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Redlands, CA, United States

The University of Redlands is a private liberal arts university located in Redlands, California, United States. The university's main campus is situated on 160 acres near downtown Redlands. Founded in 1907 as a Baptist institution, the school is now independent and ended compulsory religious services in 1972, although it maintains an informal relationship with the group American Baptist Churches USA. In 2012, U.S. News & World Report ranked Redlands 11th among regional universities in the western United States and in 2010, it was rated 7th in the western United States for its Master's degree programs. Wikipedia.

Rathbun J.A.,University of Redlands | Spencer J.R.,Southwest Research Institute

Since before the beginning of the Galileo spacecraft's Jupiter orbital tour, we have observed Io from the ground using NASA's Infrared Telescope Facility (IRTF). We obtained images of Io in reflected sunlight and in-eclipse at 2.3, 3.5, and 4.8μm. In addition, we have measured the 3.5μm brightness of an eclipsed Io as it is occulted by Jupiter. These lightcurves enable us to measure the brightness and one-dimensional location of active volcanoes on the surface. During the Galileo era, two volcanoes were observed to be regularly active: Loki and either Kanehekili and/or Janus. At least 12 other active volcanoes were observed for shorter periods of time, including one distinguishable in images that include reflected sunlight. These data can be used to compare volcano types and test volcano eruption models, such as the lava lake model for Loki. © 2010 Elsevier Inc. Source

Weaver R.C.,University of Redlands | Bagchi-Sen S.,State University of New York at Buffalo
Annals of the Association of American Geographers

This article proposes an analytical framework of neighborhood decline grounded in evolutionary multilevel selection (MLS) theory. We demonstrate that MLS allows for the unification of at least two distinct theoretical approaches-the ecological and the political economy approaches-to analyzing urban change. From these developments we generate three hypotheses about intracity dynamics. The hypotheses are tested with longitudinal data using space-time regression, simulation, and spatial hedonic methods. The methodology and results reveal that qualitative neighborhood change is endogenously determined through the actions of neighborhood households, but such that household actions and neighborhood sociospatial organization are shaped by externally driven sorting processes. Further, household behaviors are highly dependent on microlevel neighborhood contexts. These findings suggest that existing schools of neighborhood change are not mutually exclusive. Rather, their interplay at multiple spatial resolutions showcases the hierarchical and evolutionary nature of cities. Such insights can be usefully incorporated into urban policy discourses. © 2014 © 2014 by Association of American Geographers. Source

Weaver R.C.,University of Redlands | Bagchi-Sen S.,State University of New York at Buffalo
Applied Geography

Urban studies literature suggests that anti-blight resources are frequently deployed in arbitrary fashions for short-term political objectives, rather than in concentrated, empirically-driven ways intended to manage complex urban problems. This creates an ambiguous and subjective conceptualization of blight in practice, which often leads to mismatches between actual urban conditions and codified public policy targets. Therefore, this research points to the practical need for an operational definition of blight. It is reasonable to assume that focusing anti-blight efforts in spaces identified using empirical data will increase the efficiency of a city's policy efforts. To that end this paper quantifies blight with an approach that is replicable by virtually any city in the United States. We then examine blight patterns for a selected city using spatial clustering methods that highlight areas where policy intervention might be warranted. The findings demonstrate how spatial analysis combined with contextual urban geographic information can assist local policymakers in identifying and understanding the geographies of blight in their municipalities. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Ma R.,University of Redlands
Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing

A large amount of aerial photographs were acquired early 1900s for various purposes. These aerial photographs provide valuable baseline data for a variety of environmental studies. To be used for analysis together with other data, these photographs need to be referenced to a ground coordinate system. Often large topographical variations in photo ground coverage demand these photographs be orthorectified using photogrammetric methods for acceptable mapping accuracy. However, camera models for these historical photographs are usually unavailable. Additionally, land-cover change over the years makes it a great challenge to collect accurate control points for calculating camera models. This study investigated the rational function model to orthorectify historical aerial photographs. The analysis results suggest that while the linear, the 2nd order, and the 3rd order RFMs are all able to closely approximate the rigorous frame camera model, the linear RFM is optimal in representing imaging geometries of historical photographs. © 2013 American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing. Source

Goodyear R.K.,University of Houston | Goodyear R.K.,University of Redlands
Clinical Supervisor

The various supervision models each emphasize particular interventions. But to conceptualize supervision as a teaching-learning process permits a common framework and attention to supervision's basic change mechanisms. This article discusses the four learning strategies of modeling, feedback, direct instruction, and self-directed learning through reflective practice, arguing that their effects are mediated by the quality of the supervisory relationship. As well, it makes the case that feedback grounds a developmental continuum that extends from direct instruction when supervisees are learning new skills to reflective practice, which becomes increasingly prominent as the supervisee gains experience. © 2014 Copyright Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. Source

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