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Corrientes, Argentina

Aucar G.A.,CONICET | Aucar G.A.,Northeastern University of Argentina
Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics | Year: 2014

The search for a QED-based (and then QFT-based) formalism that brings solid grounds to the whole area of relativistic quantum chemistry was just implicit in the first decades of the quantum theory. During the last few years it was shown that it is still unclear how to derive a well-defined N-electron relativistic Hamiltonian, and also the way negative-energy states may contribute to electron correlation. Furthermore, the relationship among electron correlation and radiative QED corrections is even more difficult to guess. These are few of the fundamental problems that need to be solved before such a program of research is finished within the wavefunction approach to quantum physics. The polarization propagator formalism was developed as an alternative approach to study atomic and molecular properties within both regimes, relativistic and nonrelativistic. In this article we expose how far away one can go today working with polarization propagators, until including QED (and afterwards QFT) effects. We will uncover its deepest formal origin, the path integral formalism, which explains why polarization propagators can be written formally the same in both regimes. This will also explain why the NR limit is obtained scaling the velocity of light to infinity. We shall introduce a few basic aspects of elementary propagators to show what they have in common with polarization propagators. Then we shall remark on the most important news that appears with the latter ones. Within the relativistic regime the contributions of negative energy orbitals to electron correlation are straightforwardly included. New insights on the relationship between spin and time-reversal operators are also given, together with an ansatz on how to consider both, QED and electron correlation effects on the same grounds. We focus here on the treatment of NMR spectroscopic parameters within such a formalism, that is still not broadly used by the quantum chemistry community. Most of the other response properties can be treated in a similar manner. © 2014 the Owner Societies. Source

Koziol K.,Nicolaus Copernicus University | Koziol K.,Northeastern University of Argentina
Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics | Year: 2014

The K-shell level radiative, nonradiative, and total widths, K-shell fluorescence yields, and K-shell hole state lifetimes for atoms with 20≤Z≤30 have been calculated in a fully relativistic way using the extensive multiconfiguration Dirac-Fock calculations with the inclusion of the Breit interaction and QED corrections and also using multiconfiguration Dirac-Hartree-Slater calculations. © 2014 American Physical Society. Source

Koziol K.,Nicolaus Copernicus University | Koziol K.,Northeastern University of Argentina
Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics | Year: 2014

Widths of KL2,3 atomic levels for Ca, Fe, and Zn have been calculated in a fully relativistic way using the extensive multiconfiguration Dirac-Fock and modified Dirac-Hartree-Slater calculations. The study of de-excitation of the K-1L2,3-1 hole state has been presented. Additionally, the approximation to KL2,3 level widths has been examined. © 2014 American Physical Society. Source

Zarycz N.,Northeastern University of Argentina | Aucar G.A.,Northeastern University of Argentina | Vedova C.O.D.,CONICET
Journal of Physical Chemistry A | Year: 2010

A series of closed H-bonded molecules that have (or not) delocalized bonds were studied. The dependence of both NMR spectroscopic parameters σ and J-couplings, and also the energy stability of such molecules with H-bond strength, were analyzed. The selected basic geometrical structure was that of malonaldehyde. From its full optimized geometry, the corresponding geometry of 3-OH propanal was obtained, fixing either the d(O-O) distance or a more extended local geometry and then optimizing the other part of the whole structure. Nitromalonaldehyde and nitromalonamide were also studied because they should have stronger H-bonds and their basic structure is also malonaldehyde. The last one also has electronic effects that may be varied by rotating the amino groups. By doing this it is possible to show that the effects on acidity of donors are more important than the equivalent effects on the basicity of acceptors. It is also shown that J-couplings that involve atoms close to the H-bond have important noncontact contributions that must be included in order to reproduce total J values. Noncontact contributions are more important than the Fermi contact (FC) one for J(O-O) in malonaldehyde. In nitromalonamide all three terms, FC, paramagnetic spin-orbital, and spin-dipolar are of the same order of magnitude when both amino groups are rotated. This does not happen for its planar configuration. Nuclear magnetic shielding of the hydrogen belonging to the H-bond is quite sensitive to it. The magnetic behavior of such hydrogen atom is modified when it is part of a closed H-bonded molecule. Then a relationship between the H-bond strength with the paramagnetic contributions of the shieldings of both atoms, C and O of the donor substructure, was obtained. We have found a cubic correlation between σp (C) of the C-O donor bond with σ (H) of the H-bonded hydrogen. It is observed that both the noncontact J-coupling contributions and shieldings on atoms belonging to the donor substructure, give a clear evidence about the presence of the resonance phenomenon in the model compounds that have been studied, malonaldehyde, nitromalonaldehyde, and nitromalonamide. © 2010 American Chemical Society. Source

Aucar I.A.,Northeastern University of Argentina | Gomez S.S.,Northeastern University of Argentina | Giribet C.G.,University of Buenos Aires | Ruiz De Azua M.C.,University of Buenos Aires
Journal of Chemical Physics | Year: 2013

In this work, relativistic effects on the nuclear spin-rotation (SR) tensor originated in the electron-nucleus and electron-electron Breit interactions are analysed. To this end, four-component numerical calculations were carried out in model systems HX (X=H,F,Cl,Br,I). The electron-nucleus Breit interaction couples the electrons and nuclei dynamics giving rise to a purely relativistic contribution to the SR tensor. Its leading order in 1/c is of the same value as that of relativistic corrections on the usual second order expression of the SR tensor considered in previous work [I. A. Aucar, S. S. Gómez, J. I. Melo, C. G. Giribet, and M. C. Ruiz de Azúa, J. Chem. Phys. 138, 134107 (2013)]10.1063/1.4796461, and therefore it is absolutely necessary to establish its relative importance. For the sake of completeness, the corresponding effect originating in the electron-electron Breit interaction is also considered. It is verified that in all cases these Breit interactions yield only very small corrections to the SR tensors of both the X and H nuclei in the present series of compounds. Results of the present work strongly suggest that in order to achieve experimental accuracy in the theoretical study of the SR tensor both electron-nucleus and electron-electron Breit effects can be safely neglected. © 2013 AIP Publishing LLC. Source

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