental interactions of those compounds and the stationary phase (i.e., bad peak shape, low efficiency) as well as low thermal and chemical stability. For these reasons, we began this review describing new silica and hybrid silica stationary phases, which have reduced and/or shielded silanols. At present, in liquid chromatography for the majority of analyses, reversed-phase liquid chromatography is the separation mode of choice. However, the needs for increased selectivity and increased retention of hydrophilic bases have substantially increased the interest in hydrophilic interaction chromatography (HILIC). Therefore, stationary phases and this mode of separation are discussed. Then, non-silica stationary phases (i.e., zirconium oxide, titanium oxide, alumina and porous graphitized carbon), which afford increased thermal and chemical stability and also selectivity different from those obtained with silica and hybrid silica, are discussed. In addition, the use of these materials in HILIC is also reviewed. © Crown copyright 2014.

Locatelli C.,University of West Santa Catarina | Locatelli C.,University do Alto Vale do Rio do Peixe | Filippin-Monteiro F.B.,Federal University of Santa Catarina | Creczynski-Pasa T.B.,Federal University of Santa Catarina
European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry | Year: 2013

The current review presents the antitumoral properties of gallic acid and its ester derivatives. Numerous studies have indicated that the alkyl esters are more effective against tumor cell lines than gallic acid, and that this activity is related to their hydrophobic moiety. All related studies have shown that the antitumor activity is interconnected to the induction of apoptosis by different mechanisms and it depends on the cell type. The results presented in this review may help to emphasize that these compounds could be promising as a new alternative for the treatment of cancer, either alone or in combination with other antitumor drugs to potentiate their effects.

Results of the survey presented in this study aim at evaluating the feasibility of increasing from 45 to 55 the kappa number of Pinus taeda kraft pulp meant for the production of flexible packaging with low grammage paper. The yield observed for kappa number 55 increased by 1.5[%], with consequent increase in shives content, condition that could be handled in the screening process. The tear resistance did not differ between pulps kappa 45 and 55. Tensile strength and airflow through sheet values decreased with the increased kappa number, requiring a higher re(ning action to recondition these properties. The results indicate that kappa 55 pulp can be used for the production of low weight sacks paper, being suitable for the demands associated with this class of products.

Schwarz R.G.,University of West Santa Catarina
Journal of Educational, Cultural and Psychological Studies | Year: 2016

From the point of view of international law, what we are seeking in this paper is to expose some of the premises for a (new) approach to fundamental social rights. If we think about the absolute supremacy of human life, a life that, to be understood as such, must be a life lived with dignity, we have to think about life from a material point of view and, therefore, in a priority status to the so-called «social» rights, since social rights (economic, social and cultural) address issues as basic to life and human dignity as food, health, shelter, work, education and water. With this understanding, it becomes very clear that the materiality of human dignity rests on the so-called «existential minimum», the hard kernel of social rights, in such a way that social rights are genuine (true) fundamental human rights. Recognition of social rights cannot be, therefore, a mere listing of good intentions on the part of the state. Social rights are fundamental rights, which are for all men, can be exercised by everyone and are essential to life and human dignity. What we are seeking in this paper, then, is to shed light on the understanding that social rights are fundamental human rights in international law. © 2016, Edizioni Universitarie di Lettere Economia Diritto. All rights reserved.

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