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Ulsan, South Korea

The University of Ulsan was founded on February 19, 1969 as the Ulsan Institute of Technology. The University was promoted to a full-fledged University on March 1, 1985. The university is located in Mugeo-dong, Ulsan, South Korea. The University currently has approximately 10,500 students enrolled.The city of Ulsan has been recognized as the Korean city which was built around the corporate base of the multinational Hyundai conglomerate. Thus, the Hyundai Conglomerate announced its plan to give 40 billion won to assist a variety of university-industry cooperation projects.This corporate relationship has helped turn the University into one of South Korea's top rated institutions for graduate job placement, as well as increasing its reputation more broadly as one of the top private universities outside of Seoul. Wikipedia.

Although endoscopic treatment has become the first choice to treat biliary complications, percutaneous transhepatic treatment still has important roles to treat biliary stricture or leak after living donor liver transplantation. This study reviewed a total of 527 recipients who had undergone percutaneous transhepatic treatment to treat biliary stricture (n=498) and leaks (n=29). Percutaneous transhepatic treatment included percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage, perihepatic biloma drainage, balloon dilation of biliary stricture, and drainage catheter interposition or retrievable covered stent placement across a stricture or leak segment. Clinical success was achieved in 440 (88.4%) recipients with biliary stricture and 19 (65.5%) recipients with bile leaks. Percutaneous transhepatic treatment seems to be an effective alternative for treating biliary complications resistant to or inaccessible by endoscopic treatment. Source

The growing disparity between the number of liver transplant candidates and the supply of deceased donor organs has motivated the development of living donor liver transplantation (LDLT). Over the last two decades, the operation has been markedly improved by innovations rendering modern results comparable with those of deceased donor liver transplantation (DDLT). However, there remains room for further innovation, particularly in adult living donor liver transplantation (ALDLT). Unlike whole-size DDLT and pediatric LDLT, size-mismatching between ALDLT graft and recipient body weight and changing dynamics of posttransplant allograft regeneration have remained major challenges. A better understanding of the complex surgical anatomy and physiologic differences of ALDLT helps avoid small-for-size graft syndrome, graft congestion from outflow obstruction and graft hypoperfusion from portal flow steal. ALDLT for high-urgency patients (Model for End-Stage Liver Disease score >30) can achieve results comparable to DDLT in high volume centers. Size limitations of partial grafts and donor safety issues can be overcome with dual grafts and modified right-lobe grafts that preserve the donor's middle hepatic vein trunk. Extended application of LDLT for unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma above Milan criteria is an optional strategy at the cost of slightly compromised survival. ABO-blood group incompatibility obstacles have been broken down by introducing a paired donor exchange program and refined peri-operative management of ABO-incompatible ALDLT. This review focuses on recent innovations of surgical techniques, safe donor selection, current strategies to expand ALDLT with broadened patient selection criteria and important aspects of teamwork required for success. Expanding a successful adult living donor liver transplantation program requires a better understanding of the physiologic differences between living donor and deceased donor liver transplantation, technical innovation, broadened recipient acceptance criteria, and consistently safe donor selection criteria. Companion videos demonstrating the techniques described in this comprehensive review can be found in the AJT Video Library at amjtransplant.com. © Copyright 2014 The American Society of Transplantation and the American Society of Transplant Surgeons. Source

Yang S.-K.,University of Ulsan
Nature Genetics | Year: 2014

Thiopurine therapy, commonly used in autoimmune conditions, can be complicated by life-threatening leukopenia. This leukopenia is associated with genetic variation in TPMT (encoding thiopurine S-methyltransferase). Despite a lower frequency of TPMT mutations in Asians, the incidence of thiopurine-induced leukopenia is higher in Asians than in individuals of European descent. Here we performed an Immunochip-based 2-stage association study in 978 Korean subjects with Crohn's disease treated with thiopurines. We identified a nonsynonymous SNP in NUDT15 (encoding p.Arg139Cys) that was strongly associated with thiopurine-induced early leukopenia (odds ratio (OR) = 35.6; Pcombined = 4.88 × 10-94). In Koreans, this variant demonstrated sensitivity and specificity of 89.4% and 93.2%, respectively, for thiopurine-induced early leukopenia (in comparison to 12.1% and 97.6% for TPMT variants). Although rare, this SNP was also strongly associated with thiopurine-induced leukopenia in subjects with inflammatory bowel disease of European descent (OR = 9.50; P = 4.64 × 10-4). Thus, NUDT15 is a pharmacogenetic determinant for thiopurine-induced leukopenia in diverse populations. Source

OBJECTIVES:: To evaluate the safety, feasibility, and oncologic outcomes of laparoscopic pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy (L-PPPD) to treat periampullary tumors. The clinical outcomes of L-PPPD were compared with open pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy (O-PPPD).BACKGROUND:: Despite recent advances in laparoscopic pancreatic surgery, few studies have compared L-PPPD with O-PPPD. The safety, short-term clinical benefits, and oncologic outcomes of L-PPPD remain controversial.METHODS:: Between January 2007 and December 2012, a total of 2192 patients diagnosed with periampullary tumors were treated with curative resection at our institution. Of these patients, 137 underwent a laparoscopic approach and 2055 an open technique. A retrospective study was performed to evaluate the safety, feasibility, and oncologic outcomes of L-PPPD compared with O-PPPD.RESULTS:: The mean operation time for the L-PPPD group was longer than for the O-PPPD group (P < 0.001). Estimated blood loss was similar, as was the incidence of complications, such as pancreatic fistula and delayed gastric empting (P > 0.05). The mean number of analgesic injections administered was lower in the L-PPPD group than in the O-PPPD group (P < 0.001), and the mean duration of the postoperative hospital stays was shorter (P < 0.001). The surgical resection margins and the number of lymph nodes in the resected specimens did not differ between the 2 groups, and there was no significant difference in overall survival curves.CONCLUSIONS:: L-PPPD had the typical advantages of minimally invasive abdominal procedures, such as less pain, shorter hospital stay, and quicker recovery. It is technically safe and feasible, and has favorable oncologic outcomes in comparison with O-PPPD in patients with periampullary tumors. © 2015 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Source

Based on the fuzzy weighting-dependent Lyapunov function, this paper proposes a method to drive the relaxed stabilization condition for continuous-time Takagi-Sugeno (T-S) fuzzy control systems without resorting to elimination and bounding techniques. Here, to achieve an improved robust H performance while enhancing the interactions among the fuzzy subsystems, this paper proposes a valuable relaxation technique that is capable of incorporating the derivatives of fuzzy weighting functions to the relaxation process. Finally, three examples are given to verify the effectiveness of the proposed method. © 1993-2012 IEEE. Source

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