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Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

Founded in 1974, the University of Ouagadougou is located in the area of Dawn Van Noord in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. In 1995 a second campus for professional education known as University Polytechnique of Bobo was opened in the city of Bobo Dioulasso and a third campus for teacher training in Koudougou in 1996 and in 2005 it became the University of Koudougou. The UO consist of seven Training and Research Units and one institute.The UO plays a key role in the economy and offers educational, cultural and economics benefit to the country. The current President of the University of Ouagadougou is Pr. Jean Koulidiati. The goal of the UO is to open new faculties in order to increase the number of students, to intensify the development of new information and communication technologies, to improve the university management, to improve the internal and external efficiency by diversification of the areas in education and to finally introduce a professional education.The University of Ouagadougou had around 40,000 students in 2010 . Wikipedia.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: HEALTH.2010.3.4-3 | Award Amount: 2.23M | Year: 2011

The APARET fellowship programme will catalyse independent research activities of graduates of Field Epidemiology Training Programmes (FETP) and Field Epidemiology Laboratory Training programmes (FELTP) in Africa. APARET fellows will be employed as research associates by African APARET partners for 2 years (salary provided by host institute). During the first year of their contract they will be embedded in the EU-supported APARET programme. A core part of the fellowship will be the application for a major research grant. The APARET programme will consist of: - Workshops: a two-week initiation workshop with face-to face contact between fellow and mentor and workshops on topics such as research funding, project management, ethical issues; a one-week proposal writing and project-planning workshop; a one-week final seminar, where fellows will present their result. - A mentoring programme linking each fellow with a local supervisor and an external mentor providing support for scientific and grant writing activities - Small research grants enabling the fellows to perform independent scientific activities at their host institutes. - Embedding the fellows in a network of African and European epidemiologists APARET can be credited towards a PhD degree of the respective university. EU-funding covers 3 successive cohorts of fellows. APARET will support the fellows in meeting the following objectives: I) Main objective: Prepare, write and submit a proposal for a major research grant. II) Additional objectives: 1. Plan, develop and conduct an epidemiological research project. 2. Perform epidemiological analyses 3. Submit a scientific manuscript to a peer-reviewed journal. 4. Critically review and provide feedback on a scientific paper. 5. Participate in the training of other epidemiologists. APARET supports well-trained epidemiologists in establishing a career in Africa.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP-SICA | Phase: ENV.2010.2.1.5-1 | Award Amount: 4.40M | Year: 2010

The social and economic impact of natural disasters in emerging economies and developing countries is growing. Many African countries have fragile economies unable to absorb the shocks caused by natural disasters enhanced by the increasing vulnerability of rapidly expanding urban areas. Climate change is likely to rapidly exacerbate this situation. The overall objective of CLUVA is to develop methods and knowledge to be applied to African cities to manage climate risks, to reduce vulnerabilities and to improve coping capacity and resilience towards climate changes. CLUVA will explore these issues in selected African cities (Addis Ababa, Dar es Salaam, Douala, Ougadougou, St.Louis). The project aims at improving the capacity of scientific institutions, local councils and civil society to cope with climate change. CLUVA will assess the environmental, social and economic impacts and the risks of climate change induced hazards expected to affect urban areas (floods, sea-level rise, storm surges, droughts, heat waves, desertification, storms and fires) at various time frames. The project will develop innovative climate change risk adaptation strategies based on strong interdisciplinary components. CLUVA will be conducted by a balanced partnership of European and African partners. The 7 European partners will bring together some of EUs leading experts in climate, quantitative hazard and risk assessment, risk management, urban planners and social scientists. The 6 African partners from South Africa and from the Universities of the selected cities cover a similar range of expertises, making possible an effective integrated research effort. The project is structured in 6 WorkPackages dealing with climate change and impact models (WP1), multiple vulnerability (WP2), urban planning and governance as key issues to increase the resilience (WP3), capacity building and dissemination (WP4), coordination of the activities in the selected cities (WP5) and project management (WP6).

Noufou O.,University of Ouagadougou
Asian Pacific journal of tropical medicine | Year: 2012

To screen methanol and dichloromethane extracts of stem bark of Pterocarpus erinaceus for anti-inflammatory, analgesic, in vitro antioxidant activities and phytochemical analysis. Anti-inflammatory activity was determined by using carrageenan induced-edema of mice paw and croton oil-induced edema of mice ear; analgesic effect was evaluated using acetic acid-induced writhing. Phytochemical screening of extracts was performed by thin layer chromatography. The chromatographic fractionation led to the isolation of main active components as friedelin, lupeol and epicathechin. The structures were established by TLC and nuclear magnetic resonance studies. Both methanol and dichloromethane extracts, friedelin, lupeol and epicatechin showed a significant anti-inflammatory effect using croton oil induced-ear edema. Furthermore, the action of dichloromethane extract was more important. At the doses of 100 and 200 mg/kg, the methanol extract was able to reduce the carrageenan induced-hind paw edema, while at the doses of 100, 200 and 400 mg/kg, it showed an important analgesic effect against writhing induced by acetic acid injection of 38.8%, 68.0% and 74.3%, respectively. Antioxidative properties of methanol extract and its dichloromethane and ethyl acetate fractions were assessed by using the 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl method. The methanol extract showed the stronger radical scavenging activity than dichloromethane and ethyl acetate fractions, with an antiradical power of 5, 3.5 and 2 respectively. The main components isolated from these extracts as friedelin, lupeol and epicathechin were responsible of these activities. The results suggest that the stem bark extracts of Pterocarpus erinaceus possessed important anti-inflammatory, analgesic activities and strong antioxidant properties, therefore, they could be used as potential natural ingredients in the pharmaceutical industry. Copyright © 2012 Hainan Medical College. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Source

Ouedraogo I.M.,University of Ouagadougou
Energy Economics | Year: 2010

This study empirically establishes the direction of causality between electricity consumption and economic growth in Burkina Faso for the period 1968-2003. The bounds test yields evidence of cointegration between electricity consumption, GDP, and capital formation when electricity consumption and GDP are used as dependent variable. Causality results indicate that there is no significant causal relationship between electricity consumption and investment. Estimates, however, detect in the long-run a bidirectional causal relationship between electricity use and real GDP. There is also evidence of a positive feedback causal relationship between GDP and capital formation. Burkina Faso is therefore an energy dependent country. It is also a country in which electricity consumption is growing with the level of income. All of this shows that electricity is a significant factor in socio-economic development in Burkina Faso; as such, energy policy must be implemented to ensure that electricity generates fewer potential negative impacts. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. Source

In the Man-Leo Shield, Paleoproterozoic (Birimian) belts crop out in nine countries of West Africa. Dominant domains include: (i) greenstone belts composed of plutono-volcanic, volcano-clastic and sedimentary rocks, deformed and weakly metamorphosed under regional greenschist facies conditions; (ii) widespread granitoid batholiths. The domains display a basin and dome-like architecture, and are overprinted by partitioned structures from successively shallower crustal depth.Analyses of key ductile and brittle structures has shown that the structural evolution of Man-Leo Shield is characterized by early vertical magmato-tectonics and subsequently, horizontal transcurrent tectonics with progression from ductile to brittle behavior. Basin and dome-like architectures, and the formation of an ubiquitous vertical foliation (MF) formed during emplacement of early amphibole-bearing (PAG) granite plutons at ca. 2.2Ga by diapirism during NW-SE crustal shortening. Subsequent to a late stage of predominantly NW-SE shortening that created steeply-dipping mylonite zones (Mz1), transcurrent faults became predominant. The formation of transcurrent faults began transpressively, with development of N-S trending regional-scale mylonite zones (Mz1), and a steeply-plunging stretching lineation that probably formed during emplacement of PAG-type granitoids ca. 2.15Ga. NNE-SSW transpressive sinistral horsetail faults and many NW-SE trending tension veins are interpreted to have formed at this stage. After cooling of the upper crust ca. 2.1Ga, transcurrent faults became strike-slip in character with formation of dominantly NE-SW dextral faults (Mz2) and the passive emplacement of biotite (PBG) granitoids. Clockwise rotation of the extensional stress axis (σ3) from NNE-SSW trending to ENE-SSW trending assisted the propagation of dextral NE-SW and sinistral NW-SE extensional en echelon horsetail faults. WNW-ESE trending extension jogs (Egz) are interpreted to have been initiated under the same stress conditions. Displacements on strike-slip/transcurrent faults are interpreted as the product of rotation of rigid nuclei blocks producing faults' re-activation.On the Man-Leo Shield Paleoproterozoic rocks are poorly exposed, but the tectonic model proposed in this study can help to shed light on the structural setting in areas of the shield which are poorly exposed, and in particular, why regional-scale structures do not display significant horizontal displacements. For practical use, key structural criteria can help to identify mylonite zones and transcurrent faults at different scales of investigation. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. Source

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