The University of Veterinary Medicine and Pharmacy in Košice is the only institution in the Slovak Republic offering higher education in the field of veterinary medicine. It has been providing the veterinary education in English language for 15 years. Nowadays the University offers two English study programmes: 6-year degree programme for secondary school graduates and 4-year degree post-BSc. programme for bachelors in agricultural, veterinary or biological science, both leading to the degree of Doctor of Veterinary Medicine .The DVM qualification was recognised and accredited by the EAEVE European Association of Establishments for Veterinary Education in 1996 and 2002.Students receiving a DVM degree from UVM Kosice, are entitled to automatic membership of the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons upon returning to the UK, and can thereby practice veterinary medicine in the UK . Wikipedia.
Herich R.,University of Veterinary Medicine in Kosice
Food and Agricultural Immunology | Year: 2017
IgA antibodies belong to the most important humoral immune factors present on mucosal surfaces. Different defence mechanisms are involved in the permanent and effective surveillance of mucosal surfaces. The robustness of local immunity homeostasis may also explain how the intestinal immune system is able to accommodate a wide range of microbes that have evolved a wide variety of intestinal lifestyles. Bacterial behaviours depend not only on the bacterial species, but also on the host. Commensal bacteria have been directly associated with the proper development of gut-associated lymphoid tissues. © 2016 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.
Mudronova D.,University of Veterinary Medicine in Kosice
Beneficial Microbes | Year: 2015
Selection of appropriate bacterial strains is crucial for development of new probiotic preparations. The fundamental prerequisite for potential efficacy of a probiotic preparation for oral application is the selection of appropriate bacterial strains with good gastrointestinal colonisation abilities, antimicrobial activity, and tolerance of conditions in the gastrointestinal tract, resistance to different antimicrobial agents, survival during processing and storage. The strain should be genetically stable, it should have good growth properties, to maintain its high viability at processing and when in storage. Mostly, the properties of promising strains are tested in the first phase in vitro, and only the best ones undergo subsequent in vivo testing. in vitro tests are often performed by classical microbiological cultivation methods which are material and time consuming, and they are not able to distinguish between 'viable but nonculturable' and dead bacteria. Flow cytometry is usually used for counting, phenotyping or functional characterisation of immune cells. Nowadays, flow cytometry is increasingly used in microbiology for counting bacteria, determining their viability and metabolic activity, detecting specific strains or testing their adherence abilities. The utilisation of flow cytometry in combination with an appropriate fluorescent labelling represents an effective and rapid method for the selection of probiotic bacteria.
Mikula Jr. I.,University of Veterinary Medicine in Kosice |
Mikula Jr. I.,Slovak Academy of Sciences |
Mikula Sr. I.,Slovak Academy of Sciences
Developmental and Comparative Immunology | Year: 2011
One of the major roles of innate immunity system is the recognition and the determination of the nature of the antigen. This ability is encompassed by specific receptors as Toll-like receptors (TLRs). TLR9 recognizes bacterial and viral CpG motifs, while their potent immunostimulation effect seems to be promising for lentiviral therapies. Recent studies, however, show the presence of a big polymorphism within the TLR genes and the linkage between substitutions and susceptibility to various infections. Moreover, different recognition ability seems to be utilized by different species and possibly breeds. In this study, we characterized the protein coding region of ovine TLR9 gene. By using comparative analysis of two closely related species and humans, we suggest, which characteristics of protein could be responsible for altered recognition. Furthermore, analyzing the presence of the substitutions, we show the intraspecies polymorphism and its possible implications, while attempting to define the association of discovered substitutions with the maedi visna infection. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.
Petrovova E.,University of Veterinary Medicine in Kosice
Journal of environmental science and health. Part. B, Pesticides, food contaminants, and agricultural wastes | Year: 2011
The histological structure of rabbit spleen after bendiocarb administration was studied. Bendiocarb was perorally administered for 30 days. At day 10, 20 and 30 morphometric analysis was realized. Quantitative evaluation showed that in the control group the relative spleen volume of white pulp ranged from 35.03 ± 10.94 % and the relative volume of red pulp 64.97 ± 10.94 %. In all experimental groups were detected significantly higher relative volume of red pulp and the lower relative volume of white pulp, except on day 30. The experimental groups showed a significant increase in the number of lymphocytes in comparison with the control group. On day 10 we observed a significant increase in diameter of investigated lymphocytes. The results of our study determined structural alterations in spleen structure after bendiocarb administration, which probably causes alteration in the immune system.
Ward T.A.,Weatherall Institute of Molecular Medicine |
Dudasova Z.,Cancer Research Institute |
Sarkar S.,Weatherall Institute of Molecular Medicine |
Bhide M.R.,University of Veterinary Medicine in Kosice |
And 3 more authors.
PLoS Genetics | Year: 2012
Fanconi anemia (FA) is a devastating genetic disease, associated with genomic instability and defects in DNA interstrand cross-link (ICL) repair. The FA repair pathway is not thought to be conserved in budding yeast, and although the yeast Mph1 helicase is a putative homolog of human FANCM, yeast cells disrupted for MPH1 are not sensitive to ICLs. Here, we reveal a key role for Mph1 in ICL repair when the Pso2 exonuclease is inactivated. We find that the yeast FANCM ortholog Mph1 physically and functionally interacts with Mgm101, a protein previously implicated in mitochondrial DNA repair, and the MutSα mismatch repair factor (Msh2-Msh6). Co-disruption of MPH1, MGM101, MSH6, or MSH2 with PSO2 produces a lesion-specific increase in ICL sensitivity, the elevation of ICL-induced chromosomal rearrangements, and persistence of ICL-associated DNA double-strand breaks. We find that Mph1-Mgm101-MutSα directs the ICL-induced recruitment of Exo1 to chromatin, and we propose that Exo1 is an alternative 5′-3′ exonuclease utilised for ICL repair in the absence of Pso2. Moreover, ICL-induced Rad51 chromatin loading is delayed when both Pso2 and components of the Mph1-Mgm101-MutSα and Exo1 pathway are inactivated, demonstrating that the homologous recombination stages of ICL repair are inhibited. Finally, the FANCJ- and FANCP-related factors Chl1 and Slx4, respectively, are also components of the genetic pathway controlled by Mph1-Mgm101-MutSα. Together this suggests that a prototypical FA-related ICL repair pathway operates in budding yeast, which acts redundantly with the pathway controlled by Pso2, and is required for the targeting of Exo1 to chromatin to execute ICL repair. © 2012 Ward et al.
Schusterova I.,Childrens Faculty Hospital |
Leenen F.H.H.,University of Ottawa |
Jurko A.,Pediatrics Cardiology Clinic |
Sabol F.,East Slovak Institute of Cardiovascular Disease |
Takacova J.,University of Veterinary Medicine in Kosice
Pediatric Obesity | Year: 2014
What is already known about this subject The prevalence of childhood obesity has increased markedly in the past 2 decades. Abdominal fat is a better predictor of risk than body mass index. Waist circumference (WC) as a measure of abdominal fat has limited sensitivity and specificity. What this study adds Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) as measured by echocardiography represents a simple and reliable marker of visceral adiposity. In children, both body mass index and EAT show a similar or better correlation with markers of cardiometabolic risk than does waist circumference. Background Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is the visceral fat deposit around the heart and is commonly increased in obese subjects. EAT is related to cardiometabolic risk factors and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in adults, but this relationship is not well known in children. Objectives Echocardiographic assessment of EAT and its association with cardiometabolic risk factors in overweight and obese children. Study groups and methods In 25 (mean age 13.0-‰±-‰2.3) overweight and obese subjects and 24 lean controls, blood pressure (BP), WC, fasting plasma glucose and insulin, lipids, uric acid and hepatic enzymes were measured. EAT thickness was measured by transthoracic echocardiography. Results In overweight and obese subjects, EAT was significantly higher compared to normal weight children. Overweight and obese children had significantly higher body mass index (BMI), WC, BP, triglycerides (TAG), low-density lipoprotein and total cholesterol, hepatic enzymes alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and γ-glutamyl transferase, and lower high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C). EAT correlated significantly with BP, TAG, uric acid, HDL-C, apoprotein B and ALT. Correlation coefficients were similar or better than for WC, but similar or lower than for BMI. Conclusion EAT thickness in children is associated with an unfavourable cardiometabolic risk profile including biochemical signs of NAFLD and hyperuricaemia, but is not a stronger indicator than BMI. © 2012 The Authors.
Leskova V.,University of Veterinary Medicine in Kosice
Acta virologica | Year: 2013
In this study, a major part of genome of the pestivirus isolate 297 from Slovakia, comprising the 7195 nt-long 5'-UTR-NS3 region was sequenced and analyzed. Conserved cleavage sites between individual viral proteins of this region were determined and the number of amino acids of respective proteins was estimated as follows: 168 for Npro, 100 for C, 227 for Erns, 195 for E1, 373 for E2, 70 for p7, 453 for NS2, and 683 for NS3. Based on sequence and phylogenetic analysis of 5'-UTR, Npro, and E2 the isolate 297 was characterized as a border disease virus of genotype 3. It was found to be distinct from other BDV-3 strains analyzed so far, consequently forming a distinct branch within the phylogenetic clade. All these data expand a relatively limited knowledge of genetic properties of individual BDV genotypes and strains circulating in the Central Europe.
Petrovova E.,University of Veterinary Medicine in Kosice
Journal of environmental science and health. Part. B, Pesticides, food contaminants, and agricultural wastes | Year: 2010
Various pesticides have immuno-suppressive effects, and thus the organisms become responsive to viral, bacterial and parasitic diseases and neoplasm. The aim of the study was to observe the structure of the small intestine (height of enterocytes and crypts), mucosal lymphoid tissue (Payer's patches, lymphocytes in lamina propria) and a lymph node after administration of bendiocarb (2,2-dimethyl-1,3-benzodioxol-4-yl-methylcarbamate) on days 3, 10, 20, 30 and 60 of the experiment. The height of the observed enterocytes showed an increasing tendency. On days 20, 30 and 60 we also observed an increase in diameter of crypts located in intestinal epithelium. The number of cells in lamina propria mucosae was significantly reduced on days 20 and 30 after administration of bendiocarb. Observations of the lymph node showed that on days 10 and 20 there was a significant increase in relative volume of medulla at the expense of the relative volume of the cortex and a decrease in the number of lymphocytes. However, we recorded an increase in diameter of lymphocytes. The intracellular parasite Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) belongs to the most common pathogenic parasites in the world and it can cause serious health complications in pregnant and immunodeficient individuals. DNA isolation, standard polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and visualization in a 2.5 % agarose gel, the presence of DNA T. gondii was detected in no examined rabbit brain samples. Using real time PCR T. gondii DNA was detected and quantified in the three rabbit brain samples (10 %).
Hurnikova Z.,Slovak Academy of Sciences |
Hurnikova Z.,University of Veterinary Medicine in Kosice |
Miterpakova M.,Slovak Academy of Sciences |
Mandelik R.,University of Veterinary Medicine in Kosice
Parasitology Research | Year: 2013
Angiostrongylus vasorum is a metastrongyloid nematode that may cause cardiopulmonary disease, neurological signs and coagulopathies in dogs. The parasite has an indirect life cycle with molluscs as intermediate hosts, in which the infective third larval stage develops. Recently, A. vasorum has been repeatedly reported in dogs outside the endemic areas, indicating that this parasite is widely distributed over Europe. This is the first record of an autochthonous infection in a dog from Slovakia that was casually diagnosed during routine preventive parasitological examination. A. vasorum first-stage larvae were recovered using the Baermann technique and identified by length and characteristic tail morphology. The animal originated from Slovakia and had not travelled abroad. The dog had been regularly walked on grass fields with a concentrated presence of common species of Gastropoda and frogs. The owner reported that the dog had been licking and eating grass and it had shown curiosity for molluscs and frogs. The first finding of A. vasorum-infected dog in Slovakia has confirmed that the parasite is spreading beyond the traditional hyperendemic foci, which accentuates the need for monitoring and increasing of disease awareness in primary care clinical practice. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
Valencakova A.,University of Veterinary Medicine in Kosice |
Halanova M.,University of P.J. Šafarik
Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases | Year: 2012
The microsporidia are emerging agents of infectious disease in both immunocompromised and immunocompetent mammals. Recently, there has been an increased interest in studying the immunobiology of microsporidiosis. This paper discusses the humoral and cell-mediated immune responses to Encephalitozoon spp. The T-cell-mediated responses appear to be most important in conferring resistance. This has become evident by the lethal effects of microsporidiosis in T-cell-deficient hosts. However, much still needs to be learned about the immunobiology of microsporidiosis regarding the specific T-cell responses and the cytokines that provide protective immunity and facilitate the macrophage-mediated killing of microsporidia. Such information will become important in developing immunotherapeutic strategies to control microsporidiosis in the future. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.