The University of Seville is a university in Seville, Spain. Founded under the name of Colegio Santa María de Jesús in 1505, it has a present student body of over 65,000, and is one of the top-ranked universities in the country. Seville is the 2000-year-old artistic, cultural, and financial capital of Andalusia in southern Spain; it is situated on the plain of the River Guadalquivir. Wikipedia.
University of Seville and Consejo Superior De Investigaciones Cientificas | Date: 2013-05-03
Device for edge detection and quality enhancement in an image which comprises a grouping of identical and locally interconnected elementary processing cells. Each processing cell is characterised in turn by a comparator which carries out in parallel the comparison of each pair of neighbouring pixels. The threshold voltage which establishes the difference in voltage between pixels considered to be part of an edge is determined by means of a temporary adjustment of a control signal. This adjustment, along with that of the filtering control signal, also temporary in nature, are the only ones necessary for configuring the required processing. No external analogue control signals are required making it easier to programme the hardware by the device which is used and reducing the number of digital/analogue converters of the final system.
University of Seville | Date: 2013-10-08
A device and method for the hardware detection of local edges in an image, comprised of a plurality of elemental cells for mixed signal processing, locally interconnected with each other, comprising in each cell a first switch configured to enable the pre-charging of a condenser at the supply voltage; and where once said condenser is pre-charged, it discharges via a second switch connected to a power source which varies in a monotonically increasing manner with the analogue voltage representing the value of the pixel concerned; and where the value of the pixel is compared asynchronously with the neighbouring pixels of the neighbouring cells via two inverters, a digital NOR gate, a digital NAND gate, a third and fourth switch and a memory feature to store the result.
Servicio Andaluz De Salud and University of Seville | Date: 2013-06-05
The invention describes a method for obtaining data useful for the diagnosis, prognosis and classification of individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and/or lung cancer, diagnostic kit, device and uses thereof for the diagnosis, prognosis and classification of patients as a) individuals with no COPD or lung cancer, b) individuals with COPD, c) individuals with adenocarcinoma, d) individuals with COPD and adenocarcinoma, or e) individuals with COPD and squamous carcinoma
Cabello A.,University of Seville
Physical Review Letters
We show that the maximum quantum violation of the Klyachko-Can- Binicioǧlu-Shumovsky (KCBS) inequality is exactly the maximum value satisfying the following principle: The sum of probabilities of pairwise exclusive events cannot exceed 1. We call this principle "global exclusivity," since its power shows up when it is applied to global events resulting from enlarged scenarios in which the events in the inequality are considered jointly with other events. We identify scenarios in which this principle singles out quantum contextuality, and show that a recent proof excluding nonlocal boxes follows from the maximum violation imposed by this principle to the KCBS inequality. © 2013 American Physical Society. Source
Campos-Rodriguez F.,University of Seville
Annals of internal medicine
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a risk factor for cardiovascular death in men, but whether it is also a risk factor in women is unknown. To investigate whether OSA is a risk factor for cardiovascular death in women and assess whether continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment is associated with a change in risk. Prospective, observational cohort study. 2 sleep clinics in Spain. All women consecutively referred for suspected OSA between 1998 and 2007. Every woman had a diagnostic sleep study. Women with an apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) less than 10 were the control group. Obstructive sleep apnea was diagnosed when the AHI was 10 or higher (classified as mild to moderate [AHI of 10 to 29] or severe [AHI ≥30]). Patients with OSA were classified as CPAP-treated (adherence ≥4 hours per day) or untreated (adherence <4 hours per day or not prescribed). Participants were followed until December 2009. The end point was cardiovascular death. 1116 women were studied (median follow-up, 72 months [interquartile range, 52 to 88 months]). The control group had a lower cardiovascular mortality rate (0.28 per 100 person-years [95% CI, 0.10 to 0.91]) than the untreated groups with mild to moderate OSA (0.94 per 100 person-years [CI, 0.10 to 2.40]; P = 0.034) or severe OSA (3.71 per 100 person-years [CI, 0.09 to 7.50]; P < 0.001). Compared with the control group, the fully adjusted hazard ratios for cardiovascular mortality were 3.50 (CI, 1.23 to 9.98) for the untreated, severe OSA group; 0.55 (CI, 0.17 to 1.74) for the CPAP-treated, severe OSA group; 1.60 (CI, 0.52 to 4.90) for the untreated, mild to moderate OSA group; and 0.19 (CI, 0.02 to 1.67) for the CPAP-treated, mild to moderate OSA group. The study was observational and not randomized, and OSA was diagnosed by 2 different methods. Severe OSA is associated with cardiovascular death in women, and adequate CPAP treatment may reduce this risk. None. Source