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Diliman Primero, Philippines

The University of the Philippines Diliman , is a coeducational, research state university located in Quezon City, Philippines. It is the flagship campus, seat of administration, and the fourth oldest constituent university of the University of the Philippines System, the national university of the Philippines.Delegated in 1939 as the new campus of then University of the Philippines centered in Manila, the Diliman campus was created from the 493-hectare area of the Diliman district of the then newly established Quezon City to address the increasing population of the university and to acknowledge the demands to expand its roster of academic programs. The outbreak of World War II hampered the development of the area. Under the governance of UP President Bienvenido Gonzalez through a P13 million grant from the US-Philippines War Damage Commission, much of the UP was transferred from its campus in Manila to the bigger Diliman campus and delegated UP Diliman as the University of the Philippines System's seat of administration. The transfer of the Oblation from Manila to Diliman marked the campus's establishment on February 12, 1949.Between the 1970s and 1980s, UP Diliman was the site of much student activism. It was during these times that student demonstration and opposition against Marcos' administration became heavy and aggressive. This was one of the precursors to Marcos' declaration of martial law in 1972.UP Diliman was formally established as a constituent university on April 23, 1985 at the 976th Meeting of the U.P. Board of Regents.It is the largest constituent university in the University of the Philippines System in terms of number of degree-granting academic units, student population, faculty, and library resources. There are 27 degree-granting units on campus, accounting for 22,031 students of which, 15,299 are undergraduates. UP Diliman had a complement of 1,526 full-time faculty in 2012, of whom 528 have doctoral degrees. In addition to the units in the main campus, UP Diliman has extension programs in Pampanga and Olongapo City as well as a marine laboratory in Bolinao, Pangasinan under The Marine Science Institute. UP Diliman offers academic programs in 247 major fields. There were 70 programs at the undergraduate level, 109 at the master’s level and 68 at the doctoral level.The library resources of UP Diliman are the largest in the country. The total book and non-book collections number 1,170,723 volumes, which include books, pamphlets, bound periodicals, theses, dissertations, microforms and various multimedia titles. The serial collection totals 60,450 divided into 26,679 print titles and 33,771 unique titles in online journals. This collection has steadily grown through acquisitions and generous donations.The Commission on Higher Education declared nine U.P.D. units as Centers of Excellence as of 2009, currently the highest recognized by this agency.The UP Diliman campus is also the site of the country's National Science Complex. Notable research units of UP Diliman centered at the National Science Complex include the Marine Science Institute , the National Institute of Geological science , the National Institute of Physics , the National Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology-Diliman , and the National Institute for Science and Mathematics Education Development , which are all pioneers of scientific research and development in the Philippines.The university represents the UP System in the University Athletic Association of the Philippines. Its athletic teams, collectively called the Fighting Maroons, competes in various athletic competitions while its cheerdance group, the U.P. Pep Squad, represents the university in its annual UAAP Cheerdance Competition and also represented the country in various international cheerleading competitions. Wikipedia.

Galapon E.A.,University of the Philippines at Diliman
Physical Review Letters | Year: 2012

A time of arrival operator across a square potential barrier is constructed. The expectation value of the barrier time of arrival operator for a sufficiently localized incident wave packet is compared with the expectation value of the free particle time of arrival operator for the same wave packet. The comparison yields an expression for the expected traversal time across the barrier. It is shown that only the above barrier components of the momentum distribution of the incident wave packet contribute to the barrier traversal time, implying that below the barrier components are transmitted without delay. This is consistent with the recent experiment in attosecond ionization in helium indicating that there is no real tunneling delay time. © 2012 American Physical Society. Source

Vinluan L.R.,University of the Philippines at Diliman
Scientometrics | Year: 2012

An objective assessment using bibliometric indicators of research productivity in education and psychology in the Philippines was conducted. Results were then benchmarked against its Southeast Asian neighbors' research productivity in the same fields. Results showed that the Philippines ranked low in research productivity compared to Singapore, Thailand, and Malaysia, particularly starting in the 1990s. Only a few researchers, mainly coming from a small number of higher education institutions, were publishing papers on a regular basis in a small range of journals. Those journals had either no or low impact factors and most papers had low citation counts. It also collaborated less with domestic and international institutions. This low research productivity was explained in terms of economic indicators, the local orientation of many social science research studies, funding, individual characteristics of researchers, and the epistemic culture of knowledge production in the country. However, the reforms initiated by the government, particularly in the higher education sector, would hopefully lead to a better research landscape and, consequently, improved research productivity in the near future. © 2011 Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary. Source

Jalao E.R.,University of the Philippines at Diliman | Wu T.,Arizona State University | Shunk D.,Arizona State University
Information Sciences | Year: 2014

Existing decision making methodologies like the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) address imprecise pairwise comparisons by modeling crisp pairwise comparisons as fuzzy sets or a single type of probability distribution (e.g., uniform, triangular). However, one common issue faced by decision makers (DMs) is bounded rationality. That is, DMs have limited cognitive powers in specifying their preferences over multiple pairwise comparisons. This result to crisp as well as imprecise pairwise comparisons. Furthermore, given the ultimate goal of imprecise AHP is to make the decision, computing weights for the criteria and the alternatives from the imprecise preferences is a must. Hence, these various types of pairwise comparisons must be modeled using a single probability distribution for easy computation of the weights. In this research, a beta distribution is proposed to model the varying stochastic preferences of the DM. The method-of-moments methodology is used to fit the varying stochastic preferences of the DM into beta stochastic pairwise comparisons since it can represent a wide variety of probability distributions. Additionally, a non-linear programming model is then developed that calculates weights which maximize the preferences of the DM while maintaining a level of consistency. Comparison experiments are conducted using datasets collected from literature to validate the proposed methodology. Source

Borines M.G.,University of the Philippines at Los Banos | de Leon R.L.,University of the Philippines at Diliman | Cuello J.L.,University of Arizona
Bioresource Technology | Year: 2013

Macroalgae, an abundant and carbon-neutral renewable resource, with several species rich in carbohydrates are suitable for bioethanol production. This study focused on the pretreatment, enzyme saccharification and fermentation of Sargassum spp., a brown macroalgae for bioethanol production. The optimal acid pretreatment condition achieved in terms of glucose and reducing sugar yields was 3.4-4.6% (w/v) H2SO4 concentration, 115°C and 1.50h. The pretreated biomass was hydrolyzed with cellulase enzyme system supplemented with β-glucosidase. After fermentation by Saccharomyces cerevisiae at 40°C, pH of 4.5 for 48h, the ethanol conversion rate of the enzyme hydrolysate reached 89%, which was markedly higher than the theoretical yield of 51% based on glucose as substrate. Since all the glucose was consumed during fermentation, other sugar sources might be present in the hydrolysate. The macroalgae, Sargassum spp., showed significant potential as a renewable feedstock for the production of bioethanol. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Gabriel A.A.,Hiroshima University | Gabriel A.A.,University of the Philippines at Diliman
Food Control | Year: 2012

The decimal reduction times (D) of individual and composited Escherichia coli O157:H7 or spoilage yeasts in UV-C irradiated and heated (55°C) clear apple juices (pH3.68, 12.5°Brix) were determined. Spoilage yeasts (D=6.38-11.04min) were found to be generally more UV-C resistant than E. coli O157:H7 (D=0.5-2.76min), while the opposite was observed in terms of thermal resistance (E. coli D=0.9-4.43min; yeast D=0.03-6.10min). All spoilage yeast proliferated in the untreated juice (25°C) while all E. coli strains were inactivated. Except for E. coli O157:H7 in UV-C irradiated apple juice, the composited inocula of both pathogenic and spoilage test organisms were less tolerant than the identified most resistant strain or species. The results of this study may be used in identifying appropriate target organisms, as well as the modes of inoculation, in challenge studies and eventually in the establishment and validation of process lethalities for apple juices and similar commodities. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. Source

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