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St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago

The University of the West Indies is a public university system serving 18 English-speaking countries and territories in the Caribbean: Jamaica, Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, the British Virgin Islands, the Cayman Islands, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Montserrat, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, and Turks and Caicos. Each of these countries is either a member of the Commonwealth of Nations or a British Overseas Territory. The aim of the university is to help "unlock the potential for economic and cultural growth" in the West Indies, thus allowing for improved regional autonomy. The University was originally instituted as an independent external college of the University of London.Since the University's inception, students and faculty have been recognized in fields ranging from the arts and science, to business, politics, and sports. Notable alumni and faculty include three U.W.I. Nobel Laureates, sixty-one Rhodes Scholars, 18 current or former Caribbean Heads of Government, and an Olympic medalist. The university's cricket team previously participated in West Indian domestic cricket, but now participates as part of a Combined Campuses and Colleges team.This university consists of three physical campuses at Mona in Jamaica, St. Augustine in Trinidad and Tobago, Cave Hill in Barbados and the Open Campus. There are satellite campuses in Mount Hope, Trinidad and Tobago and Montego Bay, Jamaica, and a Centre for Hotel and Tourism Management in Nassau, Bahamas. The other contributing countries are served by the Open Campus which has a physical presence and Heads of Sites in each of the 18 countries. Wikipedia.


Baker-Henningham H.,Bangor University | Baker-Henningham H.,University of the West Indies
International Journal of Epidemiology | Year: 2014

Background: There is growing evidence that early childhood education (ECE) interventions can reduce the loss of developmental potential of disadvantaged children in low- and middle-income countries (LAMIC). Less attention has been paid to the potential of these programmes to prevent child mental health problems and promote child well-being. Methods: Peer-reviewed journal articles describing controlled evaluations of ECE interventions in LAMIC were reviewed to identify studies with child mental health outcomes. Studies with proximal outcomes for child mental health including caregiver practices and caregiver mental health were also reviewed. Results: Of 63 studies identified, 21 (33.33%) included child mental health outcomes; 12 of 16 studies with short-term measures showed benefits; 6 studies included a longer-term follow-up and all found benefits; 25 studies included caregiver outcomes: consistent benefits were found for caregiver practices (21 studies) and 6 of 9 studies that measured caregiver mental health reported benefits. Gains to child mental health may be most likely when ECE interventions include three main elements: (i) activities to increase child skills including cognition, language, self-regulation and social-emotional competence; (ii) training caregivers in the skills required to provide a cognitively stimulating and emotionally supportive environment; and (iii) attention to the caregivers' mental health, motivation and self-efficacy. Recommendations for the design and implementation of programmes are provided. Conclusion: ECE interventions are an important component of mental health prevention and promotion in LAMIC, and promoting child and caregiver well-being is a fundamental aspect of interventions to improve child development. © The Author 2013; all rights reserved. Source


Ashworth A.,University of the West Indies
British Journal of Nutrition | Year: 2011

1. Ten severely malnourished children were studied. 2. During recovery the mean energy intake was 916 kJ (219 kcal)/kg per d when the children were fed ad lib. on a high-energy milk preparation. 3. When a lower-energy milk preparation was given ad lib. the children voluntarily increased the volume consumed but the mean energy intake fell to 703 kJ (168 kcal)/kg per d. 4. After recovery the children no longer consumed an increased volume when the lower-energy milk preparation was offered. 5. The results provide further evidence of the importance of feeding with a high-energy preparation for the treatment of malnutrition, and demonstrate that additional benefits can be obtained by offering such mixtures ad lib. © 1974, The Nutrition Society. All rights reserved. Source


Background: Historically, Aedes aegypti (L.) mosquitoes were controlled/eradicated by fumigation, residual spraying and the elimination of breeding sites. However, the underlying mechanisms of how these vector populations were managed have never been evaluated. Most studies report that these programs failed due to the emergence of DDT resistance in the 1950s and early 1960s. Therefore, behavioural and physiological factors have never been examined to determine program success or failure. Methods. A ten- week study collecting resting and flying mosquitoes from every room in houses using small hand nets and Propokock aspirators in St. Augustine, Trinidad, West Indies was conducted during the rainy season months of October to December 2010. During this period a laboratory study was also conducted to determine how soon after egg laying individual females took a blood-meal. Results: The field study showed the major resting sites of Ae. aegypti were bed rooms (81.9%), living rooms (8.7%) and kitchen (6.9%). The laboratory study showed only 10% of females accepted a blood meal immediately after oviposition but the majority, 70% accepted a blood meal 12 hours post oviposition. Conclusions: The results provide evidence for the efficacy of indoor residual spraying (IRS) and recommend its re-introduction by targeting the major resting sites of these mosquitoes, especially during dengue fever outbreaks. © 2013 Chadee; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source


Rampersad S.N.,University of the West Indies
Sensors (Switzerland) | Year: 2012

Accurate prediction of the adverse effects of test compounds on living systems, detection of toxic thresholds, and expansion of experimental data sets to include multiple toxicity end-point analysis are required for any robust screening regime. Alamar Blue is an important redox indicator that is used to evaluate metabolic function and cellular health. The Alamar Blue bioassay has been utilized over the past 50 years to assess cell viability and cytotoxicity in a range of biological and environmental systems and in a number of cell types including bacteria, yeast, fungi, protozoa and cultured mammalian and piscine cells. It offers several advantages over other metabolic indicators and other cytotoxicity assays. However, as with any bioassay, suitability must be determined for each application and cell model. This review seeks to highlight many of the important considerations involved in assay use and design in addition to the potential pitfalls. © 2012 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Source


Aminov R.I.,University of the West Indies
Frontiers in Microbiology | Year: 2013

Biological functions of antibiotics are not limited to killing. The most likely function of antibiotics in natural signaling. Does this signaling function of antibiotics also extend to the eukaryotic-in particular mammalian the host modulating properties of three classes of an effective in treatment of a broad spectrum of diseases and pathological condtibiotics (macrolides, tetracyclines, and β-lactams) will Antibiotics can beitions other etiology and, in this capacity, may find widespread applications beyond the intended antimicrobial use. This compromise the primary function antibiotics are used for. The biological background for this inter discussed. © 2013 Aminov. Source

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