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Teramo, Italy

The University of Teramo is an Italian public research university located in Teramo, Italy. The academic institution was officially established in 1993 after having been a detached section of the University of Chieti for over 30 years.The University of Teramo, which holds one of the most modern campuses in Italy, offers 5 faculties 24 degree courses, 35 Masters, 6 postgraduate schools and 10 departments. The entire 50,000 sq m of the Coste Sant'Agostino Campus holds the faculties of Law, Communication science, and Political Science. A scientific pole is currently underway and will house the faculties of Veterinary Medicine and Agriculture. It consists of a very up-to-date facility of 100,000 sq m which will also accommodate an animal Hospital and a Sanitary Dog Kennel. The Campus and Pole are two realities symbolizing the core areas of the University: the legal, political and communicative areas together with the agro-bio-veterinary area which represent two centers of excellence of the University of Teramo. Communication technologies have always influenced both thought and learning methods. As a result, facilities more and more necessary to the knowledge society such as language, multimedia, television laboratories, the university newspaper, and radio station, have been carried out. The University is living a strong period of internationalization through offering scholarships to students from all over of the world. Wikipedia.

Di Guardo G.,University of Teramo
European Journal of Histochemistry

A brief overview is here provided on lipofuscin and lipofuscin-like substances, with particular reference to their biological significance as well as to their cellular origin and pathophysiological role. Special emphasis is also placed on the mutual relationships between lipofuscin and lipofuscin-like lipopigments on one side, and cell autofluorescence on the other. © Copyright G. Di Guardo. 2015. Source

Cryptosporidiosis affects the gastrointestinal and respiratory tract of humans as well as of a wide range of companion, farm, laboratory and wild animals. In the past few years, three independent studies have provided strong evidence for the existence of a distinct Cryptosporidium species affecting tortoises and likely circulating in other reptile species as well. A new Cryptosporidium genotype was firstly detected and genetically characterized in a marginated tortoise in Italy in 2007 and named Cryptosporidium sp. ex Testudo marginata CrIT-20. The phylogenetic analysis of this isolate indicated that this Cryptosporidium was unique and belonged to the intestinal clade. These findings were later on confirmed by the detection of genetic homologies of isolates from a python and a chameleon from Spain and by recent research in the United States. The latter study presented both the occurrence of intestinal lesions in a pancake tortoise and a Russian tortoise and the genetic characterization of the isolates, together with the first pictures of the endogenous stages of Cryptosporidium CrIT-20. Phylogenetic inference based on the sequences representing small subunit of the nuclear ribosomal RNA gene (SSU) of these isolates confirmed the pathological findings because this Cryptosporidium was related to the intestinal group and supported previous results in T. marginata from Italy. The present scientific data on the Cryptosporidium CrIT-20 support its classification as a new species of Cryptosporidium causing intestinal diseases in tortoises. Although further morphological (i.e. exogenous stages) and biological aspects (i.e. complete host range) are yet to be elucidated, it is proposed that this Cryptosporidium is designated Cryptosporidium ducismarci. © 2010 Traversa; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

Traversa D.,University of Teramo
Parasites and Vectors

Modifications in climatic conditions, movements of hosts and goods, changes in animal phenology and human behaviour and increase of wildlife, are presently concurring in the geographic spread of vectors and cardio-respiratory nematodes, e.g. Dirofilaria immitis, Angiostrongylus vasorum, Aelurostrongylus abstrusus and Capillaria aerophila. All these factors may also influence dispersion and clinical significance of fleas, thus posing relevant challenges in those regions where other parasites are emerging at the same time. Ctenocephalides felis, Ctenocephalides canis and Pulex irritans cause discomfort, nuisance, allergic reactions, anaemia, and may transmit several pathogens, some of them are of importance for public health. The present article reviews the importance of fleas in small animal practice and their sanitary relevance for dogs, cats and humans, and discusses current control methods in the present era of emerging extra-intestinal nematodes, towards a possible changing perspective for controlling key parasites affecting companion animals. © 2013 Traversa; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

Traversa D.,University of Teramo
Parasites and Vectors

Ascarids and ancylostomatids are the most important parasites affecting dogs and cats worldwide, in terms of diffusion and risk for animal and human health. Different misconceptions have led the general public and pet owners to minimize the importance of these intestinal worms. A low grade of interest is also registered among veterinary professions, although there is a significant merit in keeping our guard up against these parasites. This article reviews current knowledge of ascarids and ancylostomatids, with a special focus on pathogenicity, epidemiology and control methods in veterinary and human medicine. © 2012 Traversa. Source

Bonfiglio A.,University of Teramo
Computers, Environment and Urban Systems

This paper aims to assess the environmental impact of a specific disposition of the 2003 Common Agricultural Policy reform of the European Union aimed at decoupling governmental payments from production in the agricultural economy of an Italian rural region during the 2005-2007 period. Effects from the removal of policy income support are also evaluated. For this purpose, a Multilayer Feedforward Neural Network is applied to model farmers' behaviour over the period 2003-2007. Results indicate that the choice of decoupling direct payments from production, compared with the hypothesis of maintaining the previous policy regime, allowed a reduction in the use of chemicals in the regional case analysed. Positive environmental effects were relatively higher in farms that introduced crops only for obtaining short-term gains. Moreover, results show that the total removal of direct payments would have brought about stronger environmental benefits than decoupling, by pushing the most penalised farmers to reorient their production towards alternative activities. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. Source

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