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University of Technology of Compiègne, France

Sauret M.-J.,University of Toulouse Jean Jaures | Zapata C.,LCPI
Cliniques Mediterraneennes | Year: 2016

This article seek to show how science, politics and psychoanalysis, as discourses, are knotted together; it does so by describing the principal moments of a process that could account for the logic at work in today's world. It shows how the discourse of analysis emerges "in the real" precisely in response to those aspects of subjectivization that are rejected by the discourses of science and capitalism, while simultaneously making them available to these discourses. The author opens up the question of what future psychoanalysis may have, a future that, in our neoliberal context, will depend on its ability to dissociate the object, cause of desire, from the object of the market, or, in other terms, surplus jouissance from surplus value. This with the aim of restoring or maintaining the function of the cause of desire and returning to the subject responsibility for its position. Source

If jazz and psychoanalysis are undoubtedly the major cultural events of the aesthetic and epistemic twentieth century, it would appear that some more subtle homologies and rapports between them exist. A special relationship with the knowledge, the truth and the act which can be find in their practices of improvisation for one and, for the other, of interpretation. In addition, more than other disciplines or styles in their fields, they seem promote a "discourse", a form of "social bond" based on the language: assumption that this article seeks to demonstrate. Source

Coughlan M.R.,University of Georgia | Gragson T.L.,University of Georgia | Gragson T.L.,University of Toulouse Jean Jaures
Human Ecology | Year: 2016

This paper examines local processes of agricultural abandonment, socioeconomic changes, and associated landscape transition in a Pyrenean mountain village. We analyze the effects of socioeconomic and demographic factors contributing to changes in parcel level land use and ownership from 1830 to 1958. We use an event-history analysis to examine how individual etxe (Basque households) influenced the pace and character of landscape transition through their internal composition and their mediation of market pressures. Contrary to conventional narratives of agricultural transitions, our analysis suggests that more rapid “abandonment” of the landscape was prevented by etxe that were able to both engage in markets and maintain higher fertility rates. We conclude that the capacity of agropastoral landscapes to absorb broad-scale change is directly tied to local institutions, such as the etxe, which ultimately mediate socioeconomic drivers of change. © 2016 Springer Science+Business Media New York Source

Touze O.,University of Liege | Flas D.,University of Toulouse Jean Jaures | Pesesse D.,University of Rennes 2 - Upper Brittany
Quaternary International | Year: 2016

Located at the interface between the Paris and the Rhine Basins and the more northern territories of Europe, Belgium contains several Gravettian occupations, both open-air and in caves. The available documentation is unfortunately limited by the earliness of the excavations conducted at most sites. Stratified records in karstic context, primarily excavated in the 19th century, are particularly affected by this situation. The analysis of Gravettian lithic technological behaviours can, however, rely on two open air sites excavated in the late 20th century which provide more rigorous data: Maisières-Canal and Station de l'Hermitage. These two sites have been the focus of comparisons that highlight their similarities, both in terms of the lithic industry and location. In fact, the former stands out for the presence of tanged tools, a typological marker which is usually associated with the Early Gravettian of Western Europe. In this article, we present a new study that evidences the differences in the lithic technical systems represented at these sites. After a presentation of the most recent data, we consider the causes that may be responsible for such diversity, highlighting the possible role of the chronological factor, but also of the existence of an original technical tradition in north-western Europe during the appearance and development of the Gravettian. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd and INQUA. Source

Ledger P.M.,University Blaise Pascal | Ledger P.M.,French National Center for Scientific Research | Ledger P.M.,University of Aberdeen | Miras Y.,French National Center for Scientific Research | And 3 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2015

Early human societies and their interactions with the natural world have been extensively explored in palaeoenvironmental studies across Central and Western Europe. Yet, despite an extensive body of scholarship, there is little consideration of the environmental impacts of proto-historic urbanisation. Typically palaeoenvironmental studies of Bronze and Iron Age societies discuss human impact in terms of woodland clearance, landscape openness and evidence for agriculture. Although these features are clearly key indicators of human settlement, and characterise Neolithic and early to Middle Bronze Age impacts at Corent, they do not appear to represent defining features of a protohistoric urban environment. The Late Iron Age Gallic Oppidum of Corent is remarkable for the paucity of evidence for agriculture and strong representation of apophytes associated with disturbance. Increased floristic diversity - a phenomenon also observed in more recent urban environments - was also noted. The same, although somewhat more pronounced, patterns are noted for the Late Bronze Age and hint at the possibility of a nascent urban area. High percentages of pollen from non-native trees such as Platanus, Castanea and Juglans in the late Bronze Age and Gallic period also suggest trade and cultural exchange, notably with the Mediterranean world. Indeed, these findings question the validity of applying Castanea and Juglans as absolute chronological markers of Romanisation. These results clearly indicate the value of local-scale palaeoecological studies and their potential for tracing the phases in the emergence of a proto-historic urban environment. © 2015 Ledger et al. Source

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