Valencia, Spain

The Technical University of Valencia is a Spanish university located in Valencia, with a focus on science and technology. It was founded in 1968 as the Higher Polytechnic School of Valencia and became a university in 1971, but some of its schools are more than 100 years old. Wikipedia.

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Martinez-Capel F.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Garcia-Lopez L.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Beyer M.,Hanover
River Research and Applications | Year: 2017

The Zambezi-Chobe wetlands in Namibia are of great international importance for trans-boundary water management because of their remarkable ecological characteristics and the variety and magnitude of the ecosystem services provided. The main objective of this study is to establish the hydro-ecological baseline for the application of environmental flow regimes (EFR). The specific objectives are: (i) the assessment of environmental flow components (EFC) in the current near-natural hydrological conditions; (ii) the generation of future scenarios for climatic and socioeconomic changes; (iii) the estimation of the area–duration curves and estimated annual habitat during the inundation of the critical habitats for fisheries (mulapos), under the existing conditions and future scenarios; and (iv) to provide a framework for the future application of EFRs, based on hydrological and ecological processes. To make a sound analysis of the ecological implications, first we develop a conceptual framework of the linkages between the hydrological and biological processes concerning fish communities, because of the critical role of fisheries in the region. The EFCs in near-natural hydrological conditions provide the basis for developing interim EFRs in the region, within the framework of an adaptive management of water resources. The future scenarios indicate a mitigation of the flow variability; and, in the worst-case scenario, the reduction of the maximum flow and inundated area of the mulapos would result in a reduction of the estimated annual habitat of 22%. This means a reduction in the spawning habitats for quiet-water species, in the food resources for fry and juvenile fish and a consequent reduction in fish stocks. Furthermore, the habitat loss during low events is similar and greater under both scenarios, at ca. 35%. Here we corroborate that the EFCs and their variability may become the building blocks of flow-ecology models that lead to environmental flow recommendations, monitoring and research programmes and flow protection activities. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Dominguez-Gil B.,Polytechnic University of Valencia
Transplantation | Year: 2017

BACKGROUND: Intensive Care to facilitate Organ Donation (ICOD) may help to increase the donor pool. We describe the Spanish experience with ICOD. METHODS: ACCORD-Spain consisted of an audit of the donation pathway from patients dead as a result of a devastating brain injury (possible donors) in 68 hospitals during 11/1/2014-4/30/2015. We focused on possible donors whose family was interviewed to discuss organ donation once intensive care with a therapeutic purpose was deemed futile and brain death (BD) was a likely outcome. RESULTS: Of the 1970 possible donors in ACCORD-Spain, in 257 the family was interviewed once the decision had been made not to intubate/ventilate (n=105), with the patient under intubation/ventilation outside of the ICU (n=59), or with the patient intubated/ventilated within the ICU (n=93).Consent to ICOD was obtained in 174 cases. Consent was higher when the donor coordinator participated in the interview [OR 2.32; 95%CI 1.33-4.11; p=0.003]. 131 patients developed BD, of whom 117 transitioned to actual donation after BD. Of the 35 patients who did not develop BD, 2 transitioned to actual donation after circulatory death. 16 patients subject to ICOD were finally medically unsuitable organ donors.ICOD contributed to 24% of the 491 actual donors registered in ACCORD-Spain. CONCLUSIONS: Despite the complexity of the interview, the majority of families consent to ICOD. Estimating the probability of BD and assessing medical suitability are additional challenges of the practice. ICOD represents a clear opportunity to increase the donor pool and ensures organ donation is posed at every end-of-life care pathway. Copyright © 2017 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.

Acedo L.,Polytechnic University of Valencia
Astrophysics and Space Science | Year: 2017

The flyby anomaly is the unexpected variation of the asymptotic post-encounter velocity of a spacecraft with respect to the pre-encounter velocity as it performs a slingshot manoeuvre. This effect has been detected in, at least, six flybys of the Earth but it has not appeared in other recent flybys. In order to find a pattern in these, apparently contradictory, data several phenomenological formulas have been proposed but all have failed to predict a new result in agreement with the observations. In this paper we use a multivariate dimensional analysis approach to propose a fitting of the data in terms of the local parameters at perigee, as it would occur if this anomaly comes from an unknown fifth force with latitude dependence. Under this assumption, we estimate the range of this force around 300km. © 2017, Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.

Sempere J.M.,Polytechnic University of Valencia
Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics) | Year: 2017

In this work we propose new view of P systems by using the framework of Information Theory. Given a cell-like P system with communication and evolution rules, we analyze the amount of information that it holds as the result of symbol movements across the membranes. Under this approach, we propose new definitions and results related to the information of P systems and their entropy. In addition, we propose a new working manner for P systems based only in the entropy evolution during the computation time. © Springer International Publishing AG 2017.

Rivero-Crespo M.A.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Leyva-Perez A.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Corma A.,Polytechnic University of Valencia
Chemistry - A European Journal | Year: 2017

The Pt-catalyzed hydrosilylation of alkynes is the procedure of choice to obtain vinylsilanes, and is claimed to be the most relevant application of Pt in organic synthesis. More than half a century after its discovery, only β-vinylsilanes (anti-Markovnikov addition) are obtained with simple Pt catalysts, whereas α-vinylsilanes (Markovnikov addition) remain elusive compounds. Here the catalysis of the Markovnikov hydrosilylation of terminal alkynes by Pt3 clusters, in parts-per-million amounts, to give a wide variety of α-vinylsilanes in reasonable isolated yields and with turnover frequencies that can reach up to one million per hour is reported. Moreover, these α-vinylsilanes are reactive in well-stablished C−C bond-forming cascade reactions, in which the corresponding β-isomers are unreactive. Besides its efficiency and synthetic usefulness, this catalytic system is an excellent example of how the atom-by-atom aggregation of a catalytic metal leads to a different selectivity for a given reaction. © 2017 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim

VELAZQUEZ-MARTI B.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | CAZCO-LOGRONO C.,Technical University of the North, Ibarra
Experimental Agriculture | Year: 2017

The development of dendrometric methodologies could allow accurate estimation of variables associated with the crown, such as primary production (fruit and timber) and tree vigor. The aim of this work was to develop a suitable method to estimate woody biomass in plum trees (Prunus domestica L.) in Imbabura, Ecuador by using an adapted dendrometry. Form factors and regression models were defined for branch volume calculation. From this, the distribution of woody biomass in the crown tree was characterized in every stratum. Occupation Factor and regression models were obtained in order to calculate the biomass in the crown tree, which can be used to estimate the CO2 captured in its structure during its development. Regression models for calculation of whole volume of the tree and pruned biomass were directly obtained from crown diameter and crown height with R ajustated 2 of 0.74 and 0.81. The average moisture content of green material was 51%, and the average density of dry material was 0.66 ± 0.07 g cm−3. Proximate analysis of plum wood showed at 79.8 ± 9.2% volatiles and 2.1 ± 0.3% ash. Elemental analysis of the wood pointed to 46.5 ± 1.2% C, 6.1 ± 0.5% H, 46.3 ± 1.2% O, 0.6 ± 0.3% N, 0.06 ± 0.02% S and 0.02 ± 0.01% Cl. Cl, S and N contents are lower than the limits established by the standard EN 14691-part 4. With 46% of C, considering the relation 3.67 (44/12) between CO2 and C content, the CO2 sequestrated in the materials is 1.11 Mg m−3 wood material. Such method represents a tool to manage orchard resources and for assessing other parameters, such as raw materials for cultivation, fruit production, CO2 sink and waste materials (residual wood) used for energy or industry. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2017

Carbonell A.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Daros J.-A.,Polytechnic University of Valencia
Molecular Plant Pathology | Year: 2017

Artificial microRNAs (amiRNAs) and synthetic trans-acting small interfering RNAs (syn-tasiRNAs) are two classes of artificial small RNAs (sRNAs) engineered to silence endogenous transcripts as well as viral RNAs in plants. Here, we explore the possibility of using amiRNAs and syn-tasiRNAs to specifically interfere with infections by viroids, small (250-400-nucleotide) non-coding circular RNAs with compact secondary structure infecting a wide range of plant species. The combined use of recent high-throughput methods for artificial sRNA construct generation and the Potato spindle tuber viroid (PSTVd)-Nicotiana benthamiana pathosystem allowed for the simple and time-effective screening of multiple artificial sRNAs targeting sites distributed along PSTVd RNAs of (+) or (-) polarity. The majority of amiRNAs were highly active in agroinfiltrated leaves when co-expressed with an infectious PSTVd transcript, as were syn-tasiRNAs derived from a construct including the five most effective amiRNA sequences. A comparative analysis showed that the effects of the most effective amiRNA and of the syn-tasiRNAs were similar in agroinfiltrated leaves, as well as in upper non-agroinfiltrated leaves in which PSTVd accumulation was significantly delayed. These results suggest that amiRNAs and syn-tasiRNAs can be used effectively to control viroid infections in plants. © 2016 BSPP AND JOHN WILEY & SONS LTD.

Domenech E.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Martorell S.,Polytechnic University of Valencia
Food Control | Year: 2017

The concept of Food Safety Margin (FSM) was introduced in microbiological risk analysis as an alternative approach to risk characterization within the informed-risk decision-making process. Its aim was to verify compliance with food safety objectives by assessing the effects of uncertainties. This paper describes the fundamentals and develop a new formulation of safety margins to verify compliance with food safety goals in relation to exposure to non-genotoxic chemical hazards. Both classical and probabilistic metrics were used to compare a given exposure to an estimated daily intake (EDI) with a given safety goal, the acceptable daily intake (ADI). The safety margins of these metrics were assessed in the exposure of peaches to organophosphorus pesticides. The pesticides considered were Azinphos-methyl, Chlorpyrifos, Diazinon, Dimethoate, Methamidophos, Parathion-methyl and Phosmet. The concentrations were obtained from the USDA pesticide database. The study period included the 11 years in which peaches were analysed from 1994 to 2014. The results show the importance of using the effect of uncertainty instead of mean values for risk characterization and that not only safety margins increased during this period but also that uncertainty was reduced. In general, large safety margins were observed in the period studied and few situations were found in which exposure was outside the safety limits. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd

Acedo L.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Bel L.,Polytechnic University of Valencia
Astronomische Nachrichten | Year: 2017

Background: Data of six flybys, those of Galileo I, Galileo II, NEAR, Cassini, Rosetta, and Messenger were reported by Anderson et al. (2008). Four of them: Galileo I, NEAR, Rosetta, and Messenger gain Newtonian energy during the flyby transfer, while Galileo II and Cassini lose energy. In both cases this is a surprising anomaly since Newtonian forces originate from a potential and they are, therefore, conservative. Materials and Methods: We use a Whiteheadian theory of gravity to analyze the anomalies. Results: Here we show that the gravitational field of a rotating planet, as derived from this new model, introduces a nonconservative force that gives a partial, but in our opinion satisfactory, explanation of these anomalies. Conclusion: This model also suggests a correlation between the sign of the anomaly and the sign of the azimuthal velocity at perigee. © 2017 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim

Barrera D.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Madrigal J.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Sales S.,Polytechnic University of Valencia
Optics Letters | Year: 2017

We have inscribed a tilted fiber Bragg grating (TFBG) in selected cores of a multicore optical fiber. The presence of the TFBG permits to couple light from the incident-guided mode to the cladding modes and to the neighbor cores, and this interaction can be used for optical sensing. We measured different magnitudes: strain, curvature magnitude and direction, and external refractive index. The curvature results show a linear dependence of the maximum crosstalk with the curvature magnitude with a sensitivity of 2.5 dB/m-1 as the curvature magnitude increases and at the same time a wavelength shift of 70 pm/m-1. Changes in the external refractive index gradually vanish the cladding modes resonances and the crosstalk between the different cores, obtaining a reduction of the 90% of the optical spectra integral area for refractive indexes between 1.398 and 1.474. © 2017 Optical Society of America.

Gallego E.M.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Portilla M.T.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Paris C.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Leon-Escamilla A.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | And 3 more authors.
Science | Year: 2017

Unlike homogeneous catalysts that are often designed for particular reactions, zeolites are heterogeneous catalysts that are explored and optimized in a heuristic fashion. We present a methodology for synthesizing active and selective zeolites by using organic structure-directing agents that mimic the transition state (TS) of preestablished reactions to be catalyzed. In these zeolites, the pores and cavities could be generated approaching a molecular-recognition pattern. For disproportionation of toluene and isomerization of ethylbenzene into xylenes, the TSs are larger than the reaction products. Zeolite ITQ-27 showed high disproportionation activity, and ITQ-64 showed high selectivity for the desired para and ortho isomers. For the case of a product and TS of similar size, we synthesized a catalyst, MIT-1, for the isomerization of endo-dicyclopentane into adamantane. © 2017, American Association for the Advancement of Science. All rights reserved.

Rodenas J.,Polytechnic University of Valencia
Radiation Physics and Chemistry | Year: 2017

All materials exposed to some neutron flux can be activated independently of the kind of the neutron source. In this study, a nuclear reactor has been considered as neutron source. In particular, the activation of control rods in a BWR is studied to obtain the doses produced around the storage pool for irradiated fuel of the plant when control rods are withdrawn from the reactor and installed into this pool. It is very important to calculate these doses because they can affect to plant workers in the area. The MCNP code based on the Monte Carlo method has been applied to simulate activation reactions produced in the control rods inserted into the reactor. Obtained activities are introduced as input into another MC model to estimate doses produced by them. The comparison of simulation results with experimental measurements allows the validation of developed models. The developed MC models have been also applied to simulate the activation of other materials, such as components of a stainless steel sample introduced into a training reactors. These models, once validated, can be applied to other situations and materials where a neutron flux can be found, not only nuclear reactors. For instance, activation analysis with an Am-Be source, neutrography techniques in both medical applications and non-destructive analysis of materials, civil engineering applications using a Troxler, analysis of materials in decommissioning of nuclear power plants, etc. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd.

Gaona A.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Diaz U.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Corma A.,Polytechnic University of Valencia
Chemistry of Materials | Year: 2017

Novel bifunctional acid-base monolayered hybrid catalysts (MLHMs), based on associated individual (organo)aluminosilicate sheets with amino and sulfonic pending groups located in the interlayer space, have been successfully prepared by direct alkaline hydrothermal synthesis and evaluated in consecutive catalytic transformations. Different characterization techniques such as chemical and thermogravimetrical analyses, X-ray diffraction, TEM microscopy, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), temperature-programmed desorption of CO2 and NH3 (TPD), and textural measurements were used to show the physicochemical and structural nature of the materials, evidencing their effectiveness as functional acid, base, and acid-base catalysts for different one-pot two-step tandem reactions, which were performed in the presence of only one active and recoverable lamellar-type hybrid solid catalyst. © 2017 American Chemical Society.

Segura M.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Maroto C.,Polytechnic University of Valencia
Expert Systems with Applications | Year: 2017

Suppliers play a key role in supply chain management which involves evaluation for supplier selection problem, as well as other complex issues that companies should take into account. The purpose of this research is to develop and test an integrated system, which allows qualifying providers and also supplier segmentation by monitoring their performance based on a multiple criteria tool for systematic decision making. This proposal consists in a general procedure to assess suppliers based mainly on exploiting all reliable databases of the company. Firstly, for each group of products, their evaluation criteria are defined collaboratively in order to determine their critical and strategic performance, which are then integrated with other criteria that are specific of the suppliers and represent relevant aspects for the company, also classified by critical and strategic dimensions. Two multiple criteria methods, compensatory and non-compensatory, are used and compared so as to point out their strengths, weaknesses and flexibility for the supplier evaluation in different contexts, which are usually relevant in the supply chain management. A value function approach is the appropriate method to qualify providers to be included in the panel of approved suppliers of the company as this process depends only on own features of the supplier. On the other hand, outranking methods such as PROMETHEE have shown greater potential and robustness to develop portfolios with suppliers that should be partners of the company, as well as to identify other types of relationships, such as long term contracts, market policies or to highlight those to be removed from their portfolio. These results and conclusions are based on an empirical research in a multinational company for food, pharmaceuticals and chemicals. This system has shown a great impact as it represents the first supplier segmentation proposal applied to industry, in which decision making not only takes into account opinions and judgements, but also integrates historical data and expert knowledge. This approach provides a robust support system to inform operative, tactical and strategic decisions, which is very relevant when applying an advanced management in practice. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd

Segrelles J.D.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Martinez A.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Castilla N.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Molto G.,Polytechnic University of Valencia
Computers and Education | Year: 2017

The ODISEA platform provides Virtualized Computational Environments (VCEs) on cloud providers as the computational infrastructure to support educational activities. A VCE consists of a collection of one or more Virtual Machines (VMs) to which the students connect from their own computers. In this paper a case study is presented in the architecture domain where a PBL activity is carried out in working groups. The study involves 293 students organized in 28 pilot groups that use customized VCEs created and deployed through the ODISEA platform on a Cloud, and 30 traditional groups that use a LMS platform. The VCE provides the software, hardware and specific configuration to ease the interrelation and cooperative work between the working groups, enhancing the process tracking and feedback gathering as well as providing a better organization of the teaching material. The results demonstrate that the VCE allows to improve the cooperative work, improving the final marks in the PBL developed by the pilot working groups. Also, an economical study is presented, highlighting the economic benefits of the Cloud with respect to traditional physical laboratories of PCs. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd

Clemments A.M.,University of Vermont | Botella P.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Landry C.C.,University of Vermont
Journal of the American Chemical Society | Year: 2017

Exposure to biological fluid envelops a nanoparticle in layers of proteins and biomolecules, which has a profound impact on the nanoparticle’s biological fate. Although the identities and amounts of the proteins in this “corona” have been thoroughly examined, the spatial arrangement of the proteins is unclear, a problem that is compounded on porous nanoparticles due to penetration of proteins within the porous network. To address this problem, we have developed a procedure based on information derived from stochastic optical reconstruction microscopy. We employed a mathematical model to reveal the penetration depth of several proteins within porous nanoparticles. Understanding protein penetration depth provides an explanation for the composition of the protein corona, aiding in the development of safe and effective particle-based therapies. © 2017 American Chemical Society.

Morant M.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Llorente R.,Polytechnic University of Valencia
Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering | Year: 2017

In this work we propose and evaluate experimentally the performance of IEEE 802.11ac WLAN standard signals in radio-over-fiber (RoF) distributed-antenna systems based on multicore fiber (MCF) for in-building WLAN connectivity. The RoF performance of WLAN signals with different bandwidth is investigated considering up to IEEE 802.11ac maximum of 160 MHz per user. We evaluate experimentally the performance of WLAN signals employing different modulation and coding schemes achieving bitrates from 78 Mbps to 1404 Mbps per user in distances up to 300 m in a 4-core MCF. The performance of the wireless standard multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) processing algorithms included in WLAN signals applied to the RoF transmission in MCF optical systems is also evaluated. The impact on the quality of the signal from one of the cores in the MIMO processing is investigated and compared with the results achieved with single-input single-output (SISO) transmission in each core. We measured the error vector magnitude (EVM) and the OFDM data burst information of the received WLAN signals after RoF transmission for different distributed-antenna systems with uni- and bi-directional MCF communication. Finally, we compare the received EVM of a single-antenna system (SISO arrangement) with WLAN systems using two antennas (2×2 MIMO) and four antennas (4×4 MIMO). © 2017 COPYRIGHT SPIE.

Pastor O.,Polytechnic University of Valencia
Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics) | Year: 2017

A crucial success factor in information systems development is the alignment of the final software product with business goals, business semantics and business processes. Developers should be freed from programming concerns and be able to concentrate on these alignment problems. To assess that the right capabilities are used, sound Conceptual Modeling (CM) techniques within a Model-driven system development (MDD) must be applied in order to provide a structured and systematic approach to systems development, where developers can successfully use model transformation technologies to derive models of a lower abstraction level that can be further refined, even generating software code automatically. From the experience got with the use of advanced MDD platforms, this keynote will show how to use a Capability-driven Development (CDD) strategy in order to integrate business process modelling (BPM), requirements engineering (RE) and object-oriented conceptual modelling with the objective of leveraging MDD capabilities. The current state of the art on modelling methods and code generation tools will be discussed to explore different ways to match an information system with business requirements. Concrete principles, concepts and common practices of MDD will be presented with a special focus on model-driven requirements engineering, meaning by it how BPM and requirements models can be embedded in a complete CM-based software production process. © Springer International Publishing AG 2017.

Lahuerta-Zamora L.,CEU Cardenal Herrera University | Mellado-Romero A.M.,Polytechnic University of Valencia
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry | Year: 2017

A new system for continuous flow chemiluminescence detection, based on the use of a simple and low-priced lens-free digital camera (with complementary metal oxide semiconductor technology) as a detector, is proposed for the quantitative determination of paracetamol in commercial pharmaceutical formulations. Through the camera software, AVI video files of the chemiluminescence emission are captured and then, using friendly ImageJ public domain software (from National Institutes for Health), properly processed in order to extract the analytical information. The calibration graph was found to be linear over the range 0.01–0.10 mg L−1 and over the range 1.0–100.0 mg L−1 of paracetamol, the limit of detection being 10 μg L−1. No significative interferences were found. Paracetamol was determined in three different pharmaceutical formulations: Termalgin®, Efferalgan® and Gelocatil®. The obtained results compared well with those declared on the formulation label and with those obtained through the official analytical method of British Pharmacopoeia. [Figure not available: see fulltext.] © 2017 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg

Llorente R.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Morant M.,Polytechnic University of Valencia
Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering | Year: 2017

Multicore fiber (MCF) systems have been proposed for high capacity optical transmission applications ranging from the access network to long haul. In this paper we critically review the application of MCF-based systems in optical fronthaul technology with the simultaneous radio-over-fiber (RoF) transmission of 3GPP LTE-Advanced signals in downlink and uplink directions. The experimental study evaluates the quality of the received signals in terms of error vector magnitude (EVM) of the LTE-Advanced signal and of each channel frame according to the 3GPP wireless standard. The suitability of the 3GPP MIMO processing algorithms is also investigated experimentally evaluating two-antenna and four-antenna system configuration and compared with single-antenna (SISO) transmission in a 4-core MCF. © 2017 COPYRIGHT SPIE.

Contreras-Ochando L.,University of Strasbourg | Ferri C.,Polytechnic University of Valencia
IEEE International Conference on Data Mining Workshops, ICDMW | Year: 2017

Air pollution has been identified as a major source of health problems for people living in cities. In this sense, it is important to identify the areas of the city that present high levels of pollutants in order to avoid them. airVLC is an application for predicting and interpolating real-Time urban air pollution forecasts for the city of Valencia (Spain). We compare different regression models in order to predict the levels of four pollutants (NO, NO2, SO2, O3) in the six measurement stations of the city. Since wind is a key feature in the dispersion of the pollution, we study different techniques to incorporate this factor in the models. Finally, we are able to interpolate forecasts all around the city. For this goal, we propose a new interpolation method that takes wind direction into account, improving well-known methods like IDW or Kriging. By using these pollution estimates, we are able to generate real-Time pollution maps of the city of Valencia and publish them into a public website. © 2016 IEEE.

Pons P.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Jaen J.,Polytechnic University of Valencia
Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems - Proceedings | Year: 2016

There is growing interest in developing playful experiences for animals within the field of Animal-Computer Interaction (ACI). These digital games aim to improve animals' wellbeing and provide them with enriching activities. However, little research has been conducted to analyze the factors and stimuli that could lead animals to engage with a specific game. These factors could vary among different animal species, or even between individuals of the same species. Identifying the most appropriate artifacts to attract the attention of an animal species would help in the development of engaging playful activities for them. This paper describes early findings of an observational study on cats, which evaluated their interest in different kinds of technologically-based stimuli and interaction modalities. This study and further exploration of its results would inform the development of suitable and engaging playful experiences for cats. © 2016 Authors.

The system consists of four sensors that monitor different physical parameters of the driver and their position at the wheel. From these values, the system is able to generate a series of acoustic signals if it detects some risk, thus alerting the driver and avoiding a possible accident. As the researchers explain, fatigue has a wide range of symptoms: blurred vision and increased blink rate; anxiety and changes in the driver's behavior; increase in the number of movements needed to be comfortable on the seat; and, more importantly, an increase in the driver's reaction time to a certain dangerous situation on the road. "For this reason, it is important to have some system capable of detecting those symptoms to help increase the driver's safety. Now, most of the current solutions focus on eye movement and face detection, and our system goes further," says Jaime Lloret, researcher at the Polytechnic University of Valencia. The system devised by the researchers consists of an electronic board that acts as a central processing unit, two pressure sensors and another two that measure the driver's temperature, all of them located on the steering wheel, and by duplicate for monitoring both hands; a light sensor on the headrest that would detect possible snoozes when driving; and the buzzer that generates the acoustic alarm in case of detecting fatigue or distraction. All of this is complete with a collision sensor that detects collisions or sudden braking and a button to reset the system located on the steering wheel. "After triggering an alarm, the driver has to disable it by pressing the button," says Sandra Sendra, researcher from the University of Granada. The sensors are connected to the central electronic board, which receives data from the sensors every second, and it processes and analyzes them by an algorithm, to check if the collected values remain within the thresholds considered normal or safe. When any of these sensors exceeds said threshold values, the algorithm tries to define if it is a false alarm or if the sensors have registered a possible fatigue or distraction situation. In an affirmative case, the acoustic signal that alerts the driver is activated. Additionally, all data are stored on a micro-SD card for a possible post-processing task, in case of accidents or future studies. The system was presented at the 1st EAI International Conference on Future Intelligent Vehicular Technologies, held last September in Portugal. The work was also awarded as the best paper of the conference. Looking ahead, the researchers plan to incorporate a small GPS receiver to collect the position of the vehicle and a wireless module that allows to connect the system with the drivers' smartphones, so that, as a last resort, the system is able to make an emergency call. Explore further: Cadillac to make Super Cruise hands-free driving tech available in 2018 Cadillac CT6 More information: Low-Cost Vehicle Driver Assistance System for Fatigue and Distraction Detection. Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering, (2017), Vol.185, Pp. 69-79. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-51207-5_7

News Article | May 8, 2017

While building molecular machines, researchers stumbled upon a new method to detect ecstasy. The discovery can lead to more reliable drug tests. Researchers at the University of Southern Denmark, the Polytechnic University of Valencia and the Biomedical Research Networking Center in Bioengineering, Biomaterials & Nanomedicine (CIBER-BBN) in Spain have discovered a new technique to detect ecstasy that is extremely reliable and simple to use. According to the researchers, many of the testing methods used today often require advanced instruments that are expensive and/or only found in laboratories. Often, there is also a waiting time in connection with the test results. Furthermore, there is also the recurring issue that many methods trigger a false positive a little too often - i.e. showing that a person tested positive for ecstasy even though subsequent tests show otherwise. - It is our impression that a need exists for more reliable, user-friendly and cheaper tests. What makes our method stand out is that it can detect even small traces, said Jan O. Jeppesen, a chemistry professor at the University of Southern Denmark. His research colleagues, Ramón Martínez-Máñez and Félix Sancenón from the Polytechnic Univeristy of Valencia and the CIBER-BBN in Spain, also noted that their method had several advantages. - We have discovered that a certain molecular activity can detect even very small traces of the active compound in ecstasy, MDMA, with almost 100 percent certainty. This knowledge can be used to develop cheap testing kits that are easy to transport and not least use. The researchers' new method can detect a solution equivalent to 1 gram of MDMA in 1000 litres of water. They have recently published their findings and method in the Royal Society of Chemistry journal Chemical Communications. Jeppesen and his research team at the Department of Physics, Chemistry and Pharmacy at the University of Southern Denmark are working on understanding and building parts for molecular machines - near-unimaginably tiny machines propelled by the movement of molecules. It was during this work that they discovered the molecules' ability to detect MDMA. It is a research area that is attracting a great deal of attention from all over the world, and the 2016 Nobel Prize in Chemistry went to the chemists Jean-Pierre Sauvage, J. Fraser Stoddart and Bernard L. Feringa for their work on building machines on a molecular level. The opportunities that lie in the field of molecular machines are huge, according to Jeppesen. - The moment you let a molecular machine replace an electric machine, for example, you end up with a much smaller piece of machinery to operate. As a way of illustrating this, consider the following: If we assume that 6 billion people on Earth each possesses 10 computers in one shape or another, those computers will take up an enormous amount of space. If we could instead use molecules to replace all this computer technology, the molecular technology would only take up half a gram of weight. You start with a ball composed of atoms, which is simple to make. The ball is porous and filled with holes, meaning it can be filled up with smaller molecules. In this method, the ball is filled with molecules that are designed to light up if they are released from the holes. If there is no MDMA (methylenedioxymethamphetamine, the active ingredient in ecstasy) within range, the molecules cannot leave the ball. This is because a kind of arm is installed on the exterior of the ball that can open the ball's pores once it comes into contact with MDMA and keeps the molecules sealed in until that happens. When the ball 'opens up', so to speak, the luminescent molecules stream out and can be detected by a sensor. The ball only opens up once it comes into contact with MDMA, and it can detect even minuscule concentrations of MDMA.

News Article | May 5, 2017

Composed of a network of molecule-sized channels and pores, zeolites have been used for decades in catalysis, separations, ion exchange, and adsorption. Researchers would like to make chiral versions of these molecular sieves for separating mixtures of stereoisomers and carrying out chiral reactions. Yet making bulk samples of chiral zeolite crystals that are made entirely of one enantiomer has remained an elusive goal. A team of researchers led by Mark E. Davis of California Institute of Technology has now synthesized enantio-enriched batches of germanosilicate molecular sieves exhibiting R and S chirality. The team has used these materials to separate chiral molecules and as heterogeneous catalysts to mediate chiral reactions (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 2017, DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1704638114). To make the materials, Davis and coworkers used computational methods to design and evaluate organic structure-directing agents (OSDAs), which are used to guide the three-dimensional assembly of zeolite components. They synthesized enantiopure samples of a chosen OSDA, a ­bisimidazolium salt, and reacted each of its enantiomers separately with silicon- and germanium-based precursors. Then they removed the OSDA, leaving behind a germanosilicate chiral framework (shown). Confirming that each OSDA enantiomer indeed resulted in a molecular sieve of the predicted chirality required developing a novel electron crystallography technique. That aspect of the work, which was described in a paper published at the same time as the PNAS study, was led by Osamu Terasaki, an electron microscopist who holds positions at ShanghaiTech University and Stockholm University. The technique involves recording a series of diffraction patterns from a single crystal in an electron microscope as the crystal is tilted about a characteristic crystallographic axis (Nat. Mater. 2017, DOI: 10.1038/nmat4890). To demonstrate the chiral zeolites’ potential usefulness, the researchers used them to conduct catalytic epoxide ring-opening reactions. The R and S ­enantiomers of the molecular sieve yielded corresponding enantiospecific diol products. Synthesizing enantiomerically pure or enriched zeolites is a key scientific issue that can have important industrial applications, says Avelino Corma, a leading zeolite specialist at Polytechnic University of Valencia. “The authors unambiguously prove they have synthesized each enantiomeric form of the zeolite,” he says. Alexander Katz, a chirality specialist at the University of California, Berkeley, remarks that this is “a beautiful testament to the power of rational functional-materials design.” This type of chiral shape selectivity can, in principle, be combined with various forms of chirality to cause amplification in enantioselectivity of other adsorption and catalytic processes, he adds

News Article | May 8, 2017

Researchers at the University of Southern Denmark, the Polytechnic University of Valencia and the Biomedical Research Networking Center in Bioengineering, Biomaterials & Nanomedicine (CIBER-BBN) in Spain have discovered a new technique to detect ecstasy that is extremely reliable and simple to use. According to the researchers, many of the testing methods used today often require advanced instruments that are expensive and/or only found in laboratories. Often, there is also a waiting time in connection with the test results. Furthermore, there is also the recurring issue that many methods trigger a false positive a little too often - i.e. showing that a person tested positive for ecstasy even though subsequent tests show otherwise. - It is our impression that a need exists for more reliable, user-friendly and cheaper tests. What makes our method stand out is that it can detect even small traces, said Jan O. Jeppesen, a chemistry professor at the University of Southern Denmark. His research colleagues, Ramón Martínez-Máñez and Félix Sancenón from the Polytechnic Univeristy of Valencia and the CIBER-BBN in Spain, also noted that their method had several advantages. - We have discovered that a certain molecular activity can detect even very small traces of the active compound in ecstasy, MDMA, with almost 100 percent certainty. This knowledge can be used to develop cheap testing kits that are easy to transport and not least use. The researchers' new method can detect a solution equivalent to 1 gram of MDMA in 1000 litres of water. They have recently published their findings and method in the Royal Society of Chemistry journal Chemical Communications. Jeppesen and his research team at the Department of Physics, Chemistry and Pharmacy at the University of Southern Denmark are working on understanding and building parts for molecular machines - near-unimaginably tiny machines propelled by the movement of molecules. It was during this work that they discovered the molecules' ability to detect MDMA. It is a research area that is attracting a great deal of attention from all over the world, and the 2016 Nobel Prize in Chemistry went to the chemists Jean-Pierre Sauvage, J. Fraser Stoddart and Bernard L. Feringa for their work on building machines on a molecular level. The opportunities that lie in the field of molecular machines are huge, according to Jeppesen. - The moment you let a molecular machine replace an electric machine, for example, you end up with a much smaller piece of machinery to operate. As a way of illustrating this, consider the following: If we assume that 6 billion people on Earth each possesses 10 computers in one shape or another, those computers will take up an enormous amount of space. If we could instead use molecules to replace all this computer technology, the molecular technology would only take up half a gram of weight. You start with a ball composed of atoms, which is simple to make. The ball is porous and filled with holes, meaning it can be filled up with smaller molecules. In this method, the ball is filled with molecules that are designed to light up if they are released from the holes. If there is no MDMA (methylenedioxymethamphetamine, the active ingredient in ecstasy) within range, the molecules cannot leave the ball. This is because a kind of arm is installed on the exterior of the ball that can open the ball's pores once it comes into contact with MDMA and keeps the molecules sealed in until that happens. When the ball 'opens up', so to speak, the luminescent molecules stream out and can be detected by a sensor. The ball only opens up once it comes into contact with MDMA, and it can detect even minuscule concentrations of MDMA. Explore further: Video: Molecular machines: The 2016 Nobel Prize in Chemistry, explained More information: Beatriz Lozano-Torres et al, Pseudorotaxane capped mesoporous silica nanoparticles for 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) detection in water, Chem. Commun. (2017). DOI: 10.1039/C7CC00186J

Solis C.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Escolastico S.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Haugsrud R.,University of Oslo | Serra J.M.,Polytechnic University of Valencia
Journal of Physical Chemistry C | Year: 2011

The conduction properties of La5.5WO12-δ have been studied by using the electrochemical conductivity relaxation technique. Exchange and diffusion coefficients have been obtained from relaxation experiments including measurements of conductivity transients from (1) oxidation-reduction under dry and wet oxygen and (2) hydration-dehydration for both H2O-saturated and D2O-saturated oxygen at atmospheric pressure. The evolution of the total conductivity as a function of temperature, oxygen partial pressure, and the presence of H2O or D2O has moreover been characterized. The exchange coefficient for oxygen and water incorporation was calculated from the relaxation experiments. It was also possible to determine the coefficients for oxygen vacancy/oxygen ion (in dry and hydrated state) diffusion and for ambipolar diffusion of water. Oxygen vacancy/oxide ion diffusion is apparently not affected by the hydration state within the studied temperature range and water and oxygen partial pressures. The ambipolar water diffusion coefficient was significantly smaller than the one for the oxygen ion. © 2011 American Chemical Society.

Ferriol M.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Pichot C.,French National Institute for Agricultural Research | Lefevre F.,French National Institute for Agricultural Research
Heredity | Year: 2011

We investigated the variation and short-term evolution of the selfing rate and inbreeding depression (ID) across three generations within a cedar forest that was established from admixture ca 1860. The mean selfing rate was 9.5%, ranging from 0 to 48% among 20 seed trees (estimated from paternally inherited chloroplast DNA). We computed the probability of selfing for each seed and we investigated ID by comparing selfed and outcrossed seeds within progenies, thus avoiding maternal effects. In all progenies, the germination rate was high (88-100%) and seedling mortality was low (0-12%). The germination dynamics differed significantly between selfed and outcrossed seeds within progenies in the founder gene pool but not in the following generations. This transient effect of selfing could be attributed to epistatic interactions in the original admixture. Regarding the seedling growth traits, the ID was low but significant: 8 and 6% for height and diameter growth, respectively. These rates did not vary among generations, suggesting minor gene effects. At this early stage, outcrossed seedlings outcompeted their selfed relatives, but not necessarily other selfed seedlings from other progenies. Thus, purging these slightly deleterious genes may only occur through within-family selection. Processes that maintain a high level of genetic diversity for fitness-related traits among progenies also reduce the efficiency of purging this part of the genetic load. © 2011 Macmillan Publishers Limited All rights reserved.

Ge L.,Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation | Peng J.,Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation | Berbel A.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Madueno F.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Chen R.,Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation
Plant Physiology | Year: 2014

Plant leaves, simple or compound, initiate as peg-like structures from the peripheral zone of the shoot apical meristem, which requires class I KNOTTED-LIKE HOMEOBOXI (KNOXI) transcription factors to maintain its activity. The MYB domain protein encoded by the ASYMMETRIC LEAVES1/ROUGH SHEATH2/PHANTASTICA (ARP) gene, together with other factors, excludes KNOXI gene expression from incipient leaf primordia to initiate leaves and specify leaf adaxial identity. However, the regulatory relationship between ARP and KNOXI is more complex in compound-leafed species. Here, we investigated the role of ARP and KNOXI genes in compound leaf development in Medicago truncatula. We show that the M. truncatula phantastica mutant exhibited severe compound leaf defects, including curling and deep serration of leaf margins, shortened petioles, increased rachises, petioles acquiring motor organ characteristics, and ectopic development of petiolules. On the other hand, the M. truncatula brevipedicellus mutant did not exhibit visible compound leaf defects. Our analyses show that the altered petiole development requires ectopic expression of ELONGATED PETIOLULE1, which encodes a lateral organ boundary domain protein, and that the distal margin serration requires the auxin efflux protein M. truncatula PIN-FORMED10 in the M. truncatula phantastica mutant. © 2014 American Society of Plant Biologists. All Rights Reserved.

Bengoechea C.,University of Seville | Peinado I.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | McClements D.J.,University of Massachusetts Amherst
Food Hydrocolloids | Year: 2011

Lactoferrin is a globular protein from milk that has considerable potential as a functional ingredient in food, cosmetic and pharmaceutical applications. In this study, we examined the possibility of preparing food-grade bovine lactoferrin (bLf) nanoparticles using a simple thermal processing method. Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC), light scattering, and ζ-potential techniques were used to provide information about the conformational changes, aggregation, and electrical charge of bLf in aqueous solutions. DSC studies indicated that the protein had two thermal denaturation temperatures (61 and 93 °C), which were associated with two different lobes of the protein. Protein denaturation was found to be irreversible, which was attributed to the formation of protein nanoparticles, whose size depended on the temperature and duration of the thermal treatment. Higher holding temperatures produced faster protein aggregation and larger protein nanoparticles: 85 > 80 > 75 > 70 °C. The protein nanoparticles produced by thermal treatment were resistant to subsequent changes in pH (from 3 to 11) and to salt addition (0-200 mM NaCl). The lactoferrin nanoparticles produced in this study may be useful as function ingredients in commercial products. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.

Gimenez-Chornet V.,Polytechnic University of Valencia
International Journal of Information Management | Year: 2012

Web 2.0 has had an impact on library web sites making them more interactive with users, giving rise to the term Library 2.0. What is meant by Web 2.0 tools is generally understood but the degree of implementation of these tools in libraries is largely unknown. This study reports on the implementation of these tools in national libraries all over the world in order to give an objective measure of the impact of Web 2.0 on library web sites. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Cuquerella M.C.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Lhiaubet-Vallet V.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Cadet J.,CEA Grenoble | Miranda M.A.,Polytechnic University of Valencia
Accounts of Chemical Research | Year: 2012

Although the carcinogenic potential of ultraviolet radiation is well-known, UV light may interact with DNA by direct absorption or through photosensitization by endogenous or exogenous chromophores. These chromophores can extend the "active" fraction of the solar spectrum to the UVA region and beyond, which means that photosensitizers increase the probability of developing skin cancer upon exposure to sunlight. Therefore researchers would like to understand the mechanisms involved in photosensitized DNA damage both to anticipate possible photobiological risks and to design tailor-made photoprotection strategies. In this context, photosensitized DNA damage can occur through a variety of processes including electron transfer, hydrogen abstraction, triplet-triplet energy transfer, or generation of reactive oxygen species.In this Account, we have chosen benzophenone (BP) as a classical and paradigmatic chromophore to illustrate the different lesions that photosensitization may prompt in nucleosides, in oligonucleotides, or in DNA. Thus, we discuss in detail the accumulated mechanistic evidence of the BP-photosensitized reactions of DNA or its building blocks obtained by our group and others. We also include ketoprofen (KP), a BP-derivative that possesses a chiral center, to highlight the stereodifferentiation in the key photochemical events, revealed through the dynamics of the reactive triplet excited state (3KP*). Our results show that irradiation of the BP chromophore in the presence of DNA or its components leads to nucleobase oxidations, cyclobutane pyrimidine dimer formation, single strand breaks, DNA-protein cross-links, or abasic sites. We attribute the manifold photoreactivity of BP to its well established photophysical properties: (i) it absorbs UV light, up to 360 nm; (ii) its intersystem crossing quantum yield (φISC) is almost 1; (iii) the energy of its nπ* lowest triplet excited state (ET) is ca. 290 kJ mol-1; (iv) it produces singlet oxygen (1O2) with a quantum yield (φδ) of ca. 0.3.For electron transfer and singlet oxygen reactions, we focused on guanine, the nucleobase with the lowest oxidation potential. Among the possible oxidative processes, electron transfer predominates. Conversely, triplet-triplet energy transfer occurs mainly from 3BP* to thymine, the base with the lowest lying triplet state in DNA. This process results in the formation of cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers, but it also competes with the Paternò-Büchi reaction in nucleobases or nucleosides, giving rise to oxetanes as a result of crossed cycloadditions. Interestingly, we have found significant stereodifferentiation in the quenching of the KP triplet excited state by both 2′-deoxyguanosine and thymidine. Based on these results, this chromophore shows potential as a (chiral) probe for the investigation of electron and triplet energy transport in DNA. © 2012 American Chemical Society.

del Castillo J.M.,University of Seville | del Castillo J.M.,Polytechnic University of Valencia
Transportmetrica | Year: 2012

Three new models for the flow-density relationship are proposed in this work. The resulting flow-density curves are concave in the whole range of feasible values for the parameters. These models have four parameters, three of them being the jam density, the free-flow speed and the kinematic wave speed. The fourth parameter is a shape parameter. The models allow for a great flexibility for fitting of real traffic flow and density data. A remarkable property of these models is the fact that they yield a bilinear fundamental diagram when the shape parameter tends to infinity. The models have been tested with freeway data and urban data. The results demonstrate that the models achieve an excellent goodness of fit and yield realistic estimates of the parameters. The models proposed in this work are a valuable tool not only for fitting flow-density data but also for its use in traffic flow dynamic models. © 2012 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

Estrela T.,Jucar River Basin Authority of Spanish Ministry of Agriculture | Estrela T.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Vargas E.,Evaluacion de Recursos Naturales S.A. EVREN S.A.
Water Resources Management | Year: 2012

Water is a strategic resource for the economic, social and environmental development. However, water scarcity and droughts are current challenges to this growth, as it is reflected in European Union (EU) water policies, and in national and regional growing initiatives. In addition, these water related issues could worsen by climate change effects, adding pressure to already water stressed areas. This paper presents a general overview of drought management in the European Union, reviews scientific and technical advances, the status of implementation of policy tools and focuses on drought management plans. It analyses the specific case of Spain, a country characterised by presenting a high irregularity in temporal and spatial distribution of water resources and numerous areas affected by water scarcity and droughts. Details are presented on the National Drought Indicator System and drought management plans approved in 2007 in Spain, which represent strategic tools with positive results in drought warning and impact mitigation respectively. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.

Framinan J.M.,University of Seville | Ruiz R.,Polytechnic University of Valencia
International Journal of Production Research | Year: 2012

It has frequently been stated that there exists a gap between production scheduling theory and practice. In order to put theoretical findings into practice, advances in scheduling models and solution procedures should be embedded into a piece of software - a scheduling system - in companies. This results in a process that entails (1) determining its functional features, and (2) adopting a successful strategy for its development and deployment. In this paper we address the latter question and review the related literature in order to identify descriptions and recommendations of the main aspects to be taken into account when developing such systems. These issues are then discussed and classified, resulting in a set of guidelines that can help practitioners during the process of developing and deploying a scheduling system. In addition, identification of these issues can provide some insights to drive theoretical scheduling research towards those topics more in demand by practitioners, and thus help to close the aforementioned gap. © 2012 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

Elena S.F.,Institute Biologia Molecular Y Celular Of Plantas | Elena S.F.,Santa Fe Institute | Carrera J.,Institute Biologia Molecular Y Celular Of Plantas | Carrera J.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Rodrigo G.,Institute Biologia Molecular Y Celular Of Plantas
Current Opinion in Plant Biology | Year: 2011

Omic approaches to the analysis of plant-virus interactions are becoming increasingly popular. These types of data, in combination with models of interaction networks, will aid in revealing not only host components that are important for the virus life cycle, but also general patterns about the way in which different viruses manipulate host regulation of gene expression for their own benefit and possible mechanisms by which viruses evade host defenses. Here, we review studies identifying host genes regulated by viruses and discuss how these genes integrate in host regulatory and interaction networks, with a particular focus on the physical properties of these networks. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

Alfalla-Luque R.,University of Seville | Marin-Garcia J.A.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Medina-Lopez C.,University of Seville
International Journal of Production Economics | Year: 2015

This paper focuses on the interrelationships among the different dimensions of supply chain integration. Specifically, it examines the relationship between employee commitment and supply chain integration dimensions to explain several performance measures, such as flexibility, delivery, quality, inventory and customer satisfaction. Very little research has been conducted onto this topic, since employee commitment is rarely included as an antecedent of the effect of supply chain integration on performance. Seven research models have been analysed with Structural Equation Models using a multiple-informant international sample of 266 mid-to-large-size manufacturing plants. The findings suggest that the relationship between employee commitment and operational performance is fully mediated by supply chain integration. Employee commitment contributes to improving internal integration, and internal integration affects performance both directly and indirectly. Moreover, obtaining internal integration helps to achieve supplier and customer integration. As a result, companies should strive to achieve both employee commitment and internal integration, as they mutually reinforce each other. Similarly, managers should achieve internal integration before external integration and include external integration at the strategic level in order to reap the greatest advantages from supply chain integration. Meanwhile, managers should promote employee commitment not only for better supply chain success, but also to mitigate the barriers of supply chain management implementation. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.

Pullini D.,Centro Ricerche Fiat | Busquets-Mataix D.,Polytechnic University of Valencia
ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces | Year: 2011

Co/Cu-multilayer nanowires can be exploited to develop magnetoresistive sensors. One of the easiest methods for their production is filling nanoporous templates by pulsed-electrodeposition (PED) from a single bath. Multiple parameters effecting the growth of these nano-objects must be controlled to tailor their properties. In this study, the deposition efficiency of Co/Cu-multilayer nanowires produced in nanoporous-polymeric membranes is assessed, and the influence of the space confinement produced by the nanopores themselves on the continuous and pulsed-electrodeposition is evaluated. The growth dependence on some of the most significant process parameters has been investigated. It is shown here that, for each species, when depositing Co and Cu separately, a decrease of current efficiency is observed when the charge density is increased and the pore diameter is reduced; on the contrary, in the Co/Cu-PED, changing the degree of polarization for each deposition step of the different metals results in a sensible reduction of this effect. © 2011 American Chemical Society.

Vaya I.,French National Center for Scientific Research | Vaya I.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Gustavsson T.,French National Center for Scientific Research | Douki T.,CEA Grenoble | And 2 more authors.
Journal of the American Chemical Society | Year: 2012

Transfer of the electronic excitation energy in calf thymus DNA is studied by time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy. The fluorescence anisotropy, after an initial decay starting on the femtosecond time scale, dwindles down to ca. 0.1. The in-plane depolarized fluorescence decays are described by a stretched exponential law. Our observations are consistent with one-dimensional transfer mediated by charge-transfer excited states. © 2012 American Chemical Society.

Puerto J.,University of Seville | Perea F.,Polytechnic University of Valencia
Computers and Operations Research | Year: 2013

In this paper we show a new method for calculating the nucleolus by solving a unique minimization linear program with O(4n) constraints whose coefficients belong to {-1,0,1}. We discuss the need of having all these constraints and empirically prove that they can be reduced to O( kmax2n), where kmax is a positive integer comparable with the number of players. A computational experience shows the applicability of our method over (pseudo)random transferable utility cooperative games with up to 18 players. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

Rodriguez-Burruezo A.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Prohens J.,Polytechnic University of Valencia
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry | Year: 2010

Organic food is associated by the general public with improved nutritional properties, and this has led to increasing demand for organic vegetables. The effects of organic and conventional cultivation methods on dry matter, protein, minerals, and total phenolic content has been studied for two successive years in two landraces and one commercial hybrid of eggplant. In the first year, organically produced eggplants had higher mean contents (expressed on a fresh weight basis) of K (196 vs 171 mg 100 g-1), Ca (11.1 vs 8.7 mg 100 g-1), Mg (6.0 vs 4.6 mg 100 g-1), and total phenolics (49.8 vs 38.2 mg 100 g-1) than conventionally grown eggplants. In the second year, in which matched plots having a history of organic management were cultivated following organic or conventional fertilization practices, organically produced eggplants still had higher contents of K (272 vs 249 mg 100 g-1) and Mg (8.8 vs 7.6), as well as of Cu (0.079 vs 0.065 mg 100 g-1), than conventionally fertilized eggplants. Conventionally cultivated eggplants had a higher polyphenol oxidase activity than organically cultivated ones (3.19 vs 2.17 enzyme activity units), although no differences in browning were observed. Important differences in mineral concentrations between years were detected, which resulted in many correlations among mineral contents being significant. The first component of the principal component analysis separates the eggplants according to year, whereas the second component separates them according to the cultivation method (organic or conventional). Overall, the results show that organic management and fertilization have a positive effect on the accumulation of certain beneficial minerals and phenolic compounds in eggplant and that organically and conventionally produced eggplants might be distinguished according to their composition profiles. © 2010 American Chemical Society.

Tortajada-Genaro L.A.,Polytechnic University of Valencia
Atmospheric Environment | Year: 2012

The production of condensate compounds from the degradation of benzene by OH radical chemistry was studied. Secondary organic aerosol (SOA) formation was investigated in the EUPHORE (European Photoreactor) simulation chambers. Experiments were performed under different OH-production conditions - addition of H 2O 2, NO or HONO -, in a high-volume reactor, with natural light and in the absence of seed aerosols. The consumption of precursor/reagents, the formation of gas-phase and particulate-phase products and the temporal evolution of aerosol were monitored. Several aerosol physical properties - mass concentration, overall aerosol yield, particle size distribution and density - were determined and found to be clearly dependent on OH radical production and NO x concentrations. Furthermore, the use of one and/or two products gas-particle partitioning absorption models allowed us to determine the aerosol yield curves. The SOA yield ranged from 1.6 to 9.7 %, with higher SOA formation under low-NO x conditions. Chemical characterization of the SOA was carried out, determining multi-oxygenated condensed organic compounds by a method based on the gas chromatography-mass spectrometry technique. Several ring-retaining and ring-cleavage products were identified and quantified. The compounds with the highest percentage contribution to the total aerosol mass were 4-nitrobenzene-1,2-diol, butenedioic acid, succinic acid and trans-trans-muconic. In addition, a multigenerational study was performed comparing with the photo-oxidations of phenol and catechol. The results showed that although the mass concentration of SOA produced was different, the physical and chemical properties were quite similar. Finally, we suggest a general mechanism to describe how changes in benzene degradation pathways - rate of OH generation and concentration of NO x - could justify the variation in SOA production and properties. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP-SICA | Phase: KBBE-2009-1-4-05 | Award Amount: 2.64M | Year: 2010

The overall objective of the SUSTAINMED project is to examine and assess the impacts of EU and national agricultural, rural, environmental and trade policies in the Mediterranean Partner Countries (MPCs). Specific impacts include socio-economic structural changes, income distribution, resource management, trade liberalisation, poverty alleviation, employment and migrations trends, as well as commercial relations with major trade partners (in particular the EU) and competitiveness in international markets. The project will integrate a wide range of complementary methods and analytical tools including quantitative modelling, structured surveying, indicator building and qualitative data analysis, in order to provide (i) orders of magnitude of the impact in MPCs related to changes in important policy parameters, and (ii) qualitative insights into processes which will be important for the future welfare of MPCs but which cannot be fully captured by quantitative indicators. The project results will enable the EU Commission and relevant stakeholders to formulate realistic policies and action plans aimed at supporting sustainable agri-food systems, rural development programmes and capacity building in the Mediterranean region. The project outcomes will also contribute to improve collaboration and economic and commercial relations between the EU and target MPCs, in line with the stated goals of the Barcelona Process: Union for the Mediterranean. Furthermore, the project will provide relevant research to support the promotion of sustainable development to fulfilling the EUs commitment towards the United Nation Millennium Development Goals in the region. The project consortium brings together during three years recognised researchers from six EU Member countries, one Associate country and five Mediterranean Partner countries, with a strong scientific background and experience in Mediterranean policy, market and institutional analysis.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: SST.2008.1.1.4. | Award Amount: 25.04M | Year: 2010

The Project aims to develop new powertrain concepts able to give a substantial contribution to the achievement of a 50% CO2 reduction (based on 2005 figures) for passenger cars and light-duty vehicles for the new vehicle fleet in 2020. In particular, the research target on spark ignited (SI) engines powered vehicles is to achieve 40% lower CO2 emissions with respect to the 2005 values and 20% lower CO2 emission than the 2005 level for compression ignition (CI) engine powered vehicles. The objective includes also the target of near-zero emission levels (better than EURO 6) maintained during the useful life of the engines and keeping into account real life emissions, in line with the intention to amend the test procedures in emission legislation in view of real life emissions. Three different concepts will be investigated and implemented: - ultradownsizing gasoline engine integrating VVA, advanced turbocharging and Direct Injection; - two-stroke downsized diesel engine integrating HCCI and low temperature combustion modes; - combined combustion system based on Compression Ignited engine dedicated to new fuel formulation. Transversal supporting activities will be integrated for evaluating and assessing: advanced simulation methodologies for powertrain integration, advanced approaches for friction reduction (design solutions, coatings and surface treatments, lubricants), PEMS methodologies for real world emission analysis.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: BSG-SME | Phase: SME-2011-1 | Award Amount: 1.46M | Year: 2011

The use of embedded systems is nowadays spreading at an increasing speed, to all aspects of modern life as well as all phases of industrial production. Their use extends from everyday non-critical or soft real-time consumer electronics and telecommunications equipment, to highly critical automotive, railway, automation control and aerospace systems, which satisfy the most stringent real-time constraints. Regardless of the application criticality, however, the need for high integrity and high availability systems as well as for systems that handle their data in a secure way is common and solutions demanding. In order to follow these technology tendencies, there is a growing interest in enabling multiple critical applications to share a single processor and memory with non-critical and of different security level ones. Partitioned software architectures seem to be the future of secure systems. They have evolved to fulfill security and highly critical real-time systems requirements where predictability is an extremely important factor. The significant technological know-how and the high cost required for using virtualization technologies has prevented European SMEs which develop embedded systems, from adopting these advanced technologies and exploiting the competitive advantages of the existing virtualization solutions and especially secure partitioning techniques in their systems. The VOS4ES goal is to provide a highly extendible, open source virtualization layer and a set of supporting tools that will allow SMEs to have access to virtualization technologies at a low cost and with high flexibility concerning its adaptation to specific requirements as opposed to existing proprietary solutions.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2013.1.3 | Award Amount: 3.64M | Year: 2013

An enterprisess capabilities is one factor that often determines competitive advantage and provides business value. Capabilities refer to essential functions of the enterprise that link business goals to business processes, resources and actors. These capabilities are mapped onto IT solutions, such as software services, that are delivered to customers. Aligning an enterprises capabilities to its service provision is far from a straightforward task especially nowadays that the dominance and volatility of the Internet shifts the problem solving focus, from upfront predictable designs to identifying and capitalising on emerging and instantaneous business opportunities. Operating in the modern digital business world increases the importance of business agility, for example, in terms of customisation, availability and scalability. The requirement for modern information systems is to have the capability of delivering business value considering contextual variations such as, business models of the suppliers, user preferences and past activities, location, resource pricing and demand forecast, as well as local legislation and practices.\n\nThe main goal of the CaaS project is to bring about a shift from the service-oriented paradigm to a capability delivery paradigm. This puts particular focus on the context in which digital enterprises make their business, requiring customisation of the business offerings as the context of delivery changes. The CaaS project aims to facilitate configuration of business services and development of executable software to monitor the fitness of purpose of these services to evolving business contexts and where necessary to adjust these services according to the context. To this end, the CaaS project will deliver the Capability Driven Development (CDD) approach that will allow digital enterprises to exploit the notion of capability as a means of both designing for services and with services.\n\nThe CDD will be in the form of (1) modelling languages for representing enterprise designs, context models, and patterns, (2) a methodology for detailing how capabilities may be specified and how these may be used for designing new services, (3) reusable best practices and capability delivery patterns, (4) algorithms for dealing with business context awareness and service re-configuration, (5) a tool environment for modelling, design and delivery, and (6) a set of case studies demonstrating the applicability of the CDD.\n\nThe project is driven by three use cases from different business domains namely, energy, compliance, and e-government. These use cases act as the means of guiding the development of CDD, validating CDD and revising CDD in a project lifecycle involving three major iterations.\n\nIt is expected that on completion, the CaaS project will deliver results that will be theoretically sound and practically relevant with the potential for making a big impact on the delivery of software for the digital enterprise of tomorrow.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: ICT-26-2014 | Award Amount: 3.23M | Year: 2015

The SAPHELY project focuses on the development and the preclinical validation of a nanophotonic-based handheld point-of-care (POC) analysis device for its application to the minimally-invasive early diagnosis of diseases, with a focus in cancer. Disease identification will be based in the fast (<5 minutes), ultra-sensitive (sub-pM) and label-free detection of novel highly-specific microRNA (miRNA) biomarkers, using a small volume of whole blood (<100 L). This POC analysis device, which will have a low cost (envisaged cost < 3000), will significantly help in the implementation of mass screening programs, with the consequent impact on clinical management, reducing also costs of treatments, and increasing survival rates. The ultra-high sensitivity required for the direct detection of miRNA biomarkers present in the bloodstream will be achieved by using a novel sensing amplification technique. This technique is based in the use of molecular beacon capture probes with an attached high index nanoparticle, so that the hybridization events are translated into the displacement of these nanoparticles from the sensor surface. The use of this self-amplification technique avoids the use of complex PCR-based amplification methods or labelling processes, which are difficult to implement on-chip. The cost, size and weight reduction required for deploying an affordable handheld POC device will be achieved by using a novel power-based readout scheme for photonic bandgap sensing structures where the use of expensive, bulky and heavy tuneable lasers and spectrometers is avoided. Special attention will be paid within the SAPHELY project to explore the potential deployment and commercialisation of the analysis device, by means of the involvement of relevant academic and industrial partners, as well as end users.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2014-ETN | Award Amount: 3.87M | Year: 2015

The IMPRESS European Training Network will provide a new generation of researchers with the multidisciplinary skills and competences needed to oversee new stocking strategies for Europes most important and threatened freshwater fish species (Atlantic salmon, European eel and sturgeons) thus enabling conservation and growth in a sector of significant economic and societal importance. Freshwater fish populations bring many benefits to Europes citizens through leisure activities, and enhance rural employment through fishing and tourism. The species included in IMPRESS are sentinel species of clean, healthy freshwater ecosystems and of major historical, cultural and economic importance. Over-exploitation and anthropogenic activities have critically endangered wild populations of these fish groups, especially sturgeons. As the main flaw of past stock enhancement is high post-release mortality, the researcher training in IMPRESS will build upon recent scientific advances, especially in fish genomics and enriched hatchery techniques, to develop innovative production regimes resulting in increased survival rates of released fish. This paradigm shift in stock enhancement strategies will require changes at every level of the production cycle, from broodstock management and gamete quality to hatchery design. New in vitro and -omics technologies will be developed to solve current bottlenecks in the production cycle of sturgeons. IMPRESS will also verse young researchers on the social dimensions of this complex issue, including the need to foster closer dialogue with the important stakeholders responsible for national and regional stocking programmes. Further, through dissemination and public engagement, all IMPRESS fellows will work actively to increase public awareness on the importance of these key fish species to freshwater biodiversity, and on the major societal benefits of healthy fish populations, both for recreational activities and for supporting rural employment.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.3.5 | Award Amount: 10.64M | Year: 2012

In recent years it has become clear that mid-IR imaging spectroscopy has the potential to open a new chapter in bio-medical imaging and offers an effective tool for early cancer diagnosis and improved survival rates. Rather than a search for cancer marker absorption peaks, great progress has been made by analysing the entire bio-molecular mid-IR spectral signature using automated algorithms. However, the lack of suitable sources, detectors and components has restricted the technology to one of academic interest, based on weak thermal sources, low power lasers or synchrotron research tools.For the first time the photonic technology is in place to develop a new mid-IR technology platform on which entirely novel supercontinuum sources (c. 1000x brighter than thermal sources) covering the whole range from 1.5 to 12 m may be built:-Low loss robust chalcogenide fibres for fibre lasers, supercontinuum generation and delivery -Fibre end caps, splicing and fusion technology for soft glass fibres -Crystal technology and novel designs for mid-IR AO modulators based on calomel -Flexible fast AO driver technology to enable high speed HSI acquisition -Low cost T2SL FPA detectors with performance matching state-of-the-art MSL devices -2.9 m Er:ZBLAN and 4.5 m Pr-doped chalcogenide fibre laser pumps -Robust designs for a range of mid-IR SCG sources: a) 1.5-4.5 m from ZBLAN fibre b) 1.5-5.5 m from InF3 fibre c) 3-9 m from 2.9 m pumped PCF chalcogenide fibre d) 4-12 m from 4.5 m pumped step-index chalcogenide fibre.Two specific high impact applications will be addressed: high volume pathology screening (i.e. automated microscope-based examination of samples) and in vivo, remote, real-time skin surface examination (i.e. non-invasive investigation of suspected skin cancer).This project will open the mid-IR to further exploitation, and the technology developed will be transferable to a huge range of applications both in bio-photonics and in wider industry.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: PHC-26-2014 | Award Amount: 5.09M | Year: 2015

Cystic Fibrosis (CF) is a genetic disease with the higher incidence in Europe showing c.a. 5% mortality in childhood. The majority of patients suffer from lifelong pancreatic insufficiency leading to maldigestion of food and malabsorption and consequently with malnutrition and growth stunting. An accurate enzyme replacement arises as an early nutritional intervention able to provide better nutritional status and patients welfare from early stages avoiding complications associated to the development of the disease. By means of our innovative and portable ICT tool we will improve the socio-economic impact of the disease, promoting healthy lifestyle, intertwining patient empowerment, education and training with self-management and prevention of secondary CF-complications. The multidisciplinary and complementary approach of this co-developed integrative PROJECT guarantees the patients adherence to the treatment and the best outcome of the nutritional intervention mainly in childhood. The beneficiaries of the application comprise patients, care-givers, families and health professionals as well as health monitoring authorities. MyCyFAPP is tailored designed and will be clinically validated for CF self-management and monitoring becoming a competitive market product in Europe. This APP will have a key role as decision support system, boosting the growth and competitiveness of the participating SMEs in Europe which will ensure the commercial exploitation of the results, the market uptake and the MyCyFAPP distribution for the benefit of the patient.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA | Phase: INFRA-2007-1.2.3;INFRA-2007-1.2-03 | Award Amount: 5.11M | Year: 2008

EELA-2 aims to build, on the current EELA e-Infrastructure, a high capacity, production-quality, scalable Grid Facility providing round-the-clock, worldwide access to distributed computing, storage and network resources for a wide spectrum of applications from European and Latin American scientific communities. The project will provide an empowered Grid Facility with versatile services fulfilling application requirements and ensure the long-term sustainability of the e-Infrastructure beyond the term of the project. The specific EELA-2 objectives are: - Build a Grid Facility by: Expanding the current EELA e-Infrastructure to consist of more production sites mobilising more computing nodes and more storage space, at start of the project and to further grow storage over the duration of the project; Providing, in collaboration with related projects (e.g. EGEE), the full set of Grid Services needed by all types of scientific applications; Supporting applications various types (from classical off-line data processing up to control and data acquisition of scientific instruments), selected against well defined criteria (including grid added value, suitability for Grid deployment, outreach/potential impact); - Ensure the Grid Facility sustainability: Through the already established and new contacts with policy/decision makers, collaborating with RedCLARA and NRENs and supporting the ongoing creation of e-Science Initiatives and/or National Grid initiatives (NGI). Building the support of the e-Infrastructure to provide a complete set of Global Services from a Central Operation Centre and to pave the way for the creation of Regional Operation Centres in Latin America: Attracting new applications; Making available knowledge of EELA-2 Grid Facility to all potential users, developers, and decision makers through an extensive Training and Dissemination program; Creating knowledge repositories federated with the EGEE ones.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.1.1 | Award Amount: 4.48M | Year: 2010

FIVER project proposes and develops a novel integrated access network architecture employing only OFDM signals for the provision of quintuple play services (Internet, phone/voice, HDTV, wireless -WiMAX, UWB and LTE femtocell- and home security/control). FIVER architecture is completely integrated: The optical access FTTH, the in-home optical distribution network and the final radio link become part of the access network. This permits a streamlined network architecture avoiding most of the conversion stages and proving cost, space and energy savings.\nFIVER is a fully OFDM based network. This permits cost effective, fully centralised network architecture where the transmission impairment (both optical and radio) compensation and network management is done in only at the Central Office. No further compensation, regeneration or format conversion is required along the network giving a streamlined network architecture capable of handling future services of interest.\nFIVER services are fully converged: Both baseband (Gigabit-Ethernet provision) and standard wireless (WiMAX, UWB and LTE) radio-over-fibre signals are transmitted in radio-over-fibre through the FTTH, the in-building optical infrastructure and also the final user radio link. The use of full-standard wireless signals for optical and radio transmission gives two advantages: Fully standard receiver equipment can be used by the customer, and no ad hoc detection, re modulation or frequency conversion is required. All the transmission compensation algorithms, electro optical subsystems and network management are developed by FIVER consortium.\nFIVER architecture is future-proof. The project demonstrates HDTV service provision in the 60 GHz radio band at the last stage. Other wireless services operation in other bands can be included in the FIVER network architecture as long as they are OFDM.-based. This is due to the powerful transmission impairment compensation algorithms developed in the project.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: NMP-2007-2.3-1 | Award Amount: 11.09M | Year: 2008

The main driving idea of the project is the creation of conceptually new type of scaffolds able to be manipulated in situ by means of magnetic forces. This approach is expected to generate scaffolds with such characteristics as multiple use and possibly multipurpose delivery in order to repair large bone defects and ostheocondral lesions in the articular surface of the skeletal system. The major limitations of the scaffolds for bone and cartilage regeneration nowadays available in the market are related to the difficulties in controlling cell differentiation and angiogenesis processes and to obtain stable scaffold implantation in the pathological site. . . Several attempts have been performed over the last years in order to provide scaffolds for tissue engineering, but nowadays there is no way to grant that tissue regeneration take place in the pathological site. The provision in vivo of the scaffold with staminal cells or /and growth factors in order to drive the tissue differentiation process and parallel angiogenesis represents nowadays one of most challenging requests [Ref. Nanomedicine roadmap]. The Consortium aims to elaborate, investigate and fabricate new kind of scaffolds magnetic scaffolds (MagS) - characterized by strongly enhanced control and efficiency of the tissue regeneration and angiogenic processes. The magnetic moment of the scaffolds enables them with a fascinating possibility of being continuously controlled and reloaded from external supervising center with all needed scaffold materials and various active factors (AF). Such a magnetic scaffold can be imagined as a fixed station that offers a long-living assistance to the tissue engineering, providing thus a unique possibility to adjust the scaffold activity to the personal needs of the patient.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.6.3 | Award Amount: 3.79M | Year: 2008

The energy consumption in the operational phase of buildings is one of the major contributions to energy use in Europe. The improvement of energy efficiency only in the renewed stock (new and renovated buildings) is too slow considering the ambitious goal to improve the energy efficiency by 20 % before 2020.\nIntUBE will lead to increased life-cycle energy efficiency of the buildings without compromising the comfort or performance of the buildings by integrating the latest developments in ICT-field into Intelligent Building and Neighbourhood Management Systems (IBMS and NMS) and by presenting new ICT-enabled business models for energy-information related service provision.\nBy using the existing building stock more efficiently with the help of the new tools and business models developed in IntUBE, the potential to reach the goal is considerably increased. The solutions will also be applicable to new buildings.\nThe results of IntUBE will benefit many actors in the building sector like the owners, the users, the energy service providers, maintenance service providers, etc in form of well-performing buildings that use the natural resources (especially energy) optimally, resulting in less environmental effects and reduced life-cycle costs of energy.\nThe IntUBE consortium consists of universities, research centres and companies from Southern to Northern Europe. They all have established dissemination channels, and the SMEs of the consortium will be able to extensively exploit the results in their business.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-IRSES | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2009-IRSES | Award Amount: 673.20K | Year: 2010

The S2EuNet project is a joint initiative by four partner universities in Europe and nine partner universities in third countries in the form of staff and researcher exchange under the FP7/People/IRSES action. The main goal of this project is to strengthen research partnership among partner organizations and to elevate the scientific competence of the participating organizations in the fields of next generation mobile systems and wireless networks. More specifically, the project has the following objectives: to reinforce cooperation among partner organizations, not only between European partners and third-country partners, but also between European partners for the purpose of long-term research partnership, at the organizational level to investigate various aspects of emerging technologies in future wireless and mobile networks for the provision of reliable, security and high-performance IP-based multimedia services to enhance research quality and lift the scientific competence of the participating organizations through joint research activities to educate more and better qualified PhD candidates at the international level Following the principle of the MCA, a bottom-up approach has been adopted for both overall theme identification and research topic definition. The participating researchers in this project exceed sixty with over thirty faculty members and over thirty PhD students respectively, organized into six WPs. The duration of the project will be 48 months. It contains a researcher exchange scheme with a total number of 422 PMs, well balanced between outgoing visits from Europe (200 PMs) and incoming stays to Europe (222 PMs). The duration of each research stay varies from one month up to twelve months, depending on the role and the availability of the each individual researcher. The major joint activities planned in the project include 4 workshops, 2 summer schools, 20~40 guest lectures, 8~16 tutorials and PhD courses.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.4.2 | Award Amount: 4.49M | Year: 2011

Online educational repositories of video lectures are rapidly growing on the basis of increasingly available and standardised infrastructure. A well-known example of this is the VideoLectures web portal, a free and open access educational video lectures repository, and a major player in the development of the widely used Opencast Matterhorn platform for educational video management. As in other repositories, transcription and translation of video lectures in VideoLectures is needed to make them accessible to speakers of different languages and to people with disabilities. However, also as in other repositories, most lectures in VideoLectures are neither transcribed nor translated because of the lack of efficient solutions to obtain them at a reasonable level of accuracy. The aim of transLectures is to develop innovative, cost-effective solutions to produce accurate transcriptions and translations in VideoLectures, with generality across other Matterhorn-related repositories. Our starting hypothesis is that there is only a relatively small gap for the current technology on automatic speech recognition and machine translation to achieve accurate enough results in the kind of audiovisual object collections we are considering. To close this gap, TL will follow two main research lines. First, we will study how to better deal with object variability by massive adaptation of general-purpose models from available lecture-specific knowledge. Second, as we think that accurate enough results are unlikely to be obtained with fully automatic methods alone, we will explore how to better reach the desired levels of accuracy by intelligent interaction with users. On the other hand, it is our goal not end up with a system prototype that is only evaluated at the lab and can hardly be used in real-life settings. Instead, we will develop tools to work with Matterhorn, and thus we will be able to evaluate them in a real-life setting.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-IRSES | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2013-IRSES | Award Amount: 180.60K | Year: 2014

The factors affecting the establishment success of introduced populations (be them accidently introduced noxious species or purposely introduced beneficial species) are still poorly understood. Investigating these factors (demographic, genetic, and environmental) requires experimental approaches, in which factors can be manipulated and isolated. Biological control is a particularly appropriate model system to develop such approaches. Indeed, the establishment of populations introduced in the context of biological control, biological invasions and biological conservation involve the same evolutionary processes and differ only in that introduction can be either planned and beneficial or fortuitous and noxious. However, while experimental approaches are difficult or impossible to carry out with invasive or endangered species, biological control offers the exceptional opportunity to manipulate the characteristics of introduced populations and their conditions of introductions. This project aims at creating links between researchers aiming at investigating the factors affecting the establishment success and dynamics of introduced population, via the study of biological control programs. This project proposes to enable early-stage researchers (ESR) to travel within the consortium. During the secondment periods, the ESR will participate to collaborative research programs and transfer competences and know-how between teams having contrasted specialties (ranging from classical biological control to evolutionary and community ecology). This project will support the training of Early-Stage researchers and research projects having two main impacts: (1) academic impacts in Ecology and Evolution (about factors affecting the establishment and dynamics of introduced populations), and applied impacts in biological control (investigation of conditions favouring the success of biological control programs, of interest for both public and commercial sectors).

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: ENV.2008.;NMP-2008-1.2-2 | Award Amount: 2.67M | Year: 2009

This project aims at the preparation and testing of catalyst supported on structured reactors (ceramic and metallic honeycomb monoliths, metallic filters, carbon cloth) coated with nanocarbon materials (NCM), namely carbon nanofibers (CNF) and carbon nanotubes (CNT). This structured catalytic reactor will be used for catalytic water purification. Every partner responsible for testing the monoliths will focus on a different pollutant (Nitrates, organic matter) and catalytic process (hydrogenation, oxidation) depending on the particular expertise of every partner. The properties of monolithic reactor coated with NCM, e.g. thin catalyst layer and mesoporosity, enable the control of the diffusion path and enhance the diffusion of reactant to catalytic sites. The objective is to achieve, via the use of monoliths coated with NCM, an intensification of the catalytic process in terms of improved selectivity, robustness, stability and performance while reducing energy requirements and by-product generation with respect to the catalytic process using conventional reactors, as e.g. trickled bed or slurry

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: NOE | Phase: ICT-2007.1.1 | Award Amount: 20.70M | Year: 2008

Future networks became a central topic with a large debate whether moving towards the new networked society will be evolutionary or disruptive. In the future networked society the physical and the digital worlds will merge based on the massive usage of wireless sensor networks. Objects will be able to identify and locate themselves and to communicate through radio interfaces. Self-organized edge networks will become more and more common. Virtualization and programmability will allow for providing different networking environments over the same infrastructure. Autonomic networking will deal with the increasing complexity of IandC systems. End-users empowerment will increase with his capacity of providing services and content, as well as connectivity support.\nThis new environment forces the scientific community to develop new principles and methods to design/dimension/control/manage future multi-technology architectures. The new paradigms raise new challenging scientific and technological problems embedded in complex policy, governance, and worldwide standards issues. Dealing with the diversity of these scientific and socio-economic challenges requires the integration of a wide range of research capacities; a role that Euro-NF will fulfil.\nIndeed, Euro-NF extends, in scope and duration, the successful Euro-NGI/FGI NoE that has integrated the required critical mass on the networks of the future and is now a major worldwide player in this area. The consortium has evolved in order to have an optimal coverage of the new scope. Euro-NF will therefore cover the integration of a wide range of European research capacities, including researchers and research and dissemination activities. As such Euro-NF will continue to develop a prominent European center of excellence in Future networks design and engineering, acting as a Collective Intelligence Think Tank, representing a major support for the European Society leading towards a European leadership in this area.

PhoxTrot is a large-scale research effort focusing on high-performance, low-energy and cost and small-size optical interconnects across the different hierarchy levels in Data Center and High-Performance Computing Systems: on-board, board-to-board and rack-to-rack. PhoxTrot will tackle optical interconnects in a holistic way, synergizing the different fabrication platforms (CMOS electronics, Si-photonics, polymers, glass, III-Vs, plasmonics) in order to deploy the optimal mix&match technology and tailor this to each interconnect layer. PhoxTrot will follow a layered approach from near-term exploitable to more forward looking but of high expected gain activities. The main objectives of PhoxTrot include the deployment of:\n. generic building block technologies (transmitters, modulators, receivers, switches, optochips, multi- and single-mode optical PCBs, chip- and board-to-board connectors) that can be used for a broad range of applications, extending performance beyond Tb/s and reducing energy by more than 50%.\n. a unified integration/packaging methodology as a cost/energy-reduction factor for board-adaptable 3D SiP transceiver and router optochip fabrication.\n. the whole food-chain of low-cost and low-energy interconnect technologies concluding to 3 fully functional prototype systems: an >1Tb/s throughput optical PCB and >50% reduced energy requirements, a high-end >2Tb/s throughput optical backplane for board-to-board interconnection, and a 1.28Tb/s 16QAM Active Optical Cable that reduces power requirements by >70%.\nTo ensure high commercial impact after the end of PhoxTrot, all activities have been designed around current market roadmaps that will be updated during the course of the project and are led by industrial partners. PhoxTrot brings together the major European industrial and research players in the field. In so doing it will create a highly timely thrust and of unprecedented momentum in optical interconnects in Europe with worldwide impact.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-IAPP | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2012-IAPP | Award Amount: 2.67M | Year: 2013

Seen the societal and political demand for reduction of insecticide use in agriculture, the growth of biological control activities (crop protection methods relying on natural enemies) should be faster. In particular, the private sector of Biological Control Agent (BCA) production could access larger parts of the phytosanitary market. This slow private sector expansion can be explained by its limited R&D capacities and by the insufficient use of synergies with public research on the one side, and extension services or farm-advisors on the other. Based on the needs expressed by stake-holders, COLBICS proposes to stimulate and accompany the growth of 3 firms, via the creation of mixed private/public R&D teams, boosting the R&D capacities of the firms. The team work will allow technological innovation applied to BCA production and optimisation. Innovation will concern the research of new natural enemies, diagnostic tools and production methods reducing production costs and enhancing BCA performances, methods and tools supporting marketing strategies. COLBICS involves 6 participants (from Belgium, France, Spain and Chile) that will exchange staff to create 3 mixed R&D teams. Intense intersectoral transfer of knowledge is guaranteed by the execution of fully collaborative R&D work using the firms BCAs, and by specific staff training. Transferred knowledge is about macro-organism identification, engineering in live organism massive production (based on simple genetic and phenotypic analyses), evaluation of BCA efficiency and integration of these BCAs in agrosystems. Particular efforts are planned on the dissemination of generic innovation, together with abundant outreach activities promoting biological control. In addition to its generic innovation impact, COLBICS will impact the 3 firms involved: objectives of turnover increase over a 5 years period have been defined and range from 25% to 400%, depending on the size and socio-economic environment of the firm.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: ICT-06-2014 | Award Amount: 3.33M | Year: 2015

Never technology has penetrated so deeply and fast in society everyday life as Internet has done in the last decades and is expected to do in the future. The enormous flux of data transferred via wireless networks, increasing at exponential pace, makes todays state of the art networks soon outdated. Large parts of the society are deprived of adequate access to Internet due to the high costs, long deployment time of optical fibres and inadequate performance of wireless networks. This inequality will most likely pertain in the next years. Millimetre waves are the most promising solution to support the increasing data throughput and to be a credible fibre complement for the last miles. The TWEETHER aim is to realise the millimetre wave Point to multi Point segment to finally link fibre, and sub-6GHz distribution for a full three segment hybrid network, that is the most cost-effective architecture to reach mobile or fixed final individual client. The TWEETHER project responds to the call H2020-ICT6, to foster smart wireless network architecture for high capacity everywhere outdoor data distribution, in gigabit class, that other technologies cannot support, at low operating cost. High spectrum and energy efficient W-band (92-95GHz) technology will be developed. A powerful and compact transmission hub based on a novel traveling wave tube power amplifier with performance precluded to any other technology and an advanced chipset in a compact terminal will be realised. The TWEETHER system will be tested in a real operating environment. Integrated smart networks of backhaul for 4G and 5G small cells and of access for residential houses are the targeted market that benefits from the actual light regulation of W-band. A big company Thales Electron Devices, four SMEs, Bluwan, OMMIC, HFSE, Fibernova, and three top Universities, Lancaster, Goethe Frankfurt, Politecnica de Valencia, join their expertise to successfully tackle the formidable challenges of the TWEETHER project.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: EINFRA-9-2015 | Award Amount: 8.22M | Year: 2016

The overall objective of READ is to implement a Virtual Research Environment where archivists, humanities scholars, computer scientists and volunteers are collaborating with the ultimate goal of boosting research, innovation, development and usage of cutting edge technology for the automated recognition, transcription, indexing and enrichment of handwritten archival documents. This Virtual Research Environment will not be built from the ground up, but will benefit from research, tools, data and resources generated in multiple national and EU funded research and development projects and provide a basis for sustaining the network and the technology in the future. This ICT based e-infrastructure will address the Societal Challenge mentioned in Europe in a Changing World namely the transmission of European cultural heritage and the uses of the past as one of the core requirements of a reflective society. Based on research and innovation enabled by the READ Virtual Research Environment we will be able to explore and access hundreds of kilometres of archival documents via full-text search and therefore be able to open up one of the last hidden treasures of Europes rich cultural hertitage.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: FETOPEN-1-2014 | Award Amount: 3.03M | Year: 2016

Brain cancers such as glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) are practically incurable due to their location, invasiveness and highly aggressive nature. The use of light-based treatments of GBM by activating tumor-localized photosensitizers, such as in photodynamic therapy (PDT) has been clinically evaluated, but with limited success. This is mainly due to the limited penetration of light into tissue and the efficient spread of tumor cells typically up to at least 2 cm from the resection margin. Moreover, the existing photon based treatments (photodynamic therapy) are highly invasive and usually require open-cranium surgery, due to the need for external light sources. In the Lumiblast project the photons are produced inside the tumor cells in the form of chemiluminescence avoiding the major limitation of using external light to treat solid, deep-sited and inaccessible tumors. The principle utilized in Lumiblast may also be relevant for cancers of other origins. Due to its nature Lumiblast is expected to act on individual cells, rather than the collective lesion; it could thus completely eliminate the hitherto incurable GBM. Each GBM cell is expected to become a small lamp providing the light required for the photosensitive agents to become activated, killing the tumour cells from the inside. Lumiblast requires a concerted interdisciplinary action. The project coordinator (Bergs group, Oslo University Hospital, OUS) is world renowned in PDT and photomedicine, while the team from the University of Athens (Georgios Vougioukalakis group, UoA) is up and coming with high expertise in synthetic chemistry. The Polytechnic University of Valencia (Miguel Mirandas group, UPV) team is headed by a world leader in Photochemistry, the University of Oslo partner (Hanne H. Tnnensens group, UiO) is specialized in pharmaceutical formulation, and Knight Scientific Ltd (KSL, CEO Jan Knight) is an SME with an impressive track record in ROS-activated luminescence. This 4.5-year project will establish the Lumiblast breakthrough technology by providing proof-of-concept in extracellular systems, GBM cell cultures and animal models, with the vision to advance Lumiblast to the clinic 5-6 years after the end of the proposed project.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: LCE-05-2015 | Award Amount: 51.69M | Year: 2016

In order to unlock the full potential of Europes offshore resources, network infrastructure is urgently required, linking off-shore wind parks and on-shore grids in different countries. HVDC technology is envisaged but the deployment of meshed HVDC offshore grids is currently hindered by the high cost of converter technology, lack of experience with protection systems and fault clearance components and immature international regulations and financial instruments. PROMOTioN will overcome these barriers by development and demonstration of three key technologies, a regulatory and financial framework and an offshore grid deployment plan for 2020 and beyond. A first key technology is presented by Diode Rectifier offshore converter. This concept is ground breaking as it challenges the need for complex, bulky and expensive converters, reducing significantly investment and maintenance cost and increasing availability. A fully rated compact diode rectifier converter will be connected to an existing wind farm. The second key technology is an HVDC grid protection system which will be developed and demonstrated utilising multi-vendor methods within the full scale Multi-Terminal Test Environment. The multi-vendor approach will allow DC grid protection to become a plug-and-play solution. The third technology pathway will first time demonstrate performance of existing HVDC circuit breaker prototypes to provide confidence and demonstrate technology readiness of this crucial network component. The additional pathway will develop the international regulatory and financial framework, essential for funding, deployment and operation of meshed offshore HVDC grids. With 35 partners PROMOTioN is ambitious in its scope and advances crucial HVDC grid technologies from medium to high TRL. Consortium includes all major HVDC and wind turbine manufacturers, TSOs linked to the North Sea, offshore wind developers, leading academia and consulting companies.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2013.10.2 | Award Amount: 1.68M | Year: 2013

The EUBrazilCC project is a first step towards providing a user-centric, cross-Atlantic test bench for European & Brazilian research communities. EUBrazilCC is centred in practical scientific use cases, and it is built on a close collaboration among European & Brazilian excellence centres. EUBrazilCC will exploit & coordinate, in a 2 year project, existing heterogeneous e-Infrastructures (virtualized datacentres, supercomputers and opportunistic resources) with more than 5500 CPU and 17000 GPU cores.\nEUBrazilCC includes 3 multidisciplinary & highly complementary scenarios, covering Epidemiology, Health, Biodiversity, Natural Resources & Climate Change. All those scientific scenarios involve complex workflows & access to huge datasets. EUBrazilCC will leverage from the experience in Brazil & Europe for the federation of resources (JiT Cloud, OurGrid, CSGrid and InterCloud), programming environments & scientific gateways (mc2, COMPSs, eScienceCentral) & distributed scientific data access (parallel data analysis).\nFor the use cases, EUBrazilCC involves lead institutions, such as FIOCRUZ, world leader in Leishmaniasis; BSC, developer of the heart simulator Alya, which received an HPC Innovation Excellence Award; & CMCC, key node in the Earth System Grid Federation.\nEUBrazilCC defines a strong, networked dissemination to promote the infrastructure among new communities, leveraging from the networks of SINAPAD and Brazilian National Institutes of Science and Technology, LifeWatch-ESFRI & the European Network for Earth System Modelling.\nThe project incorporates a specific interoperability task involving Helix-Nebula initiative and EGI & it will exploit the opportunities in mobility for the cooperation among the partners, such as Science without borders. Finally, EUBrazilCC defines a focus on sustainability through dedicated tasks related to draw an exploitation plan for the platform & the 3 use cases whilst adhering to the adoption of international standards.

Among the various industrial minerals needed by the EU industry, perlite is highly important both from technological and economic point of view with many applications in Construction (ceiling tiles; mortars, as loose-fill insulation), Chemical industry (cryogenics, filter media for chemicals, food products, water purification) and in horticultural applications. Conventionally expanded perlite has a number of favourable properties (inert, fire resistant and incombustible, good sound and thermal insulation) but is also characterised by low strength, lack of durability, high porosity and easy deterioration that limit the range of its applications and affect the quality of conventional perlite based products. These unfavourable properties originate from the sponge-like open structure of expanded perlite granules, which results from the technology of the expansion process. However, with the application of innovative expansion techniques (indirect heating, microwave) it is possible to produce micro-sized perlite particles with spherical shape and closed structure (CSP), which have all the favourable properties of the conventionally expanded ones and also enhanced mechanical (strength, durability) and physical properties ( porosity, thermal conductivity). The objective of this proposal is the production of micro-sized closed structure perlite with the application of breakthrough perlite expansion technologies and the development of a new generation high added value end- products based on CSP, including preformed insulating products (panels, boards and bricks), mortars and functional fillers tailored for the Construction, Manufacturing and Chemical industry The new CSP-based end-products will present a good number of favourable properties as they will be lightweight, inert, non toxic, recyclable, of high strength, with improved insulating properties, incombustible, unchangeable over time under and of low cost highly attractive for the European consumer.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: GV-02-2016 | Award Amount: 5.99M | Year: 2016

The decrease of CO2 & particulates emissions is a main challenge of the automotive sector. European OEMs and automotive manufacturers need new long term technologies, still to be implemented by 2030. Currently, hybrid powertrains are considered as the main trend to achieve clean and efficient vehicles. EAGLE project is to improve energy efficiency of road transport vehicles by developing an ultra-lean Spark Ignition gasoline engine, adapted to future electrified powertrains. This new concept using a conventional engine architecture will demonstrate more than 50% peak brake thermal efficiency while reducing particulate and NOx emissions. It will also reach real driving Euro 6 values with no conformity factor. This innovative approach will consequently support the achievement of long term fleet targets of 50 g/km CO2 by providing affordable hybrid solution. EAGLE will tackle several challenges focusing on: Reducing engine thermal losses through a smart coating approach to lower volumetric specific heat capacity under 1.5 MJ/m3K Reaching ultra-lean combustion (lambda > 2) with very low particulate (down to 10 nm) emission by innovative hydrogen boosting Developing breakthrough ignition system for ultra-lean combustion Investigating a close loop combustion control for extreme lean limit stabilization Addressing and investigating NOx emissions reduction technologies based on a tailor made NOx storage catalyst and using H2 as a reducing agent for SCR. A strong engine modeling approach will allow to predict thermal and combustion performances to support development and assess engine performances prior to single and multi-cylinder test bench application. An interdisciplinary consortium made of nine partners from four different countries (France, Germany, Italy, Spain) will share its cutting-edge know-how in new combustion process, sensing, control, engine manufacturing, ignition system, simulation & modeling, advanced coating, as well as after-treatment systems.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: FOF-11-2016 | Award Amount: 7.76M | Year: 2016

The primary outcomes of vf-OS are an: - Open Operating System (vf-OS) and Software Development Kit (OAK) for Factories of the Future that aims to be the reference system software for collaborative manufacturing and logistics processes including its associated resources and data - Open vf-OS Platform, including a Multi-sided application marketplace and development studio, that aims to become the Apps Store for Manufacturing industry The multi-sided marketplace will allow Manufacturing Users, Manufacturing Resource providers, Service Providers and Software Developers to cooperate and demand, build, select, and use vf-OS applications with the vf-OS exploiters, like classical App stores, having a business model based on taking a share of purchases of applications and services from the platform. vf-OS is composed of a Virtual Factory System Kernel (vf-SK), a Virtual Factory Application Programming Interface (vf-API) and a Virtual Factory Middleware (vf-MW) for interoperable and secure collaboration among supply networks, enterprises, machines, data and objects. The Virtual Factory Platform (vf-P) will be a infrastructure, either in-cloud or on-premise, that supports the Manufacturing Apps Store and Virtual Machines. vf-OS especially addresses SMEs by providing a full functionality at affordable cost and with Cloud availability. The Manufacturing Apps will be developed with an Open Applications Development Kit (vf-OAK), freely provided to software developers, for rapid and cost effective deployment of advanced industrial applications running over vf-OS, allowing fast time-to-market and world-wide base industrial clients.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-RISE | Phase: MSCA-RISE-2015 | Award Amount: 1.33M | Year: 2016

Increasingly challenging global and environmental requirements have resulted in agricultural systems coming under increasing pressure to enhance their resilience capabilities in order to respond to the abrupt changes in resource quality, quantity and availability, especially during unexpected environmental circumstances, such as uncertain weather, pests and diseases, volatile market conditions and commodity prices. Therefore, integrated solutions are necessary to support the whole food agricultural life-cycle value chain. Solutions necessarily must consider the products cycle, as well as each of the value chain stages. Thus, managing risks and the uncertain availability of information will lead farmers to take advantage of these managerial, technical and social based-solutions. This implies the need for innovative technology-based knowledge management system to capture the agricultural information, at a variety of regional locations, in terms of collecting, storing, processing, and disseminating information about uncertain environmental conditions that affect agricultural decision-making production systems. Hence, from the genetic design of the seed, till their planting and harvest processes, RUCAPS provides knowledge of the full agricultural life-cycle based-decision making process to realise the key impacts of every stage of the agriculture-related processes. Therefore, RUCAPS implies the development of a high impact research project in order to integrate real-life based agriculture requirements, alternative land management scenarios, unexpected weather and environmental conditions as well as supporting innovation in the development of agriculture production systems, operations, logistics and supply chain management and the impact of these systems and processes over the end-users and customers. This is to be conceived through the integration of standard and customised solutions for facilitating the collaborative engagement within the agriculture value chain.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.3.5 | Award Amount: 12.05M | Year: 2008

Photonics on CMOS is a candidate technology for applications where functional integration is needed for improving system performance while reducing size and cost.Functional demonstration of basic building blocks such as a laser, a detector, coupling, and link has been realized in previous research projects. As a next step the HELIOS project proposes to integrate photonics components with integrated circuits as a joint effort of major players of the European CMOS Photonics community, in order to enable an integrated design and fabrication chain that can be transferred to EU manufacturers.The objective of the project HELIOS is to combine a photonic layer with a CMOS circuit by different innovative means, using microelectronics fabrication processes.Different types of activities are foreseen:\tDevelopment of specific, high performance building blocks: WDM sources by III-V/Si heterogeneous integration, fast modulators and detectors, passive circuits and packaging. It also includes the development of dedicated TIA and modulators drivers.\tBuilding and optimization of the whole food chain to fabricate complex functional devices. Several components addressing different industrial needs will be built, including a 40Gb/s modulator, a 10x10 Gb/s transceiver, a Photonic QAM-10Gb/s wireless transmission system and a mixed analog and digital transceiver module for multifunction antennas.\tInvestigation of more promising but challenging alternative approaches. These concepts offer clear advantages in terms of integration on CMOS for the next generation of CMOS Photonics devices\tRoadmapping, dissemination and training, to strengthen the European research and industry in this field and to raise awareness of new users about the interest of CMOS Photonics.HELIOS will gather the major European CMOS Photonics and Electronics players and potential users. It will drive the European RTD in CMOS Photonics and pave the way for industrial development

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: Fission-2008-1.2.1 | Award Amount: 4.03M | Year: 2009

Besides the European Global Energy Policy, the European Council adopted an action plan that covers nuclear technologies and supports research in order to further improve nuclear safety and the management of radioactive waste. To obtain a more efficient and sustainable management of radioactive waste and hence reduce the burden on geological storage, one can apply partitioning and transmutation independently of future commitment or not to nuclear energy. Within European Union many R&D organisations and industries are conducting since a decade strong R&D in the Partitioning &Transmutation (P&T) field with substantial support from the European Commission. Fostering the European efforts towards a major facility realisation would be very beneficial. This will speed up the development and put Europe at lead in this field. The design of a fast spectrum transmutation experimental facility (FASTEF), able to demonstrate efficient transmutation and associated technology through a system working in subcritical mode (ADS) and/or critical mode, is thus the next step after FP6 IP-EUROTRANS. In the vision report of the Sustainable Nuclear Energy Technological Platform, the need was clearly expressed for a fast-spectrum experimental system to support the development and demonstration of an alternative technology to sodium. Therefore, FASTEF is proposed to be designed to an advanced level for decision to embark for its construction at the horizon of 2012 with the following objectives: to demonstrate the ADS technology and the efficient transmutation of high level waste; to operate as a flexible irradiation facility; to contribute to the demonstration of the Lead Fast Reactor technology without jeopardising the above objectives. The work programme is subdivided in 5 WPs: WP0: Management of the Project WP1: Definition of specifications and detailed work programme of FASTEF WP2: Design of the FASTEF in sub-critical & critical mode WP3: Plant Requirements WP4: Key issues towards realisation

Proton Laser Applications S.L., Consejo Superior De Investigaciones Cientificas and Polytechnic University of Valencia | Date: 2014-10-08

An optical pulse generator (100) and a method for using the same are disclosed, wherein the optical pulse generator comprises a source (105, 104) to deliver a chirped pulse (220) and a chirped pulse compressor (110), comprising a first manipulation device (211) and a second manipulation device (212) capable of wavelength dependent manipulating the propagation direction of the chirped pulse and a focusing device (313) having a predetermined focus point. The optical pulse generator is characterized in that the second manipulation device is arranged after the first manipulation device in propagation direction of the chirped pulse and the first and the second manipulation device are capable of manipulating the propagation direction of the chirped pulse such that the chirped pulse is transformed, after passing the second manipulation device, into a pulse, wherein different chromatic parts (221, 222) of the pulse are spatially spread and temporarily fully aligned.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: GV-02-2016 | Award Amount: 8.65M | Year: 2016

Growing road traffic in Europe results in detrimental effects on the environment and public health to a level that is becoming unsustainable, this in spite of increasingly stringent emission standards. In particular, CO2 and noxious emissions are not sufficiently reduced in real driving, while higher injection pressures have led to a shift towards the emission of smaller nanoparticles that are undetected by current certification procedures. The challenge of the DiePeR project is to apply advanced technologies for combustion and exhaust aftertreatment to existing non-hybrid Diesel engines and to optimize the improved characteristics of a new generation of engines with regard to emissions, fuel consumption and driveability. Specific technologies will be advanced to TRL 6 or TRL 7 and integrated in two demonstration vehicles: One passenger car of the mid/ premium segment and one light commercial vehicle. A full calibration and assessment of the vehicles and underlying technologies will take place to proof: Real driving emissions substantially below Euro 6/ NEDC limits, less than half of emitted particles (number) including particles < 23nm and a more than 5% improved fuel efficiency based on best-in-class MY2015 vehicles. The project also addresses design features, control and basic research such as modelling of particles formation and the deterioration of engine components (fuel injection system, exhaust aftertreatment system) and its effect on emissions, in order to assess the robustness of the vehicles over useful lifetime.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: ICT-29-2016 | Award Amount: 4.00M | Year: 2016

The project GALAHAD targets the critical need for better glaucoma diagnostic systems. Glaucoma is an age-related major cause of blindness. The eye disease is characterized by an irreversible damage to the optic nerve head caused by increased intra-ocular pressure. The current screening and basic diagnostics for the disease involve intra-ocular pressure measurement, visual field tests and detection of structural damage to the optic nerve head and retinal nerve fibre layer. The present methods have high rates of false positive or false negative results since the in depth analysis of optical nerve head damage is not possible due to the poor resolution of available optical technologies. A leading candidate is optical coherence tomography (OCT), but the required axial resolution is ~1 m, well beyond the 3-5 m resolution of commercial systems. GALAHAD aims to develop a label free, compact and easy to operate high resolution diagnostic OCT system. The multiband and multimodal system will use submicron ultra-high resolution polarisation sensitive OCT (UHR PS OCT). The key breakthrough elements are: (i) A revolutionary low cost multiband supercontinuum light source. (ii.) Ground-breaking ultra-broadband photonic components required to exploit such a source. (iii.) Automated glaucoma screening algorithms: using end user evaluation of cell and animal models and tissue samples, automated algorithms will be developed, trained and tested so that non-expert operators will be able to perform glaucoma screening. The GALAHAD in depth glaucoma diagnostics after a positive screening with conventional methods will dramatically reduce false positive and false negative screening results and decrease the number of patients suffering from glaucoma-related disability. The project is driven by world leading companies and manufacturers of OCT systems and guided by requirement specifications and validated by high ranking clinical and experimental ophthalmologists in their clinical settings.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: ICT-30-2015 | Award Amount: 7.33M | Year: 2016

INTER-IoT project is aiming at the design, implementation and experimentation of an open cross-layer framework and associated methodology to provide voluntary interoperability among heterogeneous Internet of Things (IoT) platforms. The proposal will allow developing effectively and efficiently smart IoT applications, atop different heterogeneous IoT platforms, spanning single and/or multiple application domains. The overall goal of the INTER-IoT project is to provide a interoperable framework architecture for seamless integration of different IoT architectures present in different application domains. Interoperability will be provided at different levels: device, network, middleware, services and data. The two application domains and use cases addressed in the project and in which the IoT framework will be applied are m-health and port transportation and logistics. The project outcome may optimize different operations (e.g. increasing efficiency in transportation time; reducing CO2 emission in a port environment; improving access control and safety; improving remote patient attendance and increase the number of subject that surgery units can assist using the mobile devices with the same resources; reducing time spent in hospitals premises or reduce the time dedicated to the assistance activities carried out directly at the surgery with advantage for subjects in charge and also benefits those waiting, i.e. reduction of the waiting list) in the two addresses domains, but it may be extended to other application domains in which there is a need to interconnect different IoT architectures already deployed. The project may deal with interoperability at different layers.

Proton Laser Applications S.L. and Polytechnic University of Valencia | Date: 2015-06-24

Intra-operatory ion therapy system for irradiating a patient with laser-accelerated ions, preferably carbon ions, henceforth referred to as Ion therapy system, comprising a laser radiation source adapted to emit laser radiation, a housing, being arranged and connected to the laser radiation source, such that laser radiation emitted from the laser radiation source can be coupled into the housing, a laser target onto which the laser radiation emitted from the laser radiation source can be focussed and from which surface an ion beam can be generated, a window portion in the housing adapted to let an incident ion beam pass the window portion to the outside of the housing at minimum energy loss and adapted to seal the housing, a vacuum system for generating lower pressure in the inner space of the housing, a focussing system for focussing the laser radiation on the laser target, holding means for holding the laser target and a control device for controlling the focussing system and the holding means and for adjusting the propagation direction of the ion beam such that the ion beam impinges on an external target, wherein the laser radiation source is adapted to generate laser pulses with a duration between 10^(-18)s and 10^(-12) s and an energy of at least 100mJ and a method for generating an ion beam.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: KBBE-2009-1-2-13 | Award Amount: 5.09M | Year: 2010

The recent decline of European eel (Anguilla anguilla) and no signs of recovery has brought attention to the biologically unsustainable exploitation of the stock. In September 2007, the EU has adopted the Council Regulation 1100/2007 establishing measures for the recovery of the European eel stock. However, eel are still fished intensively for human consumption while aquaculture and restocking rely exclusively on the supply of glass eels caught each year. A controlled production of eel larvae is ever more urgent. The objective of PRO-EEL is to develop standardised protocols for production of high quality gametes, viable eggs and feeding larvae. The approach is to expand knowledge about the intricate hormonal control and physiology of eels which complicates artificial reproduction. This knowledge will be applied in the development of suitable methods to induce maturation considering different rearing conditions. Knowledge about the gametogenesis and maturation pattern will be developed in small scale tests and applied to establish standardised fertilisation procedures. New knowledge about functional anatomy of embryos and yolksac larvae will be applied to develop suitable feed. Protocols for larval production will be tested in full scale experimental facilities managed in collaboration with a qualified SME. The integrated protocols and technology development will be evaluated relative to the output of healthy embryos and yolksac larvae. Larval feeds will be developed towards pioneering first-feeding in European eel larvae, which will be a major breakthrough and promising step towards a self-sustained aquaculture. The strength of the project is its interdisciplinary approach and the unique expertise of the consortium. PRO-EEL brings together leading institutes in eel reproduction complemented by excellence in disciplines filling gaps in knowledge and technology. A tight collaboration with the aquaculture industry promotes the applicability of developed technology.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: SEC-2013.4.1-6 | Award Amount: 19.27M | Year: 2014

In recent years, the frequency of large-scale forest fires has increased significantly owing to a number of factors including the effects of climate change, urbanisation, poor landscape management and malevolent acts. These so-called Mega-fires are particularly destructive and difficult to control with the technologies and systems currently available to fire fighters and emergency agencies. The AF3 project intends to provide an extraordinary improvement to the efficiency of current fire-fighting operations and to the protection of human lives, the environment and property by developing innovative technologies and means to ensure a high level of integration between existing and new systems. To reach this objective, AF3 project focuses on the following areas: Innovative active countermeasure: implementation of the novel AAFF (Advanced Aerial Fire Fighting) system to accurately and safely disperse extinguishing materials from high altitude by aircrafts and helicopters in any condition: day and night, regardless of weather, smoke and configuration of terrain. It will enable a quick 24H response, minimizing fire duration and damages. The AAFF system can be adapted to a wide variety of aircrafts or helicopters. Innovative passive countermeasures: fast build-up of preventive defensive lines of capsules to prevent the spreading of fire from forest to populated areas Early detection and monitoring: integration and deployment of diverse systems including satellites, aeroplanes, UAVs, and both mobile and stationary ground systems for the early detection of fire and for monitoring the propagation of smoke and toxic clouds. Integrated crisis management: the innovative AF3 Core Expert Engine will perform overall coordination of all fire fighting missions. The results of AF3 will be validated by intermediate tests during the project, and by a final demonstration with flight tests and drilling exercises carried out simultaneously in Spain, Italy, Greece and Israel.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: HEALTH-2009-3.2-2 | Award Amount: 3.63M | Year: 2010

The MANAGED OUTCOMES proposal explores the assumption that healthcare outcomes and costs are affected by the efficiency of service production, the time/location constrained regional structure of healthcare delivery, and the degree to which people are empowered to participate in the co-production of their care. These relationships are insufficiently understood and need to be studied to meet the objectives of the new European health strategy. More optimized health systems should be planned on the grounds of citizens expectations for both effective outcomes, and for access and quality of healthcare delivery. The MANAGED OUTCOMES aims to generate the necessary scientific basis to underpin informed policy decisions. The expected impacts of the project on several levels of beneficiaries include the aim to advance the field of health systems research by promoting active dialogue between service research, operations management, health economics, and clinical medicine. This requires two types of actionable knowledge for policy makers: a) the cost impact and interrelationships of improved quality of care, efficiency and accessibility, and b) the cost impact of improved outcomes partly achieved with empowered customers acting as co-producers of their care. Practical impacts are a) methods for comparing and benchmarking healthcare production and distribution practices across Europe, to further the exchange of best practices across cultural contexts, b) demand-based tools for designing healthcare systems, and c) knowledge on the impacts of different service channels on health outcomes and cost-benefits. These results contribute to healthcare reform. This project aims to enhance the cooperation between European healthcare operations scholars to further promote integration and excellence of European healthcare systems research. The principal research method is comparative case studies and the project aims to develop scenarios and models of future healthcare systems.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: GC.SST.2013-6. | Award Amount: 4.19M | Year: 2013

High efficient energy conversion concept based on the integration of energy recovery devices, energy storage and engine auxiliaries electrification on a Natural Gas heavy duty engine. The energy recovery strategy is based on two mainstreams: recovery of a portion of the kinetic energy thanks to the adoption of a belt driven generator recovery of the waste heat with an energy cascading approach: thermoelectric generator operating at high temperature subsequent turbo-generator The system includes an appropriate energy storage system and electrified auxiliaries such as coolant and oil pumps, auxiliary turbo charger, air and air conditioning compressors. The engine control strategies will be tuned and optimised (combustion, cylinder de-activation, ) to maximise the efficiency of the energy recovery and re-use subsystems and the benefit the auxiliaries electrification. Finally the combination of the electric auxiliary turbocharger and the abortion of a liquid cooled charge air cooler will be implemented as part of the whole strategy to optimise the engine efficiency. The Project results will be experimentally demonstrated at bench level (engine test rig) while the benefits of the engine down-sizing, combination of control strategies and the reference mission(s) and integration with hybrid or hybrid-like powertrains will be evaluated at vehicle level thanks to advanced dynamic models. The industrial feasibility, the portability on diesel engine and the cost estimation are also included in the as well as a preliminary packaging study to assure the on board integrability. The Project most important outcome will be a new powertrain concept based on a combined energy recovery, storage and re-use system integrated and optimised with the engine system and controls. The project will answer to the request to achieve an efficiency at vehicle level well above 50% at acceptable cost.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.1.1 | Award Amount: 26.75M | Year: 2012

In 2020, mobile and wireless traffic volume is expected to increase thousand-fold over 2010 figures. Moreover, an increase in the number of wirelessly-connected devices to counts in the tens of billions will have a profound impact on society. Massive machine communication, forming the basis for the Internet of Things, will make our everyday life more efficient, comfortable and safer, through a wide range of applications including traffic safety and medical services. The variety of applications and traffic types originating from or reaching mobile, WLAN, and sensor networks, will be significantly larger than today, and will result in more diverse requirements on services, devices and networks.\n\nMETIS is set up by leading global players to prepare the migration from todays mobile systems, focused on human communications, towards tomorrows multi-purpose global communication infrastructure, serving humans and things.\n\nThe main objective of METIS is to lay the foundation for, and to generate a European consensus on this future global mobile and wireless communications system. METIS will provide valuable and timely contributions to pre-standardisation and regulation processes, and ensure European leadership in mobile and wireless communications.\n\nMETIS will provide fundamentally new solutions which fit the needs beyond 2020. Research will be conducted on network topologies, radio links, multi-node, and spectrum usage techniques. Horizontal topics will be used to integrate the research results into a system concept that provides the necessary flexibility, versatility and scalability at a low cost. The METIS concept will be evaluated, and a roadmap will be generated.\n\nMETIS is a strong European consortium, completed by selected non-European partners to ensure global harmonisation. The consortium gathers major telecommunication stakeholders; vendors, operators and academic researchers, together with a new partner from the automotive industry to provide new insights

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: ENV.2008. | Award Amount: 9.17M | Year: 2009

Groundwater resources are facing increasing pressure from consumptive uses (irrigation, water supply, industry) and contamination by diffuse loading (e.g. agriculture) and point sources (e.g. industry). This cause major threat and risks to our most valuable water resource and on ecosystems dependent on groundwater. New information is need on how to better protect groundwaters and groundwater dependent ecosystems (GDE) from intensive land-use and climate change. The impacts of land-use changes and climate changes are difficult to separate as they partly result in similar changes in the ecosystems affected. The effects are highly interwoven and complex. The EU groundwater directive (GWD) and the water framework directive (WFD) provide means to protect groundwater (GW) aquifers from pollution and deterioration. At present, the maximum limits for groundwater pollutant concentrations have been set for nitrate and various pesticides. Also, water of sufficient quality and quantity should be provided to ecosystems dependent on groundwater. The European aquifers differ by their geology, climate, and threats to aquifers. This must be considered when general guidelines for management of these systems are developed. The concept of the present proposal is to base the research on different relevant aquifer sites in various European countries to test scientific issues and find new results to important problems. Seven WP are foreseen: WP1 Case studies on impacts and threats to GWs and GDEs WP2 Groundwater dynamics, re-charge and water balance WP3 Leaching to groundwater aquifers from different land-uses WP4 Groundwater dependent ecosystems: groundwater-surface water interaction WP5 Modelling processes in groundwater systems WP6 Concepts, scenarios and risk assessment WP7 Co-ordination

Today more people than ever are threatened by disasters, with no regards if natural or man-made. Furthermore, CBRN contamination risks can occur as a consequence of these events. Regions affected are wider and wider and reconstruction and recovery operations are longer-lasting, costly and complex, especially when decontamination is necessary. DESTRIERO aims at developing a next generation post-crisis needs assessment tool for reconstruction and recovery planning, including structural damage assessment through advanced remote sensing enriched by in-field data collection by mobile devices (buildings, bridges, dams) and related data integration and analysis, based on international standards, novel (automated) data and information interoperability across organisations and systems, in combination with an advanced multi-criteria decision analysis tool and methodology for multi-stakeholder information analyses, priority setting, decision making and recovery planning. Earth observation images will contribute to fast damage assessment and monitoring of the areas, together with data acquired by relief units on the field using novel smart-phone apps. Identified needs will be recorded, stored and made available to all organisations involved. Coordination and collaborative work at all levels of the organisations and among different ones will be possible through a network centric approach for the interoperability of information and service and the decision support tool. Critical infrastructure recovery will be considered with priority, as essential for the recovery of social and economic aspects (roads, bridges, schools, hospitals, plants, etc.), CBRN contamination and humanitarian aspects will be taken into consideration, as aggravating circumstances, while support to accountability of humanitarian aid contributions will be facilitated.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: ENV.2010.3.1.1-1 | Award Amount: 9.27M | Year: 2011

The European project initiative TRUST will produce knowledge and guidance to support TRansitions to Urban Water Services of Tomorrow, enabling communities to achieve sustainable, low-carbon water futures without compromising service quality. We deliver this ambition through close collaboration with problem owners in ten participating pilot city regions under changing and challenging conditions in Europe and Africa. Our work provides research driven innovations in governance, modelling concepts, technologies, decision support tools, and novel approaches to integrated water, energy, and infrastructure asset management. An extended understanding of the performance of contemporary urban water services will allow detailed exploration of transition pathways. Urban water cycle analysis will include use of an innovative systems metabolism model, derivation of key performance indicators, risk assessment, as well as broad stakeholder involvement and an analysis of public perceptions and governance modes. A number of emerging technologies in water supply, waste and storm water treatment and disposal, in water demand management and in the exploitation of alternative water sources will be analysed in terms of their cost-effectiveness, performance, safety and sustainability. Cross-cutting issues include innovations in urban asset management and water-energy nexus strengthening. The most promising interventions will be demonstrated and legitimised in the urban water systems of the ten participating pilot city regions. TRUST outcomes will be incorporated into planning guidelines and decision support tools, will be subject to life-cycle assessment, and be shaped by regulatory considerations as well as potential environmental, economic and social impacts. Outputs from the project will catalyse transformatory change in both the form and management of urban water services and give utilities increased confidence to specify innovative solutions to a range of pressing challenges.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.3.4 | Award Amount: 3.67M | Year: 2011

Growing complexity of applications makes the integration of security and dependability an issue in many domains (e.g. energy supply, transportation, industrial control, aerospace, etc). The engineering of embedded systems needs to take these aspects into account. However, guaranteeing security and dependability in a situation of increasing system complexity is leading to unacceptable development cost and time to market, especially for SMEs, due to the price of tools. The main challenge of this project is supporting mixed criticality embedded systems on multicore open source virtualized platforms in such a way that the development, validation and certification efforts can be lower than the corresponding effort required on independent hardware platforms when using an appropriate methodology.\nAn approach to increasing maintainability and to avoid the growing validation and certification effort is to incorporate mechanisms that establish multiple partitions on the same hardware platform with strict temporal and spatial separation between the individual partitions. In this approach, applications with different levels of dependability can be placed in different partitions and can be validated (and certified if required) in isolation, the MultiPARTES approach. This allows the user to manage complexity while keeping down an escalation of the development effort, but this concept needs to be adapted and applied to multicore and heterogeneous multicore systems.\nThis project aims at developing tools and solutions based on mixed criticality virtualization systems for multicore platforms. The starting point for the virtualization support is XtratuM, a cost-effective open source hypervisor developed specifically for real-time embedded systems by one of the project participants (UPVLC) a hypervisor that is being increasingly used by the aerospace industry. Based on this approach, MultiPARTES will offer a rapid and cost-effective development support of dependable real-time embedded systems enabling critical and non critical applications to run on the same hardware platform.\nTo achieve this goal we will develop an innovative multicore-platform virtualization layer based on XtratuM. We will devise a methodology permitting the partitioning of multicore systems, thereby speeding up development and production of mixed-criticality applications based on the partitioning.\nWe will demonstrate these open virtualization solutions on COTS hardware platforms and on enhanced heterogeneous multicore hardware platforms to show the increase of time and space isolation, overcoming some of the COTS hardware limitations.\nThe results will be evaluated in case studies in three application sectors: wind power, video surveillance and aerospace.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: NOE | Phase: ICT-2007.1.1 | Award Amount: 4.75M | Year: 2008

The BONE-proposal builds on the foundations laid out by the ePhoton/ONe projects in the previous Framework Programme. This Network of Excellence has brought together over several years the research activities within Europe in the field of Optical Networks and the BONE-project intends to validate this effort by stimulating a more intensified collaboration, exchange of researchers and building on Virtual Centres of Excellence that can serve to European industry with education and training, research tools and testlabs and pave the way to new technologies and architectures.\nThe Network of the Future, which is the central theme of this Call, will have to cope with a wide variety of applications running on a wide variety of terminals and with an increasing number of connected devices and increasing speed and data-loads. The BONE-proposal does not look into issues as convergence between mobile and fixed networks, nor does it consider issues regarding the optimised broadband access in the last mile using a wide variety of technologies such as DSL, cable, WiMAX, WiFi, PLC,... The BONE-proposal looks further into the future and takes as the final Network of the Future:\n- a high capacity, flexible, reconfigurable and self-healing optical Core and Metro network which supports the transport of massive amounts of data\n- a FTTx solution in which the x is as close as possible to the home, at the home, or even in the home. From this point the user is connected using terminal-specific technologies (wireless to handheld devices, fiber to home cinema, wireless to laptop, fixed connection to desktop,...)\nBONE clearly identifies the existence of the current technologies and also recognizes the fact that users also require the mobility of wireless access, but this mobile connection ends at a gateway or access points and from there a fixed connection is required and this fixed connection will finally be an optical link.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.3.4 | Award Amount: 4.26M | Year: 2011

Embedded devices are pervasive in our everyday live and their complexity increases exponentially. Among them, heterogeneous multi-core processors and specific hardware accelerators allow the required computing power while exhibiting a good performance/watt ratio. The flexibility required by them is promoting an application-centric model, which makes future systems face new challenges: Openness (total decoupling from hardware to application software), security, programmability and performance.Virtualization, widely used in the general-purpose computing domain, allows an effective and clean way to isolate applications from hardware, so being suitable to cope with the challenges faced by heterogeneous multi-core embedded systems. However, virtualization on embedded systems is still in its infancy. Their real-time requirements, resource constraints and heterogeneous nature demand for an integral and different approach of the virtualization concept. The vIrtical project aims the vertical and full development of the virtualization concept addressing the specific requirements for effective embedded virtualization. A virtualization-ready SoC platform and the associated programming models will be developed, tackling all the system layers: applications, programming model, hypervisor and hardware. This unique integrated approach is able to address the evolution towards heterogeneous multi-cores and even many-cores in embedded systems by focusing not only on the well-known processor virtualization but on the hardware assisted virtualization for the overall SoC. Security and protection, real-time QoS guarantees, reliability, process variation, power savings, and memory coherency will be addressed and will influence the way the system is virtualized.The vIrtical consortium is formed by key European players in the embedded market (UNIBO,UPV,TEI,ST,THALES,ARM,SYSGO,VOSYS), so guaranteeing the right development of the different layers tackled in the virtualization-ready SoC platform

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENERGY.2012.8.1.1 | Award Amount: 3.82M | Year: 2012

The main objective of the project is the development of several reliable, safe, high efficiency and high capacity heat pumps working with the two most promising natural refrigerants: Hydrocarbons and CO2, together with a set of improved components and auxiliary devices adequate for the efficient and safe use of the two refrigerants. The project aims to reach a higher efficiency (10-20% SPF improvement) and lower Carbon footprint (20% lower TEWI) than the current state of the art HFCs/HFOs or Sorption heat pumps. The costs shall be very similar or slightly higher than the latter systems (10%). The project will also focus on the development of an efficient capacity modulation in order to enhance the integration capability with other renewable sources in the energy systems of Buildings and Industry. In this sense, if the project is successful, it will clearly bring a definitive step forward to overcome the barriers holding back the spread of natural refrigerants by proving that a new generation of heat pumps based on HCs and CO2 is perfectly feasible and commercially competitive. The first objective of the project is the identification of the cases in which the use of Natural refrigerants can lead to cost effective and high efficient solutions with a fast commercial exploitation. The following cases have already been identified for their potential interest: - Hydrocarbons (HCs): air or water to water heat pumps supplying hot water at (40-50C) for heating applications as well as to produce sanitary hot water at 60C. - CO2: heat pump of high capacity to produce sanitary hot water at 60C directly from city water (10-15C). Designs with higher temperatures in the range 70-90C should be also explored. The project involves 6 key industrial partners (component manufacturers and heat pump manufacturers) who will strongly cooperate with the RTD partners in order to achieve the targeted goals as well as to evaluate the necessary costs and measures to successfully bring the developed technology to the market.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SSH.2012.2.1-1 | Award Amount: 3.12M | Year: 2013

Social InnovationEmpowering the Young (SocIEtY) for the Common Good will both focus on and integrate disadvantaged young people into the research process to improve their quality of life and to foster social innovation. Therefore SocIEtY will extend the given informational basis for designing and implementing policies to reduce inequalities by giving voice and opportunities for developing aspirations to young people facing multifaceted inequalities while living in deprived city districts. The approach is to bring to the fore young persons concerns and voices about their self-perception and social participation in society. To accomplish these ambitious research tasks, the research strategy will benefit from the complementarities between qualitative and quantitative methodologies, reflected in the close interconnections between the Work Packages (WPs). SocIEtY will refine a coherent theoretical and methodological framework for the whole project on the basis of the Capability Approach. As a second step a documentary analysis and interviews with relevant political stakeholders and a longitudinal analysis of EU-SILC data will be carried out. Additionally, national and regional data for each partner country (WP3) for evaluating existing policies towards inequalities will be analysed. 11 analyses of social support networks (WP4) will be carried out, scrutinizing the strategies and policies of local actors in deprived city districts of each partner country. Finally, SocIEtY will develop an innovative participative research methodology (WP5) bringing different stakeholders and different narratives together. An aim of this empirical instrument is to enable deliberative processes in which every participant has equal opportunity to voice their concerns and aspirations with regard to the common good. Traditional empirical research is combined with a participation methodology, broadening the informational basis for social innovation in public policies.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2015-ETN | Award Amount: 3.96M | Year: 2016

WiBEC (Wireless In-Body Environment Communications) is an Innovative Training Network for 16 young researchers, who will be recruited and trained in coordinated manner by Academia, Industry, and Medical Centres. This training will address the Social, Health, and Technology challenges of the H2020:Wireless In-Body Devices. WiBECs main objective is to provide high quality and innovative doctoral training to develop the wireless technologies for novel implantable devices that will contribute to the improvement in quality and efficacy of healthcare. Two devices will be used as a focus for the individual researchers projects; cardiovascular implants and ingestible capsules to investigate gastro intestinal problems. These devices will enable medical professionals to have timely clinical information at the point of care. The medical motivation is to increase survival rates and improvement of health outcomes with easy and fast diagnosis and treatment. The goal for homecare services is to improve quality of life and independence for patients by enabling ambient assisted living (AAL) at home. In this particular ETN, inter-sectoral and multi-discipline work is essential, as the topic requires cooperation between medical and engineering institutions and industry. This aspect is fulfilled with the participation of two reference hospitals, two medical device manufacturers and three top ranked universities in Europe, covering complementary aspects of the in-body wireless device field. Concerning future employment perspectives; surgery and medical assistance is rapidly becoming more technological than it is today, and a large number of experts combining engineering and medical skills will be required in Europe to enable novel paradigms like AAL to be realised. The ESRs who join this ETN will acquire diverse skills that will enable them to occupy privileged positions to join and promote EU leadership in ICT for Health.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: KBBE-2008-2-3-03 | Award Amount: 1.18M | Year: 2009

The food and drink industry is the single largest manufacturing sector in the EU and is mainly comprised by SMEs and microenterprises (99.1% of European food and drink businesses). The European food industry is in the lower part of the innovation performance ranking, and is losing relative importance in the global food market. This situation was a primary reason for the initiation of the ETP Food4 Life, which seeks to stimulate and underpin innovation in the agro-food chain. TRACK_FAST is drawn from all geographic points of Europe, and its main objective is the identification of the training and career requirements of future European food scientists and technologists (FST), and implementation of a European strategy to recruit the next generation FST leaders. TRACK_FAST will achieve this goal through: Identification and definition of personal skills requirements in food job market; Developments for the regulation of food science and technology professions in Europe; Establishment of a framework for continual professional training and career development for the FST professional; and Motivation of young people to enter and pursue of a career in food science and technology in Europe. The project will therefore coordinate a programme of information and experience gathering, discussions with employers and employees, and with those responsible for providing academic and other training deliver awareness and experience in career development activities. Moreover, young students will be motivated to pursue a career in food area, thus promoting a new generation of skilled, flexible and enthusiastic food scientists and technologists. TRACK_FST will provide main stakeholders with a forum within which their main needs will be considered. Moreover, TRACK_FAST focus on the key factors to identify needs and guide future works, as well as the development of specific and effective measures to prompt changes. The consortium and work plan are framed in a strong engagement between stakeholders, thus TRACK_FAST will contribute to a more innovative and competitive food and drink sector, which is a key area for job creation, global competition and societal benefit in Europe.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: GV-3-2014 | Award Amount: 23.39M | Year: 2015

In order to realize sustainable mobility in Europe, both urban and long distance vehicles for road transport will have to be significantly more efficient by 2020\ and a considerable contribution will have to come from the energy efficiency improvement of the powertrain. Moreover, together with the progressive efficiency increase coming from the engine technology evolution, the use of Low-Carbon Alternative Fuels, such as Natural Gas, will play a fundamental role to accelerate the process of decarbonization of the transportation sector that in Europe is targeted for the 2050 time horizon. In this context, being well-known the benefits of the Natural Gas Vehicles adoption in Europe, this proposal aims to exploit the main benefits of gas-powered engines developing CNG-only, mono-fuel-engines able to comply with: post Euro 6 noxious emissions 2020\ CO2 emissions targets new homologation cycle and Real Driving conditions and simultaneously improving engine efficiency and vehicle performance also with regard to its CNG range capability. These engines, based on new combustion processes, require also dedicated technological solutions for: Innovative injection, ignition and boosting system concepts Advanced exhaust gas aftertreatment system Detecting the gas-quality and its composition The results obtained from the experimental activities on the demonstration vehicles and engines will be harmonized and analysed throughout a final overall assessment of the different approaches. The demonstrator vehicles will be assessed in terms of performance and emissions with regard to NEDC, WLTP and under real driving conditions. Moreover, the final assessment of the vehicles will be certified, as independent testing, by JRC (Joint Research Centre) which will carry out additional measurements in their own testing facilities both on chassis dyno and by means of PEMS (Portable Emissions Measurement System).

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: SFS-18-2015 | Award Amount: 4.96M | Year: 2016

SALSA will assess the role of small farms and small food businesses in delivering a sustainable and secure supply of affordable, nutritious and culturally adequate food. SALSA will identify the mechanisms which, at different scales, can strengthen the role of small farms in food systems and thereby support sustainable food and nutrition security (FNS). By considering a gradient of 30 reference regions in Europe and in Africa, we will obtain a differentiated understanding of the role of small farms and small food businesses in very differently structured food systems and situations. SALSA will elaborate and implement a transdisciplinary, multi-scale approach that builds on and connects relevant theoretical and analytical frameworks within a food systems approach, and that uses qualitative, consultative and quantitative methods. We will also test a new combination of data-based methods and tools (including satellite technologies) for rigorously assessing in quantitative terms the interrelationships between small farms, other small food businesses and FNS, paying particular attention to limiting and enabling factors. SALSA will use participatory methods, at regional level, and establish a more global Community of Practice and multi-stakeholder learning platform, based on FAOs TECA online communication and learning platform. The SALSA consortium, and the joint learning and close cooperation, have both been designed with the EU - Africa dialogue in mind. Responding to the call we will unravel the complex interrelationships between small farms, small food businesses and FNS, and unfold the role played by small farms in (a) the balance between the different dimensions of sustainability, (b) maintaining more diverse production systems, (c) supporting the urban/rural balance in terms of labour and (d) in facilitating territorial development in countries facing a strong rural population growth.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: NOE | Phase: ICT-2007.3.5 | Award Amount: 5.06M | Year: 2008

EURO-FOS aims at creating a powerful pan-European network on photonic subsystems by clustering top European systems groups with proven track record in the design, development and evaluation of photonic subsystems. EURO-FOS aims at bridging the gap between research on device-level physics and new architectures from the network-level. The first objective of the project is the integration of researchers through exchange and mobility, allowing for innovation and reinforcing common research thrusts. The second objective is the access to expensive infrastructure creating economies of scale in the development and testing of photonic subsystems. The third objective is the strengthening of European research by creating a mechanism for partners to access devices developed in complementary European projects on photonic components. Functional integration of devices will create new ideas through the design and development of new subsystems within the project. EURO-FOS fourth objective is to complement European Commission efforts for combating Europes difficulty to turn scientific know-how developed in universities into exploitable technology. This will be achieved through the creation of an academic pan-European laboratory with strong industrial links. The creation of this lab can bridge the gap created by the shutdown or downsizing of major R&D industrial labs and help innovative SMEs that find it increasingly difficult to allocate R&D expenditure for basic research and expensive testing facilities. EURO-FOS is expected to have a high impact on Europes research through integration of people and clustering of research groups under the guidance of European industry. The creation of a unified and coherent European network of researchers with excellence in this field will ensure that Europe excels in this crucial part of the photonic systems development chain that links device-level physics and network architectures. Moreover, the creation of the pan-European research lab with diverse R&D capabilities, highly-skilled scientific personnel and state-of-the-art testing facilities, will critically assist Europes industry to perform innovative research and evaluate their developed technology in a system environment with advanced equipment and using accurate methods defined by EURO-FOS researchers.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA | Phase: ICT-2013.5.1 | Award Amount: 247.77K | Year: 2013

Addressing IT skills for healthcare workforce is seen as an important element of achieving greater social inclusion as identified in EU and National policy areas. Digital skills offer a gateway to supportive networks, expert patient groups, advice, information and new learning opportunities, social networks and more. Providing the means and the guidelines of sharing, re-using, and repurposing technologies of new educational material and programs for IT-skilled workforce in healthcare applied in different contexts, different languages and cultures in the EU and USA, the CAMEI project will allow new ways of boosting knowledge and provide IT skills to healthcare workforce of EU and USA. CAMEI aims to coordinate research activities and policies towards the development of renewed educational material and programs, to boost new trends for acquiring new knowledge in respect of the implementation of eHealth systems in practice, foster trans-national access to research infrastructures from both EU and USA partners and establish a network of best practices in Medical Education Informatics. The partners of CAMEI are experts in providing IT skills to healthcare workforce by means of different technologies and learning approaches. CAMEI will contribute to improving the health services offered by a wide range of health care professionals. There are a number of barriers that hamper the wider uptake of eHealth including the lack of awareness of, and confidence in eHealth among healthcare workforce. CAMEI will contribute towards innovation in eHealth in Europe by providing the ground for IT-Skilled healthcare workforce and its results are aimed to be used by the the upcoming Health Programme 2014-2020 and Horizon 2020 under Health, demographic change and wellbeing.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: ICT-28-2015 | Award Amount: 4.30M | Year: 2016

Drug hypersensitivity to antibiotics, mainly Beta-lactams (BLCs) affects more than 2.5 million European citizens. Moreover, preventable adverse drug reactions are estimated in additional hospitalization costs of 1750-4500 /patient. Currently, the allergy diagnosis is mainly based on the information given by invasive, single, and risky in vivo assays. In daily practice, few in vitro diagnostic methods are available and only used at the tertiary health services. These tests also lack of sensitivity (>0.35 kUA/L) and selectivity (<98%), resulting in an inaccurate diagnosis, analyze few drugs allergens (5), are time consuming (60-180 min), and expensive (30 /allergen). COBIOPHAD aims the development of an innovative in vitro diagnostic (IVD) device for diagnosis of IgE-mediated drug allergies by building an integrated biophotonic system based on compact disc technology. For that, key enabling technologies will be integrated in order to achieve high sensitive (<0.1 kUA/L), selective (>98%), multiplexed (10 BLCs), rapid (30 min), and low-cost (2.4 /allergen) drug allergy test. The solution involves an advanced approach to the diagnosis and management of drug allergy with the aim to ameliorate patient safety. The consortium comprises multidisciplinary knowledge on optics, electronics, advanced materials, biotechnology, smart microstructures, microfluidics, surface/organic chemistry, allergy, manufacturing systems, and telecom networking. Also, the key industrial actors, present in the consortium, will contribute to the manufacturing and placing the product on the IVD market.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENERGY.2012.10.2.1 | Award Amount: 3.91M | Year: 2012

CyanoFactory brings together ten selected leading, highly complementary European partners with the aim to carry out integrated, fundamental research aiming at applying synthetic biology principles towards a cell factory notion in microbial biotechnology. The vision is to build on recent progress in synthetic biology and develop novel photosynthetic cyanobacteria as chassis to be used as self-sustained cell factories in generating a solar fuel. This will include the development of a toolbox with orthogonal parts and devices for cyanobacterial synthetic biology, improvement of the chassis enabling enhanced growth and robustness in challenging environmental conditions, establishment of a data warehouse facilitating the modelling and optimization of cyanobacterial metabolic pathways, and strong and novel bioinformatics for effective data mining. To reach the goal, a combination of basic and applied R&D is needed; basic research to design and construct the cyanobacterial cells efficiently evolving H2 from the endless resources solar energy and water, and applied research to design and construct the advanced photobioreactors that efficiently produce H2. Biosafety is of highest concern and dedicated efforts will be made to address and control cell survival and death. The aim, to develop a (photo)synthetic cell factory, will have an enormous impact on the future options and possibilities for renewable solar fuel production. The consortium includes academic, research institute and industry participants with the direct involvement of two SMEs in the advanced photobioreactor design, construction and use. Purpose-designed, specifically engineered self-sustained cells utilising solar energy and CO2 from the air, may be the mechanisms and processes by which we generate large scale renewable energy carriers in our future societies. CyanoFactory offers Europe the possibility to take a lead, and not only follow, in these very important future and emerging technologies!

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: KBBE-2007-3-3-01 | Award Amount: 1.23M | Year: 2008

Synthetic Biology-SB- deals with rational combination of biological properties with central elements of engineering design. By merging the genetic tool box already available with engineering disciplines & computer sciences there is a great opportunity for a new approach to environmental pollution problems through application of modelling techniques & organizing development of novel biological systems across a hierarchical architecture with defined & standardized interfaces. However this faces 3 major bottlenecks: -The scientific & technical European contributors on SB have so far failed to recognise their latent capacity to shape a fresh discipline at their very interface -SB still lacks a comprehensive language & shared conceptual frame for the description of minimally functional biological parts -The development of SB touches on social sensitivities related to recreating life-in-the-test-tube which threatens to re-awaken the GMO controversy. Thus scaring off the necessary industrial input in the field. To tackle these challenges, we propose a 2-year program run by a large expert group to coordinate the fragmented efforts & direct this discipline into the most industrially beneficial and socially viable directions. We aim to energise and mobilise the European scientific, technical & social professionals to empower a new capacity to exploit properties present in Biological systems for environmental issues. TARPOL will recruit the required environmental competences from neighbouring disciplines and will set up a number of material and computational resources for advanced refactoring of biological systems. We will establish a frame consensus for procedure and parts standardization and pursue the awareness and eventual insertion of SB into the Environmental Biotechnology context by exploring its industrial interface. Finally, we will pursue the establishment of a solid European Research Agenda on SB-for-Environment at the service of implementing the KBBE vision

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: PHC-10-2014 | Award Amount: 4.15M | Year: 2015

The PHOCNOSIS project aims at the development and the preclinical validation of a nanotechnology-based handheld point-of-care testing (POCT) analysis device for its application in the early diagnosis of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). The diagnosis will be carried out by means of the fast (<10 minutes), ultra-sensitive (<1 ng/L) and label-free detection of multiple cardiac biomarkers, using a small volume of whole blood (<100 L). This POCT analysis device will significantly help in the implementation of mass screening programs, with the consequent impact on clinical management, reducing also costs of treatments, and increasing survival rates. The PHOCNOSIS analysis device will be based on two state-of-the-art technological elements in order to obtain a compact and highly sensitive final device. First, an integrated micro-/nanofluidic system will be used for biomarkers separation, purification and concentration, targeting an effective concentration increase by a factor greater than 1000x for the targeted biomarkers. Then, the concentrated biomarkers will be detected using a novel nanophotonic-based sensing technique, envisaging a final combined detection limit below 1 ng/L. This novel sensing technique allows us to obtain systems which are low-cost, compact and with a lower complexity, thus making them suitable for the development of portable devices for POCT. The PHOCNOSIS project will target the deployment of disposable biochips with an envisaged cost below 3 to be used in a handheld analysis device with an envisaged cost below 3000. Special attention will be paid within the PHOCNOSIS project to explore the potential deployment and commercialisation of the analysis device, by means of the involvement of relevant academic and industrial partners, as well as end users.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: ENV.2011.1.3.2-2 | Award Amount: 4.19M | Year: 2011

The project will reduce future Europes vulnerability and risk to drought by innovative in-depth studies that combine drought investigations in six case study areas in water-stressed regions (river basin and national scale) with drought analyses at the pan-European scale. Knowledge transfer across these scales is paramount because vulnerability is context-specific (e.g. physical, environmental, socio-economic, cultural, legal, institutional), which requires analyses on detailed scales, whereas international policies and drought-generating climate drivers and land surface processes are operating on large scales. The project will adopt Science-Policy Interfacing at the various scales, by establishing Case Study Dialogue Fora and a pan-Europe Dialogue Forum, which will ensure that the research will be well integrated into the policy-making from the start of the project onwards. The study will foster a better understanding of past droughts (e.g. underlying processes, occurrences, environmental and socio-economic impacts, past responses), which then will contribute to the assessment of drought hazards and potential vulnerabilities in the 21th C. An innovative methodology for early drought warning at the pan-European scale will be developed, which will improve on the forecasting and a suite of interlinked physical and impact indicators. This will help to increase drought preparedness, and to indentify and implement appropriate Disaster Risk Reduction measures (along the lines of the UN/ISDR HFA). The project will lead through the combined drought studies at different scales to the identification of drought-sensitive regions and sectors across Europe and a more thorough implementation of the EU Water Framework Directive, particularly by further developing of methodologies for Drought Management Plans at different scales (incl. EU level). The work will be linked with the European Drought Centre ensuring that the outcome will be consolidated beyond the project lifetime.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-RISE | Phase: MSCA-RISE-2014 | Award Amount: 630.00K | Year: 2015

The MAT4TREAT project consists in a consortium of 8 Universities, 5 of them European (UNITO, AAU, POLITO, UPV and UOI), and the other three from outside the EU (UNLP, McGill, SU), as well as two non academic institutions (ACEA and LQT). These groups are committed to work in the development of novel materials to be used in innovative integrated water tertiary treatments (to remove, for instance, Emerging Pollutants). This ambitious goal will be achieved by world leading research groups in the following fields: (i) graphene-based and other carbon-related materials, (ii) polymeric materials, (iii) oxidic ceramic materials, and (iv) hybrid inorganic-polymeric materials. The new materials will be used as adsorbents, as photocatalysts and as active layers for the fabrication of membranes, and thus tested for the pollutant removal from model aqueous solutions as well as from real water samples. Furthermore, approaches combining different materials and pollutant abatement technologies will be proposed and a demonstrative lab-bench apparatus for the integrated treatment of wastewaters will be built-up with the support of two European non academic institutions, which will directly participate to the project. Chemometric approach will be followed to optimize both materials production and experimental conditions for analytical purposes. Life Cycle Assessment of new materials and proposed technologies will be performed in order to evaluate their economic and environmental sustainability. For the implementation of the program secondments of ESRs and ERs are scheduled (95 secondments for 142 person-months) together with a diffusion plan to report on the obtained results, not only to the scientific community, but also to stakeholders and non-specialized audience.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: SFS-07a-2014 | Award Amount: 4.37M | Year: 2015

Tomato is the second most consumed vegetable in the EU and a major dietary source of many nutrients, vitamins and antioxidants. Consumers complaints about the loss of flavour in modern tomatoes, provide an opportunity for the valorisation of traditional tomato varieties, in order to protect them from genetic erosion and the replacement by higher-yielding, pest resistant modern cultivars. Genetic, epigenetic and phenotypic variability and knowledge from farms and in public repositories, will be concentrated in a TRADITOM database and seed repository (O1). The available genetic and phenotypic variability present in TRADITOM varieties, and the genetic and epigenetic differences from modern cultivars will be assessed (O2). For varieties whose cultivation is not sustainable due to unacceptably low yield and/or pathogen resistance, novel F1 hybrids will be generated, retaining the quality characteristics of traditional varieties and incorporating yield and disease resistance traits (O3) Finally, traditional varieties and the impact of traditional cultivation methods will be valorised through a thorough characterization of their composition in term of flavour- and health-related compounds, the identification of consumer preferences, the evaluation of socio-economic factors limiting their market diffusion, and the protection of the most significant case studies through PDO or PGI denominations (O4). TRADITOM is a multidisciplinary translational, multi-actor research project bringing together scientists working in academia, local farmers communities, consumer experts and small seed companies that have preserved the local germplasm, in order to bring to fruition and apply to traditional tomato varieties the enormous knowledge generated on tomato genetics, genomics and metabolomics. This will help the conservation of traditional tomato varieties and enhance the competitive advantage of rural communities based on their production.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENERGY.2009.2.1.1 | Award Amount: 8.85M | Year: 2010

In this project we will increase the efficiency of thin-film silicon solar cells on flexible substrates by solving the issues linked to material quality, interface properties and light management, thus enabling lower production costs per Watt-peak. The general technological objectives of the project are the development of better materials and enhanced interfaces for thin film silicon solar cells, and to transfer the developed processes to an industrial production line. The most important project goals are: 1) Reduction of optical reflection and parasitic absorption losses: Design and industrial implementation of textured back contacts in flexible thin film silicon solar cells. 2) Reduction of recombination losses: Development and implementation of improved silicon absorber material. 3) Reduction of electric losses: Graded TCO layers which minimize the work function barrier between the p-layer and the TCO layer without loss of conductivity and transmission of the TCO. In addition, the top layer of the TCO stack should provide a good protection against moisture ingression. In order to achieve these objectives more in-depth knowledge is needed for several relevant key areas for thin film silicon solar cells. The main scientific objectives are: 1) Identification of the ideal texture for the back contact. This structure should maximize the light trapping in thin film silicon solar cells without deterioration of open-circuit voltage and fill factor. 2) Paradigm shift for the growth of microcrystalline silicon. In this project we want to show that it is possible to use microcrystalline silicon with high crystalline fractions leading to better current collection without voltage losses, and without crack formation when grown on nano-textured substrates. 3) Deeper understanding of moisture degradation mechanisms of common TCOs like ITO and AZO.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: KBBE.2011.1.2-12 | Award Amount: 3.97M | Year: 2012

The PALM PROTECT consortium aims to develop reliable methods, for use by national plant protection organisations (NPPO), inspection services, growers and other end-users, for early detection, eradication, control and containment of the red palm weevil, Rhynchophorus ferrugineus and the moth Paysandisia archon. The methods will be developed for use at origin, point of entry, in transit and on-site to combat these invasive pests of palm trees. The methods will support stakeholders and end-users in the implementation of Council Directives 2000/29/EC, 2007/365/EC, 2008/776/EC, 2009/7/EC and 2010/467/EU. The objectives identified to achieve these goals are: 1) to provide a more comprehensive understanding of the biology (life cycles, host range, capacity for dispersal, behaviour) of R. ferrugineus and P. archon to facilitate decision making for risk assessment and optimisation of monitoring and control methods. 2) To combat the spread and establishment of R. ferrugineus and P. archon by the development of technologies for the early detection and monitoring of these pests. Detection in quarantine areas using dogs, acoustic and thermal methods, and in open areas using trapping and aerial/satellite imaging, along with a decision support system 3) To develop methods to eradicate, control and contain R. ferrugineus and P. archon, to restrict their further invasion of EU territories. Scientifically based protocols will be developed for quarantine treatments, for eradication and containment including preventive and curative techniques, and proper disposal of infested material. 4) To disseminate the findings of this work both within and outside the EU Community, through working with NPPOs, the European Plant Protection Organisation (EPPO) and other stakeholders. PALM PROTECT will address gaps in current technology for the detection, eradication and containment of R. ferrugineus and P. archon, thereby helping to minimise the economic and environmental impact of these pests.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-TP | Phase: KBBE.2013.1.2-04 | Award Amount: 8.53M | Year: 2014

The DROPSA consortium will create new knowledge and understanding of the damage and losses of fruit crops resulting from pests and pathogens, with a specific focus on the new and emerging threats due to Drosophila suzukii and quarantine pathogens Pseudomonas syringae, Xanthomonas fragariae and X. arboricola. The project will deliver a cost effective approach that can be widely implemented by the EU fruit industry. The aims and objectives are to: Determine the pathways of introduction and spread of D. suzukii and pathogens into the EU and develop preventative strategies and recommendations against the introduction of other dangerous fruit pests and pathogens. Determine the biology, ecology and interaction of these pests and diseases in different regions of Europe. This will involve a comprehensive evaluation of the life cycles, host ranges, capacities to disperse, the identification of natural enemies, plant-pathogen interactions as well as the semiochemicals involved in the behaviour of D. suzukii. The biology will provide the platform to develop practical solutions for sustainable pest control. Develop innovative and effective control options using approved chemicals, semiochemicals, novel antimicrobial compounds and biological control agents as well as cultural practices, sterile insect techniques and new mode of action compounds. The most reliable and effective control options will be combined to optimise an integrated pest management (IPM) strategy. Develop forecasting and decision support systems and risk mapping as a component of IPM. The economic viability of proposed strategies for fruit crop protection will be evaluated and used to support decision making in the implementation of IPM strategies to protect the EU fruit sector. To protect intellectual property (IP) and to undertake dissemination and exploitation actions to maximise the impact and up take of the recommended IPM by commercial fruit growers.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-CSA | Phase: Fission-2013-2.2.1 | Award Amount: 10.36M | Year: 2013

Preparing ESNII for HORIZON 2020 The aim of this cross-cutting project is to develop a broad strategic approach to advanced fission systems in Europe in support of the European Sustainable Industrial Initiative (ESNII) within the SET-Plan. The project aims to prepare ESNII structuration and deployment strategy, to ensure efficient European coordinated research on Reactor Safety for the next generation of nuclear installations, linked with SNETP SRA priorities. The ESNII\ project aims to define strategic orientations for the Horizon 2020 period, with a vision to 2050. To achieve the objectives of ESNII, the project will coordinate and support the preparatory phase of legal, administrative, financial and governance structuration, and ensure the review of the different advanced reactor solutions. The project will involve private and public stakeholders, including industry, research and academic communities, with opened door to international collaboration, involving TSO.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: MG-3.1-2014 | Award Amount: 12.58M | Year: 2015

The overall objective of the REWARD project is to develop the knowhow, intellectual property rights and technical capabilities to adequately and cost-effectively produce cleaner, highly efficient Diesel powertrains and aftertreatment technologies for future cleaner class A, B, C, D and E passenger cars and light commercial vehicles (LCVs) up to 3,500 kg that go beyond Euro 6 limits under Real Driving conditions (EU6 RDE). All technologies: friction and wear reduction measures, exhaust gas treatment concepts, fuel-efficient 2-stroke and 4-stroke Diesel engine concepts will be advanced to TRL 6 or TRL 7 and integrated in three demonstration vehicles. A full calibration and assessment of the vehicles and underlying technologies will take place to proof: real driving emissions below upcoming Euro 6 limits, 25% friction reduction in the entire engine, a significant higher lifetime durability and a more than 5% improved overall fuel efficiency. The impact of the cost effectiveness and high yield producibility of the applications will also be demonstrated. Specific scientific and technical objectives, main innovations and targeted key results are: 1. To develop and demonstrate advanced exhaust gas treatment concepts and low emission technologies up to TRL 7 2. To develop and demonstrate advanced friction and wear reduction measures up to TRL 6/7 3. To develop and demonstrate advanced > 5% more fuel-efficient 0.7 l 2-stroke Diesel engines (TRL6) suited for class A/B passenger cars 4. To develop and demonstrate advanced > 5% more fuel-efficient 4-stroke Diesel engines (TRL7) suited for class B, C D and E passenger cars and LCVs REWARDs aim is to develop all key technologies up to TRL6 i.e. system/subsystem model or prototype demonstration in a relevant environment and to TRL7, i.e. system prototype demonstration in an operational environment. REWARD will also prepare a plan for a credible path to deliver the innovations to the market.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: PEOPLE-2007-1-1-ITN | Award Amount: 3.68M | Year: 2008

The aim of the proposed training network is to provide dedicated research training in the emerging field of vehicle concept modelling for up-front pre-CAD functional performance engineering, bridging between industry and academia across Europe. The research area is of highly strategic importance to European automotive OEMs, who must launch products on an ever shorter time frame, at increased quality of multiple performance attributes. When simulation results become available in an early design stage, problems can already be solved before the first detailed CAD model is created, which will increase the quality of the first detailed simulation models and reduce the time to market. Moreover, early what-if studies can be performed to balance and optimize possibly conflicting performance attributes (safety, NVH, dynamics, durability ...) at an increased feasibility and at reduced costs. Novel methods will be developed to address this industrial need for a novel engineering process in which analysis leads the design. Applications will be worked out across partners and application fields, fully embedded in the vehicle industry context. Apart from benefits to researchers, partners and supervisors (OEMs and other industry), the proposed project will strengthen the competitive position of the European vehicle industry in the increasingly global market.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: FoF.NMP.2012-1 | Award Amount: 8.53M | Year: 2012

The overall scope of the DAPhNE project is to develop and demonstrate a package of integrated solutions for energy intensive processes (ceramics, cement and glass), based on tuning micro-wave technologies to the material characteristics and on intelligent control systems, to provide real time information about the energy consumption as well as the product quality. Microwave heating is now a well established heating technique for many industrial sectors with low temperature processes (i.e. drying) and low power demand. However, high temperature microwave heating has not been implemented as a full-scale industrial-processing. The DAPhNE project brings together three manufacturing sectors (ceramic, glass and cement) with common problems in relation to the energy consumption of their firing processes, seeking common solutions via the implementation of high temperature MW technologies based on self-adaptive control and monitoring systems. The multidisciplinary consortium comprises 7 industrial partners together with 1 technological-based company closely collaborating with group of 9 research organizations. The DAPhNE project brings together the ceramic, glass and cement industries to develop, test and demonstrate a package of modular and re-configurable solutions based on: Self-adaptive control of high temperature MW processes as well as Active control of production lines that incorporate the above proposed MW solutions, capable of maximizing autonomy and interaction capability with existing machinery and ensuring re-use of existing infrastructures.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: EeB-03-2014 | Award Amount: 5.99M | Year: 2015

Built2Spec brings together a new and breakthrough set of technological advances for self-inspection and quality assurance that will be put into the hands of construction stakeholders to help meeting EU energy efficiency targets, new build standards, and related policy ambitions. B2S will expand upon a cloud based construction support platform, conceived following the most advanced integrated design and delivery framework for the building sector and hosting applications that facilitate worksite activities and quality compliance by putting knowledge in hands of contractors, in the form of shared design specifications and 3D models, installation guidelines, information on regulatory frameworks, and help from construction experts on smartphones and tablets. New self-inspection technologies managed within the platform and developed in the project include: Special IR camera in smartphones coupled with new mathematical reverse models for on-the-fly analysis of existing buildings envelope thermal properties Rapid BIM modelling via instant 3D capture with smartphones, passed via the cloud to the refurbishment team back-office, allowing accurate instant energy efficiency evaluation, quality check and streamlined quotation process Portable, innovative low pressure air tightness technique allowing testing of occupied buildings Smart sensor-embedded construction elements (identification, structural performance, and building environment parameters) Portable single device for Indoor Air Quality tests offering multi-gas capabilities targeting the most harmful gas pollutants A novel lightweight portable sound source for on-site acoustic tests to regulation compliance The B2S system will be integrated into the operations of SME contractors, large construction firms, and end user clients directly within the consortium and work program activities, assuring systematic and scientific performance measures, feedback and powerful exploitation and dissemination strategies.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SEC-2011.1.2-1 | Award Amount: 4.47M | Year: 2012

TACTICS seamlessly integrates new research results in the area of behaviour analysis, characteristics of the possible urban-based targets and situational awareness into a decision making framework comprising of a coherent set of tools and related processes, supporting security forces in responding more efficiently and effective to a given threat in order to actually prevent the attack or to limit its consequences. TACTICS will reach this goal by: Improving preparedness of security forces by decomposing threats into observable terrorist behaviours specific for urban environments. Improving the capabilities at security forces disposal by improving their management, efficiency and their cooperation in urban environments. Making security forces capable of responding quicker, without being biased in decision making and to be more precise in the kind of information they request and the orders they send out by providing expert knowledge at the fingertips of the professionals of the security services at the time of an actual threat in urban environments. Facilitating a cross-European approach by offering a 3-levelled strategy on the tactical, operational and strategic level. All that is developed and disseminated within TACTICS will be handled with the utmost care and during the whole project special attention will be paid to legal requirements and democratic and ethical principles.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-IRSES | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2010-IRSES | Award Amount: 181.90K | Year: 2011

Agriculture faces new challenges as a consequence of the increase of human populations, the demand of more sustainable ways of production and the increase of crop pest resistances and invasions. In this context, crop protection methods relying on the use of natural enemies (biological control) are of utmost importance. Yet, research and development in biological control suffers from structural problems limiting innovation and development of reliable and efficient new techniques. The aim of Iprabio is to promote the integration of new practices (derived from research in ecology & evolution) into programs of biocontrol against arthropod crop pests. More specifically, the project will rely on the development of international biocontrol programs in which (1) The links between researchers from several disciplines will be strengthened; (2) Complementary morphological and genetic characterization methods will be used to identify the pests infesting crops and to research and select the most adequate biocontrol agents; (3) Quality control procedures based on genetic and phenotypic characterization of insects will be implemented to optimize the rearing protocols of biocontrol agents in laboratory or commercial conditions; (4) The biotic and abiotic conditions affecting the establishment of introduced populations of biocontrol agents will be investigated. IPRABIO will support the development of these biocontrol progams by creating durable collaboration between partners working against same crop pests, but displaying different fields of expertise and using different techniques in their respective geographical area. Hence, IPRABIO will have three types of impacts: on research and development in crop protection; on the communication and exchange of ideas, methods, competences among research teams working on biocontrol worldwide; on the development of biocontrol solutions against 8 pests currently invading Europe.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.6.2 | Award Amount: 3.83M | Year: 2011

While many cities in Europe and in the world have issued climate change policies and set targets for reduction of CO2 emissions, their implementation in urban planning practice remains a major challenge. Devising effective decision systems which support CO2 emissions reduction demands a systems approach which enables different actors -policy makers, planners, engineers, consultants, and inhabitants- to correlate a diversity of problems, spanning across distinct domains and geographic scales. The technological approach of SEMANCO is based on the integration of energy related open data structured according to standards, semantically modeled and interoperable with a set of tools for visualizing, simulating and analyzing the multiple interrelationships between factors determining CO2 production. A Semantic Energy Information Framework (SEIF) will be developed to model the energy-related knowledge planners and decision makers need. The tools interoperating with the framework will support systems innovation and include available technologies, enhancements to existing open source platforms, and new technological solutions. SEMANCO will carry out an analysis requirements to support the application of the tools by the different stakeholders involved in energy related urban planning. The development of the tools and methods will be informed by three case study scenarios in Spain, UK and Denmark which will cover three geographical scales -neighbourhood, municipal and regional- including both existing and new urban areas. The case studies will identify the relevant indicators and the interrelationship between factors contributing to CO2 production in the analyzed urban areas. Based on this analysis, tools and methods will be developed as the project progress. Their application within the cases of study will demonstrate quantifiable and significant reduction of energy consumption and CO2 emissions achieved through ICT and will make it possible to assess their social impact.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SEC-2013.5.1-1 | Award Amount: 4.41M | Year: 2014

The management of crisis is one of the great challenges of the 21st century. The ever growing human, economic and environmental losses due to natural and man-made disasters evidence the need for a systematic approach to the management of crisis. A multi-disciplinary understanding and disaster risk management is required. In such situations, Collaborative Crisis Management (CCM) is usually coordinated by local authorities or dedicated civil protection organisations, supported by a variety of different national and international crisis management organisations, all acting relatively autonomously. The process is typically coordinated through periodic physical meetings of the involved organisations, in which information is shared about the situation, priorities are set and responsibilities allocated. Follow-up and execution of tasks is managed by each individual organisation, typically supported by a range of not interoperable information management tools, depending on the level of informatisation of the local or national crisis management systems. SECTOR aims at establishing the foundations of future Common CCM Information Spaces by expanding the European scientific knowledge base on (cross-border) multi-agency CCM processes and the complications these imply when aiming at setting-up and design cross-border supporting information Systems.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.8.2 | Award Amount: 3.01M | Year: 2013

Huge amounts of handwritten historical documents are being published by on-line digital libraries world wide. However, for these raw digital images to be really useful, they need be annotated with informative content. The tranScriptorium project aims to develop innovative, efficient and cost-effective solutions for the indexing, search and full transcription of historical handwritten document images, using modern, holistic Handwritten Text Recognition (HTR) technology. For typical handwritten text images of historical documents, currently available text image recognition technologies are not suitable. Traditional Optical Character Recognition (OCR) is simply not usable since characters can not be isolated automatically in these images. Therefore, holistic, segmentation-free HTR techniques, often borrowed from the field of Automatic Speech Recognition are needed. Yet, state-of-the-art holistic HTR approaches still lack the required accuracy, mainly due to the usual poor quality, degradations and writing style variability of historical document images. To cope with this lack of recognition accuracy for handwritten text images of historical documents, three actions are planned in tranScriptorium: i) improve basic image preprocessing and holistic HTR techniques; ii) develop novel indexing and keyword searching approaches, mainly based on byproducts of holistic HTR decoding and word spotting techniques; and iii) capitalize on new, user-friendly interactive-predictive HTR approaches for computer-assisted operation, which minimize the user intervention needed to achieve full, high quality transcripts. HTR tools based on tranScriptorium techniques will be incorporated into HTR web platforms that will be accessible to users through two different means: i) a content provider portal that provides access to handwritten historical documents for casual, individual researchers; and b) a specialized HTR web portal for structured crowd-sourcing transcription projects.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: FI.ICT-2011.1.8 | Award Amount: 17.96M | Year: 2013

According to the 2010 EC Competitiveness Report, Manufacturing is still the driving force of Europes economy, contributing over 6553 billion in GDP and providing more than 30 million jobs. It covers more than 25 different industrial sectors, largely dominated by SMEs, and generates annually over 1535 billion (42%) worth of value added services.\nThe mission of the FITMAN (Future Internet Technologies for MANufacturing industries) project is to provide the FI PPP with a set of industry-led use case trials in the Smart, Digital and Virtual Factories of the Future domains, in order to test and assess the suitability, openness and flexibility of FI-WARE Generic Enablers, this way contributing to the social-technological-economical-environmental-political sustainability of EU Manufacturing Industries.\nIn order to accomplish the mission statement, the FITMAN project will deliver:\n One FITMAN Generic Platform for Manufacturing Industries, as a collection of several Generic Enablers Implementations belonging to most of the identified technological Chapters of FI-WARE project;\n One generic and flexible Trials Verification and Validation Framework, encompassing concepts, methods and tools for a technical and business assessment of the eleven Trials\n One open-to-all FITMAN Phase III Package, to support FI-WARE PPP Phase III objective 1.8, Expansion of Use Cases, by providing access to FITMAN Reports and Prototypes for Phase III preparation and implementation\n Three FITMAN Specific Platforms for Smart, Digital and Virtual Factories, as a collection of several Specific Enablers Implementations belonging to the background of FITMAN beneficiaries and specifically derived from previous RTD projects in the Factories of the Future and Future Internet Enterprise Systems research\n Eleven FITMAN Trials Platforms as instantiation of the selected Generic and Specific Enablers for 11 industry-driven multi-sectorial Trials\n Eleven FITMAN Trial Experimentations by deploying the FITMAN Trials Platforms in realistic Smart-Digital-Virtual Factories IT and business cases, as well as assess and evaluate the achieved results:\ni. Smart Factories Trials: TRW (LE) automotive supplier Safe & Healthy Workplace, PIACENZA (SME) textile/clothing Cloud Manufacturing, COMPLUS (SME) LED smart lighting Collaborative Production, WHIRLPOOL (LE) white goods manufacturer Mobile workforce.\nii. Digital Factories Trials: VOLKSWAGEN (LE) automotive manufacturer PLM ramp-up for reduced Time to Market , AGUSTAWESTLAND (LE) aeronautics manufacturer Training services for blue collar workers, CONSULGAL (SME) construction As-designed vs. As-built Interoperability, AIDIMA (SME) furniture Mass Customised Production.\niii. Virtual Factories Trials: APR (SME) plastic industry Collaboration valorisation, TANet (SME) manufacturing resource management Networked Business Innovation, GEOLOC (SME) Machinery for wood industry Project-based Collaboration.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CPCSA | Phase: INFRA-2010-1.2.1 | Award Amount: 70.14M | Year: 2010

Scientific research is no longer conducted within national boundaries and is becoming increasing dependent on the large-scale analysis of data, generated from instruments or computer simulations housed in trans-national facilities, by using e Infrastructure (distributed computing and storage resources linked by high-performance networks).\nThe 48 month EGI-InSPIRE project will continue the transition to a sustainable pan-European e-Infrastructure started in EGEE-III. It will sustain support for Grids of high-performance and high-throughput computing resources, while seeking to integrate new Distributed Computing Infrastructures (DCIs), i.e. Clouds, SuperComputing, Desktop Grids, etc., as they are required by the European user community. It will establish a central coordinating organisation,, and support the staff throughout Europe necessary to integrate and interoperate individual national grid infrastructures. will provide a coordinating hub for European DCIs, working to bring existing technologies into a single integrated persistent production infrastructure for researchers within the European Research Area.\nEGI-InSPIRE will collect requirements and provide user-support for the current and new (e.g. ESFRI) users. Support will also be given for the current heavy users as they move their critical services and tools from a central support model to ones driven by their own individual communities. The project will define, verify and integrate within the Unified Middleware Distribution, the middleware from external providers needed to access the e-Infrastructure. The operational tools will be extended by the project to support a national operational deployment model, include new DCI technologies in the production infrastructure and the associated accounting information to help define EGIs future revenue model.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CPCSA | Phase: INFRA-2007-1.2-03 | Award Amount: 49.02M | Year: 2008

A globally distributed computing Grid now plays an essential role for large-scale, data intensive science in many fields of research. The concept has been proven viable through the Enabling Grids for E-sciencE project (EGEE and EGEE-II, 2004-2008) and its related projects. EGEE-II is consolidating the operations and middleware of this Grid for use by a wide range of scientific communities, such as astrophysics, computational chemistry, earth and life sciences, fusion and particle physics. Strong quality assurance, training and outreach programmes contribute to the success of this production Grid infrastructure. \nBuilt on the pan-European network GANT2, EGEE has become a unique and powerful resource for European science, allowing researchers in all regions to collaborate on common challenges. Worldwide collaborations have extended its reach to the benefit of European science.\nThe proposed EGEE-III project has two clear objectives that are essential for European research infrastructures: to expand, optimize and simplify the use of Europes largest production Grid by continuous operation of the infrastructure, support for more user communities, and addition of further computational and data resources; to prepare the migration of the existing Grid from a project-based model to a sustainable federated infrastructure based on National Grid Initiatives. \nBy strengthening interoperable, open source middleware, EGEE-III will actively contribute to Grid standards, and work closely with businesses to ensure commercial uptake of the Grid, which is a key to sustainability. \nFederating its partners on a national or regional basis, EGEE-III will have a structuring effect on the European Research Area. In particular, EGEE-III will ensure that the European Grid does not fragment into incompatible infrastructures of varying maturity. EGEE-III will provide a world class, coherent and reliable European Grid, ensuring Europe remains at the forefront of scientific excellence.

News Article | November 9, 2015

The project is known as EggPrebreed and is coordinated by the UPV's University Institute for Conservation and Improvement of Valencian Agrodiversity (COMAV). Experts from the University of Peradeniya (Sri Lanka) and Félix Houphouët-Boigny University (Ivory Coast) are also taking part. EggPrebreed is part of the global initiative "Adapting Agriculture to Climate Change: Collecting, Protecting and Preparing Crop Wild Relatives", managed by the Global Crop Diversity Trust with the Millennium Seed Bank of the Royal Botanic Gardens (Kew, UK) and supported by the Norwegian government. Eggplant is one of the most important vegetable crops in the world, particularly in tropical and subtropical regions. It is classified as one of the 35 most important for food security, and is listed in Annex 1 of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. The project focuses primarily on the adaptation of this crop to climate change in countries in Southeast Asia and West Africa, regions that are particularly vulnerable to climate change and where the eggplant is a staple crop. At the UPV's COMAV institute, wild species are being crossed with local varieties in a strategic, pre-breeding phase prior to the development of new varieties. To date some 58 different hybrids have been obtained by crossing native eggplant varieties with different wild relatives from Africa, the Middle East, Southeast Asia and America that are able to grow in extreme conditions: daytime temperatures of over 35 degrees and night-time temperatures of below zero, in desert regions, for instance. Among the wild species the researchers are working with are Solanum incanum and Solanum torvum. "It is precisely because of this tolerance to abiotic and biotic stresses that wild species are used as the base for crosses and to obtain new eggplant rootstocks. They are crossed with varieties from Sri Lanka and Ivory Coast, and the resulting hybrids are then back-crossed with these same cultivated varieties, introducing only the genes and characteristics we are interested in keeping," comments Jaime Prohens, director of COMAV at the Polytechnic University of Valencia. These results are particularly useful for those working on genetically improving our crops; they are a first step towards obtaining new climate change-resistant varieties, "which might take between five and ten years" to achieve in the context of countries in Southeast Asia, like Sri Lanka, and in West Africa, like Ivory Coast. The project also develops introgression lines (ILs), which are a powerful pre-breeding tool that allows eggplant breeders to have the entire genome of a wild relative scattered across a set of lines with the genetic background of the cultivated eggplant. These introgression lines reduce the time needed to develop varieties with desirable traits from wild species. An important element of this project is the exchange of knowledge and specialization between the different participating groups. To this end, several researchers from Sri Lanka and Ivory Coast have spent time working at the UPV, enabling fruitful collaboration between experts in different fields. The EggPrebreed team, led by the UPV, presented the results achieved to date at the international SOL 2015, the 12th Solanaceae Conference, held in Bordeaux (France) last October. Explore further: Major global analysis offers hope for saving the wild side of staple food crops (w/ Video)

Flash Physics is our daily pick of the latest need-to-know developments from the global physics community selected by Physics World's team of editors and reporters Vibrots are tiny devices that convert linear vibrations into rotational motion and are of great interest to scientists studying the collective motions of particles in physics, biology and chemistry. In this latest study, Christian Scholz, Sean D'Silva and Thorsten Pöschel of Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg in Germany have created a vibrot that is powered by a vibrating floor – something that is common in the processing of granular materials, where collective motion can emerge. The cylindrical device is about 1 cm in diameter and is supported by seven legs, which are all bent at the same angle (see figure). The legs are springy and this causes the vibrot to rotate when subjected to vertical vibrations. In this latest work, Scholz and colleagues identified two distinct ways in which this motion occurs: "ratcheting" and "tumbling". The ratcheting mode occurs at relatively low amplitudes of vibration. The legs of the vibrot move in synchrony as the floor vibrates up and down, with the device getting a rotational kick once every vibrational cycle – much like a ratchet. The tumbling mode occurs at higher vibrational amplitudes and does not involve the synchronous motion of the legs. In this mode, the legs tend to remain in the air for longer than one cycle of the vibration. Although the vibrot does rotate in tumbling mode, it does so in a very irregular manner with chaotic fluctuations. The research is described in New Journal of Physics. The 2017 Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics has been awarded to Joseph Polchinski of the University of California, Santa Barbara and Harvard University's Andrew Strominger and Cumrun Vafa. The trio won for making "transformative advances in quantum field theory, string theory, and quantum gravity". The three physicists share £3m in prize money. The Breakthrough Prize was inaugurated in 2012 by the Russian venture-capitalist Yuri Milner, who had studied theoretical physics. This is the third year that the prize has been awarded to string theorists. The award was presented yesterday at a gala ceremony at the NASA Ames Research Center in California, where celebrities such as actor Morgan Freeman rubbed shoulders with Breakthrough Prize funders including Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg. A special prize was also given to LIGO founders Ronald Drever and Kip Thorne of Caltech and Rainer Weiss of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. This prize was shared with more than 1000 physicists who worked on LIGO when it made the first-ever detection of a gravitational wave in 2015. Also awarded was the 2017 New Horizons in Physics Prize, which was given to five early career physicists. The first photonic device for microwave signals with all of the necessary components fully integrated on a single chip has been produced by researchers in Spain. The design could have important implications for the next generation of wireless communication technology, where the increased requirements for data capacity will require the use of higher-frequency, multiplexed signals that traditional electronics cannot process effectively at the speeds required. Optical signal processing provides an obvious solution, but the cost of the components required has so far proved prohibitive to telecommunications applications. Researchers have attempted to bring down the costs, as well as the physical size and power requirements, by integrating more and more components onto single chips, although this has proved challenging. Now, José Capmany Francoy and colleagues at the Polytechnic University of Valencia have squeezed all of the components necessary for a microwave filter onto a single piece of indium phosphide – including a laser, a tunable optical filter and photodetectors. The optical filter is tuned by changing its temperature – which can be achieved by applying voltages to specific pins of the chip to power an internal heater. The device suffered severe problems: for example, the researchers had to measure the output optically because of interference when measuring the output as an electrical signal. Nevertheless, they believe technical design improvements and elimination of manufacturing imperfections should correct these problems, allowing the researchers to push on towards their goal of a fully integrated, programmable photonic microwave signal processor. The chip is described in Nature Photonics.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-CSA | Phase: ENERGY.2013.10.1.5 | Award Amount: 13.28M | Year: 2014

Europe has invoked the SET-Plan to design and implement an energy technology policy for Europe to accelerate the development and deployment of cost-effective renewable energy systems, including photovoltaics. With lower cost of solar electricity, PV could significantly contribute to the achievements of the 20-20-20 objectives. The Joint Program on PV of the European Energy Research Alliance (EERA-PV) aims to increase the effectiveness and efficiency of PV R&D through alignment and joint programming of R&D of its member institutes, and to contribute to the R&D-needs of the Solar Europe Industry Initiative. In CHEETAH, all EERA-PV members will, through collaborative R&D activities, (1) focus on solving specific bottlenecks in the R&D Joint Program of EERA-PV, (2) strengthen the collaboration between PV R&D performers in Europe through sharing of knowledge, personnel and facilities, and (3) accelerate the implementation of developed technologies in the European PV industry. Specifically, CHEETAH R&D will support Pillar A (performance enhancement & energy cost reduction) of the SEII Implementation Plan, through materials optimization and performance enhancement. CHEETAHs objectives are threefold: 1) Developing new concepts and technologies for wafer-based crystalline silicon PV (modules with ultra-thin cells), thin-film PV (advanced light management) and organic PV (very low-cost barriers), resulting in (strongly) reduced cost of materials and increased module performance; 2) Fostering long-term European cooperation in the PV R&D sector, by organizing workshops, training of researchers, efficient use of infrastructures; 3) Accelerating the implementation of innovative technologies in the PV industry, by a strong involvement of EPIA and EIT-KIC InnoEnergy in the program It is the ambition of CHEETAH to develop technology and foster manufacturing capabilities so that Europe can regain and build up own manufacturing capacity in all parts of the value chain in due time.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: ICT-20-2015 | Award Amount: 7.09M | Year: 2016

A major obstacle to increase the efficiency, effectiveness and quality of education in Europe is the lack of widely available, accessible, multilingual, timely, engaging and high-quality educational material (i.e. OpenCourseWare). The creation of comprehensive OpenCourseWare (OCW) is tedious, time-consuming and expensive, with the effect, that often courseware employed by teachers, instructors and professors is incomplete, outdated, inaccessible to those with disabilities and dull. With the open-source SlideWiki platform (available at the effort of the creation, translation and evolution of highly-structured remixable OCW can be widely shared (i.e. crowdsourced). Similarly to Wikipedia for encyclopaedic content, SlideWiki allows (1) to collaboratively create comprehensive OCW (curricula, slide presentations, self-assessment tests, illustrations etc.) online in a crowdsourcing manner, (2) to semi-automatically translate this content into more than 50 different languages and to improve the translations in a collaborative manner and (3) to support engagement and social networking of educators and learners around that content. SlideWiki is already used by hundreds of educators, thousands of learners. Several hundred comprehensive course materials are available in SlideWiki in dozens of languages. In this large-scale trial project, we will further mature the SlideWiki technology platform, integrate it with a state-of-the-art MOOC delivery platform and perform four large-scale trials in (1) secondary education, (2) vocational and professional training, (3) higher education and (4) community-driven open-education. Each of these large-scale trials will be performed with hundreds of educators and thousands of learners in countries all over Europe. A particular focus of the technology development and testing in the trials will be the suitability for academics, teachers and learners with disabilities.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: IoT-01-2016 | Award Amount: 25.77M | Year: 2017

ACTIVAGE is a European Multi Centric Large Scale Pilot on Smart Living Environments. The main objective is to build the first European IoT ecosystem across 9 Deployment Sites (DS) in seven European countries, reusing and scaling up underlying open and proprietary IoT platforms, technologies and standards, and integrating new interfaces needed to provide interoperability across these heterogeneous platforms, that will enable the deployment and operation at large scale of Active & Healthy Ageing IoT based solutions and services, supporting and extending the independent living of older adults in their living environments, and responding to real needs of caregivers, service providers and public authorities. The project will deliver the ACTIVAGE IoT Ecosystem Suite (AIOTES), a set of Techniques, Tools and Methodologies for interoperability at different layers between heterogeneous IoT Platforms and an Open Framework for providing Semantic Interoperability of IoT Platforms for AHA, addressing trustworthiness, privacy, data protection and security. User-demand driven interoperable IoT-enabled Active & Healthy Ageing solutions will be deployed on top of the AIOTES in every DS, enhancing and scaling up existing services, for the promotion of independent living, the mitigation of frailty, and preservation of quality of life and autonomy. ACTIVAGE will assess the socio-economic impact, the benefits of IoT-based smart living environments in the quality of life and autonomy, and in the sustainability of the health and social care systems, demonstrating the seamless capacity of integration and interoperability of the IoT ecosystem, and validating new business, financial and organizational models for care delivery, ensuring the sustainability after the project end, and disseminating these results to a worldwide audience. The consortium comprises industries, research centres, SMEs, service providers, public authorities encompassing the whole value chain in every Deployment Site.

Garcia-Meca C.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Hurtado J.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Marti J.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Martinez A.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | And 2 more authors.
Physical Review Letters | Year: 2011

We experimentally demonstrate a low-loss multilayered metamaterial exhibiting a double-negative refractive index in the visible spectral range. To this end, we exploit a second-order magnetic resonance of the so-called fishnet structure. The low-loss nature of the employed magnetic resonance, together with the effect of the interacting adjacent layers, results in a figure of merit as high as 3.34. A wide spectral range of negative index is achieved, covering the wavelength region between 620 and 806 nm with only two different designs. © 2011 American Physical Society.

Gutierrez Garcia J.,University of the Basque Country | Romaguera S.,Polytechnic University of Valencia
Fuzzy Sets and Systems | Year: 2011

Answering a recent question posed by Gregori et al. [On a class of completable fuzzy metric spaces, Fuzzy Sets and Systems 161 (2010), 2193-2205] we present two examples of non-strong fuzzy metrics (in the sense of George and Veeramani). © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Prieto G.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Concepcion P.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Martinez A.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Mendoza E.,Polytechnic University of Catalonia
Journal of Catalysis | Year: 2011

A series of 2.5% Rh/M@Al2O3 model catalysts were prepared by supporting Rh on high-area γ-Al2O3, resulting in a surface covered by a monolayer (4.5-7 atoms/nm2) of MOx promoter oxides (M = Fe, V, Nb, Ta, Ti, Y, Pr, Nd, Sm). The catalysts were extensively characterized and evaluated for the conversion of synthesis gas to oxygenates at 553 K, 5.0 MPa, H2/CO = 1, and space velocity adjusted to attain CO conversion around 15%. The broad range of products formed depending on the specific promoter were, for the first time, quantitatively described using the selectivity parameter (Φ) defined here, which indicates, for a given reaction product, the contribution of carbon atoms derived from dissociative (Cdis) and nondissociative (C ins) activation of CO. Both the catalytic activity and, more interestingly, the selectivity pattern given by the Φ parameter were correlated with the electronic properties of the MOx promoters (i.e., electron-donating/electron-withdrawing capacity) for an extensive series of catalysts. Low-temperature and at-work CO-FTIR experiments suggested that the high activity and hydrocarbon selectivity displayed by catalysts promoted by more electron-withdrawing (acidic) oxide promoters (e.g., TaOx) were related to a higher proportion of bridged Rh2(CO)B adsorption sites and to a higher electron density (i.e., a higher electron back-donation ability) of the Rh0 surface sites, both factors promoting CO dissociation events. In contrast, linear CO adsorption on Rh 0 sites displaying decreased electron back-donation in catalysts promoted by electron-donating (basic) oxides (e.g., PrOx, SmO x) was likely related to nondissociative CO activation and thus to the selective formation of oxygenates. TEM, XPS, and CO-FTIR results pointed to differences in morphology, rather than size or partial electronic charge, of the nanosized Rh0 crystallites as the likely cause for the different proportions of CO adsorption sites. The Rh0 NP morphology, both as-reduced and at-work, is a function of the electronic properties of the underlying promoter oxide. © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Li L.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Zhou H.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Gomez-Hernandez J.J.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Hendricks Franssen H.-J.,Jülich Research Center
Journal of Hydrology | Year: 2012

Real-time data from on-line sensors offer the possibility to update environmental simulation models in real-time. Information from on-line sensors concerning contaminant concentrations in groundwater allow for the real-time characterization and control of a contaminant plume. In this paper it is proposed to use the CPU-efficient Ensemble Kalman Filter (EnKF) method, a data assimilation algorithm, for jointly updating the flow and transport parameters (hydraulic conductivity and porosity) and state variables (piezometric head and concentration) of a groundwater flow and contaminant transport problem. A synthetic experiment is used to demonstrate the capability of the EnKF to estimate hydraulic conductivity and porosity by assimilating dynamic head and multiple concentration data in a transient flow and transport model. In this work the worth of hydraulic conductivity, porosity, piezometric head, and concentration data is analyzed in the context of aquifer characterization and prediction uncertainty reduction. The results indicate that the characterization of the hydraulic conductivity and porosity fields is continuously improved as more data are assimilated. Also, groundwater flow and mass transport predictions are improved as more and different types of data are assimilated. The beneficial impact of accounting for multiple concentration data is patent. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.

Moragues M.E.,Unidad University | Moragues M.E.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Moragues M.E.,CIBER ISCIII | Martinez-Manez R.,Unidad University | And 5 more authors.
Chemical Society Reviews | Year: 2011

This critical review is focused on examples reported in the year 2009 dealing with the design of chromogenic and fluorogenic chemosensors or reagents for anions (264 references). © 2011 The Royal Society of Chemistry.

Morales S.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Naranjo V.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Angulo U.,MINES ParisTech | Alcaniz M.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Alcaniz M.,CIBER ISCIII
IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging | Year: 2013

The algorithm proposed in this paper allows to automatically segment the optic disc from a fundus image. The goal is to facilitate the early detection of certain pathologies and to fully automate the process so as to avoid specialist intervention. The method proposed for the extraction of the optic disc contour is mainly based on mathematical morphology along with principal component analysis (PCA). It makes use of different operations such as generalized distance function (GDF), a variant of the watershed transformation, the stochastic watershed, and geodesic transformations. The input of the segmentation method is obtained through PCA. The purpose of using PCA is to achieve the grey-scale image that better represents the original RGB image. The implemented algorithm has been validated on five public databases obtaining promising results. The average values obtained (a Jaccard's and Dice's coefficients of 0.8200 and 0.8932, respectively, an accuracy of 0.9947, and a true positive and false positive fractions of 0.9275 and 0.0036) demonstrate that this method is a robust tool for the automatic segmentation of the optic disc. Moreover, it is fairly reliable since it works properly on databases with a large degree of variability and improves the results of other state-of-the-art methods. © 1982-2012 IEEE.

Blum C.,Polytechnic University of Catalonia | Miralles C.,Polytechnic University of Valencia
Computers and Operations Research | Year: 2010

Certain types of manufacturing processes can be modelled by assembly line balancing problems. In this work we deal with a specific assembly line balancing problem that is known as the assembly line worker assignment and balancing problem (ALWABP). This problem appears in settings where tasks must be assigned to workers, and workers to work stations. Task processing times are worker specific, and workers might even be incompatible with certain tasks. The ALWABP was introduced to model assembly lines typical for sheltered work centers for the Disabled. In this paper we introduce an algorithm based on beam search for solving the ALWABP with the objective of minimizing the cycle time when given a fixed number of work stations, respectively, workers. This problem version is denoted as ALWABP-2. The experimental results show that our algorithm is currently a state-of-the-art method for the ALWABP-2. In comparison to results from the literature, our algorithm obtains better or equal results in all cases. Moreover, the algorithm is very robust for what concerns the application to problem instances of different characteristics. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Giner-Santonja G.,Valencia Technologies | Aragones-Beltran P.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Niclos-Ferragut J.,Polytechnic University of Valencia
Journal of Cleaner Production | Year: 2012

The European Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control Bureau produces reference documents on Best Available Techniques, called BREFs. These documents give technical and descriptive information about the installations that represent a significant pollution potential in Europe. However, they do not provide an assessment of the Best Available Techniques, which is a decision to be made by the competent environmental authority. The present work proposes a decision-making process for assessing Best Available Techniques based on the Analytic Network Process. Seven evaluation criteria, grouped into three clusters, have been proposed. The process is applied to a case study and the results are described and analyzed. As a main conclusion, this paper describes a robust and scientific method for a better implementation of the Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control approach. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Vorberger J.,University of Warwick | Donko Z.,Hungarian Academy of Sciences | Tkachenko I.M.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Gericke D.O.,University of Warwick
Physical Review Letters | Year: 2012

The dynamics of the ion structure in warm dense matter is determined by molecular dynamics simulations using an effective ion-ion potential. This potential is obtained from abinitio simulations and has a strong short-range repulsion added to a screened Coulomb potential. Models based on static or dynamic local field corrections are found to be insufficient to describe the data. An extended Mermin approach, a hydrodynamic model, and the method of moments with local constraints are capable of reproducing the numerical results but have rather limited predictive powers as they all need some numerical data as input. The method of moments is found to be the most promising. © 2012 American Physical Society.

San Emeterio J.L.,Spanish National Research Council CSIC | Rodriguez-Hernandez M.A.,Polytechnic University of Valencia
2012 19th International Conference on Systems, Signals and Image Processing, IWSSIP 2012 | Year: 2012

Results on the use of stationary wavelets for the removal of noise from ultrasonic A-scans, with very low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), are presented. Both synthetic and experimental ultrasonic A-scans have been used. Synthetic ultrasonic traces have been generated using an approximate speckle model which includes frequency dependent attenuation and scattering. Ultrasonic signals acquired from a test block made of austenitic steel have also been denoised. Results obtained using a Cycle-Spinning (CS) implementation of the stationary wavelet transform are compared with those obtained using with the Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT), using soft thresholding and two decomposition level dependent threshold selection rules (Universal and SURE). It is shown that both DWT and CS denoising procedures yield very bad results when using Universal thresholds. It is also shown that CS denoising using SURE thresholds is an effective approach to denoise ultrasonic signals with low initial SNR, providing very good results for both synthetic and experimental A-scans. © 2012 Institute of Telecommunica.

Campos-Rodriguez F.,Hospital Universitario Of Valme | Martinez-Garcia M.A.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Martinez-Garcia M.A.,CIBER ISCIII | Reyes-Nunez N.,Hospital Universitario Of Valme | And 3 more authors.
American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine | Year: 2014

Rationale: It is unknown whether obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) may be a risk factor for incident cardiovascular events in women. Objectives: We sought to investigate whether OSA increases the incidence of a composite of stroke or coronary heart disease (CHD) in women, and the role of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment on this association. Methods: This was a prospective, observational study conducted in two Spanish teaching hospitals between 1998 and 2007. Consecutive women referred for suspected OSA and free of previous stroke and CHD were analyzed. Women with an apnea - hypopnea index (AHI) less than 10 comprised the control group, and those with an AHI greater than or equal to 10 were diagnosed with OSA and classi fi ed as CPAP-treated (adherence ≥ 4 h/d) or untreated (adherence < 4 h/d or not prescribed). The follow-up ended in December 2010. Measurements and Main Results: A total of 967 women were studied (median follow-up, 6.8 yr; interquartile range, 5.2-8.2). The untreated OSA group showed a greater incidence rate of the composite outcome than the control group (2.19 vs. 0.54 per 100 person-years; P < 0.0005). Compared with the control group, the fully adjusted hazard ratios for the composite outcome incidence were 2.76 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.35-5.62) for the untreated OSA group, and 0.91 (95% CI, 0.43-1.95) for the CPAP-treated group.Whenthe type of cardiovascular event was separately assessed, untreated OSA showed a stronger association with incident stroke (adjusted hazard ratio, 6.44; 95% CI, 1.46-28.3) than with CHD (adjusted hazard ratio, 1.77; 95% CI, 0.76-4.09). Conclusions: In women, untreatedOSAis associated with increased incidence of serious cardiovascular outcomes, particularly incident stroke. Adequate CPAP treatment seems to reduce this risk. Copyright © 2014 by the American Thoracic Society.

Santos-Figueroa L.E.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Santos-Figueroa L.E.,CIBER ISCIII | Moragues M.E.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Moragues M.E.,CIBER ISCIII | And 8 more authors.
Chemical Society Reviews | Year: 2013

This review focuses on examples reported in the years 2010-2011 dealing with the design of chromogenic and fluorogenic chemosensors or reagents for anions. © 2013 The Royal Society of Chemistry.

Navarro B.,CNR Institute of Plant virology | Gisel A.,CNR Institute of Biomedical Technologies | Rodio M.E.,CNR Institute of Plant virology | Delgado S.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | And 2 more authors.
Plant Journal | Year: 2012

How viroids, tiny non-protein-coding RNAs (∼250-400 nt), incite disease is unclear. One hypothesis is that viroid-derived small RNAs (vd-sRNAs; 21-24 nt) resulting from the host defensive response, via RNA silencing, may target for cleavage cell mRNAs and trigger a signal cascade, eventually leading to symptoms. Peach latent mosaic viroid (PLMVd), a chloroplast-replicating viroid, is particularly appropriate to tackle this question because it induces an albinism (peach calico, PC) strictly associated with variants containing a specific 12-14-nt hairpin insertion. By dissecting albino and green leaf sectors of Prunus persica (peach) seedlings inoculated with PLMVd natural and artificial variants, and cloning their progeny, we have established that the hairpin insertion sequence is involved in PC. Furthermore, using deep sequencing, semi-quantitative RT-PCR and RNA ligase-mediated rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE), we have determined that two PLMVd-sRNAs containing the PC-associated insertion (PC-sRNA8a and PC-sRNA8b) target for cleavage the mRNA encoding the chloroplastic heat-shock protein 90 (cHSP90), thus implicating RNA silencing in the modulation of host gene expression by a viroid. Chloroplast malformations previously reported in PC-expressing tissues are consistent with the downregulation of cHSP90, which participates in chloroplast biogenesis and plastid-to-nucleus signal transduction in Arabidopsis. Besides PC-sRNA8a and PC-sRNA8b, both deriving from the less-abundant PLMVd (-) strand, we have identified other PLMVd-sRNAs potentially targeting peach mRNAs. These results also suggest that sRNAs derived from other PLMVd regions may downregulate additional peach genes, ultimately resulting in other symptoms or in a more favorable host environment for viroid infection. © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Marpaung D.,University of Twente | Marpaung D.,University of Sydney | Roeloffzen C.,University of Twente | Heideman R.,LioniX BV | And 4 more authors.
Laser and Photonics Reviews | Year: 2013

Microwave photonics (MWP) is an emerging field in which radio frequency (RF) signals are generated, distributed, processed and analyzed using the strength of photonic techniques. It is a technology that enables various functionalities which are not feasible to achieve only in the microwave domain. A particular aspect that recently gains significant interests is the use of photonic integrated circuit (PIC) technology in the MWP field for enhanced functionalities and robustness as well as the reduction of size, weight, cost and power consumption. This article reviews the recent advances in this emerging field which is dubbed as integrated microwave photonics. Key integrated MWP technologies are reviewed and the prospective of the field is discussed. Microwave photonics (MWP) is an emerging field in which radio frequency (RF) signals are generated, distributed, processed and analyzed using the strength of photonic techniques. It is a technology that enables various functionalities which are not feasible to achieve only in the microwave domain. A particular aspect that recently gains significant interests is the use of photonic integrated circuit (PIC) technology in the MWP field for enhanced functionalities and robustness as well as the reduction of size, weight, cost and power consumption. This article reviews the recent advances in this emerging field which is dubbed as integrated microwave photonics. Key integrated MWP technologies are reviewed and the prospective of the field is discussed. © 2013 by WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

Ginzburg P.,King's College London | Rodriguez-Fortuno F.J.,King's College London | Rodriguez-Fortuno F.J.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Martinez A.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Zayats A.V.,King's College London
Nano Letters | Year: 2012

The Hanle effect, one of the first manifestations of quantum theory introducing the concept of coherent superposition between pure states, plays a key role in numerous aspects of science varying from applicative spectroscopy to fundamental astrophysical investigations. Optical analogues of quantum effects help to achieve deeper understanding of quantum phenomena and, in turn, to develop cross-disciplinary approaches to realizations of new applications in photonics. Here we show that metallic nanostructures can be designed to exhibit a plasmonic analogue of the quantum Hanle effect and the associated polarization rotation. In the original Hanle effect, time-reversal symmetry is broken by a static magnetic field. We achieve this by introducing dissipative level crossing of localized surface plasmons due to nonuniform losses, designed using a non-Hermitian formulation of quantum mechanics. Such artificial plasmonic "atoms" have been shown to exhibit strong circular birefringence and circular dichroism which depends on the value of loss or gain in the metal-dielectric nanostructure. © 2012 American Chemical Society.

Pallares L.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Hajjar J.F.,University of Illinois at Urbana - Champaign
Journal of Constructional Steel Research | Year: 2010

The formula in the 2005 American Institute of Steel Construction Specification to compute the strength of headed steel stud anchors (shear connectors) in composite steel/concrete structures has been used in the United States since 1993, after being proposed based primarily on the results of push-out tests. In the past several decades, the range of members used in composite structures has increased significantly, as has the number of tests in the literature on the monotonic and cyclic behavior of headed studs in composite construction. This paper reviews 391 monotonic and cyclic tests from the literature on experiments of headed stud anchors and proposes formulas for the limit states of steel failure and concrete failure of headed stud anchors subjected to shear force without the use of a metal deck. Detailing provisions to prevent premature pryout failure are also discussed. This paper also reviews proposals from several authors and provides recommended shear strength values for the seismic behavior of headed studs. The limit state formulas are proposed within the context of the 2005 AISC Specification, and comparisons are made to the provisions in the ACI 318-08 Building Code, the PCI Handbook, 6th Edition, and Eurocode 4. The scope of this research includes composite beam-columns [typically concrete-encased steel shapes (SRCs) or concrete-filled steel tubes (CFTs)], concrete-encased and concrete-filled beams, boundary elements of composite wall systems, composite connections, composite column base conditions, and related forms of composite construction. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Pallares L.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Hajjar J.F.,University of Illinois at Urbana - Champaign
Journal of Constructional Steel Research | Year: 2010

The 2005 AISC Specification for Structural Steel Buildings is the leading specification for composite construction in the US. However, these provisions do not provide a recommendation for computing the strength of headed steel stud anchors (traditionally used as shear connectors) under tension or combined tension and shear. Headed stud anchors are subjected to these types of forces in composite structures such as infill walls, composite coupling beams, the connection region of composite columns, or composite column bases. While the ACI 318-08 Building Code, the PCI Handbook, 6th edition, and CEB Design of Fastenings in Concrete include provisions for such conditions, those provisions are geared for more general anchorage conditions than are typically seen in composite construction. It would thus be beneficial to have design guidance specifically for the case of headed steel stud anchors subjected to tension or combined tension and shear in composite construction, evaluated within the context of the AISC and EC-4 Specifications. In this work, different strength equations to compute the nominal tensile strength of a headed stud are reviewed and compared to experimental results. The resulting recommendations seek to ensure a ductile failure in the steel shank instead of a brittle failure within the concrete. Several criteria are proposed to ensure that ductile failure controls in composite construction, and, different headed stud configurations and detailing reinforcement recommendations are proposed to improve the ductile behavior of headed stud anchors subjected to tension and combined tension and shear. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Bonet J.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Bonilla A.,University of La Laguna
Complex Analysis and Operator Theory | Year: 2013

Motivated by recent work on the rate of growth of frequently hypercyclic entire functions due to Blasco, Grosse-Erdmann and Bonilla, we investigate conditions to ensure that the differentiation operator is chaotic or frequently hypercyclic on generalized weighted Bergman spaces of entire functions studied by Lusky, whenever the differentiation operator is continuous. As a consequence we partially complete the knowledge of possible rates of growth of frequently hypercyclic entire functions for the differentiation operator. © 2011 Springer Basel AG.

Coll C.,Unidad University | Coll C.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Coll C.,CIBER ISCIII | Bernardos A.,Unidad University | And 7 more authors.
Accounts of Chemical Research | Year: 2013

Blending molecular and supramolecular advances with materials science has resulted in recent years in the development of new organic-inorganic hybrid materials displaying innovative functionalities. One appealing concept in this field is the development of gated nanodevices. These materials are prepared by grafting molecular or supramolecular caps onto the external surface of mesoporous inorganic scaffolds loaded with a particular cargo. The caps or "gates" can then be opened and the cargo delivered at will upon the application of a given stimulus.In this Account, we report some of the recent advances we have made in designing such materials for drug delivery and as new chromo-fluorogenic probes. For controlled release applications, we have prepared capped hybrid mesoporous supports capable of being selectively opened by applying certain physical and chemical stimuli. We report examples of gated materials opened by changes in pH (using polyamines as caps), light (employing spiropyran derivatives or gold nanoparticles), and temperature (using selected paraffins). We also report gated materials opened by enzymes that cleave capping molecules based on lactose, hydrolyzed starch, and peptides. The use of enzymes is especially appealing because molecular caps built of enzyme-specific sequences made of peptides or other cleavable molecules could allow on-command delivery of drugs and biomolecules in specialized contexts.In the second part of the manuscript, we revisit the possibility of using hybrid gated nanomaterials as sensory systems. In such systems, when target analytes interact with the cap, their presence triggers the transport of a dye from pores to the solution, resulting in a chromo-fluorogenic signal that allows their detection. Two approaches are possible. In the first one, pores remain open and the dye can diffuse into the solution, until the presence of a target analyte binds to receptors in the caps and closes the gate. In the second approach, the caps are closed and the presence of a target analyte induces pore opening and dye delivery. One of the most interesting properties of these sensory hybrid materials is their inherent amplification features, because few target analyte molecules can modulate the transport of a significant amount of dye molecules within the porous network. We describe such systems for the recognition and sensing of anionic (ATP, long-chain carboxylates, anionic surfactants, borate, and oligonucleotides), cationic (methylmercury), and neutral (nerve agent simulants and sulfathiazole) species. © 2012 American Chemical Society.

Bae K.,University of Illinois at Urbana - Champaign | Escobar S.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Meseguer J.,University of Illinois at Urbana - Champaign
Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics, LIPIcs | Year: 2013

A concurrent system can be naturally specified as a rewrite theory R = (∑,E,R) where states are elements of the initial algebra T∑/E and concurrent transitions are axiomatized by the rewrite rules R. Under simple conditions, narrowing with rules R modulo equations E can be used to symbolically represent the system's state space by means of terms with logical variables. We call this symbolic representation a logical state space and it can also be used for model checking verification of LTL properties. Since in general such a logical state space can be infinite, we propose several abstraction techniques for obtaining either an over-approximation or an underapproximation of the logical state space: (i) a folding abstraction that collapses patterns into more general ones, (ii) an easy-to-check method to define (bisimilar) equational abstractions, and (iii) an iterated bounded model checking method that can detect if a logical state space within a given bound is complete. We also show that folding abstractions can be faithful for safety LTL properties, so that they do not generate any spurious counterexamples. These abstraction methods can be used in combination and, as we illustrate with examples, can be effective in making the logical state space finite. We have implemented these techniques in the Maude system, providing the first narrowing-based LTL model checker we are aware of. © Kyungmin Bae, Santiago Escobar, and Jose Meseguer; licensed under Creative Commons License CC-BY 24th International Conference on Rewriting Techniques and Applications (RTA'13).

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.1.1 | Award Amount: 3.88M | Year: 2008

Ultra-Wide Band (UWB) is a wireless technology which exhibits unique features such as spectrum coexistence with other wireless services, RF front-end simplicity (enabling potential low cost terminals), good radio wave propagation (robustness against multi-path fading, material penetration) and high bitrate. \nCurrent UWB implementations target short-range ultra-high bitrate point-to-point wireless communication. UCELLS project will develop the required technology to enable the cellular operation of UWB transceivers. This cellular operation enables the seamless provision of UWB communication along a medium range user area, e.g. a whole office or home.\nCellular operation of UWB transceivers requires the spectral coexistence of UWB wireless communications with other wireless licensed services operating in the same band. Strong concerns exist nowadays regarding this coexistence. These concerns are reflected in the strict maximum radiated power imposed by the Spectrum Regulation Agencies (e.g. FCC and ETSI) in current UWB regulation to avoid UWB-induced interferences.\nThe cellular UWB technology in UCELLS guarantee that regulated radiation limits are meet in a given coverage area, despite a large number of UWB transmitters are in operation and/or the transmission limits are locally exceeded. In UCELLS radiated power limits could be locally relaxed in some frequency sub-bands, which is reflected it larger UWB range, higher bitrate and larger user capacity.\nUCELLS monitors spectral radiation limits at the cellular coverage area boundary by a real-time spectrum monitor. This system with unique features (large bandwidth, high dynamic range and good spectral resolution) is implemented using a photonic analogue-to-digital converter (Ph-ADC). The associated spectral analysis algorithms to optimise both the system performance and an efficient spectrum utilisation of cellular UWB communication are also developed in UCELLS.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.5.1 | Award Amount: 3.60M | Year: 2011

Depression is one of the most common causes of short and long term disability in Europe. It accounts for substantial costs both directly to health services and indirectly through lost productivity and the burden of caring. Most patients with Major Depression (MD) recover with treatment, which may be with antidepressant drugs, psychological therapy or, in severe cases, hospitalisation. However for many, that recovery is either slow or incomplete. Research shows that psychological therapies can be delivered effectively without face to face contact: computerised cognitive behavioural therapy (CCBT) is suitable for self-guided treatment in the individuals own home. However, its value for patients is limited by the difficulty of staying engaged, and there are professional concerns that important changes in mood may be missed. Help4Mood proposes to significantly advance the state-of-the-art in computerized support for people with MD by monitoring mood, thoughts, physical activity and voice characteristics, prompting adherence to CCBT, and promoting behaviours in response to monitored inputs. These advances will be delivered through a Virtual Agent (VA) which can interact with the patient through a combination of enriched prompts, dialogue, body movements and facial expressions. Monitoring will combine existing (movement sensor, psychological ratings) and novel (voice analysis) technologies, as inputs to a pattern recognition based decision support system for treatment management. The advances in Help4Mood will provide a closed loop approach to treatment support for MD patients. Outputs include: a validated personal monitoring system; a personal interaction system embodied in a VA and a clinical decision support module. By identifying and supporting patients with delayed recovery, Help4Mood has the potential to target added support for patients most in need and lead to their earlier return to normal health and social and economic activity.

Consejo Superior De Investigaciones Cientificas, Autonomous University of Madrid and Polytechnic University of Valencia | Date: 2015-06-16

This invention relates to a compound that induces or activates telomerase activity based on the nucleotide sequence of the GSE 24.2 fragment of dyskerin or the protein or peptide sequence encoded by said nucleotide sequence. Another part of the invention relates to vectors that comprise said sequence and cells transformed thereby, and pharmaceutical compositions that contain all these elements. These compositions may be used in the treatment of diseases from the following group: ageing or acceleration of ageing, neurodegenerative diseases and dyskeratosis congenita.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: NMP-2008-1.2-3 | Award Amount: 2.41M | Year: 2009

COMETNANO project is an integrated approach of metallic-nanoparticles synthesis, their controlled combustion in internal combustion engines and regeneration of the respective metal-oxides via reduction by renewable means. The main objectives of COMETNANO project are the following: -The production of tailor-made metal fuel nanoparticles with controllable combustion rate. -The utilization of an environmental-friendly way for the regeneration of burned particles (oxides), employing 100% renewable hydrogen produced by solar-thermal dissociation of water in coated monolithic reactors. Under such a concept, metal particles become an energy carrier and a means of converting hydrogen-energy into a medium that can be stored and transported easier and safer. -The innovative exploitation of low-cost raw materials, such as discarded fractions/wastes or by-products of metal industries, for the production of the initial metallic nanoparticles. -The introduction of required modifications, based on the existing mature technology of conventional internal combustion engines (ICEs), for the definition of the first metal-fuelled ICE. -The elimination of NOx emissions by proper combustion tuning. -The investigation of potential environmental and health dangers stemming from metallic and oxidic nanoparticles and the introduction of basic protection measurements. The successful completion of COMETNANO project will provide the necessary answers concerning the feasibility and the environmental benefits of such an innovative concept, thus stimulating the interest of both automotive and metal industries. The COMETNANO consortium consists of 5 organizations from 4 E.U. countries, including 2 Industrial partners, 2 Research Institutes and 1 University.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: ICT-21-2016 | Award Amount: 1.16M | Year: 2017

Aerial photography and filming represent an indispensable resource for the Creative Industries (CIs). When filming in indoor environments, auxiliary devices as cable cams, camera rails, jibs, scaffolds or lifting platforms are being employed, enabling to realize special aerial camera shots. With the rise of Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS), commonly known as drones, CIs are increasingly focusing on its use outdoors, providing significant advantages over current photography and filming techniques such as widening the creative possibilities and freedom of camera movement, less invasive and risky compared to auxiliary devices and affordable. However, RPAS cannot be professionally employed indoors by the CIs. Existing RPAS lack of a precise, robust and affordable indoor positioning system (IPS) as well as advanced safety features. Without a good IPS the control of the RPAS in indoor environments is particularly difficult and even unsafe. Currently, there are three IPS suitable for RPAS, but these are too expensive (200k), or present large limitations (e.g. sensitive to light conditions) for its usage by CI SMEs. This jeopardizes the creative possibilities of CI and their competitiveness. Hence, the main goal of AiRT project is to provide the European CI SMEs a tool that, by expanding their creative spaces will help them to offer new services, which in turn will increase their changes to grow within the European and international market. To accomplish this objective, AiRT project will develop the worlds first indoor RPAS specifically designed for professional use by the CIs. As a result, over 900.000 European CI firms will benefit from the transfer of the latest advances in IPS, 3D scene reconstruction, navigation and active / passive safety measures into an intelligent indoor RPAS, being able to avoid both static and dynamic objects. In addition AiRT system could be programmed in order to fly autonomously, enabling the CIs to focus on the camera control.

Polytechnic University of Valencia and Jülich Research Center | Date: 2011-06-28

The material according to the invention is based on a material having the composition Ln_(6)WO_(12 )with a defect fluorite structure in which the cations, at least partially, have been substituted in a defined manner in the A and/or B position. It has the following composition: Ln_(1-x)A_(x))_(6)(W_(1-y)B_(y))_(z)O_(12-) where The mixed proton-electron conducting material exhibits an improved mixed conductivity, good chemical stability as well as good sintering properties, and can be used in particular as a material for a hydrogen-separating membrane or as a electrolyte at higher temperatures.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: SST.2008.1.1.6. | Award Amount: 12.92M | Year: 2009

The study of CER, UNIFE, UIC and Euromot of the railway and engine manufacturing industries concluded on a risk of disruptive effect of the NRMM Directive application on the railway diesel vehicle supply market, leading to a possible risk of a partial modal shift from rail to road on regional passenger lines and freight transportation specialized routes, with even foreseeable consequences on the operations of the main electrified system. Such a shift would of course be highly detrimental to the achievement of the general objectives of a sustainable development of the European transport system. The project would also find the best balance between environmental and economical requirements, in order to avoid an always possible shift from rail transport to a less sustainable mode like road, even on electrified main routes would also encourage the engine industry to give rail applications serious consideration in their product development plans and provide the European Commission with proposals for a flexible move to the IIIB objective. The four years project is therefore build on the basis of several application sub-projects, representative of the different engine applications (rail cars, Diesel Multiple Units, shunting locomotives, main line light and heavy-haul locomotives) that will enable the industry to evaluate the different solutions to be applied to rail systems in real operating conditions. The optimum trade-off between the reduction of pollutant emissions by rail vehicles and the fuel energy consumption and CO2 emissions, as well as the overall impact of the applied technologies on the environment through a life cycle assessment approach, will be identified by this experimental part of the project. But the rail manufacturing industry also wishes to foster the development of rail specific applications of innovative solutions so as to even further develop the competitive advantages of rail transport in terms of sustainable development.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.10.1.5 | Award Amount: 1.25M | Year: 2011

The main goal of EUBrazilOpenBio is to deploy an e-Infrastructure of open access resources (data, tools, services), to make significant strides towards supporting the needs and requirements of the biodiversity scientific community.\nThis data e-Infrastructure will result from the federation and integration of substantial individual existing data, cloud, and grid EU and Brazilian infrastructures and resources across the biodiversity & taxonomy domain namely Catalogue of Life, OpenModeller, D4Science-II and Venus-C. The breadth & depth of the resulting data infrastructure & the openness of its resources will enable a large variety of new cost-effective, cross-disciplinary virtual research environment applications thus opening the way to its widespread adoption and exploitation by the worldwide biodiversity scientific community.\nAccelerating the creation of a data e-Infrastructure of open access resources pursues interoperability with end-user technologies, & contributes to social, environmental agendas. Europe through international cooperation can facilitate the exploitation of European excellence & results in data infrastructure & cloud computing to enhance European competitiveness & job opportunities. Project goals are two Use Cases: 1. Integration between Regional & Global Taxonomies; 2. Data usability & use of ecological niche modelling. The interoperation runs through all infrastructures: hardware & computing facilities, portals & platforms, scientific data knowledge infrastructures\nPrincipal Outputs: 2 user scenarios, a software platform with a specific Software Development Cooperation Environment, computational e-Infrastructure, at least 50 seed resources (dataset, services, platforms, computational & storage resources) offered to the biodiversity community, a consolidated community of biodiversity scientists, socio-economic impact report, an EUBrazil joint action plan on recommendations & future co-operation.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.5.1 | Award Amount: 5.15M | Year: 2010

Mental health care represents over a third of the cost of health care to all EU nations. However little is being done to develop effective systems for Prevention of the onset of the illnesses or to provide easier Diagnosis with a view to better determine the effects of treatment.\nOPTIMI will change this by developing tools to perform Prediction through early identification of the onset of an illness by monitoring poor coping behaviour. It is based on the hypothesis that the central issue and starting point of longer term mental illness depends on the individuals capacity and ability to cope with stress.\nOPTIMI will first identify the occurrence of high stress in the individual on a daily basis. Then it will determine the ongoing effect of stress on the individual by studying the behaviour pattern over a longer period. Finally it will also make estimates of the base line changes in the persons state of mind using symptomatic measurements that closely link depression with cognitive, motor and verbal behaviour. We will use wearable and domestic appliances and identification will be based on noting when stress occurs, at a fine time resolution using ECG and Cortisol, and daily using the Electronic Diary. The effects on behaviour will be identified using EEG, Voice analysis, Physical Activity analysis and the Electronic Diary. Finally specific markers of depression will be checked using EEG, Voice analysis and Physical Activity.The smart sensors will be enhanced with a knowledge based rule system to interpret the data and provide a diagnostic tool for both pharmacological and CBT based preventative and intervening treatments. We will then augment two existing CCBT systems to use these tools in real time to optimise the treatment cycle. We will conduct two phases of trials with volunteers who come from high risk situations (such as mothers caring for a disabled child, recession unemployed and critical final examinations) both phases being held in total in 5 countries

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENERGY.2009.7.3.3 | Award Amount: 3.76M | Year: 2010

Electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles (EV, PHEV) have the potential to contribute significantly to solving contemporary and future environmental and economic challenges of mobility. Various projects in different EU member states are currently addressing the subject in an isolated manner. The G4V consortium consisting of major European electric utilities and distinguished academic institutions are now adopting a holistic European approach to analyse the impact of a mass introduction in detail in order to optimise the grid infrastructure and make use of the inherent opportunities this represents for the operation of smart grids and energy efficiency. The objective of the project is to develop an analytical framework for the planning of technological developments in the grid infrastructure and the definition of related ICT and policy requirements in order to cope with the mass introduction of EV and PHEV. On the one hand, the aim is to clearly understand the effects of a mass introduction under physically given parameters and taking into account local aspects in different EU member states. On the other hand, the opportunities consisting in active demand and storage possibilities will be extensively explored as these also imply options for managing the possible negative impacts on the grid. The project will deliver recommendations on aspects such as possible ICT solutions, grid services anticipating, RES integration, prediction of mobile customers who are potential energy traders and the impact of dedicated tariffs. To ensure an open and holistic approach, the project will take all stakeholders into account and has established an advisory board consisting of institutions along the whole value chain. The project will generate fast and openly available results within 18 months: An analytical framework to evaluate the impact of a large scale introduction on the grid infrastructure and a visionary road map for the year 2020 and beyond.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: FTIPilot-01-2016 | Award Amount: 2.13M | Year: 2016

The wine industry is strategically for Europe, both economically and socially speaking. Its competitive position in the global market depends on the long-term reputation of its wines, which needs many years to be built but can be lost quickly with a poor wine. The risk of losing reputation is high when repeatability cannot be granted, which happens ever more in the vineyards where manual data sampling is meager due to unaffordable costs. Therefore, our aim is to industrialize, demonstrate, and take as first ones to market an innovative expert field monitoring system (decision support system) embedded in a small-size and cost-efficient robot for the vineyard, which will be the follow-up of the successful EU-funded project VineRobot (TRL6/7). In order to ensure commercial success, we will optimize both the external design and the internal electronics, as well as industrialize the navigation and mapping software for top performance, protection, and user friendliness. For this we count on an industry-driven consortium, targeting one of the largest agricultural sectors in Europe, with a strong business plan and the support of a large number of committed industry leaders and end-users, ensuring a rapid market deployment. Market penetration will be boosted by the SMEs already active in the robotics and viticulture sectors, reinforced by strategic tradeshows and international conferences. As a result, we target a cumulative turnover of 33 Million in five years yielding 10.9 Million of industrial benefits, reaching a market adoption of 5% which will provide service to 54,540 ha of EU vineyard area. In addition, VineScout technology will attract young farmers to rural areas, which is becoming crucial for the sustainability of the sector since current farming population is near retirement age. The practical adoption of robotics in agriculture will create employment, in part with the advent of new industries related to ICT, precision management, and data interpretation.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-CSA-Infra | Phase: INFRA-2007-2.2-01 | Award Amount: 12.88M | Year: 2008

In the framework of the KM3NeT Preparatory Phase project the strategic, legal and financial issues are addressed related to the construction of an European deep-sea infrastructure housing a cubic kilometre size Cherenkov neutrino telescope and providing access for deep-sea research. Many technical issues are already addressed in the KM3NeT Design Study, started in 2006, that at the end of its work will deliver a Technical Design Report for the KM3NeT Cherenkov neutrino telescope. KM3NeT has been included in the ESFRI European Roadmap for Research Infrastructures. The Preparatory Phase will provide the grounds to bring the project to its construction stage. The Consortium performing the Preparatory Phase will include the participants involved in the KM3NeT DS. The major stakeholders are present. The work performed in the Preparatory Phase will be structured in work packages aimed at addressing the following issues: political convergence towards a pan European facility; legal, governance and financial engineering; strategic issues and international networking; integration with regional and global marine and environmental systems (i.e. EMSO); preparing the production of the telescope components and the assembly and test of the system; definition of the data handling and dissemination scheme, and the operation of KM3NeT.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-TP | Phase: KBBE.2012.1.1-03 | Award Amount: 8.04M | Year: 2012

The objective of the FIGARO project is to significantly reduce the use of fresh water on farm level through developing a cost-effective, precision irrigation management platform. The platform will be structured for data acquisition from monitoring devices and forecasting tools, data interpretation, system control, and evaluation mechanisms enabling full decision support for end users at farm scale. These tools will be integrated with multiple state-of-the-art irrigation technologies and strategies as well as newly adapted devices leading to further increased water productivity. The flexibility, cost-effectiveness, ease of use, minimal maintenance of the system and often, increases in crop yield, will boost its acceptance and up-take by the end-users (the farmers, extension workers). In addition, as added value the system will enable reduction of fertilizer use, further supporting sustainable use of natural resources and adaptation of agricultural practice to climate change. To achieve this, the FIGARO project will develop a holistic and structured precision irrigation platform which will offer farmers flexible, crop-tailored irrigation scheduling protocols for their specific fields taking into account spatial variability management.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SPA.2012.3.1-01 | Award Amount: 1.95M | Year: 2012

Space system vendors seek for solutions to deliver small size and cost-effective sensor systems to de-congest satellite payloads, drastically reduce the equipment cost and open the possibility for new generation of micro-payload systems. MERMIG aims to provide this technology replacing current expensive, bulky, heavy and power-consuming fiber optic gyroscopes (FOGs). To address these key challenges, MERMIG invests in the right mix of silicon photonic CMOS-compatible component fabrication and nano-imprint lithography laser fabrication. Both technologies are being adopted by the terrestrial telecom market and MERMIG will develop them for bringing their unique advantages into space sensor systems. MERMIG will squeeze the bulky FOG into a couple of cm2, integrating a racetrack cavity, pin junctions and a phase decoder into compact sub-micron waveguides. The MERMIG smart packaging technique will allow power-efficient optical pumping and hermetic packaging of the gyro-photonic chip. MERMIG will develop the first 1550nm high-power laser with a fiber-coupled power of 150mW using an integrated laser MOPA, fabricated with advanced nano-imprint lithography (NIL). The 150mW delivered will enable a modular architecture, with pump sharing among 3 integrated silicon lasing cavities, for 3-axis sensing. The single-step NIL process enables fast wafer scale patterning and ensures low-cost and high-volume laser production. Finally, MERMIG will bring together photonics and electronics on a fully-functional opto-electronic gyroscope system prototype characterized according to ASTRIUM testplan procedures. MERMIG will deliver to ASTRIUM a new generation gyroscope that will weigh <1kg, consume <5W electrical power in a few cm3 footprint. The angle random walk range that will be feasible within MERMIG is 0.1 0.01 deg/sqrt(hr) suitable for telecommunications and scientific satellites. The technology full potential can allow for future opto-electronic integration of photonic gyroscopes-on-a-chip.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-IRSES | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2010-IRSES | Award Amount: 430.50K | Year: 2011

The main objective of NanoCIS is the establishment of a cooperative partnership between research organizations through a joint program of exchange of researchers for developing a new generation of photovoltaic (PV) solar cells. This new generation of PV solar cells will be based in approaches involving the use of new materials with high conversion efficiencies and low-cost fabrication techniques. The broad aim is the theoretical and experimental design, synthesis and characterization of new advanced materials, based on chalcopyrites absorbers, allowing the manufacture of an intermediate band solar cell. New concepts such as Intermediate band and luminescent materials for further development of CIGS solar cells are going to be investigated. This new class of materials has been predicted theoretically as potential candidates for providing very high efficiency (63%) in solar energy conversion. According to present knowledge, this compounds based on chalcogenide-type semiconductors are quite novel as general materials, especially in their application to solar energy. Electrodeposition (ED) is the technique chosen for developing such approaches. ED is essentially a non-vacuum approach to fabricate high quality thin-film materials for PV modules that could lower the manufacturing costs by over 50% and increase the PV module efficiencies. The ED technique offers the most attractive range of benefits leading to the low cost fabrication of PV cells, such as high rate of deposition, high resolution, high shape fidelity, self purification, scalability and good compatibility with existing processes. ED adds another cost effective step in low-cost solar cell because the transparent conducting oxide layers (TCO) can be deposited by the same method. The use of inline processing through an exclusively non-vacuum technique will further contribute to the improvement of device performance.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.3.7 | Award Amount: 4.02M | Year: 2010

Currently system vendors request a photonic integration technology to deliver practical and cost-effective 100GbE systems. GALACTICO is a project that aims to provide this technology and disrupt the transition from 10/40Gb/s to 100GbE core networks. To achieve this goal, GALACTICO aims to squeeze current bulk and costly 100GbE interfaces into silicon-based PICs and provide integrated coherent transmitters and receivers that deliver a massive amount of aggregate bandwidth. To address cost, performance and volume, GALACTICO aims to provide the right mix of the three most established integration materials, i.e. InP, GaAs, Si and combine their strenghts on a common silicon platform. The GALACTICO platform will offer low loss (~0.1dB/cm) silicon waveguides and <1dB fiber-to-chip coupling loss. The board will be used to integrate densely all the polarization and filtering components. GALACTICO will develop the first SOI-compatible GaAs IQ-modulators. The available large GaAs wafers will enable volume production without compromising performance. The modulators will exhibit 30GHz electro-optic bandwidth with ~3V driving voltage. To address scalability, GALACTICO will integrate on-board arrays of 4x GaAs IQ-modulators suitable for DWDM coherent transmitter PICs. GALACTICO will also exploit the high-performance InP material by integrating arrays of 8-element 40GHz flip-chip compatible photodetectors for the DWDM coherent receivers. GALACTICO will integrate on-board all the electronic circuits using SiGe HBT technology. New 4level, 32Gbaud drivers will be integrated with the linear IQ modulators to realize 16QAM and enable line rates beyond 200 Gb/s. GALACTICO will deliver the following fully functional PICs: 1) 100Gb/s DP-QPSK coherent transmitter and receiver, 2) 512 Gb/s DWDM DP-16QAM coherent transmitter and receiver and 3) 256 Gb/s DP-16QAM transmitter achieving 5.12bit/sec/Hz spectral efficiency. Finally, GALACTICO will explore the limitations of high constellation size at high baud rate with the generation of single carrier 320 Gb/s DP-32QAM and DWDM 1.28 Tb/s combining a 6-level driver and the integrated polarization multiplexed GaAs IQ modulators. By so doing GALACTICO will open the way for next generation TbE networks.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA | Phase: ICT-2011.5.5 | Award Amount: 982.00K | Year: 2011

The project Mobile Inclusion Platform for Europe and Latin America (M-Inclusion) is a Support Action funded by the European Commission whose overall objective is to create a cooperation framework between EU and LATAM mobile solution developers and different entities (e.g., public bodies, Third Sector associations) voicing the digital inclusion needs of people at risk of exclusion in LATAM in order to improve their personal autonomy, and through that, their social integration.\nM-Inclusion is based on:\na) Project Consortium comprising different type of actors (4 EU, 3 LATAM) bringing different capabilities, knowledge, experience and network to major initiatives and services in the field\nb) M-Inclusions innovative approach taking the end-users input representatives as initial reference for work and setting hybrid work groups to build the final M-Inclusion Roadmap.\nc) A stakeholder group comprised with at least 30 organizations involved in solving the inclusion problems for the target groups identified\nd) An innovative IT Web Portal\nAll interested actors will integrate the M-Inclusion Community, an open forum for dialogue supported by the IT Web Portal, offering:\n1) Complete data base with references, resources, organizations, success cases, technologies; all about mobile technologies for personal autonomy and social inclusion\n2) A work environment for defining the M-Inclusion Roadmap. A detailed guide containing: the needs of the identified end users, suitable technological solutions, future technological trends and recommended actions in order to fully tackle social inclusion objectives.\n3) Support through a specific tool (Open Funding Platform), and related services to the identification and promotion of RTD projects based on the Open Innovation concept (collaborative RTD);\n4) Support to market opportunity generation through two M-Inclusion Ideas Competitions (Challenges) and a M-Inclusion Marketplace that will help developers display their mobile applications, web services and ideas related to inclusion into the market, and will be linked with existing relevant platforms supporting developers, such as Telefnicas Blue Via or Nokias Open Forum, amongst other possibilities.\nThe project promotes both a working environment to define a Mobile Inclusion solutions Road Map and the growth of innovative, user-oriented, and affordable mobile solutions. In order to do this, M-Inclusion will actively incorporate, within the process, representatives of four groups of potential end-users: people with disabilities, chronic patients, low-income sectors and population from isolated areas, in order to fully understand their specific needs and handicaps. Besides, the project intends to contribute to the digital breach debate, sharing recommendations and conclusions with representatives of the IT industry and public bodies with responsibility in national and regional digital agendas through dissemination activities.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.7.1 | Award Amount: 14.92M | Year: 2010

As the European population ages, more support is needed with fewer hands to cater for their needs. There is a huge market potential for Ambient Assisted Living (AAL) solutions, but adoption is limited because they require significant resources for implementation.\nTo address this, universAAL will produce an open platform that provides a standardised approach making it technically feasible and economically viable to develop AAL solutions.\nThe platform will be produced by a mixture of new development and consolidation of state-of-the-art results from existing initiatives. We recognise that this not only poses technical challenges but also raises issues of adoption and uptake. So work on establishing and running a sustainable community will achieve attention right from the start, with promotion of existing results gradually evolving into promotion of the universAAL platform, as it develops into one consolidated, validated and standardised European open AAL platform.\nThe platform will provide runtime support for the execution of AAL applications in accordance with a reference architecture, development support through core AAL services and an online developer depot of various development resources. It will provide community support, including an online uStore providing a one-stop-shop for AAL services and other resources. The general public will browse the uStore to find what they need; developers will use it as the one marketplace where they make their services available.\nThe consortium is built of major industrial and research players in the field, including key participants from earlier projects.\nuniversAAL results will be standardised in European (CEN) and international (OMG, Continua) standardisation bodies. We will work to build a community of European industry interested in keeping the universAAL platform alive after project completion.\nThe project duration will be 48 months with an overall budget of 13.9 M euro and a requested grant of 10.5 M euro.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-IAPP | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2012-IAPP | Award Amount: 910.73K | Year: 2013

High incidence of degenerative skeletal tissue disorders in a progressively aging human population make tissue engineering of cartilage and bone a focus of extensive research. Bone and joint disorders are the most common disease in Europe: more than 100 million European citizens suffer from arthritis and 19 million people have osteoporosis (one of three women and one of eight men are affected). This proposal is designed to supplement the existing EuroNanoMed project aimed to develop an innovative strategy for targeting bone and cartilage regeneration. More specifically the proposal seeks to set up an international multidisciplinary team of young scientists and engineers representing both academia and industry partners that will strongly contribute to the design of a novel type of implant, which can strongly promote tissue regeneration combining high performance materials, advanced nanotechnology and living cells.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.5.3 | Award Amount: 5.55M | Year: 2008

Many drugs fail to reach the market because of side effects on the heart. The principal objective of this proposal is to create an advanced computational technology for in silico assessment of the efficacy and safety of specific drugs [ICT-2007.5.3(c) (3)], i.e. an open environment comprising validated computational models, tools and numerical methods that will enable simulations of drug actions on the electrophysiology of the human heart. Such simulations will involve modelling of drug interactions at the molecular and cellular level, will extend current technology to enable prediction of the effects of those interactions on the dynamics of the whole heart, and will lead to an understanding of how genetic factors can be used to assess patient-specific risk profiles. This requires a multi-level systems approach, based on multi-scale, multi-physics methods, including computations on adaptive spatial grids and multi-grid time integration. Computations on realistic models at appropriate spatial and temporal scales are currently not feasible, so we will investigate new algorithms and their implementation on high-performance platforms, including a new generation of petaflop computers, to achieve faster than real-time simulation. These tools form part of the infrastructure required to simulate the physiology of major organ systems, thereby contributing to the goal of creating the Virtual Physiological Human (VPH) [ICT-2007.5.3]. The balanced team in this project, including founders of the Human Physiome Project, has decades of experience in the experimental study and modelling of the electrophysiology and mechanics of the heart, while pharmaceutical industry partners bring deep understanding of the mechanisms of drug actions. The results will demonstrate the value of the VPH initiative to fundamental scientific understanding of the heart, with major economic and clinical impacts through accelerated drug development, approval and use.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: KBBE.2013.2.5-01 | Award Amount: 4.95M | Year: 2014

TRANSMANGO aims to obtain a comprehensive picture of the effects of the global drivers of change (climate, economic concentration and market structure, financial power, resource competition, marginalization, property rules, geo-political shifts, consumer preferences, consumption patterns and nutritional transition) on European and global food demand and on raw material production (and, consequently, on food flows). The research focuses on the vulnerability and resilience of European food systems in a context of socio-economic, behavioral, technological, institutional and agro-ecological change and aims to enhance understanding of the new challenges and opportunities that the food sector will face in the future. Vulnerability assessment methodologies and dynamic modeling tools will be reviewed, upgraded and developed to assess the resilience of Europes agro-food sector and food security situation and to understand the sustainability frontiers of different food production systems under the new unfolding conditions. The project will collect analytical data that will be used to design scenarios for the desired transition pathways in the food system. Based on these scenarios, TRANSMANGO will provide guidance to support the transition towards sustainability and will offer recommendations to address Europes medium- and long-term food security.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2016 | Award Amount: 3.88M | Year: 2016

The unprecedented properties of optical fibres make them ideal to be implemented as artificial nervous systems, enabling any tool or structure to become a sensitive and smart object. Conventional optical fibres are small, low-cost and can be seamlessly integrated in materials, in engineering structures and in the environment. By exploiting the most advanced light-matter interactions, these tiny luminous wires can realize distributed sensing, which means that each point along an optical fibre can separately and selectively sense quantities such as temperature, strain, acoustic waves and pressure, in perfect similarity to a real organic nerve. These remarkable features have attracted the interest of different end-users covering application domains as diverse as pipeline protection, oil and gas well exploitation, electricity transport, perimeter, fire alarm, etc., leading to a sustained market growth in the last years. However, the full potential of state-of-the-art distributed fibre sensing is exploited in a fairly narrow range of applications only. This is mainly due to the lack of trained scientific personnel capable of creating the link between the sensors and possible applications. The ambition of FINESSE is therefore to educate and to train researchers in the development of a set of disruptive new optical artificial nervous systems with improved sensitivity, precision and new sensing abilities, and to boost the industrial uptake of these sensors by training these researchers to valorise their work. The ultimate vision empowering the project is the widespread implementation of fibre-optic nervous systems dedicated to: (i) contributing to a safer society by returning early warnings for danger and (ii) ensuring sustainable development through the efficient exploitation of natural resources. The full set of specialists, who can turn this ambitious concept into a reality, is present in Europe and have teamed up to propose FINESSE training network.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: INNOSUP-6-2015 | Award Amount: 791.67K | Year: 2016

The use of online collaboration platforms facilitates the access of SMEs to Open Innovation environments where they can collaborate, co-create and co-participate in innovation projects. Despite these benefits, European SMEs have so far failed to embrace the use of online platforms to facilitate open innovation. The Europe Enterprise Network, the most widespread innovation support service in Europe, is successfully addressing this challenge mainly by organising brokerage events or clusters around interested stakeholders. However, EEN support services are very labour intensive, and the resources available are small, meaning many agents are unable to offer the level of support they believe is necessary. This often results in collaborations being set up, but then failing to realise their potential due to the lack of ongoing monitoring, support and management. The NIR-VANA project will tackle these drawbacks through the design of a new service that will be provided by innovation agents. This service will promote the online collaboration for SME during the entire innovation process using an innovative approach based on ICT solutions, training and novel methods to support SMEs. Three members of the EEN a two other innovation organisations will collaborate in the design of the services that will be later tested by other 10 EENs and innovation agencies. The project will develop an ICT-based layer that will facilitate the work of the innovation agents and will also promote a change of mentality of the SME. Some services will be provided online using a novel Networking and Innovation Room (NIR) where the innovation agents and the SMEs interact to develop innovation partnerships. These services will allow direct and ongoing support provided by the innovation agents to the SMEs, links to other platforms/social networks, increased efficiency for the management and monitoring, and services aimed at encouraging SMEs involvement.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: NMP-2008-2.4-1 | Award Amount: 11.62M | Year: 2009

A major challenge facing European industry involves the development of more specific, energy saving processes with less environmental impact. The recent development of Metal Organic Frameworks (MOFs) may prove a major milestone in achieving these goals. MACADEMIA project is an extension to an FP6 STREP (DeSANNS) which highlighted some MOF materials for CO2 capture and storage. It will expand and continue this work on a much larger scale. The three Total branches will focus on bringing MOFs to key market sectors - gas separation and storage, liquid separation and catalysis. The Total-led consortium, with 11 academic partners from across EU, one leading South Korean partner, among world leaders among their particular domain of MOF science, will be contributing to the project, with a dedicated management partner. MACADEMIA intends to produce new MOFs and optimise those already of promising interest, characterise MOFs using specialised techniques, test MOFs using a three-tiered process, use predictive modelling and demonstrate the use of MOFs in key industrial processes. It will target separation processes in gas / vapour phase (propene/propane, acid gases separation, CO2 and H2 purification), in liquid phase (xylene separations, recovery of N- and/or S-compounds from hydrocarbons), and in catalysis (Lewis-acid MOFs as catalysts for epoxide polymerization, redox-active MOFs as catalysts for hydrocarbon autoxidation). Several of MACADEMIAs targets are expected to reach pilot scale whereas a blue sky approach will be taken for others giving room for innovation and step change. An attractive project, it is open to young researchers with industrially coordinated research to counterbalance competition from USA and Japan and able to contribute to a strong ERA.

Dunkley, Lovelady, Branson, Gibbs and Polytechnic University of Valencia | Date: 2016-02-28

Athletic shirts; Baseball caps and hats; Collared shirts; Graphic T-shirts; Hooded sweat shirts; Long-sleeved shirts; Polo shirts; Rain hats; Short-sleeved shirts; Sport shirts; Sports caps and hats; Sweat shirts; T-shirts. Publication of musical texts; Recording studio services; Recording studios; Audio recording and production; Audio and video recording services; Film studios; Operating of film studios; Production of audio recording; Production of musical sound recording; Providing audio or video studios; Recording studio services; Recording studios; Rental of tape recording equipment; Sound recording studios; Video recording services; Video tape recording for others.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.1.1 | Award Amount: 16.47M | Year: 2008

The ALPHA project addresses the challenges of building the future access and all types of in-building networks for home and office environments. The proposal supports the evolution towards a cognitive network by dynamically utilising the resources of an optical network infrastructure to support a heterogeneous environment of wired and wireless technologies.\nThe project investigates innovative architectural and transmission solutions based on the manifold of optical fibres (single-, multi-mode and plastic) as well as wireless technology to support both wired and wireless services in a converged network infrastructure. The focus is on using the newest physical layer achievements and adequate management and control algorithms to reach a yet unprecedented end-to-end provisioned capacity for access and in-building networks at a fraction of the price of todays technologies and to simultaneously include the transport of existing 2G/3G and Beyond 3G (B3G) signals whether they are Internet Protocol (IP) or non-IP-based.\n\nThe project starts with analysing the potential future bandwidth and quality-of-service (QoS) requirements which can be posed by future services in the scope of access and in-building networks such as Ultra HD Video, Local Storage Area Network, remote medical applications and others, and mapping those requirements into network specifications. The questions on the best applicable media, necessity for optical layer dynamics, compatibility of network types at the physical layer, foundations for better QoS provisioning and embedding of 2G/3G and B3G signals into the networks are then addressed within the project.\n\nThe project pursues experimental validations of close-to-maturity technologies in laboratory tests and field trials by intensively exploiting the three project testbeds. The project also includes long-term research activities targeting to improve the existing technologies, and follows an intensive dissemination and standardisation strategy.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: FI.ICT-2011.1.8 | Award Amount: 19.26M | Year: 2013

Change is the name of the game in energy! The shift to sustainability is visible everywhere. It is now a European priority to combine solutions which utilise energy generation from renewable energy sources and optimize energy usage efficiency into a Smart Energy System based on the introduction of Future Internet technologies. At the same time, business innovation needs to be encouraged to ensure that job creating SMEs can thrive in the new energy eco-system. FINESCE will organize and run user trials in 7 European countries, building on investments of billions of Euro, addressing efficient energy usage in residential and industrial buildings, developing a new prosumer energy marketplace, building a cross-border private virtual power plant, and using electric vehicles as an element of demand response systems, enabling energy providers to move from reactive to pro-active energy network management by providing them with Future Internet ICT, enabling them to better balance volatile solar and wind energy generation with demand for energy. The FINESCE trials will prove the practical applicability of Future Internet technologies and the FI-WARE Generic Enablers to the challenges of the energy sector. FINESCE will develop an active community of innovative SMEs, preparing them for the exploitation of the emerging business opportunities in energy, creating jobs, social impact and economic growth. FINESCE builds on and extends the results of the FI-PPP FINSENY project to realise sustainable real time smart energy services.The consortium includes globally leading energy and ICT operators, manufacturers and service providers and outstanding research organisations and SMEs, from 15 countries, contributing directly to tightly focused trials and business innovation. It has the scale and scope to ensure that the FINESCE results drive the FI-WARE and Future Internet success and long-term exploitation internationally.

News Article | December 14, 2016

The Minecraft video game was familiar to José Hernández-Orallo long before he started using it for his own research. The computer scientist, who devises ways to benchmark machine intelligence at the Polytechnic University of Valencia in Spain, first watched his own children play inside the 3D virtual world, which focuses on solving problems rather than shooting monsters. In 2014, Microsoft bought Minecraft, and its science arm, Microsoft Research, gave its own researchers access to a new version of the game that allowed computer programs, as well as people, to explore and customize the 3D environment. Then, after inviting a small group of outside researchers that included Hernández-Orallo to download the machine-friendly version of the world, last July, Microsoft made it freely available to anyone, with the goal of speeding up progress in artificial intelligence (AI). Now other companies have followed suit. On 5 December, DeepMind, a unit of Google headquartered in London, opened up its own 3D virtual world, DeepMind Lab, for download and customization by outside developers. The company initially created the world to train its own AI programs. Also on 5 December, OpenAI, a research company in San Francisco, California, co-founded by entrepreneur Elon Musk, released a ‘meta-platform’ that enables AI programs to easily interact with dozens of 3D games originally designed for humans, as well as with some web browsers and smartphone apps. All three releases provide researchers and software developers with easy ways to test programs in previously unseen situations, and for the programs to acquire new skills by teaching themselves to navigate novel situations that resemble real-world scenarios. “Environments like these have a very important role to play in the future of AI,” says Pedro Domingos, a machine-learning researcher at the University of Washington in Seattle. Games have been test beds for AI for decades, but, typically, the algorithms have played them following predefined strategies. In recent years, the focus has shifted to machines that could learn from their own experience. In early 2015, DeepMind unveiled an algorithm that taught itself how to play classic Atari arcade games better than any human, by trial and error, without being told the goals of the games. Such games are simple 2D worlds, though. ‘First-person’ 3D video games such as Minecraft — which visually embed the player in the environment — are a much closer approximation to the real world, and so make more sophisticated test beds. Minecraft enables users to interact with virtual bricks, and use them to build structures, in addition to navigating and interacting with predefined structures. The version now available to developers, called Malmo, allows algorithms to do the same. Hernández-Orallo, for example, is using this to explore whether the environment can be used to create benchmarks for machine intelligence. Algorithms could compete to arrange bricks into something that looks the most like a certain object, say, or to navigate a maze — testing a much wider range of skills than the Turing test, the most famous test of machine intelligence, which focuses on the ability of an AI to chat like a human. One of the things that made Minecraft attractive for conversion into an AI test bed is that it already enabled players to communicate using text messages. This could help an AI to learn to collaborate with humans in the real world, says computer scientist Katja Hofmann of Microsoft Research in Cambridge, UK, who led the team that created Malmo. Virtual worlds are also particularly useful for developing AIs that are destined to eventually operate as physical robots, says Hofmann, because such environments are cheaper to customize, and faster and safer to practise in than the real world. They also allow robotics researchers to focus purely on the intelligence part of the equation — the mechanical challenges of physical robots can be a distraction. In addition to Hernández-Orallo, Microsoft Research has collaborations with a handful of research labs that are using Malmo projects. But Hofmann suspects that many more are using it, perhaps around 100. DeepMind Lab similarly allows researchers to create structures such as mazes, and their algorithms can learn to collect rewards as well as to navigate. DeepMind has also been experimenting with integrating “more naturalistic elements”, such as undulating terrains and plants, into the platform, says a spokeswoman. Now that the environment is open, the company hopes that other researchers will help to make the environments more challenging for the algorithms. “By open-sourcing it, we are allowing the wider research community to get involved in shaping this,” she says. OpenAI’s meta-platform, Universe, takes things even further. By providing multiple, radically different environments for the same AI to sample, it could help to attack one of the hardest problems in the field: creating algorithms that can use previous experience when faced with new situations. For instance, deep neural networks, which mimic the layers of brain cells in the visual cortex, can quite quickly learn to navigate a 3D maze, but cannot transfer the knowledge to navigate another maze. “If you change the colour of the maze, the system is completely lost,” says Hernández-Orallo. “State-of-the-art technology fails dramatically.” Microsoft is now working to make Malmo available through Universe. “Having a community platform will accelerate everyone,” says Greg Brockman, co-founder and chief technology officer of OpenAI.

News Article | March 14, 2016

A collaboration between the Institute of Molecular and Cellular Plant Biology (IBMCP), of the Universitat Politècnica de València (Polytechnic University of Valencia, UPV) and the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), and the Rocasolano-CSIC Institute of Physical Chemistry (IQFR-CSIC), the findings were published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences and could help improve the defensive processes of plants in the driest regions of the Mediterranean Basin. Cellular membranes are the point of contact between the cell and its external environment. A large number of receptor systems are concentrated here that process the ever-changing signals received from the outside world. Be it heat, cold, drought, etc., the cells must respond adequately to each of these environmental stresses in order to maintain the plant's vital functions. In plants these processes are constantly 'on'; being rooted in the ground, they have no other response to stresses deriving from changing weather conditions, or the simple passage of night to day. This study has identified a family of proteins, the CAR proteins, which cluster together to create a series of points throughout the membrane that can be used by key signalling proteins to carry out their respective adaptive functions. CSIC researcher Pedro Luis Rodriguez from the IBMCP explain: "These [CAR] proteins form a kind of landing strip, acting as molecular antennas that call out to other proteins as and when necessary to orchestrate the required cellular response". "In a medium-sized cell, the distance a molecule must travel from the point at which it synthesises to the membrane itself is comparable, relatively, to the distance between Madrid and Cádiz. For this journey there are mediators, both during and at the point of arrival, where they carry out a fundamental role in docking the signalling proteins in the appropriate cellular context", adds fellow CSIC researcher, Armando Albert, from the IQFR. CAR proteins are one such mediator, playing a central role in the regulation of the plant's adaptive response to environmental stresses. This research sheds light on an as yet not fully resolved question in plant biology, and could lead to interventions to improve resistance to drought, for instance. Explore further: Research leads to understanding of how crops deal with stress -- yield's biggest enemy More information: Maira Diaz et al. Calcium-dependent oligomerization of CAR proteins at cell membrane modulates ABA signaling, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (2016). DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1512779113

Decker H.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Martinenghi D.,Polytechnic of Milan
IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering | Year: 2011

All methods for efficient integrity checking require all integrity constraints to be totally satisfied, before any update is executed. However, a certain amount of inconsistency is the rule, rather than the exception in databases. In this paper, we close the gap between theory and practice of integrity checking, i.e., between the unrealistic theoretical requirement of total integrity and the practical need for inconsistency tolerance, which we define for integrity checking methods. We show that most of them can still be used to check whether updates preserve integrity, even if the current state is inconsistent. Inconsistency-tolerant integrity checking proves beneficial both for integrity preservation and query answering. Also, we show that it is useful for view updating, repairs, schema evolution, and other applications. © 2006 IEEE.

Rodriguez-Fortuno F.J.,University of Pennsylvania | Rodriguez-Fortuno F.J.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Vakil A.,University of Pennsylvania | Engheta N.,University of Pennsylvania
Physical Review Letters | Year: 2014

The ability to manufacture metamaterials with exotic electromagnetic properties has potential for surprising new applications. Here we report how a specific type of metamaterial - one whose permittivity is near zero - exerts a repulsive force on an electric dipole source, resulting in levitation of the dipole. The phenomenon relies on the expulsion of the time-varying electric field from the metamaterial interior, resembling the perfect diamagnetic expulsion of magnetostatic fields. Leveraging this concept, we study some realistic requirements for the levitation or repulsion of a polarized particle radiating at any frequency, from microwave to optics. © 2014 American Physical Society.

Camacho J.,University of Granada | Ferrer A.,Polytechnic University of Valencia
Journal of Chemometrics | Year: 2012

Cross-validation has become one of the principal methods to adjust the meta-parameters in predictive models. Extensions of the cross-validation idea have been proposed to select the number of components in principal components analysis (PCA). The element-wise k-fold (ekf) cross-validation is among the most used algorithms for principal components analysis cross-validation. This is the method programmed in the PLS_Toolbox, and it has been stated to outperform other methods under most circumstances in a numerical experiment. The ekf algorithm is based on missing data imputation, and it can be programmed using any method for this purpose. In this paper, the ekf algorithm with the simplest missing data imputation method, trimmed score imputation, is analyzed. A theoretical study is driven to identify in which situations the application of ekf is adequate and, more importantly, in which situations it is not. The results presented show that the ekf method may be unable to assess the extent to which a model represents a test set and may lead to discard principal components with important information. On a second paper of this series, other imputation methods are studied within the ekf algorithm. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Rambla J.L.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Tikunov Y.M.,Wageningen UR Plant Breeding | Monforte A.J.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Bovy A.G.,Wageningen UR Plant Breeding | Granell A.,Polytechnic University of Valencia
Journal of Experimental Botany | Year: 2014

The present review aims to synthesize our present knowledge about the mechanisms implied in the biosynthesis of volatile compounds in the ripe tomato fruit, which have a key role in tomato flavour. The difficulties in identifiying not only genes or genomic regions but also individual target compounds for plant breeding are addressed. Ample variability in the levels of almost any volatile compound exists, not only in the populations derived from interspecific crosses but also in heirloom varieties and even in commercial hybrids. Quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for all tomato aroma volatiles have been identified in collections derived from both intraspecific and interspecific crosses with different wild tomato species and they (i) fail to co-localize with structural genes in the volatile biosynthetic pathways and (ii) reveal very little coincidence in the genomic regions characterized, indicating that there is ample opportunity to reinforce the levels of the volatiles of interest. Some of the identified genes may be useful as markers or as biotechnological tools to enhance tomato aroma. Current knowledge about the major volatile biosynthetic pathways in the fruit is summarized. Finally, and based on recent reports, it is stressed that conjugation to other metabolites such as sugars seems to play a key role in the modulation of volatile release, at least in some metabolic pathways. © 2014 The Author.

Camacho J.,University of Granada | Ferrer A.,Polytechnic University of Valencia
Chemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory Systems | Year: 2014

This is the second paper of a series devoted to provide theoretical and practical results and new algorithms for the selection of the number of Principal Components (PCs) in Principal Component Analysis (PCA) using cross-validation. The study is especially focused on the element-wise k-fold (ekf), which is among the most used algorithms for that purpose. In this paper, a taxonomy of PCA applications is proposed and it is argued that cross-validatory algorithms computing the prediction error in observable variables, like ekf, are only suited for a class of applications. A number of cross-validation methods, several of which are original, are compared in two applications of this class: missing data imputation and compression. The results show that the ekf is especially suited for missing data applications while other traditional cross-validation methods, those by Wold and Eastment and Krzanowski, are not found to provide useful outcomes in any of the two applications. These results are of special value considering that the methods investigated are computed in the main commercial software packets for chemometrics. Finally, the choice of the missing data algorithm within ekf is also investigated. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.

Armenteros M.,CSIC - Institute of Agricultural Chemistry and Food Technology | Aristoy M.-C.,CSIC - Institute of Agricultural Chemistry and Food Technology | Barat J.M.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Toldra F.,CSIC - Institute of Agricultural Chemistry and Food Technology
Meat Science | Year: 2012

The reduction of the content of sodium chloride in dry-cured ham was studied in to prevent the problems related to high sodium intake (i.e. the hypertension). One of the possibilities to reduce the sodium content is the partial replacement of sodium chloride by mixtures of potassium, magnesium and calcium chloride salts. The effect of two salting formulations (formulation II: 50% NaCl-50% KCl and formulation III: 55% NaCl, 25% KCl, 15 CaCl2 and 5 MgCl2) on the protease activity through the dry-curing process and on the sensory characteristics of the final product was evaluated and compared to those of control hams (formulation I, 100% NaCl). Sensory attributes were all affected in the hams containing CaCl2 and MgCl2 while hams containing 50% KCl and NaCl (formulation II) were better valued, except for the attribute taste probably due to the potassium contribution to bitter taste. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

Han S.-K.,University of Pennsylvania | Sang Y.,University of Pennsylvania | Rodrigues A.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Wu M.-F.,University of Pennsylvania | And 2 more authors.
Plant Cell | Year: 2013

The survival of plants as sessile organisms depends on their ability to cope with environmental challenges. Of key importance in this regard is the phytohormone abscisic acid (ABA). ABA not only promotes seed dormancy but also triggers growth arrest in postgermination embryos that encounter water stress. This is accompanied by increased desiccation tolerance. Postgermination ABA responses in Arabidopsis thaliana are mediated in large part by the ABA-induced basic domain/leucine zipper transcription factor ABA INSENSITIVE5 (ABI5). Here, we show that loss of function of the SWI2/SNF2 chromatin remodeling ATPase BRAHMA (BRM) causes ABA hypersensitivity during postgermination growth arrest. ABI5 expression was derepressed in brm mutants in the absence of exogenous ABA and accumulated to high levels upon ABA sensing. This effect was likely direct; chromatin immunoprecipitation revealed BRM binding to the ABI5 locus. Moreover, loss of BRM activity led to destabilization of a nucleosome likely to repress ABI5 transcription. Finally, the abi5 null mutant was epistatic to BRM in postgermination growth arrest. In addition, vegetative growth defects typical of brm mutants in the absence of ABA treatment could be partially overcome by reduction of ABA responses, and brm mutants displayed increased drought tolerance. We propose a role for BRM in the balance between growth or stress responses. © 2012 American Society of Plant Biologists.

Hernandez-Orallo J.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Dowe D.L.,Monash University
Artificial Intelligence | Year: 2010

In this paper, we develop the idea of a universal anytime intelligence test. The meaning of the terms "universal" and "anytime" is manifold here: the test should be able to measure the intelligence of any biological or artificial system that exists at this time or in the future. It should also be able to evaluate both inept and brilliant systems (any intelligence level) as well as very slow to very fast systems (any time scale). Also, the test may be interrupted at any time, producing an approximation to the intelligence score, in such a way that the more time is left for the test, the better the assessment will be. In order to do this, our test proposal is based on previous works on the measurement of machine intelligence based on Kolmogorov complexity and universal distributions, which were developed in the late 1990s (C-tests and compression-enhanced Turing tests). It is also based on the more recent idea of measuring intelligence through dynamic/interactive tests held against a universal distribution of environments. We discuss some of these tests and highlight their limitations since we want to construct a test that is both general and practical. Consequently, we introduce many new ideas that develop early "compression tests" and the more recent definition of "universal intelligence" in order to design new "universal intelligence tests", where a feasible implementation has been a design requirement. One of these tests is the "anytime intelligence test", which adapts to the examinee's level of intelligence in order to obtain an intelligence score within a limited time. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.

Orduna-Malea E.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Delgado Lopez-Cozar E.,University of Granada
Scientometrics | Year: 2014

In November 2012 the Google Scholar Metrics (GSM) journal rankings were updated, making it possible to compare bibliometric indicators in the ten languages indexed-and their stability-with the April 2012 version. The h-index and h-5 median of 1,000 journals were analysed, comparing their averages, maximum and minimum values and the correlation coefficient within rankings. The bibliometric figures grew significantly. In just seven and a half months the h-index of the journals increased by 15 % and the median h-index by 17 %. This growth was observed for all the bibliometric indicators analysed and for practically every journal. However, we found significant differences in growth rates depending on the language in which the journal is published. Moreover, the journal rankings seem to be stable between April and November, reinforcing the credibility of the data held by Google Scholar and the reliability of the GSM journal rankings, despite the uncontrolled growth of Google Scholar. Based on the findings of this study we suggest, firstly, that Google should upgrade its rankings at least semi-annually and, secondly, that the results should be displayed in each ranking proportionally to the number of journals indexed by language. © 2013 Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary.

Barrios M.,University of Tolima | Frances F.,Polytechnic University of Valencia
Hydrological Processes | Year: 2012

Nonlinear dynamics and spatial variability in hydrological systems make the formulation of scaling theories difficult. Therefore, the development of knowledge related to scale effects, scaling techniques, parameterization and linkages of parameters across scales is highly relevant. The main purpose of this work is to analyse the spatial effect of the static storage capacity parameter H u and the saturated hydraulic conductivity parameter k s from microscale (sub-grid level) to mesoscale (grid level) and its implication to the definition of an optimum cell size. These two parameters describe the upper soil water characteristics in the infiltration process conceptualization of the TETIS hydrological model. At microscale, the spatial heterogeneity of H u and k s was obtained generating random parameter fields through probability distribution functions and a spatial dependence model with pre-established correlation lengths. The effective parameters at mesoscale were calculated by solving the inverse problem for each parameter field. Results indicate that the adopted inverse formulation allows transferring the nonlinearity of the system from microscale to the mesoscale via non-stationary effective parameters. Their values at each cell and time step are in the range of zero to the mean value of the parameter at microscale. The stochastic simulations showed that the variance of the estimated effective parameters decreases when the ratio between mesoscale cell size and correlation length at microscale increases. For a ratio greater than 1, we found cell sizes having the characteristics of a representative elementary area (REA); in such case, the microscale variability pattern did not affect the system response at mesoscale. © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Ward F.A.,New Mexico State University | Pulido-Velazquez M.,Polytechnic University of Valencia
Water Resources Management | Year: 2012

Water claims in many of the world's arid basins exceed reliable supplies. Water demands for irrigation, urban use, the environment, and energy continue to grow, while supplies remain constrained by unsustainable use, drought and impacts of climate change. For example, policymakers in North America's Upper Rio Grande Basin face the challenge of designing plans for allocating the basin's water supplies efficiently and fairly to support current uses and current environments. Managers also seek resilient institutions that can ensure adequate supplies for future generations. This paper addresses those challenges by designing and applying an integrated basin-scale framework that accounts for the basin's most important hydrologic, economic, and institutional constraints. Its unique contribution is a quantitative analysis of three policies for addressing long term goals for the basin's reservoirs and aquifers: (1) no sustainability for water stocks, (2) sustaining water stocks, and (3) renewing water stocks. It identifies water use and allocation trajectories over time that result from each of these three plans. Findings show that it is hydrologically and institutionally feasible to manage the basin's water supplies sustainably. The economic cost of protecting the sustainability of the basin's water stocks can be achieved at 6-11 percent of the basin's average annual total economic value of water over a 20 year time horizon. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.

Sanchez-Sanz G.,Gilead Sciences | Alkorta I.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Trujillo C.,Gilead Sciences | Elguero J.,Polytechnic University of Valencia
ChemPhysChem | Year: 2013

A computational study of the intramolecular pnicogen bond in PHF-(CH 2)n-PHF (n=2-6) systems was carried out. For each compound, two different conformations, (R,R) and (R,S), were considered on the basis of the chirality of the phosphine groups. The characteristics of the closed conformers, in which the pnicogen interaction occurs, were compared with those of the extended conformer. In several cases, the closed conformations are more stable than the extended conformations. The calculated interaction energies of the pnicogen contact, by means of isodesmic reactions, provide values between -3.4 and -26.0 kJ mol-1. Atoms in molecules and electron localization function analysis of the electron density showed that the systems in the closed conformations with short P⋯P distances have a partial covalent character in this interaction. The calculated absolute chemical shieldings of the P atoms showed an exponential relationship with the P⋯P distance. In addition, a search in the Cambridge crystallographic database was carried out to detect those compounds with a potential intramolecular pnicogen bond in the solid phase. The way to interact: A computational study of the intramolecular pnicogen bond in PHF-(CH2)n-PHF (n=2-6) systems is carried out. For each compound, two different conformations, (R,R) and (R,S), are considered on the basis of the chirality of the phosphine groups. The characteristics of the closed conformers, in which the pnicogen interaction occurs, are compared with those of the extended conformer. Copyright © 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

Alves T.,University of Lisbon | Morant M.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Cartaxo A.,University of Lisbon | Llorente R.,Polytechnic University of Valencia
IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications | Year: 2011

The performance of orthogonal frequency division multiplexing ultra wideband (UWB) radio signals distribution in long-reach passive optical networks (LR-PONs) using conventional chirp-less Mach Zehnder (MZ) and linearized (L) Y-fed directional couplers electro-optic modulators (EOMs) is compared. Particularly, the optimum modulation index and the corresponding minimum optical signal-to-noise ratio (OSNR) required to achieve a bit error probability of 10 -12 are evaluated through numerical simulation for systems operating with single and three UWB sub-bands and different standard single-mode fiber (SSMF) distances indicated for LR-PONs. Both modulators are characterized experimentally and theoretical model parameters are adjusted to correctly describe the power and chirp characteristics of the electro-optic conversion in the simulation process. It is shown that the optimum modulation index and the tolerance to modulation index variations, considering either single or multi band UWB operation, is approximately two times higher for systems employing L-EOM than MZ-EOM. Additionally, with MZ-EOM, the required OSNR may increase considerably when the fiber length increases due to the power fading induced by fiber chromatic dispersion, achieving a penalty of almost 3 dB for systems with 100 km of SSMF and single UWB sub-band operation. Instead, with L-EOM, the required OSNR penalty (when compared with the back-to-back case) is lower for fiber lengths up to 100 km than it is for systems employing the MZ-EOM modulator due to the combined effect of the chirp generated by the modulator and the chromatic dispersion. © 2011 IEEE.

Toldra F.,CSIC - Institute of Agricultural Chemistry and Food Technology | Reig M.,Polytechnic University of Valencia
Trends in Food Science and Technology | Year: 2011

Meat and meat products are generally recognised as good sources of high biological-value proteins, group B vitamins, minerals and trace elements as well as some other bioactive compounds. However, the image to consumers is relatively negative due to their involvement in prevalent diseases of Western societies like cardiovascular diseases, cancer and obesity. Recent innovations in the meat industry are addressed towards the production of healthier meats and processed meats. The strategies are based on either reducing the content of unhealthy substances (i.e. less added sodium chloride, less nitrate and nitrite) or improving the content of substances with healthy benefits (i.e. natural antioxidants, omega-3 fatty acids, probiotics and bioactive peptides). © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

Alves T.M.F.,University of Lisbon | Morant M.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Cartaxo A.V.T.,University of Lisbon | Llorente R.,Polytechnic University of Valencia
Optics Express | Year: 2012

The simultaneous transmission of four orthogonal frequencydivision multiplexing (OFDM)-based signals used to provide quintuple-play services along wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) long-reach passive optical networks (LR-PONs) is demonstrated experimentally. Particularly, the transmission performance of custom signal bearing Gigabit Ethernet data, Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access, Long Term Evolution and Ultra Wideband (sub-bands 2 and 3) signals is evaluated for different LR-PONs reaches, considering single-wavelength andWDMtransmission, and using a centralized impairment compensation technique at the central office that is transparent to the services provided. It is shown that error vector magnitude-compliant levels are obtained for all the OFDM-based signals in WDM LR-PONs reaching 100 km and that negligible inter-channel crosstalk is obtained for a channel spacing of 100 GHz regardless the OFDM-based signal considered. The successful multi-format OFDM transmission along the 100 km-long WDM LR-PON is achieved in the absence of optical dispersion compensation or single sideband modulation, and it is enabled by the performance improvement provided by the centralized impairment compensation realized. © 2012 Optical Society of America.

Morell P.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Hernando I.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Fiszman S.M.,CSIC - Institute of Agricultural Chemistry and Food Technology
Trends in Food Science and Technology | Year: 2014

Oral processing of food is the first step in the eating process. Although the food undergoes a number of changes during mastication that influence the subsequent steps, this stage has very often been neglected in studies of digestion, bioavailability, flavor release, satiety potential, glycemic index determination, etc. The present review draws on different sources such as nutrition, medicine, phoniatry and dentistry to explain some invitro oral processing methods and techniques that could be transferred to food technology studies to mimic invivo comminution, insalivation, and bolus formation, describing, as a necessary reference, the respective invivo physiological processes they attempt to imitate.Developing a deeper understanding of all the aspects of in-mouth process will help food technologists to give this crucial step the necessary attention its due importance and to consider better ways to incorporate it into their studies. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.3.7 | Award Amount: 2.03M | Year: 2008

Power plants Robustification based On fault Detection and Isolation algorithms

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: JTI-CP-FCH | Phase: SP1-JTI-FCH.2011.4.4 | Award Amount: 4.22M | Year: 2012

Hydrogen is foreseen to be the energy vector of the future. However, there are still significant barriers to store and transport hydrogen, especially in small portable applications. The success of a portable Fuel Cell system depends to a large extent on the fuel supply that should be accomplished in a cost-effective and comfortable manner. The present project proposes a power supply comprising a methanol steam reformer and high temperature polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (HT-PEMFC) operating at the same temperature. The heat integration of these two units originates an increase of up to 14% of the overall efficiency; when reformer and fuel cell operate at the same temperature, the heat involved in the endothermic steam reforming reaction can be supplied by the highly exothermic fuel cell. Moreover, the heat integration also originates a much simpler and compact unit and then robust power supply that can meet and exceed the targets defined by the project call. Because the catalyst characteristics and the low operating temperature, the reformer originates a reformate stream poor in CO (<0.1%), which increases the performance and lifetime of the fuel cell. This remarkable improvement is primarily possible because the development achieved by a team member of a very high active methanol steam reforming catalyst family that can catalyze effectively this reaction at temperatures as low as 170C. The new integrated power supply will be a landmark in the development of a fuel cell power supply for mass consumption. Additionally, it is considered the development and study of a composite palladium membrane for incorporating in the reformer and of an ionic liquid supported polymer membrane selective for CO2 removal from reformate streams operating up to 200C and the characterization of developed catalysts towards the low temperature steam reforming of dimethyl ether. These are fundamental developments needed for the foreseen new generation of combined power supplies.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: ICT-22-2014 | Award Amount: 3.41M | Year: 2015

Around 80 million people in the EU, a sixth of its population, have a disability. Beside this, accessibility is a basic right for all persons with disabilities according to the article 9 of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities signed by the European Commission in 2010. The purpose of accessibility is to enable persons with disabilities to live independently and to participate in all aspects of life. The AIDE project has the ambition to develop and pre-clinical validate a novel and revolutionary modular and adaptive multimodal human-machine interface to allow that moderately and severely impaired people interact with intelligent devices to perform daily activities and to fully participate in society. It will, furthermore, focus on the development of a totally new shared-control paradigm for assistive devices that integrates information from identification of residual abilities, behaviours, emotional state and intentions of the user on one hand and analysis of the environment and context factors on the other hand. A series of applications for the AIDE system have been identified across several domains in which disabled people could greatly benefit: communication, home automation, wearable robots for assisting in activities of daily living and entertainment. The validation of AIDE system will be deployed during 8 months to 5-10 users in the UK at Cedar Foundation. The final goal of this process will be to provide the proof of concept of the advantages of the AIDE system based on a novel modular, natural and adaptive multimodal interface and a shared control system to assist disabled people in accordance with specific user needs.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: ICT-27-2015 | Award Amount: 1.05M | Year: 2016

The prime objective of PICs4All is to increase the impact of photonics and enable access to the advanced photonic integrated circuit (PIC) technologies for academia, research institutes, SMEs and larger companies. This will be achieved by establishing a European network of Application Support Centres (ASCs) in the field of PIC technology. The main task of the ASCs is to lower the barrier to Researchers and SMEs for applying advanced PICs, and thus to increase the awareness of the existence of the worldwide unique facility provided by JePPIX (InP and TriPleX PIC design, manufacturing, testing and packaging). The main objectives of PICs4All are: active scouting opportunities for the use of PICs; promoting the use of the PIC platforms; strengthening Europes industrial lead in the business of integrated photonics; bringing together academia to explore photonics and promote its critical importance. These will be achieved by: reaching out to potential users that are not yet aware of the benefits of PICs; organizing PIC design courses, workshops; connecting users to optical chip designers; assisting access to Multi-Project Wafer runs for PIC fabrication; actual supporting in layout design and testing of prototype PICs. All the activities are advocated by publicity e.g. newsletters, application notes and participation in conferences and exhibitions. PICs4All ASCs will actively support users in taking full advantage of the PIC-technology and its deployment in existing and new applications. For this reason it combines the two targets of an EC supported CSA, i.e. enabling the access to advanced design, fabrication and characterisation facilities, and stimulating the innovation potential of users, esp. SMEs, by supplying hands-on support in developing their business cases. All this is achieved by connecting existing PIC-development infrastructure throughout Europe and by lowering the risk at the investment stage in PIC development by enabling access to low-cost prototyping.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-RISE | Phase: MSCA-RISE-2015 | Award Amount: 1.17M | Year: 2016

Social and economic growth, security and sustainability in Europe are at risk of being compromised due to aging and failing railway infrastructure systems. This partly reflects a recognised skill shortage in railway infrastructure engineering. This project, RISEN, aims to enhance knowledge creation and transfer using both international and intersectoral secondment mechanisms among European Advanced Rail Research Universities/SMEs and Non-EU, world-class rail universities including the University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign (USA), Massachusetts Institute of Technology (USA), Southwest Jiaotong University (China) and University of Wollongong (Australia). This project adds research skill mobility and innovation dimension to existing bilateral collaborations between universities through research exchange, joint research supervision, summer courses, international training and workshops, and joint development of innovative inventions. It spans over 4 years from April 2016 to March 2020. RISEN aims to produce the next generation of engineers and scientists needed to meet the challenge of providing sustainable, smart and resilient railway infrastructure systems critical for maintaining European competitiveness. The emphasis will be placed on the resilience and adaptation of railway and urban transport infrastructures using integrated smart systems. Such critical areas of the research theme will thus be synergised to improve response and resilience of rail infrastructure systems to climate change, extreme events from natural and human-made hazards, and future operational demands. In addition, researchers will benefit from the co-location of engineering education, training and research alongside world-class scientists and industry users through this initiative. Lessons learnt from rail infrastructure management will be shared and utilised to assure integrated and sustainable rail transport planning for future cities and communities.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: H2020-TWINN-2015 | Award Amount: 1.01M | Year: 2016

The goal of LINK is to deepen cooperation between two international leading research centres and a research institution of a widening region in the area of intelligent processing to support cardiovascular disease management in PHC. A twofold strategy shall be followed. (i) Using a status assessment of the Portuguese research on PHC and an international research forum, a roadmap for excellence shall be established. From this roadmap, specific cutting edge research tracks shall developed by common workgroups. These will foster knowledge transfer between partners by using a learn by doing approach, but also increase the research excellence momentum. These research tracks will support Concept definition activities that will be the basis for new project, network and PhD grant proposals, leading to a continuum of widening. (ii) Existing links to international leading organisations (e.g., IFMBE, IEEE-EMBS) and key actors in PHC (academic, industrial and users) will be exploited to launch a research and innovation forum to define a research agenda and the design of curricula for advanced training. Activities to increase the Consortium members involvement in chairing major international events in the field and to link to reputed summer schools. Active involvement of consortium members in existing international working groups in the field will be pursued.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-IRSES | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2011-IRSES | Award Amount: 379.40K | Year: 2012

This CASES project is aimed at teaming up trans-continental researchers in the areas of sustainable design/manufacturing and ICT to enrich the knowledge base and achieve research synergies to develop smart design and manufacturing planning services in terms of energy efficiency. The objectives include: (1) To establish an active international community and effective communication channel for research teams from various regions of the EU, China and Ukraine to collaborate in the research area of eco-design and energy-efficient manufacturing planning. (2) To integrate the complementary expertise of the European, Chinese and Ukrainian teams to devise ICT-based smart services and standards to address the multi-faceted requirements of eco-design and sustainable manufacturing planning. Activities include: The impact of globally sustainable trends on the current practices in the EU, China and Ukraine would be evaluated and relevant strategies and best practices will be proposed; Research in eco-design, manufacturing planning, cloud and service-oriented computing, and computational intelligence will be synchronised to develop innovative smart services. (3) To leverage the geographical characteristics of all teams for research evaluation, improvement and dissemination. The plan includes: The smart services, acquired from the integration of research, systems and algorithms within the teams, will be deployed geographically dispersed for evaluation and improvement; Knowledge sharing and outreach activities will be organised for relevant communities and stakeholders in the EU, China and Ukraine to increase the awareness of the proposed solutions to enable them to shift towards sustainability efficiently.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: EINFRA-1-2014 | Award Amount: 11.14M | Year: 2015

The INDIGO-DataCloud project (INDIGO for short) aims at developing a data/computing platform targeted at scientific communities, deployable on multiple hardware, and provisioned over hybrid (private or public) e-infrastructures. This platform will be built by leading European developers, resource providers, e-infrastructures and scientific communities in order to ensure its successful exploitation and sustainability. All members of the consortium share the common interest in developing advanced middleware to sustain the deployment of service models and user tools to tackle the challenges of the Big Data era. INDIGO will exploit the formidable know-how that was built in Europe along the past ten years of collaborations on scientific computing based on different consolidated and emerging paradigms (HPC, Grid and Cloud). Regarding Cloud computing, both the public and private sectors are already offering IaaS-type Cloud resources. However, numerous areas are of interest to scientific communities where Cloud computing uptake is currently lacking, especially at the PaaS and SaaS levels. The project therefore aims at developing tools and platforms based on open source solutions addressing scientific challenges in the Cloud computing, storage and network areas. INDIGO will allow application development and execution on Cloud and Grid based infrastructures, as well as on HPC clusters. The project will extend existing PaaS solutions, allowing public and private e-infrastructures, including those provided by EGI, EUDAT, PRACE and HelixNebula, to integrate their existing services, make them available through GEANT-compliant federated and distributed AA policies, guaranteeing transparency and trust in the provisioning of such services. INDIGO will also address the development of a flexible and modular presentation layer connected to the expanded PaaS and SaaS frameworks developed by the project and allowing innovative user experiences, also from mobile appliances.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.3.2 | Award Amount: 5.07M | Year: 2011

SARABAND project aims to take advantage of the Q-band frequency (40,5 to 43,5 GHz) in a cost effective way to provide higher performing and integrated network nodes for wireless backhaul of future mobile radio and last mile access for the digital divide by developing smart antennas and front-end radio modules. The use of millimeter waves, particularly the Q-band where 3GHz bandwidth has been regulated by EU, can bring large capacity with high throughputs, fast deployment, with lightweight and discrete equipment.\n\nAs mobile operators face increasing density of base stations as well as growing bandwidth requirements backhaul has become the new challenge.\nTo reduce the digital divide and as a complement to the Fiber to the Home, especially where cost to deploy fiber cannot be justified, it is proposed to deliver capacity to enterprises and households over the last miles at much more reasonable cost.\nHigh throughputs & capacities can be delivered with GHz bandwidth compact radios with advanced antennas and front ends radios. Performances and cost target will be met with: on the one hand low profile high gain and programmable multi-beam antennas and very high performance miniaturized analogue steerable antennas, on other hand advanced packaged Q-band circuits.\n\nLens antennas are an attractive and inexpensive solution to produce highly shaped radiation patterns. The SARABAND lens shape will be designed in order to transform the feed pattern to the desired radiation pattern. Other very attractive concept proposed in SARABAND for electronic beam steering studies is the Circular Switched Parasitic Array (CSPA) antenna that is proposed as one solution for the agile Q-Band antenna in the repeaters. SARABAND will propose very advance packaging and interconnection process for Q-band radio front-end modules achieving high thermal efficiency performances, high reliability and lifetime and low costs.\n\nIn this way, Q band wide spectrum and free space attenuation, pattern control of antenna beams, and consumption improvement with integration of smaller chips with better yields lead to low level radiation under 0.1V/m and less energy consumption, making SARABAND a Green Technology.\n\nThe collaboration of the SARABAND partners will go further by creating state of the art, smart, high gain & agile Q-band antennas with miniaturized Q-band radio head inside. They will associate the latest best performing modems and integrate the products within an IP network with management and traffic shaping on a real environment test bed. The aim is to convince operators of the capabilities of the massive bandwidth available in millimeter, and to present the most cost-efficient and easily deployed wireless backhaul and access networks solutions.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.9.1 | Award Amount: 3.93M | Year: 2013

Everyone needs their voice, and speech has a pivotal function in modern society. A detailed, working model of the voice would contribute to the human atlas and would find profound applications in fields such as speech technology, medical research, pedagogy, linguistics and the arts. But the physics are very intricate: we make the sounds of speech, song and emotions using multiple mechanisms; and these are under exquisite control, through muscle activation patterns acquired from years of training. Physically, voice involves complex interactions between laminar and turbulent airflow; vibrating, deforming, colliding elastic solids; and sound waves resonating in a contorting duct. So far, these mechanisms have had to be studied one at a time, using disparate tools and often gross approximations, for each of the subproblems. Now, advances in computing techniques suggest the possibility of simulating the entire voice organ, including its biomechanics and aeroacoustics, in a unified numerical domain. This major computational challenge would bring research and education much closer to reality. In the EUNISON project, we seek to build a new voice simulator that is based on physical first principles to an unprecedented degree. From given inputs, representing topology or muscle activations or phonemes, it will render the 3-D physics of the voice, including of course its acoustic output. This will give important insights into how the voice works, and how it fails. The goal is not a speech synthesis system, but rather a voice simulation engine, with many applications; given the right controls and enough computer time, it could be made to speak in any language, or sing in any style. The model will be operable on-line, as a reference and a platform for others to exploit in further studies. The long-term prospects include more natural speech synthesis, improved clinical procedures, greater public awareness of voice, better voice pedagogy and new forms of cultural expression.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: FETHPC-1-2014 | Award Amount: 5.80M | Year: 2015

MANGO targets to achieve extreme resource efficiency in future QoS-sensitive HPC through ambitious cross-boundary architecture exploration for performance/power/predictability (PPP) based on the definition of new-generation high-performance, power-efficient, heterogeneous architectures with native mechanisms for isolation and quality-of-service, and an innovative two-phase passive cooling system. Its disruptive approach will involve many interrelated mechanisms at various architectural levels, including heterogeneous computing cores, memory architectures, interconnects, run-time resource management, power monitoring and cooling, to the programming models. The system architecture will be inherently heterogeneous as an enabler for efficiency and application-based customization, where general-purpose compute nodes (GN) are intertwined with heterogeneous acceleration nodes (HN), linked by an across-boundary homogeneous interconnect. It will provide guarantees for predictability, bandwidth and latency for the whole HN node infrastructure, allowing dynamic adaptation to applications. MANGO will develop a toolset for PPP and explore holistic pro-active thermal and power management for energy optimization including chip, board and rack cooling levels, creating a hitherto inexistent link between HW and SW effects at all layers. Project will build an effective large-scale emulation platform. The architecture will be validated through noticeable examples of application with QoS and high-performance requirements. Ultimately, the combined interplay of the multi-level innovative solutions brought by MANGO will result in a new positioning in the PPP space, ensuring sustainable performance as high as 100 PFLOPS for the realistic levels of power consumption (<15MWatt) delivered to QoS-sensitive applications in large-scale capacity computing scenarios providing essential building blocks at the architectural level enabling the full realization of the ETP4HPC strategic research agenda.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: NMP.2011.1.4-1 | Award Amount: 10.41M | Year: 2012

The BUONAPART-E project aims to demonstrate that a physical nanoparticle synthesis process can be economically scaled-up to yield 100 kg/day production rate, which is the target rate mentioned in the Call Topic. The process is simple, versatile, and reliable. It avoids chemical precursors and solvents, while fully recycling the necessary inert carrier gas, resulting in a minimal impact on the environment. The process does not necessitate external heating of the inert gas, thereby keeping energy consumption low. The main goal of the BUONAPART-E is to increase the production rate of a single basic unit in which the evaporation of the raw material is done by electric means by a factor of 10 to 100 and to implement necessary monitoring and collecting tools to ensure high quality product delivery. Experimental results as well as literature data indicate that an energy efficiency of 100 kWh/kg has been reached for a single unit. The challenge addressed in BUONAPART-E, which can only be met with new knowledge of the hitherto unknown fundamental mechanisms taking place, is to obtain an increase in the production rate, while retaining energy efficiency. The process allows for the synthesis of different materials using the same production platform. The basic evaporation unit (called hereafter the Optimal Single Unit or OSU) is a set of electrodes. A large number of these units can be placed in a single housing, contributing to the cost-effectiveness of the process. The use of many single production units in parallel, which can be thoroughly optimized and tested on a lab scale for a given material, ensures that a highly-effective scale-up of the synthesis process in terms of cost and energy consumption is possible. Further equipment, such as pumps, power supply to the OSUs and the particle collection unit, can be scaled-up as single units leading to additional cost benefits.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: SPA.2010.1.1-04 | Award Amount: 3.04M | Year: 2010

SIRIUS addresses efficient water resource management in water-scarce environments. It focuses in particular on water for food production with the perspective of a sustainable agriculture in the context of integrated river-basin management, including drought management. It aims at developing innovative and new GMES service capacities for the user community of irrigation water management and sustainable food production, in accordance with the vision of bridging and integrating sustainable development and economic competitiveness. SIRIUS merges two previously separate strands of activities, those under the umbrella of GMES, related to land products and services (which address water to some extent), and those conducted under FP5/6-Environment and national programs, related to EO-assisted user-driven products and services for the water and irrigation community. As such, it will draw on existing GMES Core Services as much as possible, by integrating these products into some of the required input for the new water management services.It also makes direct use of the EO-assisted systems and services developed in the FP6 project PLEIADeS and its precursor EU or national projects, like DEMETER, IRRIMED, ERMOT, MONIDRI, AGRASER, all addressing the irrigation water and food production sectors, some of which have resulted in sustainable system implementation since 2005. SIRIUS addresses users (water managers and food producers) at scales ranging from farm, over irrigation scheme or aquifer, to river-basins. It will provide them with maps of irrigation water requirements, crop water consumption and a range of further products for sustainable irrigation water use and management under conditions of water scarcity and drought, integrated in leading-edge participatory spatial online Decision-support systems. The SIRIUS service concept considers the economic, environmental, technical, social, and political dimensions in an integrated way.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2013.3.4 | Award Amount: 15.58M | Year: 2013

The objective of DREAMS is to develop a cross-domain architecture and design tools for networked complex systems where application subsystems of different criticality, executing on networked multi-core chips, are supported.\nDREAMS will deliver architectural concepts, meta-models, virtualization technologies, model-driven development methods, tools, adaptation strategies and validation, verification and certification methods for the seamless integration of mixed-criticality to establish security, safety, real-time performance as well as data, energy and system integrity.\nDREAMS will leverage multi-core platforms for a hierarchical system perspective of mixed-criticality applications combining the chip- and cluster-level. This system perspective will be established by virtualization (e.g., secure and timely end-to-end channels with different on-chip and off-chip segments), platform models and tools and integrated resource management resulting in higher flexibility, adaptability and energy efficiency.\nThe consortium consists of major embedded system suppliers and OEMs encompassing a broad range of application domains (avionics, wind power, healthcare), supported by leading research and academic organizations.\nDREAMS will significantly reduce development lifecycle and certification efforts and enable mixed-criticality product lines. The impact further includes a reduction of time-to-market, decreased development, deployment and maintenance cost, and the exploitation of the economies of scale through cross-domain components and tools.\nBased on strong foundation in European and national initiatives, DREAMS will establish a European reference architecture for mixed-criticality systems by consolidating and extending platform technologies and development methods. The project will actively contribute to community building and standardization to facilitate industrial harmonization and uptake of results.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA | Phase: ICT-2009.5.1 | Award Amount: 842.25K | Year: 2009

PREVE is a Support Action identifying ICT research directions for disease prevention. The proposal focuses on primary prevention, because the market for PHS based services in secondary prevention is already emerging. Also, the focus will be on the ways and means by which an individual can be a producer of health with the support of health professionals (when needed). The work will be guided by a tentative intervention model that comprises: (1) entry points or trigger events that provide a window of opportunity for starting prevention actions, (2) a personal profile based on life stage, behavior, risk factors etc., (3) a personalized intervention strategy that engages individuals as it guides, enables and motivates them in health management.\nIssues that will be considered in identifying the ICT research directions include: 1) prevalence of preventable diseases; 2) best practices for disease prevention; 3) user segmenting based on life stages, preferences, behavior / motivation, clinical risk factors; 4) ICT systems used in uncontrolled environments; 5) validation (proof of value); and 6) sustainable business models.\nThe work plan comprises three phases. In Phase 1 the most prevalent diseases are selected. These are analysed for the established best practice in their primary prevention. In Phase 2 personalization needs of the intervention model (e.g. user segmentation by different criteria and motivational issues) are analyzed. This includes also an analysis of past and ongoing PHS projects and the market to learn from their secondary prevention ideas and solutions. In Phase 3 implementation issues are studied, i.e. how the response ability of individuals in primary prevention can be facilitated with ICT. This includes an analysis of business models for ICT supported disease prevention, value network relations between the actors and stakeholders and ways for value creation and validation of value.The final deliverable is a White Paper outlining ICT research directions for primary prevention. A multidisciplinary Advisory Panel has been assembled. It will be used to comment and critique the deliverables of the project in their draft stages. The intermediate results will also be discussed and evaluated in three workshops with invited experts.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.3.5 | Award Amount: 3.36M | Year: 2008

InTopSens is a multidisciplinary project involving the emerging fields of photonics structures, electronics, fluidics and bio-chemistry, to contribute to the development of high value sensor technology. This objective will be addressed through the demonstration of a compact polymer and silicon-based CMOS-compatible photonics sensor system. It integrates two label-free biomolecular recognition photonic sensor technologies with sensitivities as low as 0.1ng per ml, state-of-the-art in label-free integrated optical biosensors, with novel coupling technology that will permit very high integration of hundreds of sensing areas on a 1mm2 photonics chip. This offers the further advantageous possibility of assaying several parameters simultaneously leading to further increases in the reliability and reductions in the measurement uncertainty of a diagnostic over single-parameter assays. The novel diagnostic technology of the InTopSens device has the potential to be fast and easy to use, making routine screening or monitoring of bacteria more cost-effective. The ultimate target of InTopSens is to demonstrate the feasibility of a rapid diagnostic test for sepsis at point of care. From the introduction onto the chip of a large drop of blood (some 5ml) it will have after 5-10 mins a yes/no to the presence of bacteria and after less than 30mins an antibiotic resistance profile of the infecting bacteria. Some 120 sensing areas/datapoints are needed to identify this profile and as such due to the very high integration up to 250 assays can be integrated onto a 1mm2 chip for the same bacteria for higher sensitivity/selectivity or for other bacteria. A final prototype consisting of a packaged biochip will be used on clinical samples in order to detect the sepsis bacteria and determine their resistance to antibiotics.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.4.1 | Award Amount: 4.29M | Year: 2011

ARtSENSE tackles a very important problem in the modern usage of ICT in cultural heritage domain: bridging the gap between the digital world with the physical in a highly flexible way in order to enable a novel, adaptive cultural experience.\nARtSENSE aims to develop an active assistants which looks over the users shoulder (physical world) and react on any change in a visitors state of interests (users world) by adapting the guide (digital world) accordingly.\nBesides introducing novel wearable technologies for sensing continuously and non-intrusively the users context (visual eye-tracking, audio, physiological biosensing) in order to determine the users current interest (mental engagement), ARtSENSE will revolutionize the way how adaptive assistance will be realized: using cutting-edge technology (low weight bidirectional see-through displays) that enables overlaying reality with digital information transparently, including gaze-and gesture-controlled interaction, so that visitors have the feeling that physical objects are directly responding to them. In that way artworks become active artefacts that react on users attention and emotions and provide more information about them! This leads to the new generation of mobile museum guides based on the novel concept we call Adaptive Augmented Reality (A2R).\nThe realization of such an ambitious result will be based on the prior work of partners in the domain of Augmented Reality for Cultural Heritage, Affective Computing and Complex Event Processing, which ensures the quality and reliability of generated outcomes and it will be driven by the three complementary use cases from Cultural Heritage domain, which ensures the usefulness and reusability of results.\nVery rigorous and comprehensive evaluation and exploitation plans ensures that this work will produce exploitable research results and influence the selected research areas, as well as the usage of advance ICT in the CH domain in general.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.5.1 | Award Amount: 11.42M | Year: 2008

The aim of METABO is to set up a comprehensive platform, running both in clinical settings and in every-day life environments, for continuous and multi-parametric monitoring of the metabolic status in patients with, or at risk of, diabetes and associated metabolic disorders. The type of parameters that will be monitored, in addition to traditional clinical and biomedical parameters, will also include subcutaneous glucose concentration, dietary habits, physical activity and energy expenditure, effects of ongoing treatments, and autonomic reactions. The data produced by METABO will be integrated with the clinical data and the history of the patient and will be used in two major interrelated contexts of care: 1. Setting up a dynamic model of the metabolic behaviour of the individual to predict the influence and relative impact of specific treatments and of single parameters on glucose level. 2. Building personalized care plans integrated in the current clinical processes linking the different actors in primary and secondary care and improving the active role of the Patient.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2012-ITN | Award Amount: 3.58M | Year: 2013

In recent years the computational complexity of mathematical models employed in financial mathematics has witnessed a tremendous growth. Advanced numerical techniques are imperative for the most present-day applications in financial industry. The motivation for this training network is the need for a network of highly educated European scientists in the field of financial mathematics and computational science, so as to exchange and discuss current insights and ideas, and to lay groundwork for future collaborations. Besides a series of internationally recognized researchers from academics, leading quantitative analysts from the financial industry also participate in this network. The challenge lies in the necessity of combining complementary techniques and skills such as mathematical analysis, sophisticated numerical methods and stochastic simulation methods with deep qualitative and quantitative understanding of mathematical models arising from financial markets. The main training objective is to prepare, at the highest possible level, young researchers with a broad scope of scientific knowledge and to teach transferable skills, like social awareness which is very important in view of the recent financial crises. The current topic in this network is that the financial crisis in the European countries is a contagion and herding effect and is clearly outside of the domain of validity of Black-Scholes and Mertons theory, since the market is not Gaussian and it is not frictionless and complete. In this research training network our aim is to deeper understand complex (mostly nonlinear) financial models and to develop effective and robust numerical schemes for solving linear and nonlinear problems arising from the mathematical theory of pricing financial derivatives and related financial products. This aim will be accomplished by means of financial modelling, mathematical analysis and numerical simulations, optimal control techniques and validation of models.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: SEC-2009-4.3-02 | Award Amount: 4.58M | Year: 2010

The effective management of an incident involving exposure of large numbers of people to radioactive material, whether accidental or following malevolent use of radioactivity, requires a mechanism for rapid triage of exposed persons. The BOOSTER project addresses this requirement under Security Topic SEC-2009-4.3.2 Bio-dosimetric tools to manage radiological casualties. Current biodosimetric approaches frequently involve cytogenetics. The analysis of dicentric/ ring chromosomes is the mechanism of choice for precise estimation of an individuals exposure. Current optimisation of such analyses involves the automation of various steps in the process. However, chromosome analyses are performed on the first mitosis post-exposure and thus a significant limiting factor remains a cell culture step (2 days) that is impossible to reduce. New biodosimeters are required that may not bring the same precision as cytogenetic analysis but will permit triage in the first hours post-accident into three populations (i.e. to identify individuals that require no further intervention, those who require close follow-up and those who require hospitalisation). BOOSTER is a capability project designed to research and develop new bio-dosimetric tools in order to quickly evaluate the level of potential casualties, determine by appropriate sensors their consequences, allow an efficient triage of exposed people, integrate a useful and usable toolbox, train civil protection operators and define commercial exploitation potentialities. The BOOSTER project will use an integrated approach to deliver new bio-dosimetric tools. We propose to optimise existing tools for assessment of a radiological situation and to develop novel biodosimetric procedures for estimation of radiation exposure in cells from patients. These approaches will be combined in a prognostic toolkit that will allow effective management of exposed persons presenting at triage.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: EUB-1-2015 | Award Amount: 1.50M | Year: 2016

EUrope-BRAzil Collaboration on BIG Data Scientific REsearch through Cloud-Centric Applications aims at providing services in the cloud for the processing of massive data coming from highly connected societies, which impose multiple challenges on resource provision, performance, Quality of Service and privacy. Processing those data require rapidly provisioned infrastructures customised to Big Data requirements. The three main aims of the proposal will be: - The development of innovative Big Data services for capturing, federating and annotating on the order of PB of data on top of efficient programming models. Despite that MapReduce is a successful model in BigData (with a high impact on massive Geo-spatial and textual data), it has many limitations specially when dealing with real-time transactions or streamed data, the proposal would aim to introduce innovative evolutions on the capture, federation & annotation experience it can bring to the table with its partners. - The Development of advanced cloud services to support Big Data. This cloud services will address three main challenges: a) the advance on SLAs to support privacy (boundaries of protected data to be moved) and performance restrictions (convenience of moving data to computing resources or vice-versa); b) Quality of Service (vertical and horizontal elastic adjustment of resources allocates to meet deadlines and dynamic adjustment of workloads); and c) Business models (price-based dynamic re-scheduling of data searching for the best usage of resources invested). - The demonstration of such services on applications with high social and business impact, addressing main scenarios of high interest for both Europe and Brazil.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: GC-SST.2010.7-2. | Award Amount: 4.26M | Year: 2010

ICE is focused on the development of a new air conditioning and heat pump system based on the Magneto Caloric heat pump and a on the redesign of the cabin air conditioning and microclimate control to use is the most efficient way the cooling and heating power. The Consortium includes a SME having a relevant and unique KH on Magneto Caloric heat pump, a OEM supported by an acknowledged automotive research center, a tier one automotive supplier and two important academic and research institutions. The FEV scenario is moving towards a progressive diffusion in urban areas (e.g. small passenger cars and small buses). In this context a small bus has been selected as a demonstrator vehicle this because represents a challenging application, is commercially available and in use (real use data available) within the consortium so to give a real chance of exploitation in the short medium term period for the project outcomes. Within the project will be also evaluated the applications for passenger cars and trucks (parking heating and cooling). The project major contents are Efficient automotive electrical compact heat pump (COP > 5 in cooling mode) based on Magneto Caloric effect using high efficiency magnetic materials, smart design and specific micro channelled heat exchangers. Redesign of the thermal power distribution system based on a coolant loop to distribute locally in the cabin the thermal power and to control the temperature of batteries and electronics. Microclimate control system based on thermal comfort and able to limit the thermal power generation only to the really required quantity and to adapt the system to the occupants number. Sustainable Cost: thanks to the resize of the systems and systems integration The project results will be validated installing the system on an electrical bus and testing it also with road tests. The project includes also a relevant dissemination and exploitation activity to promote the application of the ICE approach.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: REGIONS-2012-2013-1 | Award Amount: 2.80M | Year: 2013

Dorothy Project is targeted to develop the potential of innovation and research in the four Regions Tuscany (Italy),Valencia (Spain),Lisbon and Tagus (Portugal) and Oltenia (Romania) composing the Consortium in the field of Urban Logistics, one of the main focus of attention of the Flagship Initiative. In fact UL could reach 40% of the total cost of transportation and has great relevancy for energy consumption ad for town environmental quality. Research and technological innovation can play a significant role in the improvement of competitiveness of the sector. The Project organization shows a two level structure: -the Consortium partners, qualified in their specific role, experienced in the field, capable of developing the work required, be representative of the realities of the local Clusters, cover the essential roles in the Project. -The Stakeholders group, composed by all the initial partners of the Clusters and by other significant stakeholders (representatives of Associations, Chambers of Commerce, etc.) which can address and support the actions foreseen by the Project. The specific objectives of the Project can be synthesised as follow: -To define lines of research and innovation for the Clusters compliant with the specific technological and territorial specialisations. -To address the research-driven clusters in the four Regions toward common developments and collaboration through networking activities. -To set up the better conditions for the full exploitation of the results of the researches. -To ensure the spread of knowledge through high quality dissemination and stakeholders involvement. -To support the internationalisation of the Clusters through specific actions (Albania and Brazil already interested ). -To define Joint Action Plans (JAP) for the four Regions, with the active involvement of the Regional Authorities and Agencies -To mentor the start-up of the research clusters -To monitor the start-up of the activities defined in the JAP.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENERGY-2007-4.3-01 | Award Amount: 7.55M | Year: 2009

GROUND-MED project will demonstrate geothermal heat pump (GSHP) systems for heating and cooling of measured SPF>5,0 in 8 demonstration sites of South Europe. As the SPF is determined not only by the heat pump unit, but by its operating conditions imposed to the heat pump by the ground heat exchanger and the heating/cooling system of the building as well, integrated systems incorporating the following technological solutions will be demonstrated and evaluated: a) new water source heat pumps of improved seasonal efficiency; key technologies include use of the next generation of compressors, heat exchangers and automation; b) borehole heat exchangers and heating/cooling systems operating with minimum temperature difference between them, which also follows the corresponding heating/cooling demand from the building; design aspects, thermal storage and system controls are important; c) minimum power consumption to system components; key parts are the fan-coil and air-handling units. GROUND-MED has a duration of 5 years and a budget of around 7,3 million euros, comprising 25% research and 75% demonstration and other activities. The GROUND-MED consortium comprises 24 organizations mainly from South Europe, including a wide diversity of GSHP actors, such as research and educational institutes, heat pump manufacturers, national and European industrial associations, energy consultants and works contractors.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: WATER-2a-2014 | Award Amount: 8.00M | Year: 2015

IMproving PRedictions and management of hydrological EXtremes For a better anticipation on future high impact hydrological extremes disrupting safety of citizens, agricultural production, transportation, energy production and urban water supply, and overall economic productivity, prediction and foresighting capabilities and their intake in these strategic sectors need to be improved. IMPREX will improve forecast skill of meteorological and hydrological extremes in Europe and their impacts, by applying dynamic model ensembles, process studies, new data assimilation techniques and high resolution modeling. Novel climate change impact assessment concepts will focus at increasing the realism of relevant events by specific high resolution regional downscaling, explore compounding trans-sectoral and trans-regional risks, and design new risk management paradigms. These developments are demonstrated in impact surveys for strategic economic sectors in a set of case studies in which local stakeholders, public organizations and SMEs are involved. A pan-European assessment of risk management and adaptation strategies is applied, minimizing risk transfer from one sector or region to another. As a key outreach product, a periodic hydrological risk outlook for Europe is produced, incorporating the dynamic evolution of hydro-climatic and socio-economic processes. The project outreach maximizes the legacy impact of the surveys, aimed at European public stakeholder and business networks, including user-friendly assessment summaries, and training material. The project responds to the call by targeting the quality of short-to-medium hydro-meteorological predictions, enhancing the reliability of future climate projections, apply this information to strategic sectoral and pan-European surveys at different scales, and evaluate and adapt current risk management strategies. With its integrative approach, IMPREX will link current management decisions and actions with an emergent future.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENV.2012.6.4-1 | Award Amount: 7.69M | Year: 2012

The main goal of the ENHANCE project is to develop and analyse new ways to enhance societys resilience to catastrophic natural hazard impacts, by providing new scenarios and information in selected hazard cases in close collaboration with stakeholders, and by contributing to the development of new multi-sector partnerships (MSPs) to reduce or redistribute risk. Innovation in MSPs is essential, as (ineffective) cooperation between public, private and civil society institutions often leads to failures in risk management. The ENHANCE proposal is unique as it studies the potential for new MSPs for managing different catastrophic hazards, related to heat waves, forest fires, flood, drought, storm surge, and volcanic eruptions. Key to successful partnerships is a common understanding of risks and the implications of proposed risk reduction instruments. Therefore, ENHANCE facilitates a participatory process to develop MSPs in cases studies at different geographical- and spatial scales in Europe. The main products of ENHANCE are a) a harmonised dynamic scenarios of vulnerability, exposure, and hazard at the pan-European scale, using existing information and new probabilistic approaches for multi-hazards, heat-waves, forest fires, floods, droughts, storm surges, and volcanic eruptions; b) guidelines and key features for enhancing MSP interaction in successful resilience enhancement and risk reduction, pre-tested via participatory workshops on risk-based scenarios; c) methods for linking MSPs to novel scientific risk scenarios and assessments; d) a toolbox of economic instruments and non-structural mitigation measures at the national, regional, and local levels developed in a participatory manner and aimed at assessing risk and increasing societal resilience; and e) policy recommendations to the EU and HFA signatories delivered through a dissemination platform for enhancing resilience from high political levels to local communities. ENHANCE offers a team that consists of scientific research institutes, public policy organisations including UNISDR, private sector specialists and an NGO that ensure societal relevance and the feasibility of implementation of our deliverables. Within 10 case studies public and private partners will be approached to develop MSPs and to test our methods. Finally, the project will ensure that its products will impact target groups through a dissemination strategy, developed in close collaboration with members of an external advisory board.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: EURO-3-2014 | Award Amount: 2.38M | Year: 2015

There is growing consensus in Europe that an active set of approaches to welfare known as Social Investment will improve human capital, enable more people to participate in society, and reduce intergenerational deprivation, yet implementation has been uneven across member states and much remains to be learned, especially with regard to regional and local realities of Social Investment. This proposal is for EURO-3-2014: European societies after the crisis. Within that call its focus is on Innovative social investment approaches for the modernisation of social policies and services. We will deploy multidisciplinary research on innovative ways of implementing and financing social welfare that promise lasting benefits. Our aims are threefold: -Identify and evaluate existing innovative and strategic approaches to social welfare reform at a regional and local level; -Explore social and psychological impact of these innovations on individuals and communities; -Collate useful, practical learning from this new body of evidence and mobilise it to inform policy and practice across the EU. We will deliver on our first two aims through: Macro and micro-level research on social investment policies and initiatives; Mixed method case studies in ten member states, taking account of local and regional networks, institutions and assets, as well as national and European policies; A distinct understanding of Social Investment utilizing social innovation as a key concept; A strong user voice, ensured throughout the project by recruiting and training Community Reporters Approximately a third of the resource on this project is devoted to impact generation (Aim 3). Results from the research will be assimilated in a Foresight Analysis where we will work with policy makers, user-led organizations and social entrepreneurs to consider options for innovative ways of implementing and financing social welfare systems in the future. 10 impact partners will assist us.

Herrada M.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Shtern V.,Shtern Research and Consulting
Physics of Fluids | Year: 2015

This numerical study reveals that the thermal convection, induced by the axial gradient of temperature in a rotating pipe, suffers from the shear-layer instability if the Prandtl number, Pr, is small. As Pr increases, this instability is suppressed by the stable density stratification in the field of centrifugal force. In an annular pipe, the thermal instability develops for large Pr if a temperature of walls is prescribed. For a narrow annulus, these features agree with the known results for a planar flow driven by gravity and a horizontal gradient of temperature. It is shown here that the thermal instability does not develop if the walls are adiabatic. The centrifugal and Marangoni convection of a liquid, partially filling the pipe, also suffers from the shear-layer instability for small Pr and has no thermal instability. These features agree with the experiments for the planar flow performed by Kirdyashkin. The obtained results are of fundamental interest and can be relevant for the development of centrifugal heat exchangers. © 2015 AIP Publishing LLC.

Naderi B.,Amirkabir University of Technology | Ruiz R.,Polytechnic University of Valencia
Computers and Operations Research | Year: 2010

This paper studies a new generalization of the regular permutation flowshop scheduling problem (PFSP) referred to as the distributed permutation flowshop scheduling problem or DPFSP. Under this generalization, we assume that there are a total of F identical factories or shops, each one with m machines disposed in series. A set of n available jobs have to be distributed among the F factories and then a processing sequence has to be derived for the jobs assigned to each factory. The optimization criterion is the minimization of the maximum completion time or makespan among the factories. This production setting is necessary in today's decentralized and globalized economy where several production centers might be available for a firm. We characterize the DPFSP and propose six different alternative mixed integer linear programming (MILP) models that are carefully and statistically analyzed for performance. We also propose two simple factory assignment rules together with 14 heuristics based on dispatching rules, effective constructive heuristics and variable neighborhood descent methods. A comprehensive computational and statistical analysis is conducted in order to analyze the performance of the proposed methods. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Naderi B.,Amirkabir University of Technology | Ruiz R.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Zandieh M.,Shahid Beheshti University
Computers and Operations Research | Year: 2010

This paper deals with a realistic variant of flowshop scheduling, namely the hybrid flexible flowshop. A hybrid flowshop mixes the characteristics of regular flowshops and parallel machine problems by considering stages with parallel machines instead of having one single machine per stage. We also investigate the flexible version where stage skipping might occur, i.e., not all stages must be visited by all jobs. Lastly, we also consider job sequence dependent setup times per stage. The optimization criterion considered is makespan minimization. While many approaches for hybrid flowshops have been proposed, hybrid flexible flowshops have been rarely studied. The situation is even worse with the addition of sequence dependent setups. In this study, we propose two advanced algorithms that specifically deal with the flexible and setup characteristics of this problem. The first algorithm is a dynamic dispatching rule heuristic, and the second is an iterated local search metaheuristic. The proposed algorithms are evaluated by comparison against seven other high performing existing algorithms. The statistically sound results support the idea that the proposed algorithms are very competitive for the studied problem. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Moreira M.C.O.,University of Sao Paulo | Miralles C.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Costa A.M.,University of Melbourne
Computers and Operations Research | Year: 2015

We propose the Assembly Line Worker Integration and Balancing Problem (ALWIBP), a new assembly line balancing problem arising in lines with conventional and disabled workers. The goal of this problem is to maintain high productivity levels by minimizing the number of workstations needed to reach a given output, while integrating in the assembly line a number of disabled workers. Being able to efficiently manage a heterogeneous workforce is especially important in the current social context where companies are urged to integrate workers with different profiles. In this paper we present mathematical models and heuristic methodologies that can help assembly line managers to cope with this additional complexity. We demonstrate by means of a robust benchmark how this integration can be done with losses of productivity that are much lower than expected. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.

Domenech-Carbo A.,University of Valencia | Domenech-Carbo M.T.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Peiro-Ronda M.A.,Museu de Prehistoria de Valencia
Analytical Chemistry | Year: 2011

A methodology for dating archeological lead artifacts based on the voltammetry of microparticles is described. This methodology is based on the comparison of the height of specific voltammetric features from PbO 2 and PbO corrosion products formed under long-term alteration conditions. Calibration of the method was performed with the help of a series of well-documented lead pieces from the funds of different museums of the Comunitat Valenciana (Spain) covering from the fifth century B.C. to present day. The variation of peak currents with the time of corrosion can be fitted to the same potential rate law as that found by Reich (α = 0.070 ± 0.005), using measurements on the Meissner fraction in the superconducting state of lead. The proposed electrochemical methodology enables the dating of archeological lead artifacts with a time-dependent uncertainty estimated to be ±150 years for the most ancient samples in this study. © 2011 American Chemical Society.

Martinez-Felipe A.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Imrie C.T.,University of Aberdeen | Ribes-Greus A.,Polytechnic University of Valencia
Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research | Year: 2013

The formation of smectic phases in side-chain liquid crystal copolymers, SCLCPs, containing sulfonic acid-based nonmesogenic units, has been investigated using variable temperature FT-IR microscopy. Two copolymers have been characterized, namely, the poly[10-(4-methoxy-4′-oxy-azobenzene) decyl methacrylate]-copoly[2-acrylamido-2-methyl-1-propanesulfonic acid]s, the X-MeOAzB/AMPS copolymers, containing X = 0.71 and 0.56 mol fraction of mesogenic side-chains, respectively. For comparative purposes the corresponding side chain liquid crystal homopolymer, poly[10-(4-methoxy-4′-oxy-azobenzene) decyl methacrylate], MeOAzB, has also been characterized. The 0.56-MeOAzB/AMPS copolymer exhibits a bilayer smectic A phase, in which the mesogenic side chains constitute one layer with a SmA1 packing arrangement and the sulfonic acid groups another; whereas in the smectic A phase shown by the 0.71-MeOAzB/AMPS copolymer, the acid groups are located within the smectic layers giving a partially interdigated SmAd phase and reducing side chain packing efficiency. Smectic stabilization is attributed to a combination of stronger interactions involving the ester groups, as reflected in changes to the C=O stretching band at ν ∼ 1730 cm-1, and hydrogen bonding between the amide groups within the acid-based layers, as inferred by changes to the NH stretching band at ν ∼ 3320 cm-1. The temperature response observed for groups with different chemical environments permits the mapping of the short-range interactions between the various structural components in SCLCPs with a view to controlling the functionality of the materials. © 2013 American Chemical Society.

Martin B.R.,University of Sussex | Martin B.R.,University of Cambridge | Nightingale P.,University of Sussex | Yegros-Yegros A.,Polytechnic University of Valencia
Research Policy | Year: 2012

Science and Technology Studies (STS) is one of a number of new research fields to emerge over the last four or five decades. This paper attempts to identify its core academic contributions from the perspective of the authors of chapters in authoritative 'handbooks' and the references they cite. Besides identifying the most prominent publications, institutions and authors, we examine whether the core contributions can be broken down into identifiable clusters. The study also analyses the impact of these contributions by exploring the research fields, journals, and geographical location of the researchers that have cited the STS core contributions in their own work. Together, these analyses reveal a number of phases in the development of STS with periods of convergence and divergence of the field, including the gradual separation of quantitative studies of science and technology from the main body of STS. The paper ends with some conclusions about the evolution of STS, such as the role of 'institution builders' in developing new research fields and the structures required to hold them together. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.

Ferriz-Manas M.,Florida State University | Ferriz-Manas M.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Schlenoff J.B.,Florida State University
Langmuir | Year: 2014

Zeta potentials of surfaces bearing stable mono- or multilayers of polyelectrolyte were determined using the spinning disk method recently described by Sides et al. (Langmuir 2004, 20, 11493-11498). In this technique, the streaming potential difference between two electrodes, one at the disk surface, is quantitatively related to zeta potential. Variables such as rotation speed, electrolyte concentration, and electrode distance from the disk surface were explored and used to validate the recently-described theory, which emphasizes minimal contribution to net potential from surface conductivity. Layer-by-layer oscillations in sign and magnitude of the zeta potential were observed, in accord with prior work using electrophoretic mobility of multilayer-coated particles and other streaming potential measurements. The open geometry and the excellent mass transport of the spinning disk allowed in-situ observation of surface charge switching during the addition of a layer. As with all zeta potentials, especially those recorded at soft interfaces, translating results to quantitative densities of fixed surface charge is a challenge. © 2014 American Chemical Society.

George N.V.,Indian Institute of Technology Gandhinagar | Gonzalez A.,Polytechnic University of Valencia
Applied Acoustics | Year: 2014

This paper proposes a nonlinear active noise control (ANC) system based on convex combination of a functional link artificial neural network (FLANN) and a Volterra filter. Simulation study reveals enhanced noise cancelation performance of the proposed ANC system over the ones based on its component filters. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Bartak R.,Charles University | Salido M.A.,Polytechnic University of Valencia
Constraints | Year: 2011

The areas of planning and scheduling (from the Artificial Intelligence point of view) have seen important advances thanks to application of constraint satisfaction techniques. Currently, many important real-world problems require efficient constraint handling for planning, scheduling and resource allocation to competing goal activities over time in the presence of complex state-dependent constraints. Solutions to these problems require integration of resource allocation and plan synthesis capabilities. Hence to manage such complex problems planning, scheduling and constraint satisfaction must be interrelated. This special issue on Constraint Satisfaction for Planning and Scheduling Problems compiles a selection of papers dealing with various aspects of applying constraint satisfaction techniques in planning and scheduling. The core of submitted papers was formed by the extended versions of papers presented at COPLAS'2009: ICAPS 2009 Workshop on Constraint Satisfaction Techniques for Planning and Scheduling Problems. This issue presents novel advances on planning, scheduling, constraint programming/constraint satisfaction problems (CSPs) and many other common areas that exist among them. On the whole, this issue mainly focus on managing complex problems where planning, scheduling, constraint satisfaction and search must be combined and/or interrelated, which entails an enormous potential for practical applications and future research. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.

Jiang J.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Jiang J.,Jilin University | Yu J.,Jilin University | Corma A.,Polytechnic University of Valencia
Angewandte Chemie - International Edition | Year: 2010

The conditions required to produce zeolites with low framework density and extra-large pores are discussed. Correlations between framework stability and geometrical and topological descriptors are presented. An attempt has been made to rationalize the synthesis of extra-large-pore zeolites in terms of the synthesis mechanism, the directing effect of the organic structure directing agent (OSDA), the framework atoms, and the gel concentration. Extra-large-pore zeolites, including the recently discovered chiral mesoporous ITQ-37, are described and their catalytic and adsorption properties discussed. Finally, strategies are presented for the preparation of extra-large-pore zeolites with different pore topologies that can fulfill pre-established catalytic and adsorption targets. © 2010 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: MG-1.3-2014 | Award Amount: 4.68M | Year: 2015

DORA project is aiming at design and establishment of an integrated information system that helps passengers to optimise travel time from an origin of the travel to the airplane at the departing airport as well as from the arrival airport to the final destination. With it, the DORA integrated information system, which will be created within the project together with necessary software platforms and end user applications, is aiming at reduction of overall time needed for a typical European air travel including necessary time needed for transport to and from the airports. To ensure this, the DORA system will provide mobile, seamless, and time optimised route recommendations for the travels to the airport and time optimised routing within the airports, leading the passengers through terminals to the right security and departure gates. The DORA will integrate all necessary real time information on disruptions in the land transport environments and on incidents in the airport terminals to provide the fastest route alternatives, ensuring the accessibility of airport and airplane at any time in accordance with individual passengers requirements. The DORA system will be designed in a generic way, to ensure that it can be widely adopted independently on passengers and airports locations. In the project, the DORA system will be implemented and tested in realistic environments involving cities of Berlin and Palma di Mallorca as well corresponding airports in both cities with involvement of at least 500 real end users passengers in the trials. To support the passengers route optimisation, the DORA project will investigate and design technologies for recognition of waiting queues and indoor location services in airports, which will be integrated into the DORA system and tested within the project trials.

Polytechnic University of Valencia and University of Zaragoza | Date: 2010-01-13

An applicator device (1,1) for radiofrequency ablation of biological tissues; the device comprises an electrode whose outer surface is covered with an insulating cover (2, 2) in a proximal portion, and has a conductive distal portion (3,3) whose electrode includes internal refrigeration means (7,7); an infusion system with a distal end (13, 6) for infusing a fluid in said tissue; wherein said distal end (13, 6) of the infusion system has an electrically insulating outer cover and is located, in the infusion position for said fluid, at a distance between 2 and 5 millimetres from said outer surface of the internally cooled electrode. The invention also concerns a method for ablation by radiofrequency of biological tissues.

Consejo Superior De Investigaciones Cientificas, University of Valencia, Exploraciones Radiologicas Especiales S.A., General Equipment For Medical Imaging S.A. and Polytechnic University of Valencia | Date: 2010-01-07

The GAMMA/RF compact, hybrid and integrated system for PET-SPECT/MR simultaneous imaging of the invention comprises a GAMMA/RF device that integrates an RF coil, of the type used in conventional MR systems, with GAMMA radiation detector modules of the type used in PET or SPECT systems, so that combined PET or SPECT and MR images are obtained.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: BSG-SME-AG | Phase: SME-2 | Award Amount: 2.78M | Year: 2010

Most Modern automation installations are driven by Programmable Logic Controllers (PLCs). Nowadays, the low level programming languages that have been used for decades, such as Ladder Diagrams (LD), are still being used to develop the new software. Besides, there are hidden penalties: PLC software is brand dependent. The solution to this problem has been the adoption of new paradigms that allow for a fast and reliable software development. One of the most productive of such paradigms, which has been worldwide adopted, is the Object Oriented (OO) paradigm. The aim of the project is to develop a software tool which for developing PLC programs with the following features: Based on the Object Oriented approach, but using an industrial model for the design of the components that constitute a PLC programs. Extensible. The design of the objects includes built-in capabilities for performing not only their specific task, but also for exchanging data with external supervision programs (SCADAs), databases (SQL), etc. Graphical Interface. Integration of existing tools. Every object block can be internally programmed in one of the low level language supported by the IEC-61131-3 norm. Library maintenance tools for an easy storage and retrieval of developed objects. Brand independence. A brand-specific postprocessor generates the final code ready for downloading into the target PLC. Therefore the PLC-PROG software sets a new framework easing PLC programming. This new tool will provide an easy overall view of the PLC based automation process, providing a high level automation language easy to use and to understand, reducing drastically the time devote for PLC programming and to built up the subsequent ECBs. As the project solves a general Industrial need, the project has been conceived as a Collective, where industrial associations will offer the product service for PLC developments and formation.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2013.2.2 | Award Amount: 2.72M | Year: 2013

The aim of this project is the design, development, and deployment of a novel use-case agricultural robot under the scope of Unmanned Ground Vehicles (UGV), and equipped with several non-invasive sensing technologies to monitor: 1) of grape yield, 2) vegetative growth, 3) Water stress and 4) Grape composition in order to optimize the vineyard management and improve grape composition and wine quality.\n\nThe use of UGVs to monitor vineyard physiological parameters and grape composition has several advantages over simple hand-held devices for manual sampling and over UAV.\n\nUGVs may provide key information regarding vineyard physiology and water stress, grape composition, and pests and diseases incidence much faster than manual solutions and at higher resolution, in a more flexible way, and lower cost than aerial scouting carried out by drones or planes.\n\nThe scope covers the integral monitoring of vineyards, over the entire season, by placing a ground robot along the vineyards (endowed with artificial intelligence and machine learning techniques).\nThe final users will receive updated in mobile application (app).\n\nThe proposed use-case agricultural robots (where key proximal sensing technologies will be implemented) will allow revolutionary and conclusive decision making to optimize vineyard management and to drive agronomical fundamental decisions according to grape yield estimation, plant growth monitoring, water status, and berry composition assessment. UGV proposed will incorporate an integrated system that includes machine vision, thermography and fluorescence-based sensors. Canopy images and data acquisition processes will be executed in real time through customized algorithms to compose specific production maps.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: ICT-27-2015 | Award Amount: 3.84M | Year: 2015

Cloud storage and computing, big data analytics and social media are driving the need for higher bandwidth communications in data centres (DCs). Concurrently, disaggregation and virtualization trends in the DC are forcing the traffic to be between servers and storage elements in the east-west direction. These changes require massive switching capabilities from the discrete switch elements. However, the technology is rapidly reaching a limit. The result is a multi-layered DC topology with high power consumption and long latency. The L3MATRIX project provides novel technological innovations in the fields of silicon photonics (SiP) and 3D device integration. The project will develop a novel SiP matrix with a scale larger than any similar device with more than 100 modulators on a single chip and will integrate embedded laser sources with a logic chip thus breaking the limitations on the bandwidth-distance product. Use of embedded laser sources and integration with a full logic CMOS chip are innovative steps that will have a profound effect on the European market as these technologies will make a noticeable change in the power consumption, performance and cost of DCs. A novel approach will be used with embedded III-V sources on the SOI substrate which will eliminate the need to use an external light source for the modulators. L3MATRIX provides a new method of building switching elements that are both high radix and have an extended bandwidth of 25 Gb/s in single mode fibres and waveguides with low latency. The power consumption of DC networks built with these devices is 10-fold lower compared to the conventional technology. The outcome of this approach is that large networks, in the Pb/s scale can be built as a single stage, non-blocking network. The single mode nature of the SiP chip allows scaling the network to the 2000 m range required in modern DCs.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-IRSES | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2010-IRSES | Award Amount: 119.70K | Year: 2011

The organic fraction of urban wastes can represent a rich source of bio-organic substances (BOS) easily available from urban facilities performing aerobic or anaerobic biodegradation of biomass residues; they may provide a large variety of BOS fitting a wide range of uses. The aim of the project is to explore the valorization of these residues by their use in the detoxification of other aqueous wastes. In particular, three research lines are of our interest: 1- Determination of the photophysical and photochemical properties of BOS and main reactive species that are able to generate. 2- Use of BOS as solar photocatalysts, possible participation in the self cleaning of the effluents and other related strategies for waste minimization. 3- Use as templates for the synthesis of materials for environmental purposes, such as mesoporous titanium dioxide or nanoparticles of Ag, Si or Au. Four multidisciplinary groups from Argentina (Laboratorio de Especies Altamente Reactivas, from Universidad Nacional La Plata), with research lines focused on environmental chemistry and materials science, Brazil (Instituto de Qumica; Universidade de Sao Paulo) with research interests in laboratory and pilot waste treatment and development of industrial simulation procedures, Italy (University of Torino) with research interests in photochemistry, environmental and analytical chemistry as well as material science and Spain (Grupo Procesos de Oxidacin Avanzada, Universidad Politcnica de Valencia), that investigates in solar photocatalysis, photophysics and textile engineering, will collaborate to carry out this group. A training program focused on early researchers and a diffusion program for the obtained results will also be implemented. With this background a exchange program to benefit the synergies between the groups is planed, as explained in detail at section B.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: INCO.2011-6.1 | Award Amount: 559.56K | Year: 2012

The overall aim of the BELERA project is to integrate the Belarusian State University of Informatics and Radioelectronics (BSUIR) into ERA by reinforcing BSUIRs research cooperation capacities and twinning with European research and innovation organisations in the following CNT and photonics related research topics: Magnetic properties of CNT; Emission properties of CNT based cold cathodes; and Nanostructured materials for novel photonic devices. These are research topics highly relevant to the FP7 NMP and FP7 ICT. BSUIR is the leading academic institution in Belarus for research in micro- and nanoelectronics; new perspective materials; beam-technologies and technics; and radio engineering devices and systems. Its researchers have published numerous research papers in international, peer-reviewed journals during the past 5 years (e.g. Journal of Applied Physics). The BELERA project will build upon BSUIRs existing strengths as a high-quality research institution via twinning and capacity building activities with the following 4 excellent European research and innovation organisations: Institut dlectronique du Solide et des Systmes Strasbourg, Bergische Universitt Wuppertal, Universidad Politcnica de Valencia Nanophotonics Technology Centre, and Innoveo Consulting. The capacity building activities will involve knowledge exchange, setting up joint experiments, and training development for BSUIRs researchers focused on the 3 research topics and the FP7 programme. Also, it will involve mapping and promotion of nanoelectronics and nanophotonics organisations across Belarus, and strategy development to support BSUIR and foundation of the Belarusian Nanoelectronics and Nanophotonics Technology Platform. The BELERA project will be overseen by a steering committee involving the consortium partners plus representatives of the Ministry of Education, State Committee on Science and Technology, National Academy of Sciences, and State Microelectronics Companies Integral and Planar.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: NMP-07-2015 | Award Amount: 2.94M | Year: 2015

NANONTUN3D will take advantage of the possibilities of Additive Manufacturing (AM) together with the development of a specially tailored Ti- based nano-aditived material to achieve dramatic improvements in structural parts of aero, space, mobility, and equipment sectors, reaching expected savings between 40% and 50% of material in critical applications. inherent benefits of AM will be kept (decrease in throughput times, tool-less production, high buy-tofly-run ratios, etc.). By adding nano-particles (np) to metal matrixes, the whole life cycle of the NANOTUN3D material has been designed with AM processability in mind: safety and handling issues, processing in well-known AM technologies, postprocessing and eventual certification issues are dealt with, and innovative core-shell treatment of the nano-particles that suits the Ti matrix and produces Ti64-like powder ready to be AM processed. A whole Health, Safety and Environmental (HSE) management system will also be developed, as well as all the protocols to start qualification/certification of material and process.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: EE-04-2014 | Award Amount: 1.48M | Year: 2015

MENS is a project conceived in order to provide an enhance the NZEB skills of building managers such as engineers and architect through a series of accredited training activities developed by 9 universities and 3 market players. MENS aims: - To increase the knowledre and skills of at least 1800 building managers (engineers, architects) in NZEB design and construction, out of which 50% would be women or unemployed. - To create and implement a new education and training program for such professionals in 10 countries, under the European Qualifications Framework provisions and based on desired and common learning outcomes of Level 7. - To create and implement an innovative, interdisciplinary education and training program with an integrated approach, focusing on real case studies - To accredit courses using the formal procedure in each country and assign ECTS credits. - To enhance and support the development of a professional network in Europe specifically focused on retrofitting of housing stocks towards NZEB. A connection with over 250,000 stakeholders and market players. - To provide working opportunities to unemployed professionals, by bringing them closer to possible employers and improving their qualifications, at a percentage of 30% of those attending. - To continue the education and training courses for at least 5 years after the end of the project based on concrete sustainability plans agreed by University partners. - To result in energy savings and/or increased use of renewables of at least 28,96 GWh/year. MENS is developed through 3 sets of training activities: national accreditation professional courses; e- learning and webinars: and case studies experiences around Europe and it involves involves major universities and stakeholders either directly or as Associated Partners engaged with LOS. MENS finally benefits from a strong media promotional activity through a wide network of local TVs and RTBF.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: LCE-03-2014 | Award Amount: 9.03M | Year: 2015

The Drilling technology that is currently used for installation of vertical borehole heat exchangers requires capital-intensive equipment that is expensive to mobilize, leads to deteriorated working conditions and requires experienced teams of specialist operatives. Drilling operations also often require significant quantities of drinking quality water and dispose of dirty water and mud. GEOTCH will employ a different drilling concept that is based on dry auger methods that requires less capital-intensive equipment, enhances safety and avoids the environmental risks, complexity and costs of dealing with water supplies and contaminated waste. Another key concept of GEOTCH will be a better integration between heat exchange elements during installation by developing an innovative heat exchanger allowing to achieve high levels of thermal performance with low pressure loss. This device employs a co-axial configuration and spiral fluid flow pathways to achieve low thermal resistance compared to conventional U-tube devices. Furthermore, GEOTCH aims to implement cost-effective geothermal systems by alleviating the costs associated with drilling boreholes in large size buildings. The GEOTCHs approach seeks the maximum use of the foundation structures that are otherwise required, exclusively, for structural and geotechnical purposes in tertiary buildings. Foundation structures such as piles, screen walls and basement slabs will become effective geothermal heat exchangers in GEOTCH. GEOTCH will develop optimized hybrid solutions that will integrate the different geothermal systems in small and large buildings market. The optimization of geothermal system operation will be achieved with the Energy Management System and the development of a dual source heat pump capable of making optimal use of ground and/or air environmental heat sources. The GEOTCHs geothermal heating and cooling standard will be more attractive to design professionals and construction companies.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2013.6.4 | Award Amount: 2.62M | Year: 2013

Cities are expected to play a key role in the implementation of Europe 2020 strategy. The city authorities need to lead relevant actions towards energy-efficient neighborhoods. Engaging city authorities in this respect is of paramount importance.\nAlthough there are plenty of energy and other related data sets available in city level, their appropriate integration for local authorities decision support remains a challenge. Indeed, there are no approaches and respective systems using multidisciplinary data sources to analyze and integrate them in a smart way, towards cities energy optimization.\nThe overall vision of the project OPTIMising the energy USe in cities with smart decision support systems (OPTIMUS) is the design, development and implementation of a Decision Support System (DSS) addressed to city authorities, in order to assist them to optimize the energy use in their premises and reduce CO2 emissions.\nOPTIMUS will provide an integrated ICT platform that will collect and structure open data sets from five domains (namely: weather conditions, social mining, buildings energy profiles, energy prices, energy production). Moreover, OPTIMUS will use semantic/intelligent technologies so as to combine them and propose energy optimization plans. The resulting web-based DSS will be validated through pilot applications in three different cities: Savona (Italy), Sant Cugat del Valls (Spain) and Zaanstad (The Netherlands).\nOPTIMUS will have, by design, the necessary degree of generalization so as to be easily adapted to cities with different characteristics. This is related to another goal of the project, i.e. to produce an advanced and intelligent turn-key solution addressed to any city that has as purpose to implement and monitor sustainable energy action plans.

Garcia-Andrade J.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Ramirez V.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Flors V.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Flors V.,Jaume I University | Vera P.,Polytechnic University of Valencia
Plant Journal | Year: 2011

Summary In the present study, we evaluated the role of the defense-related gene OCP3 in callose deposition as a response to two necrotrophic fungal pathogens, Botrytis cinerea and Plectosphaerella cucumerina. ocp3 plants exhibited accelerated and intensified callose deposition in response to fungal infection associated with enhanced disease resistance to the two pathogens. A series of double mutant analyses showed potentiation of callose deposition and the heightened disease resistance phenotype in ocp3 plants required the plant hormone abscisic acid (ABA) and the PMR4 gene encoding a callose synthase. This finding was congruent with an observation that ocp3 plants exhibited increased ABA accumulation, and ABA was rapidly synthesized following fungal infection in wild-type plants. Furthermore, we determined that potentiation of callose deposition in ocp3 plants, including enhanced disease resistance, also required jasmonic acid (JA) recognition though a COI1 receptor, however JA was not required for basal callose deposition following fungal infection. In addition, potentiation of callose deposition in ocp3 plants appeared to follow a different mechanism than that proposed for callose β-amino-butyric acid (BABA)-induced resistance and priming, because ocp3 plants responded to BABA-induced priming for callose deposition and induced resistance of a magnitude similar to that observed in wild-type plants. Our results point to a model in which OCP3 represents a specific control point for callose deposition regulated by JA yet ultimately requiring ABA. These results provide new insights into the mechanism of callose deposition regulation in response to pathogen attack; however the complexities of the processes remain poorly understood. © 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Martin R.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Alvaro M.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Herance J.R.,Institute dAlta Tecnologia PRBB | Garcia H.,Polytechnic University of Valencia
ACS Nano | Year: 2010

When raw diamond nanoparticles (Dnp, 7 nm average particle size) obtained from detonation are submitted to harsh Fenton-treatment, the resulting material becomes free of amorphous soot matter and the process maintains the crystallinity, reduces the particle size (4 nm average particle size), increases the surface OH population, and increases water solubility. All these changes are beneficial for subsequent Dnp covalent functionalization and for the ability of Dnp to cross cell membranes. Fenton-treated Dnps have been functionalized with thionine and the resulting sample has been observed in HeLa cell nuclei. A triethylammonium-functionalized Dnp pairs electrostatically with a plasmid having the green fluorescent protein gene and acts as gene delivery system permitting the plasmid to cross HeLa cell membrane, something that does not occur for the plasmid alone without assistance of polycationic Dnp. © 2010 American Chemical Society.

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