Time filter

Source Type

Cayey, Puerto Rico

The University of Puerto Rico at Cayey is a state university located in the municipality of Cayey, Puerto Rico. Wikipedia.

Mitchell K.F.,University of Wisconsin - Madison | Taff H.T.,University of Wisconsin - Madison | Cuevas M.A.,University of Puerto Rico at Cayey | Reinicke E.L.,University of Wisconsin - Madison | And 2 more authors.
Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy | Year: 2013

Candida biofilm infections pose an increasing threat in the health care setting due to the drug resistance associated with this lifestyle. Several mechanisms underlie the resistance phenomenon. In Candida albicans, one mechanism involves drug impedance by the biofilm matrix linked to β-1,3 glucan. Here, we show this is important for other Candida spp. We identified β-1,3 glucan in the matrix, found that the matrix sequesters antifungal drug, and enhanced antifungal susceptibility with matrix β-1,3 glucan hydrolysis. Copyright © 2013, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved. Source

Arce-Nazario J.A.,University of Puerto Rico at Cayey
Journal of Land Use Science | Year: 2016

For land-use science to engage the general public it must successfully translate its concepts and conclusions and make them public outside of traditional scientific venues. Here we explore science-art exhibits, which blend artistic presentations with specific scientific data or themes, as a possible effective way of communicating scientific information and disrupting misconceptions. We describe the process of producing a science-art exhibit on remote sensing and Puerto Rican landscape history from 1937 to the present, sited at a rural Puerto Rican community museum, and examine the visitor experience and educational outcomes of the museum exhibit through analysis of survey data. The exhibit project engaged undergraduate students from a variety of academic backgrounds, introduced land-use science concepts to the public in an engaging format, and was effective at reshaping visitors’ misconceptions of Puerto Rico’s landscape change history. © 2016, Taylor & Francis. All rights reserved. Source

Munoz J.L.,Rutgers University | Rodriguez-Cruz V.,University of Puerto Rico at Cayey | Greco S.J.,Rutgers University | Nagula V.,Rutgers University | And 2 more authors.
Molecular Cancer Therapeutics | Year: 2014

Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) commonly resists the frontline chemotherapy treatment temozolomide. The multidrug resistance gene (MDR1) and its protein, P-glycoprotein (P-gp), are associated with chemoresistance. This study investigated the mechanisms underlying MDR1-mediated resistance by GBM to temozolomide. P-gp trafficking was studied by flow cytometry and Western blot analysis. MDR1 expression was analyzed by real-time PCR and reporter gene assays. AP-1 interaction with MDR1 was studied by chromatin immunoprecipitation assay. EGF production was analyzed by ELISA, EGFR signaling was determined by Western blot analysis, and in vivo response to erlotinib and/or temozolomide was studied in nude mice. During the early phase of temozolomide treatment, intracellular P-gp was trafficked to the cell membrane, followed by conformational change into active P-gp. At the later phase, gene transcription of MDR1 was induced by temozolomide-mediated production of EGF. EGF activated ERK1/2-JNK-AP-1 cofactors (c-jun and c-fos). An inhibitor of EGFR kinase (erlotinib) given to nude mice with GBM prevented temozolomide-induced resistance. The results identified an essential role for activated EGFR in the resistance of GBM to temozolomide. Temozolomide resistance occurred through a biphasic response; first, by a conformational change in P-gp into the active form and, second, by releasing EGF, which caused autocrine stimulation of GBM cells to induce MDR1. Pharmacologic inhibition of EGFR kinase blunted the ability of GBM cells to resist temozolomide. These findings mayexplain reports on the common occurrence of mutant EGFR (EGFRvIII) and EGFR expansion in the resistance of GBM cells. ©2014 AACR. Source

Uriarte M.,Columbia University | Yackulic C.B.,Columbia University | Lim Y.,Columbia University | Arce-Nazario J.A.,University of Puerto Rico at Cayey
Landscape Ecology | Year: 2011

There is a pressing need to understand the consequences of human activities, such as land transformations, on watershed ecosystem services. This is a challenging task because different indicators of water quality and yield are expected to vary in their responsiveness to large versus local-scale heterogeneity in land use and land cover (LUC). Here we rely on water quality data collected between 1977 and 2000 from dozens of gauge stations in Puerto Rico together with precipitation data and land cover maps to (1) quantify impacts of spatial heterogeneity in LUC on several water quality indicators; (2) determine the spatial scale at which this heterogeneity influences water quality; and (3) examine how antecedent precipitation modulates these impacts. Our models explained 30-58% of observed variance in water quality metrics. Temporal variation in antecedent precipitation and changes in LUC between measurements periods rather than spatial variation in LUC accounted for the majority of variation in water quality. Urbanization and pasture development generally degraded water quality while agriculture and secondary forest re-growth had mixed impacts. The spatial scale over which LUC influenced water quality differed across indicators. Turbidity and dissolved oxygen (DO) responded to LUC in large-scale watersheds, in-stream nitrogen concentrations to LUC in riparian buffers of large watersheds, and fecal matter content and in-stream phosphorus concentration to LUC at the sub-watershed scale. Stream discharge modulated impacts of LUC on water quality for most of the metrics. Our findings highlight the importance of considering multiple spatial scales for understanding the impacts of human activities on watershed ecosystem services. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media B.V. Source

Santana J.A.,University of Puerto Rico at Cayey
Atomic Data and Nuclear Data Tables | Year: 2016

The relativistic Multi-Reference Møller-Plesset (MR-MP) many-body perturbation theory was applied to calculate the energies of all excited states within the 3s3p, 3p2, 3s3d, 3p3d and 3d2 configurations for every ion of the Mg isoelectronic sequence (Z=12-100). The results are compared with previous calculations and available experimental data. The MR-MP excitation energies agree with experiment typically within 100 ppm over a wide range of Z, particularly for mid- and high-range Z. Experimental data for highly charged ions in this isoelectronic sequence are limited and the complete and accurate dataset presented here is expected to ease the identification process upon measurements. © 2016 Published by Elsevier Inc. Source

Discover hidden collaborations