University of Technology, Mauritius
La Tour, Mauritius

The University of Technology, Mauritius is a public university in Mauritius. The main campus lies in La Tour Koenig, Pointe aux Sables within the district of Port Louis. It was founded following the Government of Mauritius approval of the setting up of the University of Technology, Mauritius in January 2000 and the proclamation of the The University of Technology, Mauritius Act on 21 June 2000.UTM has a specialized mission with a technology focus. It applies traditional and beyond traditional approaches to teaching, training, research and consultancy. The university has been founded with the aim to play a key role in the economic and social development of Mauritius through the development of programmes of direct relevance to the country’s needs, for example in areas like technology, sustainable development science, and public sector policy and management.UTM is a member of the Association of Commonwealth Universities and is listed in the Commonwealth Universities Handbook and in the International Handbook of Universities. UTM is also a member of the Southern African Regional Universities Association - A network of public universities in the SADC region. Wikipedia.

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Ramodhine K.,University of Technology, Mauritius | Panchoo S.,University of Technology, Mauritius
Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering | Year: 2017

Driver drowsiness has become a major cause of traffic accidents. As a matter of fact, studies show that around one quarter of all serious motorway accidents are attributable to sleepy driver. One of the common ways to detect sleepy driver is by tracking the eye region since the major symptoms of fatigue such as frequent eye blinks and difficulty keeping eyes open, are visible through the driver’s eyes. Hence, it has become a necessity to proffer an investigation about the development of a mobile application system to detect the driver’s tiredness through Real-Time Eye. Naïve Bayes classifier algorithm and an alarm system have been implemented to proactively predict if there is any sign of drowsiness symptoms. The assessment of a population of 25 people were assessed which shows young people are mostly vulnerable to falling asleep on the wheel and that the notification alarm has also proved to be effective. © Springer International Publishing AG 2017.

Khan D.M.,Islamia University of Bahawalpur | Mohamudally N.,University of Technology, Mauritius
Procedia Computer Science | Year: 2013

The pattern extraction and discovery of useful information from a dataset are the foremost purposes of data mining; the outcome of this process is the 'knowledge' which is helpful in taking the decision. For the past decade there have been multiple attempts and strong beliefs in the development and the formulation of the unified data mining frameworks that would answer to the fundamental versions related to the discovery of knowledge. In this paper we are presenting a novel unified framework for data mining conceptualized through the composite functions. The framework is further illustrated with a variety of real life datasets using different data mining algorithms. © 2013 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.

Foolmaun R.K.,University of Mauritius | Chamilall D.S.,Staffordshire University | Munhurrun G.,University of Technology, Mauritius
Resources, Conservation and Recycling | Year: 2011

In Mauritius, solid waste disposal has been a cause for concern since the 1980s. Currently, there is no segregation of waste and some 1200 tonnes of solid waste are generated daily by the 1.24 million inhabitants of the island. As processes such as recycling and composting are still in their infancy stage, most of the waste generated have to be disposed of at the sole landfill. The solid waste management practices of 1980s and early 1990s are no longer compatible with the changing composition and quantity of wastes now generated. As a result, there is an urgency to review the whole waste management system and come forward with sustainable solutions. This paper presents an overview of the disposal of non-hazardous solid waste in Mauritius and provides recommendations for improving the current disposal system. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Bekaroo G.,Middlesex University | Bokhoree C.,University of Technology, Mauritius | Pattinson C.,Leeds Beckett University
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews | Year: 2016

As human beings are becoming increasingly dependent on technology, the relationship of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) with the natural environment is continuously degrading. In the past, ICT was often regarded as a low-carbon enabler but its widespread adoption has adversely turned it into a power drainer. The negative consequence is climate change, which is a complex social problem with rebound effects on human beings. Taking cognizance of this problem, it is becoming vital for each and every computer user to contribute and reduce the growing carbon footprint of ICT. This work identifies and analyses the key contributors in diminishing the carbon footprint of ICT before investigating into the adoption process by end users via a proposed Knowledge-Implementation-Effect Cycle. The relationship between the key contributors and the adoption process by end users is studied via nine research questions to identify key limitations and finally recommend potential solutions to further help in reducing the ICT carbon footprint. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.

Panchoo S.,University of Technology, Mauritius
Proceedings of the 2015 IEEE 3rd International Conference on MOOCs, Innovation and Technology in Education, MITE 2015 | Year: 2015

We are witnessing a learning community who is always willing and eager to be associated to innovative practices online. With the Massive Open Online Courses (MOOC), developing countries are given new opportunities to be part of the global community with access to a wider range of resources and expertise from leading universities around the world. But these resources cannot be integrated in programmes without investigating on their pertinence and their value added factor. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to analyze the actual distance education systems in Mauritius and to outline strategies on how MOOC can be used effectively in order to revitalize higher education and lifelong learning by giving access to quality complementary resources. As methodology, the evolution of distance education in Mauritius is analyzed as well as the growth of MOOC. Furthermore a framework of the integration of MOOC in a new form of education that transcends boundaries is proposed for a developing country like Mauritius. It is found that, for innovation to be effective, it needs to find its way in the existing valued solid foundations that were inbuilt. © 2015 IEEE.

Panchoo S.,University of Technology, Mauritius
Proceedings - 2012 International Conference on Advanced Computer Science Applications and Technologies, ACSAT 2012 | Year: 2013

No doubts subsist with regards to the capabilities of the Internet with its ever growing online communities. However, if the Web has provided fertile grounds for researches and collaborations, the education sector has not yet experienced threshold developments and dependencies on technology with matters relating to online teaching and learning. This paper is based on a doctoral research and the aim of this research is to study the tutor-students' interactions in order to unfold their way of interactions and their learning needs. The methodology used was based on the content analysis of the logged tutor-students textual interactions. Qualitative analysis based on the activity theory of Engeström at macro level, and the Panchoo/Jaillet grid at micro level, were used to analyze a thousand lines of interactions pertaining to a particular module at Master's level in the UNIV-Rct online campus. Surprisingly it has been found that the students interact less on cognitive issues and more on matters pertaining to rules and procedures. Considering the students' learning needs and the tutor's manner of supporting them at real time in their studies, it is desirable to exploit further the technological and the social network capabilities to help enhance the educational processes. For quality learning to take place, not only students should be given adequate pedagogical supports, but tutors should also be assisted to enable them give relevant feedback and guidance in time. © 2012 IEEE.

Panchoo S.,University of Technology, Mauritius
Proceedings - 2015 International Conference on Science in Information Technology: Big Data Spectrum for Future Information Economy, ICSITech 2015 | Year: 2015

In distance education learners are encouraged to be autonomous learners by learning at their own place and pace. However, they require relevant supports and timely feedback to motivate them progress effectively in their studies. In absence of face to face interactions, tutors are unable to understand clearly the problems faced by the learners and thus they are not given the right timely feedback. This research is part of a doctoral research and the aim of this paper is to firstly, investigate the types of supports that learners look for in a completely online course and secondly, identify a convenient environment to enable tutors track the learners' progress and give personalized assistance. As methodology, a content analysis of four synchronous tutorial chats, of 998 lines of interactions, was done based on activity theory of Engestrom. An online tutor and his ten learners participated in the chats, enabling them to interact freely with the focus of successfully completing the assignment set. Result depicts the human behaviour of learners enrolled in a completely online course: they queried on the rules, the procedures of the course as well as on the expectations of the tutor. The interactions were focused towards meeting the objectives of the course but they were not dominated by meta-cognitive interactions. Thus, we propose for relevant variables to be logged to enable tutors to understand learner's progress and to give efficient support based on the analysis of learning analytics of learners' past interactions. Learners' behaviours via their interactions, will enable tutors identify lurkers, active and passive learners. This research is a stepping stone in identifying patterns with regards to tutors and learners' interactions. © 2015 IEEE.

Saib A.A.E.F.,University of Technology, Mauritius | Tangman D.Y.,University of Mauritius | Bhuruth M.,University of Mauritius
International Journal of Computer Mathematics | Year: 2012

A new radial basis functions (RBFs) algorithm for pricing financial options under Merton's jump-diffusion model is described. The method is based on a differential quadrature approach, that allows the implementation of the boundary conditions in an efficient way. The semi-discrete equations obtained after approximation of the spatial derivatives, using RBFs based on differential quadrature are solved, using an exponential time integration scheme and we provide several numerical tests which show the superiority of this method over the popular Crank-Nicolson method. Various numerical results for the pricing of European, American and barrier options are given to illustrate the efficiency and accuracy of this new algorithm. We also show that the option Greeks such as the Delta and Gamma sensitivity measures are efficiently computed to high accuracy. © 2012 Taylor & Francis.

Bassoo V.,University of Technology, Mauritius | Linton L.,Victoria University of Melbourne | Faulkner M.,Victoria University of Melbourne
IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers | Year: 2012

The drive signals for radio frequency switch mode amplifiers can be directly generated by digital circuits using pulsewidth modulation and pulse position modulation. The quantisation noise that occurs when the pulsewidths are quantised to the timing grid can be shaped using sigma delta (ΣΔ) modulation combined with polar quantisation. This paper analyses the behavior of the resulting non-uniform polar quantisation and predicts the signal to noise ratio (SNR) performance of both Cartesian and polar filtered ΣΔ architectures. Practical measurements and simulations support the analysis. Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing and wideband code division multiple access signals are shown to have an increasing SNR with signal strength of 0.5 dB/dB at low signal levels, and 1 dB/dB at medium signal levels prior to entering the overload region. The schemes trade-off improved quantiser fidelity for higher oversampling requirements. They have reduced transitions, better coding efficiency and generally outperform the traditional band-pass ΣΔ scheme. Their complexity grows linearly with the number of quantisation points. © 2004-2012 IEEE.

Deenmamode L-C.,University of Technology, Mauritius
International Journal of Learning | Year: 2012

Pressing economic and technological demands on the international platform are constantly expecting more from our educational institutions. In that context, an updated pedagogy, innovative teaching and learning skills as well as an effective and visionary management are some of the new exigencies awaiting our schools. However, the mere focus on administrative structures or a sophisticated technology will not suffice to equip the schools. In a world of uncertainties and continuous changes whereby economic crisis meets job or food crisis, there is a constant that the world needs to cling to-"values". The aim of this paper is to highlight the importance of values being at the heart of school leadership in a catholic school based in Pretoria, South Africa. From the light of this interpretive study, the researcher shows the need for values to become the 'cornerstone' of our educational institutions which have become highly vulnerable to many social ills and uncertainties. © Common Ground, Lily-Claire Deenmamode. .

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