University of Technology, Mauritius
La Tour, Mauritius

The University of Technology, Mauritius is a public university in Mauritius. The main campus lies in La Tour Koenig, Pointe aux Sables within the district of Port Louis. It was founded following the Government of Mauritius approval of the setting up of the University of Technology, Mauritius in January 2000 and the proclamation of the The University of Technology, Mauritius Act on 21 June 2000.UTM has a specialized mission with a technology focus. It applies traditional and beyond traditional approaches to teaching, training, research and consultancy. The university has been founded with the aim to play a key role in the economic and social development of Mauritius through the development of programmes of direct relevance to the country’s needs, for example in areas like technology, sustainable development science, and public sector policy and management.UTM is a member of the Association of Commonwealth Universities and is listed in the Commonwealth Universities Handbook and in the International Handbook of Universities. UTM is also a member of the Southern African Regional Universities Association - A network of public universities in the SADC region. Wikipedia.

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Ramodhine K.,University of Technology, Mauritius | Panchoo S.,University of Technology, Mauritius
Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering | Year: 2017

Driver drowsiness has become a major cause of traffic accidents. As a matter of fact, studies show that around one quarter of all serious motorway accidents are attributable to sleepy driver. One of the common ways to detect sleepy driver is by tracking the eye region since the major symptoms of fatigue such as frequent eye blinks and difficulty keeping eyes open, are visible through the driver’s eyes. Hence, it has become a necessity to proffer an investigation about the development of a mobile application system to detect the driver’s tiredness through Real-Time Eye. Naïve Bayes classifier algorithm and an alarm system have been implemented to proactively predict if there is any sign of drowsiness symptoms. The assessment of a population of 25 people were assessed which shows young people are mostly vulnerable to falling asleep on the wheel and that the notification alarm has also proved to be effective. © Springer International Publishing AG 2017.

Coothoopermal S.,University of Mauritius | Chittoo H.,University of Technology, Mauritius
International Journal of Consumer Studies | Year: 2017

This article investigates the effects of consumer decision-making styles on consumer confusion and harm. While consumer confusion has been well documented in the literature, this investigation attempts to bridge our understanding on its relationship with consumer decision-making styles. Empirical data was collected from a field survey where 400 consumers selected at 20 supermarkets in Mauritius were asked to respond to a questionnaire measuring three variables under study: consumer confusion, consumer decision-making styles, and situational factors. Findings from the MANOVA parametric test showed that there is a significant difference between consumer decision-making styles and consumer confusion. Even when covariate situational factors were controlled through the parametric test MANCOVA, results still showed a significant difference between consumer decision-making styles and consumer confusion. More specifically, ANCOVA tests showed that the findings were specifically significant for three types of confusion: product confusion, packaging confusion, and product complexity. The study tends to confirm that a consumer's style of decision making does impact on consumer confusion. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons Ltd

Panchoo S.,University of Technology, Mauritius
2017 International Conference on Platform Technology and Service, PlatCon 2017 - Proceedings | Year: 2017

If many are still skeptical about the contribution of virtual environments in the learning process, others are still debating on the significant differences between traditional and online education. In other words, information and communication technologies are yet to be viewed as the indispensable pedagogical and learning tool, enabling meta-cognitive development and autonomous learning. Virtual environments as well as learning strategies are implemented in order to guide online learners in achieving their objectives. However, it was found that there is a lack of cognitive interactions. Therefore, this research's aim is to assess the gaps between the desired learning type of interactions and the actual learning activities of the learners. As methodology, a questionnaire was designed to identify synchronous interactions, done both individually and in teams. The participants in the survey are eighteen online learners, enrolled in a completely online master's course in France. With the help of activity theory the existing system is assessed and most of the learners claim that they go through the prescribed learning activities. The type of interactions obtained after compilation of the questionnaire refers to learner-tools, learner-content, tutor-learner as well as learner-learners interactions. Considering the shortcomings, improved processes are proposed which promote quality interactions among actors. © 2017 IEEE.

Okpara O.S.,University of Technology, Mauritius | Bekaroo G.,University of Technology, Mauritius
Conference Proceedings - 2017 17th IEEE International Conference on Environment and Electrical Engineering and 2017 1st IEEE Industrial and Commercial Power Systems Europe, EEEIC / I and CPS Europe 2017 | Year: 2017

With the financial technology revolution, the days of bringing out cash from well-crafted leather wallets to make payments have begun to phase out and plastic payment cards are no longer being considered as the future of financial services. An important part of this revolution is mobile wallet, which is an application of m-payment that has features similar to a conventional wallet. As mobile wallets or digital wallets have been transforming the execution of customer to merchant transactions, security remains an important concern. Authentication mechanisms in the form of PINs, passwords and pattern codes have not been sufficient to curb the threats. Most recent attempts to rectify this issue involved the application of capacitance-based biometric. Although these efforts have brought about relatively more secure authentication, not all mobile devices are equipped with capacitance sensors and the high cost of the ones equipped presents a problem. The paper proposes an approach where a camera captured fingerprint sample is employed for customer electronic wallet authentication. © 2017 IEEE.

Foolmaun R.K.,University of Mauritius | Chamilall D.S.,Staffordshire University | Munhurrun G.,University of Technology, Mauritius
Resources, Conservation and Recycling | Year: 2011

In Mauritius, solid waste disposal has been a cause for concern since the 1980s. Currently, there is no segregation of waste and some 1200 tonnes of solid waste are generated daily by the 1.24 million inhabitants of the island. As processes such as recycling and composting are still in their infancy stage, most of the waste generated have to be disposed of at the sole landfill. The solid waste management practices of 1980s and early 1990s are no longer compatible with the changing composition and quantity of wastes now generated. As a result, there is an urgency to review the whole waste management system and come forward with sustainable solutions. This paper presents an overview of the disposal of non-hazardous solid waste in Mauritius and provides recommendations for improving the current disposal system. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Panchoo S.,University of Technology, Mauritius
Proceedings of the 2015 IEEE 3rd International Conference on MOOCs, Innovation and Technology in Education, MITE 2015 | Year: 2015

We are witnessing a learning community who is always willing and eager to be associated to innovative practices online. With the Massive Open Online Courses (MOOC), developing countries are given new opportunities to be part of the global community with access to a wider range of resources and expertise from leading universities around the world. But these resources cannot be integrated in programmes without investigating on their pertinence and their value added factor. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to analyze the actual distance education systems in Mauritius and to outline strategies on how MOOC can be used effectively in order to revitalize higher education and lifelong learning by giving access to quality complementary resources. As methodology, the evolution of distance education in Mauritius is analyzed as well as the growth of MOOC. Furthermore a framework of the integration of MOOC in a new form of education that transcends boundaries is proposed for a developing country like Mauritius. It is found that, for innovation to be effective, it needs to find its way in the existing valued solid foundations that were inbuilt. © 2015 IEEE.

Panchoo S.,University of Technology, Mauritius
Proceedings - 2012 International Conference on Advanced Computer Science Applications and Technologies, ACSAT 2012 | Year: 2013

No doubts subsist with regards to the capabilities of the Internet with its ever growing online communities. However, if the Web has provided fertile grounds for researches and collaborations, the education sector has not yet experienced threshold developments and dependencies on technology with matters relating to online teaching and learning. This paper is based on a doctoral research and the aim of this research is to study the tutor-students' interactions in order to unfold their way of interactions and their learning needs. The methodology used was based on the content analysis of the logged tutor-students textual interactions. Qualitative analysis based on the activity theory of Engeström at macro level, and the Panchoo/Jaillet grid at micro level, were used to analyze a thousand lines of interactions pertaining to a particular module at Master's level in the UNIV-Rct online campus. Surprisingly it has been found that the students interact less on cognitive issues and more on matters pertaining to rules and procedures. Considering the students' learning needs and the tutor's manner of supporting them at real time in their studies, it is desirable to exploit further the technological and the social network capabilities to help enhance the educational processes. For quality learning to take place, not only students should be given adequate pedagogical supports, but tutors should also be assisted to enable them give relevant feedback and guidance in time. © 2012 IEEE.

Panchoo S.,University of Technology, Mauritius
Proceedings - 2015 International Conference on Science in Information Technology: Big Data Spectrum for Future Information Economy, ICSITech 2015 | Year: 2015

In distance education learners are encouraged to be autonomous learners by learning at their own place and pace. However, they require relevant supports and timely feedback to motivate them progress effectively in their studies. In absence of face to face interactions, tutors are unable to understand clearly the problems faced by the learners and thus they are not given the right timely feedback. This research is part of a doctoral research and the aim of this paper is to firstly, investigate the types of supports that learners look for in a completely online course and secondly, identify a convenient environment to enable tutors track the learners' progress and give personalized assistance. As methodology, a content analysis of four synchronous tutorial chats, of 998 lines of interactions, was done based on activity theory of Engestrom. An online tutor and his ten learners participated in the chats, enabling them to interact freely with the focus of successfully completing the assignment set. Result depicts the human behaviour of learners enrolled in a completely online course: they queried on the rules, the procedures of the course as well as on the expectations of the tutor. The interactions were focused towards meeting the objectives of the course but they were not dominated by meta-cognitive interactions. Thus, we propose for relevant variables to be logged to enable tutors to understand learner's progress and to give efficient support based on the analysis of learning analytics of learners' past interactions. Learners' behaviours via their interactions, will enable tutors identify lurkers, active and passive learners. This research is a stepping stone in identifying patterns with regards to tutors and learners' interactions. © 2015 IEEE.

Bassoo V.,University of Technology, Mauritius | Linton L.,Victoria University of Melbourne | Faulkner M.,Victoria University of Melbourne
IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers | Year: 2012

The drive signals for radio frequency switch mode amplifiers can be directly generated by digital circuits using pulsewidth modulation and pulse position modulation. The quantisation noise that occurs when the pulsewidths are quantised to the timing grid can be shaped using sigma delta (ΣΔ) modulation combined with polar quantisation. This paper analyses the behavior of the resulting non-uniform polar quantisation and predicts the signal to noise ratio (SNR) performance of both Cartesian and polar filtered ΣΔ architectures. Practical measurements and simulations support the analysis. Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing and wideband code division multiple access signals are shown to have an increasing SNR with signal strength of 0.5 dB/dB at low signal levels, and 1 dB/dB at medium signal levels prior to entering the overload region. The schemes trade-off improved quantiser fidelity for higher oversampling requirements. They have reduced transitions, better coding efficiency and generally outperform the traditional band-pass ΣΔ scheme. Their complexity grows linearly with the number of quantisation points. © 2004-2012 IEEE.

Deenmamode L-C.,University of Technology, Mauritius
International Journal of Learning | Year: 2012

Pressing economic and technological demands on the international platform are constantly expecting more from our educational institutions. In that context, an updated pedagogy, innovative teaching and learning skills as well as an effective and visionary management are some of the new exigencies awaiting our schools. However, the mere focus on administrative structures or a sophisticated technology will not suffice to equip the schools. In a world of uncertainties and continuous changes whereby economic crisis meets job or food crisis, there is a constant that the world needs to cling to-"values". The aim of this paper is to highlight the importance of values being at the heart of school leadership in a catholic school based in Pretoria, South Africa. From the light of this interpretive study, the researcher shows the need for values to become the 'cornerstone' of our educational institutions which have become highly vulnerable to many social ills and uncertainties. © Common Ground, Lily-Claire Deenmamode. .

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