The University of Prince Edward Island is a public liberal arts university in Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, Canada, and the sole university in the province. Founded in 1969, the enabling legislation is the University Act, R.S.P.E.I 2000. Wikipedia.
Baldacchino G.,University of Prince Edward Island
Asia Pacific Viewpoint | Year: 2010
This paper explores the relationship between beers and island development, using a global sweep but with a special reference to the insular Pacific. It adopts a discriminatory approach, touching upon the role and impact that niche and bouquet beer manufacturing can have on the socioeconomic development of small islands. It departs from a personal observation: many small island jurisdictions have their own brewery. Indeed, the brewery could also be the island territory's largest indigenous manufacturing concern. While small islands are associated with low manufacturing capacity and diseconomies of scale, nevertheless 'a local brewery' comes across, in many cases, as a profitable and glaring exception that speaks to the attractions and virtues of locality branding. © 2010 The Author. Journal compilation © 2010 Victoria University of Wellington.
Cawthorn R.J.,University of Prince Edward Island
Journal of Invertebrate Pathology | Year: 2011
The American lobster fishery is a significant economic driver in coastal communities of North America. Increasingly, the impacts of infectious disease are recognized as important components and factors in the population ecology and subsequent management of the lobster fishery. Both environmental and anthropogenic factors impact marine diseases. The review herein highlights aspects of several important bacterial, fungal and protistan diseases, including gaffkemia, shell disease, vibriosis, disease caused by species of Lagenidium, Haliphthoros and Fusarium, paramoebiasis and Bumper Car disease. As the global environment continues to change, these diseases could more severely affect both wild caught and impounded lobsters. © 2010 Elsevier Inc.
Cameron D.J.A.,University of Prince Edward Island |
Shaver M.P.,University of Prince Edward Island
Chemical Society Reviews | Year: 2011
A critical review: the ring-opening polymerization of cyclic esters provides access to an array of biodegradable, bioassimilable and renewable polymeric materials. Building these aliphatic polyester polymers into larger macromolecular frameworks provides further control over polymer characteristics and opens up unique applications. Polymer stars, where multiple arms radiate from a single core molecule, have found particular utility in the areas of drug delivery and nanotechnology. A challenge in this field is in understanding the impact of altering synthetic variables on polymer properties. We review the synthesis and characterization of aliphatic polyester polymer stars, focusing on polymers originating from lactide, ε-caprolactone, glycolide, β-butyrolactone and trimethylene carbonate monomers and their copolymers including coverage of polyester miktoarm star copolymers. These macromolecular materials are further categorized by core molecules, catalysts employed, self-assembly and degradation properties and the resulting fields of application (262 references). © 2011 The Royal Society of Chemistry.
Fast M.D.,University of Prince Edward Island
Developmental and Comparative Immunology | Year: 2014
Parasitic copepods, in particular sea lice, have considerable impacts upon global freshwater and marine fisheries, with major economic consequences recognized primarily in aquaculture. Sea lice have been a contentious issue with regards to interactions between farmed and wild populations of fish, in particular salmonids, and their potential for detrimental effects at a population level. The following discussion will pertain to aquatic parasitic copepod species for which we have significant information on the host-parasite interaction and host response to infection (Orders Cyclopoida, Poecilostomatoida and Siphonostomatoida). This review evaluates prior research in terms of contributions to understanding parasite stage specific responses by the host, and in many cases draws upon model organisms like Lepeophtheirus salmonis and Atlantic salmon to convey important concepts in fish responses to parasitic copepod infection. The article discusses TH1 and TH2-like host responses in light of parasite immunomodulation of the host, current methods of immunological stimulation and where the current and future work in this field is heading. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
Wagner B.D.,University of Prince Edward Island
Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics | Year: 2012
Host-guest inclusion complexes represent an important type of supramolecular structure, one which finds widespread applications in diverse areas including separations science, the food industry, molecular sensors and optical devices. There are several driving forces for the formation of such inclusion complexes in solution; one of the most important is hydrogen bonding between the guest and host molecules. The nature or strength of the hydrogen bonding may change upon electronic excitation of the guest, for example during fluorescence studies or when the inclusion complex is used as an optical sensor. In this Perspective article, the impact of hydrogen bonding between excited state guests and their hosts is examined in detail, in terms of the impact on the formation and stability of such excited state complexes, the effects on guest fluorescence, changes in the stability of ground state guest complexes upon electronic excitation, the application of inclusion complexes as fluorescent sensors and materials, and the use of fluorescence spectroscopy for their study. © 2012 the Owner Societies.
University of Prince Edward Island | Date: 2012-11-15
The present application relates to novel apocynin-lipoic acid covalent conjugates, compositions comprising these compounds and their use, in particular for the treatment of diseases, disorders or conditions that are mediated by oxidative stress. In particular, the present application includes compounds of Formula (I), and compositions and uses thereof.
University of Prince Edward Island | Date: 2014-10-08
A method is provided for detecting the presence or absence of salmonid pathogens, including Infectious Hematopoietic Necrosis Virus (IHNV), Infectious Pancreatic Virus (IPNV), Infectious Salmon Anemia Virus (ISAV), Salmon Alphaviruses (SAV), Viral Hemorrhagic Septicemia Virus (VHSV), and Renibacterium salmoninarum. The method includes steps which may be carried out using a variety of analytical techniques, such as multiplexing RT-PCR, Target Specific Primer Extension (TSPE), and fluidic bead-based technology. PCR primers and TSPE primers which are components of the multiplex diagnostic assay using fluidic bead-based technology for detection of salmonid pathogens are also described.
University of Prince Edward Island | Date: 2013-05-14
Described herein are combinations useful for treating or preventing a cardiometabolic disease or disorder, or which can be used for appetite suppression, for improvement of endothelial function, for controlling weight, or a combination of one or more thereof. The combinations comprise Berberine, alpha lipoic acid (LA), and apocynin, or an isomer, derivative, pharmaceutically acceptable salt or ester of one or more thereof. Methods of treatment using the combinations, as well as compositions and re lated medical uses are also described.
University of Prince Edward Island | Date: 2014-10-08
Described herein is an apparatus and method for ischemic muscle training or recovery by coordinated blood flow restriction and electrical muscle stimulation. The apparatus comprises a blood flow occluding element for restricting blood flow to a target muscle or muscle group in a user, and measuring resting systolic blood pressure (SBP); and an electrical muscle stimulator comprising at least one electrode and a control unit which, upon activation, is effective to send low amplitude electric pulses through the target muscle or muscle group forcing the targeted muscle to contract while the blood flow is restricted.
University of Prince Edward Island and Genesis Group Inc. | Date: 2012-10-15
The present application, relates to iron bisphenolate complexes and methods of use and synthesis thereof. The iron complexes are prepared from tridentate or tetradentate ligands of Formula I: wherein R^(1 )and R^(2 )are as defined herein. Also provided are methods and processes of using the iron bisphenolate complexes as catalysts in cross-coupling reactions and in controlled radical polymerizations.