Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENERGY.2013.7.2.1 | Award Amount: 10.86M | Year: 2013
Power system reliability management means to take decisions under increasing uncertainty (for instance, related to renewable generation). It aims to maintain power system performance at a desired level, while minimizing the socio-economic costs of keeping the power system at that performance level. Seven TSOs (Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Iceland, Norway), together with eleven RTD performers, propose the four year GARPUR research project. GARPUR designs, develops, assesses and evaluates new system reliability criteria and management while maximizing social welfare as they are progressively implemented over the next decades at a pan-European level. The new management methodologies encompass multiple business activities (system development, asset management, power system operation) that, in turn, ensure coherent decision-making at the respective time horizons. These methodologies also involve mathematical and computational models to predict the location, duration and amount of power supply interruptions. Five alternatives to improve reliability management of the pan-European power system are studied. After practical validation by the TSOs, these alternatives are analysed with the help of a quantification platform. Pilot tests of the new proposed reliability criteria are performed by individual TSOs or (when appropriate) a group of TSOs using this quantification platform, either in a given control zone or (where appropriate) throughout the pan-European system. Reliability criteria are compared and presented to the TSO community and regulatory authorities who establish the robustness of the results. Dissemination activities of the new reliability criteria are supported by a Reference Group of TSOs and address all the key electricity market stakeholders. An implementation roadmap is delivered for the deployment of the resulting technical and regulatory solutions to keep the pan-European system reliability at optimal socio-economic levels.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: LCE-17-2015 | Award Amount: 9.63M | Year: 2016
The share of renewable energy is growing rapidly driven by the objective to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The amount of electric power which can be supplied to the grid depends on the time of the day and weather conditions. A conventional fleet of thermal power plants is required to compensate for these fluctuations before large scale energy storage technologies will be mature and economically viable. All power market projections expect this to be the case for the next 50 years at least. For a strong expansion of renewables, this fleet has to operate flexibly at competitive cost. Current power plants cannot fill this role immediately without impeding their efficiency and engine lifetime through increased wear and damage induced by the higher number of (shorter) operating/loading cycles. New technologies need to be introduced to balance demand peaks with renewable output fluctuations at minimal fuel consumption and emissions without negative effects on cycling operation. The FLEXTURBINE partners have developed a medium to long term technology roadmap addressing future and existing power plants. The FLEXTURBINE project presented hereafter is the first step in such technology roadmap and consists of: (1) new solutions for extended operating ranges to predict and control flutter, (2) improved sealing and bearing designs to increase turbine lifetime and efficiency by reducing degradation/damages, and (3) an improved lifecycle management through better control and prediction of critical parts to improve competitive costs by more flexible service intervals and planned downtime, and by reducing unplanned outages. In all areas, individual technologies will be developed from TRL 3 to TRL 4-6. FLEXTURBINE brings together the main European turbine manufacturers, renowned research institutes and universities. It involves plant and transmission system operators to include user feedback and to prepare the take-up of the FLEXTURBINE technologies in power plants world-wide.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: GC.SST.2013-4. | Award Amount: 22.22M | Year: 2013
Electrification of the public transport is a raising trend in Europe, and electric buses are soon expected to enter markets as one of the most interesting options for matching urban environmental targets. Electrification is driven by both economics and politics. However, although technology is not yet fully matured and ready for wide commercialisation, a large demonstration project will facilitate the market up-take of electric buses in Europe. Furthermore, as unambiguous and extensive information about overall effects of electrified bus systems and related needs for changes on infrastructure do not exist today, UITP sees its objectives and those matching perfectly, and this led UITP to build a consortium of 40 partners, who were already considering their actions along this theme, and to collectively design the 42-months demonstration project ZeEUS Zero-Emission Urban Bus Systems. ZeEUS project focus on the todays challenge in the electrification of bus system, the extension of the fully-electric solution to a wider part of the urban network. This goes through the development of electric vehicles of large capacity, and the creation of an infrastructure capable of providing the required charging energy, operated according to non-disruptive and grid-balancing principles. The ZeEUS project will cover innovative electric bus solutions with different types of electrical power-train systems. Full-electric battery-based busses will be demonstrated in five locations (Barcelona, Bonn, Muenster, Plzen and Rome), whereas plug-in hybrid or range-extender type of power-trains will be demonstrated in three sites (London, Glasgow and Stockholm). The lifetime of project ZeEUS is long enough to collect sufficient amount of statistically valid data and make comprehensive analysis to deliver meaningful lessons learned, guidelines and provide feedback to the R&D activity of manufacturers and suppliers to make technology mature for wide commercialisation.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: ICT-15-2016-2017 | Award Amount: 16.19M | Year: 2017
The data intensive target sector selected for the DataBio project is the Data-Driven Bioeconomy, focusing in production of best possible raw materials from agriculture, forestry and fishery/aquaculture for the bioeconomy industry to produce food, energy and biomaterials taking into account also various responsibility and sustainability issues. DataBio proposes to deploy a state of the art, big data platform on top of the existing partners infrastructure and solutions - the Big DATABIO Platform.The work will be continuous cooperation of experts from end user and technology provider companies, from bioeconomy and technology research institutes, and of other partners. In the pilots also associated partners and other stakeholders will be actively involved. The selected pilots and concepts will be transformed to pilot implementations utilizing co-innovative methods and tools where the bioeconomy sector end user experts and other stakeholders will give input to the user and sector domain understanding for the requirements specifications for ICT, Big Data and Earth Observation experts and for other solution providers in the consortium. Based on the preparation and requirement specifications work the pilots are implemented utilizing and selecting the best suitable market ready or almost market ready Big Data and Earth Observation methods, technologies, tools and services to be integrated to the common Big DATABIO Platform. During the pilots the close cooperation continues and feedback from the bioeconomy sector user companies will be utilized in the technical and methodological upgrades to pilot implementations. Based on the pilot results and the new solutions also new business opportunities are expected. In addition during the pilots the end user utilizers are participating trainings to learn how to use the solutions and developers also outside the consortium will be activated in the Hackathons to design and develop new tools, services and application for the platform.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: GALILEO-1-2015 | Award Amount: 4.46M | Year: 2016
The STARS project paves the way for the future EGNSS deployment in safety relevant railway applications. By evolving the highly developed and deployed ERTMS standard through the implementation of the satellite positioning functionality, it will be possible to reduce the cost of the future railway signalling systems, especially for lines with lower traffic density. The project deals with three main topics: 1) The elaboration of reference data and characterisation of the railway environment through a measurement campaign; 2) The assessment of the EGNSS performances achievable in the railway environment with the determination of the applicable requirements for the positioning system as well as the necessary evolutions of EGNSS services and ERTMS/ETCS functions and 3) Quantification of the economic benefits and specifying the possible implementation roadmap when applying the EGNSS on railways. The project is strongly linked with other initiatives and actions on the same topic in Europe. In order to feed directly into the standardization work of ERTMS, the project partners will cooperate closely with UNISIG. Moreover, the project will actively interact with NGTC (EU funded FP7) and the results will be directly implemented by SHIFT2RAIL, providing the practical demonstrators for different categories of railway tracks. The approach developed in STARS is also taking the profit of the strong know-how inherited from civil aviation, making this project as completely integrated and consistent in overall activities in Europe and worldwide, leading to the effective deployment of the satellite technologies in advanced railway signalling systems.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: FoF-08-2015 | Award Amount: 4.30M | Year: 2015
The MOTOR project focuses on ICT-enabled design optimization technologies for fluid energy machines (FEMs) that transfer mechanical energy to and from the fluid, in particular for aircraft engines, ship propellers, water turbines, and screw machines. The performance of these machines essentially depends on the shape of their geometry, which is described by functional free-form surfaces. Even small modifications have significant impact on the performance; hence the design process requires a very accurate representation of the geometry. Our vision is to link all computational tools involved in the chain of design, simulation and optimization to the same representation of the geometry, thereby reducing the number of approximate conversion steps between different representations. The improved accuracy and reliability of numerical simulations enables the design of more efficient FEMs by effective design optimization methods. MOTOR also exploits the synergies between the design optimization technologies for the different types of FEMs that have so far been developed independently. MOTOR adopts a modular approach for developing novel methodologies and computational tools and integrating them into real process chains, contributing a volumetric mesh generator with exact interface matching for multi-domain geometries enabling high-order multi-physics simulations with enhanced accuracy, an isogeometric analysis simulation toolbox for CFD, CSM, and FSI problems and advanced interactive visualization toolkit for high-order solutions, and automatic shape optimization based on a multi-level approach in the parameterization enabling different levels of shape variety to combine design space exploration with local searches. The effectiveness of our approach in terms of reduced time to production and increased efficiency of the optimally designed product will be validated by developing four proof-of-concept demonstrators with the modernized process chains.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: JTI-CP-ARTEMIS | Phase: SP1-JTI-ARTEMIS-2012-ASP4 | Award Amount: 5.82M | Year: 2013
E-SCOP project is built under ARTEMIS Sub-programme 4: Embedded systems for manufacturing and process automation. The project aims to overcome the current drawbacks for the shop floor control level (i.e. MES and deterministic / real-time control), thus improving the state of the art of the overall production control system architecture. This goal is achieved by introducing an innovative approach based on the combination of 3 different pillars, namely: i) embedded systems, ii) ontology-based knowledge management and iii) service-oriented architecture. The approach is called Open, Knowledge-Driven Manufacturing Execution System (OKD-MES). Traditionally embedded devices have limited resources in terms of memory and processing (CPU) capabilities. However the development of communication technologies made it possible and affordable to integrate heterogeneous devices into a large networks as it become possible to implement on embedded devices different protocols stacks developed by World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). This includes web services protocols. A number of European and national projects have already demonstrated how to use web services at the level of embedded devices in the field of manufacturing. However, the integrated approach for manufacturing system development that would focus on provisioning of missing and supporting services that operate together with embedded devices has still to be developed. One of the main results for E-SCOP project is a service-oriented middleware that should allow to build and simulate factory and process control systems. On general level, the proposed E-SCOP architecture is composed of three layers i) Physical layer, ii) Representation Layer and iii) Orchestration Layer. Approved by ARTEMIS-JU on 21/02/2013
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2013-ITN | Award Amount: 3.73M | Year: 2014
Powered Two Wheelers (PTWs) are an efficient and flexible transport system and their use is beneficial especially in the more and more congested European cities. Unfortunately the PTW riders are exposed to a high risk of becoming a victim in a crash mainly due to the difficulty to control a PTW under all circumstances but also due to limited conspicuity. In addition when PTW riders are crash victims limited protection is offered to prevent injuries when compared to vehicle occupants. The aim of the research activities within the project is to make the use of PTWs safer such that fewer accidents occur and if an accident is unavoidable the consequences for the rider to sustain injuries are minimal. The project is divided in three work packages (WPs) with three separate but related goals . The first work package aims to improve the riders skills with training strategies that are derived from in-depth accident data and from a quantification of rider behaviour in critical situations. The second work package aims at developing advanced safety systems that improve the interaction between the rider and the PTW by modelling the rider, also based on the in WP1 quantified rider behaviour. The third work package considers the cases where the crash is unavoidable and will develop personal protective equipment to protect the riders, given the input conditions from WP2 at the moment right before impact. The end result of this project will be a set of rider training guidelines that are proven to be effective, safety system concepts implemented on PTWs and improved personal protective equipment and accompanying standards. These can be used by PTW industry partners in product development processes and by stakeholders such as ACEM and the EU to educate riders. This will ultimately improve the safety of PTWs and moreover the perceived safety, which will make more people decide to use a PTW as a good alternative to other means of transport.
Musil J.,University of West Bohemia
Surface and Coatings Technology | Year: 2012
The article reports on the enhanced hardness of nanocomposite coatings, their thermal stability, protection of the substrate against oxidation at temperatures above 1000°C, X-ray amorphous coatings thermally stable above 1000°C and new advanced hard nanocomposite coatings with enhanced toughness which exhibit (i) low values of the effective Young's modulus E satisfying the condition H/E >0.1, (ii) high elastic recovery W e≥60%, (iii) strongly improved tribological properties, and (iv) enhanced resistance to cracking; here E =E(1-ν 2), E is the Young's modulus and ν is the Poison's ratio. At the end trends of next development of hard nanocomposite coatings are briefly outlined. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.
University of West Bohemia and Trumpf Huettinger Sp. Z O. O. | Date: 2015-08-20
A method of controlling a reactive sputter deposition process includes selecting a control process parameter for a target material and a reactive gas, the target material included in a target acting as a cathode, the reactive sputter deposition process involving forming a compound from a reaction between the target material and reactive gas species associated with the reactive gas in a vacuum chamber; establishing an operation regime for the reactive sputter deposition process for a given target power; and performing, based on the selected control process parameter and the established operation regime, the reactive sputter deposition process in a transition region between a metallic mode and a covered mode through a controlled pulsed reactive gas flow rate into the vacuum chamber, such that a stabilized reactive deposition of the compound on a substrate is achieved, the deposited compound on the substrate comprising a dielectric stoichiometric film.