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Guatemala City, Guatemala

The Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala It is the biggest and oldest university of Guatemala, also it is the fourth founded in the Americas.The transcendence of its students and itself has been seen in many important times, since the independence of Guatemala, Guatemalan Revolution, Guatemalan Civil War, and even today.The main campus is located on University City, zone 12 of Guatemala City, being the biggest one of Central America. It also has several extension branches on every region of the country, and a metropolitan center where the Medicine and Psychology Faculties operate. Wikipedia.

Becerril-Montekio V.,Instituto Nacional Of Salud Publica | Lopez-Davila L.,University of San Carlos of Guatemala
Salud Publica de Mexico

This paper describes the health conditions in Guatemala and, in more detail, the characteristics of the Guatemalan health system, including its structure en coverage, its financial sources, the stewardship functions developed by the Ministry of Health, as well as the generation of health information and the development of research activities. It also discusses the recent efforts to extend coverage of essential health services, mostly to poor rural areas. The most recent innovations also discussed in this paper include the Program for the Expansion of Coverage of Essential Services, the Program to Expand Access to Essential Drugs and the agreements between the Ministry of Health and several non-governmental organizations to provide essential services in rural settings. Source

Turcios A.E.,Institute For Botanik | Turcios A.E.,University of San Carlos of Guatemala | Papenbrock J.,Institute For Botanik
Sustainability (Switzerland)

Many aquaculture systems generate high amounts of wastewater containing compounds such as suspended solids, total nitrogen and total phosphorus. Today, aquaculture is imperative because fish demand is increasing. However, the load of waste is directly proportional to the fish production. Therefore, it is necessary to develop more intensive fish culture with efficient systems for wastewater treatment. A number of physical, chemical and biological methods used in conventional wastewater treatment have been applied in aquaculture systems. Constructed wetlands technology is becoming more and more important in recirculating aquaculture systems (RAS) because wetlands have proven to be well-established and a cost-effective method for treating wastewater. This review gives an overview about possibilities to avoid the pollution of water resources; it focuses initially on the use of systems combining aquaculture and plants with a historical review of aquaculture and the treatment of its effluents. It discusses the present state, taking into account the load of pollutants in wastewater such as nitrates and phosphates, and finishes with recommendations to prevent or at least reduce the pollution of water resources in the future. Source

De Leon Ayala I.A.,Kaohsiung Medical University | De Leon Ayala I.A.,University of San Carlos of Guatemala | Chen Y.-F.,Kaohsiung Medical University
Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences

The aorta, which has a complex intrinsic biology and sophisticated mechanical properties for conducting the blood ejected from the left ventricle to the rest of the systemic arterial bed, is the largest and strongest artery in the body. It carries roughly 200 million liters of blood in an average lifetime. Any process that undermines the architecture threatens the structure, stability, and functionality of the aorta. In this regard, acute aortic dissection (AAD) requires special attention because it is the most catastrophic acute illness of the aorta; it has high morbidity and mortality because of potentially fatal complications. AAD has, therefore, become an important topic of recent research, and knowledge about this disease has improved during the past few years. Up-to-date knowledge about the natural history, epidemiology, presentation, physiopathology, evolution, management, follow-up, and long-term outcomes of AAD are summarized in this review. © 2012, Elsevier Taiwan LLC. All rights reserved. Source

Introduction: Universidad San Carlos de Guatemala is the educational institution that hosts the Faculty of Medical Sciences but this center does not have any PhD studies in Sciences that would favor the strengthening of its role which has been that of setting closer linking with the state, the society and the industrial sector and thus contributing to the search for solutions to problems and to priority needs of the country. Objectives: to show the design of the curriculum for the formation of PH D in public health of the Faculty of Medical Sciences of the Universidad San Carlos de Guatemala. Methods: quantitative and qualitative techniques were jointly used as well as official document reviews related to the rules and norms set for this type of program. Results: the program is made up of 5 areas that provide output to several contents that help to deepen into the knowledge of public health, particularly research whereas the teaching curricular activities are carried out in three years in the semi face-to-face modality. Conclusions: at the end of each course, thesis seminar or thematic seminar, a learning product is obtained; there were prepared as part of the process the guidelines that allowed the participants to make their papers in due time for handing them in. The experts believed that the program had a logical order, is truly suitable for Guatemala and particularly for the Faculty of Medical Sciences. © 2016, BIOFLUX SRL. All rights reserved. Source

The objective of this study was to determine the risk factors for overweight and obesity in children of Imbabura province (Ecuador). In a sample with random selection 450 students 6-12 years of age were chosen. In 22 urban and rural schools we evaluated overweight and obesity with Body Mass Index (BMI) for age, arm skinfold and shoulder and abdomen circumference. We define overweight with BMI for age between 85 to 95 percentile and obesity above percentile 95 and obesity was confirmed by measurement of skinfold above percentile 90. We assessed energetic intake, physical activity and socio demographics aspects by a questionnaire. The prevalence of overweight and obesity was 13.6% (10% overweight and 3.6 % obese). This problem was higher in children from private schools. Average daily energy ingest was 2,195 Kcal. Poor physical activity was another associated factor, 25.1% of assessed children watched over 3 hours of television daily but we didn't find association between television use and overweight and obesity. Logistic regression analysis shows risk factor for overweight and obesity the preference of drink soda (OR 2.7 IC 95% 1, 3-5.3), sons of mothers with remunerated job (OR 2.5, IC 95% 1.3-4.8), poor physical activity (OR 1.6 IC 95% 1.2-2.2) and go to school by some kind of transport (OR 2.0 IC 95% 1.4-3.0); the preference for orange juice was a factor of protection (OR0, 3 IC 95% 0.15-0.8). Source

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