Newport, United Kingdom
Newport, United Kingdom

The University of Glamorgan was a university based in South Wales prior to the merger with University of Wales, Newport that formed the University of South Wales in April 2013. The university was based in Pontypridd, Rhondda Cynon Taf with campuses in Trefforest, Glyntaff, Merthyr Tydfil, Tyn y Wern and Cardiff. The university had four faculties, and was the only university in Wales which had no link with the University of Wales. Wikipedia.

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News Article | April 9, 2017

It was over 6,000 years ago that influenza reared its ugly head, affecting humans and causing a pandemic at regular intervals. However, the flu virus was identified much later in 1931 by Richard Shope, an American physician. However, the virus has managed to stay put all these years despite medical and technological advancement, thanks to its fast-changing nature and mutations. Now, a new study has discovered several new flu virus strains in the last 10 years, which may lead to a pandemic in the human civilization. Researchers from University of South Wales conducted the new study, and confirmed the emergence of three novel variant flu strains and four novel subtypes of influenza viruses, in the past fives year alone. One of the study's researchers Chau Bui stated that a possibility existed that a new bird flu strain may emerge, which could lead to a human pandemic. She urged that pandemic planning should be in place to counter the problem. "Pandemic planning should incorporate interventions to prevent the species jump and emergence of a human pandemic strain of influenza," stated Bui. Researchers state that the increase behind the new flu virus strains is unknown. However, they opine that better testing and diagnostics, as well as changes in animal management and poultry farming practices, may have contributed to the increase of the virus strains in humans. The pace at which new viruses are emerging in humans in recent years has seen a sudden spike. The study found that since 1918, 19 new strains of virus have emerged in humans. Out of these 19 new strains, 6 can efficiently transmit from human-to-human, 10 are "predominantly zoonotic AIVs," and the remaining 3 animal-to-human swine flu virus variants. The researchers state that several measures are being taken to counter another pandemic. "There's actually already a lot being done to plan for and prevent another flu pandemic. This is both in terms of pharmaceutical drugs and vaccines, and non-pharmaceutical interventions like personal protective equipment, quarantine, border control and banning of mass gatherings in the event of an outbreak," wrote the researchers in The Conversation. However, they do not put much faith on drugs as it will take a minimum of three to six months to produce the correct vaccine for a specific virus. The flu pandemic will likely peak in roughly two months and there would be insufficient time to produce the same. Therefore, one can only rely on vaccines after the pandemic peaks. Instead, the best course of action would be to resort to social distancing measures, antiviral vaccines, isolation, and quarantine to counter the attack of these new viruses. Personal protective equipment like gloves and masks would also be beneficial during this time. The researchers also advise that people focus on prevention of viruses from poultry animals to humans, especially in countries falling under the low-income category. These countries are currently undergoing rapid commercializing in the poultry sector and, therefore, are at a higher risk than most other countries around the world. The study has been published in journal Archives of Public Health. © 2017 Tech Times, All rights reserved. Do not reproduce without permission.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: CIRC-05-2016 | Award Amount: 3.38M | Year: 2017

RES URBIS aims at making it possible to convert several types of urban bio-waste into valuable bio-based products, in an integrated single biowaste biorefinery and by using one main technology chain. This goal will be pursued through: - collection and analysis of data on urban bio-waste production and present management systems in four territorial clusters that have been selected in different countries and have different characteristics. - well-targeted experimental activity to solve a number of open technical issues (both process- and product-related), by using the appropriate combination of innovative and catalogue-proven technologies. - market analysis whitin several economic scenarios and business models for full exploitation of bio-based products (including a path forward to fill regulatory gaps). Urban bio-waste include the organic fraction of municipal solid waste (from households, restaurants, caterers and retail premises), excess sludge from urban wastewater treatment, garden and parks waste, selected waste from food-processing (if better recycling options in the food chain are not available), other selected waste streams, i.e. baby nappies. Bio-based products include polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) and related PHA-based bioplastics as well as ancillary productions: biosolvents (to be used in PHA extraction) and fibers (to be used for PHA biocomposites). Territorial and economic analyses will be done either considering the ex-novo implementation of the biowaste biorefinery or its integration into existing wastewater treatment or anaerobic digestion plants, with reference to clusters and for different production size. The economic analysis will be based on a portfolio of PHA-based bioplastics, which will be produced at pilot scale and tested for applications: - Biodegradable commodity film - Packaging interlayer film - Speciality durables (such as electronics) - Premium slow C-release material for ground water remediation

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.8.1 | Award Amount: 13.18M | Year: 2012

The Go-Lab project will open up remote science laboratories, their data archives, and virtual models (online labs) for large-scale use in education. Go-Lab enables science inquiry-based learning that promotes acquisition of deep conceptual domain knowledge and inquiry skills and directs students to careers in science.\nFor students (10 to 18-years old), Go-lab offers the opportunity to perform personalized scientific experiments with online labs in pedagogically structured and scaffolded learning spaces that are extended with social communication facilities.\nFor teachers, Go-Lab offers pedagogical plug, share, and play through a Web-based interface and a community framework to disseminate best practices and find mutual support. A modular approach and inquiry classroom scenarios promote a seamless incorporation of online labs into the classroom.\nFor lab-owners, Go-Lab provides open interfacing solutions to easily plug in their online labs, construct their virtual didactic counterparts, and share them in the Go-Lab federation of online labs. Go-Lab will thus promote their scientific activities.\nThe project starts with a set of online labs from worldwide renowned research organisations (e.g., CERN, ESA) and then from selected universities and, based on initial in-depth pilots, will gradually improve and expand its series of online labs and associated inquiry learning opportunities with the increasing contribution of teacher and lab-owner communities. More advanced and later versions will be evaluated and validated in large scale pilots.\nThe Go-Lab project throughout Europe will expand the resources for teaching science in schools and provide more challenging, authentic and higher-order learning experiences for students. Its sustainability will come from the opportunity for the larger science education community to add new online labs. An open and Web-based community will capitalize on the collective intelligence of students, teachers, and scientists.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-CSA-Infra | Phase: INFRA-2012-1.1.3. | Award Amount: 8.43M | Year: 2013

ARIADNE is a proposal to bring together and integrate the existing archaeological research data infrastructures so that researchers can use the various distributed datasets and new and powerful technologies as an integral component of the archaeological research methodology. There is now a large availability of archaeological digital datasets that altogether span different periods, domains and regions; more are continuously created as a result of the increasing use of IT. They are the accumulated outcome of the research of individuals, teams and institutions, but form a vast and fragmented corpus and their potential is constrained by difficult access and non-homogenous perspectives. This integrating activity will enable trans-national access of researchers to data centres, tools and guidance, and the creation of new Web-based services based on common interfaces to data repositories, availability of reference datasets and usage of innovative technologies. It will stimulate new research avenues in the field of archaeology, relying on the comparison, re-use and integration into current research of the outcomes of past and on-going field and laboratory activity. Such data are scattered amongst diverse collections, datasets, inaccessible and unpublished fieldwork reports grey literature, and in publications, the latter still being the main source of knowledge sharing. It will contribute to the creation of a new community of researchers ready to exploit the contribution of Information Technology and to incorporate it in the body of established archaeological research methodology. To achieve this result the project will use a number of integrating technologies that build on common features of the currently available datasets, and on integrating actions that will build a vibrant community of use. The overall objective outlined above will be achieved through subordinate goals, which altogether will enable the provision of advanced Integrated Infrastructure.

Murphy D.J.,University of South Wales
Protoplasma | Year: 2012

During the past decade, there has been a paradigm shift in our understanding of the roles of intracellular lipid droplets (LDs). New genetic, biochemical and imaging technologies have underpinned these advances, which are revealing much new information about these dynamic organelles. This review takes a comparative approach by examining recent work on LDs across the whole range of biological organisms from archaea and bacteria, through yeast and Drosophila to mammals, including humans. LDs probably evolved originally in microorganisms as temporary stores of excess dietary lipid that was surplus to the immediate requirements of membrane formation/turnover. LDs then acquired roles as long-term carbon stores that enabled organisms to survive episodic lack of nutrients. In multicellular organisms, LDs went on to acquire numerous additional roles including cell- and organism-level lipid homeostasis, protein sequestration, membrane trafficking and signalling. Many pathogens of plants and animals subvert their host LD metabolism as part of their infection process. Finally, malfunctions in LDs and associated proteins are implicated in several degenerative diseases of modern humans, among the most serious of which is the increasingly prevalent constellation of pathologies, such as obesity and insulin resistance, which is associated with metabolic syndrome. © 2011 Springer-Verlag.

University of South Wales | Date: 2015-06-12

The present disclosure relates to improved processes for the preparation of metal hydrides. The present disclosure also relates to metal hydrides, e.g., metal hydrides prepared by the processes described herein, that exhibit enhanced hydrogen storage capacity when used as hydrogen storage systems.

Agency: GTR | Branch: EPSRC | Program: | Phase: Research Grant | Award Amount: 79.02K | Year: 2016

Within mathematics the study of symmetry is called group theory. Given some kind of object (physical or mathematical), its symmetry group is the set of transformations of the object that preserve its structure. A very symmetrical object will have a large symmetry group, an asymmetrical object will have a tiny symmetry group. The cube, for instance, has a symmetry group of size 48 - these are all the reflections and rotations of 3-dimensional space that leave the vertices of the cube unchanged set-wise. Given such a group of symmetries we can consider the composition of two group elements and it is clear that such a composition will itself be a group element. For instance if I rotate the cube around one axis, and then again around another, the end result will be the same as if I had rotated the cube around a third axis. This project studies groups of a particular type. Firstly, they are FINITE; secondly, they are SIMPLE. In this context, simple means that the group cannot be broken up into smaller pieces. It is important to note that simple does not mean easy! The study of the finite simple groups is an extraordinarily rich area of mathematics containing many very difficult open questions. This research starts with the following set-up: Suppose that we have a finite simple group G and a subset A inside G with A of size at least 2. It is well-known that any element of G can be written as a composition of some number N of elements of the same type as A. (Here of the same type has a technical meaning that we wont discuss. Roughly speaking though, if one looks at the cube example, one can see that a ROTATION has different qualities to a REFLECTION. The idea of type is a refinement of this qualitative distinction.) We would like to write all of the elements of G in the most efficient way possible using elements of the same type as A. By efficient we mean using as few compositions as possible. The Product Decomposition Conjecture (PDC) asserts that elements of finite simple groups can be written very efficiently indeed. APPLICATIONS: Although the setting for this research is very abstract, there are a surprising number of rather concrete applications. One of the original motivations for the PDC, for instance, was in the explicit construction of EXPANDER FAMILIES. These are mathematical models of efficient networks which have a myriad of applications in mathematics, computer science and elsewhere. It turns out that one can use notions of efficiency in finite simple groups to construct expander families. METHODS: The primary tool at our disposal to prove PDC is the Classification of Finite Simple Groups (CFSG). This monumental theorem was proved by hundreds of mathematicians over a period of about 40 years, culminating in 2001. CFSG asserts that all finite simple groups are on an explicit (infinitely long) list. Thus to prove PDC it is enough to prove the result for all of the groups on the list. In fact some of the groups on the list have already been attended to in earlier collaborative work of the Principal Investigator and others. It is expected that research into the PDC on the groups that remain will, in addition to yielding a proof of PDC, shed light on some of the deep and mysterious properties of the finite simple groups.

Agency: GTR | Branch: Innovate UK | Program: | Phase: Knowledge Transfer Partnership | Award Amount: 93.47K | Year: 2015

To develop high accuracy measurement light curtains for 1D and 2D measurements.

Agency: GTR | Branch: BBSRC | Program: | Phase: Research Grant | Award Amount: 98.41K | Year: 2016

Societies globally have a critical need for energy and materials with minimal environmental impact. There are many technologies such as solar PV, wind, wave and tidal generation which can produce electrical energy with minimal environmental impact, however when compared to conventional fossil fuel generation systems they are more difficult to fit supply to demand. Therefore there is increasing interest in developing energy storage. The production of green methane and carboxylic acids by combining hydrogen using renewable electricity with surplus carbon dioxide from a number of industrial processes, has the potential to integrate gas, electricity and refueling infrastructures, decarbonise energy and chemical supply, contribute towards energy security, as well as providing economic benefits through expansion of market potential. Effective conversions of hydrogen and carbon dioxide have recently been achieved using a novel patented microbial process (filed by University of South Wales) for the production of green methane and carboxylic acids, however, productivity is limited by the rate at which gases can be solubilised into the liquid phase. This project will investigate the feasibility of using innovative and patented oscillatory baffled reactor (OBR) technology (own by NiTech Solutions Ltd) to optimise the solubilisation of input gases, therefore optimising the rate of green gas or carboxylic acids production and improving the technical and economic viability of the biotechnology processes. The project proposes a programme of collaborative research to determine the feasibility of utilising the OBR technology to enhance the gaseous rate of transfer and thus increase the microbial conversion of renewable hydrogen and biogenic or fossil carbon dioxide to either green methane (for energy use) or carboxylic acids (as energy vectors and chemical intermediates). The project addresses the challenges of production of liquid / gaseous biofuels, and the production of commodity, platform and intermediate chemicals and materials from gaseous substrates. The aims of the proposed research are to investigate and demonstrate efficiency benefits that the OBR technology can bring to the biomethanation / carboxylic acids biotechnology processes, the effect from these reactors systems on microbial communities and demonstrate the overall feasibility of the processes both in terms of productivity and energy efficiency, therefore justifying additional industry investment in scale up focused research and process deployment. The ability to produce low carbon sustainable energy, chemicals and materials to meet variable societal demands, using low temperature and pressure conversions, using a biocatalyst based microbial community and inexpensive non-metal based catalysts, and reduce energy lost through curtailment of renewable energy in the UK and across the world is expected to bring sound environmental and economic benefits for future generations.

Agency: GTR | Branch: BBSRC | Program: | Phase: Research Grant | Award Amount: 9.46K | Year: 2016

The project aims to manufacture and develop an online Microbial Fuel Cell-based biosensor for rapid, online detection of Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD) to be used at wastewater treatment plants. The BOD provides a measure of the amount of biodegradable carbon, a constituent that is regulated to protect water quality. Current techniques for measuring BOD are either time-consuming and resource-intensive, or provide over-estimates of true BOD. Bioelectrochemical Systems (BES, a type of Microbial Fuel Cell) offer a potential solution for BOD sensing, in which the concentration of biodegradable material consumed by the anodic biofilm is proportional to the electrical current generated. Monitoring that current provides a measure of BOD in real time (or close to real time). The online BOD sensor developed in this project will enable water treatment companies, and other industries that discharge effluent containing organic matter, to continuously monitor BOD. For the first time, they will be able to use real time, continuous monitoring to economically optimise various treatment protocols to control BOD. Real time monitoring is currently not possible, as for each variation in operating parameters a large number of expensive and time consuming off-line BOD tests would have to be performed. Improved monitoring will also bring direct benefits by alerting operators as the discharge BOD approaches the consent limits, allowing action to be taken before the limits are breached and a fine is incurred, a situation that is not currently possible. There are clear environmental benefits to having improved control of the BOD in discharged water, where areas downstream of the treatment plants are no longer subject to wild fluctuations in BOD and a stable ecology can be managed. The project builds on work from a PhD project at Newcastle University, taking the design and concept and developing it into a commercial product that meets industrial needs. The BES-based BOD sensor will be developed, tested and calibrated. The project has a number of stages, as shown below. University of South Wales will lead on electrode design and fabrication. Newcastle University will will lead on testing and calibrating the sensor. 1. Design the sensor to be used in the project, ensuring the design meets the project requirements. 2. Design the upstream sample handling systems for waste to be passed to the sensor. 3. Build the BES sensor. Built sensor to be shipped to Newcastle for set-up and calibration. 4. Build the sample treatment system. Built system to be shipped to Newcastle for integration with sensor. 5. Probe set up and calibration. Newcastle to test the probe is stable and to calibrate under a variety of agreed conditions, including toxicity conditions. 6. Software Development. Newcastle will provide the algorithm from the calibration data 7. BES probe stability and response testing under a variety of conditions, using artificial and then actual wastewater samples to validate the response times, range, stability and other agreed factors. 8. Review and optimisation. The sensor data must be examined and the handling and stability reviewed. Once this data is reviewed then any changes that are required must be made to the design so that a design for a robust, commercially manufacturable system can be made. 9. Finalise a design for a BES-based BOD sensor with a report showing sufficient supporting data that a commercial decision on the viability of the project can be made and the information used to market the system to a commercial sensor manufacturer. The project brings together WHPartnership, University of Newcastle and University of South Wales. Together they bring necessary skills in engineering, software, microbiology and product design that are needed for the project. The universities bring the fundamental research and WHPartnership bring the expertise in industrial application.

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