Pula, Croatia

University of Pula

Pula, Croatia
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Orehovacki T.,University of Pula | Babic S.,Polytechnic of Rijeka
Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics) | Year: 2017

High dropout rates are one of the major issues of Massive Online Open Courses (MOOCs). Benefits of social Web applications such as active participation in creating, sharing and managing content, simultaneous work on the same artefact, synchronous and asynchronous interaction, and variety of functionalities that stimulate productivity in performing assignments have the potential to boost students’ motivation and thus address the aforementioned issue. Successful implementation of social Web applications in educational settings is largely influenced by their acceptance by students. With an objective to examine the forerunners of adoption in the context of social Web applications commonly used in MOOCs, an empirical study was conducted. Participants in the study were students of one Croatian higher education institution. Data was collected by means of the post-use questionnaire. Results of data analysis uncovered the extent to which evaluated social Web applications differ with respect to determinants of their adoption. © Springer International Publishing AG 2017.

Skare M.,University of Pula | Druzeta R.P.,University of Pula
Economics and Sociology | Year: 2017

This paper presents a new model for defining the poverty line as a possible candidate for the construction of a new official poverty line in Croatia. The model, based on Kakwani’s (2010) approach (nutrition-based anchor), uses consumer theory as the basis for defining food and non-food poverty lines. In Croatia, various alternative poverty indicators have been developed to define the official poverty line. To ensure international comparability and consistency, the poverty threshold expressed in local currency by applying the exchange rate of currencies’ purchasing power (PPP) is expressed in international dollars. It is important to ensure implementation of redistributive policies, maximization of market efficiency, and increased social justice. All this policy goals and instruments heavily depend on efficient and precise poverty measurement methods. © 2017, Centre of Sociological Research. All rights reserved.

Orehovacki T.,University of Pula | Babic S.,Polytechnic of Rijeka
Universal Access in the Information Society | Year: 2017

When used in a mobile ecosystem, social Web applications are commonly criticized due to their poor quality. We believe this is accounted for by the inadequacy of current approaches for their evaluation as well as the lack of suitable quality models. With an objective to address the aforementioned issues, this paper introduces a quality model that captures the particularities of social Web applications when used on mobile devices. Drawing on the comprehensive literature review, a finite set of performance variables (items, attributes, and categories) that contribute to the mobile quality of social Web applications was identified and subsequently employed for the purpose of designing a conceptual model in the form of a mobile quality requirements tree. An empirical study was then carried out to assess the reliability and validity of the conceptual model and pertaining measuring instrument. During the study, participants accomplished predefined scenarios of interaction with a representative sample of social Web applications for collaborative writing and evaluated their mobile quality by completing the post-use questionnaire. An analysis of data collected from end users uncovered a relevance of performance variables at different levels of granularity in a mobile quality requirements tree as well as pros and cons of evaluated collaborative editors. © 2017 Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany

Etinger D.,University of Pula | Orehovacki T.,University of Pula
Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing | Year: 2018

User experience (UX) in the field of Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) refers to the understanding of users’ attitudes about using technological artefacts. This study proposes the Unified Theory of Acceptance Use of Technology (UTAUT) for the assessment of Digital Audio Workstation (DAW) user experience among heavy metal and hard rock artists in the European Union (EU) countries. With a total of 711 collected surveys, partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) approach was used for the assessment of the measurement and structural model. To determine the most relevant drivers of DAW usage among artists, the IPMA (importance-performance map analysis) is conducted and assessed. The significant manifest variables should be considered by DAW developers as a guide to improve the UX among artists using DAWs. © Springer International Publishing AG 2018.

Microcredit emerged in the 1970s as a mechanism whereby virtually all poor individuals could supposedly escape their poverty through self-help and individual entrepreneurship. Crucially, neoliberal policy-makers found the microcredit concept ideologically compelling, and the international development community soon began to provide massive support to establish and expand the microfinance movement. Today, however, even long-standing microfinance advocates now reluctantly accept that microcredit has actually had no positive impact upon poverty or 'bottom-up' rural development. In fact, those rural communities most exposed to microcredit have been severely damaged in a number of ways, especially through sub-prime-style 'boom-to-bust' episodes. Largely because of its supreme ideological usefulness, the microfinance movement nonetheless still retains some support in the major neoliberal-oriented international development institutions, pro-globalization think-tanks, and in a number of Western governments. © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Kersan-Skabic I.,University of Pula
Periodica Polytechnica, Social and Management Sciences | Year: 2015

This paper aims to assess the role of national and regional agencies in attracting foreign direct investment (FDI) in the Southeast European (SEE) countries and to connect the findings from IPA's staff with the determinants of FDI inflows. The research is conducted using survey data and panel data analysis. The results indicate small, inadequate, and unexploited potential of investment promotion agencies (IPAs). They have participated in a small number of FDI projects and most of the FDIs came into the region without their participation. They do not have a qualitative approach to FDI. Most of the regional agencies (except in Croatia and Kosovo) do not even envisage cooperation with foreign investors. The panel data research has shown that GDP per capita, wages, inflation (as economic variables), but also enterprise restructuring, tax rates, trade and forex system (institutional variables) have influence on FDI inward stock. © 2015, Technical University of Budapest. All rights reserved.

The focus of this work is field research as a complex method of the methodological system of tourism geography, a scientific discipline of human geography. Tourism as a geographical phenomenon is researched here as a complex dynamic system in constant flux and transformation. The complexity of tourism is to be found in its spatial, socio-economical, political, cultural, psychological, historical, administrative, legal, organisational and other components, which are all interconnected in geographical space, and thus compliment and oppose each other, thereby transforming the cultural landscape of a tourist region. This work will single out basic characteristics of fieldwork: complexity, all-inclusiveness, depth and the use of triangular procedures and methods. Triangular methods and procedures such methods of observation as individual interviews and focus groups, questionnaires, landscape mapping, photo and video recording as well participatory observation. Furthermore, special focus will be placed on the three separate stages of field research: the preparatory, executing and concluding phase. Student achievements at the undergraduate, graduate and post graduate level in the study of geography by applying practical field examinations will be suggested here: the aim of this is to increase competence in applied research and other projects. © 2016, Croatian Geographical Society. All rights reserved.

Matosevic G.,University of Pula
Journal of Information and Organizational Sciences | Year: 2015

Search engine optimization (SEO) techniques involve „on-page“and „off-page“actions taken by web developers and SEO specialists with aim to increase the ranking of web pages in search engine results pages (SERP) by following recommendations from major search engine companies. In this paper we explore the possibility of creating a metric for evaluating on-page SEO of a website. A novel „k-rank“metric is proposed which takes into account not only the presence of certain tags in HTML of a page, but how those tags are used with selected keywords in selected domain. The „k-rank“is tested in domain of education by inspecting 20 university websites and comparing them with expert scores. The overview of results showed that „k-rank“can be used as a metric for on-page SEO. © 2015, All rights reserved.

Characteristics of family environment may affect the probability of an increased occurrence of behavioral disorders in youths, their development (risk factors) as well as decision on intervention (responsivity factors) and need to be analyzed in the context of specific local communities. Therefore the aim of this study determines the differences in the assessments of experts in the characteristics of family environment between youths at risk or already manifest bihevioral disoreders of the city of Pula (N = 100) compared to the Republic of Croatia (N = 512). The purpose of this study refers to identifying the specific factors of family environment of these youths of the city of Pula which may affect the decision on the application of interventions and the more adequate assessments of specific interventions needs for youths of the city of Pula. The results show that there are significant differences between youths at risk or already manifest bihevioral disoreders from the city of Pula and the Republic of Croatia in a way that the youths of the city of Pula present characteristics of a family history of chronic criminal behavior, emotional disorders/ mental problems, marital conflicts and abuse of drugs/alcohol by their parents. This work has a contribution to defining the factors that influence and provides guidelines for preventive and treatment action in relation to the such factors in the family environment for the youths at risk and/or with behavioural disorders of the city of Pula and the suggestions for programs with possibilities of their evaluation.

Skare M.,University of Pula | Druzeta R.P.,University of Pula
Amfiteatru Economic | Year: 2014

This paper presents a new model for defining the poverty line using the Kakwani (2010) approach and developing a possible candidate for the construction of a new official poverty line. The model uses consumer theory to construct both food and non-food poverty thresholds and ensures that the poverty line is consistent across regions. Namely, it is of great importance to review a new unique measure for transition countries because there is a lack of statistics and research in these countries because their governments denied the existence of poverty during the socialist years. The methodology developed in this paper is used to illustrate the construction of a poverty threshold and poverty rates in Croatia, Hungary, the Czech Republic, Poland, Latvia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Slovenia and Russia for the period 2000-2010. The focus on poverty in transition countries was placed in the former Soviet bloc; for that reason, the benchmark country used to illustrate the methodology for the above period was Russia. Because there are considerable differences in the methods used for poverty estimates, as well as insufficient and incomplete statistics, proposal for a new unique measure would serve as a "tool" for the prompt application of adequate social policies for transition countries.

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