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Toulouse, France

Université Toulouse II or University of Toulouse II is one of 3 universities in Toulouse, France.The campus, situated in Toulouse's grand architectural project of the 1960s, Le Mirail, was conceived and built by the team of architects Candilis, Josic, Woods.Mirail University was hastily conceived as a result of the saturation of the original buildings in the city centre and of course the events of May 1968. At that time it was decided to divide the University of Toulouse into three: The law faculty became Université Toulouse I, occupying all the old university buildings, the humanities faculty became Université de Toulouse II – Le Mirail, named after its new location, and the departments of science and medicine became Université Paul Sabatier . In 1969, a fourth university in Toulouse was created, Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse, a school of engineering.After the opening of many extensions in order to free up the university in the city centre, the campus in Le Mirail opened its doors one section at a time starting in 1971, and completed the transfer by 1973. Planned for 11,000 students, the university today is a victim of its own success, with a student population of roughly 27,500.As the humanities university of Toulouse, it is organised into many pedagogical components: UFRs and university institutes. It is also host to a number of student groups and associations, including the theater troupe Les Soeurs Fatales and the irreverent student-run newspaper The Mariner. Wikipedia.

Aeolian erosion has been reported in the area between the lower Rhône and Roussillon. Its importance however is still largely under evaluated. Comprehensive studies of hollow features in the landscape (pools of Pujaut, Istres, Capestang) have so far not been undertaken before Ambert (1988). The relationships between these and the deposits that formed at the same time (sand dunes, loess) allow us to determine specific stages of morphogenesis (marine isotopic stages 4 and 2). Classic forms are ovoid or linear enclosed depressions, elongated in the wind direction. Their impact on marine and continental landscapes and river flow modifications is known (Ambert, 1994). Moreover, in both "étang de Berre" and Narbonne area, the coalescence of several depressions allowed for an uncommon inland penetration during Eutyrrhenian transgression. Source

Contemporary food is broadly industrialised, whereas many critics target industrial food. In this context characterised by a series of critical episodes, supply actors have developed responses through the selling points they use and the ways of producing that are related to these ones. This paper aims at analyzing the construction of these two levels - the critique on the one hand, the justification on the other hand - and their social articulation. In a situation marked by a weakened trust, this social articulation highlights the co-construction of the market and stresses the importance of the industrial suppliers' culinary role. © 2013 Société francaise de nutrition. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved. Source

Peyroux E.,University of Toulouse II - Le Mirail
European Urban and Regional Studies | Year: 2012

This article considers the transfer of the Business Improvement District model to South Africa from a discursive perspective. It examines the ways in which the private sector (property and business owners) has justified the adoption of the model and how it has moulded the concept to Johannesburg's inner city. Drawing on critical discourse analysis, this article focuses on legitimation strategies, locating them within broader social practices and power relations within the framework of urban revitalization policies implemented after the democratic transition. By focusing on legitimation strategies, and more particularly on their linguistic and semiotic aspects at the micro level, the article shows how the analysis of language use, particularly through a socio-cognitive approach (Van Dijk, 2009), can contribute to uncovering the opinions, attitudes, ideologies, norms and values of social actors. It can also offer insights into a local reinterpretation of a globally circulating model. The comparative analysis of two case studies highlights changing assumptions and attitudes, at least in local rhetoric, and demonstrates how the imported model has been reshaped not only by different discourses associated with various social practices but also by changing policy demands. By considering discourse as an instrument of the social construction of reality as well as an instrument of power and control, the chosen approach also underlines the way in which inequalities are reproduced and maintained in Johannesburg. © The Author(s) 2012. Source

Miquel P.-A.,University of Toulouse II - Le Mirail
Interdisciplinary Topics in Gerontology | Year: 2014

Aging is a normative biological process, and not simply a physical one. It is not accurate to define it by the fact that life has an entropic cost, and to characterize it as a pure imbalance between exergonic and endergonic reaction in metabolism (the free radical theory of aging) or finally as an imbalance between the excessive formation of reactive oxygen species and limited antioxidant defenses. In connective tissues, aging is alteration. And alteration is more than destruction or degradation. It deals with self-destruction and with the so-called molecular vicious circles of aging. In worms, in yeast, and in other organisms, aging is also opposed to longevity that counteracts this self-destruction process, as if longevity was something like a developmental constraint (delay) opposed to an evolutionary one (alteration). © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel. Source

Sebastien L.,University of Toulouse II - Le Mirail | Bauler T.,Roosevelt University
Ecological Indicators | Year: 2013

Considering the on-going strive towards new, alternative indicators to measure our societal development pathways, and the fact that policy indicators remain largely enigmatic with regard to their patterns of embeddedness in institutional decision-making processes, it appears necessary to work towards reducing our lack of understanding of their interactions with policy-making. In the present paper, we focus on exploring the significance of composite indicators for policy making in the particular policy environment of the EU-institutions. Our research is underpinned by the conviction that such indicators are not systematically used directly, but have an indirect influence on policy making that needs to be better understood. Our analytical framework - in order to analyse the ways in which composite indicators enter policy processes - is characterised by the distinction between the 'use' and the 'influence' of indicators on the one hand, and on the other hand between 3 types of factors: indicator factors, policy factors and user factors. Our empirical results show that while most of the academic attention and political debate around indicators has tended to focus on 'indicator factors', such quality attributes actually mattered relatively little in our setting as determinants of indicator influence. This rejects the idea that the robustness of evidence would lie exclusively in its technical quality and in the independence of its producer, and instead calls attention to the processes of evidence-construction. Simultaneously, 'user factors' (beliefs and representations of policy actors) and 'policy factors' (institutional context) were crucial as explanatory factors of the policy mechanics we identified. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

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