Vechta, Germany

University of Vechta
Vechta, Germany

The University of Vechta is a small university in northwestern Germany, in the town of Vechta in Lower Saxony. Its study programmes concentrate on teacher training, social science, social work, gerontology and psychology .The University has about 3,300 students . Wikipedia.

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The income provision of pension systems is of high relevance on the regional level. Especially the purchasing power in East-German communities highly depends on pensions of the GRV. Due to the regional differences the communities are differently affected by the direct and indirect effects of pension systems. For example, the reduction of the pension level may cause a rise in the differences in economic well-being between regions.

Rosen J.B.,University of Vechta | Brand M.,University of Duisburg - Essen | Brand M.,Erwin L Hahn Institute For Magnetic Resonance Imaging | Kalbe E.,University of Vechta | Kalbe E.,University of Cologne
Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience | Year: 2016

Moral decision making involves affective and cognitive functions like emotional empathy, reasoning and cognitive empathy/theory of mind (ToM), which are discussed to be subject to age-related alterations. Additionally, sex differences in moral decision making have been reported. However, age-related changes in moral decision making from early to late adulthood and their relation to sex and neuropsychological functions have not been studied yet. One hundred ninety seven participants (122 female), aged 19–86 years, were tested with a moral decision making task comprising forced choice “everyday life” situations in which an altruistic option that favors a socially accepted alternative had to be considered against an egoistic option that favors personal benefit over social interests. The percentage of altruistic decisions was analyzed. A structural equation model (SEM) was calculated to test the hypothesis whether age and sex predict altruistic moral decision, and whether relevant neuropsychological domains mediate these hypothesized relationships. A significant relationship between age and moral decision making was found indicating more frequent altruistic decisions with increasing age. Furthermore, women decided more altruistically than men. The SEM showed that both age and sex are significant predictors of altruistic moral decision making, mediated by emotional empathy but not by reasoning. No cognitive empathy and ToM scores were correlated to age and moral decision making at the same time and thus were not included in the SEM. Our data suggest that increasing age and female sex have an effect on altruistic moral decisions, but that this effect is fully mediated by emotional empathy. The fact that changes of moral decision making with age are mediated by emotional empathy can be interpreted in the light of the so-called “positivity effect” and increasing avoidance of negative affect in aging. The mediated sex effect might represent both biological aspects and socialized sex roles for higher emotional empathy leading to more altruistic decisions. © 2016 Rosen, Brand and Kalbe.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: SEAC-2-2014 | Award Amount: 1.50M | Year: 2015

The Enhancing Responsible Research and Innovation through Curricula in Higher Education (EnRRICH) project will build the capacity of staff in higher education to facilitate their students development of knowledge, skills and attitudes and competencies in responsible research and innovation, and respond to the research needs of society, particularly underserved civil society organisations (CSOs). It will do this by identifying, developing, testing, and disseminating resources, based on existing good practice and trials of new initiatives, to embed the five RRI keys in academic curricula across Europe, with specific reference to science and engineering. It will develop case studies which showcase examples for students, teachers, professional trainers and academic staff of HEIs. Through ongoing dialogue with academics, policymakers, and CSOs, EnRRICH will kick start debates at institutional, national and international levels to create awareness of, and enhance the policy context for, RRI in curricula and thereby produce more responsible and responsive graduates and researchers. These objectives will be achieved building on the Public Engagement with Research and Research Engagement with Society (PERARES) and RRI Tools projects. It will involve new partners as well as a core of established partners drawn from HEIs and CSOs, including from RRI tools. It will establish an advisory board drawn from relevant organisations to ensure the widest possible engagement and dissemination. Work packages will deal with project management, state of the art of good practices in introducing RRI into curriculum development, exchange and trialling of good practices at national, international and transdisciplinary levels, policy development, evaluation, dissemination and a conference. Deliverables will include case studies and policy papers, and materials and resources for academic staff to involve students in experiential learning about RRI, including projects in partnership with CSOs

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SSH-2007-3.1-01 | Award Amount: 1.98M | Year: 2008

The dejuvenation and ageing of Europes population puts society for some major challenges. The development towards a knowledge-based society requires continues investment in new knowledge and skills. Given the ageing of the population and low fertility rates it also requires high(er) participation rates of females and people over fifty. So far, employers and governments policies have focused on human capital investments for the younger age categories and have stimulated older workers to retire at a relatively early age, in stead of investing in sustainable workers throughout the life course. This proposal aims for an ambitious, exhaustive examination of the forces and mechanisms behind employers and governments behaviour and the resulting societal arrangements. To that aim it will use large-scale surveys for the analyses of employers behaviour and desk research and interviews to map government behaviour. Statistical and focus group analyses will be used to get insight in the participation and activity rates of people between 50 to 70. Next, the project tries to identify good practices at the company level and at the level of (national or local) government policies that contribute to continuous investment in knowledge and skills throughout the life course, resulting in high activity rates for people between 50 and 70.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: SiS.2013.2.1.1-1 | Award Amount: 3.93M | Year: 2014

EGERA brings together eight research and higher education institutions in seven EU member states (Belgium, the Czech Republic, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Portugal and Spain) \ Turkey, bound by a same commitment to the dual objective of achieving gender equality in research, and strengthening the gender dimension in research. Made up of five universities covering an ample array of disciplines, from social sciences to STEM, a research centre on climate change belonging to the Czech Academy of Science, an independent evaluation structure specialized in the design and monitoring of gender equality plans, EGERA is coordinated by Sciences Po, a leading institution in social sciences in Europe. With view to bring about sustainable and measurable cultural and organizational changes to promote gender equality, EGERA has secured the full support of the top management structures of its respective partner institutions. Fully-fledged Gender Equality Action Plans (GEAPs) will be implemented and continuously enhanced along this four-yearlong project by the seven implementing partners. GEAPs will articulate a structural understanding of gender inequalities and bias in research with a set of actions covering the most salient issues with respect to the recruitment, retention, appraisal and empowerment of women in research, and to the mainstreaming of gender knowledge across disciplinary fields. Drawing upon innovative methods, of which some have been experimented and evaluated under previous/on-going FP7 projects, our cumulative and inclusive approach will notably support the operationalization of structural changes with both an intensive and extensive use of gender training, as an instrument for effective gender mainstreaming strategies. Mobilizing considerable gender expertise and relying upon multi-level women in science policy networks, EGERA will also put efforts into the dissemination of its outputs and achievements across the European Research Area.

Tamasy C.,University of Vechta
Applied Geography | Year: 2013

The ideal of the intensification of agriculture has vanished in developed market economies as the outcomes of conventional production have caused growing environmental problems, in particular in areas with a high concentration of livestock. There is also a growing concern notable about animal welfare issues, accompanied by the belief that agricultural production needs to move away from an conventional agriculture towards one that is loosely defined as 'alternative'. This paper uses the concept of multifunctionality as a lens for describing and explaining the nature of rural change in Germany. I argue that the case study example of the Oldenburger Münsterland illustrates that multifunctionality rates weakly as agricultural practice in production systems dominated by a conventional food regime and - hence - a transition towards diversity and resilience has to occur within conventional agriculture. In spite of the popularity of the idea that areas of intensive livestock farming might have been gradually transformed into emerging alternative economic spaces, the principle of coexistence between 'productivist' and 'non-productivist' practices poses major challenges. In particular the scarcity of agricultural land hinders the transition into 'alternative' food futures in the Oldenburger Münsterland, while the doubts about conventional agriculture and the industrialized food industry rise in an unprecedented way in German society. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

Theobald H.,University of Vechta
Health and Social Care in the Community | Year: 2012

With the introduction of long-term care insurance (LTCI) in 1995/96, Germany established a universal long-term care scheme within a cost containment framework to provide public support in defined situations of care dependency. The scheme aimed to promote ageing in place with an emphasis on public support for family care provision as a precondition. A further aim was the expansion of market-oriented professional care services to offer users a choice between family and professional care provision and care providers. The focus of this study is on the interplay of formal and informal family care provision within the institutional framework of LTCI, as well as the organisation, regulations and mix of different types of formal care services. In a first step, an examination of the interplay of formal and informal care provision shows the largely family-oriented care strategy, the burdened situation of informal carers, the mix of rationalities of service use and their interrelationship with socioeconomic inequality. In a second step, an analysis of the organisation of different types of formal services reveals paid care provision that emerges in the interplay of politicians' strategies to develop professional care services within the framework of LTCI, bottom-up strategies of users to increase the range of services outside the framework of LTCI and efforts of politicians to regulate the latter. Basic orientations of care provision underlying the development process such as user orientation, quality and comprehensiveness guided the process and are used to analyse the development. Finally, the discussion of the situation of care workers reveals a contradictory picture with increasing employment opportunities, a comparably well-qualified workforce and worsening employment conditions. Empirically, the research is based on an institutional analysis of LTCI combined with a literature review and representative statistics. © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

The introduction of school inspection as an instrument of a new model of control is accompanied by the hope that, through an increase in quality, a better school might be achieved. Based on a systematic comparison of the available empirical data on the inspection procedures employed in England, the Netherlands, and Germany, the contribution examines whether this hope for efficiency is actually being realized. Thus, the analysis takes into account the contexts of three countries differing in their philosophy of control and in their procedures of inspection. The article ends on the assumption - formulated as working hypothesis - that a philosophy of control less strongly oriented by competition and methods of inspection primarily directed towards the aim of initiating and supporting the development of quality in schooling lead to positive effects of control.

In gerontology and public discourse, old age is often described as a double reality-the potentials and resources of older people contrast with the deficits and burdens of the oldest old. The polarisation into a desired higher age and a feared old age mirrors society's treatment of age and ageing: everybody wants to get old, but nobody wants to be old. Very old age in a young-old society is defined as the "other" that deviates from the ideals of activity, productivity and youthfulness and thus acts as a cultural anti-model. Whereas higher age is conceived as the fulfilment of middle age, "real" age begins with high age. Based on a multilevel model of the social construction of age categories, this article depicts the institutional, cultural, interactive and individual production of the "oldest old". © 2012 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Schmidt G.,University of Vechta | Schroder W.,University of Vechta
Ecological Indicators | Year: 2011

The joint research project "Generic detection and extrapolation of genetically modified oilseed rape dispersal (GenEERA)" aimed at estimating the dispersal and persistence of genetically modified (GM) oilseed rape (Brassica napus) in a larger region by combining a small-scale individual-based model and an up-scaling approach, for which various data sources had to be evaluated to deal with local processes and spatial heterogeneities on the regional scale. The objective of the article at hand is to give a detailed account of the spatial variability of climate in Northern Germany (German Federal States of Brandenburg, Lower Saxony and Bremen, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Schleswig-Holstein and Hamburg). Based on this, a method was developed that includes both, the determination of representative oilseed rape fields for modelling the dispersal of GM oilseed rape at field scale, and the subsequent generalisation of the results to the landscape level on a regional scale. Accordingly, land characteristics which could be important for the dispersal and persistence of oilseed rape were regionalised within a GIS environment: The beginning of flowering was modelled by variogram analysis and kriging estimation and was used to select satellite images for the detection of rape fields and to determine the period for the individual based modelling. The monthly means (1961-1990) of precipitation (P), air temperature (T), and sunshine duration (S) were regionalised by WARD cluster analysis. The PTS-clusters were combined to four climatic regions which together with WARD clusters on wind speed and direction as well as with land use clusters (crop rotation and management), which were provided by other project partners, enabled to finally define eight regions with a maximum of internal homogeneity. A meteorological station was selected to represent each of these regions. The data on wind speed and direction (hourly means), precipitation, sunshine and air temperature (daily) measured at that location were provided for modelling growth, dispersal and persistence of genetically modified oilseed rape on selected fields on the local level. Linking each of the modelled sites with a map on ecoregions which integrates the spatial patterns of soils, elevation, vegetation and climate, the model results were considered by analogy reasoning to be valid for all those ecoregions which are represented by the modelling sites and, thus, could be spatially generalised. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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