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Chajes V.,International Agency for Research on Cancer | Chajes V.,Institute Gustave Roussy | Biessy C.,International Agency for Research on Cancer | Byrnes G.,International Agency for Research on Cancer | And 50 more authors.
Nutrition and Cancer | Year: 2011

Elaidic acid is the main unnatural trans fatty acid isomer occurring during partial hydrogenation of vegetable oils used as ingredients for the formulation of processed foods. The main objective is to assess associations between processed food intakes and plasma phospholipid elaidic acid concentrations within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition study. A cross-sectional study was used to determine fatty acid profiles in 3,003 subjects from 16 centers. Single 24-h dietary recalls (24-HDR) were collected using a standardized computerized interview program. Food intakes were computed according to their degree of processing (moderately/nonprocessed foods, processed staple foods, highly processed foods). Adjusted ecological and individual correlations were calculated between processed food intakes and plasma elaidic acid levels. At the population level, mean intakes of highly processed foods were strongly correlated with mean levels of plasma elaidic acid in men (P = 0.0016) and in women (P = 0.0012). At the individual level, these associations remained but at a much lower level in men (r = 0.08, P = 0.006) and in women (r = 0.09, P = 0.0001). The use of an averaged 24-HDR measure of highly processed food intakes is adequate for predicting mean levels of plasma elaidic acid among European populations. © 2011 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

Greenacre M.,University Pompeu Fabra | Greenacre M.,University of Tromsoo
Ecology | Year: 2013

Canonical correspondence analysis and redundancy analysis are two methods of constrained ordination regularly used in the analysis of ecological data when ordinations based on several response variables (for example, species abundances) are related linearly to several explanatory variables (for example, environmental variables, spatial positions of samples). In this report I demonstrate the advantages of the fuzzy coding of explanatory variables: first, nonlinear relationships can be diagnosed; second, more variance in the responses can be explained; and third, in the presence of categorical explanatory variables (for example, years, regions) the interpretation of the resulting triplot ordination is unified because all explanatory variables are measured at a categorical level. © 2013 by the Ecological Society of America.

Su F.,University of Tromsoo | Bjoorndalen J.M.,University of Tromsoo | Ha P.H.,University of Tromsoo | Anshus O.J.,University of Tromsoo
International Conference on Wireless and Mobile Computing, Networking and Communications | Year: 2013

A user has several personal computers, including mobile phones, tablets, and laptops, and needs to watch live camera feeds from and videos stored at any of these computers at one or more of the others. Industry solutions designed for many users, computers, and videos can be complicated and slow to apply. The user must typically rely on a third party service or at least log in. The Personal Video Distribution (pVD) system supports sending and viewing live and stored videos between any of a single user's computers, and allows for a smooth handover of play back between computers. The system avoids any third parties, and relies only on the user's personal computers. We present the architecture, design and implementation of the pVD prototype. The architecture is comprised of functionality for sending videos, subscribing to videos, and maintaining the video play-back state. The design has a local side sending and viewing videos, and a global side coordinating the switching and distribution of videos, and maintaining subscriptions and video state. The prototype is primarily done in Python. A set of experiments was conducted to document the performance of the prototype. The results show that pVD global side has low CPU usage, and supports a handful of simultaneous exchanges of videos on a wireless network. © 2013 IEEE.

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