University of the Arts London is a public research university located in London, United Kingdom specialised in art, design, fashion and media. It is a collegiate university comprising six constituent colleges: Camberwell College of Arts, Central Saint Martins, Chelsea College of Art and Design, London College of Communication, London College of Fashion and Wimbledon College of Art.The university is Europe's largest provider of education in art, design, fashion, communication and the performing arts. It brings together 19,000 students from over 100 different countries, including 2,250 further education students, 14,000 undergraduates and 2,700 postgraduate and research students. It is also a leading provider of short courses on creative subjects, with around 20,000 people aged 10 to 82 taking a course across the academic year.The University wholly owns the UAL Awarding Body, which designs, assesses and awards pre-university arts and design qualifications, and validates more than half of the UK's foundation diplomas. Wikipedia.
McDonnell J.,University of the Arts London
This paper explores explore the similarities and differences in the strategies used by designers and fine art practitioners to impose enabling constraints on a project. Enabling constraints are defined as devices, arbitrary, pragmatic, aesthetic and other which artists or designers impose to create coherence in a work or to create a discipline for the working process. The paper draws on the literature on how designers impose order, juxtaposing this characterization with a case study of a long-term collaborative fine art practice. It concludes that further understanding of design creativity arising from prepared minds might come from investigating other forms of creative practice; and that long-term collaborative practice is a more appropriate focus for understanding how order that enables creativity is imposed than studies focusing on single projects. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source
McDonnell J.,University of the Arts London
This paper reports an investigation into the verbal interaction between two experienced software designers developing initial ideas for a new software application. Paying attention to the conversational strategies that make manifest the 'web of moves' (Schön, 1985) that characterises expert design behaviour, the study focuses on how the designers keep the designing moving on productively despite uncertainties and ambiguities over the brief and disagreement over elements of the design itself. The study examines how tentativeness supports constructive collaboration and draws attention to the conversational strategies used to accommodate disagreement, in particular explicit reference to it and the use of technicalising terms to encapsulate, but acknowledge, differences about how design requirements should be realised. The work contributes to understanding the subtle conversational mechanisms that support effective design collaboration and highlights the need to acknowledge phenomena that serve collaboration itself. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source
Agency: GTR | Branch: AHRC | Program: | Phase: Research Grant | Award Amount: 20.73K | Year: 2014
In future cities, design can make a contribution by developing tools and techniques that will help address recidivism by reframing prison industries as holistic creative hubs that could better equip inmates to find employment opportunities when they are released from prison. Across the world inmates often work for prison industries to keep busy, earn some income and learn new skills that may lead to future employment opportunities, but prison industries rarely focus on creative thinking processes that help educate prisoners to become more resilient in the highly competitive and changing work places of the city where expectations of employment are often not met amongst marginalised groups, who in huge numbers fail to find legitimate employment and thus resort to crime. This project aims to help break that cycle. In most prisons educational and work experiences are disconnected, and delivered separately; this project aims to innovate a new approach. It will explore if and how design engagement with prison industries may offer new opportunities to connect with hard to reach prisoners. Also to draw on design to address the gap that currently exists between vocational and educational approaches to increasing employability amongst prisoners. The project will introduce analytical approaches associated with design-thinking (Kimbell, 2009, 2011) in accessible and visual ways into vocational prison industry activities, so that inmate learning can occur in pragmatic vocational contexts, producing a trial anti bag theft design or accessory. This Makeright product currently being proposed - a label to be created by DACRC in both cities - will engage inmates in co-designing and making products to protect potential victims from crime. Ultimately to deliver a form of restorative justice by helping others avoid crime and perhaps also generating a much needed income stream for prisons. A pragmatic approach to thinking/making may suit some inmate learning styles. The aim is to develop and test new opportunities for prisoners to engage in traditional prison industry activities empowering them to learn additional skills (such as improved communication, collaboration, systemic reasoning and empathy) via the design of an anti theft bag or accessory. These skills may be achieved via an experimental approach to teaching design-thinking to inmates linked to prisoner engagement with the Makeright product range both in London and Ahmedabad. Prof Lorraine Gamman and Adam Thorpe of the Design Against Crime Research Centre (DACRC) at Central Saint Martins will work in partnership with HMP Wandsworth, London and will lead the project. They will collaborate with Dr. Praveen Nahar of the National Institute of Design, Creative Writer Aliya Curmally and with Sabarmati Jail, in Ahmedabad to test the creative research materials/design brief generated by DACRC, and observe whether or not they have efficacy, and to write up. In order to create the protocols for the project, the teams will consult with many stakeholders inside and outside of prison both in London and Ahmedabad to ensure creative materials are fit for purpose. Here we wish to also understand whether or not our creative input can find new ways to improve the operational capacity of prison industries both in London and Ahmedabad, and thus serve inmates better in the outside world when seeking employment or self created enterprise opportunities. Also to find out whether it is possible to build the innovative capacity of prisons by beginning to reframe prison industries as a location of a creative hub where new employment skills and opportunities can be developed/ fostered. To share our learning from the project the team anticipate creating diverse outputs including presentations to government, stakeholders and academics that discuss whether our approach to prison industries and the Makeright label build resilience and positively impact (or unbox) on inmate experience.
Agency: GTR | Branch: AHRC | Program: | Phase: Research Grant | Award Amount: 27.00K | Year: 2016
Listening Across Disciplines responds to the Highlight notice for Cross-Council Enquiry with a strong commitment to cross-disciplinary research by bringing together artists, musicians, scientists, technologists and social scientists as well as scholars and practitioners from the humanities, stakeholders from press, education and health, as well as Early Career Researchers and the general public, to conduct a cross disciplinary research of listening as a methodology of enquiry and communication. It will provide a network in which culture and science can meet to debate and initiate innovative modes of knowledge production that bring value to the arts and humanities as well as to technology and science research, and a general public. The network brings together significant researchers and consolidates existing initiatives and methods of listening to advance its understanding and application across a wide range of disciplines. It is developed in the context of a recent emphasis on sound in the arts and humanities. And although science too has recently embraced listening, it remains a largely qualitative method of investigation, considered as generally subjective and peripheral to more established data assessment and analysis methods. In response, this network expands the interdisciplinary focus of sound studies, from its origin in arts and humanities, into science and technology, to explore the potential of cross fertilisation between artistic research and practices of listening and its scientific or technological methods and applications. The project will be realised through three network events, each lasting two days, and two online platforms, a website and a blog site. While the website serves to document and archive, to produce additional material and to disseminate the research globally, and the blog site enables faster exchanges and plural authorship, the network events will provide application and substance to the online network and enable a real world exchange. These events will feature workshops and technical demonstrations of listening strategies, tools, methods and instruments, as well as presentations of approaches to analysis, evaluation, and communication. They provide an applied forum for knowledge sharing and enable a shared enquiry into the possibilities of listening as a progressive and functional research methodology. The issues under investigation are: The scholarly and public understanding of listening as a skill and methodology The discipline specific applications of listening and how they can be shared The analytical, data gathering and diagnostic function of listening compared across the disciplines The legitimacy and evaluation of the heard for the arts and humanities and for science disciplines The role of listening in the transfer of results and outcomes to other researchers, professionals and a general public. In order to achieve focused discussions and guarantee relevant outcomes the events are organised in three themes: Listening to the Environment focuses on ecological, geological, architectural and spatial concerns Listening to Bodies and Material considers social and medical issues, anthropology and forensics Listening to Language Culture and Artefacts deliberates on speech and language, technology, museology and curation. Each event incorporates a public listening workshop that opens the selective forum to a more general audience and offers an immediate opportunity to experience listening as a thoughtful and directed methodology. The principal and longer term aim of this network project is to establish a research hub that provides the infrastructure and shared terrain to develop and document, educate and disseminate information, guidelines and policies on listening as a methodology of investigation and communication that advances what research can be conducted and what information and outcomes can be obtained in the arts and the sciences.
Agency: GTR | Branch: AHRC | Program: | Phase: Research Grant | Award Amount: 4.80K | Year: 2014
Lorraine Gamman is Professor of Design at Central Saint Martins (CSM), part of the University of the Arts London (UAL) as well as Visiting Professor/Research Associate with the Designing Out Crime Research Centre at the University of Technology, Sydney. She finalised her PhD on shoplifting at Middlesex University in 1999 and a spin off book from it, Gone Shopping - the Story of Shirley Pitts, Queen of Thieves, was published by Penguin Books in 1996 reissued (with a new afterword) in 2012 by Bloomsbury. In 1999 Gamman founded the practice-led Design Against Crime Research initiative (see www.designagainstcrime.com) at CSM, a world-renowned college for innovative art and design practice. The project was validated as a Research Centre at UAL in 2005, which she continues to direct. Her work with the Design Against Crime Research Centre (DACRC) has won several awards for design innovation and recognition for delivery of impact. Together with Adam Thorpe she has delivered numerous academic outputs and co-curated over 15 art and design exhibitions as well as catalysing a number of DAC product ranges including Stop Thief chairs, Karrysafe bags and Bikeoff anti-theft bike stands, all of which have incorporated offender knowledge into the design process.