The University of Notre Dame du Lac is a Catholic research university located near South Bend, Indiana, in the United States. In French, Notre Dame du Lac means "Our Lady of the Lake" and refers to the university's patron saint, the Virgin Mary.The school was founded by Father Edward Sorin, CSC, who was also its first president. Today, many Holy Cross priests continue to work for the university, including as its president. It was established as an all-male institution on November 26, 1842, on land donated by the Bishop of Vincennes. The university first enrolled women undergraduates in 1972. As of 2013 about 48 percent of the student body was female. Notre Dame's Catholic character is reflected in its explicit commitment to the Catholic faith, numerous ministries funded by the school, and the architecture around campus.The university today is organized into five colleges and one professional school, and its graduate program has 15 master's and 26 doctoral degree programs. Over 80% of the university's 8,000 undergraduates live on campus in one of 29 single-sex residence halls, each of which fields teams for more than a dozen intramural sports, and the university counts approximately 120,000 alumni.The university is globally recognized for its Notre Dame School of Architecture, a faculty that teaches traditional and classical architecture and urban planning . It also awards the renowned annual Driehaus Architecture Prize.The university's athletic teams are members of the NCAA Division I and are known collectively as the Fighting Irish. The football team, an Independent, has accumulated eleven consensus national championships, seven Heisman Trophy winners, and 62 members in the College Football Hall of Fame. Other ND teams, chiefly in the Atlantic Coast Conference, have accumulated 16 national championships. Wikipedia.
Hartland G.V.,University of Notre Dame
Chemical Reviews | Year: 2011
The fundamental optical properties of metal nanoparticles, the dynamics that occur following absorption of photons, are studied. The spectra of metal nanoparticles are dominated by the localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) and the position of the LSPR depends on the size and shape of the particles, their composition, and the properties of the environment. Link and co-workers examined nanorods with aspect ratios between 2 and 3, and widths between 30 and 120 nm and observed a significant broadening and red-shifting of the dipolar longitudinal LSPR with increasing width. Transient absorption data for different sized Ag particles taken over a slightly longer time range show that decay in the signal arises from energy loss from the electron distribution because of electron-phonon coupling. The vibrational periods measured in the transient absorption experiments are found to depend on the intensity of the pump laser. Source
Kamat P.V.,University of Notre Dame
Accounts of Chemical Research | Year: 2012
The demand for clean energy will require the design of nanostructure-based light-harvesting assemblies for the conversion of solar energy into chemical energy (solar fuels) and electrical energy (solar cells). Semiconductor nanocrystals serve as the building blocks for designing next generation solar cells, and metal chalcogenides (e.g., CdS, CdSe, PbS, and PbSe) are particularly useful for harnessing size-dependent optical and electronic properties in these nanostructures.This Account focuses on photoinduced electron transfer processes in quantum dot sensitized solar cells (QDSCs) and discusses strategies to overcome the limitations of various interfacial electron transfer processes. The heterojunction of two semiconductor nanocrystals with matched band energies (e.g., TiO 2 and CdSe) facilitates charge separation. The rate at which these separated charge carriers are driven toward opposing electrodes is a major factor that dictates the overall photocurrent generation efficiency. The hole transfer at the semiconductor remains a major bottleneck in QDSCs. For example, the rate constant for hole transfer is 2-3 orders of magnitude lower than the electron injection from excited CdSe into oxide (e.g., TiO 2) semiconductor. Disparity between the electron and hole scavenging rate leads to further accumulation of holes within the CdSe QD and increases the rate of electron-hole recombination. To overcome the losses due to charge recombination processes at the interface, researchers need to accelerate electron and hole transport.The power conversion efficiency for liquid junction and solid state quantum dot solar cells, which is in the range of 5-6%, represents a significant advance toward effective utilization of nanomaterials for solar cells. The design of new semiconductor architectures could address many of the issues related to modulation of various charge transfer steps. With the resolution of those problems, the efficiencies of QDSCs could approach those of dye sensitized solar cells (DSSC) and organic photovoltaics. © 2012 American Chemical Society. Source
University of Notre Dame | Date: 2015-07-07
The invention provides a sheath-flow interface for producing electrospray from a capillary. The electrospray generated by the interface can be used as the source of ions for mass spectrometry. Electrokinetic flow in the interface can move a sheath liquid past the end of a capillary so as to mix with an analyte effluent discharged from the capillary. The sheath liquid and analyte mixture can be directed to an electrospray emitter to generate an electrospray.
University of Notre Dame | Date: 2015-06-12
A microfluidic device for evaluating a tissue sample can include a tissue chamber, a liquid inlet channel, a liquid outlet channel, and at least one of components (1)-(3). The tissue chamber can be defined by a plurality of walls, at least one of which is transparent. The liquid inlet and outlet channels can be in fluid communication with the tissue chamber. Components (1)-(3) can include: (1) a deformable membrane disposed within the tissue chamber and being configured to oscillate, upon application of pressure thereto, to mechanically compress the tissue sample; (2) first and second electrodes disposed about the tissue chamber and being configured such that delivery of electrical energy thereto creates an electrical gradient across the tissue chamber; and (3) at least one deformable wall, which partially defines the tissue chamber and is configured to stretch either uniaxially or biaxially upon application of negative pressure to the tissue chamber.
University of Notre Dame | Date: 2015-06-11
Methods and compositions which include or include the administration of a hydrophobic drug, prodrug thereof, salt thereof, isoform thereof, or a combination thereof; cyclodextrin, prodrug thereof, salt thereof, or a combination thereof; polyethylene glycol, propylene glycol, or combination thereof; and optionally, a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.