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Philadelphia, PA, United States

The University of the science , officially known as the University of the science in Philadelphia, is a university in the Spruce Hill neighborhood of Philadelphia. Uscience offers bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees in pharmacy and a variety of other health-related disciplines. Wikipedia.

Jaiswal V.,University of the Sciences in Philadelphia
Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge | Year: 2010

Jaintia tribal community, the original inhabitants of Jaintia Hills district of Meghalaya have a fascinating culture and tradition based on a close relationship with the nature. Plants and plant products play an important role in Jaintia life and thus are an integral part of Jaintia culture. An effort has been made to shed light on the knowledge of Jaintia people about various plant species that grow in the region and the way these plant species are used as edible plants, indicators of agricultural seasons and in the treatment of some common ailments. Jaintia people have been conserving the biodiversity of the region for ages by maintaining the sacred groves. Source

Thielman G.,University of the Sciences in Philadelphia
Journal of Hand Therapy | Year: 2013

Study design: Randomized clinical trial. Introduction: Long-term follow-up of training investigations involving post-stroke individuals can lead to advancing clinical decisions. Extended task-related training (TRT) effects on reaching with the impaired upper limb were evaluated, using a pre-test/posttest/follow-up design. Purpose: One-year follow-up examinations analyzed whether improved shoulder and elbow motion were maintained following prolonged practice of the upper limb. Methods: Long-term kinematic analysis on 21 moderately impaired post-stroke participants (upper extremity Fugl-Meyer between 19 and 40/66), as well as results from standardized outcome measures performed on these patients and another 16 post-stroke participants. Results: Significant initial changes were maintained for kinematic shoulder and elbow motion, as well as functional measures. Compensatory reaching involving the trunk has been shown to be maintainable, but ultimately less efficient. Conclusions: Training that involves a conscious decision to control the trunk led to the most improved functional performance, and may lead to ideal restorative strategies. Level of evidence: 2B. © 2013 Hanley & Belfus, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Source

Stefanacci R.G.,University of the Sciences in Philadelphia
The American journal of managed care | Year: 2011

Every 69 seconds, a person in the United States develops Alzheimer's disease (AD). By 2050, this rate is expected to double. Total direct costs of AD and dementia (AD/D) are estimated at $183 billion, and are expected to increase to $1.1 trillion by 2050. In 2010, unpaid care was valued at an estimated $202 billion. Caregivers of patients with AD are usually family members, and provide up to 70 hours of care per week. By delaying institutionalization of an AD patient, a savings of $2029 per month in direct healthcare costs could be realized; therefore, caregiver support is a significant factor in controlling costs. It is important for those with AD/D to have prescription plans that optimize access to AD/D therapies. Among older adults who previously did not have prescription coverage, 80% are now enrolled in Medicare Part D. Three preferred AD/D agents (donepezil, extended release galantamine hydrochloride, and memantine hydrochloride) have been identified by an expert panel. It is important, given the clinical course of AD, especially with progression to moderate-to-severe disease, that physicians continue to have access to preferred medications as demonstrated through evidence-based clinical evaluations. Many Medicare Part D beneficiaries are subject to a gap in prescription coverage known as the "donut hole," including 64% of patients with AD. Because of the increased out-of-pocket expenditures associated with this coverage gap, some patients stop taking their medication completely or reduce medication use. It is critical to avoid lapses in maintenance therapy, as functional and cognitive abilities cannot be regained. Numerous clinical trials have demonstrated the pharmacoeconomic benefits of appropriate and preferred AD therapies; greater therapeutic availability may lead to better adherence and therefore improved outcomes. Source

Klaiman T.,University of the Sciences in Philadelphia
Journal of Public Health Management and Practice | Year: 2016

OBJECTIVES:: The purpose of this study was to identify unique practices underway in communities that have been empirically identified as having achieved exceptional maternal and child health (MCH) outcomes compared with their peers. METHODS:: We used a qualitative, positive deviance approach to identify practices implemented by local health department (LHD) jurisdictions in Florida, Washington, and New York that achieved better MCH outcomes than expected compared with their in-state peer jurisdictions. We identified a total of 50 LHDs in jurisdictions that had better than expected MCH outcomes compared with their peers, and we conducted 39 hour-long semistructured interviews with LHD staff. We conducted inductive thematic analysis to identify key themes and subthemes across all LHD cases in the sample. RESULTS:: Partnerships with providers, partnerships for data collection/assessment, and partnerships with community-based organizations were associated with exceptional MCH outcomes based on our interviews. CONCLUSIONS FOR PRACTICE:: This study offers specific examples of practices LHDs can implement to improve MCH outcomes, even with limited resources, based on the practices of high-performing local health jurisdictions. Copyright © 2016 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved. Source

Thielman G.,University of the Sciences in Philadelphia
Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy | Year: 2010

Background and Purpose: For individuals poststroke, reaching with the paretic limb is often associated with compensatory trunk movement due to limited active arm movement. We conducted a pilot feasibility study to compare the effects of task-related training on reaching with the paretic limb using each of 2 different techniques for providing feedback about trunk position. We hypothesized that the use of an auditory feedback signal in response to pressure (Sensor group) would be more effective than feedback arising from an external device used to restrain the trunk (Stabilizer group). Methods: Sixteen individuals with chronic stroke were enrolled. Participants had scores of 20 to 44 on the Upper-Arm subsection of the Fugl-Meyer Scale and demonstrated some trunk movement during the pretest assessment of the Reaching Performance Scale (RPS). Participants were randomly assigned to either the Sensor or the Stabilizer group. Both groups participated in 12 structured rehabilitation sessions with equal time duration, number of repetitions, and task-related training activities. Feedback was systematically and equally faded for all training. Clinical outcome measures were assessed prior to and following training. Results: Both forms of feedback were associated with changes in active shoulder motion, Wolf Motor Function Test (WMFT), Fugl-Meyer Scale and RPS (near and far) as determined by a 2 × 2 (Group × Time) analysis of variance. An interaction of RPS-near revealed that the Sensor group improved more than the Stabilizer group for this measure. However, sample size may not have been sufficient to identify differences in other measures. Discussion: Although both forms of feedback led to improvements in the majority of outcome measures, the auditory feedback signal was associated with greater improvement in RPS-near scores. Conclusion: In the rehabilitation of reaching function in individuals with stroke, the use of an auditory signaling device appears to be a feasible alternative to imposed trunk stabilization. Additional studies with larger sample sizes are needed to determine whether one approach is superior to the other. Copyright © 2010 Neurology Section, APTA. Source

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