Katowice, Poland
Katowice, Poland

The University of Silesia in Katowice is an autonomous state-run university in Silesia Province, Katowice, Poland.It should not be confused with a similarly named university in the Czech Republic, the Silesian University in Opava .The University of Silesia in Katowice offers higher education and research facilities. It offers undergraduate and masters programs, PhD studies, as well as postgraduate, postdoctoral research - habilitation, continuous education and training programs. Wikipedia.

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Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: BG-09-2016 | Award Amount: 15.49M | Year: 2016

The overall objective of INTAROS is to develop an integrated Arctic Observation System (iAOS) by extending, improving and unifying existing systems in the different regions of the Arctic. INTAROS will have a strong multidisciplinary focus, with tools for integration of data from atmosphere, ocean, cryosphere and terrestrial sciences, provided by institutions in Europe, North America and Asia. Satellite earth observation data plays an increasingly important role in such observing systems, because the amount of EO data for observing the global climate and environment grows year by year. In situ observing systems are much more limited due to logistical constraints and cost limitations. The sparseness of in situ data is therefore the largest gap in the overall observing system. INTAROS will assess strengths and weaknesses of existing observing systems and contribute with innovative solutions to fill some of the critical gaps in the in situ observing network. INTAROS will develop a platform, iAOS, to search for and access data from distributed databases. The evolution into a sustainable Arctic observing system requires coordination, mobilization and cooperation between the existing European and international infrastructures (in-situ and remote including space-based), the modeling communities and relevant stakeholder groups. INTAROS will include development of community-based observing systems, where local knowledge is merged with scientific data. An integrated Arctic Observation System will enable better-informed decisions and better-documented processes within key sectors (e.g. local communities, shipping, tourism, fisheries), in order to strengthen the societal and economic role of the Arctic region and support the EU strategy for the Arctic and related maritime and environmental policies.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SSH.2013.5.1-1 | Award Amount: 3.09M | Year: 2014

Since 2008, Europe has been shaken by an ongoing crisis. If relevant parts of populations are exposed to socioeconomic risks, it is a distinctive characteristic of European political ethics that they must not be left alone, but should be subject to support and solidarity by budget support policy, economic development policies and social policy at different levels. But, in analogy with medical and psychological findings, some parts of the vulnerable population, although experiencing the same living conditions as others, are developing resilience, which in our context means that they perform social, economic and cultural practices and habits which protect them from suffer and harm and support sustainable patterns of coping and adaption. This resilience to socioeconomic crises at household levels is the focus of the proposed project. It can consist of identity patterns, knowledge, family or community relations, cultural and social as well as economic practices, be they formal or informal. Welfare states, labour markets and economic policies at both macro or meso level form the context or environment of those resilience patterns. For reasons of coping with the crisis without leaving the common ground of the implicit European social model (or the unwritten confession to the welfare state) under extremely bad monetary conditions in many countries, and for reasons of maintaining quality of life and improving social policy, it is a highly interesting perspective to learn from emergent processes of resilience development and their preconditions. Thus, the main questions are directed at understanding patterns and dimensions of resilience at micro-/household level in different types of European member and neighbour states accounting for regional varieties, relevant internal and external conditions and resources as well as influences on these patterns by social, economic or labour market policy as well as legal regulations.

Gluza J.,University of Silesia | Jelinski T.,University of Silesia
Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics | Year: 2015

We show that the excess in the pp→eejj CMS data can be naturally interpreted within the Minimal Left-Right Symmetric model (MLRSM), keeping gL=gR, if CP phases and non-degenerate masses of heavy neutrinos are taken into account. As an additional benefit, a natural interpretation of the reported ratio (14:1) of the opposite-sign (OS) pp→l±l∓jj to the same-sign (SS) pp→l±l±jj lepton signals is possible. Finally, a suppression of muon pairs with respect to electron pairs in the pp→lljj data is obtained, in accordance with experimental data. If the excess in the CMS data survives in the future, it would be a first clear hint towards presence of heavy neutrinos in right-handed charged currents with specific CP phases, mixing angles and masses, which will have far reaching consequences for particle physics directions. © 2015.

Kolodziej K.,University of Silesia
Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics | Year: 2012

An influence of the anomalous. Wtb coupling on forward-backward asymmetry in top quark pair production at the Tevatron is investigated taking into account decays of the top quarks to 6 fermion final states containing one charged lepton. To this end the most general effective Lagrangian of the Wtb interaction containing terms of dimension up to five is implemented into carlomat, a general purpose Monte Carlo program, which allows to compute automatically all necessary cross sections in the presence of anomalous vector and tensor form factors. A sample of results which illustrate little effect of the left- and right-handed tensor form factors on the tt invariant mass dependent forward-backward asymmetry and the charge-signed rapidity distribution of the lepton originating from the W boson from top quark decay is shown. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.

Nowadays, we can observe a rapid transition of the knowledge society to the society of global competence, in which both the global economy and the education systems are undergoing changes. It is evident, that without an active implementation of innovative forms and methods of education, and above all, distance learning at all levels of education these objectives cannot be successfully achieved. At the same time we should identify an existing problem - the fact that e-learning methodology is not yet fully developed and specified, both within the EU and in Ukraine. Developing and implementation of the system designed to develop IT competences of contemporary specialist, in particularly the future teachers, current teacher, leadership, based on the systematic use of selected Internet technologies, such as some LCMS systems (as Moodle), Massive Open Online Courses, virtual classroom technology, social media, other selected Web 2.0 and Web 3.0. technology positively contributes to the development of skills in the area of IT and intercultural competences. The IRNet project aims to set up a thematic multidisciplinary joint exchange programme dedicated to research and development of new tools for advanced pedagogical science in the field of ICT instruments, distance learning and intercultural competences in EU (Poland, Netherlands, Spain, Portugal, Slovakia) and Third Countries (Australia, Russia, Ukraine. The programme will strenghteen existing collaboration and establish new scientific contacts through mutual secondments of researchers. The main objectives of the project are: 1.to exchange expertise and knowledge in the field of the innovative techniques of education between EU and Third Countries and suggest effective strategies of implementing new tools in their profession; 2.to analyze and evaluate social, economic, legal conditions, as well as methodologies and e-learning techniques being developed in the European and Third Countries involved.

The subject of the invention comprises method of determination of distortion value and/or distortion correction value for a projection image obtained during computer tomography routine, with application, in particular, in control of the scanning process. The method is characterised in that during the first stage, during object scanning, the value of image distortion and/or its possible change present in individual projection images is determined, by determining the central point, namely the detector spot which receives the most intense irradiation from the X-ray source and/or by determination of calibration image and projection image parameter deviation and/or by comparison of projection images, including comparison of projection images with calibration images. The second stage includes an optional correction of projection image distortion, or when the distortion value exceeds the permitted limit during scanning, the scanning is automatically aborted, and the stage of projection image distortion correction takes place using the value of image distortion and/or its change determined during the first stage, or by skipping the first stage.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2013.6.3 | Award Amount: 3.35M | Year: 2014

The proposed project is an interdisciplinary effort of specialists from water management and ICT research respectively to develop an intelligent Integrated Support System for Efficient WATer USage and resources management (ISS-EWATUS). The project will develop several innovative ICT methods aiming to exploit\nthe untapped water-saving potential in EU. The overall goal will be achieved by developing an innovative, multi-factor system capable to optimise water management and reduce water usage.\n\nAt household level:\na) an information system for gathering data about water usage is planned to increase the awareness of water consumption; the data will be interpreted and presented to household consumers in an understandable way using mobile devices (smartphones, tablets),\nb) a household Decision Support System (DSS) will be developed for mobile devices to reduce water consumption. Recommendations regarding water-saving devices and behaviour will be produced,\nc) a social-media platform will be developed to reinforce water-saving behaviour of consumers via the social interactions among users (and between consumers and experts of water-saving techniques).\n\nAt urban level:\na) an innovative decision support system for reducing leaks in the water delivery system will be built based on the dynamic modifications of pumping schedules to reduce leakages at municipal level,\nb) an adaptive pricing policy will be developed as the economic instrument to induce water-saving behaviour\nand reduce peaks in water and energy distribution loads.\n\nBeing validated at two differently characterised locations, the ISS-EWATUS will be sufficiently flexible to be exploited in any EU location. Appropriate training, manuals and dissemination will give people across EU an efficient tool for water conservation. The solutions of ISS-EWATUS for households will be available on the mobile applications portals. The rest of solutions will be offered to water management companies in EU.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2014-ETN | Award Amount: 3.73M | Year: 2015

The physical and psychosocial impact of armed conflict on children is immense and particularly so, if these children are associated with the enemy. Overwhelming evidence suggests that children born of war (CBOW), i.e. children fathered by foreign soldiers and born to local mothers have been and continue to be a major obstacle to successful integration of both their mothers and themselves into post-conflict societies. At a global level, previous UN studies have further emphasized the lack of research on children born out of forced pregnancies in armed conflict. The proposed network addresses the described shortcomings by advancing the knowledge base through systematic analysis of lived experiences of CBOW in a variety of 20th century conflict and post-conflict situations. The main research goal is to further our understanding of how (if at all) CBOW in conflict and post-conflict situations are integrated into society; how (if at all) militaries, governments, and nongovernmental policy makers assist this integration process; and how the childrens lived experiences reflect broader societal attitudes to memories of war and vice versa. Our vision is to promote scientific excellence by exploiting the specific research expertise and infrastructure of the co-ordinating partner and all participants in order to advance the research competencies and employability of early career researchers. Their enhanced understanding of the challenges of CBOW in volatile societies will inform the normative debates and, ultimately, policies on the reintegration of CBOW into post-conflict societies. By combining historical, social empirical, psychiatric, political, legal, memory, public health and development studies with the discourse surrounding currently enacted humanitarian intervention, insights gained from this network will surpass existing knowledge and will help improve on current integration efforts.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: EINFRA-9-2015 | Award Amount: 7.64M | Year: 2015

OpenDreamKit will deliver a flexible toolkit enabling research groups to set up Virtual Research Environments, customised to meet the varied needs of research projects in pure mathematics and applications and supporting the full research life-cycle from exploration, through proof and publication, to archival and sharing of data and code. OpenDreamKit will be built out of a sustainable ecosystem of community-developed open software, databases, and services, including popular tools such as LinBox, MPIR, Sage(sagemath.org), GAP, PariGP, LMFDB, and Singular. We will extend the Jupyter Notebook environment to provide a flexible UI. By improving and unifying existing building blocks, OpenDreamKit will maximise both sustainability and impact, with beneficiaries extending to scientific computing, physics, chemistry, biology and more and including researchers, teachers, and industrial practitioners. We will define a novel component-based VRE architecture and the adapt existing mathematical software, databases, and UI components to work well within it on varied platforms. Interfaces to standard HPC and grid services will be built in. Our architecture will be informed by recent research into the sociology of mathematical collaboration, so as to properly support actual research practice. The ease of set up, adaptability and global impact will be demonstrated in a variety of demonstrator VREs. We will ourselves study the social challenges associated with large-scale open source code development and of publications based on executable documents, to ensure sustainability. OpenDreamKit will be conducted by a Europe-wide demand-steered collaboration, including leading mathematicians, computational researchers, and software developers long track record of delivering innovative open source software solutions for their respective communities. All produced code and tools will be open source.

The core of the invention lies in a method of determination of physical parameters of the object (3) imaged using computer tomograph, in particular determination of absolute parameters of physical density and/or X-ray absorption coefficient, wherein the reference (2) of the determined physical parameters is installed between the X-ray source (4) and the detector (1) or, advantageously, directly on the detector (1), outside the rotating tomograph platform where the scanned object (3) is placed, followed by object scanning, during which the images of tomographic projections record simultaneously the two-dimensional image of the studied object and the two-dimensional image of the reference, where for at least one projection for at least one reference area the value of image greyscale intensity is performed in relative units by readout of pixel value from the projection image, which reflects the X-ray radiation intensity in greyscale after passing through the scanner chamber and the reference, and the obtained results are used as a basis for calculations of coefficients of calibration function, preferably using linear regression, then the calibration function is substituted with a variable, namely the value determined from the pixel value from the projection image, which reflects the intensity of X-rays in greyscale after passing through the scanner chamber and the scanned object and the value of calibration function is calculated, reflecting the value of the physical parameter and it is stored, preferably in the same pixel in the projection, then on the basis of thus determined projection a computer image reconstruction takes place, the result of which represents in the absolute scale values of the determined physical parameter. The core of the invention is also contained in the equipment for using this method.

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