Hengyang, China
Hengyang, China

This page describes a mainland Chinese university. For the identically-named Taiwan institution, see Nanhua University.The University of South China is a university in Hengyang, China, merged in 2000 by its two predecessors: the ] and ]. The University of South China, with a nation-wide enrollment, is administered by Hunan Provincial Government, and co-funded by Commission of Science, Technology and Industry for National Defence and a few other ministries of the central government.In October 2002, University of South China incorporated the Sixth Institute of National Nuclear Industry as its subordinating part and took over No. 415 Hospital as one of its affiliated hospitals. In July 2004, the Chinese People's Liberation Army Navy set up a training base for its reservist officers in University of South China. The University of South China was initially authorized to award bachelor degrees, and in 1986 began awarding master degrees. In 1991, it began to collaborate with other universities and research institutes in doctoral programs, and was authorized to award doctoral degrees in 2003.The university has 72 undergraduate majors, covering as many as 8 disciplinary areas . There are 6 provincial key disciplines, 5 disciplines administrated by the Chinese government, and 1 key discipline of national defence. 18 Programs are entitled to award Ph. D. degree, 124 MA or M.S. degrees, and 35 professional degrees. The mining engineering, nuclear technology and its application, pathology and pathological physiology, and pharmacology are Hunan provincial key construction disciplines. There are 2 ministerial key laboratories, i.e. the dissolution and mineral laboratory, the coordinating laboratory of the International Radon Calculation Program of IAEA in Asia, 1 provincial key laboratory, i.e. the radon laboratory.Nuclear science, medical science and environment-related science are the three pillarstones of the university.The university began its international student education in 2011, and there are now more than 50 students from 8 countries, most of them majoring in clinical medicine. Wikipedia.

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We previously reported that hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) produces protection in PC12 cells during 1-methy-4-phenylpyridinium ion (MPP(+)) challenge. The present study aims to clarify the mechanisms underlying the neuroprotective effects of H(2)S. We showed that both glybenclamide, an ATP-sensitive potassium (K(ATP)) channel blocker, and LY294002, a specific PI(3)K-AKT pathway inhibitor, reversed the neuroprotective effect of NaHS (a H(2)S donor) against MPP(+)-induced cytotoxicity to PC12 cells and that NaHS up-regulated the activity of AKT in PC12 cells, which was abolished by blockade of K(ATP) channels with glybenclamide. In addition, NaHS up-regulated the expression of Bcl-2 and blocked MPP(+)-induced down-regulation of Bcl-2, and this augmentation of Bcl-2 expression was prevented by both glybenclamide and LY294002. These data provided the evidence that the neuroprotective action of H(2)S against MPP(+) toxicity to PC12 cells is via the K(ATP)/PI(3)K/AKT/Bcl-2 pathway. We also demonstrated that NaHS attenuated the inhibitory effect of MPP(+) ERK1/2 activation in PC12 cells, whereas U0126, a specific MEK inhibitor, did not reverse the neuroprotective effect of NaHS, which indicated that attenuating MPP(+)-triggered down-regulation of ERK1/2 activation is involved in the protection of H(2)S against MPP(+) neurotoxicity, but ERK1/2 is not an essential effector mediating the neuroprotective effect of H(2)S. In conclusion, the present observations identify a crucial role of the K(ATP)/PI(3)K/AKT/Bcl-2 pathway in H(2)S-exerted neuroprotection against the toxicity of MPP(+). Findings from the present study will help shed light on the mechanisms of H(2)S-elicited neuroprotective effects on MPP(+) toxicity.

Feng S.,University of South China | Cao Z.,University of South China | Wang X.,CAS Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Reviews on Cancer | Year: 2013

Aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR), a cytosolic ligand-activated transcription factor, belongs to the member of bHLH/PAS family of heterodimeric transcriptional regulators and is widely expressed in a variety of animal species and humans. Recent animal and human data suggested that AHR is involved in various signaling pathways critical to cell normal homeostasis, which covers multiple aspects of physiology, such as cell proliferation and differentiation, gene regulation, cell motility and migration, inflammation and others. Dysregulation of these physiological processes is known to contribute to events such as tumor initiation, promotion, and progression. Increasing epidemiological and experimental animal data provided substantial support for an association between abnormal AHR function and cancer, implicating AHR may be a novel drug-interfering target for cancers. The proposed underlying mechanisms of its actions in cancer involved multiple aspects, (a) inhibiting the functional expression of the key anti-oncogenes (such as p53 and BRCA1), (b) promoting stem cells transforming and angiogenesis, (c) altering cell survival, proliferation and differentiation by influencing the physiologic processes of cell-cycle, apoptosis, cell contact-inhibition, metabolism and remodel of extracellular matrix, and cell-matrix interaction, (d) cross-talking with the signaling pathways of estrogen receptor and inflammation. This review aims to provide a brief overview of recent investigations into the role of AHR and the underlying mechanisms of its actions in cancer, which were explored by the new technologies emerging in recent years. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.

The APJ is a class A, rhodopsin-like G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) with high sequence similarity to the angiotensin receptor AT1. APJ has been shown to be widely expressed in humans tissues, including the central nervous system, cardiovascular system, adipocytes and others. APJ plays an important role in the occurrence and development of cardiovascular and metabolic diseases including atherosclerosis (AS), coronary heart disease (CAD), heart failure(HF), pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), myocardial hypertrophy and atrial fibrillation, especially hypertension. Previous researchers found that apelin/APJ could induce vasodilation and then reduce blood pressure. Despite APJ is closely associated with many diseases, there are no drugs that can activate or inhibit APJ directly. In the current review, we have summarized recently reported peptides, small molecule agonists and antagonists targeting APJ. Given the role of apelin/APJ in hypertension and other cardiovascular diseases, we believe that the peptides and compounds based on APJ will be developed for treatment of these diseases.

Wang D.,University of South China
Procedia Engineering | Year: 2011

With rapid development of cloud computing, data storage requirements from end-users are growing, demanding more capacity, more reliability and the capability to access information from anywhere. Cloud storage services meet this demand by providing transparent and reliable storage solutions. This paper proposes an efficient cloud storage mode for heterogeneous cloud infrastructures. The proposed model was verified and extensively tested with numerical examples. © 2011 Published by Elsevier Ltd.

Wang G.,University of South China | Wang G.,NRC Institute for Fuel Cell Innovation | Zhang L.,NRC Institute for Fuel Cell Innovation | Zhang J.,NRC Institute for Fuel Cell Innovation
Chemical Society Reviews | Year: 2012

In this critical review, metal oxides-based materials for electrochemical supercapacitor (ES) electrodes are reviewed in detail together with a brief review of carbon materials and conducting polymers. Their advantages, disadvantages, and performance in ES electrodes are discussed through extensive analysis of the literature, and new trends in material development are also reviewed. Two important future research directions are indicated and summarized, based on results published in the literature: the development of composite and nanostructured ES materials to overcome the major challenge posed by the low energy density of ES (476 references). © 2012 The Royal Society of Chemistry.

Lin Y.-W.,University of South China
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Proteins and Proteomics | Year: 2015

Heme proteins perform a large array of biological functions using the same heme cofactor. A primary method of regulating these diverse functions is the heme-protein cross-link, an important post-translational modification. This review presents an overview of the broad diversity of heme-protein cross-links, including Cys/SeCys -heme, Met-heme, His-heme, Trp/Tyr-heme, Glu/Asp-heme and Lys-heme cross-links, which have been discovered in the last three decades, with bond type ranging from C-S, C-Se, C-N, C-C to C-O. Many advances have been made in revealing the mechanisms of heme-protein cross-link formation, as well as the structural and functional roles. Moreover, most of these cross-links have been successfully recreated in natural or de novo proteins. These tremendous progresses have not only enhanced our knowledge of how cross-links fine-tune the structure and function of natural heme proteins, but also provided us powerful strategies for design of artificial heme proteins with functionalities beyond those of natural heme proteins. © 2015 Elsevier B.V.

Hu N.,University of South China
Journal of environmental radioactivity | Year: 2014

A field investigation was conducted for the vegetation composition and (226)Ra uptake by native plant species at a uranium mill tailings impoundment in South China. 80 species belonging to 67 genera in 32 families were recorded in the sampling sites. The Poaceae and Asteraceae were the dominant families colonizing the impoundment. The number of the plant species and vegetation community composition in the sampling sites seemed most closely related to the activities of (226)Ra and the pH value of the uranium tailings. The plant species in the sampling sites with relatively low activities of (226)Ra and relatively high pH value formed a relatively stable vegetation community. The plant species in the sampling sites with medium activities of (226)Ra and medium pH value formed the transitional vegetation community. The plant species in the sampling sites with relatively high activities of (226)Ra and relatively low pH value formed a simple unstable vegetation community that was similar to that on the unused grassland. The activities of (226)Ra and transfer factors (TFs) varied greatly with the plant species. The high activities of (226)Ra and TFs were found in the leaves of Pteris multifida (150.6 Bq/g of AW; 9.131), Pteridium aquilinum (122.2 Bq/g of AW; 7.409), and Dryopteris scottii (105.7 Bq/g of AW; 6.408). They satisfied the criteria for a hyperaccumulator for (226)Ra. They may be the candidates for phytoremediation of (226)Ra in the uranium mill tailings impoundment areas and the contaminated soils around. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Lin Y.-W.,University of South China
Proteins: Structure, Function and Bioinformatics | Year: 2011

Rational design of functional enzymes is a powerful strategy to gain deep insights into more complex native enzymes, such as nitric oxide reductase (NOR). Recently, we engineered a functional model of NOR by creating a two His and one Glu (2-His-1-Glu) non-heme iron center in sperm whale myoglobin (swMb L29E, F43H, H64, called Fe BMb(-His)). It was found that Fe BMb(-His) adopts a low-spin state with bis-His coordination in the absence of metal ions binding to the designed metal center. However, no structural information was available for the variant in this special spin state. We herein performed molecular modeling of Fe BMb(-His) and compared with the X-ray structure of its copper bound derivative, Cu(II)-CN --Fe BMb(-His), resolved recently at a high resolution (1.65 Å) (PDB entry 3MN0). The simulated structure shows that mutation of Leu to Glu at position 29 in the hydrophobic heme pocket alters the folding behavior of Mb. The hydrogen bond between Glu29 and His64 further plays a role in stabilizing the bis-His (His64/His93) coordination structure. This study offers an excellent example of using molecular modeling to gain insights in rational design of both structural and functional proteins. © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

Huang L.,University of South China
European review for medical and pharmacological sciences | Year: 2013

Recently, widespread interest has grown regarding melatonin treatment of hypertension including its cardioprotective effects. Studies in rodents indicate that melatonin plays a role in the pathogenesis of hypertension in rats with metabolic syndrome. Piromelatine, a melatonin agonist, serotonin 5-HT-1A and 5-HT-1D agonist and serotonin 5-HT2B antagonist is a multimodal agent with sleep promoting, anti-diabetic, analgesic, anti-neurodegenerative, anxiolytic and antidepressant potential, currently in development for the treatment of insomnia. In this report we assessed the effects of piromelatine and melatonin treatment on blood pressure in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and normotensive Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats. Five groups of 12-wk-old rats (10/group) were treated for 5 weeks with a vehicle, piromelatine (5, 15 and 50 mg/kg BW) and melatonin (10 mg/kg BW) and an age-matched WKY control group. Systolic blood pressure (tail-cuff method) was measured weekly at 9:00 a.m. and at 9:00 p.m. The rats body weight, plasma glucose, insulin, triglyceride, adiponectin, total cholesterol, HDL and LDL/VLDL cholesterol were also measured. Our results showed that both piromelatine and melatonin reduced SHR blood pressure significantly both during the morning and the evening. Piromelatine, but not melatonin, also reduced SHR body weight gain and both significantly decreased plasma glucose and insulin levels and increased adiponectin levels. Piromelatine, similar to melatonin, has an antihypertensive effect and also attenuates body weight, improves metabolic profiles and might be useful in the treatment of hypertension and the metabolic syndrome.

Han X.,University of South China
Computer Aided Geometric Design | Year: 2011

With a support on four consecutive subintervals, a class of general quartic splines are presented for a non-uniform knot vector. The splines have C2 continuity at simple knots and include the cubic non-uniform B-spline as a special case. Based on the given splines, piecewise quartic spline curves with three local shape parameters are given. The given spline curves can be C2∩G3 continuous by fixing some values of the curve's parameters. Without solving a linear system, the spline curves can also be used to interpolate sets of points with C2 continuity. The effects of varying the three shape parameters on the shape of the quartic spline curves are determined and illustrated. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.

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