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The purpose of this research was to evaluate the relationship of the resilience, illness perception, beliefs and spiritual-religious coping on health-related quality of life in 40 patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease diagnosis from the city of Medellín, Colombia. Instruments: resilience scale RS, the connor-davidson resilience Scale CD-RISC2, the brief illness perception questionnaire IPQ-B, systems of beliefs inventory SBI-15R, spiritual coping scale SCS, medical outcomes study short form 36 ítems MOS SF-36. To level results there were positive correlations between resilience and mental health and multiple linear regression analysis personal control and consequences of illness perception had significant weight on the summary mental index of the quality of life. In conclusion, the mental health in sharp crises meets altered by the worry in the physical, social, economic and emotional consequences that it brings the disease and personal control and resilience are variables that promote the emotional regulation in patients with COPD. © 2011 Sociedad Chilena de Psicología Clínica. Source


Diaz C.A.G.,University of San Buenaventura | Munoz P.G.,University of Granada | Castellar J.V.,University of Granada
Acta Colombiana de Psicologia | Year: 2011

There is a lack of validated instruments in Colombia for measuring the dimensions of emotional states in a reliable way. For this reason, this study was aimed at validating four sets of images of the International Affective Picture System (IAPS)in a Colombian sample and comparing the results with those found in Spanish and American samples in order to contribute to the instrument's cross-cultural validation. Participants were 404 people (175 men and 229 women) who assessed, through the Self-Assessment Manikin (SAM), 238 images belonging to sets 13, 14, 19 and 20 of the IAPS. Results showed the classical boomerang-shaped distribution of the pictures within the affective space, demarcated by the valence and arousal dimensions. These results are consistent with those found in other countries such as the United States, Spain, and Belgium. There is a greater dispersion and less inclination in the positive pole than in the negative pole and significant differences between men and women in the arousal dimension, showing a greater activation in women. Finally, these results are compared with those found in other countries and differences are identified in the dimensions of arousal and dominance, but not in valence. This supports the bio-informational model which states that valence is the main dimension around which emotions are organized. This research shows that the IAPS is a valid and reliable instrument to measure emotions. Source


Andrade A.,University of San Buenaventura
International Journal of Technology and Design Education | Year: 2011

As we have noticed from our own classroom experiences, children often find it difficult to identify the adequate operations learned in mathematics class when they are solving mechanical-operators problems in Technology class. We wanted to design a project that exploits the idea of a hands-on relationship between mathematics and technology to teach students the concept of 'transmission coefficient' in schools. Our purpose was to bridge mathematical knowledge and mechanical parts in technological devices. Our belief was that visual-tangible representations enhance human cognition by scaffolding the information process. We supplied a kit with rubber foam (Fomi) and balsa wood parts to construct an analogical clock. This included a series of gears to work with three different ratios. The project was conducted in 2007 and 2008, with 38 students ranging from 10 to 14 years of age. The students were from the 5th and 7th grades in two different schools. The project included six stages of both theory and hands-on work. In a final stage, the students were given a written test. All students were able to make workable systems of their design for a time-measuring device. This proved important for technological education. On the other hand, manipulating gears along with visual reasoning strategies allowed all students to achieve an understanding of operations with fractions. We think this is a major achievement in mathematical education. © 2009 Springer Science+Business Media B.V. Source


Cabezas I.,University of San Buenaventura
Proceedings - Frontiers in Education Conference, FIE | Year: 2015

The main contribution of this paper is the introduction of a continuous improvement cycle for devising teaching scenarios and conducting learning experiences in engineering. The proposed cycle consists of seven steps on which gamification theory and ABET criteria are combined. It arose from the adaptation of a gamification design framework, commonly used in industry, into the specific context of high quality education in engineering. It is formulated at high level. Consequently, it should be useful for practitioners having different requirements and expectations. A developed practice, following the proposed cycle, is presented, discussed and evaluated. In particular, the proposal is applied and exemplified, in a scenario for teaching introductory concepts of computer programming in a first-year course. A digital game was used within a gamified learning experience, as a teaching tool. However, the learning process does not rely solely on the use of the game by itself. Moreover, the devised scenario has a purpose beyond edutainment: contributing to achievement of student outcomes, under a continuous improvement approach, according to ABET. A quantitative and qualitative evaluation of the developed practice was performed. A positive impact on students' emotional engagement and behavior was observed as a result of the evaluation process. © 2015 IEEE. Source


For any product, it is well known that the quality determines the purchase decision, but for the food industry, this becomes a critical factor that determines the entire production chain, from development to display at a point of sale. From this perspective, through history it has extensively researched the effect exerted by different treatments of preservation and transformation on the overall quality of food products. However, understanding the concept of overall quality that is known by consumers transcends the chemical, microbiological and nutritional qualities, it is also necessary to consider the importance of the organoleptic characteristics of food products. In the specific case of foods of agricultural origin, a common objective is to obtain high quality products with a long shelf life, higher added value and with the least disturbance to their nutritional properties. This approach itself becomes a challenge for the development of technologies that can satisfy these requirements; however, when small farmers are involved as key actors in the agroindustrial chain, the challenge becomes bigger, it is necessary to propose technological alternatives in addition to what has already been described, are simple, relatively inexpensive and easy to implement. While it is important to ensure the overall quality of food products, for small producers it is essential in getting your product attractive, so the sensory characteristics must become one of the focuses of interest. Thus, once the technologies that contribute to produce a nutritive food that is chemically and microbiologically stable, serve properties such as color could give it a significant advantage in the market, causing it to configure as your greatest ally and more spoiled attribute. In this paper, I will briefly discuss about some processing and preservation technologies that affect the physicochemical properties of food products, specially color, and could be implemented by small producers to expand their market share of products with higher added value. © 2016, Universidad de Antioquia. All rights reserved. Source

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