Central University of Rajasthan

Ajmer, India

Central University of Rajasthan is an educational institution in Rajasthan, India. The Central University of Rajasthan was established by an Act of Parliament as a new Central University, and is fully funded by the Government of India.The Central Universities Bill 2009 aims at creating one new central university each in Bihar, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Orissa, Punjab, Rajasthan and Tamil Nadu. It also seeks to convert Guru Ghasidas Vishwavidyalaya in Chhattisgarh, Harisingh Gour Vishwavidyalaya in Sagar and Hemwati Nandan Bahuguna Garhwal University in Uttarakhand into Central universities. Wikipedia.

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Kesswani N.,Central University of Rajasthan
Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing | Year: 2017

Dijkstra’s algorithm is one of the established algorithms that is used widely for shortest path calculation. The algorithm finds the shortest path from the source node to every other node in the network. Several variants of the Dijkstra’s algorithm have been proposed by the researchers. This paper focusses on Multi-parameter Dijkstra’s algorithm that uses multiple parameters for shortest path calculation in real road networks. The major contributions of this paper include (1) Comparison of the Dijkstra’s algorithm to Multi-parameter Dijkstra’s algorithm with special focus on real road networks, (2) Performance evaluation of Multi-parameter Dijkstra’s algorithm, (3) Time complexity analysis of Different modifications of Dijkstra’s algorithm. © Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2017.

Mohbey K.K.,Central University of Rajasthan
International Journal of Engineering, Transactions B: Applications | Year: 2017

Nowadays high fuzzy utility based pattern mining is an emerging topic in data mining. It refers to discover all patterns having a high utility meeting a user-specified minimum high utility threshold. It comprises extracting patterns which are highly accessed in mobile web service sequences. Different from the traditional fuzzy approach, high fuzzy utility mining considers not only counts of mobile web service accessed in a sequence but additionally their preference value while mobile web services sequences are accessed. In this paper, I introduce a new approach, namely HFUBPM (High Fuzzy Utility Based Patterns Mining) for high fuzzy utility patterns extraction from mobile web services accessed sequences. The proposed approach uses a fuzzy minimum operator to extract highly interesting patterns from web service accessed sequences. In this proposed approach, downward closure property in fuzzy sets is handled by an efficient upper bound model. This model improves the efficiency of mining way. At last, the experiments have been performed on both synthetic and real datasets, which show that the proposed approach has good performances in terms of execution and search space. © 2017, Materials and Energy Research Center. All rights reserved.

Mohanta K.,North Orissa University | Sharma L.K.,Central University of Rajasthan
Remote Sensing Applications: Society and Environment | Year: 2017

Understanding, monitoring and mitigating the effects of increasing urbanization on the environment is essential for sustainable development. The objective of this study is to find out how and at what extent the spatio-temporal dynamics of Land Surface Temperature of Ranchi, Jharkhand (India) is affected by urbanization. In this study, the temporal Landsat images were used to derive the land use/land covers (LULC), Land Surface Temperatures (LST) and the spatio-temporal dynamics of urban expansion and Urban Heat Island Intensity (UHII) for three dates of 1992, 2001 and 2013. The impact of urbanization to the UHII is assessed using land use trajectories from 1992 to 2013. The results show that, with the urban built up growth of 251.89% in between 1992 to 2013, the increase in UHII is as high as 1.42 K. This is an alarming signal of deteriorating thermal environment of the city which happens to be cooler due to its relatively higher altitude. The result shows that in Ranchi, the Contribution to UHII (CUHII) of different urbanization trajectories are different and by 2013, the land transformed from agriculture to urban has highest CUHII than any other types of transformations. The results provide valuable insights into the effect of urbanization on thermal environmental and are very useful for decision making and planning of Ranchi, to make it an environmentally smart city. © 2017 Elsevier B.V.

Tiwari V.,Central University of Rajasthan | Khokhar M.,Central University of Rajasthan
European Journal of Pharmacology | Year: 2014

Coronary artery disease is one of the leading causes of death worldwide. One of the significant causes of this disease is hypercholesterolemia which is the result of various genetic alterations that are associated with the accumulation of specific classes of lipoprotein particles in plasma. A number of drugs are used to treat hypercholesterolemia like statin, fibrate, bile acid sequestrants, niacin, ezetimibe, omega-3 fatty acids and natural extracts. It has been observed that these drugs show diverse response in different individuals. The present review explains the mechanism of action of these drugs as well as mechanism of its lesser effectiveness or resistance in some individuals. There are various identified genetic variations that are associated with diversity in the drugs response. Therefore, present study helps to understand the ethiology of drug mechanism and resistance developed against drugs used to treat hypercholesterolemia. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.

Tiwari V.,Central University of Rajasthan | Tiwari M.,Central University of Rajasthan
Journal of Proteomics | Year: 2015

Acinetobacter baumannii causes pneumonia, bloodstream infections, urinary tract infections, respiratory infections and meningitis. A. baumannii has developed resistance against most of the antibiotics including carbapenem. Therefore, to battle carbapenem resistance, there is a need to develop antimicrobial drugs with new modes of action. Phosphoproteomics will help identify the differentially phosphorylated protein and its crucial phosphosites which facilitate the elucidation of molecular mechanism of signaling and regulation of carbapenem resistant strain of A. baumannii as compared to carbapenem sensitive strain. This understanding might be useful for the development of new antibiotics against kinases involved in the phosphorylation of identified phosphosites in carbapenem resistant strain of A. baumannii. The proposed antibiotics selectively inhibit carbapenem resistant strain which further avoids its excessive use against carbapenem sensitive strain and thereafter reduces emergence of resistance. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.

Mandal C.C.,Central University of Rajasthan
Frontiers in Endocrinology | Year: 2015

Many epidemiological studies show a positive connection between cardiovascular diseases and risk of osteoporosis, suggesting a role of hyperlipidemia and/or hypercholesterolemia in regulating osteoporosis. The majority of the studies indicated a correlation between high cholesterol and high LDL-cholesterol level with low bone mineral density, a strong predictor of osteoporosis. Similarly, bone metastasis is a serious complication of cancer for patients. Several epidemiological and basic studies have established that high cholesterol is associated with increased cancer risk. Moreover, osteoporotic bone environment predisposes the cancer cells for metastatic growth in the bone microenvironment. This review focuses on how cholesterol and cholesterol-lowering drugs (statins) regulate the functions of bone residential osteoblast and osteoclast cells to augment or to prevent bone deterioration. Moreover, this study provides an insight into molecular mechanisms of cholesterol-mediated bone deterioration. It also proposes a potential mechanism by which cellular cholesterol boosts cancer-induced bone metastasis. © 2015 Mandal.

Tiwari V.,Central University of Rajasthan | Tiwari M.,Central University of Rajasthan
Frontiers in Microbiology | Year: 2014

Acinetobacter baumannii is an opportunistic pathogen causing pneumonia, respiratory infections and urinary tract infections. The prevalence of this lethal pathogen increases gradually in the clinical setup where it can grow on artificial surfaces, utilize ethanol as a carbon source. Moreover it resists desiccation. Carbapenems, a β-lactam, are the most commonly prescribed drugs against A. baumannii. Resistance against carbapenem has emerged in Acinetobacter baumannii which can create significant health problems and is responsible for high morbidity & mortality. With the development of quantitative proteomics, a considerable progress has been made in the study of carbapenem resistance of Acinetobacter baumannii. Recent updates showed that quantitative proteomics has now emerged as an important tool to understand the carbapenem resistance mechanism in Acinetobacter baumannii. Present review also highlights the complementary nature of different quantitative proteomic methods used to study carbapenem resistance and suggests to combine multiple proteomic methods for understanding the response to antibiotics by Acinetobacter baumannii. © 2014 Tiwari and Tiwari.

Prajapat J.K.,Central University of Rajasthan | Aouf M.K.,Mansoura University
Computers and Mathematics with Applications | Year: 2012

In this paper we investigate a majorization problem for a subclass of p-valently analytic function involving a generalized fractional differintegral operator. Some useful consequences of the main result are mentioned and relevance with some of the earlier results are also pointed out. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Prajapat J.K.,Central University of Rajasthan
Mathematical and Computer Modelling | Year: 2012

We obtain subordination and superordination preserving properties for a new generalized multiplier transformation operator, defined for multivalent functions in the open unit disk. A differential sandwich-type theorem for these multivalent functions, and some consequences are also presented. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

Tiwari V.,Central University of Rajasthan | Roy R.,Central University of Rajasthan | Tiwari M.,Central University of Rajasthan
Frontiers in Microbiology | Year: 2015

Bacterial pathogens cause a number of lethal diseases. Opportunistic bacterial pathogens grouped into ESKAPE pathogens that are linked to the high degree of morbidity, mortality and increased costs as described by Infectious Disease Society of America. Acinetobacter baumannii is one of the ESKAPE pathogens which cause respiratory infection, pneumonia and urinary tract infections. The prevalence of this pathogen increases gradually in the clinical setup where it can grow on artificial surfaces, utilize ethanol as a carbon source and resists desiccation. Carbapenems, a β-lactam, are the most commonly prescribed drugs against A. baumannii. The high level of acquired and intrinsic carbapenem resistance mechanisms acquired by these bacteria makes their eradication difficult. The pharmaceutical industry has no solution to this problem. Hence, it is an urgent requirement to find a suitable alternative to carbapenem, a commonly prescribed drug for Acinetobacter infection. In order to do this, here we have made an effort to review the active compounds of plants that have potent antibacterial activity against many bacteria including carbapenem resistant strain of A. baumannii. We have also briefly highlighted the separation and identification methods used for these active compounds. This review will help researchers involved in the screening of herbal active compounds that might act as a replacement for carbapenem. © 2015 Tiwari, Roy and Tiwari.

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