Turin, Italy

The Politecnico di Torino is an engineering public university based in Turin, Italy. Established in 1859, Politecnico di Torino is Italy’s oldest technical university. The university offers several courses in the fields of Engineering, Architecture and Industrial Design. Wikipedia.

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Polytechnic University of Turin, INSA Lyon, Doceram Medical Ceramics Gmbh, University of Lyon and French National Center for Scientific Research | Date: 2015-02-13

A process is described, for producing zirconia-based multi-phasic ceramic composite materials, comprising the steps of: providing at least one ceramic suspension by dispersing at least one ceramic zirconia powder in at least one aqueous medium to obtain at least one matrix for such composite material; providing at least one aqueous solution containing one or more inorganic precursors and adding such aqueous solution to such ceramic suspension to surface modify such ceramic zirconia powder and obtain at least one additived suspension; quickly drying such additived suspension to obtain at least one additived powder; heat treating such additived powder to obtain at least one zirconia powder coated on its surface by second phases; and forming such zirconia powder coated on its surface by second phases.

De Franco D.,Polytechnic University of Turin | Coviello N.,Polytechnic University of Turin
Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment | Year: 2017

High-speed railways have recently conquered market shares that were previously only covered by air transport, at daily distances up to 600–800 km, or by cars, for journeys of 100–150 km, mainly thanks to the much higher speeds that have been reached by high-speed trains since the late Nineties. However, in recent years, the relevance of the dependence of the transport sector on black-oil and the consequent emissions have drawn attention to the importance of energy efficiency as a significant parameter to compare alternative transport modes in a more complete way than travel time and covered distance. This paper has the purpose of: – quantifying and comparing the specific energy consumption of air transport with that of high-speed rail transport;– determining the ranges in which operating, sometimes also investing, in one of these two modes would be convenient from the usage viewpoint and from an energy perspective;– determining where there is still notable competition between these modes. The comparative analysis has been carried out taking into account original data and assessments linked to energy consumption, but it has also been considered important to investigate several other factors, such as the price of electricity compared to that of kerosene. It has been possible, through the use of rail simulation and of two different air transport simulation tools, to evaluate the consumption of the two transport modes in order to compare the two modal alternatives; rather original outcomes have been obtained. Owing to the presence of a number of variables that can play an important role in a comparative specific energy consumption study on air and high speed rail transport, further analyses are envisaged. However, the present work represents a first, fundamental step towards obtaining a more complete vision of the problem. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd

Bruno G.,Polytechnic University of Turin
International Journal of Human Capital and Information Technology Professionals | Year: 2017

This paper presents a dataflow-oriented modeling approach (called DMA) targeted at business processes that operate on the entities forming an information system. The approach promotes the integration between business processes and information systems in that process models result from the interconnection of tasks and dataflow nodes. The latter denote flows of business entities of the same type and state. The entity types along with their relationships and attributes are shown in a companion information model. DMA leverages the dataflow to represent human decisions, which may concern the selection of the input entities when a task needs more than one, and the selection of the task with which to handle the input entities when two or more tasks are admissible. An example related to an order handling process illustrates the representation of human choices. DMA process models build on the artifact-oriented approach in that they combine the life cycles of the business entities involved. The life cycles can be separated and this facilitates the comparison with reference models. A major contribution of the paper is the presentation of the extraction algorithm which provides the separated life cycles. © 2017 IGI Global.

Cavagnino A.,Polytechnic University of Turin | Gmyrek Z.,University of Lodz
ECCE 2016 - IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition, Proceedings | Year: 2016

The study investigates the influence of the lamination geometry on the building factor of stator magnetic cores, quantifying by experiments the influence of the punching and the annealing process. The research and the experimental activity are focused on small fractional power synchronous reluctance motors, where the punching process effect is expected to be very impacting, not only for the stator iron losses increase, but also because the current magnetizing component is dominant in the total adsorbed current. However, the obtained results are particularly interesting for any fractional and low power electric machines, whose cores are built with punched or laser-cut laminations. © 2016 IEEE.

Lu C.,Polytechnic University of Turin | Pellegrino G.,Polytechnic University of Turin
ECCE 2016 - IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition, Proceedings | Year: 2016

Surface-mounted permanent magnet motors with concentrated windings (CW-SPM) can have a wide constant power speed range if properly designed. This study introduces a design approach for CW-SPM machines for traction application, presenting the new parametric design plane x, b, where x accounts for the rotor on stator radius split and b summarizes the share between copper and iron in the stator. The proposed design method aims at covering the important area of design of PMSMs with flux weakening capability, with a simple methodology. Analytical and finite-element (FEA) models are used jointly. The design flowchart is illustrated and the output designs are validated by FEA. All presented results are obtained through open-source design resources available online. © 2016 IEEE.

Montanari G.,Polytechnic University of Turin
E3S Web of Conferences | Year: 2014

The talks and the debate of the conference have stressed first of all the quantitative, mathematical and "physical" aspects which highlight the contradiction between economic growth and unrestrained use of natural resources, in a finite system like the one of our planet. The purpose of present contribution is to draw the attention on an aspect remained on the margin of the other talks: the dimension of memory and tradition, i.e. of the cultural, social and psychological link of human beings with the places of their life, be they urban or rural. These places form the "landscape", as a synopsis of natural and cultural values. However the "right to landscape" as one of the fundamental rights of citizens, recognized by the Constitution and by the international legislation, still is a not well scrutinized concept, which rather implies a new cultural and political approach. © 2014 Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences.

Krings A.,ABB | Boglietti A.,Polytechnic University of Turin | Cavagnino A.,Polytechnic University of Turin | Sprague S.,Proto Laminations Inc.
IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics | Year: 2017

This paper gives an overview on the history and trends of magnetic materials used in electrical machines and motors. The presented materials include silicon-iron, nickel-iron, and cobalt-iron lamination steels, as well as amorphous and nanocrystalline magnetic materials and soft magnetic composites. Development trends and current usage of these selected materials are presented, giving an outlook on the new magnetic material research with regard to electrical machine applications. © 2016 IEEE.

De La Barriere O.,Ecole Normale Superieure de Cachan | Ragusa C.,Polytechnic University of Turin | Appino C.,INRIM - Istituto Nazionale di Ricerca Metrologica | Fiorillo F.,INRIM - Istituto Nazionale di Ricerca Metrologica
IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics | Year: 2017

The statistical theory of losses (STL) provides a simple and general method for the interpretation and prediction of the energy losses in soft magnetic materials. One basic application consists, for example, in the prediction of the loss under arbitrary induction waveform, starting from data available from conventional measurements performed under sinusoidal flux. There are, however, persisting difficulties in assessing the loss when the induction waveform is affected by a dc bias, because this would require additional experimental data, seldom available to machine designers. In this paper, we overcome this problem applying, with suitable simplifications, the dynamic Preisach model. Here, the parameters of the STL model are obtained exploiting preemptive conventional measurements only. By this new simplified method, analytical expressions for the loss components are obtained under general supply conditions, including dc-biased induction waveforms. © 2016 IEEE.

A fast calibration tool for the tuning of zero-dimensional combustion models has been developed and assessed on a 1.6 L Euro 6 GM diesel engine. The tool is capable of identifying the optimal set of model tuning parameters on the basis of a few combustion metrics related to heat release, as well as of peak firing pressure and indicated mean effective pressure. The method has been assessed and validated for a real-time zero dimensional combustion model previously developed by the authors. A detailed comparison has been made between the conventional and the newly proposed calibration procedures, at both steady-state and transient-state conditions. © 2016 The Authors.

Two different machine-learning techniques have been assessed and applied to define rule-based control strategies for a parallel hybrid midsize sport utility vehicle equipped with a diesel engine. Both methods include two phases: A clustering algorithm and a rule definition. In the first method, a homemade clustering algorithm is preliminarily run to generate the set of clusters, while the rules are identified by minimizing an objective function. In the second method, a genetic algorithm provides the optimal size of the clusters, while the associated rules are extracted from the results obtained with a benchmark optimizer. The controllers were tested over NEDC, 1015, AMDC and WLTP. © 2016 The Authors.

Violante M.G.,Polytechnic University of Turin | Vezzetti E.,Polytechnic University of Turin
European Journal of Engineering Education | Year: 2017

In the twenty-first century, meeting our technological challenges demands educational excellence, a skilled populace that is ready for the critical challenges society faces. There is widespread consensus, however, that education systems are failing to adequately prepare all students with the essential twenty-first century knowledge and skills necessary to succeed in life, career, and citizenship. The purpose of this paper is to understand how twenty-first century knowledge and skills can be appropriately embedded in engineering education finalised to innovative product development by using additive manufacturing (AM). The study designs a learning model by which to achieve effective AM education to address the requirements of twenty-first century and to offer students the occasion to experiment with STEM (Science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) concepts. The study is conducted using the quality function deployment (QFD) methodology. © 2017 SEFI

Franceschini F.,Polytechnic University of Turin | Maisano D.,Polytechnic University of Turin
Journal of Informetrics | Year: 2017

For nearly a decade, several national exercises have been implemented for assessing the Italian research performance, from the viewpoint of universities and other research institutions. The penultimate one – i.e., the VQR 2004–2010, which adopted a hybrid evaluation approach based on bibliometric analysis and peer review – suffered heavy criticism at a national and international level. The architecture of the subsequent exercise – i.e., the VQR 2011–2014, still in progress – is partly similar to that of the previous one, except for a few presumed improvements. Nevertheless, this other exercise is suffering heavy criticism too. This paper presents a structured discussion of the VQR 2011–2014, collecting and organizing some critical arguments so far emerged, and developing them in detail. Some of the major vulnerabilities of the VQR 2011–2014 are: (1) the fact that evaluations cover a relatively small fraction of the scientific publications produced by the researchers involved in the evaluation, (2) incorrect and anachronistic use of the journal metrics (i.e., ISI Impact Factor and similar ones) for assessing individual papers, and (3) conceptually misleading criteria for normalizing and aggregating the bibliometric indicators in use. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd

Dabove P.,Polytechnic University of Turin | Manzino A.M.,Polytechnic University of Turin
GPS Solutions | Year: 2017

One of the main challenges in global navigation satellite systems (GNSS) network real-time kinematic positioning is phase ambiguity estimation. We describe methods that predict false fixing (FF) of phase ambiguities in mass-market receivers. In this work, FF is defined to occur when the differences between 3D coordinates estimated in real-time differ by more than 20 cm with respect to the reference coordinates. Phase ambiguity FF events occur for many reasons, such as wrong estimation of phase ambiguities by the network software, noise in the corrections, and the environment of the rover. Moreover, one of the main reasons for phase ambiguity FF is the high level of noise and the low redundancy of observation by receivers that track L1 frequencies only. We develop and analyze a specific tool utilizing an artificial neural network that, when trained, tested, and refined specifically for GNSS mass-market receivers, can predict and detect FF. This tool comprises three inputs for all epochs, the Horizontal Dilution of Precision index, the latency of the differential correction, and the number of satellites with fixed phase ambiguities seen by the rover. It provides as output an index consisting of values 0 or 1, i.e., 0 for no FF and 1 for FF. A description of the training and validating phases is provided. The results of tests show that the algorithm has a 99.7% probability of detecting phase ambiguity FF in these cases. © 2017 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg

Valsesia D.,Polytechnic University of Turin | Magli E.,Polytechnic University of Turin
IEEE Signal Processing Letters | Year: 2017

We use some of the largest order statistics of the random projections of a reference signal to construct a binary embedding that is adapted to signals correlated with such signal. The embedding is characterized from the analytical standpoint and shown to provide improved performance on tasks such as classification in a reduced-dimensionality space. © 1994-2012 IEEE.

Fracastoro G.,Polytechnic University of Turin | Magli E.,Polytechnic University of Turin
IEEE Signal Processing Letters | Year: 2017

Directional transforms have recently raised a lot of interest thanks to their numerous applications in signal compression and analysis. In this letter, we introduce a generalization of the discrete Fourier transform (DFT), called steerable DFT (SDFT). Since the DFT is used in numerous fields, it may be of interest in a wide range of applications. Moreover, we also show that the SDFT is highly related to other well-known transforms, such as the Fourier sine and cosine transforms and the Hilbert transforms. © 1994-2012 IEEE.

Calafiore G.C.,Polytechnic University of Turin
IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control | Year: 2017

Repetitive Scenario Design (RSD) is a randomized approach to robust design based on iterating two phases: a standard scenario design phase that uses N scenarios (design samples), followed by randomized feasibility phase that uses N-{o} test samples on the scenario solution. We give a full and exact probabilistic characterization of the number of iterations required by the RSD approach for returning a solution, as a function of N, No, and of the desired levels of probabilistic robustness in the solution. This novel approach broadens the applicability of the scenario technology, since the user is now presented with a clear tradeoff between the number N of design samples and the ensuing expected number of repetitions required by the RSD algorithm. The plain (one-shot) scenario design becomes just one of the possibilities, sitting at one extreme of the tradeoff curve, in which one insists in finding a solution in a single repetition: this comes at the cost of possibly high N. Other possibilities along the tradeoff curve use lower N values, but possibly require more than one repetition. © 1963-2012 IEEE.

Mancini S.,Polytechnic University of Turin
Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies | Year: 2017

In this paper the Hybrid Vehicle Routing Problem (HVRP) is introduced and formalized. This problem is an extension of the classical VRP in which vehicles can work both electrically and with traditional fuel. The vehicle may change propulsion mode at any point of time. The unitary travel cost is much lower for distances covered in the electric mode. An electric battery has a limited capacity and may be recharged at a recharging station (RS). A limited number of RS are available. Once a battery has been completely discharged, the vehicle automatically shifts to traditional fuel propulsion mode. Furthermore, a maximum route duration is imposed according to contracts regulations established with the driver. In this paper, a Mixed Integer Linear Programming formulation is presented and a Large Neighborhood Search based Matheuristic is proposed. The algorithm starts from a feasible solution and consists into destroying, at each iteration, a small number of routes, letting unvaried the other ones, and reconstructing a new feasible solution running the model on only the subset of customers involved in the destroyed routes. This procedure allows to completely explore a large neighborhood within very short computational time. Computational tests that show the performance of the matheuristic are presented. The method has also been tested on a simplified version of the HVRP already presented in the literature, the Green Vehicle Routing Problem (GVRP), and competitive results have been obtained. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd

Squillero G.,Polytechnic University of Turin | Tonda A.,French National Institute for Agricultural Research
Genetic Programming and Evolvable Machines | Year: 2017

Inspiring metaphors play an important role in the beginning of an investigation, but are less important in a mature research field as the real phenomena involved are understood. Nowadays, in evolutionary computation, biological analogies should be taken into consideration only if they deliver significant advantages. © 2017 Springer Science+Business Media New York

Dolcini F.,Polytechnic University of Turin | Dolcini F.,CNR Institute of Neuroscience
Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics | Year: 2017

The effects of Rashba interaction and electromagnetic field on the edge states of a two-dimensional topological insulator are investigated in a nonperturbative way. We show that the electron dynamics is equivalent to a problem of massless Dirac fermions propagating with an inhomogeneous velocity, enhanced by the Rashba profile with respect to the bare Fermi value vF. Despite the inelastic and time-reversal breaking processes induced by the electromagnetic field, no backscattering occurs without interaction. The photoexcited electron densities are explicitly obtained in terms of the electric field and the Rashba interaction, and are shown to fulfill generalized chiral anomaly equations. The case of a Gaussian electromagnetic pulse is analyzed in detail. When the photoexcitation occurs far from the Rashba region, the latter effectively acts as a "superluminal gate" boosting the photoexcited wave packet outside the light-cone determined by vF. In contrast, for an electric pulse overlapping the Rashba region, the emerging wave packets are squeezed in a manner that depends on the overlap area. The electron-electron interaction effects are also discussed, for both intraspin and interspin density-density coupling. The results suggest that Rashba interaction, often considered as an unwanted disorder effect, may be exploited to tailor the shape and the propagation time of photoexcited spin-polarized wave packets. © 2017 American Physical Society.

Coppa G.,Polytechnic University of Turin
Annals of Nuclear Energy | Year: 2017

The AN and SPN methods to solve the linear transport equation are rigorously valid for a finite, homogeneous medium or for heterogeneous, one-dimensional problems. In the present work, two distinct cases are considered, each of them close to one of these situations, and it is shown that the correct equations that take into account for the heterogeneity and the multidimensionality can be obtained by adding suitable extra terms to the model. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd

Buso T.,Polytechnic University of Turin | Corgnati S.P.,Polytechnic University of Turin
Applied Energy | Year: 2017

In the forthcoming European low-carbon energy system, the building stock plays a major role in the demand sector. Therefore, in order to develop robust scenario analysis towards the success of the low-carbon goals, a trustful characterization of the building stock is required. Reference Buildings are often the base of these building stock models, but, at present, an uneven level of development between residential and non-residential Reference Buildings is detected. The present paper contributes to fill this knowledge gap by proposing a method to model Reference multi-functional Buildings. Multi-functional buildings represent an important share of the non-residential buildings stock, by embracing all buildings hosting different activities under the same roof. In order to trustfully depict their energy performances, the EU definition of Reference Buildings have to be updated. To this purpose, this study proposes a rationale to describe and model these buildings, based on the distinction between their typical and extra energy uses. In order to test the proposed methodology, it was applied to the definition a Reference Hotel in Italy, with the additional aim to provide support material to the national energy and tourism policies. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd

Kazas G.,Polytechnic University of Turin | Fabrizio E.,Polytechnic University of Turin | Perino M.,Polytechnic University of Turin
Applied Energy | Year: 2017

The energy demand in urban areas has increased dramatically over the last few decades because of the intensive urbanization that has taken place. Because of this, the European Union has introduced directives pertaining to the energy performance of buildings and has identified demand side management as a significant tool for the optimization of the energy demand. Demand side management, together with thermal energy storage and renewable energy technologies, have mainly been studied so far at a building scale. In order to study and define potential demand side management strategies at an urban scale, an integrated urban scale assessment needs to be conducted. DiDeProM, a model that can be used to generate detailed thermal energy demand profiles, at an urban district scale, has been developed in the current study. It is a bottom-up engineering model, based on samples of the representative building technique. A parametric analysis of the important variables of building energy performance at an urban scale has then been carried out. This has generated a database of normalized thermal energy demand profiles with an hourly time resolution. The final step of the process includes the generation of a detailed overall thermal energy demand profile at an urban district scale. DiDeProM was applied to a block of buildings in Turin (Italy) as a case study. After the calibration of the simulation model on real monitored data, a parametric analysis on 300 scenarios for a reference building was conducted, generating a database of seasonal thermal heating energy demand profiles with hourly time steps. An average hourly heating profile was generated from this database according to a specific aggregation approach. The DiDeProM application indicated that the model works properly at the scale of a typical small block of buildings, and it is able to generate a total thermal energy demand profile, with detailed time resolution, at an urban district scale. These profiles will be used to create demand side management strategies that will integrate thermal energy storage and renewable energy technologies at a district scale. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd

Chicco G.,Polytechnic University of Turin
Proceedings of the 2016 International Conference and Exposition on Electrical and Power Engineering, EPE 2016 | Year: 2016

The present evolution of the electrical sector is paying increasing attention to the customer needs. This paper deals with a number of aspects addressed in the present discussions on the characteristics of individual and aggregate consumers, referring to the shape and flexibility of the demand. Specific points addressed include the role of metering, how to obtain knowledge from load pattern disaggregation and clustering, customer-related effects of microgrids development, and active users' participation in demand response initiatives. © 2016 IEEE.

Priarone P.C.,Polytechnic University of Turin | Ingarao G.,University of Palermo
Journal of Cleaner Production | Year: 2017

Additive Manufacturing (AM) processes can be counted among the disruptive technologies that are capable of transforming conventional manufacturing routes. The ability to create complex geometries, the reduction in material scraps during manufacturing, and the light-weighting due to the think-additive redesign of the components represent the main points of strength of AM. However, for some applications (such as the production of metal components for the automotive and aerospace industries), the surface finishing and dimensional/geometrical part tolerancing that can be achieved via AM processes might not be adequate to satisfy the imposed product specifications, and finish machining operations are often required. A machining approach and an integrated production route, based on an additive manufacturing process plus finish machining, have been compared in this paper. The primary energy demand and the CO2 emissions have been modelled for all the life cycle stages within a sustainable development context. The main result of the research work is a criterion for the selection of the most environmentally friendly manufacturing approach, while varying the productive scenario (i.e., the masses of the process scraps, the machined chips, and the support structures). The application of such a tool to the production of metal components made of either Ti-6Al-4V or stainless steel is discussed. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd

Socco L.V.,Polytechnic University of Turin | Comina C.,University of Turin
Geophysics | Year: 2017

Surface waves (SWs) in seismic records can be used to extract local dispersion curves (DCs) along a seismic line. These curves can be used to estimate near-surface S-wave velocity models. If the velocity models are used to compute S-wave static corrections, the required information consists of S-wave time-average velocities that define the one-way time for a given datum plan depth. However, given the wider use of P-wave reflection seismic with respect to S-wave surveys, the estimate of P-wave time-average velocity would be more useful. We therefore focus on the possibility of also extracting time-average P-wave velocity models from SW dispersion data.We start from a known 1D S-wave velocity model along the line, with its relevant DC, and we estimate a wavelength/depth relationship for SWs.We found that this relationship is sensitive to Poisson's ratio, and we develop a simple method for estimating an "apparent" Poisson's ratio profile, defined as the Poisson's ratio value that relates the time-average S-wave velocity to the time-average P-wave velocity. Hence, we transform the timeaverage S-wave velocity models estimated from the DCs into the time-average P-wave velocity models along the seismic line. We tested the method on synthetic and field data and found that it is possible to retrieve time-average P-wave velocity models with uncertainties mostly less than 10% in laterally varying sites and one-way traveltime for P-waves with less than 5 ms uncertainty with respect to P-wave tomography data. To our knowledge, this is the first method for reliable estimation of P-wave velocity from SW data without any a priori information or additional data. © 2017 Society of Exploration Geophysicists. All rights reserved.

Ferrari A.,Polytechnic University of Turin | Pizzo P.,Polytechnic University of Turin
International Journal of Engine Research | Year: 2017

A fully predictive model of a Common Rail fuel injection apparatus, which includes a detailed simulation of rail, pump, piping system, injectors and rail pressure control system, is presented and discussed. The high-pressure pump and injector sub-models have been validated separately and then coupled to the rail and pressure control system sub-models. The complete predictive model has been validated and applied to investigate the effects of the dynamics of each component of the injection apparatus on the rail pressure time history. Variable timing of the high-pressure pump delivery phases has also been considered, and the influence of this parameter on the injection performance has been analysed for both single- and multiple-injection events. Furthermore, the injection system dynamics during the transients between steady-state working conditions has been investigated in order to highlight the role played by the dynamic response of the pressure control system on the rail pressure time history. © Institution of Mechanical Engineers.

Ferrari A.,Polytechnic University of Turin | Salvo E.,Polytechnic University of Turin
International Journal of Engine Research | Year: 2017

Theoretical and experimental methodologies have been proposed and illustrated to determine the transfer function between the injected flow-rate and the rail pressure for common rail injection systems. An analytical transfer function has been calculated in the frequency domain, utilizing a previously developed lumped parameter model of the overall hydraulic layout of a common rail system. The predicted transfer function has been compared, in a Bode diagram, with an experimental estimation of the transfer function, based on the measured rail pressure and injected flow-rate time histories that were acquired at the hydraulic rig for different working conditions. The experimental estimation of the transfer function has been worked out by applying a selective spectral technique in order to reduce the effects of measurement noise on the rail pressure and injected flow-rate time histories. The accuracy of the model-derived transfer function has been improved significantly by integrating a pressure control system sub-model, which includes the action of the electronic control unit on the rail pressure time history through the pressure regulator, in the hydraulic model of the common rail circuit. Finally, the time histories of the rail pressure, predicted by means of the complete injection apparatus model, have been compared with the corresponding experimental traces at different working conditions and a very satisfactory agreement has in general been found. The methodologies proposed for the accurate evaluation of the transfer function between the injected flow-rate and the rail pressure time histories can be applied to diesel engines in order to implement innovative closed-loop strategies for the injected mass control. © Institution of Mechanical Engineers.

Foti S.,Polytechnic University of Turin
Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Geotechnical and Geophysical Site Characterisation, ISC 2016 | Year: 2016

A large number of papers has been presented in the session devoted to geophysical methods, confirming their consolidated role in site characterization. Different applications and a wide variety of techniques are covered in the contributions with several case histories and some developments on new tools. Crucial issues are also discussed in the present report. For one the reliability, which can be improved with advanced interpretation strategies based on joint inversion of multiple geophysical datasets. The role of guidelines for the execution and interpretation in improving the standard of practice is finally commented. © 2016 Australian Geomechanics Society.

Pagani A.,Polytechnic University of Turin | Carrera E.,Polytechnic University of Turin
Composite Structures | Year: 2017

The Carrera Unified Formulation (CUF) was recently extended to deal with the geometric nonlinear analysis of solid cross-section and thin-walled metallic beams (Pagani and Carrera, 2017). The promising results provided enough confidence for exploring the capabilities of that methodology when dealing with large displacements and post-buckling response of composite laminated beams, which is the subject of the present work. Accordingly, by employing CUF, governing nonlinear equations of low- to higher-order beam theories for laminated beams are expressed in this paper as degenerated cases of the three-dimensional elasticity equilibrium via an appropriate index notation. In detail, although the provided equations are valid for any one-dimensional structural theory in a unified sense, layer-wise kinematics are employed in this paper through the use of Lagrange polynomial expansions of the primary mechanical variables. The principle of virtual work and a finite element approximation are used to formulate the governing equations in a total Lagrangian manner, whereas a Newton–Raphson linearization scheme along with a path-following method based on the arc-length constraint is employed to solve the geometrically nonlinear problem. Several numerical assessments are proposed, including post-buckling of symmetric cross-ply beams and large displacement analysis of asymmetric laminates under flexural and compression loadings. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd

Borazjani S.,Polytechnic University of Turin | Belingardi G.,Polytechnic University of Turin
Composite Structures | Year: 2017

Obligatory standards are dictated to vehicle manufacturers for decreasing the high number of road dead tolls in rollover crashes; at the same time demands to produce light-weight vehicles have increased substantially to reduce the toxic gases emission. This paper presents a new design of the roof strengthening configuration in which sandwich material has been used. This type of configuration improves the energy-absorption capacity of the vehicle roof system and dissipates impact energy in a controlled manner. In reality, carrying out roof crush test is not cost effective, thus numerical analysis of vehicle roof crush test has been performed according to standard FMVSS 216 test. Sandwich structures with unidirectional carbon/epoxy composite face-sheets and Expanded Polypropylene (EPP) foam core have been used to model different configurations for vehicle roof structure. The effects of increasing the foam core density and face-sheets thickness on the energy absorption and strength-to-weight ratio (SWR) of vehicle roof structure have been investigated. Results revealed that, the optimized sandwich solution type 6 with the face-sheets thickness of 0.8 mm and foam core of 70 kg/m3 density reduces the vehicle roof panel mass by 68% while it has almost the same structural performance with the steel solution having equal value of SWR. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd

Foti S.,Polytechnic University of Turin | Passeri F.,Polytechnic University of Turin
Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Geotechnical and Geophysical Site Characterisation, ISC 2016 | Year: 2016

Soil porosity is a state parameter of fundamental importance for several geotechnical problems. Geophysical testing provides appealing strategies for the determination of soil porosity, as several geophysical parameters are directly related to soil porosity. In particular the theory of wave propagation in saturated porous media, developed by Biot in the 1950s, allows the determination of soil porosity from the measured velocity of propagation of compressional and shear waves. A formal assessment of the reliability of the estimated porosity values is of primary importance to evaluate the applicability this approach to solve practical geotechnical problems. In this paper propagation of measurement uncertainties on the estimated values of soil porosity is theoretically evaluated. Moreover, experimental data of multiple acquisitions of cross-hole tests are considered. Data collected by different operators are also used to assess the confidence interval associated to different equipment, acquisition practices and testing methodology. © 2016 Australian Geomechanics Society.

Bigdeli M.B.,University of Alberta | Fasano M.,Polytechnic University of Turin
International Journal of Thermal Sciences | Year: 2017

Graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) can be added as fillers in polymer matrix composites for enhancing their thermo-mechanical properties. In the present study, we focus on the effect of chemical and geometrical characteristics of GNRs on the thermal conduction properties of composite materials. Configurations consisting of single and triple GNRs are here considered as representative building blocks of larger filler networks. In particular, GNRs with different length, relative orientation and number of cross-linkers are investigated. Based on results obtained by Reverse Non-equilibrium Molecular Dynamics simulations, we report correlations relating thermal conductivity and thermal boundary resistance of GNRs with their geometrical and chemical characteristics. These effects in turn affect the overall thermal transmittance of graphene based networks. In the broader context of effective medium theory, such results could be beneficial to predict the thermal transport properties of devices made of polymer matrix composites, which currently find application in energy, automotive, aerospace, electronics, sporting goods, and infrastructure industries. © 2017 Elsevier Masson SAS

Paciello G.,Polytechnic University of Turin | Ficarra E.,Polytechnic University of Turin
BMC Bioinformatics | Year: 2017

Background: Latest Next Generation Sequencing technologies opened the way to a novel era of genomic studies, allowing to gain novel insights into multifactorial pathologies as cancer. In particular gene fusion detection and comprehension have been deeply enhanced by these methods. However, state of the art algorithms for gene fusion identification are still challenging. Indeed, they identify huge amounts of poorly overlapping candidates and all the reported fusions should be considered for in lab validation clearly overwhelming wet lab capabilities. Results: In this work we propose a novel methodological approach and tool named FuGePrior for the prioritization of gene fusions from paired-end RNA-Seq data. The proposed pipeline combines state of the art tools for chimeric transcript discovery and prioritization, a series of filtering and processing steps designed by considering modern literature on gene fusions and an analysis on functional reliability of gene fusion structure. Conclusions:FuGePrior performance has been assessed on two publicly available paired-end RNA-Seq datasets: The first by Edgren and colleagues includes four breast cancer cell lines and a normal breast sample, whereas the second by Ren and colleagues comprises fourteen primary prostate cancer samples and their paired normal counterparts. FuGePrior results accounted for a reduction in the number of fusions output of chimeric transcript discovery tools that ranges from 65 to 75% depending on the considered breast cancer cell line and from 37 to 65% according to the prostate cancer sample under examination. Furthermore, since both datasets come with a partial validation we were able to assess the performance of FuGePrior in correctly prioritizing real gene fusions. Specifically, 25 out of 26 validated fusions in breast cancer dataset have been correctly labelled as reliable and biologically significant. Similarly, 2 out of 5 validated fusions in prostate dataset have been recognized as priority by FuGePrior tool. © 2017 The Author(s).

Poggiolini P.,Polytechnic University of Turin | Jiang Y.,Dalian University
Journal of Lightwave Technology | Year: 2017

The last few years have seen a wealth of new nonlinear propagation modeling results appear in the literature, especially regarding coherent systems operating in the absence of optical dispersion compensation. One of the most prolific lines of research, though not the only one, has been that of improvements and upgrades to the Gaussian-noise (GN) model, which have also led to the so-called enhanced GN model, or EGN model. In addition, many specific aspects of nonlinear propagation, including format and symbol-rate dependence of nonlinearity generation, long-correlated nonlinear phase and polarization noise, the effect of copropagating amplified spontaneous emission noise and distributed amplification, and still others, have been focused on and several new related results have been published. This has been a very positive trend but, from the viewpoint of the end users, such as system and network designers, this large body of new knowledge may have been found difficult to sort out. The question of when and whether more sophisticated models are truly needed in any given system/network scenario, for a given set of accuracy and computational complexity constraints, then naturally arises. This paper tries to address this practical issue and provide indications regarding possible effective solution to varied end-users' requirements. © 2016 IEEE.

Bojoi R.I.,Polytechnic University of Turin | Limongi L.R.,Federal University of Pernambuco | Roiu D.,Fiat Research Center Orbasano | Tenconi A.,Polytechnic University of Turin
IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics | Year: 2011

Power electronic converters are commonly used for interfacing distributed generation (DG) systems to the electrical power network. This paper deals with a single-phase inverter for DG systems requiring power quality features, such as harmonic and reactive power compensation for grid-connected operation. The idea is to integrate the DG unit functions with shunt active power filter capabilities. With this approach, the inverter controls the active power flow from the renewable energy source to the grid and also performs the nonlinear load current harmonic compensation by keeping the grid current almost sinusoidal. The control scheme employs a current reference generator based on sinusoidal signal integrator and instantaneous reactive power (IRP) theory together with a dedicated repetitive current controller. Experimental results obtained on a 4-kVA inverter prototype demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed solution. © 2010 IEEE.

Cornetti P.,Polytechnic University of Turin | Mantic V.,University of Seville | Carpinteri A.,Polytechnic University of Turin
International Journal of Solids and Structures | Year: 2012

In the present paper we provide a method to determine the load causing delamination along an interface in a composite structure. The method is based on the elastic interface model, according to which the interface is equivalent to a bed of linear elastic springs, and on Finite Fracture Mechanics, a crack propagation criterion recently proposed for homogeneous structures. The procedure outlined is general. Details are given for the pull-push shear test. For such geometry, the failure load is obtained and compared with the estimates provided by stress concentration analysis and Linear Elastic Fracture Mechanics. It is seen that Finite Fracture Mechanics provides intermediate values. Furthermore, it is shown that the predictions provided by Finite Fracture Mechanics are almost coincident with the ones provided by the Cohesive Crack Model. As far as we are concerned with the determination of the failure load, the advantage of using Finite Fracture Mechanics with respect to the Cohesive Crack Model is evident, since a troublesome analysis of the softening taking place in the fracture process zone is not necessary. A final comparison with classical fracture criteria based on critical distances, such as the average stress criterion, concludes the paper. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Gulotty R.,University of California at Riverside | Castellino M.,Polytechnic University of Turin | Jagdale P.,Polytechnic University of Turin | Tagliaferro A.,Polytechnic University of Turin | Balandin A.A.,University of California at Riverside
ACS Nano | Year: 2013

Carboxylic functionalization (-COOH groups) of carbon nanotubes is known to improve their dispersion properties and increase the electrical conductivity of carbon-nanotube-polymer nanocomposites. We have studied experimentally the effects of this type of functionalization on the thermal conductivity of the nanocomposites. It was found that while even small quantities of carbon nanotubes (∼1 wt %) can increase the electrical conductivity, a larger loading fraction (∼3 wt %) is required to enhance the thermal conductivity of nanocomposites. Functionalized multi-wall carbon nanotubes performed the best as filler material leading to a simultaneous improvement of the electrical and thermal properties of the composites. Functionalization of the single-wall carbon nanotubes reduced the thermal conductivity enhancement. The observed trends were explained by the fact that while surface functionalization increases the coupling between carbon nanotube and polymer matrix, it also leads to formation of defects, which impede the acoustic phonon transport in the single-wall carbon nanotubes. The obtained results are important for applications of carbon nanotubes and graphene flakes as fillers for improving thermal, electrical and mechanical properties of composites. © 2013 American Chemical Society.

Grosso M.,Polytechnic University of Turin | Guzman-Miranda H.,University of Seville | Aguirre M.A.,University of Seville
IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics | Year: 2013

Nowadays, integrated circuit technologies are increasingly being more susceptible to ionizing radiation effects. In order to assess the reliability of a digital system performing a specific application and to identify the most critical failure effects, radiation experiments and fault injection campaigns are usually performed, which may be costly and time-expensive. This paper proposes a fully automated, practical methodology for accelerating Single-Event-Upset (SEU) fault injection campaigns in digital circuits. The main underlying principle is based on the correlation between the effects of the SEU fault model with the Stuck-At (SA) one. Circuital and functional analysis and experimental case studies confirm the effectiveness of the proposed solutions. © 2005-2012 IEEE.

Wicklein B.,University of Stockholm | Kocjan A.,Jozef Stefan Institute | Salazar-Alvarez G.,University of Stockholm | Salazar-Alvarez G.,KTH Royal Institute of Technology | And 4 more authors.
Nature Nanotechnology | Year: 2015

High-performance thermally insulating materials from renewable resources are needed to improve the energy efficiency of buildings. Traditional fossil-fuel-derived insulation materials such as expanded polystyrene and polyurethane have thermal conductivities that are too high for retrofitting or for building new, surface-efficient passive houses. Tailored materials such as aerogels and vacuum insulating panels are fragile and susceptible to perforation. Here, we show that freeze-casting suspensions of cellulose nanofibres, graphene oxide and sepiolite nanorods produces super-insulating, fire-retardant and strong anisotropic foams that perform better than traditional polymer-based insulating materials. The foams are ultralight, show excellent combustion resistance and exhibit a thermal conductivity of 15 mW m-1 K-1, which is about half that of expanded polystyrene. At 30°C and 85% relative humidity, the foams retained more than half of their initial strength. Our results show that nanoscale engineering is a promising strategy for producing foams with excellent properties using cellulose and other renewable nanosized fibrous materials. © 2015 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.1.5 | Award Amount: 3.26M | Year: 2008

In the forthcoming age, where everyone may be content producer, mediator and consumer, SEA aims to offer a new experience of personalised, seamless content delivery, maintaining the integrity and wherever applicable, enriching the perceived QoS (PQoS) of the media across the whole distribution chain. SEA is a project focused on seamless, personalised, trusted and PQoS-optimised multimedia content delivery, across broadband networks, varying from broadcasting to P2P topologies. \nSEA motivation is to implement a context-aware networking delivery platform, by focusing on four key principles:\n- Multi-layered/-viewed content coding, considering the evolving H.264 SVC/MVC and their emerging successors, as the major foreseen delivery technologies over heterogeneous networks/terminals and large audiences. \n- Multi-source/-network content streaming offering on-the fly content adaptation, increased scalability and enriched PQoS by dynamically combining content layers or representations of the same resource, transmitted from multiple sources and/or received over multiple networks. \n- Cross-network/-layer optimisation. The network/terminal heterogeneity, also engaging P2P overlays and serving different quality and views will require cross-layer optimization, traffic adaptation and optimal use of the available network/terminal resources.\n- Content Protection. A hybrid solution for personalised content protection by means of a combination of streaming encryption, content protection and rights management for new media, covering not only the legacy content creation chain, but also the private multimedia content. \nSEA will test/validate the developed technologies over three interconnected tedbeds: a) a real-time emulated lab, b) a world-wide extended P2P testbed (PlanetLab) and c) a real 2G\/3G/4G/WLAN mobile trial. \nSEA will eventually provide citizens with the means to offer personalized A/V user-centric services, improving their quality of life, entertainment and safety.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: NMP.2010.1.2-4 | Award Amount: 5.34M | Year: 2010

The aim of the present project is to explore the properties and possible applications of bismuth and bismuth based compounds when they are synthesized at the nanometric scale. This approach is motivated by the uncommon but advantageous properties of bismuth which, in part, have been exploited for many years. However, there are many unexplored possibilities and with the advent of nanotechnology new prospectives may be expected. We believe this approach will lead to new and high-tech applications of bismuth based materials, adding new value to one of the major mining products of Mexico (second most important world production) and boost the related economic benefits which at present are low. In the project, we have integrated complementary research groups from Mexico and Europe covering interdisciplinary fields. In the thematic work-packages, research groups working on the synthesis of the nanostructured materials will collaborate with others doing the physical-chemical materials characterization and the application development. The materials include Bi, Bi2O3 and Bi2S3 nanostructures, Bismuth metal oxide nanostructured ceramics and thin films, bismuth-based nanocomposites where Bi constitutes the nanoscale inclusion and the matrices varied from ceramics, polymers or glasses, and finally Bi superconductors. Extensive chemical and structural characterization will be required to correlate the synthesis parameters with the physical properties. Finally, the project includes the physical evaluation focused on the optical, electrical, magnetic, ferroelectric, etc. properties, according to the proposed applications. The time scale of the project is sufficient for the preparation of masters degree students and the initial years of doctorate students. These students will work in a very academic-rich environment and at the same time have contact with the industrial partners in the project, some of which are leaders in the development of Bi-based commercial products.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CPCSA | Phase: ICT-2013.9.9 | Award Amount: 74.61M | Year: 2013

This Flagship aims to take graphene and related layered materials from a state of raw potential to a point where they can revolutionize multiple industries from flexible, wearable and transparent electronics, to new energy applications and novel functional composites.\nOur main scientific and technological objectives in the different tiers of the value chain are to develop material technologies for ICT and beyond, identify new device concepts enabled by graphene and other layered materials, and integrate them to systems that provide new functionalities and open new application areas.\nThese objectives are supported by operative targets to bring together a large core consortium of European academic and industrial partners and to create a highly effective technology transfer highway, allowing industry to rapidly absorb and exploit new discoveries.\nThe Flagship will be aligned with European and national priorities to guarantee its successful long term operation and maximal impact on the national industrial and research communities.\nTogether, the scientific and technological objectives and operative targets will allow us to reach our societal goals: the Flagship will contribute to sustainable development by introducing new energy efficient and environmentally friendly products based on carbon and other abundant, safe and recyclable natural resources, and boost economic growth in Europe by creating new jobs and investment opportunities.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.3.2 | Award Amount: 13.04M | Year: 2011

Smart systems consist of heterogeneous subsystems and components providing different functionalities; they are normally implemented as Multi-Package on a Board. To fully exploit the potential of current nanoelectronics technologies, as well as to enable the integration of existing/new IPs and More than Moore devices, smart system miniaturization and Multi-Chip in a Package implementation are unavoidable. Such goals are only achievable if a flexible software platform (i.e., the SMAC platform) for smart subsystems/components design and integration is made available to designers and system integrators.\nThe platform must include methodologies and EDA tools enabling multi-disciplinary and multi-scale modeling and design, simulation of multi-domain systems, subsystems and components at all levels of abstraction, system integration and exploration for optimization of specific metrics, such as power, performance, reliability and robustness.\nKey ingredients for the construction of the SMAC platform include: (1) The development of a cosimulation and co-design environment which is aware (and thus considers) the essential features of the basic subsystems and components to be integrated. (2) The development of modeling and design techniques, methods and tools that, when added to the platform, will enable multi-domain simulation and optimization at various levels of abstraction and across different technological domains.\nThe SMAC platform will allow to successfully address the following grand challenges related to the design and manufacturing of miniaturized smart systems: (1) Development of innovative smart subsystems and components demonstrating advanced performance, ultra low power and the capability of operating under special conditions (e.g., high reliability, long lifetime). (2) Design of miniaturized and integrated smart systems with advanced functionality and performance, including nanoscale sensing systems, possibly operating autonomously and in a networked fashion

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: LCE-09-2015 | Award Amount: 27.97M | Year: 2016

This proposal is an application to the EU programme Horizon 2020 and its topic Large scale energy storage (LCE-09-2015). The presented project STORE&GO will demonstrate three innovative Power to Gas storage concepts at locations in Germany, Switzerland and Italy in order to overcome technical, economic, social and legal barriers. The demonstration will pave the way for an integration of PtG storage into flexible energy supply and distribution systems with a high share of renewable energy. Using methanation processes as bridging technologies, it will demonstrate and investigate in which way these innovative PtG concepts will be able to solve the main problems of renewable energies: fluctuating production of renewable energies; consideration of renewables as suboptimal power grid infrastructure; expensive; missing storage solutions for renewable power at the local, national and European level. At the same time PtG concepts will contribute in maintaining natural gas or SNG with an existing huge European infrastructure and an already advantageous and continuously improving environmental footprint as an important primary/secondary energy carrier, which is nowadays in doubt due to geo-political reasons/conflicts. So, STORE&GO will show that new PtG concepts can bridge the gaps associated with renewable energies and security of energy supply. STORE&GO will rise the acceptance in the public for renewable energy technologies in the demonstration of bridging technologies at three living best practice locations in Europe.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SPA.2013.2.3-01 | Award Amount: 2.88M | Year: 2013

MISW (Mitigation of space weather threats to GNSS services) will tackle the research challenges associated with GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite System) and Space Weather to bring practical solutions right into the forefront of European Industry. Space Weather can affect many modern technologies that we take for granted. One of the most common technologies found across many systems today is navigation and timing provided by the Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS). The main users of GNSS positioning are reliant on the inherent accuracy that the system can provide but this is not adequate for all applications. Aviation has its own augmentation solution called a Satellite Based Augmentation System (SBAS) and the European version is called EGNOS (European Geostationary Navigation Overlay Service). These systems gather additional information that allows some mitigation of Space Weather Events. However, they are not yet able to work in the most challenging regions and as a consequence Space Weather disturbances to the ionised upper atmosphere (ionosphere) will cause navigation errors that remain uncompensated. MISW will research, develop and apply new solutions to compensate for ionospheric effects on GNSS. Measurements of actual extreme events will allow realistic estimates of the ionospheric delays and errors caused by scintillation. MISW will include the development of new mapping techniques to compensate for ionospheric delay and both system-level and receiver-level solutions to scintillation events. The MISW consortium of leading industry, academia and research organisations will deliver the foundations for the next generation SBAS systems that can be extended across Europe and into Africa, ensuring reliable GNSS services over many decades ahead.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: DS-04-2015 | Award Amount: 4.56M | Year: 2016

Nowadays, cybercrime is one of the most relevant and critical threats to both the economy and society in Europe. Establishing efficient and effective ways to protect services and infrastructures from ever-evolving cyber threats is crucial for sustaining business integrity and reputation as well as protecting personal and sensitive data. To that end, the SHIELD project proposes a universal solution for dynamically establishing and deploying virtual security infrastructures into ISP and corporate networks. SHIELD builds on the huge momentum of Network Functions Virtualisation (NFV), as currently standardised by ETSI, in order to virtualise security appliances into virtual Network Security Functions (vNSFs), to be instantiated within the network infrastructure using NFV technologies and concepts, effectively monitoring and filtering network traffic in a distributed manner. Logs and metrics from vNSFs are aggregated into an information-driven Data Analysis and Remediation Engine (DARE), which leverages state-of-the-art big data storage and analytics in order to predict specific vulnerabilities and attacks by analysing the network and understanding the adversary possibilities, behaviour and intent. The SHIELD virtual security infrastructure can either used by the ISP internally for network monitoring and protection, but it can also be offered as-a-service to ISP customers; for this purpose, SHIELD establishes a vNSF Store, i.e. a repository of available virtual security functions (firewalls, DPIs, content filters etc.) from which the ISP customers can select the ones which best match their needs and deploy them to protect their infrastructure. This approach promotes openness and interoperability of security functions and offers an affordable, zero-CAPEX security solution for citizens and SMEs. Moreover, SHIELD services can be easily scaled up or down, configured and upgraded according to customers needs, as opposed to security solutions based on monolithic hardware.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: NMP-2008-3.2-1 | Award Amount: 16.82M | Year: 2009

The ultimate ambition of COPIRIDE is to develop a new modular production and factory concept for the chemical industry using adaptable plants with flexible output. This concept will be superior, intellectual property (IP) protected, and enable a much wider spread of know-how and education of this skill-intensive technology. Key functional enabling units are new production-scale, mass-manufactured microstructured reactors as well as other integrated process intensification (PI) reactors realising integrated processes. This will lead to a substantial reduction in costs, resources & energy and notably improves the eco-efficiency. To ensure the competitiveness of European (EU) manufacturing businesses, PI technology / know-how is transferred from leaders to countries (and respective medium & small industries) with no exposure in PI so far, but with a track record in sustainability, and to the explorative markets food and biofuels. A deeply rooted base will be created for IP rights (Copyright, = COPIRIDE) by generic modular reactor & plant design and new generic processes via Novel Process Windows, facilitating patent filing. Due to the entire modular plant concept comprising all utilities far beyond the reaction & processual parts - a holistic PI concept is provided, covering the whole development cycle with, e.g., safety & process control & plant approval. Features, inter alia, are fast plant start-up and shut-down for multipurpose functionality (flexibility in products), sustainable & safe production, and fast transfer from lab to production & business (time-to-market). Industrial demonstration activities up to production scale with five field trials present a good cross-section of reactions relevant to the EU chemical industry. The economic impact in COPIRIDE is 10 Mio /a (cautiously optimistic) to 30 Mio /a (optimistic) by direct exploitation. Indirect exploitation might sum up to 800 Mio /a (very optimistic) by other companies via technology transfer.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.3.5 | Award Amount: 4.33M | Year: 2012

FABULOUS will design, develop and characterize new Silicon Photonics components for application in next-generation passive optical networks (NG-PON2), particularly in a WDM/FDM architecture based on reflective ONU. These components will be integrated onto a multi-functional optoelectronic chip, that will then be the core of a full-blown system demonstrator.FABULOUS will address the following objectives:\tDesign, fabrication, characterization, optimization and monolithic/hybrid integration of photonic and electronic components to implement a low-cost/low power consumption R-ONU, using Silicon Photonics, CMOS/BiCMOS and III-V-on-silicon technologies. The final packaged device will integrate RX/TX functionality, electronic functions and optical amplification into a single chip.\tExperimental study of the proposed NG-PON2 architecture and optimization of its many free parameters.\tDevelopment of a full system PON prototype carrying real Ethernet traffic to demonstrate the architecture effectiveness and to showcase the potential of Silicon Photonic devices into a realistic system testbed.\tThe electro optic components developed in Fabulous can find applications also other PON architectures. The project already involves two external industrial partners (ZTE and NEC) that support this activity, interacting with the consortium partners and testing the FABULOUS electro optic devices.FABULOUS will demonstrate a cost- and energy-efficient solution for the NG-PON2 requirements set by Telecom operators within the FSAN group by addressing both components (through a potentially very low cost Silicon Photonic ONU) and system (through an architecture that allows each ONU to handle only its dedicated data traffic, and not the full aggregated bit rate, as in other NG-PON2 technologies). A part of the workplan is also dedicated to the interaction with relevant standardization bodies (in particular FSAN then ITU and potentially IEEE) to promote the proposed NG-PON2 solution.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: NMP-17-2014 | Award Amount: 6.90M | Year: 2015

ALISE is a pan European collaboration focused on the development and commercial scale-up of new materials and on the understanding of the electrochemical processes involved in the lithium sulphur technology. It aims to create impact by developing innovative battery technology capable of fulfilling the expected and characteristics from European Automotive Industry needs, European Materials Roadmap, Social factors from vehicle consumers and future competitiveness trends and European Companies positioning. The project is focused to achieve 500 Wh/Kg stable LiS cell. The project involves dedicated durability, testing and LCA activities that will make sure the safety and adequate cyclability of battery being developed and available at competitive cost. Initial materials research will be scaled up during the project so that pilot scale quantities of the new materials will be introduced into the novel cell designs thus giving the following advancements over the current state of the art. The project approach will bring real breakthrough regarding new components, cell integration and architecture associated. New materials will be developed and optimized regarding anode, cathode, electrolyte and separator. Complete panels of specific tools and modelling associated will be developed from the unit cell to the batteries pack. Activities are focused on the elaboration of new materials and processes at TRL4. Demonstration of the lithium sulphur technology will be until batteries pack levels with validation onboard. Validation of prototype (17 kWh) with its driving range corresponding (100 km) will be done on circuit. ALISE is more than a linear bottom-up approach from materials to cell. ALISE shows strong resources to achieve a stable unit cell, with a supplementary top-down approach from the final application to the optimization of the unit cell.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENERGY.2008.8.1.1 | Award Amount: 2.79M | Year: 2009

Heat recovery at a high temperature level is essential in industrial thermal processing. The use of ceramic materials yields higher temperatures and subsequently a higher efficiency. The present project aims to develop a new generation of ceramic heat exchangers for high temperature heat recovery with the target of significantly reducing the size and weight as well as also the price of such components by simplifying the manufacturing process and allowing a higher flexibility in the heat exchanger geometry. The use of precursors/template materials taken from the textile industries and a subsequent ceramic conversion is proposed as the main technological path for reaching the above objectives. Although this principal option is not new, there are no development efforts known, to utilize such a technological approach for industrial high temperature heat exchangers. The proposed route will lead to an increase in freedom of the geometric design at low costs for shaping. The development/refinement of the conversion process for such materials into a thermal-shock resistant gas-tight ceramic (e.g. silicon infiltrated silicon carbide) and the multi-objective optimization in terms of size, geometry, material and production costs is the major challenge of the proposed project. A complete ceramic heat exchanger component shaped by textile technologies is targeted. The combination/junction of existing robust ceramic components already applied in industrial furnaces, like silicon infiltrated SiC tubes, with compatible ceramic heat enhancement elements, built through the textile technology based manufacturing process, allows a robust construction in terms of application safety as an intermediate technology development step. At the same time a significant size reduction or increase of the heat recovery level can be achieved due to the higher heat transfer by the fine shaped and geometrically flexible heat enhancement elements.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: GC.SST.2012.1-2. | Award Amount: 3.58M | Year: 2012

UNPLUGGED project aims to investigate how the use of inductive charging of Electric Vehicles (EV) in urban environments improves the convenience and sustainability of car-based mobility. In particular, it will be investigated how smart inductive charging infrastructure can facilitate full EV integration in the urban road systems while improving customer acceptance and perceived practicality. UNPLUGGED will achieve these goals by examining in detail the technical feasibility, practical issues, interoperability, user perception and socio-economic impacts of inductive charging. As one special variant, inductive en-route charging will be investigated thoroughly. As part of the project, two smart inductive charging systems will be built, taking into consideration requirements from OEMs, energy utilities and end users. The systems will be innovative and will go beyond the current state of the art in terms of high power transfer, allowing for smart communication between the vehicle and the grid, as well as being in line with the latest inductive charging standards and considering interoperability. These innovative inductive charging systems designed and built as part of the project will then be tested and assessed in order to understand their potential impacts on urban mobility and the acceptance of e-mobility. Application in an en-route charging scenario in particular will be examined for different vehicle types, ranging from cars to buses. It is anticipated that UNPLUGGED will provide clear evidence on and demonstrate whether the use of smart inductive charging infrastructure can overcome some of the perceived barriers for e-mobility, such as range and size of on-board energy storage, and practical difficulties associated with installing traditional charging post infrastructure. UNPLUGGED will also include a feasibility study and economic model for dynamic en-route inductive charging. This technology is currently less mature than static en-route charging, however, it ha

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-IRSES | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2009-IRSES | Award Amount: 673.20K | Year: 2010

The S2EuNet project is a joint initiative by four partner universities in Europe and nine partner universities in third countries in the form of staff and researcher exchange under the FP7/People/IRSES action. The main goal of this project is to strengthen research partnership among partner organizations and to elevate the scientific competence of the participating organizations in the fields of next generation mobile systems and wireless networks. More specifically, the project has the following objectives: to reinforce cooperation among partner organizations, not only between European partners and third-country partners, but also between European partners for the purpose of long-term research partnership, at the organizational level to investigate various aspects of emerging technologies in future wireless and mobile networks for the provision of reliable, security and high-performance IP-based multimedia services to enhance research quality and lift the scientific competence of the participating organizations through joint research activities to educate more and better qualified PhD candidates at the international level Following the principle of the MCA, a bottom-up approach has been adopted for both overall theme identification and research topic definition. The participating researchers in this project exceed sixty with over thirty faculty members and over thirty PhD students respectively, organized into six WPs. The duration of the project will be 48 months. It contains a researcher exchange scheme with a total number of 422 PMs, well balanced between outgoing visits from Europe (200 PMs) and incoming stays to Europe (222 PMs). The duration of each research stay varies from one month up to twelve months, depending on the role and the availability of the each individual researcher. The major joint activities planned in the project include 4 workshops, 2 summer schools, 20~40 guest lectures, 8~16 tutorials and PhD courses.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.3.5 | Award Amount: 4.73M | Year: 2012

BILOBA aims to develop and pre-clinically validate a multifunctional point-of-care platform capable of performing real-time cancer biomarker detection in a tandem configuration. The configuration exploits a label-free detection based on the resonance shifts, and the spectral analysis of enhanced fluorescence emitted by biomolecules immobilized on the surface. Utilizing both labeled and label-free analysis on one sensor increases the sensitivity and the reliability of optically read-out surface bound assays.\nThe standard optical label-free detection is the surface plasmon resonance (SPR) method. Its sensitivity suffers from the strong absorption of waves bound to the metal surface. Here, a similar concept, already at the proof of principle stage, will be advantageously implemented by applying the unique properties of Bloch Surface Waves (BSW) sustained on 1D Photonic Crystals (1DPC). Therein, a surface wave without absorption is excited, giving rise to an enormous narrowing of resonances and an associated increase in sensitivity. Furthermore, fluorescence enhancement due to near field effects will be exploited. By engineering the BSW dispersion both detection schemes will be combined.\nThe goal of the project is to explore, design, and set-up BSW systems optimized for analytical sensing, and develop a corresponding analytical instrument. Immobilization protocols and biochemical assays have to be established for optimizing the binding site surface density and for detecting the target biomarkers. The development of a sophisticated, robust fluidic system to ensure a high signal-to-noise ratio even in the case of lowest analyte concentrations accompanies this work.\nThe results will be applied to early cancer biomarker analysis by validating the projects results in pre-clinical tests. The target application is the detection of Angiopoetin1 and Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor with these proteins being indicative of angiogenesis associated to human cancer progression.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: NOE | Phase: ICT-2007.1.1 | Award Amount: 20.70M | Year: 2008

Future networks became a central topic with a large debate whether moving towards the new networked society will be evolutionary or disruptive. In the future networked society the physical and the digital worlds will merge based on the massive usage of wireless sensor networks. Objects will be able to identify and locate themselves and to communicate through radio interfaces. Self-organized edge networks will become more and more common. Virtualization and programmability will allow for providing different networking environments over the same infrastructure. Autonomic networking will deal with the increasing complexity of IandC systems. End-users empowerment will increase with his capacity of providing services and content, as well as connectivity support.\nThis new environment forces the scientific community to develop new principles and methods to design/dimension/control/manage future multi-technology architectures. The new paradigms raise new challenging scientific and technological problems embedded in complex policy, governance, and worldwide standards issues. Dealing with the diversity of these scientific and socio-economic challenges requires the integration of a wide range of research capacities; a role that Euro-NF will fulfil.\nIndeed, Euro-NF extends, in scope and duration, the successful Euro-NGI/FGI NoE that has integrated the required critical mass on the networks of the future and is now a major worldwide player in this area. The consortium has evolved in order to have an optimal coverage of the new scope. Euro-NF will therefore cover the integration of a wide range of European research capacities, including researchers and research and dissemination activities. As such Euro-NF will continue to develop a prominent European center of excellence in Future networks design and engineering, acting as a Collective Intelligence Think Tank, representing a major support for the European Society leading towards a European leadership in this area.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: SST.2013.3-1. | Award Amount: 13.01M | Year: 2013

OPTICITIES vision is to help European cities tackle complex mobility challenges. OPTICITIES strategy focuses on the optimisation of transport networks through the development of public/private partnerships and the experimentation of innovative ITS services. OPTICITIES addresses both passenger and freight transport issues supporting a user-centred approach. OPTICITIES delivers significant innovation breakthroughs: - New governance scheme between public and private stakeholders through a contractual architecture fostering data quality and implementing data access policy; - European standard for urban multimodal data set including interfaces with information services; - Decision support tools based on predictive data for proactive transport management and Multimodal Traffic Control Systems connecting road traffic and public transport data in cities; - Multimodal real-time urban navigator interfaced with in-car navigation systems as a first world trial; - Urban freight navigator to support drivers and fleet operators in optimising their deliveries. The European dimension of the project is ensured by a consortium of 25 partners from 8 EU member states. The consortium includes 6 city authorities, major ITS actors (research institutes, information service providers, car industry) and the most important networks of European cities and international public transport operators. Led by public authorities the consortium supports 3 key approaches: effectiveness of solutions ensuring deployment perspectives of maximum 5 years; scalability of services tailored to diverse European urban typologies; transferability of results to foster further deployments in other European cities. OPTICITIES main expected impacts are: - 6% modal shift inducing a yearly gain of 1.5 MT of CO2 - Increase in market size (211 M per year) thanks to the new governance scheme and implementation of innovative services - 10% decrease in private car use generating a gain of 3.6 M m2 of public space

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-ITN-2008 | Award Amount: 3.22M | Year: 2010

With various forms of biometric technologies becoming available, there is a growing need for scientists who are able to assess the merits of these technologies when applied to forensics. The Marie Curie ITN `Bayesian Biometrics for Forensics, or BBfor2, will provide a training infrastructure that will educate Early Stage Researchers in the core biometric technologies of speaker, face and fingerprint recognition, as well as the forensic aspects of these technologies. According to modern interpretation of evidence in court, biometric evidence must be presented as likelihood ratios. The calibration of likelihood ratios of individual behavioural and physical biometrics and of combinations of biometric modalities, including measures of the quality of the traces, is a unifying topic in all research projects in this Network. The training of ESRs will be realized as individual PhD projects at various research labs, including a forensic institute. Apart from training at their host institute and secondments with other network partners, the ESRs will receive training in dedicated Summer Schools on Biometric Signal Processing, Bayesian Techniques in Forensic Applications and Legal Issues in Forensic Applications. The Network combines 8 European Universities and a leading Forensic Institute; it is augmented by a biometric industrial and a research institute, where secondments of the ESRs will take place.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: ICT-11-2014 | Award Amount: 6.54M | Year: 2015

There is a strong need for objective data about stability and performance of Mobile Broadband (MBB) networks, and for tools to rigorously and scientifically assess their performance. In particular, it is important to measure and understand the quality as experienced by the end user. Such information is very valuable for many parties including operators, regulators and policy makers, consumers and society at large, businesses whose services depend on MBB networks, researchers and innovators. MONROE proposes to design, build and operate an open, European-scale, and flexible platform with multi-homing capabilities to run experiments on operational 3G/4G Mobile Broadband networks. One of the main objectives of MONROE is to use the platform for the identification of key MBB performance parameters, thus enabling accurate, realistic and meaningful monitoring and assessment of the performance of MBB networks. MONROE also provides WIFI connectivity mimicking multi-homing in smartphones with both MBB and WiFi interfaces, to allow experimenting on different access technologies as well as explore new ways of combining them to increase performance and robustness. The users of the platform are in the core of the MONROE project. First, following the FIREs philosophy, MONROE offers a user-oriented closed-loop system design in which the experimental platform is open to external users, and where users are incorporated early on in the experimental design process. Second, MONROE will provide Experiments as a Service (EaaS), thus lowering the barrier for using the platform to external experimenters and users, by providing well-documented tools and adjustable, flexible, high-level scripts to execute experiments, collect results, and analyze data. Interoperability with existing FIRE and FP7 measurement platforms, jointly with the MONROEs effort to develop business and funding models, will guarantee sustainability and usefulness of the platform.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: GC.NMP.2013-1 | Award Amount: 9.01M | Year: 2013

MARS-EV aims to overcome the ageing phenomenon in Li-ion cells by focusing on the development of high-energy electrode materials (250 Wh/kg at cell level) via sustainable scaled-up synthesis and safe electrolyte systems with improved cycle life (> 3000 cycles at 100%DOD). Through industrial prototype cell assembly and testing coupled with modelling MARS-EV will improve the understanding of the ageing behaviour at the electrode and system levels. Finally, it will address a full life cycle assessment of the developed technology. MARS-EV proposal has six objectives: (i) synthesis of novel nano-structured, high voltage cathodes (Mn, Co and Ni phosphates and low-cobalt, Li-rich NMC) and high capacity anodes (Silicon alloys and interconversion oxides); (ii) development of green and safe, electrolyte chemistries, including ionic liquids, with high performance even at ambient and sub-ambient temperature, as well as electrolyte additives for safe high voltage cathode operation; (iii) investigation of the peculiar electrolyte properties and their interactions with anode and cathode materials; (iv) understanding the ageing and degradation processes with the support of modelling, in order to improve the electrode and electrolyte properties and, thus, their reciprocal interactions and their effects on battery lifetime; (v) realization of up to B5 format pre-industrial pouch cells with optimized electrode and electrolyte components and eco-designed durable packaging; and (vi) boost EU cell and battery manufacturers via the development of economic viable and technologically feasible advanced materials and processes, realization of high-energy, ageing-resistant, easily recyclable cells. MARS-EV brings together partners with complementary skills and expertise, including industry covering the complete chain from active materials suppliers to cell and battery manufacturers, thus ensuring that developments in MARS-EV will directly improve European battery production capacities.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: EeB.NMP.2013-4 | Award Amount: 9.92M | Year: 2013

Today, Building Energy Performance Simulation (BEPS) analysis tends to show a large discrepancy with real energy performance. Most cases are due to gross mistakes rather than fundamental inadequacy of available technology and methods. The reasons are manifold. Highly simplified calculation methods are used far beyond their domain of validity. Assumed boundary conditions such as occupant behaviour are not in accordance with actual usage; gross malfunctions in control and HVAC systems are left undetected in the commissioning process, while thermal bridges and distribution system losses are left without attention. Moreover, metered and sub-metered data are not used efficiently in calculation tools and engineering based simulation models during the Measurement and Verification (M&V) phase. TRIBUTE aims at minimizing the gap between computed and measured energy performances through the improvement of the predictive capability of a state-of-the-art commercial BEPS. TRIBUTE will extend the use of this tool to the commissioning and operation stages of a building. For existing buildings, M&V techniques will be developed and deployed to connect the BEPS model in real time to the pivotal wireless sensing and control systems of a monitored building. This involves modelling building systems to a higher fidelity than done today, developing technology for on-line identification of building key parameters, and automatically adapting the on-line, real time BEPS to the actual buildings state. In addition, BHM and EFM application will compare measured data to the then improved predicted metrics and will enable detecting building deviations. Advanced data mining methods will help evaluate these deviations. Subsequent Energy Efficiency Diagnostic Rules and optimization methods will provide cost effective and corrective retrofit actions accordingly. The methodology and tools will be evaluated in the context of three different building types and locations.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: COMPET-03-2015 | Award Amount: 1.01M | Year: 2016

The project Thin film light-trapping enhanced quantum dot photovoltaic cells: an enabling technology for high power-to-weight ratio space solar arrays (TFQD) aims at developing a new generation of high-efficiency thin-film photovoltaic devices for future solar arrays, by exploiting cross-cutting Key Enabling Technologies as: advanced manufacturing, advanced materials, photonics. The core device is a thin-film III-V solar cell embedding quantum dots and photonic nanogratings to boost the efficiency beyond the thermodynamic limit of conventional single-junction devices. Combining the thin-film approach with the nanostructuring of semiconductor layers allows for a drastic improvement of power-to-weight ratio and mechanical flexibility with respect to currently available space solar cells. The incorporation of quantum dots provides improved radiation and temperature hardness. The TFQD device targets efficiency higher than 30% (AM0), at least an eightfold increase of power-to-weight ratio vs. triple junction III-V solar cells and very low bending radius, allowing for the development of rollable or inflatable solar arrays. Demonstration up to TRL4 will be carried out through on ground testing under representative in orbit conditions over a set of 44 prototypes. The consortium includes four academic partners having a strong position in modelling, epi-layer structuring and development and manufacturing of thin-film III-V solar cells, a SME able to quickly implement the new technology in their thin-film solar cell production line, and a company that is a European leader in satellite systems as early adopter of the developed devices to boost innovation in space solar panels. On account of wafer reuse and simplicity of the epitaxial structures, the TFQD solar cells are less expensive than the current state-of-the-art multi-junction solar cells, thus also important impact potential on terrestrial applications, as first in concentrating photovoltaic systems, is foreseen.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: ICT-25-2015 | Award Amount: 1.12M | Year: 2015

The objective of this project is to elaborate a new roadmap for Nanoelectronics, focused on the requirements of European semiconductor and applications industry, and the advanced concepts developed by Research centers in order to achieve an early identification of promising novel technologies, and cover the R&D needs all along the innovation chain. The final result will be a roadmap for European micro- and nano-electronics, covering all TRL, with a clear identification of short, medium and long term objectives. The roadmap will be divided into main technology sectors and include also cross-functional enabling domains. A proper dissemination of results will take place through the close relationship of the project with the leading European organizations in the field of micro- and nano-electronics, and sanity checks are foreseen during the project with the users world.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: DRS-01-2015 | Award Amount: 6.66M | Year: 2016

Society as a whole is increasingly exposed and vulnerable to natural disasters because extreme weather events, exacerbated by climate change, are becoming more frequent and longer. To increase the resilience of European citizens and assets to natural disaster we propose I-REACT: Improving Resilience to Emergencies through Advanced Cyber Technologies. The proposed system targets public administration authorities, private companies, as well as citizens in order to provide increased resilience to natural disasters though better analysis and anticipation, effective and fast emergency response, increased awareness and citizen engagement. I-REACT integrates existing services, both local and European, into a platform that supports the entire emergency management cycle. Leveraging on innovative cyber technologies and ICT systems, I-REACT will be able to enable early planning of disaster risk reduction actions, achieve effective preparedness thanks to risk assessment and early warnings, and efficiently manage emergency responses by empowering first-responders with up-to-date situational information and by engaging citizens through crowdsourcing approaches and social media analysis. I-REACT will integrate multiple systems and European assets, including the Copernicus Emergency Management Service, the European Flood Awareness System (EFAS), the European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS), and European Global Navigation Satellite Systems (E-GNSS), e.g. Galileo and EGNOS.I-REACT will be structured as a user-driven project, integrating the requirements from all main stakeholders as well as the guidelines that emerged during European workshops and seminars related to emergency management. I-REACT services will also enable new business development opportunities around natural disasters triggered by extreme weather conditions, which will reduce the number of affected people and loss of life, lowering the environmental and economic costs due to damaged assets within society.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: SST-2007-1.1-03 | Award Amount: 21.34M | Year: 2008

Main objective of Integrated gas powertrain (InGas) Collaborative Project is to deploy a custom designed engine integrated with specific aftertreatment systems applied to a light duty vehicle able to achieve a 10% higher fuel conversion efficiency than that of a corresponding 2006 diesel vehicle and complying with an emission level lower than Euro 6. Additional features are advanced storage systems and vehicle architectures, as well as multi-grade fuel tolerance and fuel flexibility. To achieve the InGas targets, three main combustion technologies will be compared: Sub-Project A1 CNG technologies for passenger cars will develop a natural gas car powered by a 1.4 liter displacement engine using the sequential multi-point port gas injection and following the stoichiometric approach; Sub-Project A2 Turbo DI CNG engine will develop a natural gas car powered by a 1.8 liter displacement engine using the direct gas in-cylinder injection and following a lean burn approach; Sub-Project A3 Boosted lean burn gas engine will develop a natural gas light-duty vehicle powered by a 1.9 liter displacement engine using port gas injection or low pressure direct gas injection and following the ultra-lean combustion approach. Three main enabling technologies will be compared and assessed Sub-Project B0 Fuels for advanced CNG engines will define / supply the gas mixture of the requested quality, conduct analysis and propose solutions in order to affect in a flexible way storage, combustion, aftertreatment and performance of the CNG vehicles; Sub-Project B1 Gas storage for passenger car CNG engine will develop advanced gas storage and filling systems including specific components and gas sensors; Sub-Project B2 Aftertreatment for passenger car CNG engine will develop an aftertreatment system for natural gas vehicles having special regards to CH4 conversion efficiency and NOx abatement under stoichiometric and lean combustion operations.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: SGA-RIA | Phase: FETFLAGSHIP | Award Amount: 89.00M | Year: 2016

Understanding the human brain is one of the greatest scientific challenges of our time. Such an understanding can provide profound insights into our humanity, leading to fundamentally new computing technologies, and transforming the diagnosis and treatment of brain disorders. Modern ICT brings this prospect within reach. The HBP Flagship Initiative (HBP) thus proposes a unique strategy that uses ICT to integrate neuroscience data from around the world, to develop a unified multi-level understanding of the brain and diseases, and ultimately to emulate its computational capabilities. The goal is to catalyze a global collaborative effort. During the HBPs first Specific Grant Agreement (SGA1), the HBP Core Project will outline the basis for building and operating a tightly integrated Research Infrastructure, providing HBP researchers and the scientific Community with unique resources and capabilities. Partnering Projects will enable independent research groups to expand the capabilities of the HBP Platforms, in order to use them to address otherwise intractable problems in neuroscience, computing and medicine in the future. In addition, collaborations with other national, European and international initiatives will create synergies, maximizing returns on research investment. SGA1 covers the detailed steps that will be taken to move the HBP closer to achieving its ambitious Flagship Objectives.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2016 | Award Amount: 3.39M | Year: 2017

TREASURE will provide specialist training in the strategic and emerging area of European GNSS. Collectively, GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite Systems) includes systems such as the US Global Positioning System (GPS) and the Russian GLONASS, as well as the new, under development systems like Chinas Beidou and most importantly Europes Galileo. Galileo is what we call the European GNSS (EGNSS) and is to be fully operational around 2020, therefore the pressing need to invest on research and training right now. This is especially so because GPS has clearly been the frontrunner of all these systems and has dominated the market for two decades now. EGNSS (Galileo) is aimed at changing this market unbalance and is the main focus of this proposal, which concentrates on its use in support of applications demanding high accuracy positioning and navigation. TREASUREs cohort of 13 young researchers will be given gap-bridging innovative training through an exceptional and unique network of industrial, research and academic beneficiaries, with the aim to form a group of outstanding researchers who would not be able to acquire the equivalent set of skills by training at any individual European institution alone. World-class expertise on EGNSS exists in Europe, however multi-disciplinary research skills need expanding to maximise the enormous potential that there is for promotion and exploitation of this technology. TREASURE addresses that need and responds to the much desired involvement of end-users and businesses, by bringing together four top Universities, one research Institute and four leading European companies, with extensive track record and experience in a wide breadth of disciplines to provide the necessary coordinated research training that will enable the ultimate real time high accuracy EGNSS solution.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: AAT-2007-1.1-03;AAT-2007-4.2-03 | Award Amount: 10.79M | Year: 2008

FUTURE brings together European and international well reputed centres-of-excellence in order to reach major scientific & technical objectives in striving towards flutter-free turbomachine blades. By advancing the state-of-the-art in flutter prediction capabilities and design rules, the FUTURE project will lead to benefits in terms of decreased development cost, reduced weight and fuel consumption, and increased ability to efficiently manage flutter problems occurring on engines at service. Eight interconnected turbine and compressor experiments will be performed in the project, in combination with numerical modelling of vibrating blades and the related unsteady aerodynamics. Cascade experiments will be employed to study unsteady aerodynamic properties in detail. These tests are supporting more complex rotating turbomachinery tests (turbine and compressor) to study the addressed phenomenon in engine-typical environment. The knowledge from both component tests will be then condensed into best practice for both experimental and computational (CFD) set-ups, and will be used towards a combined effort of physical understanding of travelling waves and interferences between the vibrating structures and the surrounding fluid. The acquired knowledge is aimed to be employed by the aeroelastic specialists in the companies, research institutes and universities to identify updated and better aeromechanical design rules. In the process of reaching this unique knowledge status a sophisticated, not yet available, measuring technique will be developed, and a new excitation mechanism will be implemented as back-up to the free-flutter experiments. Furthermore, a unique database with combined structural and unsteady aerodynamic results will be established and made available for further dissemination among the partners. This database will contain significantly more detailed data than any other existing database in the world.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-CSA-Infra | Phase: INFRA-2008-1.1.1 | Award Amount: 32.30M | Year: 2009

Particle physics stands at the threshold of a new era of discovery and insight. Results from the much awaited LHC are expected to shed light on the origin of mass, supersymmetry, new space dimensions and forces. In July 2006 the European Strategy Group for Particle Physics defined accelerator priorities for the next 15 years in order to consolidate the potential for discovery and conduct the required precision physics. These include an LHC upgrade, R&D on TeV linear colliders and studies on neutrino facilities. These ambitious goals require the mobilisation of all European resources to face scientific and technological challenges well beyond the current state-of-the-art and the capabilities of any single laboratory or country. EuCARD will contribute to the formation of a European Research Area in accelerator science, effectively creating a distributed accelerator laboratory across Europe. It will address the new priorities by upgrading European accelerator infrastructures while continuing to strengthen the collaboration between its participants and developing synergies with industrial partners. R&D will be conducted on high field superconducting magnets, superconducting RF cavities which are particularly relevant for FLASH, XFEL and SC proton linacs, two-beam acceleration, high efficiency collimation and new accelerator concepts. EuCARD will include networks to monitor the performance and risks of innovative solutions and to disseminate results. Trans-national access will be granted to users of beams and advanced test facilities. Strong joint research activities will support priority R&D themes. As an essential complement to national and CERN programmes, the EuCARD proposal will strengthen the European Research Area by ensuring that European accelerator infrastructures further improve their performance and remain at the forefront of global research, serving a community of well over 10,000 physicists from all over the world.

The European electricity system is facing major challenges to implement a strategy for a reliable, competitive and sustainable electricity supply. The development and the renewal of the transmission infrastructure are central and recognised issues in this strategy. Indeed the transmission system is a complex and strongly interconnected infrastructure that offers a wide range of benefits like reliability improvement, promotion of competitive electricity markets and of economic growth, support for development of new generation and for exploitation of renewable resources. Within this context, the objective of REALISEGRID is to develop a set of criteria, metrics, methods and tools (hereinafter called framework) to assess how the transmission infrastructure should be optimally developed to support the achievement of a reliable, competitive and sustainable electricity supply in the European Union (EU). The project encompasses three main activity-packages: 1) identification of performances and costs of novel technologies aimed at increasing capacity, reliability and flexibility of the transmission infrastructure; 2) definition of long term scenarios for the EU power sector, characterized by different evolutions of demand and supply; 3) implementation of a framework to facilitate harmonisation of pan-European approaches to electricity infrastructure evolution and to evaluate the overall benefits of transmission expansion investments. The expected output of the project is fourfold: - Implementation of the framework to assess the benefits provided by transmission infrastructure development to the pan-European power system. - Preparation of a roadmap for the incorporation of new transmission technologies in the electricity networks. - Analysis of impacts of different scenarios on future electricity exchanges among European countries. - Testing and application of the framework for the cost-benefit analysis of specific transmission projects.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: GV-6-2015 | Award Amount: 9.95M | Year: 2016

Fuel economy is a key aspect to reduce operating costs and improve efficiency of freight traffic, thus increasing truck competitiveness. The main objective of the IMPERIUM project (IMplementation of Powertrain Control for Economic and Clean Real driving EmIssion and ConsUMption) is to achieve fuel consumption reduction by 20% (diesel and urea) whilst keeping the vehicle within the legal limits for pollutant emissions. The approach relies on three stages targeting the improvement of the control strategy: * Direct optimisation of the control of the main components (engine, exhaust after-treatment, transmission, waste heat recovery, e-drive) to maximize their performances. * Global powertrain energy manager to coordinate the different energy sources and optimize their use depending on the current driving situation. * Providing a more comprehensive understanding of the mission (eHorizon, mission-based learning) such that the different energy sources can be planned and optimized on a long term. The IMPERIUM consortium consist of major European actors and is able to provide a 100% European value chain for the development of future powertrain control strategies for trucks.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: GC.SST.2011.7-9. | Award Amount: 17.07M | Year: 2012

The project proposal CORE (CO2 REduction for long distance transport) is a collaborative large-scale integrating project for a call within FP7-SUSTAINABLE SURFACE TRANSPORT (SST)-2011-RTD-1. The project consortium consists of three truck manufactures in Europe, Volvo, Daimler and IVECO, together with 13 other partners in the automotive industry and universities. The objective is to demonstrate a substantial reduction of CO2 emissions, 15% improved fuel efficiency compared to a EURO V engine and at the same time fulfilling EURO VI emission legislation. By using novel technology and combine them in flexible engines with a high level of precise control, performance advantages will be achieved with improvements in emissions and fuel consumption. The research will focus on efficient air management, combustion and control for the diesel engine, together with optimizing the powertrain layout utilizing electric hybridization, downsizing and electrification of auxiliaries and alternative fuels. Research to the aftertreatment system is included to further improve the powertrain efficiency. This will be combined improvements to the base engine friction for developing highly efficient drivelines for long distance transports. CORE is divided into five sub-projects, three that will focus on different engine technologies. These activates are supported by two cross divisional projects where friction reduction and improvements to the NOx aftertreatment technologies are studied. The project results will be assessed by vehicle simulations. Results will be evaluated for legislation test cycles and in real life drive cycles. The project will demonstrate three diesel powertrains and one natural gas truck.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: FI.ICT-2011.1.7 | Award Amount: 68.51M | Year: 2011

The goal of the FI-WARE project is to advance the global competitiveness of the EU economy by introducing an innovative infrastructure for cost-effective creation and delivery of services, providing high QoS and security guarantees. FI-WARE is designed to meet the demands of key market stakeholders across many different sectors, e.g., healthcare, telecommunications, and environmental services. FI-WARE unites major European industrial actors. The key deliverables of FI-WARE will be an open architecture and a reference implementation of a novel service infrastructure, building upon generic and reusable building blocks developed in earlier research projects. We will demonstrate how this infrastructure supports emerging Future Internet (FI) services in multiple Usage Areas, and will exhibit significant and quantifiable improvements in the productivity, reliability and cost of service development and delivery building a true foundation for the Future Internet. From an architectural perspective, FI-WARE is based on the following main foundations: Service Delivery Framework the infrastructure to create, publish, manage and consume FI services across their life cycle, addressing all technical and business aspects. Cloud Hosting the fundamental layer which provides the computation, storage and network resources, upon which services are provisioned and managed. Support Services the facilities for effective accessing, processing, and analyzing massive streams of data, and semantically classifying them into valuable knowledge. IoT Enablement the bridge whereby FI services interface and leverage the ubiquity of heterogeneous, resource-constrained devices in the Internet of Things. Interface to Networks open interfaces to networks and devices, providing the connectivity needs of services delivered across the platform. Security the mechanisms which ensure that the delivery and usage of services is trustworthy and meets security and privacy requirements.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: GC.SST.2013-1. | Award Amount: 9.00M | Year: 2014

FABRIC addresses directly the technological feasibility, economic viability and socio-environmental of dynamic on-road charging of electric vehicles. FABRIC responds to the need to assess the potential and feasibility of a more extensive integration of electric vehicles in the mobility and transportation system, focusing primarily on dynamic wireless charging which would allow practically all of the drawbacks of on-board battery packs to be avoided. On-road charging would also enable the direct link to renewable energy sources: Ultimately this is the only way to fully decarbonise road transport and hence provide true sustainability from the socio-environmental perspective. Specifically, by engaging a highly-qualified, expert and comprehensive group of key stakeholders within its consortium, FABRIC will determine and assess the end-user requirements that will determine the potential of success in various application sectors, the technology drivers and challenges that impact the widespread implementation of wireless charging technology, and the technology gaps to be bridged in order to provide rational and cost-effective solutions for the grid and road infrastructures. Advanced solutions, conceived to enable full integration in the grid and road infrastructure within urban- and extra-urban environments for a wide range of future electric vehicles, will be implemented and tested. Each key issue will be assessed directly and comprehensively, providing insights through experimental evaluations into the relevant technologies, investigating the present and future opportunities for such solutions, and identifying the future trends and requirements for research and development. The ultimate aim is to provide a pivotal contribution to the evolution of e-Mobility in Europe by identifying the benefits and costs in absolute terms so that the investments required in the coming years for widespread implementation and exploitation can be fully defined and quantified.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: ISIB-06-2015 | Award Amount: 6.21M | Year: 2016

CELBICON aims at the development, from TRL3 to TRL5, of new CO2-to-chemicals technologies, conjugating at once small-scale for an effective decentralized market penetration, high efficiency/yield, low cost, robustness, moderate operating temperatures and low maintenance costs. In line with the reference Topic text, these technologies will bridge cost-effective CO2 capture and purification from the atmosphere through sorbents (with efficient heat integration of the CO2 desorption step with the subsequent process stages), with electrochemical conversion of CO2 (via PEM electrolysis concepts, promoting CO2 reduction at their cathode in combination with a fruitful oxidation carried out simultaneously at the anode), followed by bioreactors carrying out the fermentation of the CO2-reduction intermediates (syngas, C1 water-soluble molecules) to form valuable products (bioplastics like Poly-Hydroxy-Alkanoates - PHA -, isoprene, lactic acid, methane, etc.) as well as effective routes for their recovery from the process outlet streams. A distinctive feature of the CELBICON approach is the innovative interplay and advances of key technologies brought in by partners (high-tech SMEs & companies, research centres) to achieve unprecedented yield and efficiency results along the following two processing lines: i) High pressure process line tailored to the production of a PHA bioplastic and pressurized methane via intermediate electrochemical generation of pressurized syngas followed by specific fermentation steps; ii) Low pressure processing line focused on the production of value-added chemicals by fermentation of CO2-reduction water-soluble C1 intermediates. Over a 42 months project duration, the two process lines described will undergo a thorough component development R&D programme so as to be able to assemble three optimised TRL5 integrated test-rigs (one per TP) to prove the achievement of all the quantified techno-economical targets.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-RISE | Phase: MSCA-RISE-2015 | Award Amount: 238.50K | Year: 2016

The PhotoFluo project consists in a consortium of three teams (two from Europe and one from Canada) committed to work for developing novel fluoropolymers suitable for optical and electronic devices, membranes for fuel cells and Li batteries, microfluidics, and biomaterials. This ambitious goal will be achieved starting from designing new perfluoropolyalkylether building blocks (PFPAE) improving safety (not bioaccumulative like perfluoroalkylics) and having chemical inertness, flexibility in a wide temperature range, very low refractive index and wettability. PFPAE will be chain extended to tune final properties; exploiting OH functionalities, these precursors will be functionalized to make telechelic macromonomers for suitable crosslinking (via both radical and ionic processes). The polymers will be synthesized by photoinduced polymerization, chosen as an efficient and eco-friendly process: the polymer formation is fast (no more than minutes compared to hours requested by thermal processes), is solvent free, is carried out at room temperature consuming low amount of energy, permits spatial resolution, as it mainly occurs in the illuminated areas. After obtaining an original portfolio of PFPAE polymers, they will be fully characterized and tested in view of innovate applications. The project is conducted by research groups with a relevant scientific record in the fields: (i) fluorochemistry (TWU, Canada), (ii) photopolymerization (iii) polymer science (POLITO, Italy and ENSCM, France). The combination of expertises makes the objective feasible. For the implementation of the program, 24 secondments are planned to exploit the complementarities of the different expertises of each groups, to share them and to reinforce young researchers career. The project includes a strong dissemination plan to report on the results, not only to the scientific community, but also to potential users and non-specialized audience.

Lucia U.,Polytechnic University of Turin
Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications | Year: 2013

The entropy approach to the evolution of open systems is analyzed, using Lotka's principle as a starting point. A Lagrangian is sought after to develop an analytical method for the evaluation of the stationary states of open irreversible systems. The stationary conditions for open systems are first obtained on the basis of the entropy generation and its maximum principle, suggesting them as a link between the classical engineering thermodynamics approach and the more mathematical Lotka point of view. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: BSG-SME | Phase: SME-2012-1 | Award Amount: 1.62M | Year: 2012

The existing building stock in European countries accounts for over 40% of final energy consumption in the European Union (EU) member states, of which residential use represents 63% of total energy consumption in the buildings sector. In this scenario, the EcoThermo proposal will address specific needs and will pursue challenges in order to introduce breakthrough technologies into the market. The EcoThermo project aims to develop a smart thermoregulatory system aimed at optimizing the heat/cooling energy consumption and perform smart and accurate cost allocation to be applied in already existing (old) buildings where the heating/cooling system is centralized, without independent control and independent cost allocation even with a vertical pipeline distribution (i.e. each radiator connected to a different vertical pipe) avoiding the batteries and devices disposal and at the same time preserving a heating/cooling cost allocation really based on the user/flat thermal energy demand. Main Scientific Achievement: to research physical and mathematical models aimed to estimate with high accuracy the real demand of thermal energy by users (radiators, flats, etc.) connected to a common thermal generator and thermal distribution network and avoiding the usage of the traditional heat cost allocators (for each radiator) as well as the heat meters (for each flat); to research the physical phenomena in order to develop breakthrough technologies to electrically power flow control devices, such as radiator electronic valves, by the mean of transducers applied in main pipeline section and on board of the same peripheral control devices, avoiding the usage of batteries and the plug-in of the same devices to the grid and estimate the lowest energy demand for the most energy consumption device to be powered without plugging it on the electric power network

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: SEC-2013.4.1-6 | Award Amount: 19.27M | Year: 2014

In recent years, the frequency of large-scale forest fires has increased significantly owing to a number of factors including the effects of climate change, urbanisation, poor landscape management and malevolent acts. These so-called Mega-fires are particularly destructive and difficult to control with the technologies and systems currently available to fire fighters and emergency agencies. The AF3 project intends to provide an extraordinary improvement to the efficiency of current fire-fighting operations and to the protection of human lives, the environment and property by developing innovative technologies and means to ensure a high level of integration between existing and new systems. To reach this objective, AF3 project focuses on the following areas: Innovative active countermeasure: implementation of the novel AAFF (Advanced Aerial Fire Fighting) system to accurately and safely disperse extinguishing materials from high altitude by aircrafts and helicopters in any condition: day and night, regardless of weather, smoke and configuration of terrain. It will enable a quick 24H response, minimizing fire duration and damages. The AAFF system can be adapted to a wide variety of aircrafts or helicopters. Innovative passive countermeasures: fast build-up of preventive defensive lines of capsules to prevent the spreading of fire from forest to populated areas Early detection and monitoring: integration and deployment of diverse systems including satellites, aeroplanes, UAVs, and both mobile and stationary ground systems for the early detection of fire and for monitoring the propagation of smoke and toxic clouds. Integrated crisis management: the innovative AF3 Core Expert Engine will perform overall coordination of all fire fighting missions. The results of AF3 will be validated by intermediate tests during the project, and by a final demonstration with flight tests and drilling exercises carried out simultaneously in Spain, Italy, Greece and Israel.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CPCSA | Phase: ICT-2013.9.9 | Award Amount: 72.73M | Year: 2013

Understanding the human brain is one of the greatest challenges facing 21st century science. If we can rise to the challenge, we can gain profound insights into what makes us human, develop new treatments for brain diseases and build revolutionary new computing technologies. Today, for the first time, modern ICT has brought these goals within sight. The goal of the Human Brain Project, part of the FET Flagship Programme, is to translate this vision into reality, using ICT as a catalyst for a global collaborative effort to understand the human brain and its diseases and ultimately to emulate its computational capabilities. The Human Brain Project will last ten years and will consist of a ramp-up phase (from month 1 to month 36) and subsequent operational phases.\nThis Grant Agreement covers the ramp-up phase. During this phase the strategic goals of the project will be to design, develop and deploy the first versions of six ICT platforms dedicated to Neuroinformatics, Brain Simulation, High Performance Computing, Medical Informatics, Neuromorphic Computing and Neurorobotics, and create a user community of research groups from within and outside the HBP, set up a European Institute for Theoretical Neuroscience, complete a set of pilot projects providing a first demonstration of the scientific value of the platforms and the Institute, develop the scientific and technological capabilities required by future versions of the platforms, implement a policy of Responsible Innovation, and a programme of transdisciplinary education, and develop a framework for collaboration that links the partners under strong scientific leadership and professional project management, providing a coherent European approach and ensuring effective alignment of regional, national and European research and programmes. The project work plan is organized in the form of thirteen subprojects, each dedicated to a specific area of activity.\nA significant part of the budget will be used for competitive calls to complement the collective skills of the Consortium with additional expertise.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.1.2 | Award Amount: 13.63M | Year: 2010

The webinos project will define and deliver an Open Source Platform and specific components for the Future Internet, which will enable web applications and services to be used and shared consistently and securely over a broad spectrum of converged and connected devices, including mobile, PC, home media (TV) and in-car units. Promoting a single service for every device vision, webinos will move the existing baseline from installed applications to services, running consistently across a wide range of connected devices, ensuring that the technologies for describing, negotiating, securing, utilizing device functionalities and adapting to context are fit for purpose. Innovations in contextual description will be broad covering but not limited to device capabilities, network access, user identity and preferences, location, behaviourally induced properties and finally the more complex issue of the users social network context.\nwebinos will directly address security and privacy issues as part of Quality of Service that users of web services expect. The addressed challenges comprise: how to provision and adapt security across a range of devices, services, networks as well as how individuals can gain control over the privacy aspects of their web presence regardless of the service that is being used. Context and privacy are intimately intertwined: rich context is valuable but without user controlled privacy it becomes a liability.\nwebinos will boost the industry migration towards web-based services. webinos can back this by providing inter-operable, standardised, open source technology utilizable across domains with direct commercially exploitable value. webinos will also act as an industry catalyst to encourage collaboration and discourage fragmentation in this space.\nThere are strong industry moves towards Internet friendly and Internet integrated offerings, and there exists a window of opportunity to place this Web OS technology on a robust open foundation that will remove economic barriers to engagement, embody policy on data privacy in concrete technology (protecting consumers and enterprise) and creating a centre of web centric expertise (benefiting technical competitiveness).

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: INCO.2010-6.2 | Award Amount: 508.75K | Year: 2011

The PERA project is aiming at strengthening capacities of the Palestine Technical University Kadoorie (PTUK) while realizing it as an international centre of excellence, and reinforcing the cooperation capacities and research activities in Palestinians water and energy sectors by defining water and energy research priorities to respond to socio-economic needs, facilitating participation in European water and energy research initiatives and inclusion in European Research Area. The specific objectives of PERA project are: -Better Coordination Between Policy, Research and Business in Palestine -Enabling Better Participation in Framework Programmes -Setting Up Palestines Environmental NCP -Enhancement of EU-PS S&T Partnerships in Energy and Water Research -Capacity Building for Solving Specific Energy and Water Issues -PTUKs Strengthening and Cooperation Capacities Reinforcement -Energy and Water Research Results Dissemination The project thus addresses current Work Programme for International Cooperation to reinforce the cooperation capacities of research centres located in the ENP countries and contributes to the European international co-operation in S&T strategy implementation, while strengthening the international dimension of the ERA and improving the framework conditions for international S&T cooperation. The main impact of PERA will be increased capacities of the PTUK centre and the structuring and enhancement of the existing EU-Palestinian Territories support landscape in Energy and Water S&T cooperation through a threefold way: (i) by supporting the participation of Palestine in the FP7, (ii) knitting together all relevant support schemes, and (iii) facilitating both the uptake of water and energy research areas and the monitoring of the performance and impacts of this cooperation. The PERA consortium brings together 4 Palestinian and EU organisations representing a well-defined mix of competencies and expertise. Project duration is 24 months.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: NOE | Phase: ICT-2007.1.1 | Award Amount: 4.75M | Year: 2008

The BONE-proposal builds on the foundations laid out by the ePhoton/ONe projects in the previous Framework Programme. This Network of Excellence has brought together over several years the research activities within Europe in the field of Optical Networks and the BONE-project intends to validate this effort by stimulating a more intensified collaboration, exchange of researchers and building on Virtual Centres of Excellence that can serve to European industry with education and training, research tools and testlabs and pave the way to new technologies and architectures.\nThe Network of the Future, which is the central theme of this Call, will have to cope with a wide variety of applications running on a wide variety of terminals and with an increasing number of connected devices and increasing speed and data-loads. The BONE-proposal does not look into issues as convergence between mobile and fixed networks, nor does it consider issues regarding the optimised broadband access in the last mile using a wide variety of technologies such as DSL, cable, WiMAX, WiFi, PLC,... The BONE-proposal looks further into the future and takes as the final Network of the Future:\n- a high capacity, flexible, reconfigurable and self-healing optical Core and Metro network which supports the transport of massive amounts of data\n- a FTTx solution in which the x is as close as possible to the home, at the home, or even in the home. From this point the user is connected using terminal-specific technologies (wireless to handheld devices, fiber to home cinema, wireless to laptop, fixed connection to desktop,...)\nBONE clearly identifies the existence of the current technologies and also recognizes the fact that users also require the mobility of wireless access, but this mobile connection ends at a gateway or access points and from there a fixed connection is required and this fixed connection will finally be an optical link.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: BSG-SME | Phase: SME-1 | Award Amount: 1.01M | Year: 2008

The aim of the research is to develop and produce flame retardant textile, with economical and environmental advantages. Once project will be completed, it will be possible to increase the flame retardant textile market quota to the detriment of untreated textiles. This could support the introduction of new standards and rules to grant a higher security level against fires.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: ENERGY-2007-9.1-01 | Award Amount: 4.09M | Year: 2008

The implementation of the present Project aims at: Analysing present policies concerning EU MS and Community targets for energy import. Evaluating technical, economical and environmental characteristics of present and future energy corridors within Europe and among Europe and the supplying regions of the World, taking into account the different typology of infrastructures and technologies (railways, pipelines, cables, terminals, ships and other carriers, ..), the flows and the distances involved for oil, natural gas, coal, electricity, uranium, biomass and hydrogen (reference to the work done within the ENCOURAGED Project and other research activities). Introducing suitable parameters and indicators (including technical and socio-economical reliability) and cost components (investment, O&M, externalities) incorporating the above mentioned information, which may help a global evaluation of supply options (energy vectors, infrastructures, origins of the sources) and their impacts on economy, society, energy and environment toward sustainability. Identifying main corridors for primary and secondary energy carriers to EU27\ Implementing these energy corridors into an adapted version of the pan-EU TIMES model (PEM) built in the framework of the NEEDS IP or into other modelling tools. Analysing scenarios, in which for the fulfilment of the EU27\ energy needs, the import strategies of primary (and secondary) energy carriers compete with the evolution of energy efficiency policies (i.e. white certificates for the energy saving), the introduction of new energy schemes and the development of renewables, in the framework of the EU environmental targets for 2030-2050. Some hypotheses related to the energy supply and demand strategies of regions outside of Europe will be also assumed, given their potential impacts on the international energy prices (eg. China, India, OPEC, Russia etc.) Training target groups of EU DGs to familiarize with the modelling tool

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: GV-3-2014 | Award Amount: 23.39M | Year: 2015

In order to realize sustainable mobility in Europe, both urban and long distance vehicles for road transport will have to be significantly more efficient by 2020\ and a considerable contribution will have to come from the energy efficiency improvement of the powertrain. Moreover, together with the progressive efficiency increase coming from the engine technology evolution, the use of Low-Carbon Alternative Fuels, such as Natural Gas, will play a fundamental role to accelerate the process of decarbonization of the transportation sector that in Europe is targeted for the 2050 time horizon. In this context, being well-known the benefits of the Natural Gas Vehicles adoption in Europe, this proposal aims to exploit the main benefits of gas-powered engines developing CNG-only, mono-fuel-engines able to comply with: post Euro 6 noxious emissions 2020\ CO2 emissions targets new homologation cycle and Real Driving conditions and simultaneously improving engine efficiency and vehicle performance also with regard to its CNG range capability. These engines, based on new combustion processes, require also dedicated technological solutions for: Innovative injection, ignition and boosting system concepts Advanced exhaust gas aftertreatment system Detecting the gas-quality and its composition The results obtained from the experimental activities on the demonstration vehicles and engines will be harmonized and analysed throughout a final overall assessment of the different approaches. The demonstrator vehicles will be assessed in terms of performance and emissions with regard to NEDC, WLTP and under real driving conditions. Moreover, the final assessment of the vehicles will be certified, as independent testing, by JRC (Joint Research Centre) which will carry out additional measurements in their own testing facilities both on chassis dyno and by means of PEMS (Portable Emissions Measurement System).

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-RISE | Phase: MSCA-RISE-2016 | Award Amount: 877.50K | Year: 2017

Additive manufacturing (AM) technologies and overall numerical fabrication methods have been recognized by stakeholders as the next industrial revolution bringing customers needs and suppliers offers closer. It cannot be dissociated to the present trends in increased virtualization, cloud approaches and collaborative developments (i.e. sharing of resources). AM is likely to be one good option paving the way to Europe re-industrialization and increased competitiveness. AMITIE will reinforce European capacities in the AM field applied to ceramic-based products. Through its extensive programme of transnational and intersectoral secondments, AMITIE will promote fast technology transfer and enable as well training of AM experts from upstream research down to more technical issues. This will provide Europe with specialists of generic skills having a great potential of knowledge-based careers considering present growing needs for AM industry development. To do that, AMITIE brings together leading academic and industrial European players in the fields of materials science/processes, materials characterizations, AM technologies and associated numerical simulations, applied to the fabrication of functional and/or structural ceramic-based materials for energy/transport, and ICTs applications, as well as biomaterials. Those players will develop a new concept of smart factory for the future based on 3D AM technologies (i.e. powder bed methods, robocasting, inkjet printing, stereolithography, etc.) and their possible hybridization together or with subtractive technologies (e.g. laser machining). It will allow for the production of parts whose dimensions, shapes, functionality and assembly strategies may be tailored to address todays key technological issues of the fabrication of high added value objects following a fully-combinatorial route. This is expected to lead to a new paradigm for production of multiscale, multimaterial and multifunctional components and systems

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: ICT-12-2016 | Award Amount: 4.99M | Year: 2016

Todays Internet is becoming increasingly centralised, slowing innovation and challenging its potential to revolutionise society and the economy in a pluralistic manner. DECODE will develop practical alternatives through the creation, evaluation and demonstration of a distributed and open architecture for managing online identity, personal and other data, and collective governance in a citizen-friendly and privacy-aware fashion. Strong digital rights that makes it possible for data subjects to determine access rights to their information through flexible entitlements and open standard-based agreements regarding data governance (on the model of Creative Commons licenses) will be woven into the technological architecture. DECODE will increase digital sovereignty of European citizens by enabling them to produce, access and control their data and exchange contextualised information in real-time, and in a confidential, and scalable manner. DECODE will develop a modular privacy-aware IoT hub with a free and open source operating system backed by a state of the art blockchain infrastructure supporting smart-contracts and privacy protections. The architecture will be demonstrated through four pilots in Barcelona and Amsterdam, in the field of digital democracy, citizen sensing, and collaborative economy. The pilots will be run with the active involvement of social entrepreneurs, hackers, and makers. Innovators will be able to build solutions on top of the platform through hackathons and open challenges, while ensuring their security, resilience and privacy preserving qualities. This aims to create a decentralised innovation ecosystem that will attract a critical mass able to shift the current centralised data-driven economy towards a decentralised, sustainable and commons-based economy. DECODE puts agency and data control in the hands of citizens, to improve citizens well-being and society for the collective benefit of all.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: COMPET-01-2015 | Award Amount: 3.98M | Year: 2016

VEGAS proposes to address the key challenge of European non-dependence and competitivness regarding rad-hard FPGA for space applications. VEGAS will evaluate (following ESCC rules) and validate the first rad-hard FPGA in 65nm to directly compete with the US offering and reach TRL 7. The VEGAS project sets clear and measurable main objectives to reach a TRL 7 from TRL 5 (end of BRAVE project) as follows: 1. Validation by end users of rad-hard FPGA developped under the BRAVE project TRL 6 achieved 2. Space evaluation of the first rad-hard FPGA developped under the BRAVE project TRL 7 achieved 3. Software CAD tools improvement by including timing and SEE mitigation tools VEGAS will complement the ongoing ESA funded BRAVE project. BRAVE covers all hardware and software development to reach a first prototype of NG-FPGA-MEDIUM (30k LUTs) and NG-FPGA-LARGE (130k LUTs) . VEGAS will cover all required steps to ESCC evaluate / validate the BRAVE NG-FPGA-MEDIUM and NG-FPGA-LARGE prototype and add additional software tools to reach a competitive software offering.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: NOE | Phase: ICT-2011.1.6 | Award Amount: 5.99M | Year: 2011

The goal of EINS is coordinating and integrating European research aimed at achieving a deeper multidisciplinary understanding of the development of the Internet as a societal and technological artefact, whose evolution is increasingly interwined with that of human societies. Its main objective is to allow an open and productive dialogue between all the disciplines which study Internet systems under any technological or humanistic perspective, and which in turn are being transformed by the continuous advances in Internet functionalities and applications. EINS will bring together research institutions focusing on network engineering, computation, complexity, security, trust, mathematics, physics, sociology, game theory, economics, political sciences, humanities, law, energy, transport, artistic expression, and any other relevant social and life sciences.\nThis multidisciplinary bridging of the different disciplines may also be seen as the starting point for a new Internet Science, the theoretical and empirical foundation for an holistic understanding of the complex techno-social interactions related to the Internet. It is supposed to inform the future technological, social, political choices concerning Internet technologies, infrastructures and policies made by the various public and private stakeholders, for example as for the far-ended possible consequences of architectural choices on social, economic, environmental or political aspects, and ultimately on quality of life at large.\nThe individual contributing disciplines will themselves benefit from a more holistic understanding of the Internet principles and in particular of the network effect. The unprecedented connectivity offered by the Internet plays a role often underappreciated in most of them; whereas the Internet provides both an operational development platform and a concrete empirical and experimental model. These multi- and inter-disciplinary investigations will improve the design of elements of Future Internet, enhance the understanding of its evolving and emerging implications at societal level, and possibly identify universal principles for understanding the Internet-based world that will be fed back to the participating disciplines. EINS will:\nCoordinate the investigation, from a multi-disciplinary perspective, of specific topics at the intersection between humanistic and technological sciences, such as privacy & identity, reputation, virtual communities, security & resilience, network neutrality\nLay the foundations for an Internet Science, based i.a. on Network Science and Web Science, aiming at understanding the impact of the network effect on human societies & organisations, as for technological, economic, social & environmental aspects\nProvide concrete incentives for academic institutions and individual researchers to conduct studies across multiple disciplines, in the form of online journals, conferences, workshops, PhD courses, schools, contests, and open calls

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: NOE | Phase: ICT-2007.3.5 | Award Amount: 5.06M | Year: 2008

EURO-FOS aims at creating a powerful pan-European network on photonic subsystems by clustering top European systems groups with proven track record in the design, development and evaluation of photonic subsystems. EURO-FOS aims at bridging the gap between research on device-level physics and new architectures from the network-level. The first objective of the project is the integration of researchers through exchange and mobility, allowing for innovation and reinforcing common research thrusts. The second objective is the access to expensive infrastructure creating economies of scale in the development and testing of photonic subsystems. The third objective is the strengthening of European research by creating a mechanism for partners to access devices developed in complementary European projects on photonic components. Functional integration of devices will create new ideas through the design and development of new subsystems within the project. EURO-FOS fourth objective is to complement European Commission efforts for combating Europes difficulty to turn scientific know-how developed in universities into exploitable technology. This will be achieved through the creation of an academic pan-European laboratory with strong industrial links. The creation of this lab can bridge the gap created by the shutdown or downsizing of major R&D industrial labs and help innovative SMEs that find it increasingly difficult to allocate R&D expenditure for basic research and expensive testing facilities. EURO-FOS is expected to have a high impact on Europes research through integration of people and clustering of research groups under the guidance of European industry. The creation of a unified and coherent European network of researchers with excellence in this field will ensure that Europe excels in this crucial part of the photonic systems development chain that links device-level physics and network architectures. Moreover, the creation of the pan-European research lab with diverse R&D capabilities, highly-skilled scientific personnel and state-of-the-art testing facilities, will critically assist Europes industry to perform innovative research and evaluate their developed technology in a system environment with advanced equipment and using accurate methods defined by EURO-FOS researchers.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: MG-8.3-2016 | Award Amount: 2.99M | Year: 2016

The Transportation sector employs over 10 million persons in the EU today. At the same time, Transport is a social sector that is rapidly developing, changing and being influenced to the maximum extent by the development of automation, electrification and greening of transport, among others, thus facing problems in staffing its several domains with appropriate and qualified personnel. This fact, makes the need for changes in training and education content, curricula, tools and methodologies absolutely imperative, incorporating lifelong learning aspects for the professionals in all transports areas. SKILLFUL vision is to identify the skills and competences needed by the Transport workforce of the future and define the training methods and tools to meet them. For all the above trends, employability will be strongly connected by SKILLFUL to future transport job requirements for all transportation modes and multimodal chains (which constitute a key transport of the future trend) and for all levels/types of workers, while all training modes will be included and integrated in a balanced way. To achieve this, SKILLFUL aims to review the existing, emerging and future knowledge and skills requirements of workers at all levels in the transportation sector, to structure the key specifications and components of the curricula and training courses that will be needed to meet these competence requirements optimally and to identify and propose new business roles in the education and training chain, such as those of knowledge aggregator, training certifier and training promoter, in order to achieve European wide competence development. Project results are verified through s wide number of Pilots with low to high skilled workers from all transportation modes Europewide.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: NMP.2013.1.4-1 | Award Amount: 4.78M | Year: 2014

MoDeNa aims at developing, demonstrating and assessing an easy-to-use multi-scale software-modelling framework application under an open-source licensing scheme that delivers models with feasible computational loads for process and product design of complex materials. The use of the software will lead to novel research and development avenues that fundamentally improve the properties of these nanomaterials. As an application case we consider polyurethane foams (PU), which is an excellent example of a large turnover product produced in a variety of qualities and of which the properties are the result of designing and controlling the material structure on all levels of scale, from the molecule to the final product. Polyurethanes are used in furniture, automotive, coatings, construction, thermal insulation and footwear, which are the most important industry sectors. Tailoring these properties requires understanding and detailed modelling of the fundamental material behaviour on all scales. An open-source software-suite will be constructed that logically interlinks scale and problem specific software of our university groups, using a software orchestrator that communicates information utilizing our proposed new communication standard in both directions, namely upwards to the higher scale and downwards to the lower scale. This feature is unique, enabling the solution of complex material design problems. By that this project contributes to strengthening the European leadership in design and production of nanocomposite materials with functional properties in general. It will also contribute to strengthening European SME positions in the development of computationally intensive simulation software. Finally, it will contribute to making production processes more efficient by combining scale-specific software tools thereby decreasing the time-to-market. This will enable the exploration of many more alternatives eventually leading to improved products and processes.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: NMP.2012.3.0-2 | Award Amount: 4.21M | Year: 2013

Over the recent past the accumulation of major mishaps, crises and accidents have made it clear that organisations must still improve their capabilities to address safety not a stand-alone activity that is separate from the main activities and processes of the organization but as an integrated part of critical project management. Further it is critical also to understand how weaknesses not only in the technical but also in the organisational interfaces can contribute to significant losses and major industrial accidents. TOSCA (Total Operation Management for Safety Critical Activities) is concerned with the integration of industrial operations into a total performance management system so that concerns about safety, quality and productivity are addressed in an integrated way during life-cycle of a project or a product. The industrial domain of application regards process control industries (e.g., chemical industries, power generation, offshore oil & gas platforms, etc.) that may vary in size, regulatory and cultural aspects. TOSCA will examine vulnerabilities of the technical, human and organisational systems that may have an impact in safety, quality and productivity. Safety critical activities can be seen as projects or safety cases that must be examined from the perspectives of many stakeholders (e.g., different departments, subcontractors, regulatory authorities, etc) and decision-making at different organizational levels (e.g., top managers, supervisors and operators). A participative approach is required that should collect knowledge from the sharp-end operators and integrate it with formal descriptions of how the system works and how responses should be coordinated across the whole organisation. Furthermore, TOSCA should enhance the management of changes and provide a facility for testing out the effectiveness of the possible action plan devised.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: EE-07-2016-2017 | Award Amount: 2.41M | Year: 2016

The overall aim of MOBISTYLE is to raise consumer awareness and awareness of ownership, thus empowering consumers and providing confidence of choosing the right thing, by providing attractive tailor-made combined knowledge services on energy use, indoor environment, health and lifestyle, by ICT-based solutions. This awareness will support and motivate end-users to well informed pro-active behavior towards energy use, energy efficiency and health. The objectives are: 1. To make energy use and energy efficiency understandable and easy to handle in an attractive way by unlocking and translating large data sets using data science from energy monitoring for consumers. a. To transform big data into smart data, i.e. giving meanings to data, making data understandable and findable. b. To develop easy to use, desirable ICT-based tools which will make energy monitoring a well-accepted and attractive daily activity for end-users as well as for professionals (building managers). 2. To provide understandable information to consumers on health and life style in relation to energy use by combining energy monitoring with monitoring indoor environmental and behavior parameters a. To combine the several low-cost, non-intrusive devices and monitoring with the energy monitoring. b. To offer the end user transparency on energy use/efficiency, indoor environment, health and lifestyle. 3. To motivate behavioral change of consumers/energy end-users by combined modular information on energy use, health and lifestyle: To transform this information into knowledge for raising awareness on energy use and behavior, thus motivating and supporting to come to a behavioral consciousness and change of lifestyle concerning energy and health. 4. To foster new business models and applications 5. To deploy and validate the developed solutions and services in different building types and user types, demonstrating a significant reduction of final energy use, prompted by these solutions.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: BSG-CSO | Phase: ENV.2011.4.2.3-1 | Award Amount: 2.46M | Year: 2011

Novel funding initiatives are on the cusp of implementation across the developing world. Community owned solutions for the management of ecosystem services have the potential to act as showcases for determining the most effective and efficient use of these emerging funding streams in order to maximise social justice and ecological sustainability. The COBRA project brings together key South American and European CSOs that have extensive experience in enabling and disseminating grassroots solutions to complex problems in the Guiana Shield region of Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana. The RTDs on the project have scientific expertise to rigorously evaluate these grassroots solutions and determine their impact, while the SME brings with it the business and technical expertise for promoting the financial viability of these initiatives. The CSOs, RTDs and the SME have formed a partnership to help deliver effective community-led sustainable management of ecosystem services and to widely disseminate best practice. We therefore aim to: 1) review the emergence of novel social, economic and environmental challenges facing communities in the Guiana Shield region; 2) engage with established locally owned and developed solutions; 3) analyse and record these solutions in order to investigate their generic transferability; 4) test the approach in a wider range of communities confronting similar challenges; 5) facilitate communication between communities and governments to ensure local needs are addressed and emerging policies benefit local communities; and 6) develop a range of accessible communication and dissemination tools for engaging a wider global constituency. The COBRA project will be in a unique position to study the impact of new funding streams on the most marginalised sectors of society, how CSOs are able to respond positively, and to influence policy and implementation practices as these initiatives are rolled out in the rest of the world.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: GC-SST.2010.7-5. | Award Amount: 3.02M | Year: 2011

OPTIBODY, is a new concept of modular structural architecture for electric light trucks or vans (ELTVs) that will focus on the improvement of passive safety in order to help to reduce the number of fatalities and severe injuries. This new structural concept is composed of a chassis; a cabin improving current levels of EVs comfort, occupant protection and ergonomics; and a number of add-ons bringing specific self protection in case of impacts or rollover, and providing partner protection (crash compatibility) while interacting with other vehicles or vulnerable users. Each module can be individually optimized. OPTIBODY, together with the less restrictive distribution of internal components of EVs (with less architectural constraints than conventional ones) will represent a unique opportunity to implement innovative solutions for passive safety in ELTVs. OPTIBODY, as a module-based design, has also important results in terms of repairability. An optimum choice for the different modules features will make repairability and maintenance procedures easier and more cost efficient. Currently, the EVs figures are still reduced, but the 21st century will most likely see the replacement of vehicles relying on the internal combustion engine by EVs (as stated in A Sustainable Future for Transport- Communication adopted by the EC -17/06/2009). In accordance with this idea, theNational Development Plan on Electric-Drive Vehicles (German Federal Cabinet -19/08/2009), plans to get 1 million EVs on Germany by 2020; the Spanish Ministry of Industry intends to reach the 1 million EVs in Spain by 2014; manufacturers like RENAULT have forecasted 6 million EVs in Europe by 2010; besides, encouraging the EV is one of the main objectives of the Spanish presidency of the UE. OPTIBODY will imply decreases in severity of injuries as a result of traffic accidents involving ELTVs, this will mean important reductions in sanitary costs to the National Health Services of the Member State

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: AAT.2011.6.2-1.;AAT.2011.6.3-1. | Award Amount: 5.07M | Year: 2011

The MAAT project aims to investigate aerial transportation possibility by airship based cruiser-feeder system. MAAT is composed by tree modules : - the cruiser, named PTAH, (acronym of Photovoltaic Transport Aerial High altitude system); - the feeder, named ATEN (Aerial Transport Elevator Network feeder), is a VTOL system (Vertical Take Off and Landing) which ensure the connection between the cruiser and the ground; - the vertical airport hub, named AHA (Airport Hub for Airship feeders). The feeder can lift up and down by the control of buoyancy force and displace horizontally to join to cruiser. The project aims to: 1. identify and design the best type of propulsion for the PTAH, a discoid innovative airship able to remain airborne for long periods and to travel great distances, in order to reduce the environmental impact against the present sys-tem, as fuel consumption is null, both cruiser and feeder are energetically autonomous by photovoltaic energy and innovative electric propulsion. 2. study the different possible ways of approaching and joining between ATEN and PTAH, and consequently, the re-lease of ATEN from PTAH. 3. design the best procedure of docking operations thus identified in order to obtain the minimum disruption to pas-sengers and the maximum safety for themselves and for goods 4. study the different architectures of PTAH and Athens, in such a way that : 5. the lift up capacity guaranteed by the buoyancy force, may be accompanied by the power of the engines; 6. effective and safe procedures for docking; 7. ATEN can land and take off from Airport Hubs named AHA located in major populated centres 8. PTAH satisfies the better possible aerodynamic performances possible for the dimensions and the operative mis-sion. To study the transfer operations between ATEN and PTAH of goods and people and vice versa, to: minimize distress conditions for passengers, maximize performances especially for goods; enhance safety of these operations to maximum possible level. The objectives described are congruent with each other and to achieve this the study of the system and components must be highly structured.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: JTI-CP-ARTEMIS | Phase: SP1-JTI-ARTEMIS-2009-5 | Award Amount: 32.94M | Year: 2010

The objective of POLLUX is to develop a distributed real time embedded systems platform for next generation electric vehicles, by using a component and programming-based design methodology. Reference designs and embedded systems architectures for high efficiency innovative mechatronics systems will be addressed with regard to requirements on composability, networking, security, robustness, diagnosis, maintenance, integrated resource management, evolvability and self-organization. Next generation EVs will begin the convergence between computer and automotive architectures: future automobiles will be mechatronic systems comprising a multitude of plug-and-play and self configurable peripherals. Peripherals will be embedded systems containing hardware, algorithms, software. The architecture will be based on distributed energy while the propulsion systems will adopt radical new control concepts. Sensing, actuation, signal processing and computing devices will be embedded in the electronic equipment, electrical motors, batteries and the mechanical parts as well. The systems used to control the chassis and the power train will form the computing engine that automates lower level tasks during vehicle use (driver assistance, terrain evaluation, predictive battery management) and will enable future higher level functionalities (auto pilot), by means of novel human-machine interfaces. POLLUX addresses the embedded system needs for the next generation electric vehicles by exploiting the synergy with the ENIAC E3Car project which aims to develop nanoelectronics technologies, devices, circuits, and modules for EVs in preparation for the launch of a massive European EV market by 2015-2020. The project considers both vertical integration and horizontal cooperation between OEMs, hardware/software/silicon providers to build a solid, embedded-systems European industry while establishing standard designs and distributed real-time embedded-systems platforms for EVs. Approved in its amended version (JUGA amendment n 1) on 10/05/2012

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: NMP-2008-4.0-4 | Award Amount: 15.74M | Year: 2009

The LIFT project will establish international leadership for Europe in the science, application and production technologies for material processing by fibre lasers through the development of innovative laser sources. Major advances beyond the state of the art are planned: The cold-ablation fibre laser, based on ultra-short pulses, will open an entirely new market (100 mill. p.a.) for laser processing of ceramics. The extreme high-power fibre laser will enlarge the EUV lithography market (500 mill. p.a.) to include fibre lasers. The visible RGB fibre laser will produce the first high-brilliance source for laser projection displays (15 mill. p.a.). New future-oriented manufacturing tools based on higher-power pulsed fibre lasers (80 mill. p.a.). The high-reliability laser for large-scale manufacturing with High Speed Laser Remote Processing - means a new level of performance for 2kWatt materials-processing lasers with raised MTBF to 50.000 hours (accessible market 1 bill. p.a.). The Horizontal integration and networking in Europes high brilliance laser industry in this project will enable a greater market share for existing applications, create new areas of exploitation for manufacturing, and build a European network of component suppliers, laser manufacturers, universities and research institutes. As a result, LIFT will cause the following results to emerge: 1. Europe would take advantage of novel laser sources to be employed for various processing applications, many of which cannot even be treated by todays lasers. 2. European companies will benefit by the exploitation of the knowledge by the LIFT consortium in the field of fibre lasers, thus creating new markets and improving productivity in existing ones, thus building the competitiveness and the technological role of Europe; 3. The society as a whole would benefit from the results of LIFT, because in many sectors the further development of laser processing is crucial for the improvement of the quality

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: INCO.2010-6.2 | Award Amount: 549.06K | Year: 2010

In the Mediterranean region the pressure on water resources is high, so there is no water to waste. Water is becoming a limiting factor for agricultural, and even for industrial development. Treated wastewater is part of the communitys water resources and one component of sustainable water management approach. The direct reuse, instead of wastewater discharge in the network, reduces costs of treatment and throwing of biological recalcitrant compounds into a water stream. To reach this purpose, water treatment should target (i) pollutants degradation, (ii) multi-purpose water use and (iii) sustainability of the technologies. Reinforcement of cooperation between EU and ENP countries is necessary to implement sustainable water management. The project proposes to use the frame of FP7 programme (ERA-WIDE) for the reinforcement of cooperation capacities of Tunisian research centre Centre of Water Researches and Technologies, CERTE in specific items which CERTE has already an expertise to build on competency and capacity. The topic Wastewater treatment for elimination of recalcitrant compounds allowing multiuse of the water and direct recycling and avoiding pollution of water system is considered the leitmotiv for this proposal. The objective of this project is to reinforce the R&D capacities of CERTE and its regional and international impact with the ultimate goal that R&D activities lead to a fruitful cooperation with the UE for sustainable water management in accordance with the national and European strategies. There is much effort needed to build cooperation to develop appropriate sustainable water management. Still, high attention is given to capacity building on EC cooperation and scientific research through workshops, trainings, technical visits and pilot plants upgrading. Networking and dissemination to bring the results of these efforts to effective cooperation include construction of a web platform, network and international conference.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-RISE | Phase: MSCA-RISE-2014 | Award Amount: 630.00K | Year: 2015

The MAT4TREAT project consists in a consortium of 8 Universities, 5 of them European (UNITO, AAU, POLITO, UPV and UOI), and the other three from outside the EU (UNLP, McGill, SU), as well as two non academic institutions (ACEA and LQT). These groups are committed to work in the development of novel materials to be used in innovative integrated water tertiary treatments (to remove, for instance, Emerging Pollutants). This ambitious goal will be achieved by world leading research groups in the following fields: (i) graphene-based and other carbon-related materials, (ii) polymeric materials, (iii) oxidic ceramic materials, and (iv) hybrid inorganic-polymeric materials. The new materials will be used as adsorbents, as photocatalysts and as active layers for the fabrication of membranes, and thus tested for the pollutant removal from model aqueous solutions as well as from real water samples. Furthermore, approaches combining different materials and pollutant abatement technologies will be proposed and a demonstrative lab-bench apparatus for the integrated treatment of wastewaters will be built-up with the support of two European non academic institutions, which will directly participate to the project. Chemometric approach will be followed to optimize both materials production and experimental conditions for analytical purposes. Life Cycle Assessment of new materials and proposed technologies will be performed in order to evaluate their economic and environmental sustainability. For the implementation of the program secondments of ESRs and ERs are scheduled (95 secondments for 142 person-months) together with a diffusion plan to report on the obtained results, not only to the scientific community, but also to stakeholders and non-specialized audience.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: SEC-2012.4.2-2 | Award Amount: 13.14M | Year: 2013

The dynamic capture of situational awareness concerning crowds in specific mass gathering venues and its intelligent enablement into emergency management information systems, using smart communication devices and spaces is critical for achieving rapid, timely guidance and safe evacuation of people out of dangerous areas. Humans could be overwhelmed by fast changes of potentially dangerous incidents occurring at confined environments with mass-gathering. They could fail to make objective decisions to find their way to safety. This condition may lead to mass panic and make emergency management more challenging. In eVACUATE, the intelligent fusion of sensors, geospatial and contextual information, with advanced multi-scale crowd behaviour detection and recognition will be developed. The structured fusion of sensing information with dynamic estimated uncertainties on behaviour predictions will advance eVACUATE crowd dynamic models; and virtual reality simulations of crowds in confined environments. A service oriented Decision-Support System shall be developed to dynamically distribute on-demand evacuation information to emergency management actors as the crisis unfolds. Decision-makers at the command posts, first responders, front-line stewards and volunteers receive real-time situation aware information of updated evacuation strategies using robust and resilient eVACUATE information and communication infrastructure. Smart spaces of electronic, audio and other mobile devices shall be connected to the integrated system to provide safer evacuation routings for people. The eVACUATE system performance and scalability will be validated in five distinct scenarios involving incidents with large crowd at various venues with the requirements of evacuation time reductions and increases of safety and security. These are: 1) Underground stations in Bilbao and 2) Marseille; 3) Real Sociedad Footbal Stadium in San Sebastian, 4) Athens International Airport and 5) a STX Cruiseship.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: GC.NMP.2012-1 | Award Amount: 3.41M | Year: 2012

Electric car is considered as the most promising technical solution for automotive industries in 21st century since the use of electric energy not only slows down the petrol consumption but also contribute to reduce the CO2 emission and toxic air pollutants. Due to its good performance, Li-ion battery is generally studied to meet the above demands. However, it is still not satisfactory for long distance use because of its limited energy density. Therefore Li-air batteries have attracted worldwide attentions as an ideal alternative, because their outstanding energy density is extremely high compared to other rechargeable batteries. In this project, a multidisciplinary work team in materials synthesis and characterization, cell assembly and test will cooperate to perform a joint research to deliver a Li-air battery cell for EVs with high capacity and long cycle life in laboratory scale. This project focuses on innovations of battery anode, cathode, electrolyte materials and technologies, as well as assembly of batteries cells which are crucial on battery performance, cost and environmental impact. Improvement of lifetime and cyclability of Li-air batteries through finding highly active bifunctional catalysts to effectively regenerate batteries, protecting the Li anode from dendrites formation using suitable membranes and obtaining stable electrolyte with additives to render solubility of Li2O2 that blogs on cathode will be studied. Activities will focus especially on 1) optimization of cathode structures; 2) the selection of active catalysts and dehydration membranes; 3) modification of anode structure with necessary protecting layers, additives or surfactants; 4)modification of electrolyte properties. The final aim is to obtain Li-air battery cells with specific capacity of >2000mAh/g and an improvement of cycle life to 100-150 cycles.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: AAT-2007-1.4.01 | Award Amount: 39.99M | Year: 2008

Since the publication of the ACARE goals, the commercial and political pressure to reduce CO2 has increased considerably. DREAM is the response of the aero-engine community to this pressure. The first major DREAM objective is to design, integrate and validate new engine concepts based on open rotor contra-rotating architectures to reduce fuel consumption and CO2 emissions 7% beyond the ACARE 2020 objectives. Open rotors are noisier than equivalent high bypass ratio turbofan engines, therefore it is necessary to provide solutions that will meet noise ICAO certification standards. The second major DREAM objective is a 3dB noise emission reduction per operation point for the engine alone compared to the Year 2000 engine reference. These breakthroughs will be achieved by designing and rig testing: Innovative engine concepts a geared and a direct drive contra-rotating open rotor (unducted propulsion system) Enabling architectures with novel active and passive engine systems to reduce vibrations These technologies will support the development of future open rotor engines but also more traditional ducted turbofan engines. DREAM will also develop specifications for alternative fuels for aero-engines and then characterise, assess and test several potential fuels. This will be followed by a demonstration that the selected fuels can be used in aero-engines. The DREAM technologies will then be integrated and the engine concepts together with alternative fuels usage assessed through an enhanced version of the TERA tool developed in VITAL and NEWAC. DREAM is led by Rolls-Royce and is made of 47 partners from 13 countries, providing the best expertise and capability from the EU aeronautics industry and Russia. DREAM will mature technologies that offer the potential to go beyond the ACARE objectives for SFC, achieving a TRL of 4-5. These technologies are candidates to be brought to a higher TRL level within the scope of the CLEAN SKY JTI.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SST.2010.5.2-1. | Award Amount: 3.85M | Year: 2010

ACEM-Rail project deals with automation and optimisation of railway infrastructure maintenance. It focuses on the track. The final goal is to reduce costs, time and resources required for maintenance activities and increase the availability of the infrastructure. The project includes both conventional and high speed lines. ACEM-Rail project will mean an important step forward in railway infrastructure maintenance techniques for the following reasons: Several technologies for automated and cost effective inspection of the track (subgrade and superstructure) condition will be developed and prototypes will be manufactured. These technologies will be applicable both to conventional and high speed lines. Predictive algorithms will be developed to estimate the rail defects evolution. Algorithms will be developed for an optimal planning of railway infrastructure maintenance tasks. For the moment, there are not appropriate optimisation models for the integrated scheduling of preventive and corrective operations. Modes and tools will be developed in order to monitor the proper execution of corrective and preventive maintenance tasks. These technologies will be applied in mobile (hand.held) computers. This way execution and monitoring of maintenance tasks will be automated and optimized. A novel technology based on intelligent systems will be developed for the optimal management of all the subsystems in the whole railway infrastructure system. A classification of all the different subsystem together with the selection of most relevant parameters will be carried out. The main benefits of the project are: (i) reduction of cost, (ii) increase in safety, quality and reliability of the service, (iii) increase of rail freight transport and, as a consequence, (iv) reduction in CO2 emissions.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: JTI-CP-FCH | Phase: SP1-JTI-FCH.2011.3.7 | Award Amount: 52.35M | Year: 2012

ene.field will deploy up to 1,000 residential fuel cell Combined Heat and Power (micro-CHP) installations, across 11 key Member States. It represents a step change in the volume of fuel cell micro-CHP (micro FC-CHP) deployment in Europe and a meaningful step towards commercialisation of the technology. The programme brings together 9 mature European micro FC-CHP manufacturers into a common analysis framework to deliver trials across all of the available fuel cell CHP technologies. Fuel cell micro-CHP trials will be installed and actively monitored in dwellings across the range of European domestic heating markets, dwelling types and climatic zones, which will lead to an invaluable dataset on domestic energy consumption and micro-CHP applicability across Europe. By learning the practicalities of installing and supporting a fleet of fuel cells with real customers, ene.field partners will take the final step before they can begin commercial roll-out. An increase in volume deployment for the manufacturers involved will stimulate cost reduction of the technology by enabling a move from hand-built products towards serial production and tooling. The ene.field project also brings together over 30 utilities, housing providers and municipalities to bring the products to market and explore different business models for micro-CHP deployment. The data produced by ene.field will be used to provide a fact base for micro FC-CHP, including a definitive environmental lifecycle assessment and cost assessment on a total cost of ownership basis. To inform clear national strategies on micro-CHP within Member States, ene.field will establish the macro-economics and CO2 savings of the technologies in their target markets and make recommendations on the most appropriate policy mechanisms to support the commercialisation of domestic micro-CHP across Europe. Finally ene.field will assess the socio-economic barriers to widespread deployment of micro-CHP and disseminate clear position papers and advice for policy makers to encourage further roll out.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENERGY.2008.8.1.1 | Award Amount: 3.76M | Year: 2009

Low temperature heat recovery is often limiting the energy efficiency of industrial processes. Low temperature differences imply large exchange surfaces which are unfeasible from the economic (expensive metal are needed to withstand the presence of condensates) and technical (too large volumes for the specific application contexts) viewpoints. The present project aims at developing nanofilled-polymer-based heat exchangers enabling: i) effective heat conductivity due to the percolation network of carbon or metal fillers; ii) cost reduction compared to metal materials (stainless steel, Cu-alloys,); iii) design flexibility for an intensive volume exploitation; iv) superior corrosion resistance; v) promotion of the highly effective drop condensation with hydrophobic polymers. Three main application areas are devised: 1. Intercoolers increasing the efficiency of large diesel engines, where heat conductive plastics can provide a cheaper alternative to Cu-alloys when seawater is used as the cooling media (e.g. large naval engines or power plants close to sea side). 2. Heat recovery systems from combustion flue gases acting below 300C, where commercial metal-based systems loose cost-effectiveness. 3. Application in the chemical and process industries where harsh chemicals or corrosive environments have to be faced. The project is divided into three main work lines: i) development of compounds in which a range of polymers (nylon, PET,) and fillers (carbon fibres, carbon nanotubes, metal coated nanoparticles, ) will be considered; ii) tailoring of plastic forming techniques (injection moulding, pressing, extrusion); iii) manufacturing & testing of up to two proof-of-concept heat exchangers. The partnership includes two Universities (POLITO-I, TUBAF-D), two research centres (CEA-F, PISAS-SK), three SMEs (Astrarefrigeranti-I, Nanocyl-B, Starom-RO) and two large companies (Simona-D, SGL Carbon-D) selected for their specific expertise to undertake the above challenges.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-IRSES | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2010-IRSES | Award Amount: 139.10K | Year: 2012

Next generation of aerodynamically efficient slender and flexible aircraft wings used in composite civil aircrafts and unconventional configurations, such as High Altitude Long Endurance HALE-UAV, require extremely lightweight structural components capable of carrying considerable amount of non-structural weight. With the increased slenderness and flexibility, possible with the advent of advanced composites, these wings can exhibit aeroelastic instabilities quite different from their rigid counterparts. Consequently, one has to deal with phenomena not usually considered in classical aircraft design. Alternative design criteria are needed in order to maintain the safety levels imposed by the regulations and required for certification. The study of the nonlinear aeroservoelastic behaviour of these aircrafts is extremely complex and requires the integration of a variety of disciplines including solid mechanics, fluid mechanics, and controls. Only by integrating these disciplines is possible to develop a comprehensive model truly representative of the aircraft dynamics and its aeroservoelastic behaviour. The A2-Net-Team project aims to build a multi-disciplinary network of researchers with complementary expertise to develop analytical methods used for a better understanding and assessment of the factors contributing to the occurrence of critical aeroservoelastic instabilities. The test article will also provide the opportunity to modify and calibrate theoretical models, with the goal of showing the effect of theoretical approximation and their limits, and the necessity of model modifications and future investigations. A theoretical and experimental database will be created to describe the aeroelastic impacts and results from the programme. Future plans for aeroservoelastic testing will be also proposed and lesson learned during this projects will be instrumental for these studies.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-CSA | Phase: Fission-2013-2.3.1 | Award Amount: 8.65M | Year: 2013

The European Energy Research Alliance, set-up under the European Strategic Energy Technology Plan, has launched an initiative for a Joint Programme on Nuclear Materials (JPNM). The JPNM aims at establishing key priorities in the area of advanced nuclear materials, identifying funding opportunities and harmonizing this scientific & technical domain at the European level by maximizing complementarities and synergies with the major actors of the field. The JPNM partners propose, through MatISSE, a combination of Collaborative Projects and Coordination and Support Actions to face the challenge of implementing a pan-European integrated research programme with common research activities establishing, at the same time, appropriate strategy and governance structure. Focusing on cross-cutting activities related to materials used in fuel and structural elements of safe and sustainable advanced nuclear systems, the project aims at covering the key priorities identified in the JPNM: pre-normative research in support of ESNII systems, Oxide Dispersed Strengthened steels, refractory composites for the high temperature applications, development of predictive capacities. MatISSE will foster the link between the respective national research programmes through networking and integrating activities on material innovations for advanced nuclear systems, sharing partners best practices and setting-up efficient communication tools. It is expected that, through MatISSE, a real boost toward Joint Programming among the Member States, the European Commission and the main European research actors, will be achieved.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: MG-6.2-2014 | Award Amount: 7.55M | Year: 2015

SYNCHRO-NET will demonstrate how a powerful and innovative SYNCHRO-modal supply chain eco-NET can catalyse the uptake of the slow steaming concept and synchro-modality, guaranteeing cost-effective robust solutions that de-stress the supply chain to reduce emissions and costs for logistics operations while simultaneously increasing reliability and service levels for logistics users. The core of the SYNCHRO-NET solution will be an integrated optimisation and simulation eco-net, incorporating: real-time synchro-modal logistics optimisation (e-Freight-enabled); slow steaming ship simulation & control systems; synchro-modal risk/benefit analysis statistical modelling; dynamic stakeholder impact assessment solution; and a synchro-operability communications and governance architecture. Perhaps the most important output of SYNCHRO-NET will be the demonstration that slow steaming, coupled with synchro-modal logistics optimisation delivers amazing benefits to all stakeholders in the supply chain: massive reduction in emissions for shipping and land-based transport due to modal shift to greener modes AND optimised planning processes leading to reduced empty kms for trucks and fewer wasted repositioning movements. This will lead to lower costs for ALL stakeholders shipping companies and logistics operators will benefit from massive reduction in fuel usage, faster turnaround times in ports & terminals and increased resource utilisation/efficiency. Customers and end users will have greater control of their supply chain, leading to more reliable replenishment activity and therefore reduced safety stocks and expensive warehousing. Authorities and governmental organisations will benefit from a smoother, more controlled flow of goods through busy terminals, and reduction of congestion on major roads, thus maximising the utilisation of current infrastructure and making the resourcing of vital activities such as import/export control, policing and border security less costly.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: NMP-2007-2.1-2 | Award Amount: 4.74M | Year: 2008

The project aims at the development of a new type of coatings based on Complex Metallic Alloys (CMA). This is a family of ternary and quaternary alloys which exhibit unexpected properties. The CMAs Al61.5Cu25.3Fe12.2 B1 and Al59.5Cu25.3Fe12.2 B3 consist only of metals, which show not metallic- but ceramic-like behaviour. Moreover, the bulk versions of these quasicrystals have proven outstanding properties as extremely low surface energy (wetting) and highest fretting wear resistance. The CMA AlMgB14 is known to be the hardest material after diamond. However, until now these outstanding properties could not be realised as coatings. First trials to develop coating processes were not successful, but showed reasonable concepts to solve the problems. The appliCMA project will focus on the development of PVD deposited coatings based on these three well-specified compositions. Following the mentioned outstanding properties of the three CMAs, the project is driven by applications for which they offer a remarkable step forward: tools for cutting, forming, extrusion dies, moulds for injection moulding, coated cookers oven for less sticking, fretting resistant coatings for aeroplanes, but also coatings of stamps for Nano-Imprint-Technology (NIL). The project includes 9 researchers and 8 industries (including SME) in 8 member and associated state of the EU. They will deal with the fine tailoring of coatings and the processing of surface layers by PVD processes. Measurements of the micro/nano topography, electronic structure, phase transformations, microstructure and adhesion of the CMA coatings will be realized. The project will start with lab samples tested in lab facilities and will end with demonstrators tested in application related tests by end users. The project studies also fundamental mechanisms of the phase transitions in the manufacturing process of the targeted coatings, friction on these materials and simulation of friction in the forming applications.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: PEOPLE-2007-1-1-ITN | Award Amount: 3.68M | Year: 2008

The aim of the proposed training network is to provide dedicated research training in the emerging field of vehicle concept modelling for up-front pre-CAD functional performance engineering, bridging between industry and academia across Europe. The research area is of highly strategic importance to European automotive OEMs, who must launch products on an ever shorter time frame, at increased quality of multiple performance attributes. When simulation results become available in an early design stage, problems can already be solved before the first detailed CAD model is created, which will increase the quality of the first detailed simulation models and reduce the time to market. Moreover, early what-if studies can be performed to balance and optimize possibly conflicting performance attributes (safety, NVH, dynamics, durability ...) at an increased feasibility and at reduced costs. Novel methods will be developed to address this industrial need for a novel engineering process in which analysis leads the design. Applications will be worked out across partners and application fields, fully embedded in the vehicle industry context. Apart from benefits to researchers, partners and supervisors (OEMs and other industry), the proposed project will strengthen the competitive position of the European vehicle industry in the increasingly global market.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SSH.2013.7.1-1 | Award Amount: 2.98M | Year: 2014

The project POst-CArbon CIties of TOmorrow foresight for sustainable pathways towards liveable, affordable and prospering cities in a world context (POCACITO) will develop an evidence-based 2050 roadmap for EU post-carbon cities. POCACITO facilitates the transition of EU cities to a forecasted sustainable or post-carbon economic model. The project focuses on towns, cities, megacities, metropolitan areas and urban clusters larger than 1 million people as well as small and medium-sized cities. POCACITOs approach uses participatory scenario development as a mutual learning and living lab environment strategy. The project recognises that post-carbon city transitions should improve urban resilience to fluctuating environmental and socio-economic pressure. Pressure in this context includes long-term changes in urban resident demographics, city and rural migration patterns, and potential city health concerns. Further, POCACITO develops innovative long-term outlooks for European post-carbon cities to address climate adaptation and urban environmental metabolism concerns by using a participatory city case study approach. Case study cities include Barcelona, Copenhagen/Malm, Istanbul, Lisbon, Litomerice, Milan/Turin, Offenburg and Zagreb. These cities will develop qualitative post-carbon visions with local stakeholders. Visions will be chosen based on selected best-practice measures and preliminary city assessments. Accompanying studies will yield a typology of post-carbon cities and a post-carbon city index. A marketplace of ideas will spread best practices from other EU cities and global cities in global emerging nations, allowing an international exchange of urban best practices. Related research will produce case study city roadmaps and an evidence-based 2050 roadmap for post-carbon EU cities within a global context. The projects research supports the sustainable development objective of the Europe 2020 strategy and the Innovation Union flagship initiative.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: REGIONS-2011-1 | Award Amount: 2.95M | Year: 2011

The SAGE network of regional research driven clusters will facilitate an increasing pace of innovation within the major European growth market for innovative road vehicles for passengers and goods. The science and technology Scope of SAGE is innovative road vehicles for passenger and goods transport. The main technology drivers for the research driven clusters of SAGE are safety for drivers, passengers and other road users; greening of road transport; and usability, in terms of affordability, functionality, and attractiveness. The goal is to strengthen European competitiveness in the road vehicles sector. To achieve this, the project work will address five key objectives: 1. Assess the current and future capacity of Europes most important regional research driven clusters; 2. Assemble a portfolio of best practices as regards the key aspects of cluster management and regional R&I policy deployment; 3. Ensure that all European regions with a potential to contribute can do so; 4. Development of a common SAGE agenda with long and short term goals for innovation, research and education; and 5. Integrate an innovation and IP management system consortium-wide to enable efficient and reliable knowledge exchange. The automotive industry is a major economic driver in all the participating and the potential growth in jobs and GDP from this is significant. SAGE will enhance the efficiency of European innovation in the road vehicles sector and promote a faster response to consumer and societal demand for safe and green transportation. SAGE has been developed as a complementary consortium comprising different types of clustering modalities. It will yield very tangible output as regards the inclusion of more regions into the research driven automotive industry, primarily through the Warsaw region, where a knowledge-cluster on electric-hybrid mobility is being constructed during the spring of 2011.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: JTI-CP-ARTEMIS | Phase: SP1-JTI-ARTEMIS-2011-1 | Award Amount: 18.93M | Year: 2012

New safety standards, such as ISO 26262, present a challenge for companies producing safety-relevant embedded systems. Safety verification today is often ad-hoc and manual; it is done differently for digital and analogue, hardware and software. The VeTeSS project will develop standardized tools and methods for verification of the robustness of safety-relevant systems, particularly against transient common-cause faults. Bringing together partners from every part of the supply chain, VeTeSS will develop automated, quantitative processes usable at all stages of development. These will provide standardized data from verification for safety standards qualification. Development costs and time to market will be reduced, even with the increasing complexity of embedded systems and software. European industry will benefit from vendors being able to supply standard components for multiple applications, rather than products designed to a specific customers requirements. To test these as safety elements out of context, assumptions must be made about the environment in which they will be used. A standardized, evidence-based verification process will enable this reuse of components in different applications. The focus of VeTeSS is the strategically important automotive market. There are other industries with similar requirements and we will actively engage with those to share knowledge and disseminate results. The proposed developments are relevant to conventional vehicles as well as to new electric/hybrid vehicles. The safety of the latter needs to be proven to allow wider adoption, which will in turn be an important contribution to carbon emissions reduction. The results of the project will improve the competitiveness of the European embedded hardware and software industry. It will improve the safety, quality and reliability of products and enabling innovative technologies to increase road user safety. It will also benefit society by reducing accidents and related costs. 1. Approved by ARTEMIS-JU on 22/02/2012. 2. Updates approved for JUGA amendment No.1 by ARTEMIS-JU on 29/04/2013 3. Updates approved for JUGA amendment No.2 by ARTEMIS-JU on 8 May 2014, finally approved by ECSEL-JU on 21/11/2014

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: Fission-2009-7.0.4 | Award Amount: 1.86M | Year: 2010

An innovative molten salt reactor concept, the MSFR (Molten Salt Fast Reactor) is developed by CNRS (France) since 2004. Based on the particularity of using a liquid fuel, this concept is derived from the American molten salt reactors (included the demonstrator MSRE) developed in the 1960s. The major drawbacks of these designs were (1) a short lifetime of the graphite blocks, (2) a reactor fuelled with 233U, not a natural fissile isotope, (3) a salt constituted of a high chemical toxic element: BeF2, and (4) a fuel reprocessing flux of 4000 liters per day required reaching a high breeding gain. However, this concept is retained by the Generation IV initiative, taking advantages of using a liquid fuel which allows more manageable on-line core control and reprocessing, fuel cycle flexibility (U or Th) and minimization of radiotoxic nuclear wastes. In MSFR, MSR concept has been revisited by removing graphite and BeF2. The neutron spectrum is fast and the reprocessing rate strongly reduced down to 40 liters per day to get a positive breeding gain. The reactor is started with 233U or with a Pu and minor actinides (MA) mixture from PWR spent fuel. The MA consumption with burn-up demonstrates the burner capability of MSFR. The objective of this project is to propose a design of MSFR in 2012 given the best system configuration issued from physical, chemical and material studies, for the reactor core, the reprocessing unit and the wastes conditioning. By this way, demonstration that MSFR can satisfy the goals of Gen IV, in terms of sustainability (Th breeder), non proliferation (integrated fuel cycle, multi-recycling of actinides), resources (close U/Th fuel cycle, no uranium enrichment), safety (no reactivity reserve, strongly negative feedback coefficient) and waste management (actinide burner) will be done

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.6.2 | Award Amount: 3.83M | Year: 2011

While many cities in Europe and in the world have issued climate change policies and set targets for reduction of CO2 emissions, their implementation in urban planning practice remains a major challenge. Devising effective decision systems which support CO2 emissions reduction demands a systems approach which enables different actors -policy makers, planners, engineers, consultants, and inhabitants- to correlate a diversity of problems, spanning across distinct domains and geographic scales. The technological approach of SEMANCO is based on the integration of energy related open data structured according to standards, semantically modeled and interoperable with a set of tools for visualizing, simulating and analyzing the multiple interrelationships between factors determining CO2 production. A Semantic Energy Information Framework (SEIF) will be developed to model the energy-related knowledge planners and decision makers need. The tools interoperating with the framework will support systems innovation and include available technologies, enhancements to existing open source platforms, and new technological solutions. SEMANCO will carry out an analysis requirements to support the application of the tools by the different stakeholders involved in energy related urban planning. The development of the tools and methods will be informed by three case study scenarios in Spain, UK and Denmark which will cover three geographical scales -neighbourhood, municipal and regional- including both existing and new urban areas. The case studies will identify the relevant indicators and the interrelationship between factors contributing to CO2 production in the analyzed urban areas. Based on this analysis, tools and methods will be developed as the project progress. Their application within the cases of study will demonstrate quantifiable and significant reduction of energy consumption and CO2 emissions achieved through ICT and will make it possible to assess their social impact.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-CSA-Infra | Phase: INFRA-2012-1.1.24. | Award Amount: 23.40M | Year: 2013

Research accelerators are facing important challenges that must be addressed in the years to come: existing infrastructures are stretched to all performance frontiers, new world-class facilities on the ESFRI roadmap are starting or nearing completion, and strategic decisions are needed for future accelerators and major upgrades in Europe. While current projects concentrate on their specific objectives, EuCARD-2 brings a global view to accelerator research, coordinating a consortium of 40 accelerator laboratories, technology institutes, universities and industry to jointly address common challenges. By promoting complementary expertise, cross-disciplinary fertilisation and a wider sharing of knowledge and technologies throughout academia and with industry, EuCARD-2 significantly enhances multidisciplinary R&D for European accelerators. This new project will actively contribute to the development of a European Research Area in accelerator science by effectively implementing a distributed accelerator laboratory in Europe. Transnational access will be granted to state-of-the-art test facilities, and joint R&D effort will build upon and exceed that of the ongoing EuCARD project. Researchers will concentrate on a few well-focused themes with very ambitious deliverables: 20 T accelerator magnets, innovative materials for collimation of extreme beams, new high-gradient high-efficiency accelerating systems, and emerging acceleration technologies based on lasers and plasmas. EuCARD-2 will include six networks on strategic topics to reinforce synergies between communities active at all frontiers, extending the scope towards innovation and societal applications. The networks concentrate on extreme beam performance, novel accelerator concepts with outstanding potential, energy efficiency and accelerator applications in the fields of medicine, industry, environment and energy. One network will oversee the whole project to proactively catalyze links to industry and the innovation potential.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: AAT.2012.1.4-2. | Award Amount: 30.14M | Year: 2012

Future aero engines will need to be more efficient and contribute to the reduction on environmental impact of air transportation. They must reach some standards of performance by reducing emissions and creating some savings on operation costs. EIMG consortium has launched since several years some initiatives to develop future engines in the frame of the European Committee research programmes. Within different project such as DREAM, VITAL, NEWAC or LEMCOTEC, EIMG is ensuring the development of innovative technologies in order to further reduce the fuel burn, emissions and noise. In order to ensure the technological breakthrough, future aero-engines will have higher overall pressure ratios (OPR) to increase thermal efficiency and will have higher bypass ratios (BPR) to increase propulsive efficiency. These lead to smaller and hotter high pressure cores. As core engine technologies have been addressed in the previous project, E-BREAK project will ensure the mandatory evolution of sub-systems. It is indeed required for enabling integration of engine with new core technologies to develop adequate technologies for sub-systems. E-BREAK will aim to adapt sub-systems to new constraints of temperature and pressure. The overall picture of these initiatives bring all technology bricks to a TRL level ensuring the possibility to integrate them in a new aero engines generation before 2020. In its 2020 vision, ACARE aims to reduce by 50% per passenger kilometer CO2 emissions with an engine contribution targeting a decrease by 15 to 20% of the SFC. NOX emissions would have to be reduced by 80 % and efforts need to be made on other emissions. E-BREAK will be an enabler of the future UHOPR integrated engine development, completing efforts done in previous or in on-going Level 2 programs.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.1.4 | Award Amount: 11.27M | Year: 2010

Future Internet (FI) applications will see dynamic compositions of services providing a broad diversity of functions, starting with business functionality down to infrastructure services. Their progress crucially depends on the service providers ability to deal with two interdependent challenges: (1) to achieve, maintain and prove compliance with security requirements stemming from internal needs, 3rd party demands and international regulations and (2) to cost-efficiently manage policies and security configuration in operating conditions.\nThe deficiencies of current processes and tools force service providers to trade off profitability against security and compliance. Major causes are (1) ignorance or manual resolution of policy and configuration dependencies, caused by distinct terminologies and languages of security domains, and the complexity of large-scale distributed systems, (2) constant evolution of requirements and regulations as well as service compositions and configurations, and (3) the number of stakeholders involved in security management and requirement definition.\nPoSecCo overcomes this by establishing a traceable and sustainable link between high-level requirements and low-level configuration settings. Operations will be supported by self-managed features and decision support systems. Substantial improvements are expected in the areas of policy modeling and conflict detection across architectural layers, decision support for policy refinement processes, policy and configuration change management including validation, remediation and audit support, and security management processes in FI application scenarios. PoSecCo addresses the economic viability of the chosen approach by assessing cost and organizational benefits of an improved policy and configuration management.\nPoSecCo continues other EC projects, especially DESEREC, POSITIF, and MASTER, and adopts existing industry-standards for change management and audit to ensure its impact.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: SiS.2013.1.3.3-1 | Award Amount: 2.26M | Year: 2014

PASTEUR4OA will support the aim of encouraging the development of matching policies on open access and open data in the European Union according to the European Commissions recent Recommendation onAccess to and preservation of scientific information (July 2012) and in view of maximizing alignment with the Horizon 2020 policy on access to the research funded by the Commission. The project will help develop and/or reinforce open access strategies and policies at the national level and facilitate their coordination among all Member States. It will build a network of centres of expertise in Member States that will develop a coordinated and collaborative programme of activities in support of policymaking at the national level under the direction of project partners. The project will build on an already existing project, Mediterranean Open Access Network (MedOANet) capitalizing on its work and an already established network within Mediterranean Europe. Further, it will take advantage of the experience and extensive networks of organizations such as EOS (Enabling Open Scholarship), JISC (Joint Information Systems Committee), SparcEUROPE, LIBER (Association of European Research Libraries), EIFL, as well as prominent funding organizations that participate in the consortium, to secure a European-wide engagement of bodies of authority of the Member States with the projects aims and extend its impact beyond Member States to neighbouring Accession States. More specifically, PASTEUR4OA will engage key national policy-makers, namely funders and research institution officials with decision-making power, in order to help them in improving and/or developing coordinated policies on open access in line with the Commissions recommendations and Horizon 2020 policies. The project will map current policies and their effectiveness to those key-policy makers and bring them together in four regional meetings, as well as the projects final meeting. It will encourage systematic exchange of model policies and best practices to achieve consistency across Member States in terms of Open Access policy and will produce briefing papers and other advocacy materials appropriate for policy-makers to be distributed in all countries and translated in as many languages as possible.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: COMPET-10-2014 | Award Amount: 2.06M | Year: 2015

The Youth for Space Challenge - ODYSSEUS II project aims to inspire young people from all over Europe and to engage them in space exploration, through a series of educational activities, which will combine scientific learning with hands-on experiences. Through the organization of a fun oriented educational contest, which will be organized in multi rounds and which will target all pupils and students in Europe, wherever they are living and irrespective of their cultural background and the language they speak, the project will foster the development of qualified scientists, engineers and technicians in areas relevant to the priorities of the EU space policy. Besides the objective of providing the Space challenge to young people, the Odysseus II project will also strive to foster international collaboration and to attract attention to the field of science education related to space exploration. In this respect, the objective of the project is to involve national educational authorities and to engage with space industries and many science centres and space agencies across Europe on the exchange of experiences and knowledge on learning programmes about space exploration. Participation in the Odysseus II contest will be used as a good benchmark and indicator of how well space science and technology is accepted and integrated into the curriculum of different educational systems across the EU. Since educational competitions in general enjoy broader acceptance, the Odysseus II contest will also provide the opportunity to space industry and national educational authorities to show their support to educational activities related to space.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: MG-1.6-2014 | Award Amount: 673.32K | Year: 2014

The proposed action is expected to contribute to better meeting the needs of the aerospace sector for highly skilled workforce and to enhance the mobility of aerospace students and professionals across Europe. Taking into consideration the complex skills needed by the aerospace sector, the action will develop the required learning outcomes and competence profiles for aero-engineering curricula and propose the aerospace specific accreditation criteria that would complement the existing European, national or regional accreditation systems for engineering education. The action will be developed in three distinct phases. The first phase is a conception phase. The learning outcomes and procedures will be defined looking at current practices and involving the main stakeholders of the higher education chain, from Universities to Industries and Research Establishments. The result should be a staged accreditation system, thereby gradually enhancing the quality level of the higher education degrees. The second phase is an implementation phase. The identified processes are tested on 6 aerospace curricula, from different EU countries. The third phase is a refinement phase. The results of the testing phase are compared to the expectations and the processes are updated taking into consideration the lessons learned from the testing phase. Suggestions for harmonizing the curricula and simultaneously developing knowledge and emerging technologies as well as facilitating students exchanges across the EU will be proposed. In parallel to the three phases, a dissemination and outreach activity is implemented to diffuse the culture of best practices among the EU higher education courses in the area of aerospace engineering and attract talented students to such studies. The consortium members include representatives of aerospace industry, research establishments and education institutions, participating in the major existing EU networks such as PEGASUS, EASN, ENAEE, EREA and EACP.

News Article | February 12, 2017
Site: www.techtimes.com

When it comes to ancient Egyptian history, the young King Tutankhamun is likely to be one of the most mysterious pharaohs. Rumors surrounding his life, death, and legacy continue to swirl. Now, researchers may unlock yet another answer to one mysterious question. Are there hidden chambers in King Tut's tomb? After much debate, a team from Polytechnic University of Turin will conduct the investigation using advanced technology by the end of the year. The tedious task will possibly last for days or even weeks, and will likely use different radars to ensure accuracy. The investigation is merely a part of a long-term project that aims to completely map the ancient burial site of Egypt's pharaohs, the Valley of The Kings. By using ground penetrating radars and instruments that could scan up to depths of 32 feet, researchers are hoping to find information on whether or not there are indeed secret chambers in King Tut's tomb. As for now, researchers plan to do a preliminary survey of the tomb by the end of the month. This is the third investigation to be conducted on the tomb in the last two years. Investigation on the over 3,000 year old burial site ensued after a British Egyptologist voiced his belief in 2015 that there are hidden chambers within King Tut's tomb that could house treasures or even the elusive tomb of Queen Nefertiti. This claim led to investigations that led to contradicting results and even a heated debate at the Second Annual Tutankhamun Grand Egyptian Museum Conference in Cairo. In the initial investigation, a team led by Hirokatsu Watanabe, a Japanese radar specialist, scanned the tomb and came out with staggering results. Their scans sensed metallic and organic objects behind the walls, possibly from a hidden chamber. Soon after, Mamdouh Eldamaty, the minister of antiquities at the time, stated his certainty about a hidden chamber behind the north wall. However, a second scan led by engineer Eric Berkenpas of National Geographic came up with contradicting results — no sign of a secret chamber. The third and possibly last scan to be made this year could finally answer many questions surrounding the young ruler's tomb. Some experts believe that, due to his untimely death at the age of 19, his remains were hurriedly buried in a tomb that wasn't even originally his but for his stepmother Nefertiti, who died 10 years before he did. Whether this is true, we could possibly know by the end of the year. © 2017 Tech Times, All rights reserved. Do not reproduce without permission.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: ICT-31-2014 | Award Amount: 999.75K | Year: 2015

The RRI-ICT Forum proposal aims at monitoring, analyzing, supporting and promoting SSH contribution to, and RRI approach in ICT research and innovation under H2020. The consortium approach is to constitute a team curating the RRI-ICT domain in H2020 without prejudice (not aiming at imposing its own views or agenda, but at facilitating community views and agenda), and empowering other projects and the European Commission (as an active interface between projects and DG Connect). The project intends to reach the highest impact, within its 3-year project period and beyond, through the following activities: Development of a concertation mechanism involving the ICT 31 RIAs, Active interaction with other RRI / SSH project: ICT-related projects developing under the LEIT ICT WP or other pillars of H2020, non ICT-related RRI H2020 projects, RRI-ICT projects outside H2020, Development of an open online community platform devoted to RRI in ICT, Organization of Annual RRI-ICT Forums, multi-faceted and multi-disciplinary events open to research organizations and any stakeholders interested in the RRI-ICT topic, Preparation of Annual RRI-ICT reports synthetizing the information collected through all project activities, analyzing the emergence of RRI in ICT, highlighting success stories, identifying best practices, deriving policy recommendations, etc., Development of a RRI-ICT Forum website and of related social networks, including specific content targeting the public at large, Contribution to conferences and publications, Implementation of measures ensuring the sustainability of project activities, namely of the community platform, the website and the annual forums, beyond the project period. The RRI-ICT Forum consortium is composed of a multi-disciplinary group of complementary organizations, with proven expertise and strong references in the ICT, SSH and RRI domains, and a longstanding experience in developing the types of activities planned in the project.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: ICT-14-2014 | Award Amount: 8.35M | Year: 2015

Mobile data traffic is forecasted to increase 11-fold between 2013 and 2018. 5G networks serving this mobile data tsunami will require fronthaul and backhaul solutions between the RAN and the packet core capable of dealing with this increased traffic load while fulfilling new stringent 5G service requirements in a cost-efficient manner. The 5G-Crosshaul project aims at developing a 5G integrated backhaul and fronthaul transport network enabling a flexible and software-defined reconfiguration of all networking elements in a multi-tenant and service-oriented unified management environment. The 5G-Crosshaul transport network envisioned will consist of high-capacity switches and heterogeneous transmission links (e.g., fibre or wireless optics, high-capacity copper, mmWave) interconnecting Remote Radio Heads, 5GPoAs (e.g., macro and small cells), cloud-processing units (mini data centres), and points-of-presence of the core networks of one or multiple service providers. This transport network will flexibly interconnect distributed 5G radio access and core network functions, hosted on in-network cloud nodes, through the implementation of: (i) a control infrastructure using a unified, abstract network model for control plane integration (5G-Crosshaul Control Infrastructure, XCI); (ii) a unified data plane encompassing innovative high-capacity transmission technologies and novel deterministic-latency switch architectures (5G-Crosshaul Packet Forwarding Element, XFE). Demonstration and validation of the 5G-Crosshaul technology components developed will be integrated into a software-defined flexible and reconfigurable 5G Test-bed in Berlin. Mobility-related 5G-Crosshaul experiments will be performed using Taiwans high-speed trains. 5G-Crosshaul KPI targets evaluated will include among others a 20% network capacity increase, latencies <1 ms and 30% TCO reduction. The 5G-Crosshaul proposal addresses the ICT 14-2014 call of the Horizon 2020 Work Programme 2014-15 with a special focus on the P7 objectives defined by the 5GPPP IA

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-TP | Phase: FoF.NMP.2012-4 | Award Amount: 18.22M | Year: 2013

The overarching goal of AMAZE is to rapidly produce large defect-free additively-manufactured (AM) metallic components up to 2 metres in size, ideally with close to zero waste, for use in the following high-tech sectors namely: aeronautics, space, automotive, nuclear fusion and tooling. Four pilot-scale industrial AM factories will be established and enhanced, thereby giving EU manufacturers and end-users a world-dominant position with respect to AM production of high-value metallic parts, by 2016. A further aim is to achieve 50% cost reduction for finished parts, compared to traditional processing. The project will design, demonstrate and deliver a modular streamlined work-flow at factory level, offering maximum processing flexibility during AM, a major reduction in non-added-value delays, as well as a 50% reduction in shop-floor space compared with conventional factories. AMAZE will dramatically increase the commercial use of adaptronics, in-situ sensing, process feedback, novel post-processing and clean-rooms in AM, so that (i) overall quality levels are improved, (ii) dimensional accuracy is increased by 25% (iii) build rates are increased by a factor of 10, and (iv) industrial scrap rates are slashed to <5%. Scientifically, the critical links between alloy composition, powder/wire production, additive processing, microstructural evolution, defect formation and the final properties of metallic AM parts will be examined and understood. This knowledge will be used to validate multi-level process models that can predict AM processes, part quality and performance. In order to turn additive manufacturing into a mainstream industrial process, a sharp focus will also be drawn on pre-normative work, standardisation and certification, in collaboration with ISO, ASTM and ECSS. The team comprises 31 partners: 21 from industry, 8 from academia and 2 from intergovernmental agencies. This represent the largest and most ambitious team ever assembled on this topic.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: SGA-RIA | Phase: FETFLAGSHIP | Award Amount: 89.00M | Year: 2016

This project is the second in the series of EC-financed parts of the Graphene Flagship. The Graphene Flagship is a 10 year research and innovation endeavour with a total project cost of 1,000,000,000 euros, funded jointly by the European Commission and member states and associated countries. The first part of the Flagship was a 30-month Collaborative Project, Coordination and Support Action (CP-CSA) under the 7th framework program (2013-2016), while this and the following parts are implemented as Core Projects under the Horizon 2020 framework. The mission of the Graphene Flagship is to take graphene and related layered materials from a state of raw potential to a point where they can revolutionise multiple industries. This will bring a new dimension to future technology a faster, thinner, stronger, flexible, and broadband revolution. Our program will put Europe firmly at the heart of the process, with a manifold return on the EU investment, both in terms of technological innovation and economic growth. To realise this vision, we have brought together a larger European consortium with about 150 partners in 23 countries. The partners represent academia, research institutes and industries, which work closely together in 15 technical work packages and five supporting work packages covering the entire value chain from materials to components and systems. As time progresses, the centre of gravity of the Flagship moves towards applications, which is reflected in the increasing importance of the higher - system - levels of the value chain. In this first core project the main focus is on components and initial system level tasks. The first core project is divided into 4 divisions, which in turn comprise 3 to 5 work packages on related topics. A fifth, external division acts as a link to the parts of the Flagship that are funded by the member states and associated countries, or by other funding sources. This creates a collaborative framework for the entire Flagship.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: NMP-22-2015 | Award Amount: 9.40M | Year: 2016

Current technological demands are increasingly stretching the properties of advanced materials to expand their applications to more severe or extreme conditions, whilst simultaneously seeking cost-effective production processes and final products. The aim of this project is to demonstrate the influence of different surface enhancing and modification techniques on CF-based materials for high value and high performance applications. These materials are a route to further exploiting advanced materials, using enabling technologies for additional functionalities, without compromising structural integrity. Carbon fibre (CF) based materials have particular advantages due to their lightweight, good mechanical, electrical and thermal properties. Current generation CFs have extensively been used in a multitude of applications, taking advantage of their valuable properties to provide solutions in complex problems of materials science and technology, however the limits of the current capability has now being reached. MODCOMP aims to develop novel fibre-based materials for technical, high value, high performance products for non-clothing applications at realistic cost, with improved safety and functionality. Demonstrators will be designed to fulfil scalability towards industrial needs . End users from a wide range of industrial sectors (transport, construction, leisure and electronics) will adapt the knowledge gained from the project and test the innovative high added value demonstrators. An in-depth and broad analysis of material development, coupled with related modelling studies, recycling and safety will be conducted in parallel for two types of materials (concepts): CF-based structures with increased functionality (enhanced mechanical, electrical, thermal properties). CNF-based structures for flexible electronics applications. Dedicated multiscale modelling, standardisation and production of reference materials are also considered

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: AAT.2011.4.4-3. | Award Amount: 50.74M | Year: 2011

The project proposal concerns the challenges posed by the physical integration of smart intelligent structural concepts. It addresses aircraft weight and operational cost reductions as well as an improvement in the flight profile specific aerodynamic performance. This concerns material concepts enabling a conformal, controlled distortion of aerodynamically important surfaces, material concepts enabling an active or passive status assessment of specific airframe areas with respect to shape and potential damages and material concepts enabling further functionalities which to date have been unrealizable. Past research has shown the economic feasibility and system maturity of aerodynamic morphing. However, few projects concerned themselves with the challenges arising from the structural integration on commercial aircraft. In particular the skin material and its bonding to the substructure is challenging. It is the aim of this project proposal to demonstrate the structural realizability of individual morphing concepts concerning the leading edge, the trailing edge and the winglet on a full-size external wing by aerodynamic and structural testing. Operational requirements on morphing surfaces necessitate the implementation of an independent, integrated shape sensing system to ensure not only an optimal control of the aerodynamic surface but also failure tolerance and robustness. Developments made for structural health monitoring will be adapted to this task. Similar systems optimized for rapid in-service damage assessment have progressed to a maturity which allows their inclusion in the next generation of aircraft. However, the time consuming application of these sensor systems has to be further improved by integration at the component manufacturing level. The additional benefit of a utilization of these adapted systems for part manufacture process and quality control shall be assessed in SARISTU. Addressing the Nanotechnology aspect of the call, benefits regarding significant damage tolerance and electrical conductivity improvements shall be realized at sub-assembly level.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.2.2 | Award Amount: 25.84M | Year: 2009

The European robotics industry plays a key role in maintaining our continents industrial base. The robotics industry is strong, but fragmented and dispersed. In the future, cutting-edge technology resulting from top-level research will be the decisive factor for success. Europe not only has a powerful robotics industry, but can also boast superb research. By drawing on these resources, ECHORD aims at producing new knowledge through advancing the state of the art in selected research foci and developing novel technology from which new products can be derived. Within ECHORD, opportunities for knowledge advancement and technology transfer between academia and industry will be created across the whole continent. This will be achieved through the solicitation of focused, small-size RTD projects, so-called experiments, which can be rapidly negotiated, funded and executed. Via these experiments, ECHORD will bring about a large-scale introduction of robotic equipment into research institutions. This is expected to result in both tangible and measurable out-comes in terms of the accelerated development of technologies, as well as the deployment of robotics technology into new scenarios for the direct application of research results. For ECHORD, three such scenarios have been defined: human-robot co-working, hyper flexible cells, and cognitive factories. The foremost purpose of the scenarios is to define an environment that is both scientifically challenging to research institutions and commercially relevant to robot manufacturers.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: JTI-CP-ARTEMIS | Phase: SP1-JTI-ARTEMIS-2013-AIPP5 | Award Amount: 93.92M | Year: 2014

Embedded systems are the key innovation driver to improve almost all mechatronic products with cheaper and even new functionalities. Furthermore, they strongly support todays information society as inter-system communication enabler. Consequently boundaries of application domains are alleviated and ad-hoc connections and interoperability play an increasing role. At the same time, multi-core and many-core computing platforms are becoming available on the market and provide a breakthrough for system (and application) integration. A major industrial challenge arises facing (cost) efficient integration of different applications with different levels of safety and security on a single computing platform in an open context. The objective of the EMC project (Embedded multi-core systems for mixed criticality applications in dynamic and changeable real-time environments) is to foster these changes through an innovative and sustainable service-oriented architecture approach for mixed criticality applications in dynamic and changeable real-time environments. The EMC2 project focuses on the industrialization of European research outcomes and builds on the results of previous ARTEMIS, European and National projects. It provides the paradigm shift to a new and sustainable system architecture which is suitable to handle open dynamic systems. EMC is part of the European Embedded Systems industry strategy to maintain its leading edge position by providing solutions for: . Dynamic Adaptability in Open Systems . Utilization of expensive system features only as Service-on-Demand in order to reduce the overall system cost. . Handling of mixed criticality applications under real-time conditions . Scalability and utmost flexibility . Full scale deployment and management of integrated tool chains, through the entire lifecycle Approved by ARTEMIS-JU on 12/12/2013 for EoN. Minor mistakes and typos corrected by the Coordinator, finally approved by ARTEMIS-JU on 24/01/2014. Amendment 1 changes approved by ECSEL-JU on 31/03/2015.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: BSG-SME | Phase: SME-1 | Award Amount: 1.00M | Year: 2008

In Europe, annual fire losses reach 80 billion , meaning more than 1% of EU GDP, 4000 people die and another 80000 suffer terrible burns. The use of fire retarding intumescent coatings play an important role in Fire Safety being this subsector mainly comprised by SMEs. Nowadays, a variety of fire intumescent coatings is available presenting diverse drawbacks such as: poor behaviour when ageing, poor liquid stability, heat blocking and smoke suppressant properties. Intumescent coatings are obtained by high loadings of reactive components which upon burning swell up creating a protective char layer. HEFEST project aims at developing new intumescent paints and varnishes by means of nanocomposite structures and nanofillers (hybrid organic-inorganic systems, carbon nanotubes) obtaining halogen-free flame retardants as active intumescent components reactive from nanoscale, with the following advantages: High durability during service-life (Fire resistance losses< 25% after ETAG 018-part 2 point ageing test) Liquid stability and easy appliance Increased heat blocking and protection of the underlying substrate (FR90) Good fire resistance behaviour in the protection of off-shore constructions (good hydrocarbon curve results) Smoke suppressant properties (30% reduction in gas emission), limitation of spread of fire and smoke within construction works ( ETAG 018) HEFEST counts on a well balanced consortium of 5 SMEs, 2 RTDs and a professional association specialized in organic coatings for the diffusion of the results.. SMEs have in common their conviction on innovation as the best tool to improve their competitiveness in a sector in which big multinationals are ever gaining market share. SMEs partners are complementary and cover the whole project necessities: fire retardants, nanocomposite, resins producers, paint manufacturer and end-users. The RTDs cover the three necessary scientific fields: Coatings, Nanotechnology and resistance to fire.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: NMP.2011.4.0-1 | Award Amount: 17.87M | Year: 2012

The ExoMet proposal revolves around innovative liquid metal engineering and the application of external physical fields, in order to significantly influence the microstructures and properties of light alloys, such as aluminium and magnesium. Three types of external fields will be explored, namely: electromagnetic, ultrasonic and intensive mechanical shearing. To meet the future EU challenges of lightweighting and pollution reduction, especially relevant in transportation, it is necessary to improve the castability of light alloys, to enhance grain and eutectic refinement in monolithic alloys, and to develop new high-strength nanocomposites using nano-reinforcers which have only recently become available. Significant mechanical property improvements are foreseen in ExoMet - including 50% increases in tensile strength and ductility, as well as creep resistance up to 300-350 degC (currently limited to about 200 degC in Al and Mg alloys). This applies to both shape castings and wrought products like extruded profiles, bar, cable, sheet and plate. Manufacturing scale-up will be tackled in ExoMet, using a variety of techniques such as low and high-pressure die casting, sand casting, investment casting, differential-presssure casting, twin-roll casting, ultrasound-assisted casting and twin-shear casting. The application of external fields to these industrial techniques is novel and would bring about major savings in energy, scrap and processing cost. Having developed the field-enabled processes and produced high-quality light alloys and nanocomposites, the next stage of ExoMet will be prototypying and the assessment of industrial applications in four selected commercial sectors: (i) automotive powertrain and chassis, (ii) aircraft and aero-engine structures, (iii) space satellite and rockets, and (iv) high-strength high-conductivity Al electrical cabling. Computer modelling, rig-testing, standardisation, life-cycle analysis and patenting will also be undertaken.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: JTI-CP-ARTEMIS | Phase: SP1-JTI-ARTEMIS-2012-AIPP6;SP1-JTI-ARTEMIS-2012-AIPP4 | Award Amount: 67.54M | Year: 2013

Our society is facing both energy and competitiveness challenges. These challenges are tightly linked and require new dynamic interactions between energy producers and energy consumers, between machines, between systems, between people and systems, etc. Cooperative automation is the key for these dynamic interactions and is enabled by the technology developed around the Internet of Things and Service Oriented Architectures. The objective of the Arrowhead project is to address the technical and applicative challenges associated to cooperative automation: -Provide a technical framework adapted in terms of functions and performances, -Propose solutions for integration with legacy systems, -Implement and evaluate the cooperative automation through real experimentations in applicative domains: electro-mobility, smart buildings, infrastructures and smart cities, industrial production, energy production and energy virtual market, -Point out the accessible innovations thanks to new services, -Lead the way to further standardization work. The strategy adopted in the project has four major dimensions: -An innovation strategy based on business and technology gap analysis paired with a market implementation strategy based on end users priorities and long term technology strategies -Application pilots where technology demonstrations in real working environments will be made -A technology framework enabling collaborative automation and closing innovation critical technology gaps -An innovation coordination methodology for complex innovation orchestration Date of approval by the ECSEL JU: 23/07/2015

Pugno N.M.,Polytechnic University of Turin | Pugno N.M.,National Institute of Nuclear Physics, Italy | Pugno N.M.,National Institute of Metrological Research
Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids | Year: 2010

The study reported in this paper suggests that the influence of the surrounding nanotubes in a bundle is nearly identical to that of a liquid having surface tension equal to the surface energy of the nanotubes. This surprising behaviour is supported by the calculation of the polygonization and especially of the self-collapse diameters, and related dog-bone configurations, of nanotubes in a bundle, in agreement with atomistic simulations and nanoscale experiments. Accordingly, we have evaluated the strength of the nanotube bundle, with or without collapsed nanotubes, assuming a sliding failure: the self-collapse can increase the strength up to a value of about ∼30%, suggesting the design of self-collapsed super-strong nanotube bundles. Other systems, such as peapods and fullerites, can be similarly treated, including the effect of the presence of a liquid, as reported in the appendices. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Ravazzi C.,Polytechnic University of Turin | Frasca P.,University of Twente | Tempo R.,CNR Institute of Electronics, Computer and Telecommunication Engineering | Ishii H.,Tokyo Institute of Technology
IEEE Transactions on Control of Network Systems | Year: 2015

Algorithms and dynamics over networks often involve randomization and randomization can induce oscillating dynamics that fail to converge in a deterministic sense. Under assumptions of independence across time and linearity of the updates, we show that the oscillations are ergodic if the expected dynamics is stable. We apply this result to three problems of network systems, namely, the estimation from relative measurements, the PageRank computation, and the dynamics of opinions in social networks. In these applications, the randomized dynamics is the asynchronous counterpart of a deterministic (stable) synchronous one. By ergodicity, the deterministic limit can be recovered via a time-averaging operation, which can be performed locally by each node of the network. © 2014 IEEE.

Bonforte M.,Autonomous University of Madrid | Grillo G.,Polytechnic University of Turin | Vazquez J.L.,Autonomous University of Madrid
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis | Year: 2010

We consider the asymptotic behaviour of positive solutions u(t, x) of the fast diffusion equation ut=Δ(um/m)=div(um-1∇u) posed for x ∈ ℝd,t > 0, with a precise value for the exponent m = (d - 4)/(d - 2). The space dimension is d ≧ 3 so that m < 1, and even m = -1 for d = 3. This case had been left open in the general study (Blanchet et al. in Arch Rat Mech Anal 191:347-385, 2009) since it requires quite different functional analytic methods, due in particular to the absence of a spectral gap for the operator generating the linearized evolution. The linearization of this flow is interpreted here as the heat flow of the Laplace- Beltrami operator of a suitable Riemannian Manifold (ℝd,g) with a metric g which is conformal to the standard ℝd metric. Studying the pointwise heat kernel behaviour allows to prove suitable Gagliardo-Nirenberg inequalities associated with the generator. Such inequalities in turn allow one to study the nonlinear evolution as well, and to determine its asymptotics, which is identical to the one satisfied by the linearization. In terms of the rescaled representation, which is a nonlinear Fokker-Planck equation, the convergence rate turns out to be polynomial in time. This result is in contrast with the known exponential decay of such representation for all other values of m. © Springer-Verlag 2009.

Nordio A.,CNR Institute of Electronics, Computer and Telecommunication Engineering | Chiasserini C.-F.,Polytechnic University of Turin
IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing | Year: 2011

Environmental monitoring is often performed through wireless sensor networks, by randomly deploying sensor nodes over the geographical region of interest. Sensors sample a physical phenomenon (the so-called field) and send their measurements to a sink, which is in charge of reconstructing the field from such irregular samples. In this work, we focus on scenarios of practical interest where the sensor deployment is unfeasible in certain areas of the geographical region (e.g., due to terrain asperities), and the delivery of sensor measurements to the sink may fail (e.g., due to fading or to transmission collisions among sensors simultaneously accessing the wireless medium). Under these conditions, we carry out an asymptotic analysis and evaluate the quality of the estimation of a field defined over a d-dimensional domain (d≥1) when the sink uses linear filtering as a reconstruction technique. Specifically, given the matrix V representing the sampling system, we let the size of V go to infinity and its aspect ratio have a finite limit bounded away from zero. Then, we provide both the moments and density of the limiting spectral distribution of VV H, in terms of those obtained when the samples collected by the sink correspond to locations that are uniformly distributed over the geographical area. By using such asymptotic results, we approximate the mean square error on the estimated field through the η-transform of VV H, and we derive the sensor network performance under the conditions described above. © 2011 IEEE.

Blengini G.A.,Polytechnic University of Turin | Blengini G.A.,CNR Institute of Environmental Geology and Geoengineering | Di Carlo T.,Polytechnic University of Turin
Energy and Buildings | Year: 2010

A detailed Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) has been conducted on a low energy family house recently built in Northern Italy. The yearly net winter heat requirement is 10 kWh/m2, while the same unit with legal standard insulation would require 110 kWh/m2. As the building was claimed to be sustainable on the basis of its outstanding energy saving performances, an ex post LCA was set up to understand whether, and to what extent, the positive judgement could be confirmed in a life cycle perspective. The dramatic contribution of materials-related impacts emerged. The shell-embedded materials represented the highest relative contribution, but maintenance operations also played a major role. The contributions of plants, building process and transportation were minor. The important role of the recycling potential also emerged. Unlike standard buildings, where heating-related impacts overshadow the rest of the life cycle, there is no single dominating item or aspect. Rather, several of them play equally important roles. The study has confirmed that the initial goal of environmental sustainability was reached, but to a much lower extent than previously thought. In comparison to a standard house, while the winter heat requirement was reduced by a ratio of 10:1, the life cycle energy was only reduced by 2.1:1 and the carbon footprint by 2.2:1. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Novara C.,Polytechnic University of Turin | Ruiz F.,Pontifical Xavierian University | Milanese M.,Modelway Srl
IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control | Year: 2013

Optimal filters for nonlinear systems are in general difficult to derive or implement. The common approach is to use approximate solutions such as extended Kalman filters, ensemble filters or particle filters. However, no optimality properties can be guaranteed by these approximations, and even the stability of the estimation error cannot often be ensured. Another relevant issue is that, in most practical situations, the system whose variables have to be estimated is not known, and a two-step procedure is adopted, based on model identification from data and filter design from the identified model. However, the designed filter may display large performance deteriorations in the case of modeling errors. In this paper, a new approach overcoming these issues is proposed, allowing the design of optimal filters for nonlinear systems in both the cases of known and unknown system. The approach is based on the direct filter design from a set of data generated by the system. Either experimental or simulated data can be used for design. A bound on the number of data necessary to ensure a given filter accuracy is also provided, showing that the proposed approach is not affected by the curse of dimensionality. © 2012 IEEE.

Boano F.,Polytechnic University of Turin | Harvey J.W.,U.S. Geological Survey | Marion A.,University of Padua | Packman A.I.,Northwestern University | And 3 more authors.
Reviews of Geophysics | Year: 2014

Fifty years of hyporheic zone research have shown the important role played by the hyporheic zone as an interface between groundwater and surface waters. However, it is only in the last two decades that what began as an empirical science has become a mechanistic science devoted to modeling studies of the complex fluid dynamical and biogeochemical mechanisms occurring in the hyporheic zone. These efforts have led to the picture of surface-subsurface water interactions as regulators of the form and function of fluvial ecosystems. Rather than being isolated systems, surface water bodies continuously interact with the subsurface. Exploration of hyporheic zone processes has led to a new appreciation of their wide reaching consequences for water quality and stream ecology. Modern research aims toward a unified approach, in which processes occurring in the hyporheic zone are key elements for the appreciation, management, and restoration of the whole river environment. In this unifying context, this review summarizes results from modeling studies and field observations about flow and transport processes in the hyporheic zone and describes the theories proposed in hydrology and fluid dynamics developed to quantitatively model and predict the hyporheic transport of water, heat, and dissolved and suspended compounds from sediment grain scale up to the watershed scale. The implications of these processes for stream biogeochemistry and ecology are also discussed. ©2014. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.

Bianca C.,Polytechnic University of Turin | Ferrara M.,University of Reggio Calabria | Guerrini L.,University of Bologna
Journal of Global Optimization | Year: 2014

Recently the thermostatted kinetic framework has been proposed as mathematical model for studying nonequilibrium complex systems constrained to keep constant the total energy. The time evolution of the distribution function of the system is described by a nonlinear partial integro-differential equation with quadratic type nonlinearity coupled with the Gaussian isokinetic thermostat. This paper is concerned with further developments of this thermostatted framework. Specifically the term related to the Gaussian thermostat is adjusted in order to ensure the conservation of even high-order moments of the distribution function. The derived framework that constitutes a new paradigm for the derivation of specific models in the applied sciences, is analytically investigated. The global in time existence and uniqueness of the solution to the relative Cauchy problem is proved. Existence and moments conservation of stationary solutions are also performed. Suitable applications and research perspectives are outlined in the last section of the paper. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York.

Bellomo N.,Polytechnic University of Turin | Bellouquid A.,Cadi Ayyad University
Networks and Heterogeneous Media | Year: 2011

This paper presents a critical overview on the modeling of crowds and swarms and focuses on a modeling strategy based on the attempt to retain the complexity characteristics of systems under consideration viewed as an assembly of living entities characterized by the ability of expressing heterogeneously distributed strategies. © American Institute of Mathematical Sciences.

Bellouquid A.,Cadi Ayyad University | Bianca C.,Polytechnic University of Turin
Mathematical and Computer Modelling | Year: 2010

This paper deals with the modelling of aggregation and/or fragmentation physical phenomena for large systems of interacting living entities in the framework of the mathematical kinetic theory for active particles. After introducing various mathematical structures in terms of systems of nonlinear integro-differential equations with quadratic type nonlinearities and variable number of equations, the relative qualitative analysis of the initial value problem is presented. Finally, the paper deals with the derivation of macroscopic equations based on the underlying description at the microscopic scale delivered by the kinetic theory models. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.

Giacomelli R.,Polytechnic University of Turin | Ganti R.K.,University of Texas at Austin | Haenggi M.,University of Notre Dame
IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking | Year: 2011

Outage probabilities in wireless networks depend on various factors: the node distribution, the MAC scheme, and the models for path loss, fading, and transmission success. In prior work on outage characterization for networks with randomly placed nodes, most of the emphasis was put on networks whose nodes are Poisson-distributed and where ALOHA is used as the MAC protocol. In this paper, we provide a general framework for the analysis of outage probabilities in the high-reliability regime. The outage probability characterization is based on two parameters: the intrinsic spatial contention γ of the network, introduced by Haenggi in a previous work, and the coordination level achieved by the MAC as measured by the interference scaling exponent κ introduced in this paper. We study outage probabilities under the signal-to-interference ratio (SIR) model, Rayleigh fading, and power-law path loss and explain how the two parameters depend on the network model. The main result is that the outage probability approaches γκ as the density of interferers goes to zero, and that κ assumes values in the range 1 for all practical MAC protocols, where α is the path-loss exponent. This asymptotic expression is valid for all motion-invariant point processes. We suggest a novel and complete taxonomy of MAC protocols based mainly on the value of κ. Finally, our findings suggest a conjecture that bounds the outage probability for all interferer densities. © 2011 IEEE.

Cambini C.,Polytechnic University of Turin | Silvestri V.,European University Institute
Information Economics and Policy | Year: 2012

A vertically integrated incumbent and an OLO (Other Licensed Operator) compete in the market for broadband access. The incumbent has the option to invest in building a Next Generation Network that covers all urban areas with similar demand structures. The investment return in terms of demand increase is uncertain. We compare the impact of different access regulation regimes - full regulation, partial regulation (only the copper network is regulated), risk sharing - on investment incentives and social welfare. We find that, when the alternative for the OLO is using the copper network rather than leaving the market entirely, exclusion of the OLO does not necessarily happen in equilibrium even when the incumbent is better in offering value-added services. Risk sharing emerges as the most preferable regime both from a consumer and a social welfare perspective for a large range of parameters. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.

Calafiore G.C.,Polytechnic University of Turin | Dabbene F.,CNR Institute of Electronics, Computer and Telecommunication Engineering | Tempo R.,CNR Institute of Electronics, Computer and Telecommunication Engineering
Automatica | Year: 2011

A novel approach based on probability and randomization has emerged to synergize with the standard deterministic methods for control of systems with uncertainty. The main objective of this paper is to provide a broad perspective on this area of research known as "probabilistic robust control", and to address in a systematic manner recent advances. The focal point is on design methods, based on the interplay between uncertainty randomization and convex optimization, and on the illustration of specific control applications. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Lin J.,New York University | Gueudre T.,Polytechnic University of Turin | Rosso A.,University Paris - Sud | Wyart M.,Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne
Physical Review Letters | Year: 2015

Failure of amorphous solids is fundamental to various phenomena, including landslides and earthquakes. Recent experiments indicate that highly plastic regions form elongated structures that are especially apparent near the maximal shear stress Σmax where failure occurs. This observation suggested that Σmax acts as a critical point where the length scale of those structures diverges, possibly causing macroscopic transient shear bands. Here, we argue instead that the entire solid phase (Σ<Σmax) is critical, that plasticity always involves system-spanning events, and that their magnitude diverges at Σmax independently of the presence of shear bands. We relate the statistics and fractal properties of these rearrangements to an exponent θ that captures the stability of the material, which is observed to vary continuously with stress, and we confirm our predictions in elastoplastic models. © 2015 American Physical Society.

McGill K.C.,VA Palo Alto Health Care System | Marateb H.R.,Polytechnic University of Turin
IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering | Year: 2011

If electromyography (EMG) decomposition is to be a useful tool for scientific investigation, it is essential to know that the results are accurate. Because of background noise, waveform variability, motor-unit action potential (MUAP) indistinguishability, and perplexing superpositions, accuracy assessment is not straightforward. This paper presents a rigorous statistical method for assessing decomposition accuracy based only on evidence from the signal itself. The method uses statistical decision theory in a Bayesian framework to integrate all the shape- and firing-time-related information in the signal to compute an objective a posteriori measure of confidence in the accuracy of each discharge in the decomposition. The assessment is based on the estimated statistical properties of the MUAPs and noise and takes into account the relative likelihood of every other possible decomposition. The method was tested on 3 pairs of real EMG signals containing 47 active MUAP trains per signal that had been decomposed by a human expert. It rated 97% of the identified MUAP discharges as accurate to within ± 0.5 ms with a confidence level of 99%, and detected six decomposition errors. Cross-checking between signal pairs verified all but two of these assertions. These results demonstrate that the approach is reliable and practical for real EMG signals. © 2010 IEEE.

Musso G.,Polytechnic University of Turin | Romero E.,Polytechnic University of Catalonia | della Vecchia G.,Polytechnic of Milan
Geotechnique | Year: 2013

This work presents an insight into double-structure effects on the coupled chemo-hydro-mechanical behaviour of a compacted active clay. In the first part, selected pore size distribution curves are introduced, to highlight the influence of solute concentration on the evolution of the microstructure of compacted samples. An aggregated structure with dual-pore network is induced by compaction even at relatively high water contents. This structural arrangement is enhanced by salinisation, and has a notable influence on transient volume change behaviour - that is, the occurrence of different stages of swelling upon pore water dilution and higher volume change rates upon salinisation. A coupled chemo-hydro-mechanical model, taking into consideration double-structural features from a chemo-mechanical viewpoint, is described and then used to interpret these behavioural responses and present complementary information on local transient processes. The model is designed to identify an intra-aggregate and an inter-aggregate domain, and assigns different values of hydraulic pressure and osmotic suction to each domain. Distinct constitutive laws for both domains are formulated, and the flow of salt and water between the two domains is accounted for by a physically based mass exchange term. The model is used to simulate salt diffusion tests run in an oedometer at constant vertical stress. Parameters used in the formulation are calibrated based on separate experimental evidence, both through direct test results and through back-analyses of laboratory experiments. © 2013 Thomas Telford Ltd.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: AAT-2007-3.5-02 | Award Amount: 26.46M | Year: 2008

The HIRF SE research project has the goal of providing the aeronautics industry with a framework which can be used during the development phase to mitigate the EM aspects. In addition it will provide a considerable reduction in the certification/qualification tests required on air vehicle. The HIRF SE main objectives can be summarized by the two followings items: Full validated and integrated solutions to model, to simulate numerically and to test air vehicles for EM aspects during design and certification; To build (from past and ongoing works) an integrated approach with an open and evolutionary architecture. The HIRF Synthetic Environment expected results can be summarized by the following items: Capability to deal with the increased use of composite materials and structures by the airframe industry. The HIRF SE framework will include the most advanced computational models for the numerical simulation of the EM characteristics and performance of composite materials. Capability to deal with the complete internal and external electromagnetic environment (present and foreseen). The HIRF SE tool will be able to simulate a wide spread typology and number of EM (internal and external) interference sources. To take advantage of a large community to develop and issue a work on modelling of excellence. The result will be to develop and issue a work of excellence on EM modelling by gathering a large team of scientists, academic and industrial engineers, cooperating to build a reference tool of their own. A developed methodology/tool well recognized inside the civil aviation community in accordance with certification bodies. Taking into account the HIRF Synthetic Environment main objectives and the following expected results it is possible to affirm the HIRF SE project addresses the scope of work described in the FP7 Work Programme.

Congenital and acquired diseases of the heart are the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in the world today; 7.2 million people die each year due to coronary heart disease, being the first cause of mortality in population above 60 years old, and the second cause after HIV in world wide young population. There is an urgent demand for new methods to repair and replace damaged cardiovascular tissues. One of the most promising ways to achieve this goal is the development of regenerative therapies aided with novel intelligent nanobiomaterials such as bioactive scaffolds. The overall objective of this project is the development of innovative bioactive polymeric scaffolds able to guide tissue formation from dissociated stem cells, for engineering autologous cardiovascular replacements, namely vascular tissues, heart valves and cardiac muscle. Two different strategies will be followed to approach creating new engineered tissue: 1.In vitro tissue engineering: according to the most frequent tissue engineering paradigm, cells will be seeded on a scaffold composed of synthetic polymer or natural material and the tissue will be matured in vitro in a bioreactor, in order to obtain a construct that can be implanted in the appropriate anatomic location as a prosthesis; 2.In vivo tissue engineering: unseeded scaffolds that attract endogenous cells and control cell proliferation and differentiation will be implanted to repopulate and remodel an altered cardiovascular tissue. The strong innovative content of the project is in the realisation of multifunctional scaffolds which can guide complex cellular processes such as adhesion, proliferation and differentiation, processes fundamental for tissue regeneration. It is therefore necessary to design integrated material scaffolds and culture environments, which can appropriately confer biochemical, morphological, electrical and mechanical stimuli to a developing tissue.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: NMP.2013.2.1-1 | Award Amount: 8.12M | Year: 2014

Innovative processes with streamlining and improved control will be conducted in FIBRALSPEC, through Unit for Continuous PAN-based Carbon Fiber Pilot Production. Testing of laminates and prepregs production based the new developed carbon fibres followed by manufacturing of laminates/coupons and high-performance filament wound tubes are also foreseen (equipment for delivering precise volumes the matrix (resin) in high and low-capacity to impregnate the fibres and bundles will be developed). The project also efforts on functionalization will be mainly focused on cost reduction, mechanical and chemical property improvement. Novel CF precursors will be developed (silicon carbide, textile-grade PAN, polyolefins, and lignin); in parallel, the suitability of a new environmentally friendly pitch will be assessed, obtained from anthracene oil, for the preparation of isotropic carbon fibres. The projects carbon fiber conversion technology will pyrolysis process to convert PAN precursor fiber into PAN-based carbon fiber and activated carbon fiber. Innovative surface treatment will improve the step of treatment of the carbon fiber surface being indispensable for productions in series. As for recycling and used of recycled CFs, new techniques will be used to provide commercially-relevant products that are manufactured from waste carbon fibres. Mathematical modeling will be conducted so as to determine properties of CFs and composites, together with cost modeling; life cycle assessment will assist in possible commercial risks that will be continuously estimated during the project and quantify/assess the environmental impact of the materials that will be used. Industrial partnership will ensure the impact of the research efforts, convincingly proving scalability towards industrial needs of two high demanding applications, namely medium technology large scale (Rapid Deployment Secure Emergency Shelter (RDSES)) and high technology small scale (supercapacitor).

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.3.5 | Award Amount: 4.78M | Year: 2008

The Development of low-cost technologies for the fabrication of high-performance telecommunication lasers project has two main objectives: (1) Development of high-performance surface-grating-based DFB/DBR telecommunication lasers (2) Development of ultra-high speed directly modulated lasers (> 40GBit/s) with a simplified multi-section design, which exploit high-order photonic resonances for extending the modulation bandwidth. The project approach is to develop a common technological fabrication platform for both types of lasers based on surface gratings and other surface micro- and nano-structures. One important advantage in using surface structuring for increasing the performances and functionality of edge-emitting lasers is the elimination of the re-growth stage, which adds to the fabrication cost, affects the laser performances (notably the reliability and the characteristics shift in time) and reduces yield. The surface micro- and nano-structures will be imprinted by the low-cost and high-yield nano-imprint lithography, which will contribute to reducing the fabrication cost. The developed surface-oriented technology will be largely independent on the underlying semiconductor structure and will be applied for the fabrication of InP- and GaAs-based edge-emitting lasers (EELs) working in the 1300 and 1550nm ranges. Although advanced materials (like dilute nitrides and antimony-containing dilute-nitrides) as well as low-dimensional structures (quantum dots and quantum dashes) will be investigated for developing the active regions of the lasers, the surface-oriented technology will be directly applicable to epitaxial layer structures already developed and tested in regular Fabry-Perot telecommunication EELs. Thus the developed surface-oriented approach will have the unique advantage of enabling the fabrication of higher-performance lasers from already tested and qualified legacy epiwafers.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.3.4 | Award Amount: 3.97M | Year: 2011

Recent trends in embedded system architectures brought a rapid shift towards multicore, heterogeneous and reconfigurable platforms. This makes chip design enormously complex and imposes a large effort for the programmers to develop their applications. For this reason, new and more efficient tools for software development are needed to ensure software productivity and time to market of new applications. In particular, the automation of the software design process starting from high level models all-the-way down to a customized and implementation on specific architectures is a key factor to increase programmer productivity.\n\nThe ToucHMore project will develop software tools that facilitate energy efficient and robust software for Heterogeneous Multicore Systems (HeMCS) with the goal to reduce the time-to-market in the design of such systems by at least 15%, as well as the cost of software design through the automation process by 20%.\n\nIn more detail, the center of the methodology is the high level modeling language (UML/SysML) that will be used to describe the target platform and application. High level modelling allows an architectural independent description of the application and for this reason it is prone to customization for different architectural templates. In ToucHMore, customization will be performed in an automated way through automated generation of parallel code for multicore tiles and the required mechanisms to manage reconfigurable DSPs/accelerators.\nIn addition, the ToucHMore tool-chain customization environment will focus on energy efficiency and robustness of the generated code, where the uncertainties due to fabrications of transistors in nanometer technologies will be hidden, thus mitigating their impact in terms of energy and performance. From a research perspective, ToucHMore is a pioneering project from the perspective of taking a pragmatic approach to bring variability issues into the software design flow. Together with the automatic toolchain customization strategy coupled with high level modeling, these contribution will give the European research on embedded software a leading position.\n\nThe project results will be commercially exploited by the SME ATEGO as a specialised software tool vendor and by the company AKHELA that is an IT services and Embedded Systems provider to large scale companies in areas such as automotive, avionics and consumer electronics. The project results will strengthen their position in their respective markets by enabling the production of products faster and more timely than the world wide competitors and it is expected that they will have a manifold return on their investment. The five research institutions will use the gained knowledge to enrich their teaching and research activities enabling them to stay at the forefront of technology and substantiating their prestige in the scientific community.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: FoF-ICT-2011.7.4 | Award Amount: 4.50M | Year: 2011

Product and production engineering in companies are typically fragmented across different functional units, distributed across companies along the value chain, requiring input from experts from a variety of disciplines using different methods and tools. This leads to a high coordination effort to synergise work and information transfer as well as to sub-optimal decisions and unused knowledge and experiences. The resulting waste in engineering processes results in an unnecessary lengthening of time-to-market and time-to-production of new products and to a loss of competitiveness of European companies.\namePLM will offer a radically new and extensible approach to collaborative engineering, leveraging state-of-the art research on semantics, heuristics and visualization. The objectives are to\n-Engineer an ontology that serves as an\n-interoperable model and\n-integrating element for an open engineering system: the amePLM Platform\n-Develop an open engineering platform based on existing tools and libraries, by special consideration of open-source software\n-Research and develop tools to assist in product and process development, analysis, virtual testing and optimization based on heuristic methods and simulation that operate on knowledge represented by information which is structured by means of an ontology\n-Devise a visualization module to enable cross-disciplinary collaboration and remote consultation approaches\nThe solution development will be accomplished through a user-centric approach by 2 leading edge high tech software providers, guided and validated by industrial cases from 3 SME and 2 international companies. The research needed for the innovative amePLM-solutions is performed by 5 leading universities and Fraunhofer.\nThe knowledge-driven amePLM-platform will drastically accelerate product and production engineering by integrated workflows, capturing and reuse of knowledge and experiences and by facilitating cross-disciplinary knowledge-sharing and collaboration.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: GALILEO-4-2014 | Award Amount: 1.83M | Year: 2015

The project implements a set of coordinated actions to promote EGNSS technology in South East Asia (SEA), meanwhile supporting the competitiveness of EU enterprises facilitating their contacts with relevant GNSS stakeholders in SEA, a fast growing market of more than 600 million people. Exploiting the facilities offered in Hanoi by the NAVIS Centre - a strategic asset for Europe, setup with FP7 EU funding - European enterprises can increase their competitiveness conducting tests of their products in a challenging multi-GNSS environment, not available in Europe, with hard ionospheric activity conditions. Ten workshops organised in the different ASEAN States promote EGNSS technology and offer contact opportunities with local stakeholders to EU companies/institutions. Three editions of the Asia Oceania Regional Workshop on GNSS, an important event in SEA, are organized in collaboration with JAXA, MGA and other partners. To reach as many interested EU GNSS companies as possible, the project activities and collaboration opportunities offered by the NAVIS Centre are carefully advertised through different channels including clusters, social networks, websites etc. and three events are organized in Europe, possibly as side events of larger ones. So a larger network of long lasting relations between European companies and SEA GNSS stakeholders is built, allowing the NAVIS Centre to keep serving as a focal point for cooperation with Europe and as showcase of EGNSS technology. A competition to attract smart young researchers/entrepreneurs from ASEAN States to develop EGNSS-based business ideas/applications is also organized. The prize consists in a six-month incubation period in Europe to further implement the idea. Capacity building actions complete the project: they target SEA researchers/technicians with the aim to prepare a generation of SEA experts familiar with European technology, habits and culture and ready to support European industries willing to operate in SEA.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: ICT-35-2016 | Award Amount: 2.00M | Year: 2017

The networked future promises new relationships between people and artifacts, the private and the public, the individual and the collective. The increased networking capabilities of pervasive technologies mean that of personal data are being produced, analyzed, monetized and connected to other data streams in ways that hold both enormous potential and pose profound challenges for European society. Recent policy, such as the EU General Data Protection Regulation, reflects mounting public concerns around emerging data practices, RRI, data ethics and privacy. VIRT-EU addresses these concerns at the point of design through researching and intervening upon the development cultures and ethics of the next-generation IoT innovators. We ask how do European IoT innovators and developers make ethically consequential decisions about code, hardware and data for new connective devices? What assumptions about human behavior, privacy and freedom underpin European cultures of IoT innovation? Leveraging state of the art collaborative SSH and ICT methodological innovations, VIRT-EU will analyze and map the ethical practices of European hardware and software entrepreneurs, maker and hacker spaces, and community innovators. Our goals are to (1) understand how IoT innovators enact ethics as they design future devices and to (2) generate a new framework for Privacy, Ethical and Social Impact Assessment (PESIA), which will proactively position ethical self-assessments in the development process of IoT technologies. These tools, informed by legal approaches, data mining, quantitative and qualitative social science and design research serve to secure a place for societal concerns in the generation of new technologies, engaging societal stakeholders in ensuring a digital future which is populated by innovative devices and services that are explicitly aligned with, and conscious of, the ethical and social values held by EU citizens.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-TP | Phase: NMP.2011.2.1-1 | Award Amount: 5.56M | Year: 2012

The aim of LONGLIFE is to develop new multi-functional zirconia oral and spine (lumbar inter-vertebral disc) implants, with a perfect reliability and a lifetime longer than 60 years. Such an ambitious goal, motivated by the risks and costs associated to revision surgery, will only be reachable by an improvement of the Low Temperature Degradation (LTD) resistance of zirconia and by an enhancement of the osseointegration capabilities of the implants in contact with bone. As zirconia-based ceramics are the only oxides able to couple high stress resistance and fracture toughness thanks to transformation toughening, a strong effort will be given to the improvement of their stability in the presence of water, without decreasing their toughness and strength. Osseointegration will be improved by the chemical and topographical modification of the surface. We aim at producing zirconia surfaces able to decrease the risk of bacterial adhesion and improve bone apposition, for better clinical success. Given the specific nature of ceramics, especially versus the risk of brittle failure, we aim at developing new ceramic-oriented designs for the implants, and not just copy and paste from metal implants as it is generally done at present. This implants by design approach will ensure a better, long-lasting success of oral and spine implants. At last, the LONGLIFE consortium will develop acceleration tests which will be able to reproduce more effectively the different degradation mechanisms and their interplay in a multi-physics approach, in order to ensure an implant reliability and lifetime superior to current implants.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: GV-1-2014 | Award Amount: 6.13M | Year: 2015

The success of electric vehicles in the mass market depends on the development of high-energy batteries at a competitive price. The research efforts of the past decade have continuously improved the energy densities of batteries, yet electric vehicles have only gradually made their way into the market. A combined surge in both consumer demand and industrial push is now on the verge of prompting a significant market uptake. eCAIMAN will develop a more powerful battery by modifying and improving individual components and technologies to result in a significant overall improvement of the cell. Key innovations include a 5V high- voltage spinel, a high- capacity composite anode, and a stable high- voltage electrolyte. Their cumulative effect will improve total cell capacity by at least 20%. eCAIMAN will not develop high risk / high gain components, due to the higher the risk of failure. This will ensure the success of the project and deliver a market- near product, while at the same time achieving the goals of the call. eCAIMAN scale-up is designed with existing European production technologies and inexpensive materials mined in Europe, thereby reducing the final battery price. The battery is developed in collaboration with large European light, medium and heavy duty vehicle manufacturers, allowing eCAIMAN to address a broad scope of real end-user demands. eCAIMAN will develop a truly European high-performance battery ready for implementation in the global market.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA | Phase: ICT-2013.6.4 | Award Amount: 1.36M | Year: 2013

READY4SmartCities operates in a European context where other initiatives are currently running in order to create a common approach on Smart Cities, Such initiatives, even if of fundamental importance for the EU, have some relevant gaps not allowing them to fully cover fundamental aspects for Smart Cities, i.e. to define a common data framework allowing full interoperability among different city system, as well as a consistent vision on how ICT can support energy systems in smart cities. Within this context READY4SmartCities cover a unique role thanks to its specific mission of bringing together relevant stakeholders including engineering specialists, ICT software and equipment providers, RES providers, energy companies (including ESCOs Energy Service Companies), construction sector companies, as well as local and regional authorities. In co-operation with these stakeholders, the aim is to deliver:\n\tA new energy data ecosystem that will accommodate cross-domain data (climatic, occupation, pollution, traffic, activity, etc.) and will allow the exploitation of such data at global scale; by identifying the set of ontologies relevant to energy-efficiency in Smart Cities and the different requirements and guidelines on how to use (publish and interchange) data described according to those ontologies.\n\tAn holistic and shared vision, allowing feasible step-by-step action plans for city authorities and other relevant stakeholder groups to develop and use ICT-based solutions for energy system in urban and rural communities towards future Smart Cities, and thus, leading to reduced energy consumption and CO2 emissions.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: MG-8.6-2016 | Award Amount: 599.94K | Year: 2016

The concept of this project is to organise two competitions for transport research awards to be announced at the TRA conference in 2018 - A Young researchers competition with the goal of stimulating the interest among young researchers/students in the field of sustainable surface transport. - A competition for senior researchers in the field of innovative surface transport concepts based on results only from EU-funded projects.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: JTI-CS | Phase: JTI-CS-2013-2-SAGE-06-003 | Award Amount: 1.18M | Year: 2014

The ACARE targets for civil aircraft include NOx and CO2 emissions reductions of 80% and 50% respectively by 2020. Although airframes make a significant contribution, most of the balance (especially NOx) will be contributed by the engines. These contributions are expected to be achieved by lean burn, increased propulsive efficiency and increments in cycle efficiency via reduced component losses. Augmenting performance can be achieved by introducing new active controls to reduce off-design component efficiency loss, improve surge margin and lean blow out margin. Unfortunately, current implementations are limited by the characteristics of existing electromechanical and hydraulic actuation devices (i.e. frequency response and cyclic life) and the high temperature, pressure and possibly liquid wetted operating conditions. Piezoelectric ceramics can overcome some of these limitations and offer the potential to make highly reliable actuation devices partially because the strain is developed without wear or friction. AEROPZT will address the challenge of developing piezoelectric ceramics, encapsulation and actuator designs primarily for staged combustion fuel staging in the context of the SAGE6 project. In this application the aim is to enable pilot-main fuel staging without significant un-commanded thrust transients and reductions in surge margin (so called bumpless transfer). Another important application in the field of combustion is the control of thermoacoustic instability and lean blow out. It is expected that the materials and technologies developed will have a wide range of other applications for active control within the engine such as active surge control, boundary layer control and active clearance control.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2011-ITN | Award Amount: 3.63M | Year: 2011

The aims of InnHF project are to offer a multidisciplinary training in the field of risk assessment and maintenance management integrated with human factors, in tight contact with companies and universities within this consortium; to strengthen and structure initial training of researchers in system engineering at European level; to attract students to scientific careers; to provide trained researchers with the necessary skills to work in industry; and to improve career perspectives by broad skills development. The INNHF scientific main objective is thus to formalize an approach and make it possible to integrate the current and developing assessment methods recommended or required by recognized industrial standards and methodologies, with an easy to use but complete human factors and system health management approach, the following goals will be achieved: 1) Review of the applicability of most recent generation standards that are not yet fully acquired by different industries and verification of their effectiveness in safety assessment. 2) Devising a method to account qualitatively and quantitatively for the human factor in the wider applied risk assessment methodologies. Verifying how a proper account of the impact of human and organizational factors (H&OF) in the operational phase may provide a sensitive change in the results of the assessments. 3) Reviewing the methods to account qualitatively and quantitatively for maintenance effectiveness, taking also into account HOFs, verifying how a proper account of the maintenance strategy may provide a sensitive change in the results of the assessments. 4) To translate the results of the analysis performed through the novel approach in a factual design improvement initiative for new or existing plant or machinery able to provide leverage for competitive advantage (maximum availability, minimum unscheduled shutdowns of production, economic maintenance, minimum incident incident and accident).

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2013.1.5 | Award Amount: 4.13M | Year: 2013

Protection of mobile devices from Internet threats is usually achieved by installing appropriate tools (e.g. anti-virus, personal firewall, parental control) on each device. However, this poses several issues: it requires privileged access on the device, appropriate protection tools may not exist on all the platforms or their capabilities may vary greatly across the different devices, and tools may consume too many resources.\nThis results in ineffective or inconsistent protection for the users that will experience wide variation in security when using different devices and/or networks (for example, typically WiFi access inside a corporate network is protected by a border firewall while this is not the case for a 3G network).\n\nThe SECURED project proposes an innovative architecture to achieve protection from Internet threats by offloading execution of security applications into a programmable device at the edge of the network such as a home gateway or an enterprise router.\nThis architecture creates a trusted and virtualized execution environment allowing different actors (e.g. single users, corporate ICT managers, network providers) to install on-demand and execute multiple security applications on the network edge device to protect the traffic of a specific user. This approach reduces the load onto the mobile devices, guaranteeing enforcement of user-specific and device-independent security policies, and uniform protection across different devices and networks.\nTransition mechanisms are also defined to support legacy network devices and deploy this new technology incrementally. The proposed architecture will be validated in corporate and individual environments, considering various network settings (e.g. 3G/4G, WiFi, xDSL, corporate LAN).\n\nThe project targets citizens, network providers, and companies. The latter will be able to enforce a company-wide security policy not only when the employee is connected to the corporate network but also when she is on the move (e.g. home network, 3G connection, airport WiFi).\n\nSECURED will produce concrete results in the form of open specifications and sample open-source implementations for (A) creation of trusted network security applications, (B) policy-based security configuration, with support for hierarchical and multi-source policies, and (C) security marketplace to trade applications and exchange best-practice policies (useful to encourage adoption by non-skilled individuals or companies).\n\nA uniform security environment will be created, independent of the user device and network connection, offering also protection for Internet-of-Things environments, where nodes typically have limited computational and communication capabilities (e.g. home appliances, sensor networks, or distributed critical infrastructures).\nIn summary, the project will empower mobile users with better Internet security and enable different business models for network service providers and security application developers.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: FETOPEN-02-2016 | Award Amount: 670.00K | Year: 2017

This FET-open Coordination and Support Action is called Nanoarchitectronics (NTX) to denote a new interdisciplinary research area at the crossroad of Electromagnetics and Nanoelectronics. NTX It is a new technology aimed at conceiving, designing and developing reconfigurable, adaptive and cognitive structures, sensorial surfaces and functional skins with unique physical properties, and engineering applications in the whole electromagnetic spectrum; through assembling building blocks at nanoscale in hierarchical architectures. The conception of this new area responds to the need of unifying concepts, methodologies and technologies in Communications, Environment Sensing Systems, Safety and Security, Bio-Sensing Systems and Imaging Nanosystems, within a wide frequency range. This FET project proposal gathers thirteen universities, research centers and high-tech industries, belonging to eight European countries. According to the FET work-program, the major objective of Nanoarchitectronics is to boost the future application-driven research through the establishment of an accepted language among physicists and engineers, a shared way of thinking, a common theoretical foundation and a common strategy for the future. Therefore, the project aims at laying the foundation for an ever-increasing synergy and progress of Nanoarchitectronics. To achieve these objectives, Nanoarchitectronics is structured in four main activities. The Concept activity is devoted to establish and define the concepts of Nanoarchitectronics and its boundaries with respect to other disciplines and to the activity carried out by other consortia. The Strategy activity identifies the policy dialogue and the strategic view of the consortium in terms of position, impact and vision. The Virtual Networking serves to internal web communication (private), and for dissemination (public). The Dissemination and Exploitation activity is carried out mainly by the industrial partners of the consortium

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SEC-2011.2.2-2 | Award Amount: 4.26M | Year: 2012

SECRET addresses the protection of railway infrastructure against EM attacks. Railway infrastructure is an attractive target for EM attacks, because of its familiarity and ease of access, with extended economic and security consequences. Today, the European rail network is evolving to harmonize the management system. This is reflected by new integrated technologies, adequate procedures and centralization of command centres. The new technologies facilitate the implementation of a harmonized system and improve the network competitiveness. However, they are also highly vulnerable to EM attacks (HPM and EMP). Railway actors fear this growing EM vulnerability and have no knowledge on the extent and severity of consequences. The risk of EM attacks is also increasing due to the higher use of interoperable systems (command/control, information systems). The harmonization of the European railway network results in a harmonized EM vulnerability. Thus, a device to generate EM attacks will have the same impact anywhere in Europe, facilitating the implementation of simultaneous EM attacks. Meanwhile, with the proliferation of wireless systems, access to radiated emission equipment is radically democratized, which facilitates the manufacture of EM interference transmitters able to disturb the technologies used for management of the railway network. Objectives of SECRET are to: -identify the vulnerability points at different levels (from the electronic to the systemic vision) -identify EM attack scenarios and risk assessment (service degradation, potential accidents, economic impacts) - identify public equipment which can be used to generate EM attacks -develop protection rules to strengthen the infrastructure (at electronic, architecture and systemic levels) -develop EM attack detection devices and processes -develop resilient architecture able to adequately react in case of EM attack detection -extract recommendations to ensure resiliency and contribute to standards

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: LCE-07-2016-2017 | Award Amount: 5.00M | Year: 2016

Future energy systems will use renewable energy sources to minimise CO2 emissions. Currently large generators powered by fossil fuel turbines maintain the stability and quality of energy supplies through their inertia. The inertia of these generator-turbine groups gives providers a significant time window in which to react to network events. We urgently need to find ways to stabilise energy systems with up to 100% RES (where inertia is often lost due to power converter mediated energy transfer) to generate RE-SERVEs so that society can relax in the knowledge that it has a stable and sustainable energy supply. RE-SERVE will address this challenge by researching new energy system concepts, implemented as new system support services enabling distributed, multi-level control of the energy system using pan-European unified network connection codes. Near real-time control of the distributed energy network will be enabled by innovative 5G based ICT. Energy system use case scenarios supplied by energy providers will form the basis of energy system models. Performance characteristics of the new control mechanisms will be investigated through integration of energy simulations and live 5G communications. We will create a pan-European multi-site simulation test-bed, bringing together the best facilities in Europe. RE-SERVE results include published models of system support services, innovative architectures for the implementation of the services, performance tests on our pan-European real-time simulation, and live, test-beds, a model for pan-European unified network connection codes and actions to promote results to standardisation organisations, all of which maintain the RE-SERVE in energy systems. Commercialisation of results will result in breakthroughs in the efficient utilisation of use of RES, a spin-off and a wide range of enhanced professional solutions and services.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.3.5 | Award Amount: 13.65M | Year: 2008

FAST-DOT aims to implement a new range of ultrafast quantum-dot lasers for critical bio-medical applications. This project will develop portable, low-cost, reliable, highly efficient ultrashort pulse and ultra-broadband tuneable laser sources. The key technical innovation quantum dots (QDs) - are based on novel semiconductor nanostructure clusters which demonstrate remarkable new photonic properties. QD structures will afford major advances in ultrafast science and technology by exploiting the unique combination of QD properties (high optical quality, efficient light generation, ultrafast carrier dynamics and broadband gain bandwidth) at wavelength range which not easily accessible with current technologies. The FAST-DOT consortium brings together a unique and compelling group of world-leaders in the physics of QDs and QD photonic devices, system integrators and biophotonic. This research will realise a full understanding of the underlying ultrafast properties and physics of QD structures and exploit these effects in the construction of novel highly compact, reliable and environmentally-stable sources of ultra-short pulses. The new QD sources will be investigated and validated in a range of bio-photonic applications including OCT; Non-linear Microscopy; Nanosurgery and minimally invasive diagnostics. The availability of compact and inexpensive ultrashort pulse lasers will have widespread impact in uptake by making many applications more affordable and opening up new application areas. The project unites 18 complementary European research groups and companies with international reputations in the development of semiconductor materials and their use in efficient ultra-fast lasers, related applications and marketing. All of the groups have record of collaboration and a strong record in producing high quality results and joint publications. This programme will contribute to further extending Europes world-leading position of in photonics and ultrafast technology.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: NMP-06-2015 | Award Amount: 4.65M | Year: 2015

The concept behind MOZART is to develop a library of inorganic nanomatrices to be used as smart platforms for effective, non-invasive and highly targeted therapies. MOZART will address, as proof of concept, nanomatrices to treat delayed bone healing and non-healing chronic skin wounds, which are both characterised by an inflammation and often infection. Mesoporous therapeutic glasses (MTGs), doped with selected ions (e.g. Ag\, Li\, Cu2\, Sr2\, Ce3\, B3\) and having nanopores of adjustable size within 2-50 nm, will be synthesised and then loaded with the chosen payload. Ordered mesoporous carbons (OMCs) will also be manufactured to host a wide range of biomolecules and higher payload. As in an orchestra, where the integration among the different participants allows a harmonious symphony to be created, in MOZART the synergistic release of ions and drugs will be directed to achieve a radically improved therapeutic effect. The exploitation of the response of self-immolative polymer coatings upon pH changes will be used as an elegant and effective way for triggering the payload release. The (coated) nanomatrices will be incorporated in a thermosensitive gel that is liquid at room temperature and undergoes sol-gel transition in the physiological environment. These gels are perfect candidates to develop non-invasive procedures to introduce MOZART nanomatrices to the pathological site and keep them in place for the required time. Clinical and societal impacts of MOZART will be enormous, considering the extraordinarily high number of pathological cases potentially involved. Only in EU, 350 000 patients per year are affected by non-union bone fractures and 2.2 million people suffer from chronic wounds. We expect that MOZART approaches will significantly reduce the healing time of non-union bone fractures (within 4 months vs. a minimum of 12 months) and will allow at least 50% of people suffering from chronic wounds to heal fully.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: Fusion-2007-7.2 | Award Amount: 3.23M | Year: 2008

The timely availability of qualified materials for use in fusion power reactors is a necessity for the fast deployment of fusion power. 27 European institutions have joined together in the FEMaS-CA to advance fusion materials science in Europe and in close cooperation with EFDA, the European Fusion Development Agreement. The overarching objective of this Coordination Action is: The FEMaS-CA will create a European research environment in which fusion materials science for the realization of fusion power can be carried out with optimum effect. To enforce this objective, the goals of the are 1. It will strengthen the application of advanced materials characterization methods which is an essential ingredient for the successful development of fusion reactor materials in Europe. 2. It will form a strong European network involving institutions and large scale facilities outside of the present fusion programme 3. Within this network bi- and multilateral collaborative activities shall be carried out. 4. Together with EFDA activities it will contribute to the formation of lasting and efficient European structure for fusion materials science and development.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2013.1.1 | Award Amount: 9.43M | Year: 2013

Telecom providers struggle with low service flexibility, increasing complexity and related costs. Although cloud computing and networking have been two very active fields of research, there is currently little integration between the vast networking assets and data centres of telecom providers. UNIFY addresses this by considering the entire network, from home networks up to data centre, as a unified production environment. The unified approach will open up the potential of virtualization, programmability / automation to span across the whole infrastructure of the provider and guarantee an unprecedented level of agility for network operations and for deploying new, secure and quality of experience aware services, seamlessly instantiatable across the entire infrastructure. This will lead to a novel service-oriented carrier-grade platform for the Future Internet and brings virtualized services in the most efficient, secure and quality-aware way to the end-users.UNIFY focuses on enablers of such unified production environment and will develop an automated, dynamic service creation platform, leveraging a fine-granular service chaining architecture. A service abstraction model and a proper service creation language will enable the dynamic and automatic placement of networking, computing and storage components across the infrastructure. A global orchestrator, which novel optimization algorithms, ensures the optimal placement of the elementary service components across the entire infrastructure. New management technologies, based on experience from data centre and tightly integrated into the service orchestration architecture, will be developed and cope with the dynamicity of new services. The applicability of a universal network node based on commodity hardware will be evaluated in order to support both network functions and traditional data centre workloads, while the possible hardware acceleration that might be needed to support future workloads will be investigated.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: MG-1.1-2014 | Award Amount: 8.97M | Year: 2015

AGILE targets multidisciplinary optimization using distributed analysis frameworks. The involvement of many disciplinary analyses ranging up to high levels of fidelity and agile workflow management are considered to be state-of-the-art and starting point for AGILE. Advanced optimization techniques and strategies will be developed in order to exploit available computing systems and to gain faster convergence to optimal solutions. Surrogates, decomposition, robust design and uncertainties, global-local optimization, mixed fidelity optimization and system-of-system optimization are central fields of research. Operating the coupled numerical system and interpreting the high fidelity results requires collaboration of heterogeneous specialists. Techniques for collaboration are the second scientific objective of AGILE using the research on optimization techniques as use case. The interactions between humans and the interactions of the design team with the numerical system both are investigated. Knowledge-enabled information technologies will be developed in order to support the collaboration process constituting the third, outer-most layer of the nested research concept. Novel technologies are iteratively implemented, tested and enhanced. Use cases are realistic overall aircraft design tasks for conventional, strut-braced, box-wing and BWB configurations. The project is set up to proof a speed up of 40% for solving realistic MDO problems compared to todays state-of-the-art. The resulting technologies will be made available; amongst others via an Open MDO Test Suite. Reduced development costs and reduced time to market will enable a more agile way of collaboration and joint development and experimenting on innovative products. AGILE pronounces the collaboration of SME, RES and HES in order to contribute to IND-centred virtual extended enterprises. AGILE considers all pre-existing conventions and will contribute to the CRESCENDO results and dissemination plan.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: SEC-2010.2.3-2 | Award Amount: 3.99M | Year: 2011

Threats for the supply of electricity have changed dramatically throughout the last decade: additional to the natural and accidental ones, the new threat of malicious attacks needs to be considered. Such attacks might be jointly imparted so as to affect large portions of the European grid, make repair difficult and cause huge societal impact. The outstanding importance and the far more complex level of interconnectivity of electricity distribution / transmission / generation compared to the supply through other energy carriers - makes the development of a highly focused toolkit for its protection an essential and urgent task. SESAME develops a Decision Support System (DSS) for the protection of the European power system and applies it to two regional electricity grids, Austria and Romania. This DSS enables to: identify the vulnerabilities and to detect their origins, estimate the damage / impact of real or simulated network failures, identify the possible measures for prevention of outages and acceleration of automatic restoration, rank these measures according to their effectiveness and their cost-benefit ratios, carry out contingency analyses of the transmission / distribution network and generation facilities, detect long-term erroneous trends in the security of energy supply and counteract against them by adjusting the market mechanisms. There do not exist State-of-the-Art approaches incorporating all of these core dimensions of the problem: the increase in complexity of the security of energy supply requires a comprehensive and multi-disciplinary solution. SESAME brings together the most distinguished experts in the fields of power network security, technology policy and regulatory economics, impact assessment of disasters, network simulation software and knowledge engineering. All partners have proven their excellence in complex security research in earlier cooperative projects and most of them have already worked together successfully.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: BSG-SME | Phase: SME-2011-1 | Award Amount: 1.45M | Year: 2011

The project aim is to enhance the research and innovation of three SMEs working in different sectors namely glass production, coatings fabrication and software on demand. These SMEs will commercially exploit the project findings on osteoinductive coatings and scaffolds. Without this project the 3 SMEs would not be in a position to provide into this market area. One person out of 150 people reading this proposal will likely need a hip prosthesis in the following 30 years. Therefore, to meet this ever increasing demand MATCh aims to deliver a MONOBLOCK ceramic acetabular cup prototype during the project period. At present, non-cemented acetabular elements are characterized by a configuration comprising a cup housed in a metal back for the implant osteointegration. This configuration has drawbacks of high risk of relative mobility, wear of the cup and potential damage to the pelvis bone.To overcome these drawbacks, the prototyping of an innovative MONOBLOCK ceramic cup will be developed based on WO2008/146322A2, which describes a cup anchored to the bone through a bioactive trabecular coating, glazed on its surface and able to promote both primary and long term osteointegration. In the monoblock cup, there is no metal back and it allows a ceramic-on-ceramic coupling with very low wear rate. In addition, this configuration allows a wider range of prostheses sizes and less trauma during surgical implantation. MATCh will develop prototypes able to accelerate osteointegration and to avoid aseptic loosening due to wear, relative mobility and bone damage and that could be used for a wider range of patients. These goals are achievable within the project duration as RTD partners (AIMEN, FCIM, ICI, POLITO) have developed technologies for glazing glasses on ceramic substrates and for the production of scaffolds and have wide expertise in the field of ceramics. The SMEs partners will work on the production of coatings, industrial glass synthesis and biomechanical modeling.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: HEALTH-2007-2.2.2-2 | Award Amount: 14.17M | Year: 2008

RESOLVE has been outlined to better understand the regulatory networks that control the devel-opmental processes in organ repair and to identify mechanisms which cause the termination of regu-lar organ development leading to fibroproliferative wound healing. Fibroproliferative wound healing represents a major pathology in elderly people shifting regular organ development into progressive organ fibrosis with complete loss of organ function. Based on the identification of valuated molecu-lar targets of fibroproliferative repair, RESOLVE aims to create suitable treatment strategies to achieve healthy ageing in the elderly. In doing so, RESOLVE will create a significant impact on life quality of elderly people. RESOLVEs outcomes will strengthen the competitiveness of European science and biotechnology industry and contribute to cost saving strategies in the health care sector. RESOLVEs structured scientific approach combines as yet fragmented fields of research using model organisms which represent (a) different forms of wound healing, (b) different human diseases and (c) different genetic backgrounds, guaranteeing social and scientific relevance, modularity of re-search and the integration of existing biological knowledge, technical expertise and medical experi-ence. In addition, sequential generation of data during improvement or worsening ensures clinical relevance and leads to a stringent exploitation strategy. The sustainable outcomes of RESOLVEs efforts will be: (A) the urgently needed diagnostic tool for fibroproliferative wound healing in various organs, (B) highly valuable transgenic animals offering test systems for fibroproliferative wound healing, and (C) a characterization of compounds capable of interfering with targets involved in fibroprolifera-tive repair.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: FoF.NMP.2013-8 | Award Amount: 6.21M | Year: 2013

The current maintenance policies, including e.g. RCM (Reliability Centred Maintenance) and TPM (Total Productive Maintenance), can be generally useful in answering questions such as how much maintenance should be done on this machine? How frequently should this part be replaced? How many spare parts should be kept in stock? How should the shutdown be scheduled? It is generally accepted that the vast majority of maintenance models are aimed at answering efficiency questions, i.e. questions of the form How can this particular machine be operated more efficiently? and NOT effectiveness questions (the top 5 ones!), like: Q1: How can reliability, repair and EOL be included in a robust and integrated Life Cycle Cost (LCC) and Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) model of the factory (to be used for decision making along factory life cycle)? Q2: Which are the most cost-effective and optimal Repair strategies we should tailor for sets of components/machines of the factory? Q3: Which machine and/or components should we improve and how can we reduce repair time and cost? Q4: Which are the most environmental-effective EOL strategies we should tailor for sets of components/machines of the factory? Q5: How can we assess the remaining life of Re-usable components and which are most valuable Renovation technologies for the machine tools? the EASE-R3 project aims at developing a novel Integrated framework for a cost-effective and easy Repair, Renovation and Re-use of machine tools within modern Factory (machining shop floor), oriented both to SME and large OEM/end-users, and covering the entire life cycle of the system (from design stage throughout operative life).

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: REGIONS-2012-2013-1 | Award Amount: 2.60M | Year: 2013

WASTECOSMART - Optimisation of Integrated Solid Waste Management Strategies for the Maximisation of Resource Efficiency addresses the priority areas of a Resource Efficient Europe and relates to the EcoAP, by boosting innovation based on research and technology development within the field of integrated waste management. Through cross border cooperation and collaborative research activities between six regional research driven clusters, the project will strengthen regional capacities for investment, research and technological development. The core goal is to help introduce innovation to the market in this sector and as a consequence support economic growth and regional development. The partners of WASTECOSMART will join forces to elaborate one Joint Action Plan (JAP) for the coordination and strengthening of their complementary RTD capacities. In close consultation with regional stakeholders from the scientific world, businesses and public authorities (triple helix), the regions will elaborate a coordinated set of Regional Research Agendas and a cross-regional Joint Action Plan, which sets a common roadmap for future collaborative RTD activities and develops synergetic follow-up projects in these key domains. The formation of regional waste management clusters is further strengthened through the mentoring of less developed regions, the dissemination of the outcomes on various platforms and internationalisation measures reaching out to other high potential regions in the world. WASTECOSMARTs approach to waste management will be based on a novel and innovative process applying a holistic set of practices. So far, there are very few studies that employ the methodological concept of innovation systems analysis, and only a few studies dealing with anything other than isolated technological issues and approaches have been carried out.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.3.3 | Award Amount: 3.69M | Year: 2011

For a few years, multiprocessors have penetrated the embedded market. Platform providers such as Texas Instrument, STMicroelectronics or ST-Ericsson now propose multicore architectures with scalable performances. These architectures are capable to cope with the rising processing needs, while keeping stable power consumption. They provide developers with more flexibility and offer efficient power monitoring and control features. These evolutions will therefore help to sustain the market growth, but at the expense of programmability.\n\nHardware architectures evolve faster than software tools, and the specification and mapping of applications onto new heterogeneous multicore architectures becomes more complex. The lack of efficient software tools hinders adoption of new architectures and increases software development costs. The European industry therefore has to face a new challenge and sustain software developments by introducing efficient tools capable to assist designers.\n\nThe main objective of PHARAON is to improve competitiveness of the European electronic industry, especially with respect to reducing power consumption and improving performance, by providing new paradigms for multicore architectures programming, monitoring and control, as well as new dynamic power adaptation strategies, algorithms and interfacing standards. Raising the expertise of European industry in system architecture, software development and power management is crucial to ease the transition to multicore platforms. It will enlarge the range of applicability of a hardware platform and plays in favour of re-use, cost and time-to-market reduction, which have become crucial requirements in a worldwide competition.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.1.4 | Award Amount: 10.77M | Year: 2010

Protecting critical infrastructures providing communications, energy, or healthcare presents increasing ICT challenges as ICT itself has become vital to them. Internet-scale ICT infrastructures (infrastructure clouds) promise scalable virtualised computing, network, and storage resources over the Internet. They provide scalability and cost-efficiency but pose significant new privacy and resilience challenges. Clouds may evolve into a single point of failure, threaten all dependent ICT, and put the Future Internet at risk.\nTCLOUDS builds a resilient Future Internet platform by progress in four areas:\n1) Addressing the legal and business implications while building a regulatory framework for enabling privacy-enhanced cross-border infrastructure clouds.\n2) Architecture and prototypes for a federation of trustworthy infrastructure clouds that build on complementary and mutually re-enforcing technical approaches:\na) A Trustworthy Infrastructure Cloud enables individual providers to offer more resilient and privacy-aware infrastructure clouds.\nb) Privacy and Resilience for Commodity Clouds enables end users to put a security layer on top of existing commodity infrastructure clouds to enforce their security objectives.\nc) Federated Cloud-of-cloud Middleware offers privacy-protection and resilience beyond any individual cloud. This expands trust from trusted (enterprise-internal) clouds to less trusted (off-shored) ones or federates a set of partially trusted providers into a trustworthy and adaptive federation.\n3) Validation and impact through benchmark scenarios:\na) Smart power grids connect renewable energy sources and users. It is a premier example of an Internet of Things.\nb) Home healthcare provides prophylaxis to citizens. We focus on the privacy and usability challenges of cross-border usage of personal data.\n4) Collaboration with complementary standardisation and FP7 projects maximises impact and fosters a European Trustworthy Cloud ecosystem.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2013.3.4 | Award Amount: 3.87M | Year: 2013

Advanced multi-functional computing systems realized in forthcoming manufacturing technologies hold the promise of a significant increase in device integration density complemented by an increase in system performance and functionality. However, a dramatic reduction in single device quality and reliability is also expected.\nCLERECO research project recognizes early accurate reliability evaluation as one of the most important and challenging tasks throughout the design cycle of computing systems across all domains. In order to continue harvesting the performance and functionality offerings of technology scaling, we need to dramatically improve current methodologies to evaluate the reliability of the system.\nOn one hand, we need accurate methodologies that reduce the performance and energy tax paid to guarantee correct operation of systems. The rising energy costs needed to compensate for increasing unpredictability are rapidly becoming unacceptable in todays environment where energy consumption is often the limiting factor on integrated circuit performance. On the other hand, early budgeting for reliability has the potential to save significant design effort and resources and has a profound impact on the TTM of a product.\nCLERECO addresses early reliability evaluation with a cross-layer approach across different computing disciplines, across computing system layers and across computing market segments to address reliability for the emerging computing continuum. CLERECO methodology will consider low-level information such as raw failure rates as well as the entire set of hardware and software components of the system that eventually determine the reliability delivered to the end users.\nThe CLERECO project methodology for early reliability evaluation will be comprehensively assessed and validated in advanced designs from different applications provided by the industrial partners for the full stack of hardware and software layers.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.3.9 | Award Amount: 7.26M | Year: 2010

SMART-EC aims at the development of self powered (energy harvesting and storage) EC device integrating EC thin film transistor component on a flexible substrate for energy saving, comfort and security in automotive, e-cards and smart packaging sectors.The objective is to overcome the current limitations related to low switching time and manufacturing costs; the switching time can be reduced (<1s) by introducing nanostructured EC materials, innovative EC transistors and high ionic conductive solid electrolytes. Radical innovative cheap manufacturing technologies on large area PVD, inkjet and roll-to-roll processes on low cost plastic will be developed. These processes are fully compatible with heterogeneous integration of several functions to produce a completely autonomous device (thin film battery, PV cell, sensors and communication) with great added value respect to traditional solutions. The optimization of co-integrated (separated building blocks laminated together) and convergence (using same materials for different building blocks) approaches will allow to fabricate a fully autonomous system. The first step will be the optimization of deposition and patterning technologies in terms of processes parameters and in-situ monitoring to allow the high control of film growth; the second step will be the heterogeneous integration of the different building blocks to produce the self-powered systems for the targeted applications.Four academic and research institutes guarantee a high level interdisciplinary research on solid-state physics, material chemistry and integration; this will assures the proper technology transfer to industrial partners at all product chain levels (materials, devices and end users) for a successful exploitation of results. SMART-EC materials and technologies are original and will pave the way for future generation smart surfaces with great potential impact at medium and long term (flexible and transparent electronics) applications.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2013-ITN | Award Amount: 3.72M | Year: 2013

The CI-NERGY Marie Curie Initial Training Network (ITN) aims to train young scientists to develop urban decision making and operational optimisation software tools to minimise non-renewable energy use in cities. The training will be carried out by a close collaboration of six of the best academic research centres and four leading industrial companies from the energy and software technology sector (Siemens, WienEnergie, EDF/EIFER, and IES). The research fellows will apply their results in two case study cities (Geneva and Vienna), which were chosen for their very ambitious sustainability goals. The CI-NERGY network will be a highly multi-disciplinary coordinated PhD programme on urban energy sustainability, covering the key challenges in cities related to a low carbon future. There is a gap in high level integrated training in the urban energy research field, which is due to the wide range of fragmented disciplines from building physics and energy supply technologies with electrical and thermal engineering up to software engineering and information technology. The CI-NERGY network wide training provided by excellent academic and industry partners from all areas of smart cities will close this gap. The impact of the network training activities will be highly noticeable for energy supply utilities, IT companies, policy makers, urban planners, researchers on sustainable urban energy systems and finally the inhabitants of cities themselves. All sectors mentioned will provide excellent career opportunities for the research fellows, who will gain excellent knowledge of the sectorial requirements by a structured secondment plan.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2014-ETN | Award Amount: 3.11M | Year: 2015

Drug development is a long and costly process which suffers from the major shortcoming that frequently failure is often only determined during the final stage. Recently, it has been recognised that more care needs to be taken during the early stages of development to avoid going into lengthy and costly confirmatory studies with ineffective or harmful treatments. To achieve this goal it is essential to implement efficient methods for the design and analysis of such early development studies. The expertise in this area is, however, limited at the moment and adequate methodology is only partially available. Using a cross-sectorial, transnational approach, the IDEAS network brings together leading public and private sector researchers in the field with ample experience in training to educate, promote and support the future leaders in medical statistics in general and in the design and analysis of early developmental studies in particular. Within the network, cross-sectorial, transnational teams will support young researchers with individual methodological projects and devise an individually tailored training programme for them. Clinical advisors supplement the input of the supervisory team and ensure practical relevance and uptake of the methods devised. The training activities are comprised of a well-rounded mix of specialist, methodological components and generic, transferable skills. A mandatory set of networkwide training activities is supplemented by individual training components and cross-sectorial secondments, and particular attention is given to interaction and collaboration between researchers and supervisors across public and private sector partners. At the end of their training the researchers will be uniquely qualified with expertise in the field, benefit from experience in both public and private sector and can rely on a wide network of experts in the field in the future.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: MSCA-NIGHT-2014 | Award Amount: 279.25K | Year: 2014

The Researchers Night has been for the eight past editions a regular appointment for researchers and for the different publics of science in Piedmont. The opportunity to organize two subsequent editions of the Night allows an active involvement of the stakeholders in the co-production of the event to increase their engagement and mutual awareness. Researchers, young people, citizens and, for the first time, industries will participate together to create a unique event. In addition, the 2015 edition will be the 10th anniversary of the Night in Piedmont and in Europe, a milestone to assess the impact of the event. The acronym TRACKS intends to represent the scientific method that researchers use in their work, the way that science and technology are making within society and the need for society to get involved into science and technology, the route that young people can take for their future and the track that policy makers and citizens can choose to address in an innovative and democratic way the challenges of our time, as pointed out by Horizon 2020. In terms of communication and impact, the novelty introduced in 2013 The human face of research will allow public and researchers to meet before and after the Night on the web and through the new media to represent the impact that the Night has had in its first 10 years on the society. For this reason we suggest to extend this project to celebrate the 10th anniversary of the event throughout the EU and we have the intention to cooperate with the EU Commission in such context. Needless to say, the best traditional activities of the previous editions will continue in all venues but especially the European Coffee corner for science, a very appealing space where the public can get in touch with researchers and learn about the European dimension of science. The Night in Piedmont will also be an opportunity to promote in 2014 an active participation in the International Year of Light 2015 and of course in the EXPO2015.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2011-ITN | Award Amount: 3.38M | Year: 2012

Networks are ubiquitous in all aspects of human existence. They manifest themselves in everyday life, they underpin the most advanced information and communication technologies, and they provide a powerful framework for addressing a wide spectrum of complex problems in the natural sciences, in engineering, and in economics and the social sciences. Networks, network-related science, and network-based technologies are thus of central importance to maintaining and improving human well-being as well as improving economic, technological, and scientific competitiveness. Statistical physics offers a powerful set of concepts and methods to analyze problems of exactly the type posed by todays key challenges in network science. While the European statistical physics community has an established tradition of coordinated cross-border research collaborations in this area, there has been so far no significant European coordination effort on the initial training side. The proposed ITN is set to fill that gap. Its aim is to train a cadre of future research leaders in advanced methods of analysis, inference, control and optimization of network structure and dynamics, thus maximizing the impact of statistical physics approaches across a broad range of application areas. The ITN will create an innovative training environment by exploiting synergies and complementarities of a research matrix defined by methods and themes on the one hand, and application foci on the other. It will be implemented by targeted secondments of early stage researchers across both axes of the research matrix. Existing local training provision and dedicated network-wide training events will be exploited to ensure that researchers are systematically exposed to the full range of statistical physics techniques and application domains, covered by the 9 leading European research teams and 4 private sector partners integrated into this effort, and will comprise complementary skills training as an integral part.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: COMPET-02-2014 | Award Amount: 2.78M | Year: 2015

Today, the amount of telemetry data from the sensors in the upper stages of a launch vehicle is very restricted, due to limited on-board-computing capacities combined with limited data bandwidth to ground. As a result, no detailed information about the various phases of the flight is available. Massively extended Modular Monitoring for Upper Stages (MaMMoTH-Up) will improve the amount of monitored data by a factor of more than 2500 by integrating four key objectives, which are 1. a self-configuring monitoring framework that will selectively observe, pre-process, and compress sensor data, 2. Components off the Shelf (COTS) that provide improved computing performance on a launcher, 3. design solutions guaranteeing the required levels of dependability, even when using relatively unreliable COTS components, and 4. a tight coupling with advanced dependability analysis. Achieving these 4 goals is scientifically and practically highly relevant. A demonstrator at TRL 6 will show the advantages of the new monitoring infrastructure and a virtual prototype proves the advanced dependability enhancements. Thus, MaMMoTH-Up will provide a framework and a proof-of-concept for next-generation avionics solutions for a launcher based on COTS. Moreover, the work plan provides the path to realization, potentially including a demo-flight at the end of the project. The proposed technology is complementary with on-going launcher developments. The usage of COTS will represent a direct advantage over competitors; this will decrease time-to-market and decrease the European dependence on external suppliers. MaMMoTH-Up directly addresses the call COMPET-2-2014 by providing an innovative avionics solution for safer and more reliable launch operations for conventional launching systems. The solution developed within MaMMoTH-Up strengthens competitiveness and cost-efficiency having an immediate commercial potential.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: AAT.2008.4.4.1. | Award Amount: 54.79M | Year: 2009

The IMG4 project CRESCENDO addresses the Vision 2020 objectives for the aeronautical industry by contributing significantly to the fulfilment of three specific targets of the aeronautical industrys Strategic Research Agenda. CRESCENDO will develop the foundations for the Behavioural Digital Aircraft (BDA), taking experience and results from VIVACE, and integrating these into a federative system and building the BDA on top of them. Main components of the BDA are: the Model Store, the Simulation Factory, the Quality Laboratory, and the Enterprise Collaboration Capabilities. It will be validated through use cases and test cases concerning Power Plant Integration, Energy Aircraft, Thermal Aircraft and Value Generation design problems and viewpoints during the preliminary design, detailed design, and test and certification phases of a generic aircraft product life-cycle. The BDA will become the new backbone for the simulation world, just as the Digital Mock-up (DMU) is today for the Product Life-cycle Management (PLM) world. This is considered a challenging area for research and innovation for the next decade. Hence, the CRESCENDO results will provide the aeronautics supply chain with the means to realistically manage and mature the virtual product in the extended/virtual enterprise with all of the requested functionality and components in each phase of the product engineering life cycle. CRESCENDO will make its approach available to the aeronautics supply chain via existing networks, information dissemination, training and technology transfer actions. The project will be organised into six subprojects: four technical and business-oriented subprojects, one Enabling Capabilities subproject which will deliver the BDA and a sixth subproject, responsible for consortium management and innovation issues. CRESCENDO will bring together 59 partners from industry, research institutes, universities and technology providers.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.8.0 | Award Amount: 2.60M | Year: 2011

STAMINA will leverage statistical physics inspired methods to deliver a novel foundational framework for managing complexity in information network mega-structures and for efficientlly solving large-scale network optimization problems that are intractable by classical methods.Recent success stories like the effective decoding of LDPC codes in information theory support the great promise of the approach.A cross-disciplinary work plan is proposed, at the interface of statistical physics, networking and computer science.A network optimization problem with given objective over a space of possible configurations is mapped to a statistical physics problem instance with probability distribution over possible configurations.Solving the optimization problem is equivalent to finding minimum energy configurations where probability distribution concentrates.Statistical mechanics theories from spin glass and disordered systems will establish fundamental connections among atomic micro-interactions, emergent network behaviour and phase transitions.Belief propagation message passing methods will be harnessed, that disassemble the hard centralized combinatorial problem to iterative lightweight local messaging, thus achieving autonomic network control at no cost for solution dissemination, and promoting green computing through ultra-low processing load.Flexibility and simplicity enable real-time adaptation at different time scales of variations through online construction of solutions.Three challenging case studies (energy-prudent control at device and network level, resource management regimes for optimal transport capacity and latency, and inference of hidden network states) serve as proof-of-concept for enabling novel, currently suppressed functionalities.A solid validation plan is laid, with large-scale simulation and test-bed experimentation. Notable achievements of members of our team make us optimistic about the potential of the methods and motivate our research agenda.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.6.2 | Award Amount: 21.57M | Year: 2008

The Intelligent Car Initiative has identified road safety, energy efficiency, and traffic congestion as the main challenges currently being faced by European transportation. Despite their severity, these issues may be improved with the use of new in-vehicle technologies currently not available in the market. However, implementing new technologies implies a risk to manufacturers. Factors such as different markets, user acceptance, and real-world driving conditions are difficult to assess before in-the-field testing. This restricts our capabilities for making the correct business and political decisions for deployment, and for understanding which aspects would benefit from further development the most. The goal of EuroFOT is to identify and coordinate an in-the-field testing of new Intelligent Vehicle Systems with the potential for improving the quality of European road traffic. This permits assessing their effectiveness on actual roads, while determining how they perform towards the intended objectives. In addition, this offers an early publicity of the technologies, and enables the analysis of the user acceptance and its subsequent potential for market penetration. This will be accomplished through a series of discrete steps. First, EuroFOT will specify a test plan identifying proper driving scenarios, factors with maximum safety potential, and expected results. Subsequent steps will involve the recruitment and training of customers, with the necessary installation of data loggers into their vehicles. In this way, customers will drive and collect data under normal driving conditions. During the final section, EuroFOT will analyse both objective and subjective data describing the driver behaviour and adaptation, vehicle dynamics, and system acceptance. This will permit EuroFOT to be considered representative of ordinary driving conditions in European roads, and ultimately evaluate the overall effectiveness and feasibility of Intelligent Vehicle Systems.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: GALILEO-4-2014 | Award Amount: 1.67M | Year: 2015

The scope of the proposal is to strengthen the interaction between the areas of education-research-industry in Europe, leveraging on past activities already undertaken in this field, in order to consolidate a strong EGNSS knowledge triangle, i.e. a solid network for the creation of a critical mass involving the relevant actors in the three areas with the final objective of supporting the European economy development. The project approach is in line with the general policy of the H2020 programme, for the capacity building and critical mass creation in strategic areas, so to increase Europe competitiveness and attract investments from outside Europe. In GNSS this can only be realized by investing on a strong coordination between science and industry to fill the gap with respect to other areas of the world. Indeed the poor links between Industry and Research in Europe versus e.g. the US is permanently quoted as one of the reason of the constraints on innovation With respect to previous projects in the field (ERIG, G-TRAIN, GENIUS), the focus will be more on the innovation transfer to the industry field, the support to the creation of innovative downstream applications and the consolidation of the links and of the initiatives beyond the project duration.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: NMBP-24-2016 | Award Amount: 3.95M | Year: 2016

The aim of the EMMC-CSA is to establish current and forward looking complementary activities necessary to bring the field of materials modelling closer to the demands of manufacturers (both small and large enterprises) in Europe. The ultimate goal is that materials modelling and simulation will become an integral part of product life cycle management in European industry, thereby making a strong contribution to enhance innovation and competitiveness on a global level. Based on intensive efforts in the past two years within the European Materials Modelling Council (EMMC) which included numerous consultation and networking actions with representatives of all stakeholders including Modellers, Software Owners, Translators and Manufacturers in Europe, the EMMC identified and proposed a set of underpinning and enabling actions to increase the industrial exploitation of materials modelling in Europe EMMC-CSA will pursue the following overarching objectives in order to establish and strengthen the underpinning foundations of materials modelling in Europe and bridge the gap between academic innovation and industrial application: 1. Enhance the interaction and collaboration between all stakeholders engaged in different types of materials modelling, including modellers, software owners, translators and manufacturers. 2. Facilitate integrated materials modelling in Europe building on strong and coherent foundations. 3. Coordinate and support actors and mechanisms that enable rapid transfer of materials modelling from academic innovation to the end users and potential beneficiaries in industry. 4. Achieve greater awareness and uptake of materials modelling in industry, in particular SMEs. 5. Elaborate Roadmaps that (i) identify major obstacles to widening the use of materials modelling in European industry and (ii) elaborate strategies to overcome them. This EMMC-CSA stems directly out of the actions of the EMMC and will continue and build upon its existing activities.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: MSCA-NIGHT-2016 | Award Amount: 271.75K | Year: 2016

The European Researchers Night (ERN) has become an annual tradition in Piedmont thanks to an extraordinary 10 years experience that has made citizens of all ages eagerly awaiting this appointment with the scientific vocation of our district and the European Commission. The CLOSER project will involve all the 8 provinces of Piedmont and the major city of the Aosta Valley (who recently joined the project), treasuring the capitalized experience of the past editions: it will build on the results achieved along this thrilling journey and move forward, also on the basis of the European agenda defined by H2020 in relation to the science and society issues. The acronym CLOSER reflects the whole thread of this proposal, which aims at establishing an alliance between researchers and the various societal actors by bringing them closer to one another, using the RRI approach to encourage them to take responsibility and work together to design a sustainable, ethically acceptable and socially desirable future. For this purpose, specific actions will be devised to actively engage citizens, schools and young people, policy makers and industries, who wont be just the audience but the protagonists of each of the proposed action. A special programme will particularly target young people to foster their interest in scientific careers. In addition, CLOSER aims at strengthening the European citizenship feeling of the public involved as well as increasing their awareness of the importance of the European dimension in research through specific activities such as the European Stage for Research and Innovation, A talk with young research! and The Human Face of Research. To realise such an ambitious programme, the engagement of a large, trans-disciplinary, gender-balanced community of researchers committed to public engagement will be vital: CLOSER will provide them with innovative, creative formats of communication that will strengthen their capability of communicating their research.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: FCH2-RIA | Phase: FCH-02.4-2015 | Award Amount: 4.50M | Year: 2016

High-temperature electrolysis (HT electrolysis) is one of the most promising technologies to address the European Commissions Roadmap to a competitive low-carbon economy in 2050. Because a significant share of the energy input is provided in the form of heat, HT electrolysis achieves higher electrical system efficiency compared to low temperature electrolysis technologies. Therefore, the main objectives of the GrInHy project focus on: Proof of reaching an overall electrical efficiency of at least 80 %LHV (ca. 95 %HHV); Scaling-up the SOEC unit to a DC power input (stack level) of 120 kWel; Reaching a lifetime of greater 10,000 h with a degradation rate below 1 %/1,000 h; Integration and operation for at least 7,000 h meeting the hydrogen quality standards of the steel industry; Additional project objectives are: Elaboration of an Exploitation Roadmap for cost reducing measures; Development of dependable system cost data; Integration of a reversible operation mode (fuel cell mode); The objectives are congruent with the call FCH-02.4-2015 and the Multi Annual Work Plan of the FCH JU. The proof-of-concept will take place in the relevant environment of an integrated iron and steel works. Its existing infrastructure and metallurgical processes, which provide the necessary waste heat, increase the projects cost-effectiveness and minimize the electrical power demand of auxiliaries. As a result, the electrical efficiency of 80 % will be achieved by operating the HT electrolyser close to the thermal-neutral operation point. The installation will consist of an optimized multi-stack module design with 6 stacks modules in parallel (total capacity: 120 kWel). The last project year is dedicated to the testing of 7,000 h and more. This will be achieved due to a high degree of existing knowledge at system level. Lifetime and degradation targets have already been fulfilled at cell level and will be verified by testing an enhanced stack.

Bellouquid A.,Cadi Ayyad University | De Angelis E.,Polytechnic University of Turin
Nonlinear Analysis: Real World Applications | Year: 2011

This paper deals with the derivation of macroscopic equations of biological tissues for a class of nonlinear equations, with quadratic type nonlinearity, modeling complex multicellular systems. Cellular interactions generate both modification of biological functions and proliferative/destructive events. The asymptotic analysis refers to the derivation of hyperbolic models focused on the influence of existence of a global equilibrium solution. The asymptotic analysis shows how the macroscopic tissue behavior can be described from the underlying cellular description and that this specific biological state modifies the structure of the models obtained by different assumptions. The approach is proposed as an alternative to the phenomenological of continuum mechanics for growing tissues. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: | Phase: | Award Amount: 5.18M | Year: 2008

The FEDERICA project has the following main objectives: - Support research experiments on new Internet architectures and protocols, - Create a versatile, scalable, European wide technology agnostic infrastructure, separated from the production networks, but with the possibility to interoperate, - Be open to host researchers hardware and applications, FEDERICA adopt the paradigm that the infrastructure is the network. The traditional model of core and edges is replaced by a quasi-homogeneous network, where each node is defined according to its functions, rather than through its position and the logical and node functions topology can be easily changed. The infrastructure can be adapted to whatever the user wants it to be. Particular features are: - Simultaneous use by more than one research group, - Availability of the infrastructure for Call1 Network of the Future and Call2 FIRE, - Exploiting the excellent networking facilities that are available in Europe. The project will network, in terms of: - Facilitating technical discussion amongst specialist, - Providing preliminary information and results for the next generation of the NREN networks, and link with GEANT2 and as a pre-experimental phase for GEANT3, - Contributing with real test case and results to standardization bodies, e.g. IETF, ITU-T, OIF, IPsphere. Research will be undertaken to: - Understand and produce initial solutions on management and control of distributed, parallel, virtual networks which may communicate between them and with the general Internet, - Develop experience and a model for managing and using virtual infrastructures as a combination of networks and systems, - Open the infrastructure to any application type (application can be a test), - Use, test and advance the tools and services being developed by GN2, NRENs and partners, in particular for end-to-end services, - Enable the graceful implementation of new inter-domain service layer.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.1.1 | Award Amount: 16.47M | Year: 2008

The ALPHA project addresses the challenges of building the future access and all types of in-building networks for home and office environments. The proposal supports the evolution towards a cognitive network by dynamically utilising the resources of an optical network infrastructure to support a heterogeneous environment of wired and wireless technologies.\nThe project investigates innovative architectural and transmission solutions based on the manifold of optical fibres (single-, multi-mode and plastic) as well as wireless technology to support both wired and wireless services in a converged network infrastructure. The focus is on using the newest physical layer achievements and adequate management and control algorithms to reach a yet unprecedented end-to-end provisioned capacity for access and in-building networks at a fraction of the price of todays technologies and to simultaneously include the transport of existing 2G/3G and Beyond 3G (B3G) signals whether they are Internet Protocol (IP) or non-IP-based.\n\nThe project starts with analysing the potential future bandwidth and quality-of-service (QoS) requirements which can be posed by future services in the scope of access and in-building networks such as Ultra HD Video, Local Storage Area Network, remote medical applications and others, and mapping those requirements into network specifications. The questions on the best applicable media, necessity for optical layer dynamics, compatibility of network types at the physical layer, foundations for better QoS provisioning and embedding of 2G/3G and B3G signals into the networks are then addressed within the project.\n\nThe project pursues experimental validations of close-to-maturity technologies in laboratory tests and field trials by intensively exploiting the three project testbeds. The project also includes long-term research activities targeting to improve the existing technologies, and follows an intensive dissemination and standardisation strategy.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: JTI-CP-ARTEMIS | Phase: SP1-JTI-ARTEMIS-2012-AIPP1 | Award Amount: 81.51M | Year: 2013

CRYSTAL aims at fostering Europes leading edge position in embedded systems engineering in particular regarding quality and cost effectiveness of safety-critical embedded systems and architecture platforms. Its overall goal is to enable sustainable paths to speed up the maturation, integration, and cross-sectoral reusability of technological and methodological bricks of the factories for safety-critical embedded systems engineering in the areas of transportation (aerospace, automotive, and rail) and healthcare providing a critical mass of European technology providers. CRYSTAL perfectly fits to other ARTEMIS projects, sharing the concept of a reference technology platform (RTP) as a consistent set of integration principles and seamless technology interoperability standards. Based on the methodologies of a service-oriented architecture and the results of previous projects CRYSTAL focuses on an industry-driven approach using cross-domain user stories, domain-specific use cases, public use cases, and technology bricks. This shall have a significant impact to strengthen European competitiveness regarding new markets and societal applications. In building an overall interoperability domain embedded systems, CRYSTAL will contribute to establishing a standard for model-based systems engineering in a certification and safety context which is expected to have global impact. By bringing together large enterprises and various industrial domains CRYSTAL will setup a sustainable innovation eco-system. By harmonizing the demands in the development of safety-relevant embedded systems including multi-viewpoint engineering and variability management across different industrial domains, CRYSTAL will achieve a strong acceptance from both vendors and the open-source community. CRYSTAL will drive forward interoperability towards a de facto standard providing an interoperable European RTP. Approved by the JU on 20-03-2015

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: AAT.2011.4.4-5. | Award Amount: 34.53M | Year: 2011

The All-Electric Aircraft is a major target for the next generation of aircraft to lower consumption of non-propulsive power and thus fuel burn. To eliminate hydraulic circuits, pumps and reservoirs, Electro Mechanical Actuators (EMA) are mandatory but now need to meet cost, reliability and weight requirements from the airframers. ACTUATION 2015 aims to develop and validate a common set of standardised, modular and scalable EMA resources for all actuators (flight control, high lift, main landing gear, door, thrust reverser) and all types of aircraft (business/regional/commercial airplanes and helicopters). Compared to the A320, ACTUATION 2015 will reduce the overall Life Cycle Costs of actuators by 30%, improve reliability by 30% and reduce aircraft weight by 500kg. The project relies on recent advances made in EU and national projects to integrate the required technologies (solid state power distribution, power electronics, operation in harsh conditions, jam tolerant EMA) to overcome the current barriers to EMA and mature EMA technologies to TRL 5. Standardising EMA modules (motors, power drive electronics, mechanics, sensing) will be a key enabler to succeed in achieving cost objectives and developing the supply chain. Standardisation will start during the project with the support of a standardisation body (CEN). The technical approach will be to gather detailed airframes requirements, specify a set of standard modules and develop prototypes for assessment at component and actuator level through rig tests and the virtual validation of modules. In parallel, a unified EMA design process supported by standard methods and tools will also be developed. ACTUATION 2015 will complement existing projects, notably CLEAN SKY SGO with an EMA solution, and pave the way towards the ACARE 2020 All-Electric Aircraft. ACTUATION 2015 is a 4,5 year integrated project comprising 54 partners representing the European stakeholders of the actuation and airframe sectors from 12 countries

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: JTI-CP-ARTEMIS | Phase: SP1-JTI-ARTEMIS-2011-6;SP1-JTI-ARTEMIS-2011-3 | Award Amount: 19.67M | Year: 2012

Large scale societal challenges require large scale monitoring and control solutions. Technological developments will make it possible to design and build these large systems. A major obstacle in realizing these systems is the lack of a versatile methodology to design and implement adaptive monitoring and control systems taking into account intrinsic properties of system of systems (decentralization, dynamic requirements, continuous evolution and changing components). The goal of DEMANES is to provide component-based methods, framework and tools for development of runtime adaptive systems, making them capable of reacting to changes in themselves, in their environment (battery state, availability and throughput of the network connection, availability of external services, etc.) and in user needs (requirements). to model the architecture and the operation of adaptive systems to support the design process of such systems by providing simulation and evaluation environments and test-beds to support the implementation of such system by providing services for self organization, reconfiguration and self optimization as parts of the execution environment to verify and test adaptive systems to monitor the internal and external operational conditions and manage adaptation at run time. In order to go beyond the state of the art DEMANES combines recent advances from systems and control engineering. The concept, methodology and tools developed in DEMANES will be validated and demonstrated in three use cases: smart urban transport, smart airport and smart home. To reach the ambitious goals of DEMANES in the spirit of the ARTEMIS programme a large consortium is necessary to cover the range of disciplines necessary. The partners in the DEMANES consortium are complementary in terms of technical competencies and organizational, business and market experience. .. APPROVED BY ARTEMIS-JU on 17-03-2015

News Article | January 19, 2016
Site: www.nanotech-now.com

Abstract: An international, interdisciplinary team of researchers is developing highly porous biomaterials for localised release of therapeutic ions and drugs in the MOZART project which has received 4.65 million euros in funding. Materials scientist Prof. Dr. Aldo R. Boccaccini is head of the team of researchers at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU), one of the project’s academic partners. MOZART is being funded by Horizon 2020, the EU Framework Programme for Research and Innovation. The body’s powers of regeneration sometimes fail. Around 350,000 people a year suffer from broken bones that cannot heal by themselves, while around 2.2 million patients with conditions such as diabetes have to cope with chronic open wounds. MOZART (Mesoporous matrices for localized pH-triggered release of therapeutic ions and drugs) aims to help these patients. The goal of the project is to use mesoporous – i.e. highly porous – silicate nanomaterials to support bone and wound healing. The team of FAU researchers led by Prof. Dr. Aldo R. Boccaccini, Chair of Biomaterials, are developing new inorganic and mesoporous materials whose pores are approximately ten nanometres in size and which have a unique chemical composition. ‘The pores of these bioactive particles will be enriched with active agents and are designed to release medication locally in a controlled manner, meaning that the active agent is released in the location where it is required,’ Prof. Boccaccini explains. ‘This allows doses to be reduced and side affects to be avoided.’ The overall goal of the four-year project is to develop a database of new and bioactive nanomatrices. ‘We are delighted that we are able to contribute our expertise to such an important project,’ Prof. Boccaccini says. ‘If our new and innovative developments can be used in clinical application, this will benefit patients and enrich Europe’s healthcare sector.’ The MOZART consortium consists of five high-tech SMEs and six European universities, including FAU, the Polytechnic University of Turin, Complutense University of Madrid and the University of Sheffield. The European Commission is funding the project with a total of 4.65 million euros. As an academic partner, FAU’s Institute for Biomaterials has been allocated around 382,000 euros of this funding. For more information, please click If you have a comment, please us. Issuers of news releases, not 7th Wave, Inc. or Nanotechnology Now, are solely responsible for the accuracy of the content.

News Article | August 22, 2016
Site: www.spie.org

A computationally efficient theoretical approach is used to assess the performance of novel devices with directly emitting optical vortex modes. With the increasing amount of information that travels in telecommunication systems, single-mode fiber-based infrastructures are no longer sufficient, and there is a continuous need to improve the transmission channel capacity. Among the approaches currently being explored, mode-division multiplexing is one of the most appealing. In this technique—because modes with different topological charge (ℓ) are orthogonal—an additional degree of freedom (i.e., the spatial dimension) can be added to the well-established time, wavelength, polarization, and coding schemes.1–4 Although this new dimension has already been successfully implemented in architectures that are based on digital signal processors (DSPs),1, 2 the huge amount of data still leads to an extremely high power consumption. A passive, full-optical solution would therefore minimize DSP usage and the related power requirements, and would fit well within a ‘green technology’ paradigm. Mastering the orbital angular momentum (OAM) of light is currently one of the most popular topics in the field of optics. Since the OAM of light was first described with simplified mathematical models of laser beams (Laguerre–Gaussian beams),6 several researchers have exploited the concept in a large variety of applications. These applications include optical manipulation,7 imaging,8, 9 single-photon detection,10 and mode multiplexing/demultiplexing.11, 12 Indeed, one of the most critical aspects of realizing a passive, full-optical approach for the enhancement of the telecommunication channel capacity is the generation of OAM light modes in optical fibers. Such modes are usually obtained from standard laser beams with the use of a mode converter. Several conversion techniques—based on bulky optical components—have been extensively described in the literature, e.g., hologram-based techniques that exploit computer-programmed spatial light modulators,13, 14 as well as modal filters that are based on the use of spiral-phase plates (SPPs) and that impress the azimuthal angular momentum onto the beam.15 Although these methods are well-established for bulk optics systems, light sources that directly emit OAM modes have yet to be realized and they would represent a major leap toward the implementation of fully integrated high-capacity networks. In our work we have conducted a parametric investigation of the modal performance of single-mode single-polarization vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs) that are loaded with a micro-SPP. Our theoretical work, for which we used our in-house VCSEL electromagnetic (VELM) simulator,16 was designed to complement previous experimental work (by another group) in which the commercial VCSEL loaded with a micro-SPP was proposed (see Figure 1).17 VCSELs are axisymmetric semiconductor lasers that radiate orthogonally to their constituent layers. These layers serve as high-reflectivity mirrors and define the 1λ cavity (where λ is the wavelength) of the VCSEL resonator.18 In addition, the circular radiation feature of VCSELs makes them optimal for fiber coupling. In aluminum gallium arsenide VCSELs, an oxide aperture acts as a guide for the optical field and the electric current. This feature, combined with the high reflectivity of the mirrors, means that low threshold currents (at the milliamp level) and high efficiencies can be achieved. Furthermore, the radiation from these devices is emitted at a wavelength of about 850nm, i.e., where the electrically pumped gallium arsenide quantum wells that compose the active region exhibit the maximum material gain. Figure 1. Schematic diagram of a vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL), loaded with a spiral-phase plate (SPP), which can be used to generate an orbital angular momentum (OAM) beam. The sub-wavelength (SW) grating and axes are not shown to scale. Schematic diagram of a vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL), loaded with a spiral-phase plate (SPP), which can be used to generate an orbital angular momentum (OAM) beam. The sub-wavelength (SW) grating and axes are not shown to scale. 5 The experimentally produced SPP-VCSEL was obtained by growing a pillar of silicon nitride on the emitting aperture, and a focused ion beam manufacturing process was used to obtain the SPP.17 In the experimental study, it was also shown that the device could directly emit OAM modes. This SPP-VCSEL device is thus an extremely interesting prospect owing to its compactness, low power consumption, and low cost. Our theoretical work is based on expanding the unknown VCSEL field, in terms of cylindrical wave functions. In our approach, the expansion coefficients are propagated by means of a generalized transmission matrix formalism, which is based on coupled-mode theory. The condition of a mode repeating itself after a full-cavity round-trip is rephrased in terms of an eigenproblem. Its solutions provide the modal wavelengths, the corresponding threshold gains, and field topographies. Our technique is computationally efficient and finds the modes of complex 3D structures (not axisymmetric) within a few minutes on a modern PC.19, 20 As an example, the simulated field profiles for an unprocessed VCSEL and for three micro-SPP geometries (used to obtain OAM beams with different topological charges) are shown in Figure 2. Figure 2. Modal profiles of four VCSEL devices. (a) A bare device and three devices loaded with SPPs that have topological charge (ℓ) of (b) 1, (c) 2, and (d) 3. The maps in the top part of the figure show a 30 ×30μm2area, at a distance of 100μm from the outcoupling section. The images in the middle row are cross-sectional cuts—in the x (transverse coordinate) and z (longitudinal coordinate) directions—through the field intensity. The transverse geometries of the devices (with the SPPs in red) are shown at the bottom. Ox. aper.: Oxide aperture. E: Electric field. Ex: Component of the electric field in the x-direction. Re(Ex): Real part of Ex. Modal profiles of four VCSEL devices. (a) A bare device and three devices loaded with SPPs that have topological charge (ℓ) of (b) 1, (c) 2, and (d) 3. The maps in the top part of the figure show a 30 ×30μmarea, at a distance of 100μm from the outcoupling section. The images in the middle row are cross-sectional cuts—in the x (transverse coordinate) and z (longitudinal coordinate) directions—through the field intensity. The transverse geometries of the devices (with the SPPs in red) are shown at the bottom. Ox. aper.: Oxide aperture. E: Electric field. Ex: Component of the electric field in the x-direction. Re(Ex): Real part of Ex. 5 We present the results of a preliminary, qualitative comparison between the modes of the SPP-VCSEL device (ℓ of 1) and their ideal (i.e., Laguerre–Gaussian) counterparts in Figure 3. From our VELM results it is also possible to compute a more quantitative estimate of the OAM mode's purity and to thus evaluate the modal performance of the device.5 The simulated mode purities agree with the measured values previously reported.17 For instance, we obtain results of 85, 86, and 78% for the fields in Figure 2(b–d). These results compare well with the experimental data for the corresponding fields, i.e., 89, 84, and 78%, respectively. In an extended simulation campaign, we proved the robustness of the SPP-VCSEL design for most variations. We found only one exception, which was the SPP misalignment with respect to the VCSEL axis. From our results shown in Figure 4, a degradation of the far-field patterns can be observed. In addition, the decreasing efficiency trend, with increasing misalignment, is illustrated. Figure 3. (Left) Far-field (E ) intensity and (right) phase maps of (top) an ideal Laguerre-Gaussian mode and (bottom) the mode emitted by the ℓ=1SPP-VCSEL. revs: Revolutions. (Left) Far-field (E) intensity and (right) phase maps of (top) an ideal Laguerre-Gaussian mode and (bottom) the mode emitted by the ℓ=1SPP-VCSEL. revs: Revolutions. 5 Figure 4. The effect of misalignment (the distance between the SPP and VCSEL axes) on ℓ=1SPP-VCSEL mode. Far-field intensity maps are shown on the left, where the misalignment (Mis) and mode purity (Pur) are given in nm. (Right) The relationship between mode purity and misalignment. The effect of misalignment (the distance between the SPP and VCSEL axes) on ℓ=1SPP-VCSEL mode. Far-field intensity maps are shown on the left, where the misalignment (Mis) and mode purity (Pur) are given in nm. (Right) The relationship between mode purity and misalignment. 5 In summary, we have developed a theoretical approach to assess the modal performance of VCSELs. In particular, we have used our computationally efficient technique to verify a previously experimentally proposed device that is loaded with a spiral-phase plate. The effectiveness, speed, and reliability of our VELM simulator also open up the possibility of exploring other implementations of SPP-VCSELs. In our future work, supported by technological affordability studies, we hope to further develop these devices, improve the purity of the emitted OAM modes, and reduce the manufacturing costs associated with the VCSELs. Department of Electronics and Telecommunications Polytechnic University of Turin Department of Electronics and TelecommunicationsPolytechnic University of Turin Department of Electronics, Information and Bioengineering Polytechnic University of Milan Department of Electronics, Information and BioengineeringPolytechnic University of Milan 1. P. J. Winzer, Spatial multiplexing in fiber optics: the 10× scaling of metro/core capabilities, Bell Labs Tech. J. 19, p. 22-30, 2014. 2. R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, et al., Mode-division multiplexing over 96km of few-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 MIMO processing, J. Lightwave Technol. 30, p. 521-531, 2012. 6. L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, J. P. Woerdman, Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes, Phys. Rev. A 45, p. 8185-8190, 1992. 7. H. He, M. E. J. Friese, N. R. Heckenberg, H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, Direct observation of transfer of angular momentum to absorptive particles from a laser beam with a phase singularity, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, p. 826-831, 1995. 19. P. Debernardi, B. Kogel, K. Zogal, P. Meissner, M. Maute, M. Ortsiefer, G. Bohm, M.-C. Amann, Modal properties of long-wavelength tunable MEMS-VCSELs with curved mirrors: comparison of experiment and modeling, IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 44, p. 391-399, 2008.

Dozio L.,Polytechnic of Milan | Carrera E.,Polytechnic University of Turin
Journal of Sound and Vibration | Year: 2011

A new variable kinematic Ritz method applied to free vibration analysis of arbitrary quadrilateral thin and thick isotropic plates is presented. Carrera's unified formulation and the versatile pb-2 Ritz method are properly combined to build a powerful yet simple modeling and solution framework. The proposed technique allows to generate arbitrarily accurate Ritz solutions from a large variety of refined two-dimensional plate theories by expanding so-called Ritz fundamental nuclei of the plate mass and stiffness matrices. Theoretical development of the present methodology is described in detail. Convergence and accuracy of the method are examined through several examples on thin, moderately thick, and very thick plates of rectangular, skew, trapezoidal and general quadrilateral shapes, with an arbitrary combination of clamped, free and simply supported edges. Present results are compared with existing three-dimensional solutions from open literature. Maximum and average differences of various higher-order plate theories and three-dimensional results are also presented with the aim of providing useful guidelines on the choice of appropriate plate theory to get a desired accuracy on frequency parameters. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Alfieri A.,Polytechnic University of Turin | Matta A.,Polytechnic of Milan
Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing | Year: 2012

Pull policies may perform quite differently depending on the particular manufacturing system they must control. Hence, it is clear the necessity of having efficient performance evaluation models to select the best control policy in a specific context. This paper proposes a mathematical programming representation of the main pull control policies applied to single-product serial manufacturing systems. The proposed models simulate the pull controlled system in the sense that, if instantiated with the same parameter values as in a simulation model, their solution gives the same event sequence of the simulation. The proposed mathematical representation is also used for a formal comparison of the considered pull control policies. The new models presented in this paper can represent a base to build new efficient optimization algorithms for the design of pull controlled production systems. © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009.

Dozio L.,Polytechnic of Milan | Carrera E.,Polytechnic University of Turin
Composite Structures | Year: 2012

A variable-kinematic Ritz formulation based on two-dimensional higher-order layerwise and equivalent single-layer theories is described in this paper to accurately predict free vibration of thick and thin, rectangular and skew multilayered plates with clamped, free and simply-supported boundary conditions. The main result is the derivation at a layer level of so-called Ritz fundamental nuclei for the stiffness and mass matrices which are invariant with respect to both the assumed kinematic model and the type of Ritz functions. In this work, products of Chebyshev polynomials and boundary-compliant functions are chosen as admissible trial set. After studying the convergence of the method, its accuracy is evaluated, in terms of frequency parameters and through-the-thickness distribution of modal displacements, by comparison with some reference results available in the literature. Results for sandwich plates with soft core are given for the first time, which may serve as benchmark values for future research. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.

Marano V.,Ohio State University | Rizzo G.,University of Salerno | Tiano F.A.,Polytechnic University of Turin
Applied Energy | Year: 2012

A model for thermo-economic analysis and optimization of a hybrid power plant consisting of compressed air energy storage (CAES) coupled with a wind farm and a photovoltaic plant is presented. This kind of plant is aiming to overcome some of the major limitations of renewable energy sources, represented by their low power density and intermittent nature, largely depending upon local site and unpredictable weather conditions. In CAES, energy is stored in the form of compressed air in a reservoir during off-peak periods, while it is used on demand during peak periods to generate power with a turbo-generator system. Such plants can offer significant benefits in terms of flexibility in matching a fluctuating power demand, particularly when coupled with renewable sources, characterized by high and often unpredictable variability. A mathematical model, validated in a previous study over the CAES plant in Alabama, US, is coupled with a dynamic programming algorithm to achieve the optimal management of the plant, in order to minimize operational costs while satisfying constraints related to the operation of reservoir, compressors and turbines, also considering their off-design performance. The potential benefits of such plant in terms of energy consumption and CO2 emission are analyzed and discussed, for different configurations and scenarios. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.

Franzoni C.,Polytechnic of Milan | Scellato G.,Polytechnic University of Turin | Scellato G.,Bureau of Research on Innovation | Stephan P.,Georgia State University | And 2 more authors.
Science | Year: 2011

National incentive policies relate to increases in research article submissions and publications in Science.

Baralis E.,Polytechnic University of Turin | Cagliero L.,Polytechnic University of Turin | Cerquitelli T.,Polytechnic University of Turin | Garza P.,Polytechnic of Milan
Information Sciences | Year: 2012

Generalized association rule extraction is a powerful tool to discover a high level view of the interesting patterns hidden in the analyzed data. However, since the patterns are extracted at any level of abstraction, the mined rule set may be too large to be effectively exploited in the decision making process. Thus, to discover valuable and interesting knowledge a post-processing step is usually required. This paper presents the CoGAR framework to efficiently support constrained generalized association rule mining. The generalization process of CoGAR exploits a (user-provided) multiple-taxonomy to drive an opportunistic itemset generalization process, which prevents discarding relevant but infrequent knowledge by aggregating features at different granularity levels. Besides the traditional support and confidence constraints, two further constraints are enforced: (i) schema constraints and (ii) the opportunistic confidence constraint. Schema constraints allow the analyst to specify the structure of the patterns of interest and drive the itemset mining phase. The opportunistic confidence constraint, a new constraint proposed in this paper, allows us to discriminate between significant and redundant rules by analyzing similar rules belonging to different abstraction levels. This constraint is enforced during the rule generation step. Experiments performed on real datasets collected in two different application domains show the effectiveness and the efficiency of the proposed framework in mining constrained generalized association rules. © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: GC-ICT-2011.6.8 | Award Amount: 4.27M | Year: 2012

This project will be carried out within the FP7 Work Programme 2011 COOPERATION of the European Commission addressing the objective GC-ICT-2011.6.8 ICT for fully electric vehicles. In particular, the project aims at fulfilling the specific targeted outcome f): Integration of the FEV in the cooperative transport infrastructure. It proposes will develop an integrated IT platform that enables the connection and information exchanges between multiple infrastructure systems that are relevant to the FEV such as road IT infrastructure, EV backend infrastructure and EV charging infrastructure. Over this platform, multiple advanced electric mobility services are able to be provided to FEV users to improve the energy management efficiency and usability of the FEV.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: MG-5.4-2015 | Award Amount: 4.11M | Year: 2016

SUITS takes a sociotechnical approach to capacity building in Local Authorities and transport stakeholder organisations with special emphasis on the transfer of learning to smaller sized cities, making them more effective and resilient to change in the judicious implementation of sustainable transport measures. Key outputs will be a validated capacity building program for transport departments, and resource light learning assets (modules, e-learning material, webinars and workshops), decision support tools to assist in procurement, innovative financing, engagement of new business partners and handling of open, real time and legacy data. SUITS argues that without capacity building and the transformation of transport departments into learning organisations, training materials will not provide the step change needed to provide innovative transport measures. Working with nine cities to model gaps in their understanding, motivation, communication and work practices, will provide each city with a map of its own strengths and weaknesses with respect to sustainable transport planning. From this, strategies to enhance capacity, based on each authoritys needs will be developed and organisations provided with the necessary techniques to increase their own capacity, mentored directly by research partners. Local champions will be trained to continue capacity building after the project. Using the CIVITAS framework for impact evaluation, the effectiveness and impact of SUITS in enabling reductions in transport problems such as congestion and pollution while improving cities capacity to grow as well as the quality of life for urban dwellers and commuters through the development of inclusive, integrated transport measures will be measured in the cities and at individual, organisational and institutional levels. All project outcomes will be disseminated in a stakeholder engagement program at local, national and EU wide levels, thereby increasing the likelihood of successful transport measures.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: Galileo.2008.3.1.4 | Award Amount: 812.16K | Year: 2010

The ATENEA project aims to integrate the deeply integrated GNSS/INS receiver architectures and LIDAR techniques to provide an advanced navigation solution for a wide range of surveying applications in difficult environments. LIDAR devices geolocation and reference for the scanned observables is provided nowadays by loosely coupled GPS receivers and INS, leading to lack of performance in urban scenarios with poor satellite visibility and harsh multipath conditions. The following technologies will be studied within ATENEA to overcome these problems Multi-constellation GPS/Galileo/EGNOS Increasing availability and continuity. Availability of EGNOS ephemeris and corrections will also reduce position errors and Time-To-First-Fix. Deeply coupled GNSS/INS receiver design Current state-of-the-art of hybridisation applications will be improved with ultra-tight integration of the inertial sensors, navigation processor and signal processing tracking loops, adding additional robustness under high user dynamics, and allowing for fast mapping applications. GNSS Phase receiver, exploitation Galileo signals capabilities Error in the pseudorange observables will be reduced as must as possible, using dedicated multipath and interference mitigation techniques and taking benefit of the new Galileo L1 MBOC and E5 AltBOC signals, to allow a fast carrier-phase ambiguity resolution. Integrated GNSS/INS/LIDAR navigation filter. Finally, an innovative unique integrated navigation solution for the integration of observables from GNSS, IMU, and laser sensors is proposed, allowing to reduce the costs of the current expensive LIDAR devices for precise laser scanning. The different algorithms will be developed and tested in a SW environment (based on the GRANADA simulator and the IADIRA test-bench). A field data collection campaign with real data (in post-processing) will also be carried out, using EGNOS and Galileo early signals.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2014-ETN | Award Amount: 3.88M | Year: 2015

The aim of CoACH (Advanced glasses, Composites And Ceramics for High growth Industries) is to offer a multidisciplinary training in the field of high-tech GLASSES, CERAMICS and COMPOSITES based on effective and proven industry-academia cooperation. Our scientific goals are to develop advanced knowledge on glass and ceramic based materials and to develop innovative, cost-competitive, and environmentally acceptable materials and processing technologies. The inter/multi-disciplinary and -sectorial characteristic is guaranteed by the presence of 5 academic partners and 10 companies having top class expertise in glass, ceramic and composite science and technology, modelling, design, characterization and commercialization. Advanced materials fall within the KEY ENABLING TECHNOLOGIES (KETs) and are themselves an emerging supra-disciplinary field; expertise on these new materials brings competitiveness in the strategic thematic areas of: HEALTH-innovative glass and composite for biomedical applications, ENERGY-innovative glass, ceramic and composite materials for energy harvesting/scavenging, solid oxide electrolysis cells and oil, gas and petrochemical industries, ICT-new glass fibre sensors embedded in smart coatings for harsh environment, ENVIRONMENT-new and low cost glass, ceramic and composite materials from waste. The originality of the research programme is to be seen in the supra-disciplinary approach to new glass- and ceramic- based materials and their applications: recruited researchers will benefit from a complete set of equipment and expertise enabling them to develop advanced knowledge in KETs and strategic thematic areas for the EU and to convert it into products for economic and social benefit. The effective research methodology used by the partners and the mutual exploitation of their complementary competences have been successfully experienced in the past in long term common research cooperation and in on-going common projects, including a Marie Curie ITN

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: H2020-TWINN-2015 | Award Amount: 1.00M | Year: 2016

The overall aim of the TUTORIAL project is to boost the scientific excellence and technology-transfer capacity in nanoelectronics based dependable cyber-physical systems (NBDCPS) of Tallinn University of Technology (TUT) by creating a network with the high-quality Twinning partners: Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Politecnico di Torino (POLITO) and Deutsches Zentrum fr Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR). To achieve this aim, the 3 year project will build upon the existing strong research and innovation base of TUT and its Twinning partners. To boost their scientific excellence and technology transfer capacity in NBDCPS, the partners will implement a research and innovation strategy focused on three sub-topics: 1. Reliable nanoelectronics technologies TUT with TU Delft, 2. In-field test for safety-critical systems TUT with POLITO, and 3. Dependable cyber-physical systems for space applications TUT with DLR The research and innovation strategy takes into account the recent SWOT analysis of TUT and has the following objectives: Objective 1: Strengthen TUTs research excellence in NBDCPS Objective 2: Enhance the research and innovation capacity of TUT and the Twinning partners Objective 3: Raise the research profile of TUT and the Twinning Partners Objective 4: Contribute to the SMART Specialisation Strategy of Estonia Objective 5: Support research and innovation on a European level In order to achieve these objectives, the consortium partners will implement a comprehensive set of measures via the projects work packages: Short term staff exchanges (WP1); Training workshops, conferences and summer schools (WP2); Dissemination and outreach (WP3).

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2013.6.4 | Award Amount: 5.79M | Year: 2013

ICT is recognized as being a key player against climate change: pervasive sensors and actuators can efficiently control the whole energy chain (Smart Thermal/Electricity Grid). On the other side, advances on 3D modeling, visualization and interaction technologies enable user profiling and real-time feedback to promote energy efficient behaviors. To unlock the potentiality of these technologies, the DIMMER project\nfocuses on:\n-\tInteroperability of district energy production/consumption, environmental conditions and user feedback data;\n-\tExploitation of effective visual and web-based interfaces to provide pervasive and real-time feedback about energy impact of user behaviors;\n-\tIntegration of Building Information Models (BIM) with real-time data and their extension at the district level (DIM);\n-\tNew business models for energy traders and prosumers exploiting user energy profiling.\nThe DIMMER system integrates BIM and district level 3D models with real-time data from sensors and user feedback to analyze and correlate buildings utilization and provide real-time feedback about energy-related behaviors. It allows open access with personal devices and Augmented Reality (A/R) visualization of energy-related information to client applications for energy and cost-analysis, tariff planning and evaluation, failure identification and maintenance, energy information sharing. All the following technologies are included: Real-time data collection; Advanced middleware technology for data integration; Simulation and virtual visualization; User/social profiling, visualization and feedback; Energy efficiency and cost analysis engine; Web interface and interaction.\nIn order to validate the DIMMER innovative system, both public (university campuses, schools) and private buildings included in mixed-up (mixit) urban districts are considered in two different cities, in the North and South Europe, Turin (IT) and Manchester (UK). As most energy usage of buildings throughout their life cycle is during the operational stage (~80%), the project gives special attention to existing and historical buildings.\nIn conclusion, the expected results are a consistent reduction in both energy consume and CO2 emissions by enabling a more efficient energy distribution policies, according to the real characteristics of district buildings and inhabitants as well as a more efficient utilization and maintenance of the energy distribution network, based on social behavior and users attitudes and demand.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: EeB-ICT-2010.10.2 | Award Amount: 4.24M | Year: 2010

SEEMPubS specifically addresses reduction in energy usage and CO2 footprint in existing Public buildings and Spaces without significant construction works, by an intelligent ICT-based service monitoring and managing the energy consumption. Special attention will be paid to historical buildings to avoid damage by extensive retrofitting. SEEMPubS will provide control of appliances to effortlessly optimise energy efficiency usage without compromising comfort or convenience and offering decision makers strategies and tools needed to plan energy saving measures. SEEMPubS will make use of the service-oriented middleware for embedded systems being developed in the Hydra project and use its huge potential to create services and applications across heterogeneous devices to develop an energy-aware platform. The SEEMPubS platform will provide necessary functionality and tools to add energy efficiency features to monitor dynamic sensor data in real time, taking advantage of natural resources (like daylight and solar energy) and controlling the operation of both passive and active environmental systems to ensure the best possible comfort conditions with the most efficient use of energy.\nSEEMPubS will use its real-time energy-awareness services for all users of the Public Space and combine awareness services with a community portal. This will enable collective, community activity motivating positive competition in saving energy, complemented by courses on towards the education on energy efficiency and sustainability. The functionality of this system will be demonstrated on existing buildings at the Politecnico Campus like the Valentino Castle. The validation of the most significant SEEMPubS results will allow to elaborate an energy efficient model for existing buildings and public spaces with a significant economical impact all over Europe. In fact this model could also be applied on many different historical buildings (e.g.palaces, castles and museums) where old energy systems are already in place, avoinding in this way expensive construction works and possible damages.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: LCE-32-2016 | Award Amount: 2.00M | Year: 2017

SHAPE-ENERGY Social Sciences and Humanities for Advancing Policy in European Energy will develop Europes expertise in using and applying energy-SSH to accelerate the delivery of Europes Energy Union Strategy. Our consortium brings together 7 leading academic partners and 6 highly respected policy, industry and communications practitioners from across the Energy, Social Sciences and Humanities (energy-SSH) research field, to create an innovative and inclusive Platform. Our partners are involved in numerous European energy projects, have extensive, relevant networks in the energy domain, and represent exceptional coverage across SSH disciplines across Europe. These enable us to maximise the impact of our Platform delivery within an intensive 2-year project. SHAPE-ENERGY brings together those who demand energy-SSH research and those who supply that research to collaborate in shaping Europes energy future. A key deliverable will be a 2020-2030 research and innovation agenda to underpin post-Horizon 2020 energy-focused work programmes. It will highlight how energy-SSH can be better embedded into energy policymaking, innovation and research in the next decade. Our SHAPE-ENERGY Platform activities will involve >12,114 stakeholders and begin with scoping activities including: an academic workshop, call for evidence, interviews with business leaders and NGOs, online citizen debates and multi-level policy meetings. We will build on our scoping to then deliver: 18 multi-stakeholder workshops in cities across Europe, an Early Stage Researcher programme, Horizon 2020 sandpits, interdisciplinary think pieces, a research design challenge, and a pan-European conference. Our expert consortium will bring their considerable expertise to overcome difficulties in promoting interdisciplinary and cross-sector working, and reach out to new parts of Europe to create an inclusive, dynamic and open Platform. SHAPE-ENERGY will drive forward Europes low carbon energy future.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: LCE-07-2014 | Award Amount: 3.87M | Year: 2015

The introduction of the electricity market, the widespread diffusion of distributed generation from renewable and non-programmable energy sources and the need for storage are quickly changing the problems that Transmission and Distribution system operators have to face in their activity and are requiring a smarter grid. A first step in this direction is the development and installation of a flexible smart metering architecture for multiple energy vectors. Up to now the smart meters that in some countries are being installed at the users are nearly only devoted to billing improvements. The new metering systems must go much further to provide their contribution to various objectives such as end-user affordability of electricity, energy and market efficiency improvement, CO2 emissions and pollutants reduction. In the FLEXMETER project a flexible, multi-utility, multi-service metering architecture will be designed and deployed in two demonstrators. Simple off-the-shelf meters will be placed at the users for electric, thermal and gas metering; they will communicate with a building concentrator, where the smartness of the metering system will reside. A central cloud system will collect data from the building concentrators and from MV/LV substation meters. Data collection, fusion and mining algorithms will be adopted. The proposed architecture will allow for innovative services for the prosumers (e.g. analysis of the energy consumption), for the Distribution System Operators (DSOs) (e.g. fault detection, network balancing and storage integration) and for the retail market. Also demand side management devices could be plugged into the system. In the FLEXMETER project two pilot applications in two different countries (Italy and Sweden), on real systems, with the involvement of the local DSOs and volunteer prosumers will be demonstrated. The results on the demonstrators will then be scaled up to the size of the cities in order to evaluate the advantages on a real scale.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: BIOTEC-02-2016 | Award Amount: 6.43M | Year: 2017

Municipal solids waste (MSW) are collected by municipalities and represents more than 500 kg/capita (EU-27 average), 300 million tonnes overall every year in the EU-32. Currently, approximately 50% of this volume is landfilled. More than 1.3 million tonnes of Marine rest raw material (MRRM) are generated in Europe each year. Some countries, such as Norway and Denmark, have traditionally for animal feed. It will therefore be a challenge for the industry to develop methods to turn fish viscera and skin, currently considered as undesirable raw materials for hydrolysis and human consumption, into profitable products. DAFIA will exploit MSW and MRRM as feedstocks for high value products. The parallel exploitation of the two feedstocks may create synergies. This expertise will be utilised in process development from MSW, while at the same time, new added-value products may be identified from both feed stocks. The main objective of the DAFIA project is to explore the conversion routes of municipal solid waste (MSW), and marine rest raw-materials (MRRM) from the fish processing industries, to obtain high added value products, i.e. flame retardants, edible/barrier coatings and chemical building blocks (dicarboxylic acids and diamine) to produce polyamides and polyesters for a wide range industrial applications. Different value-chains and products will be selected and explored based on the potential commercial value and the technical feasibility including new microbial strains and processes for conversion of major feedstock fractions, enzymatic and chemical modifications of components isolated from the feedstock or produced in microbial processes. Up to four cost-effective molecule groups suitable for the final selected applications will be targeted (nucleic acids, dicarboxylic acids, diamines and gelatine), & two value-chains (MSW & MRRM) will be evaluated at pilot scale to reach TRL5.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENERGY.2008.7.2.1 | Award Amount: 4.79M | Year: 2009

The interstate integration of power grids provides multiple advantages concerning operation security, integration of renewable energy as well as energy trading. Due to this fact the UCTE interconnection expands continually since its establishment. Consideration is given to different scenarios of joint operation of UCTE and NORDEL with power grids on the territory of the former USSR. Due to the fact that such an interconnection is second to none in the World in terms of the scale and distance of the interconnection and number of countries involved, strong R&D and innovations are urgently required along with the recent development of technologies. Bulk power grids may encounter major blackouts, which originate in increasing complication in monitoring, operation and control of interconnected power grids as well as in limited knowledge of the total system state. Therefore the possible future interconnection between the European and Russian electricity transmission systems requires elaborating methods for monitoring, control and protection of large scale systems and especially for the support of their interconnections. The development and prototypically implementation of these new methods and tools is the major goal of the ICOEUR project. New technologies like Wide Area Monitoring, Control and Protection as well as advanced network controllers (FACTS) and HVDC systems will be considered. Envisioned ICOEUR goals can be achieved only in close cooperative work of experts, with extensive knowledge of EU and Russian power systems as well as manufacturers and network operators. The ICOEUR consortium involves leading experts in all these domains and guarantees efficient collaboration and knowledge required for testing the methodologies developed. The joint development of innovative monitoring, simulation and control concepts, tools and equipment through international diversified ICOEUR consortium and their prototype implementation will promote their adoptions.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: GC-SST.2010.7-7. | Award Amount: 1.41M | Year: 2011

Vehicle electrification plays a significant role in the process of lowering road transport emissions, and this role will continue to grow as we shift to an electric road transport paradigm. The successful development of the infrastructure, vehicles, and research breakthroughs that will enable a competitive transition to electric vehicle transport requires adding new dimensions to the traditional skills and capabilities of road transport engineers and technicians. Therefore, the transition requires not only new approaches to vehicle manufacture and development, but also to road transport education. To ensure that young people respond to the important and attractive opportunities arising in the transition, e-gomotion aims to raise awareness of the future jobs in vehicle electrification and the educational paths for reaching these jobs among the engineers and technicians of tomorrow. In order to do so, e-gomotion aims to bring together a consortium of five leading European universities (four since 15/04/2013 due to Chalmers termination) with experience of, and commitment to, the shift to an electric road transport sector, and coordinate their efforts in joint activities designed for the purposes of: - Evaluating and demonstrating job creation in the electrification sector; - Encouraging young persons to seek jobs in electrification of road transport; and - Arranging communication and stimulation campaigns targeting young persons. The universities are supported by an Advisory Board of seven industry actors and by the regional networks of the universities. e-gomotions work plan consists of three communication action Work Packages including: awareness stimulation events; information campaigns; and a European electrification concept competition. These communication actions are based on three fundamental Work Packages for: management and coordination of the project; analysis of the future job profiles and trends in the electrification industry; and creation of a communication strategy for the actions.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: ENV.2008. | Award Amount: 8.58M | Year: 2009

Within the AQUAREHAB project, different innovative rehabilitation technologies for soil, groundwater and surface water will be developed to cope with a number of hazardous (nitrates, pesticides, chlorinated and aromatic compounds, mixed pollutions,) within heavily degraded water systems. The technologies are activated riparian zones/wetlands; smart biomass containing carriers for treatment of water in open trenches; in-situ technologies to restore degraded surface water by inhibiting influx of pollutants from groundwater to surface water; multifunctional permeable barriers and injectable Fe-based particles for rehabilitation of groundwater. Methods will be developed to determine the (long-term) impact of the innovative rehabilitation technologies on the reduction of the influx of these priority pollutants towards the receptor. A connection between the innovative technologies and river basin management will be worked out. In a first stage of the project, the technologies and integration of their impact in river basin management will be developed in three different river basins (Denmark, Israel, Belgium). In a second stage, the generic approaches will be extrapolated to one or two more river basins. One of the major outcomes of the project will be a generic river basin management tool that integrates multiple measures with ecological and economic impact assessments of the whole water system. The research in the project is focussed on innovative rehabilitation strategies to reduce priority pollutants in the water system whereas the generic management tool will include other measures related to flood protection, water scarcity and ecosystem health, The project will aid in underpinning river basin management plans being developed in EU Member States, and will demonstrate cost effective technologies that can provide technical options for national and local water managers, planners and other stakeholders (drinking water companies, industry, agriculture,

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.3.2 | Award Amount: 11.00M | Year: 2010

Electronic devices of the latest generations, being those integrated circuits or discrete components, are often required to operate in harsh environmental conditions, where the temperature may reach over hundred degrees centigrade. Obviously, this has negative impact on several parameters of the electronic devices, ranging from slow-down and transient, recoverable errors to permanent failures and device breakdown. To complicate the picture, electronic components tend to get warmer on their own as they operate, due to the fact that the power drawn by the devices from the power supply is dissipated by Joule effect.\n\nAs time passes, heat and temperature management is becoming increasingly problematic, for reasons ranging from economical to technological. Packages that are able to sustain high temperatures are very expensive, and so are heat-sinks and cooling systems. In addition, high operating temperatures tend to cause malfunctioning of circuits and components, thus impacting the reliability of the electronic products which incorporate such devices.\n\nThe development of new, thermal-aware design paradigms can no longer be postponed if the goal is to enable designers to fully exploit the electronic technologies of the future, being those CMOS or alternative to CMOS.\n\nThe thermal problem has several facets, thus it needs to be addressed in a comprehensive manner. The THERMINATOR projects will address the following major challenges: 1) To devise innovative thermal models usable at different levels of abstraction, and to interface/integrate them into existing simulation and design frameworks. 2) To develop new, thermal-aware design solutions, customized for the different technologies and application domains of interest. 3) To enhance existing EDA solutions by means of thermal-aware add-on tools that will enable designers to address temperature issues during their daily work and with their usual design flows.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENERGY.2012.7.1.1 | Award Amount: 5.26M | Year: 2012

A large share of the recent renewable energy sources (RES) installed capacity has already taken place in insular electricity grids, since these regions are preferable due to their high RES potential. However, the increasing share of RES in the generation mix of insular power systems presents a big challenge in the efficient management of the insular distribution networks, mainly due to the limited predictability and the high variability of renewable generation, features that make RES plants non-dispatchable, in conjunction with the relevant small size of these networks. The Smart Grid initiative, integrating advanced sensing technologies, intelligent control methods and bi-directional communications into the contemporary electricity grid, provides excellent opportunities for energy efficiency improvements and better integration of distributed generation, including RES such as wind and photovoltaic systems, coexisting with centralized generation units within an active network.SINGULAR investigates the effects of large-scale integration of renewables and demand-side management on the planning and operation of insular electricity grids, proposing efficient measures, solutions and tools towards the development of a sustainable and smart grid. Different network operation procedures and tools, based on innovative approaches of predictive electricity network operation, will be developed.A set of electricity network planning procedures and tools will also be developed to implement robust insular electricity network planning.The goal is the generation of effective solutions and information so that the integration of insular and highly variable energy resources is maximized. The operation and planning tools and procedures will be applied in different insular electricity grids in five countries across Europe for extensive demonstration, allowing the development of generalized guides of procedures and grid codes specific for future generation of smart insular electricity grids.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.3.4 | Award Amount: 7.05M | Year: 2009

The main objective of the COMPLEX project is to increase the competitiveness of the European semiconductor, system integrator and EDA industry by addressing the problem of platform-based design space exploration under consideration of power and performance constraints early in the design process. High performance usually causes high power consumption. A main challenge in todays embedded system design is to find the perfect balance between performance and power. This balance can not be found efficiently and at high quality, because until now no generic framework for accurately and jointly estimating performance and power consumption starting at the algorithmic level is available. This can only be achieved in cooperation on a European level, taking into account European platform providers, system developers/integrators, EDA companies, Universities and research institutes from both, the HW and the embedded SW world.The COMPLEX project will enable the European semiconductor and electronic system industry to achieve a break through in product quality through substantially improved performance and power efficiency. This quantum leap will be achieved by a new design environment for platform-based design-space exploration offering developers of next-generation mobile and embedded systems a highly efficient and productive design methodology and tool chain allowing them to iteratively explore and refine their applications to meet market requirements. The design technology in particular enables the fast simulation and assessment of the platform at Electronic System Level (ESL) with up to cycle accuracy at the earliest instant in the design process. Several new modelling, exploration and simulation concepts will be developed and combined with well established ESL synthesis, cross-compilation, analysis and simulation tools into a seamless holistic design flow enabling performance & power aware virtual prototyping from a combined hardware-software perspective.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2010-ITN | Award Amount: 3.92M | Year: 2011

TRANSMIT will provide a coordinated programme of academic and industrial training in an area of immediate interest to the European society. It focuses on atmospheric phenomena that can significantly impair a wide range of systems and applications that are at the core of several activities embedded in our daily life. TRANSMIT deals with the harmful effects of the ionosphere on these systems, which will become increasingly significant as we approach the next solar maximum, predicted for 2013. It will gather major European stakeholders in a large multi-site ITN to develop real time integrated state of the art tools to mitigate ionospheric threats to Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) and several related applications, such as civil aviation, marine navigation and land transportation. TRANSMIT will expand the European knowledge base and ensure its sustainability by preparing young researchers in a multidisciplinary, intersectorial, industry-led training programme. Its driving forces are the EC prediction of an annual global market for GNSS of 300bn by 2020 and the fact that Europes own GNSS, Galileo, will be fully operational by 2013, just when the impact of the ionosphere will be greatest. GNSS satellite signals and any others operating below 10 GHz, including communications (satellite and HF), remote sensing and Earth observation systems, are extremely vulnerable to ionospheric phenomena. This formidable fast growing community lacks robust counter-measures to deal with these threats. Advancement in this area has been limited by: A shortage of human resources in relevant Engineering disciplines; The lack of a multidisciplinary framework where the various specialist research groups can devise solutions of practical value to end users. TRANSMIT will overcome this by providing a concerted training programme including taught courses, research projects and secondments that will arm the researchers of tomorrow with the necessary skills and knowledge.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2013.3.4 | Award Amount: 9.29M | Year: 2013

Up to now mission & safety critical services of SoS (Systems of Systems) have been running on dedicated and often custom designed HW/SW platforms. In the near future such systems will be accessible, connected with or executed on devices comprising off-the-shelf HW/SW components. Significant improvements have been achieved supporting the design of mixed-critical systems by developing predictable computing platforms and mechanisms for segregation between applications of different criticalities sharing computing resources. Such platforms enable techniques for the compositional certification of applications correctness, run-time properties and reliability.\nCONTREX will complement these important activities with an analysis and segregation along the extra-functional properties real-time, power, temperature and reliability. These properties will be a major cost roadblocks when 1) scaling up the number of applications per platform and the number of cores per chip, 2) in battery powered devices or 3) switching to smaller technology nodes. CONTREX will enable energy efficient and cost aware design through analysis and optimisation of real-time, power, temperature and reliability with regard to application demands at different criticality levels. To reinforce European leadership and industrial competiveness the CONTREX approach will be integrated into existing model-based design methods that can be customized for different application domains and target platforms.\nCONTREX will focus on the requirements derived from the automotive, aeronautics and telecommunications domain and evaluate its effectiveness and drive integration into existing standards for the design and certification based on three industrial demonstrators. Valuable feed-back to the industrial design practice, standards, and certification procedures is pursued.\nOur economic goal is to improve energy efficiency by 20 % and to reduce cost per system by 30 % due to a more efficient use of the computing platform.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2013.3.1 | Award Amount: 4.65M | Year: 2014

Today, an average family spends annually over 50 Euros on No-Failure-Found (NFF) investigations - a known problem of an unknown origin. Tomorrow, the electronic engine control system in a car will be dying after two-three years of operation due to CMOS ageing. Actions are urgently needed!A group of European experts will unite their forces in BASTION to fight against ageing and NFF issues. The project will investigate currently unknown defects, uncertain fault coverage and unclassified field returns. A new defect universe will be assembled and faults will be classified into comprehensive classes. BASTION will study the mechanisms of ageing and improve the longevity of electronic products. Embedded instrumentation and the IEEE P1687 standard will be applied to develop an ultra-low-latency, scalable error detection and localization infrastructure as well as to integrate all heterogeneous technologies into a homogeneous system.The project will complete in three years, at only a negligible fraction of costs wasted by society on NFF annually.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2016 | Award Amount: 3.93M | Year: 2016

The European aerospace, automotive, and rail industries are committed to improving their energy efficiency to meet targets set within the EUs climate, energy and transport policies. This is motivating the increased use of lightweight composite materials in lieu of heavier metallics. To implement this transition, these industries must reach, at least, the same level of crash performance achieved with metals, but at significantly lower weight and without increasing cost. This is viewed by industry as an exceptionally challenging goal and will require highly trained engineers, versed in the myriad aspects of designing cost-effective, crashworthy composites structures, and capable of harnessing the latest research developments in the fast-changing world of composites. The ICONIC ETN aims to cultivate such a new generation of young engineers; comfortable and fluent in the integration and exploitation of knowledge from fields as diverse as materials science, chemistry, computational methods, solid and damage mechanics, textile technology, structural design and optimisation. These researchers will acquire the skills to enable the sustainable and economically-viable design of a new generation of highly efficient, lightweight transportation composite structures that will provide the maximum protection to occupants through superior crashworthiness. 15 Early Stage Researchers (ESRs) will be recruited to take up posts, across the UK, Ireland, Greece, Germany, Italy and Sweden, in an innovative, multidisciplinary and intersectoral structured research and training programme. ICONIC is supported by a strong consortium from academia, large industrial enterprises and innovative SMEs. A comprehensive training and secondment programme (including joint supervision and industrial mentoring) will equip researchers with additional transferable skills to ensure future employability and career progression.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: BSG-SME | Phase: SME-1 | Award Amount: 1.47M | Year: 2008

The European jewellery industry is facing a severe competition from Far Eastern countries on both home and export markets. The import of large volumes of low cost jewellery puts the margins under pressure. European companies, often employing less than 10 persons, traditionally show poor attraction for co-operation and research. This attitude hinders changes and innovation, though current production methods have rejection rates up to 20 or even 30% and up to 25% of job places could be lost in the sector over the next five years. Aim of this project is to introduce a new approach into jewellery design and production, through the development of a simulation tool on broad basis, the exploitation of the full potential of existing Rapid-Prototyping Technology and the use of Design of Experiment. Detailed research and analysis will be carried out both on materials properties and on processes, the latter being examined both at a laboratory and industrial scales. The SME proposer group represents the entire chain of suppliers, manufacturers and developers of jewellery materials, equipments and technology. RTD performers consist of complementary research partners with large and worldwide recognised experience. The strength of the consortium is unique, guaranteeing actuality and quality to the work to be performed, resulting in an estimated increased turnover of 20% in the first two years for the SMEs. Research results will be filtered, with the aim of extracting the main outcomes and recommendations of general applicability relevant for process innovation in the gold jewellery casting industry. Training sessions will be held, aiming at focussed transfer of the increased knowledge to the casting technicians, production engineers and product designers. The research and sustainable knowledge transfer will thus enable SMEs to offer new and innovative products to their customers, contributing to the increase of competitiveness of the European jewellery sector.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: NMP-2008-1.2-1 | Award Amount: 12.34M | Year: 2009

The objective of the AddNano project is to investigate the prospects for overcoming the many existing technological barriers in the supply and usage chain, towards the establishment of a large scale market introduction of a new generation of fluid lubricants incorporating nanomaterials. The AddNano consortium combines technological expertise and industrial representation from all parts of the prospective value chain to investigate the development of new nano-based lubricants. Fluid lubricants are used in almost every field of human technological activity and their purpose is multifold: they reduce frictional resistance, protect the engine against wear between contacting surfaces, remove wear debris, reduce heating and contribute to cooling, improve fuel economy, improve emissions. Advanced nanomaterials recently developed, such as inorganic fullerene-like materials (IFs) and others, have shown some initial promise for their contribution to reducing friction and enhancing protection against wear. If able to be developed into full commercial-scale production, if they can be incorporated in a stable fashion into full formulations, and if their performance benefits relative to the best of conventional technologies can be sustained under those circumstances, they offer the prospect for some performance breakthroughs not seen since the development of the now ubiquitous anti-wear additives, Zinc Dialkyl Dithiophosphates (ZDDPs), around 70 years ago. Within engine oils and other lubricant applications, such as transmission fluids, and for greases used in rotational bearings, the potential exists for lubricants containing nanomaterials to significantly reduce friction and enhance machine durability. This can contribute to substantial energy savings, reduced equipment maintenance and longer machine lifetime.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: BSG-SME | Phase: SME-1 | Award Amount: 1.48M | Year: 2010

The aim of this project is to provide four EU SMEs (Alce Calidad, EASReth, Di.Pro. and Aero Sekur) with a new silver/silica based coating material having anti-septical properties superior to those existing on the market: the coating is made of silica glass and of silver nanoclusters which are embedded in the silica glass. Silica provides excellent thermal and mechanical properties to the coating. The technique used to deposit this coating (RF sputtering) is suitable to almost every kind of substrate (polymers, metals, glasses, etc.). Results will have a clear and immediate exploitation potential to improve or develop new products currently commercialized by the four SMEs : biomedical implants for DiPro, agro/food industry equipments for Alce Calidad and EASReth and personnel protective systems for Aero Sekur. As soon as the anti-septic functionality can be provided to SMEs products, the following new products will be directly put on the market: Di.Pro: new anti-septical artificial anus ALCE and EASReth: new anti-septical coating on surfaces to be used in food handling and processing; Aero Sekur: new anti-septical textiles for Personal Protection Systems (PPS).

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SST.2012.3.1-1. | Award Amount: 3.54M | Year: 2012

Public transport is central to peoples lives and well-being, especially vulnerable groups (e.g. less mobile, elderly and disabled). It is essential in providing access to employment, shops, services and leisure. The need to encourage greater public transport use is critical in achieving sustainability targets. For many, the perception and reality of public transport does not encourage use, especially when multimodal forms of transport are needed. A holistic understanding of passenger experience is critical to develop and support transport accessibility. Whilst previous research has focussed on different aspects of passenger experience, the diversity of tools developed limits their usefulness, effectiveness and transferability. Given the maturity of research, there is a need to synthesize methods and knowledge, to produce a pan-European standardised tool for use across transport modes and with different passenger groups to focus attention away from the design of discrete elements to the whole journey experience. Taking a holistic approach to the study of the passenger experience will provide a bridge between transport, sustainability, design, accessibility and land use; acknowledging the central importance of mobility to quality of life. To plug this gap, METPEX will develop an inclusive passenger experience measurement tool for European transport providers, passenger groups and municipalities validated through its use across 8 sites of varying transport complexity. Its development will be informed by the consortiums understanding that data collection methods themselves have to be inclusive. The data collected will enable the creation and dissemination of service quality and accessibility benchmark indicators. Through its deployment the tool will have far reaching impact in terms of providing more grounded intelligence to inform transport design, accessibility, land use and sustainability, and ultimately improve mobility and quality of life for EU citizens.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: GALILEO-1-2014 | Award Amount: 4.37M | Year: 2015

DEMETRA aims to demonstrate the feasibility of delivering early EGNSS timing services to end users by utilising an operational demonstrator and conducting tests with pilot applications. Based on the current practice of national metrological laboratories, DEMETRA will define and develop a prototype of a European time disseminator, based on EGNSS., An array of important service features that are necessary for a wide variety of users will be added. These will include: high accuracy calibrated time transfer to a monitored and certified remote time stamping. Nine different time services are proposed for demonstration by consortium partners. These will be established at INRIM premises for two validation test campaigns: a closed loop test, aiming to validate the performances and the second test will be with user terminals located in a real user environment, integrated into the user application to test the real advantages and feasibility of the new proposed services. Envisaged end users are telecoms, power transmission, banks, and TV broadcasting networks. The DEMETRA partnership, including Scientific Institutions, GNSS Industries, and a service provider cover the different facets of the project, including an analysis of commercial potential in terms of market and business development. DEMETRA fits perfectly the objectives of the work program in relation to: innovation, demonstration of pilot applications, use of EGNOS and Galileo Early Services, intention to commercialise the developed service, certification, legal and societal acceptance fostering EGNSS adoption and Long term potential to set common standards in the field of GNSS applications. The proposed services could become the basis for European timing standards, facilitating the independence from GPS for the timing of critical European infrastructure and fostering the dissemination through Europe of common standardised time services, based on EGNSS.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: REGIONS-2007-1-01 | Award Amount: 1.10M | Year: 2008

The proposed project CReATE is based on the cooperation of highly innovative clusters in the creative industries, one of the emerging lead markets of the European knowledge economy. With the objective to bring the benefits of research to SMEs, the largest group in those clusters, the project facilitates an open innovation approach. It incentivates and enables a more systematic use of the innovation potential of information & communication technologies (ICT), key for developing internationally competitive products and services. To strengthen the research potential of EU regions, and to increase related investments from EU, national & regional funds, CReATE targets to position regional capabilities in the most promising international technology and market development perspectives. Prospective tools and a focus on the trans-regional dimension complement the traditional tools to lay the ground for self-sustaining economic success. Thus, CReATE promotes synergies between regional, national, EU & research policies, and facilitates intra- and trans-regional cooperation and knowledge exchange between cluster development agencies, researchers, SMEs and MNEs. To optimise outcomes, the Consortium Members have working relationships already proven successful, and can add European value with their complementary contributions. They bring in-depth knowledge of creative industries, practical cluster development and the underlying theories, and of providing strategic economic and policy intelligence in general. To optimise CReATEs contribution to the objectives of the call we plan to 1) develop and apply a new assessment template 2) develop a joint research agenda 3) develop a toolkit, and implement training courses for interested regions, also for other clusters 4) ensure multiplying effects beyond project scope and timeframe.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: NMP-2008-2.4-2 | Award Amount: 4.68M | Year: 2010

The objective is to develop radically innovative electrical insulating tapes and process to improve the energy conversion efficiency of electrotechnical systems. It mainly addresses the electric power generation issue. Today, the energy conversion efficiency of generators is restricted by (i) thermal as well as (ii) electrical strength limitations due to the electrical insulator tapes themselves. The concepts of these multifunctional tapes are far behind the electrical insulating state of the art. The project aims to develop a new process chain leading to a drastic improvement of insulating tape structure homogeneity. The todays limitations of tape come from its heterogeneous multilayer structure bringing together very different materials like glass fibre fabric, mica flakes and polymers. Enabling this homogenisation requires higher performance materials, which will be obtained by adjunct of inorganic nanofillers according to two proposed development routes: nanodielectrics polymer or inorganic polymers (sol-gel). This will lead to a more robust process chain with a better productivity (\50%) and an insulating tape with enhanced performances like a higher field strength (\40%), a better thermal conduction (\60%). At the end, a much thinner tape (-30%) enabling the design of more compact generators is expected. This project can strongly impact the energy production field. For instance at the European scale, a \0.2% gain in generator conversion efficiency could save the equivalent of one nuclear power plant of 1000 MW (1.5 billions ), or nearly 10 fossil fuel power plants and related reduction in CO2 emission. It will also affect other very large markets like the industrial motor field using similar insulation tapes. The consortium of ANASTASIA project is equally composed of industrials and research laboratories, namely two manufacturers (tape and power generator), two generator end-users, four academic laboratories and the CEA research institute as coordinator.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: JTI-CP-FCH | Phase: SP1-JTI-FCH.2013.2.4 | Award Amount: 3.81M | Year: 2014

The objective of the HELMETH project is the proof of concept of a highly efficient Power-to-Gas (P2G) technology with methane as a chemical storage and by thermally integrating high temperature electrolysis (SOEC technology) with methanation. This thermal integration balancing the exothermal and endothermal processes is an innovation with a high potential for a most energy-efficient storage solution for renewable electricity, without any practical capacity and duration limitation, since it provides SNG (Substitute Natural Gas) as a product, which is fully compatible with the existing pipeline network and storage infrastructure. The realisation of the P2G technology as proposed within HELMETH needs several development steps and HELMETH focuses on two main technical and socio-economic objectives, which have to be met in order to show the feasibility of the technology: Elaboration of the conditions / scenarios for an economic feasibility of the P2G process towards methane as chemical storage, without significantly deteriorating the CO2-balance of the renewable electricity. Demonstration of the technical feasibility of a conversion efficiency > 85 % from renewable electricity to methane, which is superior to the efficiency for the generation of hydrogen via conventional water electrolysis. Within HELMETH the main focus lies in the development of a complete pressurized P2G module consisting of a pressurized steam electrolyser module, which is thermally integrated with an optimized carbon dioxide methanation module. The HELMETH project will prove and demonstrate that: the conversion of renewable electricity into a storable hydrocarbon by high-temperature electrolysis is a feasible option, high temperature electrolysis and methanation can be coupled and thermally integrated towards highest conversion efficiencies by utilizing the process heat of the exothermal methanation reaction in the high temperature electrolysis process.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: NMP-2007-3.1-3 | Award Amount: 12.50M | Year: 2008

Current practices in risk assessment and management for industrial systems are characterized by its methodical diversity and fragmented approaches. In retrospect these risk and safety paradigms resulted from diverse industries driven and limited by available knowledge and technologies. A change based on industry driven R&D work is needed. At present the European Industry recognised their obligation to reconsider their risk and safety policies, having a more competitive industry and more risk informed and innovation accepting society in vision. Therefore the large collaborative project IRIS is proposed to identify, quantify and mitigate existing and emerging risks to create societal cost-benefits, to increase industrial safety and to reduce impact on human health and environment. The project is led and driven by the industry to consolidate and generate knowledge and technologies which enable the integration of new safety concepts related to technical, human, organizational and cultural aspects. The partnership represents over 1 million workers. The proposed project relates to strategic research topics defined by ETPIS and ECTP and is underpinning relevant EU policies on industrial safety.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: LCE-07-2016-2017 | Award Amount: 5.08M | Year: 2016

MOSAIC project aims to exceed the goal of the Strategic Energy Technology (SET) Plan - European Commission of producing CSP electricity at a cost below 0.10 /kWh. To exceed this goal a commercial CSP plant of > 1GW of nominal capacity is foreseen, in which high nominal capacity of CSP plant is reached in a modular way where each MOSAIC module delivers thermal energy to linked thermal energy storage systems that supply their energy to a high capacity power block (>1GW). This modular configuration guarantees reliability, flexibility and dispatchability according to the needs of the electrical grid while reduces significantly the specific cost of the Power block (/MW installed). Each MOSAIC module consists of an innovative fixed spherical mirror concentrator arranged in a semi-Fresnel manner and an actuated receiver based on a low cost closed loop cable tracking system. This configuration reduces the moving parts of the whole system decreasing solar field cost while keeping high concentration ratios. This will assure high working temperatures thus high cycle efficiencies and a cost effective use of thermal storage systems. Energy from the sun is collected, concentrated and transferred to the heat transfer fluid at module level where, due to the modular concept, distances from the solar concentrator to the receiver are much shorter that those typical from solar tower technologies. As a result, the efficiency of energy collection is maximized, atmospherical attenuation is minimized and accuracy requirements can be relaxed. All these technical benefits contribute to a much lower capital cost of the whole system while keeping efficiency and reliability. This has consequently a strong impact in the final cost of electricity production. First figures show LCOE estimated values below 0.10/kWh for CSP power plants of 100 MW nominal power based in MOSAIC concept, additional cost reductions are expected for greater capacities (>1GW) exceeding the goal of the SET plan

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.1.1 | Award Amount: 8.07M | Year: 2010

The Internet has evolved from a technology-centric core network to a user- and content-centric network that must support millions of users creating and consuming content. It must accommodate new services with new requirements and cope with heterogeneous network technologies. The momentum is moving toward the end user who is now capable of creating, storing, and delivering content and services. FIGARO proposes a Future Internet architecture that is structured around residential networks. In this architecture, home gateways have a key role as integrator of different networks and services, and as coordinator of Internet-wide distributed content management. FIGARO will: i) design a novel content management architecture that enables distributed content backup, search and access. This architecture will also support mobile users and wireless ad-hoc content sharing; ii) develop a network optimization framework, leveraging community networks and heterogeneous networks; iii) deliver a network management architecture which includes new network monitoring and real-time troubleshooting techniques; iv) explore novel Internet-based communication and service solutions for emerging sectors, such as energy management and e-health care.\nWe will deliver the components of the FIGARO architecture through an experimental approach incorporating testbed prototyping of solutions. In summary, FIGARO is intended to evolve the current Internet to meet future demands of applications, services and end-users, while preserving its current robustness and increasing its scalability and efficiency. Furthermore, the integration of new sectors into the future Internet will spur trans-sector innovation and create new businesses. The project is expected to result in technologies that will strengthen Europes position and give competitive advantage to European industry in the areas of Future Internet technologies and services, residential gateways and home automation.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: NMP.2012.1.2-1 | Award Amount: 14.00M | Year: 2013

NANOREM is designed to unlock the potential of nanoremediation and so support both the appropriate use of nanotechnology in restoring land and aquifer resources and the development of the knowledge-based economy at a world leading level for the benefit of a wide range of users in the EU environmental sector. NANOREM uniquely takes a holistic approach to examining how the potential for nanoremediation can be developed and applied in practice, to enhance a stronger development of nanoremediation markets and applications in the EU. NANOREMs ambitious objectives are: 1) Identification of the most appropriate nanoremediation technological approaches to achieve a step change in practical remediation performance. Development of lower cost production techniques and production at commercially relevant scales, also for large scale applications. 2) Determination of the mobility and migration potential of nanoparticles in the subsurface, and their potential to cause harm, focusing on the NP types most likely to be adopted into practical use in the EU. 3) Development of a comprehensive tool box for field scale observation of nanoremediation performance and determination of the fate of NPs in the subsurface, including analytical methods, field measurement devices, decision support and numerical tools. 4) Dissemination and dialogue with key stakeholder interests to ensure that research, development and demonstration meets end-user and regulatory requirements and information and knowledge is shared widely across the EU. 5) Provide applications at representative scales including field sites to validate cost, performance, and fate and transport findings. The NANOREM consortium is multidisciplinary, cross-sectoral and transnational. It includes 28 partners from 12 countries organized in 11 work packages. The consortium includes 18 of the leading nanoremediation research groups in the EU, 10 industry and service providers (8 SMEs) and one organisation with policy and regulatory interest.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: JTI-CP-ARTEMIS | Phase: SP1-JTI-ARTEMIS-2010-7;SP1-JTI-ARTEMIS-2010-3 | Award Amount: 44.56M | Year: 2011

The objective of Internet of Energy (IoE) is to develop hardware, software and middleware for seamless, secure connectivity and interoperability achieved by connecting the Internet with the energy grids. The application of the IoE will be the infrastructure for the electric mobility. The underlying architecture is of distributed Embedded Systems (ESs), combining power electronics, integrated circuits, sensors, processing units, storage technologies, algorithms, and software. The IoE will implement the real time interface between the power network/grid and the Internet. The grid will increasingly rely on smaller, locally distributed electricity generators and storage systems that are based on plug & play principles. Power network devices and loads at the edge (such as electrical vehicles, buildings, electric devices, and home appliances) can be charged or connected on any source of energy being solar, wind, or hydroelectric. Reference designs and ESs architectures for high efficiency innovative smart network systems will be addressed with regard to requirements of compatibility, networking, security, robustness, diagnosis, maintenance, integrated resource management, and self-organization. The future smart grid will converge with the Internet based on standard interfaces, and a physical infrastructure to support electric mobility and the efficient distribution of power and information. IoE will provide a robust, accessible and programmable platform that creates applications and services facilitating an increased use of renewable energy sources as fast as is feasible in a cost effective manner. The project will enable the creation of value added services using both wired and wireless devices with access to the Internet by managing key topics: such as demand response, modelling/simulation, energy efficiency and conservation, usage monitoring, real time energy balance and billing. The project considers vertical integration and horizontal cooperation among energy utilities, OEMs, and hardware/software/silicon providers. TA update approved on 30/04/2013

Air-conditioning is a rapidly growing electrical end-use in EU. A/C systems reduce temperature of the ambient air while removing humidity. However such combined air conditioning/dehumidification is generally inefficient. A promising approach is represented by Hybrid Liquid Desiccant (HLD) systems, where the latent load is removed by a liquid desiccant dehumidifier, while the sensible load is removed by a conventional vapor compression air cooler. The heat required for regeneration of the liquid desiccants needs however to be provided by outer sources like natural gas or solar collectors. Furthermore almost all metal alloys are corroded by the most effective liquid desiccants. HLD systems are therefore not penetrating the market. Our goal is to develop an innovative HLD system in the range 100-200 kW, where waste heat from the condenser is used for regeneration of the desiccants. The energy demand by this process is 55% of the conventional technique. In cases of severe humid environments, like swimming pools, or kitchens, the energy savings can achieve easily levels of 65%-70%. Several innovative components have to be developed, namely: - Two multifunctional heat exchangers with high corrosion resistance for either water vapour absorption from the air flow or desiccant regeneration; - Development of a liquid-liquid heat exchanger with high corrosion resistance for desiccant regeneration process pre-heat (liquid-liquid desiccant). Based on the promising results of the FP7 Thermonano project, thermally conductive polymer nano-composites will be considered as material for these components and shaped into innovative engineered heat exchange surface. The partners foresee an initial market worth up to 180 MEuro by 2020, generating/maintaining 4000 job opportunities for skilled operators and installers. The partners expect that the intended HVAC solution will allow cumulative savings on energy bill of at least 60 MEuro with a pay-back time below 2 years in case of 50% use.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.3.6 | Award Amount: 3.32M | Year: 2010

Writing parallel programs has traditionally been considered a difficult task, even when parallelism is taken into account from the beginning. Moreover there is an urgent need to parallelize the massive amounts of legacy sequential code so as to increase its performance on processors and systems that refocus from single-thread acceleration to increasing the overall throughput. At the same time, memory (in particular cache) performance is essential to achieve the full gain from a parallelized application. However, while processor architecture tends to be relatively standard across applications within a domain, huge performance and power improvements can be achieved by tailoring the cache architecture to the application at hand, and not just to an entire domain.\n\nThe HEAP project faces these challenges directly, by developing:\n1.\tAn innovative toolset that helps software developers profile and parallelize existing sequential implementations by exploiting top-level pipeline-style parallelism.\n2.\tA highly configurable cache architecture that can be tailored to an application by using the same profiling data as those that were used for parallelization, in order to fully exploit the available computing power.\n\nIn particular, the HEAP project will provide\n1.\ta novel SMP multicore platform supporting a group of novel cache coherence protocols; each application will be profiled so as to select and tune the most appropriate cache coherency mechanism.\n2.\tan innovative toolflow that complements this architecture; this tool will ease and/or automate the parallelisation of sequential C-code based on an analysis of the dataflow while it will provide configuration and tuning data (e.g. in terms of which variables are local, and which are mostly written or mostly read by a thread) to the cache coherency mechanisms so as to optimize them for the given application\n\nIn order to increase the exploitability of the end-results, the toolflow (an incarnation of which will be also distributed in an open source manner) will be implemented in such a way that it will be able to perform sequential-to-multicore migration for any multicore architecture (not only the HEAP one). Moreover, the architecture will be capable of running multithreaded code compiled by any compiler/toolset (not only the one implemented by HEAP). However, in order to take full advantage of the HEAP results, the combined toolset and architecture should be utilized.\n\nWe innovate in the first domain by using both pessimistic and optimistic estimates of the available parallelism, by refining those estimates using metric-driven verification techniques, and by supporting dynamic recovery of excessively optimistic parallelization.

Bella F.,Polytechnic University of Turin | Gerbaldi C.,Polytechnic University of Turin | Barolo C.,University of Turin | Gratzel M.,Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne
Chemical Society Reviews | Year: 2015

Nowadays, dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) are the most extensively investigated systems for the conversion of solar energy into electricity, particularly for implementation in devices where low cost and good performance are required. Nevertheless, a key aspect is still to be addressed, being considered strongly harmful for a long time, which is the presence of water in the cell, either in the electrolyte or at the electrode/electrolyte interface. Here comes the present review, in the course of which we try our best to address the highly topical role of water in DSSCs, trying to figure out if it is a poisoner or the keyword to success, by means of a thoroughly detailed analysis of all the established phenomena in an aqueous environment. Actually, in the last few years the scientific community has suddenly turned its efforts in the direction of using water as a solvent, as demonstrated by the amount of research articles being published in the literature. Indeed, by means of DSSCs fabricated with water-based electrolytes, reduced costs, non-flammability, reduced volatility and improved environmental compatibility could be easily achieved. As a result, an increasing number of novel electrodes, dyes and electrolyte components are continuously proposed, being highly challenging from the materials science viewpoint and with the golden thread of producing truly water-based DSSCs. If the initial purpose of DSSCs was the construction of an artificial photosynthetic system able to convert solar light into electricity, the use of water as the key component may represent a great step forward towards their widespread diffusion in the market. © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2015.

Fre P.,University of Turin | Sorin A.S.,Joint Institute for Nuclear Research | Trigiante M.,Polytechnic University of Turin
Nuclear Physics B | Year: 2014

The question whether the integrable one-field cosmologies classified in a previous paper by Fré, Sagnotti and Sorin can be embedded as consistent one-field truncations into Extended Gauged Supergravity or in N=1 supergravity gauged by a superpotential without the use of D-terms is addressed in this paper. The answer is that such an embedding is very difficult and rare but not impossible. Indeed, we were able to find two examples of integrable models embedded in supergravity in this way. Both examples are fitted into N=1 supergravity by means of a very specific and interesting choice of the superpotential W(z). The question whether there are examples of such an embedding in Extended Gauged Supergravity remains open. In the present paper, relying on the embedding tensor formalism we classified all gaugings of the N=2 STU model, confirming, in the absence on hypermultiplets, the uniqueness of the stable de Sitter vacuum found several years ago by Fré, Trigiante and Van Proeyen and excluding the embedding of any integrable cosmological model. A detailed analysis of the space of exact solutions of the first supergravity-embedded integrable cosmological model revealed several new features worth an in-depth consideration. When the scalar potential has an extremum at a negative value, the Universe necessarily collapses into a Big Crunch notwithstanding its spatial flatness. The causal structure of these Universes is quite different from that of the closed, positive curved, Universe: indeed, in this case the particle and event horizons do not coincide and develop complicated patterns. The cosmological consequences of this unexpected mechanism deserve careful consideration. © 2014 The Authors.

Martina V.,Polytechnic University of Turin | Garetto M.,University of Turin | Leonardi E.,Polytechnic University of Turin
Proceedings - IEEE INFOCOM | Year: 2014

We propose a unified methodology to analyse the performance of caches (both isolated and interconnected), by extending and generalizing a decoupling technique originally known as Che's approximation, which provides very accurate results at low computational cost. We consider several caching policies, taking into account the effects of temporal locality. In the case of interconnected caches, our approach allows us to do better than the Poisson approximation commonly adopted in prior work. Our results, validated against simulations and trace-driven experiments, provide interesting insights into the performance of caching systems. © 2014 IEEE.

Xu Z.,Polytechnic University of Turin | Coors V.,Stuttgart University of Applied Sciences
Building and Environment | Year: 2012

Constructing and improving urban residential areas is an eternal critical subject in the process of the whole urban development which is connected with a series of challenges and problems. During the past decades, urban residential development has speed up extremely with massive population mobility in cities. The purpose of this study is to propose an integrated approach for sustainability assessment of urban residential development, considering sustainability indicators, housing equilibrium and building visualization. Firstly based on merging DPSIR (Driving Forces, Pressure, State, Impact and Response) framework and Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP), the indicators were systematized for the sustainability modeling. Due to the urban activities cause impacts not only on local level but also a broader scale, a simulation model, using System Dynamics (SD) methodology, was structured to quantitatively investigate the developmental tendency of the indicators. And then the estimated results were displayed in 2D density maps in ArcGIS and 3D visualization in CityEngine. A real case study was presented for the Stuttgart Region of the state of Baden-Württemberg in Southern Germany and its Plieningen district to experience the usefulness and feasibility of the developed approach. The integration of GIS, SD model and 3D visualization, called GISSD system here, can better explain the interaction and the variation of the sustainability indicators for residential development. Hence it is able to support the Decision Maker to view the sustainable level of urban residential areas more comprehensively. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

Ascione F.,University of Sannio | Bellia L.,University of Naples Federico II | Capozzoli A.,Polytechnic University of Turin
Applied Energy | Year: 2013

In the museum environment, the temporal stability and the spatial uniformity of the indoor microclimatic parameters are necessary primarily for the correct artwork conservation and then for the occupant thermal comfort. Therefore, a HVAC system is usually necessary. This paper above all emphasizes the integration of Building Energy Performance Simulation (BEPS) and Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) codes. This coupled numerical approach can provide accurate information about both the HVAC system energy request and the indoor microclimatic control (temporal and spatial distribution of the parameters). Then, a case study concerning a typical museum exhibition room is examined. The annual energy request for three types of all-air system, as well as the temporal variation of indoor temperature and relative humidity, is evaluated by means of a BEPS code. Energy savings can be obtained using a system with desiccant wheel (11%) or enthalpy wheel (9%), compared to the base system. As regards indoor relative humidity control, this is more critical for summer conditions, and the best performance is obtained by the system with desiccant wheel. Then, the spatial microclimatic control is analyzed by means of a CFD analysis, for various thermal load conditions and different air diffusion xequipments. The best performances are obtained by using the swirling (vortex) diffusers; also the perimetrical stripes of slot diffusers show satisfactory performances. Finally, in order to evaluate the ability of air diffusion equipments to assure good ventilation effectiveness, an analysis of the mean age of air is carried out too. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.

Thai C.H.,Ton Duc Thang University | Ferreira A.J.M.,University of Porto | Ferreira A.J.M.,King Abdulaziz University | Carrera E.,Polytechnic University of Turin | Nguyen-Xuan H.,Ton Duc Thang University
Composite Structures | Year: 2013

We present an isogeometric finite element formulation for static, free vibration and buckling analysis of laminated composite and sandwich plates. The idea behind this work is to associate an isogeometric analysis (IGA) with a layerwise theory [. A.J.M. Ferreira. Analyis of composite plates using a layerwise deformation theory and multiquadrics discretization. Mech Adv Mater Struct 2005;12(2):99-112]. Isogeometric analysis based on non-uniform rational B-spline (NURBS) basic functions were recently proposed to preserve exact geometries and to enhance very significantly the accuracy of the traditional finite elements. B-splines basic function (or NURBS) is used to represent for both geometric and field variable approximations, which provide a flexible way to make refinement and degree elevation. They enable us to achieve easily the smoothness with arbitrary continuity order compared with the traditional FEM. The layerwise theory assumes a first-order shear deformation theory in each layer and the imposition of displacement continuity at the layers interfaces. This permits to remove shear correction factors and improves the accuracy of transverse shear stresses. Intensive numerical studies have been conducted to show the highly efficient performance of the proposed formulation. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

Alfano G.,Polytechnic University of Turin | Garetto M.,University of Turin | Leonardi E.,Polytechnic University of Turin
Proceedings - IEEE INFOCOM | Year: 2011

Stochastic geometry proves to be a powerful tool for modeling dense wireless networks adopting random MAC protocols such as ALOHA and CSMA. The main strength of this methodology lies in its ability to account for the randomness in the nodes' location jointly with an accurate description at the physical layer, based on the SINR, that allows to consider also random fading on each link. Existing models of CSMA networks adopting the stochastic geometry approach suffer from two important weaknesses: 1) they permit to evaluate only spatial averages of the main performance measures, thus hiding possibly huge discrepancies in the performance achieved by individual nodes; 2) they are analytically tractable only when nodes are distributed over the area according to simple spatial processes (e.g., the Poisson point process). In this paper we show how the stochastic geometry approach can be extended to overcome the above limitations, allowing to obtain node throughput distributions as well as to analyze a significant class of topologies in which nodes are not independently placed. © 2011 IEEE.

Corgnati S.P.,Polytechnic University of Turin | Fabrizio E.,University of Turin | Filippi M.,Polytechnic University of Turin | Monetti V.,Polytechnic University of Turin
Applied Energy | Year: 2013

The Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD recast, 2010/31/EU) requires Member States to define minimum requirements of energy performance of buildings and building components with a view to achieving cost-optimal levels. In order to calculate the cost optimal level of minimum energy performance, Member States are required to create a set of reference buildings, at national or regional level, to be used in the calculations. This paper introduces to the concept of reference buildings and to the state of art at an international level. In particular, a general methodology for the creation of reference buildings is illustrated. A case study of an office building as a reference building for the Italian existing building stock is then shown. The process concerning the building definition and modeling was carried out by means of dynamic energy simulation program EnergyPlus. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.

Jha A.,University of Leeds | Richards B.,University of Leeds | Jose G.,University of Leeds | Teddy-Fernandez T.,University of Leeds | And 3 more authors.
Progress in Materials Science | Year: 2012

Germanium oxide (GeO 2) and tellurium oxide (TeO 2) based glasses are classed as the heavy metal oxide glasses, with phonon energies ranging between 740 cm -1 and 880 cm -1. These two types of glasses exhibit unique combinations of optical and spectroscopic properties, together with their attractive environmental resistance and mechanical properties. Engineering such a combination of structural, optical and spectroscopic properties is only feasible as a result of structural variability in these two types of glasses, since more than one structural units (TeO 4 bi-pyramid, TeO 3 trigonal pyramid, and TeO 3+δ polyhedra) in tellurite and (GeO 4 tetrahedron, GeO 3 octahedron) in GeO 2 based glasses may exist, depending on composition. The presence of multiple structural moities creates a range of dipole environments which is ideal for engineering broad spectral bandwidth rare-earth ion doped photonic device materials, suitable for laser and amplifier devices. Tellurite glasses were discovered in 1952, but remained virtually unknown to materials and device engineers until 1994 when unusual spectroscopic, nonlinear and dispersion properties of alkali and alkaline earth modified tellurite glasses and fibres were reported. Detailed spectroscopic analysis of Pr 3+, Nd 3+, Er 3+, and Tm 3+ doped tellurite glasses revealed its potential for laser and amplifier devices for optical communication wavelengths. This review summarises the thermal and viscosity properties of tellurite and germanate glasses for fibre fabrication and compares the linear loss for near and mid-IR device engineering. The aspects of glass preform fabrication for fibre engineering is discussed by emphasising the raw materials processing with casting of preforms and fibre fabrication. The spectroscopic properties of tellurite and germanate glasses have been analysed with special emphasis on oscillator strength and radiative rate characteristics for visible, near IR and mid-IR emission. The review also compares the latest results in the engineering of lasers and amplifiers, based on fibres for optical communication and mid-IR. The achievements in the areas of near-IR waveguide and mid-IR bulk glass, fibre, and waveguide lasers are discussed. The latest landmark results in mode-locked 2 μm bulk glass lasers sets the precedence for engineering nonlinear and other laser devices for accessing the inaccessible parts of the mid-IR spectrum and discovering new applications for the future. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Carr J.A.,University of Virginia | D'Odorico P.,University of Virginia | Laio F.,Polytechnic University of Turin | Ridolfi L.,Polytechnic University of Turin
Geophysical Research Letters | Year: 2012

Food security strongly depends on how water resources available in a certain region contribute to determine the maximum amount of food that it can produce. Human societies often cope with water scarcity by importing food products from other regions. Thus, the international trade of food commodities is associated with a virtual transfer of water resources from production to consumption regions through a network of trade. Even though global food security increasingly relies on this trade, the spatiotemporal patterns of the virtual water network remain poorly investigated. It is unclear how these patterns are changing over time, whether there is an increase in the interconnectedness of the network, and at what rate the globalization of water resources is occurring. Here we use a rich database of international trade and reconstruct the virtual water network from 1986 through 2008. We find that the total flow has more than doubled, and the number of links has increased by 92% over this time period. The network has become more homogeneous but most of the flow concentrates in few links and hubs, while several countries exhibit only few (and weak) connections. 50% of the global fluxes are carried by 1.1% of the links, and on average 6-8% of the global population controls more than 50% of the net virtual water exports. The network is extremely dynamic and intermittent with only few permanent links, while each year many links are created and dismissed. Copyright 2012 by the American Geophysical Union.

Garetto M.,University of Turin | Leonardi E.,Polytechnic University of Turin
IEEE Transactions on Information Theory | Year: 2010

In this paper, we analyze asymptotic delay-throughput tradeoffs in mobile ad hoc networks comprising heterogeneous nodes with restricted mobility. We show that node spatial heterogeneity has the ability to drastically improve upon existing scaling laws established under the assumption that nodes are identical and uniformly visit the entire network area. In particular, we consider the situation in which each node moves around its own home-point according to a restricted mobility process which results into a spatial stationary distribution that decays as a power law of exponent δ with the distance from the home-point. For such restricted mobility model, we propose a novel class of scheduling and routing schemes, which significantly outperforms all delay-throughput results previously obtained in the case of identical nodes. In particular, for δ = 2 it is possible to achieve almost constant delay and almost constant per-node throughput (except for a polylogarithmic factor) as the number of nodes increases, even without resorting to sophisticated coding or signal processing techniques. © 2010 IEEE.

D'Odorico P.,University of Virginia | Laio F.,Polytechnic University of Turin | Ridolfi L.,Polytechnic University of Turin
Geophysical Research Letters | Year: 2010

Most food production depends, directly or indirectly, on freshwater resources. In the absence of importation of food commodities, population growth is constrained by the availability of local resourcesincluding wateras well as by cultural and health-related factors. The global trade of massive amounts of food makes societies less reliant on locally available water resources, thereby allowing some populations to exceed the limits posed by their local water budget. Thus, international trade implies a virtual transfer of water resources from areas of food production to importing regions. While it is recognized that in the short term this globalization of (virtual) water resources may prevent malnourishment, famine, and conflicts, its long-term effects on the coupled human-natural system remain poorly investigated. Here we develop a minimalist modeling framework to investigate the effect of the uncontrolled trade of food products on the resilience of human societies with respect to drought and famine. Our results suggest that in the long run the globalization of water resources reduces the societal resilience with respect to water limitations in that it leaves fewer options available to cope with exceptional droughts and crop failure. © 2010 by the American Geophysical Union.

Mazzoli R.,University of Turin | Bosco F.,Polytechnic University of Turin | Mizrahi I.,Institute of Animal Science | Bayer E.A.,Weizmann Institute of Science | Pessione E.,University of Turin
Biotechnology Advances | Year: 2014

Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) have long been used in industrial applications mainly as starters for food fermentation or as biocontrol agents or as probiotics. However, LAB possess several characteristics that render them among the most promising candidates for use in future biorefineries in converting plant-derived biomass-either from dedicated crops or from municipal/industrial solid wastes-into biofuels and high value-added products. Lactic acid, their main fermentation product, is an attractive building block extensively used by the chemical industry, owing to the potential for production of polylactides as biodegradable and biocompatible plastic alternative to polymers derived from petrochemicals. LA is but one of many high-value compounds which can be produced by LAB fermentation, which also include biofuels such as ethanol and butanol, biodegradable plastic polymers, exopolysaccharides, antimicrobial agents, health-promoting substances and nutraceuticals. Furthermore, several LAB strains have ascertained probiotic properties, and their biomass can be considered a high-value product. The present contribution aims to provide an extensive overview of the main industrial applications of LAB and future perspectives concerning their utilization in biorefineries. Strategies will be described in detail for developing LAB strains with broader substrate metabolic capacity for fermentation of cheaper biomass. © 2014 Elsevier Inc.

Della Croce F.,Polytechnic University of Turin | Grosso A.,University of Turin
Computers and Operations Research | Year: 2012

We consider the 0/1 multi-dimensional knapsack problem and discuss the performances of a new heuristic procedure particularly suitable for a parallel computing environment embedding core problem approaches and a branching scheme based on reduced costs of the corresponding LP relaxation solution value. The proposed approach compared favorably to the recent state of the art procedures available in the literature on the well known OR-Library multi-dimensional knapsack problem benchmarks instances. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Dufo-Lopez R.,University of Zaragoza | Zubi G.,European Commission | Fracastoro G.V.,Polytechnic University of Turin
Applied Energy | Year: 2012

Nowadays, around 1.44 billion people have still no access to electricity, most of them living in rural areas in South and Southeast Asia, and Sub-Saharan Africa. The major residential energy consumption in these regions is for cooking. This energy demand is covered by firewood, agricultural residues and/or animal dung, implying often exhausting work for the collection and causing deforestation. Solar thermal cooking systems have been developed and promoted, although their success has been limited. This paper follows another solar cooking approach by evaluating the option of combining an off-grid PV system (PV generator+battery) with very low demand electric cooking appliances. The PV-battery system to supply the load demand for the electric cooking appliances for communities of 50 persons has been calculated. Thereby, the five countries with the highest population without access to electricity have been taken into account: India, Indonesia, Bangladesh, Pakistan and Nigeria. The levelized energy cost is around 3 c€ per meal or less and the life cycle emissions of the PV-battery system (manufacturing, transport and decommissioning) are around 7 gCO2 per meal. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

Alfano G.,Polytechnic University of Turin | Garetto M.,University of Turin | Leonardi E.,Polytechnic University of Turin
Proceedings - IEEE INFOCOM | Year: 2013

We analyze throughput-delay scaling laws of mobile ad-hoc networks under a content-centric traffic scenario, where users are mainly interested in retrieving contents cached by other nodes. We assume limited buffer size available at each node and Zipf-like content popularity. We consider nodes uniformly visiting the network area according to a random-walk mobility model, whose flight size is varied from the typical distance among the nodes (quasi-static case) up to the edge length of the network area (reshuffling mobility model). Our main findings are i) the best throughput-delay trade-offs are achieved in the quasi-static case: increasing the mobility degree of nodes leads to worse and worse performance; ii) the best throughput-delay trade-offs can be recovered by power control (i.e., by adapting the transmission range to the content) even in the complete reshuffling case. © 2013 IEEE.

Cordero E.,University of Turin | Nicola F.,Polytechnic University of Turin | Rodino L.,University of Turin
Reviews in Mathematical Physics | Year: 2015

We consider Schrödinger equations with real-valued smooth Hamiltonians, and non-smooth bounded pseudo-differential potentials, whose symbols may not even be differentiable. The well-posedness of the Cauchy problem is proved in the frame of the modulation spaces, and results of micro-local propagation of singularities are given in terms of Gabor wave front sets. © 2015