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Eveleigh, Australia

Ramos T.B.,University of Lisbon | Horta A.,The University of Sidney | Goncalves M.C.,University of Lisbon | Goncalves M.C.,National Institute of Agronomic and Veterinarian Research | And 2 more authors.
Geoderma | Year: 2014

Most pedotransfer functions (PTFs) have adopted soil texture information as the main predictor to estimate soil hydraulic properties, whether inputs are defined in terms of the relative proportion of different grain size particles or texture-based classifications. The objective of this study was to develop ternary diagrams for estimating soil water retention (θ) at -33 and -1500kPa matric potentials, corresponding to the field capacity and wilting point, respectively, from particle size distribution using two geostatistical approaches. The texture triangle was divided into a 1% grid of soil texture composition resulting in 4332 different soil textures. Measured soil water retention values determined in 742 soil horizons/layers located in Portugal were then used to develop and validate the hydraulic ternary diagrams. The development subset included two-thirds of the data, and the validation subset the remaining samples. The measured soil water content values were displayed in the ternary diagram according to the coordinates given by the particles size distribution determined in the same soil samples. The volumetric water content values were then predicted for the entire ternary diagram using two different geostatistical interpolation algorithms (ordinary kriging and the empirical best linear unbiased predictor). Uncertainty analysis resulted in a root mean square error below 0.040 and 0.034cm3cm-3 when comparing the interpolated water contents at -33 and -1500kPa matric potential values, respectively, with the measured ones included in the validation dataset. The estimation variance calculated with both methods was also considered to access the uncertainty of the predictions. The available water content of Portuguese soils was then derived from θ-33kPa and θ-1500kPa ternary diagrams developed with both approaches. The hydraulic ternary diagrams may thus serve as simplified tools for estimating water retention properties from particle size distribution and eventually serve as an alternative to the traditional statistical regression and data mining techniques used to derive PTFs. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. Source

Technological Resources Pty Ltd and The University Of Sidney | Date: 2014-01-16

This disclosure relates to updating an estimate for a material property of a volume, for example, updating the estimate of iron concentration in a block of a mine block model. The estimate is based on values of one or more model parameters. A processor receives a measurement of the material property outside the volume. Then, the processor determines updated values for the one or more model parameters based on the estimate and the measurement and determines an updated estimate for the material property of the volume based on the updated values for the one or more model parameters and the measurement. Since a measurement outside the volume is used to determine updated model parameters and an updated estimate of that volume, the model is more accurate and the estimate for the material property of the volume is also more accurate although measurements within that volume are not available.

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