Plymouth University is a public university in the South West of England, with over 26,900 students and is 15th largest in the United Kingdom by total number of students . It has almost 2,900 staff making it one of the largest employers in the south west. The main campus is in the Devon city of Plymouth, but the university has campuses and affiliated colleges all over South West England.Whilst the University has been known as Plymouth University since June 2011 as a result of a rebrand, the formal name and legal title of the university remains "University of Plymouth". Wikipedia.
Edworthy J.,University of Plymouth
Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association
Objectives: This paper summarizes much of the research that is applicable to the design of auditory alarms in a medical context. It also summarizes research that demonstrates that false alarm rates are unacceptably high, meaning that the proper application of auditory alarm design principles are compromised. Target audience: Designers, users, and manufacturers of medical information and monitoring systems that indicate when medical or other parameters are exceeded and that are indicated by an auditory signal or signals. Scope: The emergence of alarms as a 'hot topic'; an outline of the issues and design principles, including IEC 60601-1-8; the high incidence of false alarms and its impact on alarm design and alarm fatigue; approaches to reducing alarm fatigue; alarm philosophy explained; urgency in audible alarms; different classes of sound as alarms; heterogeneity in alarm set design; problems with IEC 60601-1-8 and ways of approaching this design problem. Source
Caprotti F.,University of Plymouth
Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers
The paper analyses the discursive definition of the cleantech sector over the period 2000-10. It develops a dialogue between a cultural economy approach to sectoral development and recent research on the role of discourse in defining discursive arenas of environmental concern. The cleantech sector's rapid emergence in less than a decade can be seen as an example of the development of the cultural economy of an economic sector, defined in part through discursive logics and strategies performed by networks of actors constituted by firms, executives and policy professionals as well as non-governmental organisations and industry bodies. The paper conceptualises cleantech as a socio-technical sector that has developed through mechanisms that have established a dynamic sectoral identity as well as legitimacy around the way in which cleantech has been defined by networks of actors. The process of sectoral definition has, in turn, been based on the establishment of discursive logics that justify and make sense of the cleantech sector for investor firms and governments alike. Three discursive strands are thus identified and examined in the paper: the depiction of cleantech as the next paradigmatic technology revolution, the concept of cleantech as market-driven and the idea of cleantech as a 'technical fix' or solution to climate crisis. © 2011 Royal Geographical Society. Source
Evans J.S.,University of Plymouth
In this paper, I discuss the current state of theorising about dual processes in adult performance on reasoning and decision making tasks, in which Type 1 intuitive processing is distinguished from Type 2 reflective thinking. I show that there are many types of theory some of which distinguish modes rather than types of thinking and that assumptions about underlying cognitive architecture vary. I show that some dual-system theories have been replaced recently by the idea that we have two or more distinct 'minds' with different evolutionary histories. I also present the most recent formulation of my own account of dual processing within hypothetical thinking theory, at a level more easily applied to performance on specific tasks. I then consider implications for cognitive development, pointing out that while Type 2 thinking is clearly linked to the development of cognitive ability, it combines and competes with multiple Type 1 processing systems which persist in adult cognition, each of which could have their own developmental time course. Hence, while dual-process theories can and should inspire much research and theory in cognitive development, the derivation of predictions for cognitive development is far from straightforward. © 2011 Elsevier Inc. Source
University of Plymouth | Date: 2013-07-02
A method of producing a product having a predetermined porosity comprises the following steps: conducting a porosity test upon a test sample; producing a 3 dimensional model of voids interconnected by throats; deriving an intrusion curve for the model; comparing the derived, intrusion curve for the model with an intrusion curve showing the output of the porosity test; iteratively modifying the model until the derived intrusion curve for the model matches that for the output of the porosity test; making adjustments to at least one parameter of the model to adjust the porosity characteristics of the model to the predetermined porosity characteristics; and modifying the test sample in accordance with the adjustments.
University of Plymouth | Date: 2011-01-07
This invention generally relates to methods, apparatus, and computer program code for antenatal screening for chromosomal abnormalities, in particular Downs Syndrome. A method of determining a likelihood of a fetus carried by a pregnant mother having a chromosomal abnormality, a first biological, parameter being suitable for screening said fetus for said chromosomal abnormality, the method comprising: receiving first data from a first stage of pregnancy of said mother, said first data comprising data representing a first value of said first biological parameter; receiving second data from a second, later stage of said pregnancy, said second data comprising data representing a second value of said first biological parameter; and determining likelihood data from said first and second data, said likelihood data representing the likelihood of said fetus having a chromosomal abnormality.