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Nova Londrina, Brazil

Methodological study, carried out between April to December 2010, which aimed to describe the criteria for construction, appearance and content validation of an instrument to assess the Reception with Risk Rating (RRR). The strategies of Content Validation through Delphi technique and Appearance Validation were used. The appreciation of the instrument was made by a panel of judges, consisting of ten nurses, teachers with titration of specialists, teachers and/or doctors with experience in RRR. We conclude that the instrument has content and appearance validity to assess the RRR because the indices of reliability and agreement in all three dimensions of health evaluation Donabedian reached values above the established standard, ie 80%. Source

This study aimed to analyze publications related to the activities of nurses managing the quality in the Emergency Services of Hospitals. An integrative literature review identified 4780 articles of which 8 were selected considering the criteria: full articles, published from 2000 to 2010; available in Portuguese; indexed in the databases of the Virtual Health Library. All the material was analyzed through Content Analysis. Two themes emerged Working in the structuring of the nursing staff to the quality of care and Nursing actions managing the quality of care. The conclusion is that the promotion of the quality of care provided in Hospitals' Emergency Services is linked to the actions promoting the humanization of both care and caregivers, and that the role of the nurse in the User Reception with Risk Rating is a key strategy for managing quality in services. Source

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of different methods of the aryl removal, on seeds germination and seedlings emergence of sweet passion fruit (Passiflora alata Curtis). Seeds from ripe fruits were subjected to methods of removing the aryls: manual with friction on wire mesh; manual friction of coarse sand on the wire mesh; mechanical blender; biological fermentation at 24 oC, for 5 days; chemical immersion in a solution of 10% lime, and chemical immersion in hydrochloric acid solution at 37% (1:2), both chemical methods under stirring for 30 minutes and seeds without aryls. The seeds were evaluated for germination, seedling emergence and emergence speed index. Statistical design was a completely randomized, with four replications, using 50 seeds. The removal of the aryl with friction on wire mesh showed the highest germination efficiency in the laboratory. Methods with rubbing sand on wire mesh, soaking in a lime solution, immersion in hydrochloric acid, fermentation and without removing the aryl, provided better performance in the nursery conditions. The aryl removal by a blender impaired the physiological quality of seeds. The nursery conditions provided percentages of seedling emergence, which exceeded the results obtained in laboratory conditions. Source

Furquim T.R.,University of Northern Parana
Oral health & preventive dentistry

The objective of the present study was to evaluate whether sensitivity to bitter taste and perception of sweet taste have an influence on dental caries in urban and rural areas. The caries experience in 181 children, aged 12 years, from rural and urban areas of southern Brazil, was assessed according to World Health Organization guidelines. Sensitivity to the bitterness of phenylthiocarbamide was determined using the Harris-Kalmus procedure, and the sweet taste thresholds of sucrose were measured by Nilsson and Holm's method. The caries index (DMFT > 0) was 3.73 (SD = 2.26) in the rural area and 3.51 (SD = 2.14) in the urban area. The sensitivity to bitter taste and sweet taste perception showed significant association with the gender of schoolchildren (P = 0.04). Girls were predominant in the high sweet perception taster group (62.3%) and the bitter taster group (59.4%). No significant difference in sweet perception status could be observed between the groups of low and high caries severity. The genetic ability to taste bitterness significantly influenced the levels of caries only in children from the urban area (P = 0.005). Bitter non-tasters presented higher severity of caries. A positive correlation was observed between sensitivity to bitter taste and sweet taste perception among children in the rural (r = 0.42, P = 0.002) and urban areas (r = 0.36, P = 0.001). These findings suggest that the bitter non-tasters are more susceptible to dental caries than the tasters in the urban area. Source

Guedes D.P.,University of Northern Parana
Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano

According to the requirement for precision, accuracy and validation of information to be treated, clinical procedures can be characterized as an acceptable and accessible option for the analysis of components associated with body composition. The techniques with clinical features more commonly used are bioelectrical impedance and anthropometry by skinfold thickness. However, despite the greater feasibility in the face of laboratory procedures, clinical procedures have limitations and specifications regarding the use of their protocols, which should necessarily be considered when they are used. The purpose of this review is to provide a critical analysis about the use of bioelectrical impedance and anthropometry and explain the importance of carrying out well defined application standards to ensure more appropriate body composition estimation. Source

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