Pula, Croatia

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Pula, Croatia

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Microcredit emerged in the 1970s as a mechanism whereby virtually all poor individuals could supposedly escape their poverty through self-help and individual entrepreneurship. Crucially, neoliberal policy-makers found the microcredit concept ideologically compelling, and the international development community soon began to provide massive support to establish and expand the microfinance movement. Today, however, even long-standing microfinance advocates now reluctantly accept that microcredit has actually had no positive impact upon poverty or 'bottom-up' rural development. In fact, those rural communities most exposed to microcredit have been severely damaged in a number of ways, especially through sub-prime-style 'boom-to-bust' episodes. Largely because of its supreme ideological usefulness, the microfinance movement nonetheless still retains some support in the major neoliberal-oriented international development institutions, pro-globalization think-tanks, and in a number of Western governments. © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Kersan-Skabic I.,University of Pula
Periodica Polytechnica, Social and Management Sciences | Year: 2015

This paper aims to assess the role of national and regional agencies in attracting foreign direct investment (FDI) in the Southeast European (SEE) countries and to connect the findings from IPA's staff with the determinants of FDI inflows. The research is conducted using survey data and panel data analysis. The results indicate small, inadequate, and unexploited potential of investment promotion agencies (IPAs). They have participated in a small number of FDI projects and most of the FDIs came into the region without their participation. They do not have a qualitative approach to FDI. Most of the regional agencies (except in Croatia and Kosovo) do not even envisage cooperation with foreign investors. The panel data research has shown that GDP per capita, wages, inflation (as economic variables), but also enterprise restructuring, tax rates, trade and forex system (institutional variables) have influence on FDI inward stock. © 2015, Technical University of Budapest. All rights reserved.

The focus of this work is field research as a complex method of the methodological system of tourism geography, a scientific discipline of human geography. Tourism as a geographical phenomenon is researched here as a complex dynamic system in constant flux and transformation. The complexity of tourism is to be found in its spatial, socio-economical, political, cultural, psychological, historical, administrative, legal, organisational and other components, which are all interconnected in geographical space, and thus compliment and oppose each other, thereby transforming the cultural landscape of a tourist region. This work will single out basic characteristics of fieldwork: complexity, all-inclusiveness, depth and the use of triangular procedures and methods. Triangular methods and procedures such methods of observation as individual interviews and focus groups, questionnaires, landscape mapping, photo and video recording as well participatory observation. Furthermore, special focus will be placed on the three separate stages of field research: the preparatory, executing and concluding phase. Student achievements at the undergraduate, graduate and post graduate level in the study of geography by applying practical field examinations will be suggested here: the aim of this is to increase competence in applied research and other projects. © 2016, Croatian Geographical Society. All rights reserved.

Orehovacki T.,University of Pula | Babic S.,Polytechnic of Rijeka
Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics) | Year: 2016

Social web applications are nowadays commonly employed in all fields of human endeavor. It is therefore of a high importance that they meet requirements of as many quality dimensions as possible. This paper reports findings of an empirical study which was carried out with an aim to examine quality of social web applications when they are used in a mobile environment. Participants in the study were students from two Croatian higher education institutions who carried out predefined scenario of interaction with two social web applications for collaborative writing on their smartphones and afterwards evaluated their perceived quality by completing the post-use questionnaire. The analysis of collected data uncovered the relevance of pragmatic and hedonic facets of mobile quality in the context of evaluating social web applications for collaborative writing. © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016.

Zufic J.,University of Pula | Cvilinder H.,University of Pula
2013 36th International Convention on Information and Communication Technology, Electronics and Microelectronics, MIPRO 2013 - Proceedings | Year: 2013

This work describes the ICT learning experience during intensive TAARLoG (Traditional in the Alpe Adria Region - Local for the global) Erasmus project. Project was implemented intensively in Pula in October 2012 with the participation of 54 students from the universities of Pula, Trieste and Maribor. In the multilingual environment (Slovenian, Italian, Croatian and English languages) students were tasked to learn, among other matters: a) to record with a video camera; b) to process and edit recorded audio and video material with the program application Adobe Premier CS4. Feedback received from students, in the end of the project, reflected their satisfaction (on the scale from 1 to 5 where 1 stands for not satisfied and 5 stands for very satisfied) as following: academic achievement: 4,47; personal achievement: 4,71; utilization of equipment: 4,34; abilities and experience of professors: 4,49; total quality of tutoring: 4,36; results of the adopted knowledge: 4,09; total mark for the project: 4,57. The applied teaching method was the Project teaching. © 2013 MIPRO.

Peric L.,Ruder Boskovic Institute | Ribaric L.,University of Pula | Nerlovic V.,Ruder Boskovic Institute
Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - B Biochemistry and Molecular Biology | Year: 2013

Cholinesterase (ChE, EC activity was investigated in gills and adductor muscle of two bivalve species: Arca noae and Venus verrucosa. The properties of ChEs were investigated using acetylcholine iodide (ASCh), butyrylcholine iodide (BSCh) and propionylcholine iodide (PrSCh) as substrates and eserine, BW254c51 and iso-OMPA as specific inhibitors. The highest level of ChE activity in crude tissue extracts was detected with PrSCh followed by ASCh, while values obtained with BSCh were apparently low, except in A. noae adductor muscle. The enzyme activity in A. noae gills and V. verrucosa gills and adductor muscle was significantly inhibited by BW254c51, but not with iso-OMPA. ChE activity in adductor muscle of A. noae was significantly reduced by both diagnostic inhibitors. The effect of organophosphorous pesticide trichlorfon on ChE activity was investigated in vitro in both species as well as in the gills of mussels Mytilus galloprovincialis. The highest sensitivity of ChE to trichlorfon was observed in A. noae gills and adductor muscle (IC50 1.6×10-7M and 1.1×10-7M, respectively), followed by M. galloprovincialis gills (IC50 1.0×10-6M) and V. verrucosa gills and adductor muscle (IC50 1.7×10-5M and 0.9×10-5M, respectively). The results of this study suggest the potential of ChE activity measurement in the tissues of A. noae as effective biomarker of OP exposure in marine environment. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.

Matosevic G.,University of Pula
Journal of Information and Organizational Sciences | Year: 2015

Search engine optimization (SEO) techniques involve „on-page“and „off-page“actions taken by web developers and SEO specialists with aim to increase the ranking of web pages in search engine results pages (SERP) by following recommendations from major search engine companies. In this paper we explore the possibility of creating a metric for evaluating on-page SEO of a website. A novel „k-rank“metric is proposed which takes into account not only the presence of certain tags in HTML of a page, but how those tags are used with selected keywords in selected domain. The „k-rank“is tested in domain of education by inspecting 20 university websites and comparing them with expert scores. The overview of results showed that „k-rank“can be used as a metric for on-page SEO. © 2015, All rights reserved.

Characteristics of family environment may affect the probability of an increased occurrence of behavioral disorders in youths, their development (risk factors) as well as decision on intervention (responsivity factors) and need to be analyzed in the context of specific local communities. Therefore the aim of this study determines the differences in the assessments of experts in the characteristics of family environment between youths at risk or already manifest bihevioral disoreders of the city of Pula (N = 100) compared to the Republic of Croatia (N = 512). The purpose of this study refers to identifying the specific factors of family environment of these youths of the city of Pula which may affect the decision on the application of interventions and the more adequate assessments of specific interventions needs for youths of the city of Pula. The results show that there are significant differences between youths at risk or already manifest bihevioral disoreders from the city of Pula and the Republic of Croatia in a way that the youths of the city of Pula present characteristics of a family history of chronic criminal behavior, emotional disorders/ mental problems, marital conflicts and abuse of drugs/alcohol by their parents. This work has a contribution to defining the factors that influence and provides guidelines for preventive and treatment action in relation to the such factors in the family environment for the youths at risk and/or with behavioural disorders of the city of Pula and the suggestions for programs with possibilities of their evaluation.

Matosevic G.,University of Pula | Bevanda V.,University of Pula
Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing | Year: 2016

This paper proposes models for predicting customer conversion from trial account to full paid account of web application. Two models are proposed with focus on content of the application and time. In order to make a customer’s behavior prediction, data is extracted from web application’s usage log in trial period and processed with data mining techniques. For both models, content and time based, the same selected classification algorithms are used: decision trees, Naïve Bayes, k-Nearest Neighbors and One Rule classification. Additionally, a cluster algorithm k-means is used to see if clustering by two clusters (for converted and not-converted users) can be formed and used for classification. Results showed high accuracy of classification algorithms in early stage of trial period which can serve as a basis for an identification of users that are likely to abandon the application and not convert. © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016.

Skare M.,University of Pula | Druzeta R.P.,University of Pula
Amfiteatru Economic | Year: 2014

This paper presents a new model for defining the poverty line using the Kakwani (2010) approach and developing a possible candidate for the construction of a new official poverty line. The model uses consumer theory to construct both food and non-food poverty thresholds and ensures that the poverty line is consistent across regions. Namely, it is of great importance to review a new unique measure for transition countries because there is a lack of statistics and research in these countries because their governments denied the existence of poverty during the socialist years. The methodology developed in this paper is used to illustrate the construction of a poverty threshold and poverty rates in Croatia, Hungary, the Czech Republic, Poland, Latvia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Slovenia and Russia for the period 2000-2010. The focus on poverty in transition countries was placed in the former Soviet bloc; for that reason, the benchmark country used to illustrate the methodology for the above period was Russia. Because there are considerable differences in the methods used for poverty estimates, as well as insufficient and incomplete statistics, proposal for a new unique measure would serve as a "tool" for the prompt application of adequate social policies for transition countries.

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