Aburub F.,University of Petra
Information Technology and People | Year: 2015
Purpose – Enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems can be considered as cornerstone that allows most organizations to achieve their business goals. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the impact of ERP system usage on agility in organizations. Design/methodology/approach – The data were collected from 90 branches of well-known banks in the Middle East, such as HSBC, Standard Chartered and Arab Bank. Data were analyzed using a path analysis methodology. Findings – A new model has been developed. An empirical investigation was performed on the banking sector in the Middle East to test the new model. Despite the results showing that the impact of ERP system usage on banks’ agility is significant, the variance of banks’ agility that is explained by the use of ERP systems is weak. This indicates that ERP usage may not influence sufficiently the current agility drivers in Middle-Eastern banks and that there may be other significant variables that contribute to agility in the banking sector. Research limitations/implications – The findings of this research were based on a survey conducted among banks in the Middle East. The results are applicable in Middle-Eastern banks, but may not be applicable in other regions. Practical implications – Banking practitioners in the Middle East should be aware that successful implementation of ERP systems may not lead to the achievement of sufficient competency, flexibility, quickness, and responsiveness. Hence, such implementation may not deliver banking agility. Originality/value – This research model investigates the impact of ERP usage on the agility of banks in the Middle East. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.
Haddad B.,University of Petra
Infocommunications Journal | Year: 2013
Motivated by the nature of Arabic and encouraged by the delivered indications by psycho-cognitive research in retrieval of linguistic constituents of a word, a statistical language model for Arabic based on Associative Probabilistic bi-directional Root-PATtern relations", (A-APRoPAT) was formalized. The basic components of this model are relying on bi-directional probabilistic root-pattern relationships acting as cognitive morphological factors for word recognition in addition to semantic classes capturing textual and contextual root associative network. Considering a root in the mental representation as the highest level of symbolic semantic abstraction for a morphological unit allows the perception of words as a probabilistic applicative process instantiating the most plausible or known pattern to the most conceivable root, in an Associative Root-Pattern Network. As Arabic is known for its highly inflectional morphological structure and its high tendency to pattern and root ambiguity (Pattern Polysemy and Root-Homonymy) this model is assuming bi-directional morphological background knowledge for resolving ambiguities in the form of a probabilistic semantic network. As a major consequence, this paper is stressing the significance of this phenomenon in designing Artificial Cognitive Systems and Cognitive Infocommunications Applications concerned with Arabic interactive systems particularly those related to Arabic natural language understanding and human visual word identification and corrections besides the overall domination of Arabic morphology as a non-linear or non-concatenated processing system in the case of word identification.
Alkurd R.A.,University of Petra
Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences | Year: 2011
This paper evaluates the estimated intakes of total fats and n-3, n-6, saturated and trans fatty acids, in addition to cholesterol, dietary fiber, sodium, calcium, potassium and magnesium as calculated from the most recent data of Jordanian Household Expenditures and Income Survey (JHEIS) for the year 2006/2007. The estimated intakes of these food constituents were analyzed for different governorates using a nutrition analysis software program. The results showed that the whole country (Kingdom) mean of daily per capita intake of total fat was within the recommendations of the AMDR, whereas, n-3 and n-6 fatty acids were 35% and 47% of the lower range of AMDR, respectively. The Jordanian estimated consumption of saturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids were in agreement with the recommendations of the American Heart Association (AHA), whereas, the consumption of monounsaturated fatty acids was lower than these recommendations. There was a variation in the estimated intake of these constituents among different governorates. The consumption of cholesterol for the whole country and all governorates was within the recommendations of the AHA. The ratio of polyunsaturated/saturated fatty acids for the whole country was 1.3/1 which is within the recommended ratio (1-1.5/1). The dietary fiber consumption of the whole country was 24.4 g, whereas, the consumption of the governorates ranged from 20.1 to 28.0 g. Expressed as g/1000 kcal, the dietary fiber consumption for the whole country was 8 g/1000 kcal which is approximately 2/3 of the DRIs (14 g/1000 kcal). The sodium consumption was more than 5 times its AI, whereas the consumptions of,calcium, potassium and magnesium were lower than their DRIs. It is possible that high prevalence of,CVD among Jordanians is correlated partially with the high intakes of energy and sodium and the low intake of dietary fiber, n-3 and n-6 fatty acids, calcium, potassium and magnesium. To aid reducing the risk factors of CVD, the researcher recommends the increase the intake of dietary fibers, particularly from fruits and vegetables, calcium, potassium and magnesium and the decrease in energy and sodium intakes. Increased physical activity and weight reduction of the obese and overweight persons are also recommended.
Jawad I.M.,University of Petra
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition | Year: 2010
Nineteen raw vegetable crops were collected from major markets in Baghdad areas uncontaminated by human activities other than normal agricultural practice. Six hundred samples were prepared and analyzed under carefully controlled conditions for cadmium, lead, iron, copper and Zinc. The Levels of these Heavy Metals in the vegetables were relatively low with respect to the proposed maximum acceptable concentrations for human consumption. In lettuce, spinach and parsley relatively high level of lead and cadmium were noticed compared with tomato, eggplant and onion. Iron was the only element that showed statistical variation among the different of vegetables. © Asian Network for Scientific Information, 2010.
Al-Hassan A.,University of Petra
International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature | Year: 2013
Recognizing the importance of culture in translation, this article presents a descriptive study of translation of literary texts from English into Arabic. Using the data taken from works of Shakespeare and others which were translated by eminent translators, it first describes the study background, research contexts and procedures and problems. It then addresses some research questions on: (1) Will the translation be accepted by the new community of readers; 2) Is the relation between culture and translation important? It is worth noting that this study is significant for translators and readers of the target language, which is Arabic in this case. This has been substantiated by surveying the interests in cultural aspects of translation as early as the 19th Century. Thus translations do not only include lexical content and syntax, but also ideologies, values and ways of life in a given culture, which form translating problems. Therefore, translators have to know the audience. © Australian International Academic Centre, Australia.