Novi Travnik, Bosnia and Herzegovina

University of Travnik

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Novi Travnik, Bosnia and Herzegovina

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Bogdanovic V.,University of Novi Sad | Ruskic N.,University of Novi Sad | Kulovic M.,University of Travnik | Han L.,University of Tennessee at Knoxville
Transportation Research Record | Year: 2013

Two-way stop-controlled (TWSC) intersections are one of the most common forms of at-grade roadway junctions in the world. These intersections are typically located where a minor road intersects or joins a major roadway and stop signs are placed on the minor approaches. When the major roadway and the traffic that it carries go straight through the intersection, it is a standard TWSC intersection. In many places, however, the prevailing traffic and the major roadway do not continue straight through the intersection. In such cases, the major roadway bends at an angle at the intersection, and the stop signs on the minor streets are placed on adjacent legs of the intersection. These intersections are nonstandard TWSC intersections. Nonstandard TWSC intersections are found frequently in some countries and exist in most. These intersections are officially recognized in traffic codes and manuals in Europe, Australia, and the United States, yet the Highway Capacity Manual (HCM) TWSC procedure does not specifically handle these intersections. In fact, a literature review yielded no established procedure for the calculation of capacity at nonstandard TWSC intersections that would consider the specificities related to the layout of the approaching roadways and the characteristics of the traffic flow, such as the critical headway and the follow-up headway. This paper demonstrates the uniqueness of nonstandard TWSC intersections, reports analysis results from field data collected at several similar nonstandard TWSC T-intersections, identifies discrepancy in critical headway figures and level-of-service ratings that can result from the use of the HCM procedure for TWSC intersections, and calls for further research on the subject in other locales.


Peneva B.,National Sport Academy | Bonacin D.,University of Travnik
Sport Science | Year: 2011

Through last decades, several different tendencies can be registered in schools physical education in general. Some of them are logical result of World transformation as well as school itself, and some of them are generated from different roles of physical exercise. Finally, it is not possible to neglect different ways of organisational forms of nowdays physical education conduction. This article address tasks and conditions of school PE and exercise in following concepts: Biological oriented, Education through movement, Personality education through movement, Conformist sport organisation and Critical constructive movement socialization. Probably new pathways can be find in change from biological forward to social values of PE, and changes in PE teachers forward to more creative support of pupils.


By means of the model of simulating the development of pseudo-objects in a finite space the sub-segments of the totally defined process were successfully recognized and described. These sub-segments show the domination in comparison to other sub-processes in particular periods. On the basis of the positions of certain sub-segments, but also on the basis of their interactions, the bearers of the pieces of information that designate the process were identified and in terms of parameters determined as: Communicativeness, Expansion, Level of Organization, Coherence, Stableness and Harmony. By means of the algorithm that places the polar taxons cumulatively into the 'Indifg' position, the completely consistent and uninterrupted series of related points were obtained that described important phases of each process: 1) release of initial energy, 2) variations induced by energy, 3) collection and amassment of materials, 4) cognition or learning, 5) external integration of resources and 6) preparation for the transfer into a new process or to a new level. This paper offers the regularities, that is, the universal parameters and phases of a process that are transparent and easily applicable in many situations and in any field.


Alija I.,University of Travnik
Technics Technologies Education Management | Year: 2010

Integrated circuit topography has to be protected because development of new integrated circuits, and particularly the reduction in their size, requires significant investments, whereas it is very easy and inexpensive to copy the topography once it has been developed. A well designed and produced chip is subject to copying by competition, what is the main reason for emergence of the right to protect the topography of integrated circuits. Protected topography ensures, for a limited time period, exclusive right of its owner to prohibit or allow copying the topography, as well as the importing, selling or engaging in other transactions with topography or the integrated circuit produced on the basis of its use and also the product into which the integrated circuit containing the protected topography has been incorporated. The law on integrated circuit topography, once adopted, would provide for new legislation of topography right the concept of which would guarantee maximum quality, contemporariness of the solution and compatibility with requirements of the Bosnian- Herzegovinian economic system and with proven systems in the world.


The purpose of this article is the definition of a general model and pointing to substantial differences in the management and disposal the necessary resources between public and private higher education institutions. The analysis is an assumption about where the differences are generally generated and the resulting products if any other differences that reflect the total range. Design and approach in the article was to compare authors own copyright research, consulting other literature citations, and articulation of conclusions related to these issues. The results of the comparison and logical conclusion execution led to the conclusion that there is and would not even supposed to be some specific differences in all aspects relating to the relevant institutions that approve action in higher education institutions. With this direct connection, of course, also there should be no significant difference in the structure of the program that is in the content value of the realization of goals, which means neither the structure of learning outcomes. Finally, there is no difference in the segment which is the resultant response to the balance sheet that is implemented and demonstrates the mandatory part of the competent authorities. Differences, however, can certainly register the mode of action of management, since the private institution respects market as short-term and public institutions as long-term activity modulator. The value of this work can be seen in sending a clear message that there are important differences between public and private institutions and that is precisely the difference in management, which makes important strategic, and operational decisions, and consideration should essentially be focused on this crucial point. The findings of this study can be easily interpolated into sports associations, and certainly to other forms of organized labor in the social community, where you meet budget, market, mixed and otherwise specified funding.


The purpose of this work was the preparation and testing of algorithm prepared for the analysis of structural multivariate distinguishing groups of entities derived from the total distributed deployments. The fundamental methodological pattern is evident in the fact that within the sample defined in any way that there are sub-samples on the basis of some objective criteria can be classified at least as inferior, average and superior, or at transformational process as initial, transitive and final state. The algorithm has been tested on several examples of which two are prepared as example. One is presented in this paper as an example of unstable subsamples in motor domain that show differences in the structure of the transformation process with inferior and average entities. Another example was published in the "Acta Kinesiologica" journal in the morphological domain and shows no structural changes how they are, just the algorithm detect (Bonacin & Bonacin, 2012).


Jakic V.,University of Travnik
Technics Technologies Education Management | Year: 2011

The paper is aimed at defining the fundamental marketing terms (presented in the first section of the paper: basics of small business marketing) and, on a sample of thirty small business based in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Republic of Croatia, at empirically researching the degree of the use of marketing in these businesses (presented in the second section of the paper: summary of the report on empirical research). The business owners were interviewed based on a questionnaire that consisted of twelve thematic units, each of which was subdivided into a few headwords. In summary, over a half of respondents (33 or 55.0%) knows nothing and do not use marketing in their business, 16 of them (or 26.7%) knows a lot about them and applies marketing in their companies, while 11 (or18.3%) hardly got passing grades.


Alija I.,University of Travnik
Technics Technologies Education Management | Year: 2011

Having signed Stabilization and Association Agreement with European Community (further in text: EC) in 2008, Bosnia and Herzegovina committed itself, on its path to full membership to European Community, to adopt acquis communautaire. In september 2008 within the EuropeAid Programme financed by European Community, Bosnia and Herzegovina accepted full responsibility to improve collective management of copyright and related rights at the legislative level in order to achieve full accordance of domestic law with European Community legal system as well as with valid international conventions and treaties in that field (Berne Convention, Rome Convention, Brussels Convention, TRIPS Agreement and treaties WCT and WIPT). At the same time, responsibility of providing higher nomotechnical level of a new law as well as its comparable nature with similar contemporary regulations of other members of European Community was added to the main task. In applicable Law on Copyright and Related Rights in Bosnia and Herzegovina (ZAPSP/2002) collective management of copyright and related rights has been treated in a very unsatisfying way. That crucial issue is treated by ten articles only, if we take into consideration all articles in chapters of Law which, at least, treat realization of rights by title. However, by such narrow regulation a lot of questions have become opened, therefore, one of intention of enacting this law is overcoming lack of law in that field.


Managing any sort of processes is often a difficult task that requires a lot of responsibility most of the time. Due to the growing complexity of existing systems (from local all the way up to global), ordinary regulation procedures that should "maintain" the systems within normal parameters are having more and more difficulties when meeting new demands. This is applicable in all areas of human activity, even in technical, particularly in so called social and especially, in a broader sense, anthropological areas. The article puts forward the implementation of the rules for cascade regulation into the management of transformation processes in kinesiology, medicine, pedagogy and other anthropological disciplines with possible application based on two in part convergent ways: 1. Embedded, and 2. Temporal cascade regulation. Both cases demand good understanding of mathematical tools. It seems that the awareness of transformational achievement goals would be raised to a whole new level and errors caused by unknown factors would be reduced to a minimum.


Lozovina M.,University of Split | Lozovina V.,University of Split | Bonacin D.,University of Travnik
Sport Science | Year: 2011

Training (or transformation process) is a series of operations that is applied in a specific time interval, where each one has its own important characteristic such as: operation content, the way operation is performed, the size of subject activities over which the operation is performed. Paradigmatic and methodological conditions in transformation processes inevitable leads to modulation of such process based on precise methodological presumptions and mathematical definitions. It is of minor importance that some of conditions and occasions could not be monitored and controlled absolutely, because well planed and programmed process includes some type of possible discordance with 'ideal' state defined in starting position. Anyway, after acceptance of methodological presumptions, the only tool we can seriously accept for controlling and evaluation of training is mathematical. This article tries to point on some such major comprehensive allocations that can be of great importance for training understanding, modulation identification and recognition and with global ideas included.

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