Prishtine, Serbia

University of Prishtina
Prishtine, Serbia

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Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA | Phase: ICT-2011.10.3 | Award Amount: 334.56K | Year: 2012

ICT-KOSEU aims at supporting Kosovos efforts for inclusion to the European Research Area by strengthening its capacity to participate to FP7 ICT research and facilitating its ICT researchers collaboration with researchers in the EU.\nThis will be done by: enhancing Kosovos ability to develop an ICT research strategy in line with the local capacity and needs, the state of the art and the priorities set by ERA; implementing this strategy, for the benefit of businesses, government/administration and the citizens of Kosovo; creating wide spread understanding of ICT and its need for competitiveness, social welfare and the integration with the European Union; and raising the level of Kosovo to that of the other Western Balkan countries, and in the long run to that of the countries of the European Union, with respect to their participation in the FP ICT program.\nThe main elements of the project are: the implementation of a thorough ICT Technology Audit and an open consultation process that will lead to identification of the Kosovo ICT research priorities; facilitation of a dialogue between EU and Kosovo; and implementation of a capacity strengthening, networking and dissemination strategy that will provide assistance to local stakeholders in order to be able to participate on equal footing with their peers in the rest of the WBC and the EU to cooperative ICT research.\nThe partnership includes at the local level representatives of the triple-helix of ICT research in Kosovo: the Ministry responsible for research and technology; the main public University and the Association that represents the balk of IT firms. On the EU level participants from neighbouring Greece, Bulgaria and Italy bring in a lot of experience working in ICT research as well as working with stakeholders in the WBC environment.

Micic A.D.,University of Prishtina | Matausek M.R.,University of Belgrade
Journal of Process Control | Year: 2014

The proposed PID controller optimization is based on the frequency response of a process Gp(s) and maximization of the proportional gain, under constraints on the desired sensitivity to measurement noise, desired maximum sensitivity and desired maximum complementary sensitivity. The set-point and load disturbance step responses with negligible overshoot are obtained for stable processes, processes with oscillatory dynamics, integrating and unstable processes. Simulations, with a band-limited white noise added to the controlled variable, and experimental results, on a laboratory thermal plant with noisy measurements, are used to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed PID optimization method. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

Murtezani A.,University of Prishtina
Folia medica | Year: 2011

The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of low back pain (LBP) in industrial workers, check for possible LBP related risk factors and investigate the associations between physical activity and severity of low back pain. We conducted a cross-sectional study among 430 workers of an industrial company over the previous 12 months. The industrial workers were given questionnaires and assigned to two groups: (1) with low back pain, (2) without low back pain. Group 1 was then divided into three subgroups according to the answer to question (a) LBP without irradiation, called mild cases, (b) LBP with irradiation above the knee, called moderate cases, LBP with the irradiation below the knee, called severe cases. LBP was found in 61.6% of workers. The prevalence of LBP was significantly associated with physical activity (p = 0.03). There was a significant difference between frequent physical activity and severity of LBP (p = 0.01). Work-related physical factors showed strong associations with LBP. The main risk factors for low back pain among production workers were extreme trunk flexion (OR = 3.5, 95% CI 1.7-7.3), as well as lifting of loads (OR = 3.5, 95% CI 1.9-6.2), pushing or pulling heavy loads (OR = 3.5, 95% CI 1.9-6.2) and exposure to whole body vibration (OR = 1.7, 95% CI 1.0 -3.0). Daily life conditions, job-related factors are associated with the occurrence of low back pain. These results suggest that individuals with LBP should avoid nonspecific physical activities to reduce pain and improve psychological health.

Morina Q.,University of Prishtina
Medicinski arhiv | Year: 2013

Shunting a hydrocephalus is among the most commonly performed neurosurgical procedures. Hydrocephalus constitute a significant medical problem in terms of urgency and treatment. Shunting of cerebrospinal fluid has dramatically reduced the morbidity and mortality of hydrocephalus, but they have potential complications that may need multiple surgical procedures during a patient's lifespan. We evaluated the following individual characteristics in relation to shunt complication rates: sex, ethnicity, age at the time of the first shunt placement (1 month [neonate], 1 to 12 months [infant], 1 to 18 years [child], 18 years [adult]), hydrocephalus type (spina bifida, congenital excluding spina bifida, communicating, obstructive) and socioeconomic status. In this retrospective study 193 patients were analyzed, unfortunately 27 where lost in the procedure of follow up and 12 died this patients were excluded from studies. Obstructive hydrocephalus (47.9%) was the most common diagnosis followed by communicating hydrocephalus (13.3%). Patients with ventriculoperitoneal shunt that were followed over time in 37% of cases experienced at least one surgical shunt complication during the study period and 13% of patients had multiple shunt complications. The causes for shunt malfunction include shunt infection, obstruction, distal catheter migration, shunt disconnection etc. Neonates and children experienced the highest complication rates. By 5 years of follow-up almost half of the children required a repeat surgical procedure. Children with obstructive hydrocephalus experienced the greatest risk of needing an initial shunt revision. Ventriculoperitoneal shunts constitute a significant medical problem, in terms of both urgency of treatment and economic costs. In conclusion, young infants are at highest risk for CSF shunt revision.

Gecaj-Gashi A.,University of Prishtina
Nigerian journal of medicine : journal of the National Association of Resident Doctors of Nigeria | Year: 2010

BACKGROUND: General anesthesia influences the thermoregulatory process. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of low-dose prophylactic ketamine with that of placebo in preventing postoperative shivering. METHODS: A prospective randomized double-blind study involved 76 ASA I and II patients undergoing general anesthesia that was expected to last no more than 2 hours. Patients were randomly allocated to receive normal saline (Group P, n = 33) or ketamine 0.5 mg kg1 (Group K, n = 33) intravenously 20 min before completion of surgery. The anesthesia was induced with propofol 2.5-3.0 mg kg(-1) and fentanyl (2-3 microg kg(-1)), atracurium 0.5 mg kg(-1) was given to facilitate orotracheal intubation. It was maintained with propofol (510 mg kg(-1) hr(-1)), fentanyl up to (5 microg x kg1 x h1) and a mixture of nitrous oxide/oxygen (2:1). Ambient temperature was maintained at 20 degrees-22 degrees C with constant humidity. Postoperative shivering in the recovery room was evaluated according to 5 point scale of Wrench. RESULTS: The two groups did not differ significantly regarding patient characteristics. The number of patients shivering on arrival in the recovery room, and at 10 and 20 min after operation was significantly less in Groups K than in Group P. In group P 36% have had shivering in TO whereas in group K 6%, in T10 45% in group P whereas 18% in group K. In T20 24% in group P have had shivering compared with 6% in group K, whereas in T30 9% in group P compared with 0% in group K. The incidence of free Postanaesthetic shivering (no shivering) on arrival in the recovery room T0 was: 63.6% in group P compared with 90.9 % in group K. The postoperative hemodynamic parameters were similar in the two groups. Active warming was not required in group K but was needed in 8 cases in group P. None of patients had episodes of O2 desaturation or respiratory depression during the study period. No hallucinations, delirium, nausea, vomiting, hypertension, tachycardia, and feeling like walking in the space or nystagmus were seen in any of the patients. CONCLUSION: Prophylactic low-dose ketamine was found to be effective in preventing postoperative shivering.

Fejzullahu B.X.,University of Prishtina
Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences | Year: 2016

In this paper, we derive a new contour integral representation for the confluent hypergeometric function as well as for its various special cases. Consequently, we derive expansions of the confluent hypergeometric function in terms of functions of the same kind. Furthermore, we obtain a new identity involving integrals and sums of confluent hypergeometric functions. Our results generalized several well-known results in the literature. © 2016 The Author(s) Published by the Royal Society.

Klinaku S.,University of Prishtina
Physics Essays | Year: 2014

The motion of a body means its displacement relative to a reference system. However, the relative motion is a displacement of a reference system, which carries a moving body, relative to another reference system, which is at rest. The first motion can be called simple motion because it represents the motion of a single body with respect to a reference system; the second motionï¿ relative motionï¿appears to be a compound motion because there are two simultaneous motions. While there is a difference between these two motions, physics can determine the condition of existence of relative motion. This is the aim of this study. The definition of this condition is very important for the correct explanation of relative motion. The theory of special relativity (TSR) consistently violates this condition in explaining relative motion. Due to this violation, the TSR often draws conclusions for relative motion involving simple motion. Thus, the violation of the conditions of the existence of relative motion results in erroneous conclusions in TSR. © 2014 Physics Essays Publication.

Berisha-Namani M.,University of Prishtina
International Journal of Electronic Commerce Studies | Year: 2013

Information technology developed very fast, and today's marketing activities are not possible without the help of information technology. Furthermore, it is difficult to think of a policy domain not affected by usage of information technology. Information technology is making possible and creating connections between businesses and organizations. The implications of information technology usage in marketing activities are profound too. Using information technology, companies possess the potential to reach more customers, introduce new products and services quickly, and collaborate with suppliers and business partners from all over the world. We should emphasize that information technology usage in marketing supports an integral approach to all marketing activities of a company and produces a large amount of information on buyers and markets. The aim of this paper is to describe information technology usage for marketing purposes. This paper starts with a description of information technology usage in business. It transitions into highlighting information technology and its role in marketing. The last part draws out the main conclusions and suggests that more attention should be paid to the potential of information technology usage for marketing purposes since this technology today is the key to better marketing activities and success in business.

Stolic R.,University of Prishtina
Medical Principles and Practice | Year: 2013

The aim of this review was to highlight the most important complications of arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) for hemodialysis (HD). The quality of vascular access for HD should be suitable for repeated puncture and allow a high blood flow rate for high-efficiency dialysis with minimal complications. The dialysis staff must be well versed in manipulation of the AVF, and there should be a minimal need for corrective interventions. Construction of an AVF creates conditions for increasing the flow of blood through the venous system. Fulfillment of these conditions reduces the risk of turbulence and endothelium injury, which, in turn, minimizes the potential for stenosis. An AVF is closest to the ideal model of vascular access. The most important complications of fistulae for HD are lymphedema, infection, aneurysm, stenosis, congestive heart failure, steal syndrome, ischemic neuropathy and thrombosis. In HD patients, the most common cause of vascular access failure is neointimal hyperplasia. It is important to gain information about early clinical symptoms of AVF dysfunction in order to prevent and adequately treat potential complications. Copyright © 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel.

Sahiti N.,University of Prishtina
Applied Thermal Engineering | Year: 2015

One of parameters influencing pin performance in a heat exchanger is pin length. The optimization of these parameters usually is carried out by considering pin as single heat transfer element operating under some ideal conditions. Optimal pin performance parameters derived in such analysis might not result in optimal heat exchangers. Current paper focuses in such inconsistencies and proposes a novel approach to be followed by optimization of pin length of a practical heat exchanger. The approach proposed in current paper consist in introducing of a corrected pin length in order to consider the influence of channel height carrying fluid on the opposite site to the heat exchanger channels employing pin fins. In the paper is demonstrated that by following the proposed approach one can derive optimal pin length to pin diameter ratios which results in optimal pin performance figures respectively in optimal performance of entire heat exchangers. The approach proposed here, in principle may be used to optimize other fins of other forms commonly used in flat plate and fin heat exchangers. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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