Ahlrichs C.,neusta mobile solutions GmbH NMS |
Sama A.,Polytechnic University of Catalonia |
Lawo M.,University of Bremen |
Cabestany J.,Polytechnic University of Catalonia |
And 13 more authors.
Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing | Year: 2015
Freezing of gait (FOG) is a common motor symptom of Parkinson’s disease (PD), which presents itself as an inability to initiate or continue gait. This paper presents a method to monitor FOG episodes based only on acceleration measurements obtained from a waist-worn device.Three approximations of this method are tested. Initially, FOG is directly detected by a support vector machine (SVM).Then, classifier’s outputs are aggregated over time to determine a confidence value, which is used for the final classification of freezing (i.e., second and third approach).All variations are trained with signals of 15 patients and evaluated with signals from another 5 patients. Using a linear SVM kernel, the third approach provides 98.7 % accuracy and a geometric mean of 96.1 %. Moreover, it is investigated whether frequency features are enough to reliably detect FOG.Results show that these features allow the method to detect FOG with accuracies above 90 % and that frequency features enable a reliable monitoring of FOG by using simply a waist sensor. © 2015 International Federation for Medical and Biological Engineering Source