The University of Paderborn in Paderborn, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany was founded in 1972. 17,421 students were enrolled at the university as of December 2011.It offers students 105 different degree programmes. The University of Paderborn ranks high in the areas of Computer Science, Business Management and English. The university’s library also has an excellent reputation. Because of its large selection of electronic media, and its long opening hours and lending periods, it is said to be one of the best university libraries in Germany. The number of students enrolled at the university has steadily increased in recent years, and as a result, the university has begun expanding the main building. Although the campus is not centrally located, you can reach the university within minutes using public transportation.Particularly notable is the newly established Master of Arts program in Comparative Literature in the faculty of Cultural Studies.In 2006 the computer science program has been ranked among the top 3 programs in the most comprehensive and detailed ranking of German universities by the Centre for Higher Education Development and the German weekly news magazine "Die Zeit". Also in 2006 the university has been ranked among the leading institutions for gaining research funding in the areas of electrical engineering, computer science and systems engineering by the German Research Council .RailCab is a research project by the University of Paderborn. Its purpose is the examination of the use of linear engines for the propulsion of autonomous, rail mounted vehicles. Wikipedia.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: ICT-14-2014 | Award Amount: 8.26M | Year: 2015
Virtualisation and software networks are a major disruptive technology for communications networks, enabling services to be deployed as software functions running directly in the network on commodity hardware. However, deploying the more complex user-facing applications and services envisioned for 5G networks presents significant technological challenges for development and deployment. SONATA addresses both issues. For service development, SONATA provides service patterns and description techniques for composed services. A customised SDK is developed to boost the efficiency of developers of network functions and composed services, by integrating catalogue access, editing, debugging, and monitoring analysis tools with service packaging for shipment to an operator. For deployment, SONATA provides a novel service platform to manage service execution. The platform complements the SDK with functionality to validate service packages. Moreover, it improves on existing platforms by providing a flexible and extensible orchestration framework based on a plugin architecture. Thanks to SONATAs platform service developers can provide custom algorithms to steer the orchestration of their services: for continuous placement, scaling, life-cycle management and contextualization of services. These algorithms are overseen by executives in the service platform, ensuring trust and resolving any conflict between services. By combining rapid development and deployment in an open and flexible manner, SONATA is realising an extended DevOps model for network stakeholders. SONATA validates its approach through novel use-case-driven pilot implementations and disseminates its results widely by releasing its key SDK and platform components as open source software, through scientific publications and standards contributions, which, together, will have a major impact on incumbent stakeholders including network operators and manufacturers and will open the market to third-party developers.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: DRS-01-2015 | Award Amount: 14.54M | Year: 2016
The ultimate purpose of ANYWHERE is to empower exposed responder institutions and citizens to enhance their anticipation and pro-active capacity of response to face extreme and high-impact weather and climate events. This will be achieved through the operational implementation of cutting-edge innovative technology as the best way to enhance citizens protection and saving lives. ANYWHERE proposes to implement a Pan-European multi-hazard platform providing a better identification of the expected weather-induced impacts and their location in time and space before they occur. This platform will support a faster analysis and anticipation of risks prior the event occurrence, an improved coordination of emergency reactions in the field and help to raise the self-preparedness of the population at risk. This significant step-ahead in the improvement of the pro-active capacity to provide adequate emergency responses is achievable capitalizing on the advanced forecasting methodologies and impact models made available by previous RTD projects, maximizing the uptake of their innovative potential not fully exploited up to now. The consortium is build upon a strong group of Coordinators of previous key EC projects in the related fields, together with 12 operational authorities and first responders institutions and 6 leading enterprises of the sector. The platform will be adapted to provide early warning products and locally customizable decision support services proactively targeted to the needs and requirements of the regional and local authorities, as well as public and private operators of critical infrastructures and networks. It will be implemented and demonstrated in 4 selected pilot sites to validate the prototype that will be transferred to the real operation. The market uptake will be ensured by the cooperation with a SME and Industry Collaborative Network, covering a wide range of sectors and stakeholders in Europe, and ultimately worldwide.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: FETPROACT-2-2014 | Award Amount: 3.64M | Year: 2015
This projects objective is to develop and to investigate closely linked symbiotic relationships between robots and natural plants and to explore the potentials of a plant-robot society able to produce architectural artifacts and living spaces. We will create a society of robot-plant bio-hybrids functioning as an embodied, self-organizing, and distributed cognitive system. The system grows and develops over long periods of time in interactions with humans resulting in the creation of meaningful architectural structures. The robotic assemblies (artificial plants) support and control the biological plants through appropriate scaffolding, watering, and stimuli that exploit the plants different tropisms. The natural plant, in turn, supports and controls the robotic plant by guiding it through growth and support the weight of the robot in later growth phases. The artificial plants are built from small heterogeneous sensing and actuation modules connected using lightweight construction elements. Each robotic plant connects wirelessly to the Internet. In contrast to top-down control, we explore a developmental plasticity of bio-hybrid systems, where robots and plans grow together from sprout to adult stage and form a closely co-dependent and self-organized system. The robot-plant organisms live in a human-inhabited environment and through interaction with humans grow into architectural structures (e.g., walls, roofs, benches) providing functionality such as shade, air quality control, and stress relief. Humans, plants, and robots form an internet-connected social garden where desired structures and behavior patterns emerge based on both local interactions and global interaction with parts of the garden growing at other locations. Hence, the social garden is a cultural system that shows long-term learning and adaptation where all past actions and interactions between the natural and artificial plants are represented in the embodiment of the garden.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2014-ETN | Award Amount: 3.85M | Year: 2015
Adjoint-based methods have become the most interesting approach in numerical optimisation using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) due to their low computational cost compared to other approaches. The development of adjoint solvers has seen significant research interest, and a number of EC projects have been funded on adjoint-based optimisation. In particular, partners of this proposal are members of the EC FP7 projects FlowHead and AboutFlow which develops complete adjoint-based design methods for steady-state and unsteady flows in industrial design. Two related bottlenecks of applying goal-based optimisation in CFD are addressed here a) the efficient but flexible and automatic parametrisation of arbitrary shapes, and b) the imposition of design constraints. Parametrisation is at the core of optimisation, it defines the design space that the optimising algorithm is exploring. A range of parametrisations will be developed in the project, ranging from simple CAD-free methods with rich design spaces to CAD-based methods that return the optimised shape in CAD form. Integration of the currently available shape and topology modification approaches with the gradient-based optimisation approach will be addressed, in particular development of interfaces to return optimised CAD-free shapes into CAD for further design and analysis, an aspect that currently requires manual interpretation by an expert user. Constraints are at the core of industrial design, e.g. an optimised climate ducts for a vehicle needs to fit into the available build space. The project will develop efficient ways to extract constraints specified in the CAD model and apply them to CAD-free parametrisations. Methods will be developed to quantify how much the limited design space impairs the optimum and then to adaptively refine it. The results of the project will be applied to realistic mid-size and large-scale industrial optimisation problems supplied by the industrial project partners ranging from turbo-machinery, to automotive and general industry.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: DRS-02-2014 | Award Amount: 12.91M | Year: 2015
The seven specific objectives of TOXI-triage address the operational; technological; ethical and societal dimensions of CBRN response and recovery, and importantly the economic base from which sustainable CBRN and multi-use systems are derived. 19 partners in 4 Task forces will deliver 9 Work Packages (WPs) that address: end user specifications; Design and delivery; Test and Validation; and, Impact. The approach defines a concept of operations that envisages accelerated delivery of situational awareness through an ensemble of embedded sensors, drones, standoff detectors (including cameras), artificial intelligence for processing sensor signals and web-traffic from social media, and centralised command and control. Wireless traceability of casualties provides dynamic mapping including medical care. 2 field exercises are intended to test and verify the operational attributes of the systems, and 3 WPs focus on impact to deliver: Exploitation; Security and Ethics; and Effective Innovation Management. Distinctive technological attributes of TOXI-triage include: rapid non-invasive assessment of exposure/ injury through monitoring metabolic markers of injury; managing and exploiting the semantic web; traceability by design; aptamer-based bio-sensing; casualty-to-discharge system integration; and integrated environmental and stand-off hazard designation. The approach is rigorous with clinical trials to test systems in poisoning clinics and live agent tests in laboratories designated by the UNs OPCW. Distinctive societal attributes of TOXI-triage include: addressing the needs of all vulnerable groups; optimising inter-cultural/ethnic messages and needs in CBRN response; fostering economic impact by multiple-uses for all the projects systems. TOXI-triage intends that its outcomes will be used routinely in medical/environmental/urban and search and rescue emergencies. The benefits are intended to extend significantly further then enhanced CBRN resilience
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: FETOPEN-1-2014 | Award Amount: 3.22M | Year: 2015
Ultrafast light pulses offer the fascinating opportunity to study system dynamics at ultrashort time scales. Trains of ultrafast light pulses also feature a broad frequency comb structure that has been exploited e.g. in high precision metrology. These characteristics have made ultrafast optics with coherent control techniques a flourishing field in recent years. A rich toolbox has been developed to generate shorter pulses with engineered temporal and spectral properties. Likewise, exploiting quantum features of light has enabled remarkable progress for the experimental exploration of fundamental physics and has been central to establishing the fields of quantum communication and quantum metrology. This proposal aims to bring together these two vibrant fields with the goal of exploring new capabilities that arise from the interplay of the quantum properties of light at extreme timescales and over extremely broad spectra. Ultrafast quantum pulses feature an inherent non-classical pulse-mode or supermode structure, which is imprinted onto the states in the generation process and is closely related to the entanglement properties between different frequency constituents of the quantum pulses. Harnessing this structure will dramatically enhance quantum channel capacities per signal state, enable precision time-frequency measurements beyond classical boundaries and open new avenues to scalable quantum information processing. Each partner brings unique expertise from the areas of quantum information, ultrafast and quantum optics, which expands the combined knowledge of the consortium. The partners research profiles cover engineered integrated optics with pulsed light, quantum communication systems, coherent control of light matter interaction and continuous variable quantum states. Experience in classical ultrafast pulse-shaping as well as advanced theoretical analysis tools addressing high-dimensional entanglement and multimode photon statistics round out the consortium.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: NMP-35-2014 | Award Amount: 7.44M | Year: 2015
The overall objective for iBUS is to develop and demonstrate by 2018 an innovative internet based business model for the sustainable supply of traditional toy and furniture products that is demand driven, manufactured locally and sustainably, meeting all product safety guidelines, within the EU. The iBUS model focuses on the capture, creation and delivery of value for all stakeholders consumers, suppliers, manufacturers, distributors and retailers. The main focus of iBUS is to drive sales for EU traditional toy and furniture manufacturers by leveraging internet based technologies, focusing on safe products, quality, design and innovation. In this new iBUS model consumers become designers, designing, customising and placing orders for their own products online in the iBUS cloud. They will be supported by embedded services in iBUS, developed in the main by SME Technology providers. These services include augmented reality design assistants, design verification tools for compliance with EU product safety guidelines, analysis of environmental footprint and prototyping with additive layer / 3D printing. Subsequently, parametric engineering design principles will take the design from concept to demand. This demand will then be synchronised and optimised across the supply chain, supported by the embedded supply chain optimisation tools, to produce sustainable demand driven production and supply plans. Manufacturers will then produce the furniture and toys in small scale series production driven by the actual customer demand. Suppliers will have visibility of, and make decisions based on, end-customer demand. Likewise customers will have visibility of their orders through all stages of production and delivery. The infrastructure will be cloud based using internet and social media technologies, allowing interaction and collaboration, but also accessible to home-based or small business users, promoting social inclusion.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: FETPROACT-3-2014 | Award Amount: 2.68M | Year: 2015
Simulation is a fundamental computational tool for modern science with applications ranging from drug design to materials science. Quantum simulators have the potential to revolutionize the way simulations are performed by accessing system sizes that are untractable in classical machines. As a result, they will become a suite of powerful and precise instruments enabling the investigation of relevant phenomena in the dynamics of complex quantum systems, such as quantum transport and energy transfer, as well as implementing quantum improved computation - tasks hard to simulate classically. QUCHIP aims at implementing quantum simulation on integrated photonic processors. Photons present unique advantages deriving from their mobility and the immunity to decoherence: these two features make them substantially different from any other quantum system. Moreover integrated quantum photonics capitalizes on the multi-billion dollar investment already placed into photonics development and commercialization. QUCHIP will exploit these advantages to implement quantum walk experiments in which several photons propagate over complex circuit architectures jumping between different waveguides. This platform represents the most resource-efficient quantum computation scheme to date: Boson Sampling. Recent computational theory findings have shown exceptional potential for this scheme to achieve the quantum supremacy regime in which quantum systems surpass classical ones. QUCHIP will develop new photonic technologies, ranging from on-chip sources of single photons to complex waveguide architectures and on-chip detectors. We will explore the dynamics of noisy quantum networks and develop practical schemes to demonstrate key structural and functional elements of the network dynamics. The benefits range from insights into the dynamics of complex systems to a dramatic push forward for the realization of an experimental device whose output cannot be formally calculated by classical means.
Winkler M.,University of Paderborn
Journal of Nonlinear Science | Year: 2014
We consider nonnegative solutions of the Neumann initial-boundary value problem for the chemotaxis-growth system (Formula presented) along with the corresponding limit problem formally obtained upon taking. For the latter hyperbolic–elliptic problem, we establish results on local existence and uniqueness within an appropriate generalized solution concept. In this context we shall moreover derive an extensibility criterion involving the norm of. This will enable us to conclude that in this caseif (Formula presented.), then all solutions emanating from sufficiently regular initial data are global in time, whereas if (Formula presented.), then some solutions blow-up in finite time. though known to possess no such exploding solutions, exhibits the following property of dynamical structure generation: given any , one can find smooth bounded initial data with the property that for each prescribed number will attain values above is sufficiently small. In particular, this means that the associated carrying capacity given by can be exceeded during evolution to an arbitrary extent. We finally present some numerical simulations that illustrate this type of solution behavior and that, moreover, inter alia, indicate that achieving large population densities is a transient dynamical phenomenon occurring on intermediate time scales only. © 2014, Springer Science+Business Media New York.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: ERC-STG | Phase: ERC-2016-STG | Award Amount: 1.50M | Year: 2017
The target of the research program, GreenOnWaterCat, is to revolutionize the understanding of green on-water catalysis and to unravel its microscopic origin. To enable these goals to be reached, several novel theoretical methods will be developed and implemented that will enable for unprecedented large-scale quantum molecular dynamics simulations, where both the electronic and nuclear Schrdinger equations are solved simultaneously. In addition, these methods will also allow the efficient computation of various state-of-the-art vibrational spectroscopies on-the-fly, at essentially no additional computational cost. Furthermore, new analysis techniques permit to assign the spectra and explain their correlation with the atomic structure in order to gain invaluable insights and eventually grasp the relationships between the dynamics and structure of on-water catalysis and vibrational spectroscopies. Since the latter offers a convenient connection to experiment, the unique results are of utmost value in order to explain the experimental findings. In consequence, new synthetic processes based on the on-water phenomenon will be proposed and investigated. The expected results will be most helpful so that water will soon become not only a viable, but also very attractive solvent in the design of novel synthetic processes and to make it even more useful for industrial applications. Beside the development and implementation of novel computational methods, which will be made publicly available, the additional outcomes expected are as follows: To conclusively explain the underlying mechanism of the on-water rate phenomenon for the first time To elucidate the experimental measurements and characterize the corresponding atomic structure To propose novel synthetic processes which exploit the on-water concept, such as catalysis at the organic/metal oxide interface To investigate the possibility of on-water catalysis using two water-insoluble solid reactants