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Sao Paulo, Brazil

This was a retrospective study, which aimed to describe the profile of nursing diagnoses of 31 patients starting hemodialysis treatment in a hemodialysis clinic in the South Zone of São Paulo. The survey was conducted from patients' records. The data used included: patient identification, underlying disease, data from physical examination notes and multidisciplinary evaluations. The most prevalent nursing diagnoses included: ineffective renal tissue perfusion (100.0%), risk for infection (100.0%), innefective protection (80.6%) and ineffective management of therapeutic regimen (54.8%). It was concluded that the identification of the profile of nursing diagnoses of these patients is essential for the planning of nursing care after initiation of hemodialysis.

Marques I.R.,University of Santo Amaro
Revista brasileira de enfermagem | Year: 2010

Because of the advances made with the industrial revolution through technological discoveries in machinery, professional-patient relationship has become increasingly automated, leaving the humanization in the background. The purpose of this paper was to reflect about the humanization process in intensive environments and its relation with the technology insertion. Technology contributes as an effective way to treat patients who require extreme care. However, if it is associated with humanization can achieves satisfactory results, improving the host of customer who receives the care provided by technology.

Schalka S.,University of Santo Amaro | dos Reis V.M.S.,University of Sao Paulo
Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia | Year: 2011

The Sun Protection Factor (SPF) is the most important data to quantify the effectiveness of a sunscreen, being universally accepted. The method is based on determining the minimum erythematous dose (MED), defined as the smallest amount of energy required for triggering the erythema, in areas of protected and unprotected skin. The SPF value is then calculated as the ratio between the MED of protected and unprotected skin. The first publication of a method for determining the SPF was presented in 1978 by the U.S. FDA agency, followed by other publications of FDA and other international regulatory agencies. Although considered the reference method for quantification of sunscreen efficacy of topical products, there are controversies in literature about the method for determining the SPF and the implications of the real conditions of use in the protection achieved in practice by users. © 2011 by Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia.

PURPOSE: To analyze the risk factors associated with obesity and overweight in school children of both sex. METHOD: Survey study carried out with 162 children students from a public school in the city of São Paulo, SP, Brazil. Data collection was obtained by means of a form with anthropometric data and about dietary habits. Data were analyzed using inferential statistics. RESULTS: Obese and over weighted children represent 38.2% of the sample. Relevant associated risk factor was the use of soda beverages and the practice of physical exercises. CONCLUSION: The study highlighted the presence of obesity and overweight in the sample under study, confirming the global trend of change in the nutritional profile of the population in general.

Epstein M.G.,University of Santo Amaro
Einstein (São Paulo, Brazil) | Year: 2012

Non-iatrogenic traumatic cervical esophageal perforations are usually hard to manage in the clinical setting, and often require a careful and individualized approach. The low incidence of this particular problem leads to a restricted clinical experience among most centers and justify the lack of a standardized surgical approach. Conservative treatment of esophageal perforation remains a controversial topic, although early and sporadic reports have registered the efficacy of non-operative care, especially following perforation in patients that do not sustain any other kind of injuries, and who are hemodynamically stable and non-septic. We report a case of a patient sustaining a single cervical gunshot wound compromising the cervical esophagus and who was treated exclusively with cervical drainage, enteral support and antibiotics.

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