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Trier, Germany

The University of Trier , in the German city of Trier, was founded in 1473. Closed in 1798 by order of the then French administration in Trier, the university was re-established in 1970 after a hiatus of some 172 years. The new university campus is located on top of the Tarforst heights, an urban district on the outskirts of the city. The university has six faculties with around 470 faculty members. In 2006 around 14,000 students were matriculated, with 43.5% of the student body male and 56.5% female; the percentage of foreign students was approximately 15.5%. Wikipedia.

Habel J.C.,Natural History Museum Luxembourg | Schmitt T.,University of Trier
Biological Conservation | Year: 2012

In general, species with large ecological amplitudes are equipped with high genetic diversities. In contrast, more specialised species with narrow ecological amplitudes show low levels of genetic diversity. Generalist species are mostly rather marginally affected by recent land-use changes; specialist can be supported by specific conservation measures. We argue that, in the light of Conservation Genetics, species being ecologically intermediate between these two extremes are the most seriously affected ones by recent environmental changes. Such species which formerly occurred in large population networks have to sustain their high level of genetic variability via gene flow. Today, species from the latter group are negatively affected by rapid habitat collapses causing sudden lacks of population interconnectivity. Therefore, species with intermediate habitat demands and originally high genetic diversity might be at highest risk due to inbreeding depressions. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Dallinger U.,University of Trier
Journal of European Social Policy | Year: 2010

Rising levels of income inequality in almost all industrialized countries as a consequence of globalization and de-industrialization might lead one to assume that voters will demand more redistribution and exert influence on their governments to set up redistributive programmes. However, this is not always the case. Citizens do not react directly to actual levels of inequality, as research on the attitudes towards inequality and redistribution has shown. In this article the complex relation between cross-national variation of inequality and public support for redistribution is analysed. The article draws on explanations from both a political economy perspective as well as drawing on comparative welfare regime research. While the former conceives cross-national variations in support for redistribution as the aggregate effect of a demand of rational actors reacting to country context, the latter focuses on the impact of institutions and culture superimposing itself over self-interest. The empirical analysis tests the explanations of both the political economy and welfare regimes approach. Since the article focuses on the impact of context variables on individual attitudes, a multilevel analysis is adopted. Data are taken from the 1999 'International Social Survey Program' and are complemented by macro-economic variables. Based on the results, a model of contingent support for redistribution is put forward, where culturally influenced definitions are embedded in economic processes. © The Author(s), 2009. Source

Udelhoven T.,University of Trier
IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing | Year: 2011

TimeStats is a free tool for the analysis of multitemporal equidistant georeferenced remote sensing data archives, such as MODIS, AVHRR, MERIS and SPOT-Vegetation. Key features include parametric and non-parametric methods for trend detection, generalized-least square regression, distributed lag models, cross spectra analysis, windowed trend and frequency analysis, continuous wavelet transform, empirical mode decomposition and extraction of phenological indexes (peaking times and magnitudes). The intension of this paper is to demonstrate how these methods can be used for data mining in long-term remote sensing data archives to retrieve transient, cyclic and stochastic components and to regress autocorrelated series in a statistical meaningful way to each other. TimeStats is programmed in the Interactive Data Language® (IDL) and freely distributed with the IDL virtual machine®. Generated raster output files are saved in the standard ENVI® format with appropriate header files and are portable to common geospatial satellite imaging processing software packages. Software binaries and an extended user manual can be obtained from the author. © 2010 IEEE. Source

Neumann R.,University of Trier
Emotion (Washington, D.C.) | Year: 2012

Given that semantic processes mediate early processes in the elicitation of emotions, we expect that already activated emotion-specific information can influence the elicitation of an emotion. In Experiment 1, participants were exposed to masked International Affective Picture System (IAPS) pictures that elicited either disgust or fear. Following the presentation of the primes, other IAPS pictures were presented as targets that elicited either disgust or fear. The participants' task was to classify the target picture as either disgust or fear evoking. In Experiment 2, we substituted the IAPS primes with facial expressions of either disgust or fear. In Experiment 3, we substituted the IAPS primes with the words disgust or fear. In all three experiments, we found that prime-target combinations of the same emotion were responded to faster than prime-target combinations of different emotions. Our findings suggest that the influence of primes on the elicitation of emotion is mediated by activated schemata or appraisal processes. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved). Source

Schmitt T.,University of Trier | Varga Z.,Debrecen University
Frontiers in Zoology | Year: 2012

Some decades ago, biogeographers distinguished three major faunal types of high importance for Europe: (i) Mediterranean elements with exclusive glacial survival in the Mediterranean refugia, (ii) Siberian elements with glacial refugia in the eastern Palearctic and only postglacial expansion to Europe and (iii) arctic and/or alpine elements with large zonal distributions in the periglacial areas and postglacial retreat to the North and/or into the high mountain systems. Genetic analyses have unravelled numerous additional refugia both of continental and Mediterranean species, thus strongly modifying the biogeographical view of Europe. This modified notion is particularly true for the so-called Siberian species, which in many cases have not immigrated into Europe during the postglacial period, but most likely have survived the last, or even several glacial phases, in extra-Mediterranean refugia in some climatically favourable but geographically limited areas of southern Central and Eastern Europe. Recently, genetic analyses revealed that typical Mediterranean species have also survived the Last Glacial Maximum in cryptic northern refugia (e.g. in the Carpathians or even north of the Alps) in addition to their Mediterranean refuge areas. © 2012 Schmitt and Varga; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

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