Alamosa East, CO, United States
Alamosa East, CO, United States

University of the Rockies is a for-profit graduate school located in Colorado Springs, Colorado. As of February 2013, the university offers three different Master of Arts degrees: Master of Arts in Human Services, Master of Arts in Organizational Development and Leadership, and Master of Arts in Psychology. At the doctorate level, the university offers a PsyD in Psychology and a PhD in Organizational Development and Leadership.The university's programs, which are offered on campus in Colorado Springs and online, are organized into two schools: The School of Professional Psychology and the School of Organizational Leadership .Within the degree programs, students may enhance their studies by selecting a specialization. The Master of Arts in Psychology includes nineteen specializations. The Doctor of Psychology program has ten available specializations. Online students who pursue the Master of Arts in Organizational Development and Leadership or the PhD in Organizational Development and Leadership may choose from six available specializations.Students who wish to pursue licensure as clinical psychologists enroll in the PsyD, Clinical Specialization, which is only available on campus. The PsyD, Clinical Specialization degree can be tailored by one of five concentrations .UoR also offers four graduate-level certificate programs : Business Psychology, Criminology and Justice Studies, General Psychology, and Organizational Leadership.The university’s parent organization, Bridgepoint Education, Inc., is a for-profit higher education company based in San Diego, California. University of the Rockies is regionally accredited by The Higher Learning Commission and is a member of the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools. Initial accreditation was granted by The Higher Learning Commission in 2003. The Higher Learning Commission accredits degree-granting post-secondary educational institutions in the North Central Region of the United States. The university has also been granted Category I status as a degree-granting institution by the Colorado Commission on Higher Education . University of the Rockies is an associate member of the National Council of Schools and Programs of Professional Psychology. Finally, University of the Rockies has been approved to offer continuing education credits through the American Psychological Association . Wikipedia.

Time filter

Source Type

In San Diego, Calif., employees from Bridgepoint Education and Ashford University headed to Fiesta Island Youth Camp to help with enhancing the Youth Camp sign, trail creation, plant removal, and mulching. In Ashford's Clinton, Iowa location, the Heroes Day focus was helping to restore and clean up the Associate Benevolent Society, a non-profit organization that provides food, baby supplies, and clothing to low income and homeless families in Clinton County. Meanwhile, more than 40 representatives and their families from Bridgepoint's Denver, Colo. location volunteered at Valverde Elementary School, enhancing the school's campus and updating projects around the grounds. Heroes Day was also celebrated by Ashford's students. Students from across the country were invited to participate by volunteering in their own communities as part of Ashford's S.T.A.R. (Sharing Time and Resources) volunteer program. In San Diego, Ashford students and their families volunteered alongside Bridgepoint and Ashford employees at Fiesta Island Youth Camp. To view photos from Bridgepoint's Spring 2017 Heroes Day event, visit To view Bridgepoint's Spring 2017 Heroes Day video, visit Bridgepoint Education, Inc. (NYSE: BPI) harnesses the latest technology to reimagine the modern student experience. Bridgepoint owns two academic institutions – Ashford University and University of the Rockies. Together, these programs, technologies, and resources represent a unique model for advancing education in the 21st century. Bridgepoint stands for greater access, social learning, and exposure to leading minds. For more information, visit,, or call Marianne Perez, Media Relations Manager, at 858.668.2586 x11636. Where heritage meets innovation – that's Ashford University. At Ashford, students discover relevant degree programs, innovative technology, and cherished tradition. Ashford offers associates, bachelor's, and master's degree programs online, allowing students to balance life by providing the flexibility to do school work anywhere, anytime. For more information, please visit,,, or call Marianne Perez, Media Relations Manager, at 858.513.9240 x11636. About University of the Rockies University of the Rockies is a leading graduate school of the social and behavioral sciences that offers programs for students seeking their PhD, PsyD, or Master of Arts degree. Based in Denver, Colo., the University provides students with the convenience of an online education. While working toward a degree from anywhere in the country, students enjoy access to industry professionals, research, and publishing opportunities. For more information, please visit,,, or call Marianne Perez, Media Relations Manager, at 866.621.0124 x11636. To view the original version on PR Newswire, visit:

Headley S.,Springfield College | Wood R.,Springfield College | Joubert J.,Springfield College | Milch C.,Springfield College | And 5 more authors.
American Journal of Kidney Diseases | Year: 2014

Background The present study was designed to determine the effect of short-term moderate-intensity exercise training on arterial stiffness in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage 3. Study Design Randomized controlled trial with a parallel-group design. Setting & Participants Testing and training sessions were performed at Springfield College. 46 (treatment group, n = 25; control group, n = 21) patients with CKD with diabetes and/or hypertension completed the study. Intervention The aerobic training program consisted of 16 weeks of supervised exercise training at 50%-60% peak oxygen uptake (Vo2peak) 3 times per week, while the control group remained sedentary. Identical testing procedures were performed following the 16-week intervention. Outcomes The primary outcome was arterial stiffness. Secondary outcomes were aerobic capacity, various blood parameters (endothelin 1, nitrate/nitrite, and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein), and health-related quality of life. Measurements Arterial stiffness was assessed with aortic pulse wave velocity (PWV), aerobic capacity by Vo2peak, blood parameters by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays, and health-related quality of life by the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36). Participants attended 4 sessions before being randomly assigned to either the treatment or control group. Participants gave consent during the first session, whereas a graded exercise test with measurement of Vo2peak was completed during the second session. During sessions 3 and 4, aortic PWV was measured at rest prior to 40 minutes of either moderate-intensity exercise training or seated rest. A venous blood sample was obtained prior to exercise or rest and participants completed the SF-36 questionnaire. Results 16 weeks of training led to an 8.2% increase in Vo2peak for the treatment group (P = 0.05), but no changes in aortic PWV. Limitations Randomization was not concealed and was violated on one occasion; also, use of an indirect measurement of endothelial function and the short duration of the intervention. Conclusions Short-term moderate-intensity exercise training does not alter arterial stiffness in patients with CKD, but seems to reduce endothelin 1 levels. © 2014 by the National Kidney Foundation, Inc.

Richards J.C.,Colorado State University | Crecelius A.R.,Colorado State University | Larson D.G.,University of the Rockies | Dinenno F.A.,Colorado State University
American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology | Year: 2015

Human aging is associated with reduced skeletal muscle perfusion during exercise, which may be a result of impaired endothelium-dependent dilation and/or attenuated ability to blunt sympathetically mediated vasoconstriction. Intra-arterial infusion of ascorbic acid (AA) increases nitric oxide-mediated vasodilation and forearm blood flow (FBF) during handgrip exercise in older adults, yet it remains unknown whether an acute oral dose can similarly improve FBF or enhance the ability to blunt sympathetic vasoconstriction during exercise. We hypothesized that 1) acute oral AA would improve FBF (Doppler ultrasound) and oxygen consumption (VO2) via local vasodilation during graded rhythmic handgrip exercise in older adults (protocol 1), and 2) AA ingestion would not enhance sympatholysis in older adults during handgrip exercise (protocol 2). In protocol 1 (n = 8; 65 ± 3 yr), AA did not influence FBF or VO2 during rest or 5% maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) exercise, but increased FBF (199 ± 13 vs. 248 ± 16 ml/min and 343 ± 24 vs. 403 ± 33 ml/min; P < 0.05) and VO2 (26 ± 2 vs. 34 ± 3 ml/min and 43 ± 4 vs. 50 ± 5 ml/min; P < 0.05) at both 15 and 25% MVC, respectively. The increased FBF was due to elevations in forearm vascular conductance (FVC). In protocol 2 (n = 10; 63 ± 2 yr), following AA, FBF was similarly elevated during 15% MVC (~20%); however, vasoconstriction to reflex increases in sympathetic activity during -40 mmHg lower-body negative pressure at rest (ΔFVC: -16 ± 3 vs. -16 ± 2%) or during 15% MVC (ΔFVC: -12 ± 2 vs. -11 ± 4%) was unchanged. Our collective results indicate that acute oral ingestion of AA improves muscle blood flow and VO2 during exercise in older adults via local vasodilation. © 2015 the American Physiological Society.

Crecelius A.R.,Colorado State University | Richards J.C.,Colorado State University | Luckasen G.J.,University of the Rockies | Larson D.G.,University of the Rockies | Dinenno F.A.,Colorado State University
Circulation Research | Year: 2013

RATIONALE: Reactive hyperemia (RH) in the forearm circulation is an important marker of cardiovascular health, yet the underlying vasodilator signaling pathways are controversial and thus remain unclear. OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that RH occurs via activation of inwardly rectifying potassium (KIR) channels and Na/K-ATPase and is largely independent of the combined production of the endothelial autocoids nitric oxide (NO) and prostaglandins in young healthy humans. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 24 (23±1 years) subjects, we performed RH trials by measuring forearm blood flow (FBF; venous occlusion plethysmography) after 5 minutes of arterial occlusion. In protocol 1, we studied 2 groups of 8 subjects and assessed RH in the following conditions. For group 1, we studied control (saline), KIR channel inhibition (BaCl2), combined inhibition of KIR channels and Na/K-ATPase (BaCl2 and ouabain, respectively), and combined inhibition of KIR channels, Na/K-ATPase, NO, and prostaglandins (BaCl2, ouabain, L-NMMA [N-monomethyl-L-arginine] and ketorolac, respectively). Group 2 received ouabain rather than BaCl2 in the second trial. In protocol 2 (n=8), the following 3 RH trials were performed: control; L-NMMA plus ketorolac; and L-NMMA plus ketorolac plus BaCl2 plus ouabain. All infusions were intra-arterial (brachial). Compared with control, BaCl2 significantly reduced peak FBF (-50±6%; P<0.05), whereas ouabain and L-NMMA plus ketorolac did not. Total FBF (area under the curve) was attenuated by BaCl2 (-61±3%) and ouabain (-44±12%) alone, and this effect was enhanced when combined (-87±4%), nearly abolishing RH. L-NMMA plus ketorolac did not impact total RH FBF before or after administration of BaCl2 plus ouabain. CONCLUSIONS: Activation of KIR channels is the primary determinant of peak RH, whereas activation of both KIR channels and Na/K-ATPase explains nearly all of the total (AUC) RH in humans. © 2013 American Heart Association, Inc.

Crecelius A.R.,Colorado State University | Kirby B.S.,Duke University | Luckasen G.J.,University of the Rockies | Larson D.G.,University of the Rockies | Dinenno F.A.,Colorado State University
American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology | Year: 2013

A monophasic increase in skeletal muscle blood flow is observed after a brief single forearm contraction in humans, yet the underlying vascular signaling pathways remain largely undetermined. Evidence from experimental animals indicates an obligatory role of vasodilation via K+-mediated smooth muscle hyperpolarization, and human data suggest little to no independent role for nitric oxide (NO) or vasodilating prostaglandins (PGs). We tested the hypothesis that K+-mediated vascular hyperpolarization underlies the rapid vasodilation in humans and that combined inhibition of NO and PGs would have a minimal effect on this response. We measured forearm blood flow (Doppler ultrasound) and calculated vascular conductance 10 s before and for 30 s after a single 1-s dynamic forearm contraction at 10%, 20%, and 40% maximum voluntary contraction in 16 young adults. To inhibit K+-mediated vasodilation, BaCl2 and ouabain were infused intra-arterially to inhibit inwardly rectifying K+ channels and Na+-K+-ATPase, respectively. Combined enzymatic inhibition of NO and PG synthesis occurred via NG-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA; NO synthase) and ketorolac (cyclooxygenase), respectively. In protocol 1 (n = 8), BaCl2 + ouabain reduced peak vasodilation (range: 30-45%, P < 0.05) and total postcontraction vasodilation (area under the curve, ~55-75% from control) at all intensities. Contrary to our hypothesis, L-NMMA + ketorolac had: ~60% and area under the curve: ~80% from control). In protocol 2 (n = 8), the order of inhibitors was reversed, and the findings were remarkably similar. We conclude that K+-mediated hyperpolarization and NO and PGs, in combination, significantly contribute to contraction-induced rapid vasodilation and that inhibition of these signaling pathways nearly abolishes this phenomenon in humans. © 2013 the American Physiological Society.

Crecelius A.R.,Colorado State University | Luckasen G.J.,University of the Rockies | Larson D.G.,University of the Rockies | Dinenno F.A.,Colorado State University
American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology | Year: 2014

We tested the hypothesis that activation of inwardly rectifying potassium (KIR) channels and Na+-K+-ATPase, two pathways that lead to hyperpolarization of vascular cells, contributes to both the onset and steady-state hyperemic response to exercise. We also determined whether after inhibiting these pathways nitric oxide (NO) and prostaglandins (PGs) are involved in the hyperemic response. Forearm blood flow (FBF; Doppler ultrasound) was determined during rhythmic handgrip exercise at 10% maximal voluntary contraction for 5 min in the following conditions: control [saline; trial 1 (T1)]; with combined inhibition of KIR channels and Na+-K+-ATPase alone [via barium chloride (BaCl2) and ouabain, respectively; trial 2 (T2)]; and with additional combined nitric oxide synthase (NG-monomethyl-L-arginine) and cyclooxygenase inhibition [ketorolac; trial 3 (T3)]. In T2, the total hyperemic responses were attenuated ~50% from control (P < 0.05) at exercise onset, and there was minimal further effect in T3 (protocol 1; n = 11). In protocol 2(n = 8), steady-state FBF was significantly reduced during T2 vs. T1 (133 ± 15 vs. 167 ± 17 ml/min; Δ from control: -20 ± 3%; P < 0.05) and further reduced during T3 (120 ± 15 ml/min; -29 ± 3%; P < 0.05 vs. T2). In protocol 3 (n = 8), BaCl2 alone reduced FBF during onset (~50%) and steady-state exercise (~30%) as observed in protocols 1 and 2, respectively, and addition of ouabain had no further impact. Our data implicate activation of KIR channels as a novel contributing pathway to exercise hyperemia in humans. © 2014 the American Physiological Society.

Ricciardiello L.,University of Bologna | Ahnen D.J.,University of the Rockies | Lynch P.M.,University of Houston
Nature Reviews Gastroenterology and Hepatology | Year: 2016

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is potentially preventable. Chemoprevention, a focus of research for the past three decades, aims to prevent or delay the onset of cancer through the regression or prevention of colonic adenomas. Ideal pharmacological agents for chemoprevention should be cheap and nontoxic. Although data indicate that aspirin can reduce the risk of CRC in the general population, the highest return from chemopreventive strategies would be expected in patients with the highest risk of developing the disease, particularly those with a defined hereditary predisposition. Despite compelling data showing that a large number of chemopreventive agents show promise in preclinical CRC models, clinical studies have yielded conflicting results. This Review provides a historical and methodological perspective of chemoprevention in familial adenomatous polyposis and Lynch syndrome, and summarizes the current status of CRC chemoprevention in humans. Our goal is to critically focus on important issues of trial design, with particular attention on the choice of appropriate trial end points, how such end points should be measured, and which patients are the ideal candidates to be included in a chemopreventive trial. © 2016 Macmillan Publishers Limited.All rights reserved.

Wickramasekera I.E.,University of the Rockies
American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis | Year: 2015

This article reviews a growing body of research and theory in hypnosis and neuroscience that supports the empathic involvement theory (EIT) of hypnosis (Wickramasekera II, 2001; Wickramasekera II & Szlyk, 2003; Wickramasekera II, 2007c). The EIT is a unified transpersonal theory of hypnosis and the self, which weaves together empathic elements of Dzogchen, neodissociative, neuroscience, psychoanalytic, sociocognitive, and other theories by proposing that hypnotic phenomena are inherently characterized by their deep involvement with processes of empathy and the self. The EIT proposes that the experience of hypnosis is embodied in a system of neural networks in the brain that utilizes empathy-related processes, adaptive resonance between perceptual input and top-down expectancies, and connectionist learning algorithms to (a) empathically enact the affect, cognition, body language, response expectancies, social roles, sensations, etc. that are presented to them during hypnosis in accordance with socio-cognitive theories of hypnosis; (b) engage in a convergent psychophysiological relationship with another person in accordance with psychoanalytic, Ericksonian, and polyvagal/social engagement system theories; (c) alter the empathic self/other (theory of mind) coding of phenomenological experiences during hypnosis in accordance with aspects of the neo-dissociative and socio-cognitive traditions; and (d) develop an experiential understanding of the illusion of self that may lead, in some people, to its transcendence in accordance with Bon-Buddhist, Dzogchen, and transpersonal scholars. A unified definition of hypnosis is proposed based on findings in the empathic neuroscience of hypnosis as well as a working model of the neuromatrix of the self. © American Society of Clinical Hypnosis.

Ladue L.,University of the Rockies
Southern Medical Journal | Year: 2011

Since the implementation of managed care, clinicians have struggled with ways to provide optimal treatment in a cost-effective manner. With the rising cost of medications, generic substitutes appear to be an answer. Some medications have proven to be less effective in generic form. Consumers may be wary of generics. However, when financially motivated, many people choose generic over brand-name products. With the hope of finding effective medications with fewer side effects, drug companies continue to spend money to find the best solutions. Research in medication efficacy is costly, which is handed over to the consumer. Benefits and efficacy of generics will be discussed. Copyright © 2011 by The Southern Medical Association.

News Article | December 1, 2016

DENVER, Dec. 1, 2016 /PRNewswire/ -- University of the Rockies, a leading graduate school focused on the social and behavioral sciences, has announced the addition of a specialization in the master of arts in counseling degree. A specialization in addiction counseling is now offered and...

Loading University of the Rockies collaborators
Loading University of the Rockies collaborators