University Of Toulouse Jean Jaures

Toulouse, France

University Of Toulouse Jean Jaures

Toulouse, France
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Amade-Escot C.,University of Toulouse Jean Jaures | Bennour N.,Manouba University
European Physical Education Review | Year: 2017

This paper relates to students’ productive disciplinary engagement (PDE) within the teaching of gymnastics in Tunisia. Students’ engagement is investigated from the pragmatist and social-interactionist perspective of the didactic joint action framework in conjunction with productive disciplinary engagement. Data were collected through ethnographic observations using video recordings and teacher interviews during a 12th grade gymnastics unit conducted by a female teacher in a senior high school. Analyses of students’ actions were carried out during significant episodes when they worked without the direct presence of the teacher. The study draws attention to how breaches of the didactic contract initiated by students promote knowledge content development and how students contribute to the situated didactic process. The analyses of students’ contrasted cases (two high-skilled, two low-skilled students) highlight how students actively participate in shaping their learning. The discussion points out some generic patterns that keep students engaged in a PDE. The paper is concluded with a consideration of the utility of the two theoretical frameworks for understanding student learning in physical education lessons. © 2016, © The Author(s) 2016.

Lamarque M.,Docteure en Psychologie | Troupel O.,Maitre de Conferences en Psychologie du Developpement | Gaudron C.Z.,University Of Toulouse Jean Jaures
Devenir | Year: 2017

The aim of this article is to understand how twinning, gender and temperament have an influence about mother's and father's educational practices when their twin children are 3 to 5 years old (n = 132). By a quantitative approach, parents have participated through three questionnaires. The main results show that temperament is more explanatory than twining or gender about educational practices of the two parents.

Lorch R.F.,University of Kentucky | Chen H.-T.,University of Kentucky | Jawahir A.A.,University of Kentucky | Lemarie J.,University Of Toulouse Jean Jaures
Ergonomics | Year: 2016

Two experiments compared three methods of translating printed headings into an auditory format. In both experiments, college students listened to a text with instructions to stop the recording whenever they heard a heading and type the hierarchical level and exact wording of the heading. Listeners were poor at identifying headings and their levels if the headings were not distinguished from the rest of the text. However, listeners were very good at identifying headings if any method of signalling was used to distinguish headings and communicate their hierarchical level. The methods included: (1) tones preceding headings, (2) changes of speaker to indicate headings or (3) verbal labels preceding headings. Although all three signalling methods improved identification of a heading’s hierarchical level, the labelling method was the most effective means of communicating hierarchical level. Thus, the study identifies a simple method of effectively communicating headings in spoken text. Practitioner Summary: The study attempted to identify effective ways of communicating heading information in spoken text. College students listened to texts in order to detect headings and record their wording and hierarchical level. Performance was excellent when headings were preceded by verbal phrases that signalled the upcoming headings and their levels. © 2015 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

Paegelow M.,University Of Toulouse Jean Jaures
GISTAM 2017 - Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Geographical Information Systems Theory, Applications and Management | Year: 2017

Popular modeling tools for land change simulation, especially those using Markov chains, undertake model training based only on two land use / cover (LUC) maps. This paper analyses uncertainty and potential errors caused by taking into account only two former, model known, LUC maps. This is illustrated by a simple data set of six LUC maps allowing various Markovian transition matrices; a range even larger by considering different confidence levels. Results underline the randomness in choice of only two training dates. Authors propose alternative methods to Markov chains integrating all available LUC maps in order to simulate forecasting scenarios. To do so, they incorporate all possible LUCC (land use / cover change) budgets to perform simple arithmetic combinations between the six training dates. Comparing Markov chain transitions based on two training dates and alternatively performed change rates taking into account all training dates results to important differences. This study underlines the importance of the choice of training dates during model calibration for path-dependent simulations. © 2017 by SCITEPRESS - Science and Technology Publications, Lda. All rights reserved.

Cochet H.,University of Toulouse Jean Jaures
Neuropsychologia | Year: 2016

The objective of this review is to obtain a better understanding of the relationship between manual asymmetries and hemispheric specialization by focusing on the development of hand preference and cerebral lateralization of language. We first sought to describe the development of manual asymmetries for different activities (i.e., grasping and manipulating objects vs. communicating through gestures), and the development of cerebral asymmetries, before examining available data on the association between hand preference and HS for language. We also analyzed behavioral studies on the relation between hand preference and language development, as well as more specific studies on the relation between the cerebral control of gestures and language. Finally, we aimed at providing a wider view on functional asymmetries by emphasizing the need to study hemispheric specialization for functions other than language, and in particular for visual attention. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd

Sauret M.-J.,University Of Toulouse Jean Jaures | Zapata C.,LCPI
Cliniques Mediterraneennes | Year: 2016

This article seek to show how science, politics and psychoanalysis, as discourses, are knotted together; it does so by describing the principal moments of a process that could account for the logic at work in today's world. It shows how the discourse of analysis emerges "in the real" precisely in response to those aspects of subjectivization that are rejected by the discourses of science and capitalism, while simultaneously making them available to these discourses. The author opens up the question of what future psychoanalysis may have, a future that, in our neoliberal context, will depend on its ability to dissociate the object, cause of desire, from the object of the market, or, in other terms, surplus jouissance from surplus value. This with the aim of restoring or maintaining the function of the cause of desire and returning to the subject responsibility for its position.

If jazz and psychoanalysis are undoubtedly the major cultural events of the aesthetic and epistemic twentieth century, it would appear that some more subtle homologies and rapports between them exist. A special relationship with the knowledge, the truth and the act which can be find in their practices of improvisation for one and, for the other, of interpretation. In addition, more than other disciplines or styles in their fields, they seem promote a "discourse", a form of "social bond" based on the language: assumption that this article seeks to demonstrate.

Touze O.,University of Liège | Flas D.,University of Toulouse Jean Jaures | Pesesse D.,University of Rennes 2 – Upper Brittany
Quaternary International | Year: 2016

Located at the interface between the Paris and the Rhine Basins and the more northern territories of Europe, Belgium contains several Gravettian occupations, both open-air and in caves. The available documentation is unfortunately limited by the earliness of the excavations conducted at most sites. Stratified records in karstic context, primarily excavated in the 19th century, are particularly affected by this situation. The analysis of Gravettian lithic technological behaviours can, however, rely on two open air sites excavated in the late 20th century which provide more rigorous data: Maisières-Canal and Station de l'Hermitage. These two sites have been the focus of comparisons that highlight their similarities, both in terms of the lithic industry and location. In fact, the former stands out for the presence of tanged tools, a typological marker which is usually associated with the Early Gravettian of Western Europe. In this article, we present a new study that evidences the differences in the lithic technical systems represented at these sites. After a presentation of the most recent data, we consider the causes that may be responsible for such diversity, highlighting the possible role of the chronological factor, but also of the existence of an original technical tradition in north-western Europe during the appearance and development of the Gravettian. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd and INQUA.

Tourism is usually defined as an activity that allows individuals (tourists) to visit spaces outside their usual environment. In a globalized context, however, the meaning of close and far, of known and unknown, has been distorted. This phenomenon has been identified as an opportunity by a segment of the tourism sector, resulting in tourism proposals specifically aimed at the inhabitants of the visited destination. This paper focuses on Barcelona, an international tourist destination where residents have become potential tourists. By analysing the offering of guided cultural visits mainly for the local public and the geographical and perceived origin of these participants, this paper aims to enhance knowledge about the “unknown but close” attractions which are or can be developed through tourism. © 2015, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona. All rights reserved.

Touzet L.,University Of Toulouse Jean Jaures | Corbeil P.,editions fpc
Simulation and Gaming | Year: 2015

Aim. This article presents the pioneering work of Vital Roux, a French businessman and author who proposed, in the 1800s, a teaching method to train business people which closely resembles the experiential method central to today’s business games. Background. This presentation indirectly discusses the fundamental issue of business games’ success as an educational innovation. We recall briefly that the roots of business games are distant, multiple, and far-ranging. Method. The pedagogy advocated by Vital Roux is revealed and innovative aspects of his educational system are noted and discussed. Roux’s obscurity is underlined, and a plausible explanation for the relative failure of his project is proposed. A social and historical hypothesis is then suggested to explain the success which business games have won in the United States a century and a half later. Conclusion. Roux’s key thoughts are summarized, suggesting he can appear as a forgotten forerunner of modern business games. © 2015, © 2015 SAGE Publications.

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