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Glasgow, United Kingdom

The University of Strathclyde is a Scottish public research university located in Glasgow, United Kingdom. It is Glasgow's second university by age, being founded in 1796 as the Andersonian Institute, and receiving its Royal Charter in 1964 as the UK's first technological university. It takes its name from the historic Kingdom of Strathclyde.The University of Strathclyde is Scotland's third largest university by number of students, with students and staff from over 100 countries. The institution was awarded University of the Year 2012 and Entrepreneurial University of the year 2013 by Times Higher Education.Applications for a place into many of the courses in the university is competitive and successful entrants have on average of 462 UCAS points. This places Strathclyde as the 15th highest ranked among UK higher education institutions. Wikipedia.

Fedorov M.V.,University of Strathclyde | Kornyshev A.A.,University of Tirana
Chemical Reviews | Year: 2014

The review discusses the properties of RTILs at different EIs, specifically the RTILs' response to charging of the interface and how it manifests itself in a range of selected applications. Response of an electrolyte to a charged electrode surface is described within the theory of electrical double layer (EDL). It overviews the current status of the theory of EDL in RTILs, showing that the structure of EDL there is different from that of a diluted electrolyte despite having certain common features with that of high-temperature molten salts (HTMS). It is well-known that the EDL plays a crucial role in electrodes and the potential drop across the EDL and its response to charging determines the electrical capacitance of the electrode/electrolyte interface and the energy stored in the EDL capacitors. The potential distribution in the EDL controls electrochemical kinetics, as the voltage difference between the electrode and the point where the reactant sits is the driving force of electrochemical reactions.

Gibson L.T.,University of Strathclyde
Chemical Society Reviews | Year: 2014

This tutorial review will focus on the removal of organic pollutants from the aqueous phase by mesoporous silica. After a brief discussion about mesosilica formation (MCM-41 and SBA-15) and silica surface modification, the review will focus on the use of mesosilica for the removal of (i) organic compounds, (ii) organic dyes, or (iii) pharmaceuticals from aqueous solutions. This journal is © the Partner Organisations 2014.

Gibson L.T.,University of Strathclyde
Chemical Society Reviews | Year: 2014

This tutorial review focuses on the application of mesoporous silica materials, primarily MCM-41 and SBA-15, for the removal of organic pollutants in the vapour phase. After briefly providing an introduction into the types of mesosilica covered in this review article the information is presented on a topic by topic basis and covers mesosilica and its interaction with vapour phase organic pollutants under the general subject headings of (i) adsorption isotherms and temperature programme desorption, (ii) dynamic adsorption experiments and (iii) gas separations. This journal is © the Partner Organisations 2014.

Daley A.J.,University of Strathclyde | Daley A.J.,University of Pittsburgh
Advances in Physics | Year: 2014

The study of open quantum systems - microscopic systems exhibiting quantum coherence that are coupled to their environment - has become increasingly important in the past years, as the ability to control quantum coherence on a single particle level has been developed in a wide variety of physical systems. In quantum optics, the study of open systems goes well beyond understanding the breakdown of quantum coherence. There, the coupling to the environment is sufficiently well understood that it can be manipulated to drive the system into desired quantum states, or to project the system onto known states via feedback in quantum measurements. Many mathematical frameworks have been developed to describe such systems, which for atomic, molecular, and optical (AMO) systems generally provide a very accurate description of the open quantum system on a microscopic level. In recent years, AMO systems including cold atomic and molecular gases and trapped ions have been applied heavily to the study of many-body physics, and it has become important to extend previous understanding of open system dynamics in single- and few-body systems to this many-body context. A key formalism that has already proven very useful in this context is the quantum trajectories technique. This method was developed in quantum optics as a numerical tool for studying dynamics in open quantum systems, and falls within a broader framework of continuous measurement theory as a way to understand the dynamics of large classes of open quantum systems. In this article, we review the progress that has been made in studying open many-body systems in the AMO context, focussing on the application of ideas from quantum optics, and on the implementation and applications of quantum trajectories methods in these systems. Control over dissipative processes promises many further tools to prepare interesting and important states in strongly interacting systems, including the realisation of parameter regimes in quantum simulators that are inaccessible via current techniques. © 2014 Taylor & Francis.

Lang S.,University of Strathclyde
Chemical Society Reviews | Year: 2013

Isocyanides possess a rich history in the world of synthetic chemistry. Recently the scope of this already versatile class of reagent has been expanded into its use in palladium-catalysed cascade sequences. The scope of this type of reaction is explored in depth and this tutorial review focuses on its various applications in chemical synthesis, and the wide range of systems that can be efficiently prepared using this strategy are documented. © 2013 The Royal Society of Chemistry.

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