Saint Paul, MN, United States

University of St. Thomas, Minnesota
Saint Paul, MN, United States

The University of St. Thomas is a private, Catholic, liberal arts, and archdiocesan university located in St. Paul and Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States. Founded in 1885 as a Catholic seminary, it is named after Thomas Aquinas, the medieval Catholic theologian and philosopher who was the patron saint of students in the Roman Catholic Church. UST currently enrolls more than 10,000 students, making it one of Minnesota's largest private universities. Father Dennis Dease became the 14th president in the history of the University in 1991, and was succeeded by Dr. Julie Sullivan in 2013. Wikipedia.

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Dabrowski-Tumanski P.,University of Warsaw | Jarmolinska A.I.,University of Warsaw | Niemyska W.,University of Warsaw | Niemyska W.,University of Silesia | And 3 more authors.
Nucleic Acids Research | Year: 2017

Protein chains are known to fold into topologically complex shapes, such as knots, slipknots or complex lassos. This complex topology of the chain can be considered as an additional feature of a protein, separate from secondary and tertiary structures. Moreover, the complex topology can be defined also as one additional structural level. The LinkProt database ( collects and displays information about protein links - topologically non-trivial structures made by up to four chains and complexes of chains (e.g. in capsids). The database presents deterministic links (with loops closed, e.g. by two disulfide bonds), links formed probabilistically and macromolecular links. The structures are classified according to their topology and presented using the minimal surface area method. The database is also equipped with basic tools which allow users to analyze the topology of arbitrary (bio)polymers. © The Author(s) 2016.

Jamroz M.,University of Warsaw | Niemyska W.,University of Silesia | Rawdon E.J.,University of St. Thomas, Minnesota | Stasiak A.,University of Lausanne | And 4 more authors.
Nucleic Acids Research | Year: 2015

The protein topology database KnotProt,, collects information about protein structures with open polypeptide chains forming knots or slipknots. The knotting complexity of the cataloged proteins is presented in the form of a matrix diagram that shows users the knot type of the entire polypeptide chain and of each of its subchains. The pattern visible in the matrix gives the knotting fingerprint of a given protein and permits users to determine, for example, the minimal length of the knotted regions (knot's core size) or the depth of a knot, i.e. how many amino acids can be removed from either end of the cataloged protein structure before converting it from a knot to a different type of knot. In addition, the database presents extensive information about the biological functions, families and fold types of proteins with non-trivial knotting. As an additional feature, the KnotProt database enables users to submit protein or polymer chains and generate their knotting fingerprints. © The Author(s) 2014.

Eikenaar C.,Institute of Avian Research | Husak J.,University of St. Thomas, Minnesota | Escallon C.,Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University | Moore I.T.,Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
American Naturalist | Year: 2012

Latitudinal variation in life-history traits has been the focus of numerous investigations, but underlying hormonal mechanisms have received much less attention. Steroid hormones play a central role in vertebrate reproduction and may be associated with life-history trade-offs. Consequently, circulating concentrations of these hormones vary tremendously across vertebrates, yet interspecific geographic variation in male hormone concentrations has been studied in detail only in birds. We here report on such variation in amphibians and reptiles, confirming patterns observed in birds. Using phylogenetic comparative analyses, we found that in amphibians, but not in reptiles, testosterone and baseline corticosterone were positively related to latitude. Baseline corticosterone was negatively related to elevation in amphibians but not in reptiles. For both groups, testosterone concentrations were negatively related to breeding- season length. In addition, testosterone concentrations were positively correlated with baseline corticosterone in both groups. Our findings may best be explained by the hypothesis that shorter breeding seasons increase male-male competition, which may favor increased testosterone concentrations that modulate secondary sexual traits. Elevated energetic demands resulting from greater reproductive intensity may require higher baseline corticosterone. Thus, the positive relationship between testosterone and corticosterone in both groups suggests an energetic demand for testosterone-regulated behavior that is met with increased baseline glucocorticoid concentrations. © 2012 by The University of Chicago.

News Article | November 11, 2016

STEVENS POINT, WI, November 11, 2016-- Thomas W. Bertz, Retired Partner of Anderson O'Brien Law Firm , has been recognized for showing dedication, leadership and excellence in litigation.Worldwide Branding, the world's leading international personal branding organization, is proud to endorse the notable professional efforts and accomplishments of Thomas W. Bertz. A member in good standing, Mr. Bertz parlays years of experience into his professional network, and has been noted for achievements, leadership abilities, and the credentials he has provided in association with his Worldwide Branding membership.Though he has since retired, Mr. Bertz became a partner of the Anderson O'Brien Law Firm in 1974. In 2009, he was elected member of the Wisconsin Judicial Council, which consists of the governor, attorney general, Supreme Court Justice, Deans of the Marquette, and Wisconsin law schools. The chairs of the Senate and assembly judiciary committees, as well as other judicial and legal members, unanimously elected Mr. Bertz as chair in 2011.Mr. Bertz is licensed to practice by the State Bar of Wisconsin, the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Wisconsin, the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Wisconsin, the United States Court of Appeals for the 7th Circuit and the Supreme Court of the United States of America. Mr. Bertz earned a degree from the University of St. Thomas, Minnesota. In order to maintain connections with other legal professionals, he became a member of the ABA, The Federal Bar Association of the Western District of Washington and the State Bar of Wisconsin. In recognition of his hard work and dedication, he was named as an AV Preeminent Attorney in 2014, and he is recognized as one of the Top Attorneys in Wisconsin.Worldwide Branding has added Mr. Bertz to their distinguished Registry of Executives, Professionals and Entrepreneurs. While inclusion in Worldwide Branding is an honor, only small selections of members in each discipline are endorsed and promoted as leaders in their professional fields.About Worldwide BrandingFor more than 15 years, Worldwide Branding has been the leading, one-stop-shop, personal branding company, in the United States and abroad. From writing professional biographies and press releases, to creating and driving Internet traffic to personal websites, our team of branding experts tailor each product specifically for our clients' needs. From health care to finance to education and law, our constituents represent every major industry and occupation, at all career levels.For more information, please visit

Westerhaus M.,University of St. Thomas, Minnesota
Academic Medicine | Year: 2014

Research and clinical experience reliably and repeatedly demonstrate that the determinants of health are most accurately conceptualized as biosocial phenomena, in which health and disease emerge through the interaction between biology and the social environment. Increased appreciation of biosocial approaches have already driven change in premedical education and focused attention on population health in current U.S. health care reform. Medical education, however, places primary emphasis on biomedicine and often fails to emphasize and educate students and trainees about the social forces that shape disease and illness patterns. The authors of this Commentary argue that medical education requires a comprehensive transformation to incorporate rigorous biosocial training to ensure that all future health professionals are equipped with the knowledge and skills necessary to practice social medicine. Three distinct models for accomplishing such transformation are presented: SocMed’s monthlong, elective courses in Northern Uganda and Haiti; Harvard Medical School’s semester-long, required social medicine course; and the Lebanese American University’s curricular integration of social medicine throughout its entire four-year curriculum. Successful implementation of social medicine training requires the institutionalization of biosocial curricula; the utilization of innovative, engaging pedagogies; and the involvement of health professions students from broad demographic backgrounds and with all career interests. The achievement of such transformational and necessary change to medical education will prepare future health practitioners working in all settings to respond more proactively and comprehensively to the health needs of all populations. © 2014 by the Association of American Medical Colleges

Rajagopalan R.,University of St. Thomas, Minnesota
2015 IEEE Green Energy and Systems Conference, IGESC 2015 | Year: 2015

Smart grid uses bi directional flow of information to create a distributed and efficient energy delivery network. Some of the important objectives of a smart grid include improving energy efficiency, maximizing utility, reducing cost, and controlling emission. Smart grids use demand response as an effective strategy to address this challenge. Demand response uses real time scheduling to enable customers to modify their demand according to energy consumption costs. In this paper, we consider the problem of efficient scheduling of energy consumption of users in a smart grid. Efficient energy management involves tradeoffs between the cost associated with energy consumption and a utility function. The utility function can represent the living comfort of users or gross income of the utility company. The utility function is non decreasing with respect to total utilized power. Hence, it is important to understand the tradeoffs between energy consumption and utility. The main contribution of this work is the development of a multi-objective optimization framework for efficient energy scheduling in smart grids. A recently developed multi-objective evolutionary algorithm called the evolutionary multi-objective crowding algorithm (EMOCA) is adapted for simultaneously optimizing the energy cost and utility function subject to a constraint on the power generation capacity. Simulation results show that EMOCA demonstrates the advantages of multi-objective optimization and outperforms a widely used and well known multi-objective evolutionary algorithm. © 2015 IEEE.

Garske A.K.,University of St. Thomas, Minnesota | Lawyer C.R.,University of St. Thomas, Minnesota | Peterson B.M.,University of St. Thomas, Minnesota | Illig K.R.,University of St. Thomas, Minnesota
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

The orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) and piriform cortex are involved in encoding the predictive value of olfactory stimuli in rats, and neural responses to olfactory stimuli in these areas change as associations are learned. This experience-dependent plasticity mirrors task-related changes previously observed in mesocortical dopamine neurons, which have been implicated in learning the predictive value of cues. Although forms of associative learning can be found at all ages, cortical dopamine projections do not mature until after postnatal day 35 in the rat. We hypothesized that these changes in dopamine circuitry during the juvenile and adolescent periods would result in age-dependent differences in learning the predictive value of environmental cues. Using an odor-guided associative learning task, we found that adolescent rats learn the association between an odor and a palatable reward significantly more slowly than either juvenile or adult rats. Further, adolescent rats displayed greater distractibility during the task than either juvenile or adult rats. Using real-time quantitative PCR and immunohistochemical methods, we observed that the behavioral deficit in adolescence coincides with a significant increase in D1 dopamine receptor expression compared to juvenile rats in both the OFC and piriform cortex. Further, we found that both the slower learning and increased distractibility exhibited in adolescence could be alleviated by experience with the association task as a juvenile, or by an acute administration of a low dose of either the dopamine D1 receptor agonist SKF-38393 or the D2 receptor antagonist eticlopride. These results suggest that dopaminergic modulation of cortical function may be important for learning the predictive value of environmental stimuli, and that developmental changes in cortical dopaminergic circuitry may underlie age-related differences in associative learning. © 2013 Garske et al.

Rajagopalan R.,University of St. Thomas, Minnesota
2010 IEEE International Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference, I2MTC 2010 - Proceedings | Year: 2010

A recent approach for data fusion in wireless sensor networks involves the use of mobile agents that selectively visit the sensors and incrementally fuse the data, thereby eliminating the unnecessary transmission of irrelevant or non-critical data. The order of sensors visited along the route determines the quality of the fused data and the communication cost. The computation of mobile agent routes involves tradeoffs between energy consumption, path loss, and detection accuracy. For instance, as the number of sensors in the route increases, the quality of fused data improves but the energy consumption and path loss increase. This paper models the mobile agent routing problem as a multi-objective optimization problem, maximizing the total detected signal energy while minimizing the energy consumption and path loss. A recently developed multi-objective evolutionary algorithm called the evolutionary multi-objective crowding algorithm (EMOCA) is employed for obtaining the mobile agent routes. The performance of EMOCA is compared with a recently proposed combinatorial optimization approach. Simulation results show that EMOCA outperforms the combinatorial optimization approach for different network sizes clearly demonstrating the advantage of a multi-objective optimization approach. © 2010 IEEE.

Verhoeven A.,University of St. Thomas, Minnesota
New Phytologist | Year: 2014

Summary: Evergreens are faced with the challenge, during winter, of low temperatures in combination with light exposure, resulting in an imbalance between light absorption and its utilization via photosynthetic carbon reduction. To cope with excess light, evergreens increase their use of thermal energy dissipation, which occurs in a sustained form during winter. There are two forms of sustained thermal dissipation that occur in winter-stressed evergreens, characterized by their rate of reversal upon warming. A rapid form reverses within minutes to hours upon warming, while a slower form reverses over the course of days. The light environment and the severity of winter conditions both play a role in determining the relative amount of each type of sustained energy dissipation throughout the winter. It is suggested that the two forms of sustained dissipation observed in winter-stressed evergreens correspond to sustained forms of the two mechanisms of thermal energy dissipation proposed by Holzwarth and colleagues, with the rapidly reversible component corresponding to a sustained form of the energy-dependent form of thermal energy dissipation (qE) and the slowly reversible component corresponding to a sustained form of the zeaxanthin-dependent mechanism (qZ). Additional outstanding questions and future directions are discussed. © 2013 New Phytologist Trust.

Pawl T.J.,University of St. Thomas, Minnesota
American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly | Year: 2012

This article addresses a difficult case at the intersection of philosophical theology and truthmaker theory. I show that three views, together, lead to difficulties in providing truthmakers for truths of contingent predication, such as that the bread is white. These three views are: the Catholic dogma of transubstantiation, a standard truthmaker theory, and a trope (or accident) view of properties. I present and explain each of these three views, at each step noting their connections to the thought of St. Thomas Aquinas. After presenting the three views, I show why they entail a difficulty for providing truthmakers for truths of contingent predication, drawing on two cases that are not impossible, for all we know. I then present four ways that one can respond to this difficulty, afterward noting some shortcomings of those responses. © 2012, American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly.

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