Chadli M.,University of Picardie Jules Verne |
Darouach M.,Nancy Research Center for Automatic Control
Automatica | Year: 2012
This paper concerns the bounded real lemma for discrete-time descriptor systems. A new formulation of the bounded real lemma for these systems is given. It extends the recent results presented in Zhang, Xia, and Shi (2008) and gives necessary and sufficient conditions in strict LMI (linear matrix inequality) which is more suitable for the control design than those presented in Zhang, Xia, and Shi (2008). An application to the H∞ control design is given. A numerical example is presented to show the applicability of our approach. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Havard S.,University of Picardie Jules Verne
Developmental and comparative immunology | Year: 2012
We recently reported that most of the Drosophila species of the obscura group were unable to mount cellular capsules and no lamellocyte was ever found in the hemolymph of any of the tested species. Only three species were able to encapsulate, despite lacking lamellocytes. Their encapsulation ability was always associated with the presence of an unpreviously described kind of capsule-forming immunocytes designated as "atypical hemocytes". Here, we describe the ultrastructural and functional characteristics of this type of hemocyte. We show that these cells share many ultrastructural and morphological features with Drosophila melanogaster plasmatocytes, although they are involved in the formation of the external layers of the cellular capsule, a functional property exhibited by lamellocytes in D. melanogaster. Due to the high number of pseudopodes in these cells, we suggest to name them "pseudopodocytes". After structural and functional characterization of these atypical hemocytes, their ambiguous status between plasmatocytes and lamellocytes is discussed. Copyright Â© 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Drueke T.B.,University of Picardie Jules Verne |
Parfrey P.S.,Health science Center St Johns
Kidney International | Year: 2012
The Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) clinical practice guideline for anemia in chronic kidney disease (CKD) is designed to assist health-care providers in treating CKD patients with anemia. A guideline is not intended to define a standard of care, and should not be construed as one, nor should it be interpreted as prescribing an exclusive course of management. It is intended to provide information and to allow the practitioner to make an informed decision, based on evidence and expert judgment. Every health-care professional making use of these recommendations is responsible for evaluating the appropriateness of applying them in any particular clinical situation. Owing to the general nature of a guideline, it is sometimes difficult to translate it to an individual patient's condition. As the primary goal is to improve patient care, we have decided to focus on practical clinical aspects of the KDIGO anemia guideline. © 2012 International Society of Nephrology.
Bremond-Gignac D.,University of Picardie Jules Verne
Current opinion in ophthalmology | Year: 2011
This review summarizes current knowledge on ocular conditions related to abnormal visual development in infants, including prevalence, risk factors, causes, and mechanisms involved. We discuss the role of eyeball growth with pathologic mechanism of visual deprivation and development of amblyopia in infants, particular developmental issues in preterm neonates, methods of visual assessment and screening, diagnosis, treatment, and nutritional issues. Visual development is incomplete at birth, particularly in premature infants; maturation of the visual system--including neurological and ocular components--is influenced by many factors including prenatal and postnatal nutrition and postnatal visual stimulation. In early life, particularly during sensitive periods of development, abnormal visual input, for example caused by visual deprivation mechanism, amblyopia, or ocular misalignment, leads to abnormalities in visual development, including abnormal eyeball growth and neurological changes. Untreated anomalies or abnormal visual development can result in long-term or even permanent visual impairment. Nutrition plays a key role in visual development: infant formulas containing nutrients essential for normal visual development (specifically omega-3 fatty acid docosahexaenoic acid and omega-6 fatty acid arachidonic acid) may protect nonbreast-fed infants against visual development abnormalities. Problems related to visual anomalies are common among young children, particularly in preterm neonates. Screening to enable early diagnosis and correction of visual deficiency is important as abnormal visual input can lead to abnormalities in visual development, which can become permanent visual impairment if left untreated. Optimized nutrition can help to reduce the risk of abnormal visual development and prevent long-term or permanent visual deficits.
Poizot P.,CNRS Laboratory of Chemistry and Reactivity of Solids |
Dolhem F.,University of Picardie Jules Verne
Energy and Environmental Science | Year: 2011
The fundamental challenge of the 21st century that mankind has to face is definitely energy supply, its storage and conversion in a way that necessarily protects the environment. For 250 years, the tremendous development of humanity has been founded on the harnessing of fossil fuels (coal, crude oil then natural gas) as primary energy due to their high energy density values and the easiness of access. However, this global pattern of energy supply and use is unsustainable. Global warming and finite fossil-fuel supplies call for a radical change in the energy mix to favour renewable energy sources. Without being exhaustive, we tackle in this article the tricky energy question and associated environmental issues as personally perceived. The eminent role of electric energy produced from decarbonized sources in a future sustainable economy is particularly highlighted as well as the issues of its needed storage. The possible and foreseen hindrances of electrochemical energy storage devices, focusing on the lithium-ion technology, are presented in parallel with the possible pathways to make such a technology greener in synergy with the rise of a biomass-based industry. © 2011 The Royal Society of Chemistry.