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Rajshahi, Bangladesh

University of Rajshahi or Rajshahi University is a public university located in Rajshahi, a city in north-western Bangladesh. University of Rajshahi was established in 1953, the second university to be established in what was then East Pakistan.The university's forty-seven departments are organized into nine faculties. Rajshahi University is located in a 753 acres campus in Motihar, 3 kilometres from the Rajshahi city center. With 25,000 students and close to 1000 academic staff, it is one of the largest universities in Bangladesh. In addition to hosting programs in the Engineering, arts, science, agriculture, social science, business studies and medical science, the university houses a number of institutes of higher studies. This is the premier university in Bangladesh to have online subscription of world renowned journals. Wikipedia.

Mondal M.I.H.,University of Rajshahi
Cellulose | Year: 2013

The structure of microbial cellulose (MC) produced by Acetobacter xylinum was studied in presence of Fluorescent Brightener, Direct Blue 1, 14, 15, 53, Direct Red 28, 75 and 79, as probe. X-ray diffraction pattern of the product showed that it was a crystalline complex of dye and cellulose. The product has the structure in which the monomolecular layer of the dye molecule is included between the cellulose sheets corresponding to the (110) planes of microbial cellulose. As a result of dye inclusion, d-spacing of lower angle plane (100) of products becomes 8. 0-8. 8 Å instead of 6. 1 Å of MC. The d-spacing for the higher angle plane must be (010) plane due to stronger van der Waals forces between the pyranose rings which reduced 5. 3 Å space of (110) plane of MC to 3. 9-4. 5 Å in the product. However, cellulose regenerated from FB, DR28 products was cellulose I and IV, respectively, and that from each DB1, 14, 15, 53, DR75 and 79 products was cellulose II. Solid state 13C NMR and deuteration-IR showed the product was non-crystalline which was contrasted to X-ray results. The regenerated celluloses were cellulose Iβ, IVI and II, respectively. Thus the structure of the product depends on the characteristics of dye which affects the conformation of cellulose at the nascent stage by the direct interaction with cellulose chains. The different regenerated celluloses as well as different fine structure in the same cellulose allomorph were produced depending mainly on number and position of the sulfonate groups in the dye. © 2013 The Author(s). Source

Ali Asgar M.,University of Rajshahi
International Journal of Food Properties | Year: 2013

Starch is the main carbohydrate in human nutrition. Starch digestibility can vary from a rapid digestion to indigestibility. Therefore, postprandial glycaemic control in type 2 diabetics is of great interest in the context of worldwide health concerns. Although powerful synthetic inhibitors of starch digestive enzymes, such as acarbose, are available to control postprandial hyperglycemia, plant-based enzyme inhibitors are potentially safer. Natural enzyme inhibitors, such as wheat albumin, the Phaseolus vulgaris -amylase inhibitor, and several phenolic compounds, have the potential to serve as a remedy against hyperglycemia-induced chronic diseases. The inhibition of -amylase and -glucosidase is mediated by different phenolics found in varieties of raspberry. Maltase inhibitory activities of chebulagic acid and chebulinic acid from fruit of Terminalia chebula are comparable to that of acarbose. The Nepalese herb Pakhanbhed (Bergenia ciliata) phenolics, (-)-3-O- galloylepicatechin and (-)-3-O-galloylcatechin, showed effective inhibition against starch digesting enzymes. In separate studies, oral administration of starch and maltose with persimmon (Diospyros kaki) leaf tea proanthocyanidins [containing (-)-epigallocatechin-3-O-gallate] and black/bitter cumin (Centratherum anthelminticum) seed phenolics, respectively, resulted in a significant and dose-dependent decrease in the blood glucose level in Wistar rats. Co-application of phenolics with synthetic enzyme inhibitors may reduce the effective dose of synthetic inhibitors required in the regulation of starch digestion. Several phenolic compounds might be useful functional food components and could contribute to manage both hyperglycemia and proper cellular redox status. Human dose-selecting studies and well-controlled long-term human studies would help to optimize the beneficial effects of phenolic compounds. © 2013 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC. Source

Antimalarial drugs (e.g. chloroquine and its close structural analogues) were developed primarily to treat malaria; however, they are beneficial for many dermatological, immunological, rheumatological and severe infectious diseases, for which they are used mostly today. Chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine, two of the most fascinating drugs developed in the last 50 years, are increasingly recognized for their effectiveness inmyriad non-malarial diseases. In advanced research, chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine have been shown to have various immunomodulatory and immunosuppressive effects, and currently have established roles in the management of rheumatic diseases, lupus erythematosus (different forms) and skin diseases, and in the treatment of different forms of cancer. Recently, chloroquine analogues have also been found to have metabolic, cardiovascular, antithrombotic and antineoplastic effects. This review is concerned with the lysosomotropic, anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory mechanisms of chloroquine, hydroxychloroquine, quinacrine and related analogues, and the current evidence for both their beneficial effects and potential adverse manifestations in various diseases. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the British Society for Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. All rights reserved. Source

Mystus vittatus (Bloch, 1794), an indigenous small fish of Bangladesh, belongs to the family Bagridae, widely distributed in Asian countries including Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Nepal and Myanmar. However, natural populations are seriously declining due to high fishing pressure, loss of habitats, aquatic pollution, natural disasters, reclamation of wetlands and excessive floodplain siltation and it is categorized as vulnerable species. This paper suggests the measures for the conservation of the remnant isolated population of M. vittatus in the waters of Asian countries. © The Author(s) 2014. Published by University of Zagreb, Faculty of Agriculture. All rights reserved. Source

Shahid S.,University of Rajshahi
Asia-Pacific journal of public health / Asia-Pacific Academic Consortium for Public Health | Year: 2010

The recent report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change confirmed that there is overwhelming evidence that the global climate will severely affect human health. Climate change might have severe consequences on public health in Bangladesh, especially in light of the poor state of the country's public health infrastructure. A number of possible direct and indirect impacts of climate change on public health in Bangladesh have been identified in this article. Adaptive measures that should be taken to reduce the negative consequences of climate change on public health have also been discussed. Source

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