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Northampton, United Kingdom

The University of Northampton is a university in Northampton, Northamptonshire, England. It was formed in 1999 by the amalgamation of a number of training colleges and gained full university status as The University of Northampton in 2005.It is associated with the Million+ grouping of universities. Wikipedia.

Neill S.J.,University of Northampton
Journal of Child Health Care | Year: 2010

Acute childhood illness is a universal experience for children and families. This paper presents the central process of a Glaserian grounded theory study which explored family management of acute childhood illness at home. Twenty-nine interviews were conducted with 15 families of children 0-9 years of age. Constant comparative analysis generated the substantive grounded theory 'Containing acute childhood illness within family life'. This informal social rule was identified from families' persistent desire to do the right thing, for their child and in the eyes of others in social life. Families perceived that they were expected to contain illnesses which are defined as minor and to seek medical help for 'real' illnesses. Considerable uncertainty was evident around defining the illness and the legitimacy of seeking medical help. Their concern with the latter indicates doctors' role as moral agents for parents' behaviour, directing the containment of acute childhood illness. © The Author(s) 2010. Source

Hadfield-Hill S.A.,University of Northampton
Local Environment | Year: 2013

Sustainable communities are new sites of exploration; spaces which have been planned and designed to overcome a multitude of social, economic and environmental problems which are present in the UK urban landscape. Given their environmental credentials, this offers a new backdrop for investigating children and young people's knowledge regarding the environment and sustainability. Data are presented from research with children, young people and families living in one of these new communities. The paper focuses on the local primary school and homes which have been designed and equipped with various eco-technologies, exploring how pro-environmental behaviour is encouraged and acted out within these (new) spaces. Ultimately, the paper identifies a number of barriers to pro-environmental behaviour which need to be overcome if these new built environments are to become true sustainable communities. © 2013 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC. Source

Kay A.D.,University of Northampton | Kay A.D.,Edith Cowan University | Blazevich A.J.,Edith Cowan University
Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise | Year: 2012

INTRODUCTION: The benefits of preexercise muscle stretching have been recently questioned after reports of significant poststretch reductions in force and power production. However, methodological issues and equivocal findings have prevented a clear consensus being reached. As no detailed systematic review exists, the literature describing responses to acute static muscle stretch was comprehensively examined. METHODS: MEDLINE, ScienceDirect, SPORTDiscus, and Zetoc were searched with recursive reference checking. Selection criteria included randomized or quasi-randomized controlled trials and intervention-based trials published in peer-reviewed scientific journals examining the effect of an acute static stretch intervention on maximal muscular performance. RESULTS: Searches revealed 4559 possible articles; 106 met the inclusion criteria. Study design was often poor because 30% of studies failed to provide appropriate reliability statistics. Clear evidence exists indicating that short-duration acute static stretch (<30 s) has no detrimental effect (pooled estimate =-1.1%), with overwhelming evidence that stretch durations of 30-45 s also imparted no significant effect (pooled estimate =-1.9%). A sigmoidal dose-response effect was evident between stretch duration and both the likelihood and magnitude of significant decrements, with a significant reduction likely to occur with stretches ≥60 s. This strong evidence for a dose-response effect was independent of performance task, contraction mode, or muscle group. Studies have only examined changes in eccentric strength when the stretch durations were >60 s, with limited evidence for an effect on eccentric strength. CONCLUSIONS: The detrimental effects of static stretch are mainly limited to longer durations (≥60 s), which may not be typically used during preexercise routines in clinical, healthy, or athletic populations. Shorter durations of stretch (<60 s) can be performed in a preexercise routine without compromising maximal muscle performance. Source

Parsons A.J.,University of Sheffield | Foster I.D.L.,University of Northampton | Foster I.D.L.,Rhodes University
Earth-Science Reviews | Year: 2011

The radioisotope 137Cs has been extensively used to provide information about soil erosion. The technique relies upon a number of assumptions that this review evaluates in order to establish what can be learned about soil erosion from the use of 137Cs. The assumption of locally spatially uniform fallout is broken down into three components: (1) atmospheric fallout is spatially uniform; (2) transfer to the soil is spatially uniform; and (3) no redistribution occurs during the transfer process. Evidence is presented to show that none of these assumptions is valid. Similarly, it is shown that the literature that continues to examine both the processes of adsorption of 137Cs onto soil particles, the conditions under which it may be desorbed and the uptake of 137Cs by plants, makes the assumption that 137Cs is rapidly and irreversibly adsorbed onto soil particles contestable. Evidence is presented for the movement of 137Cs across the landscape other than by movement of soil particles across the surface. Methods used to convert 137Cs inventories into rates of erosion are reviewed, as are errors associated with obtaining 137Cs inventories. Finally, the relationship of 137Cs inventories to current understanding of soil-erosion processes is assessed. It is concluded that that no current rates of soil erosion that are based upon the use of this technique are reliable, and that 137Cs cannot be used to provide reliable information about rates of soil erosion. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. Source

Haw C.,University of Northampton
Journal of Intellectual Disabilities and Offending Behaviour | Year: 2013

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to describe the characteristics of adult male autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) patients admitted to low secure services and to compare them with non-ASD patients. Design/methodology/approach: Case-control study of admissions to two ASD units and one non-ASD unit at a tertiary referral centre. Subjects were compared on demographic, personal, clinical and offending behaviour variables. Findings: In total, 51 ASD and 43 controls were studied. Median age at diagnosis of ASD was 21 years (range 6-56). The ASD group were younger (median age 27 vs 33 years) and more likely to be single than controls. Their age at first contact with psychiatric services was lower and proportionally more were admitted from prison and courts. Almost three-quarters had psychiatric comorbidity, most commonly schizophrenia, but unlike controls, personality disorder and drug and alcohol disorders were uncommon. Lifetime sexually inappropriate behaviour and physical violence were less common, as was non-compliance with medication. However, 78 per cent had a lifetime history of physical violence and a third had a conviction for GBH or homicide. Offending behaviour was sometimes atypical in nature and some had convictions for unusual offences such as harassment and stalking. Research limitations/implications: The age difference between cases and controls is likely to have confounded the results. Findings cannot be generalised to the NHS. Originality/value: This group of ASD patients in low security differed in several important respects from their non-ASD counterparts, which highlights their differing treatment needs, strengths and weaknesses. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited. Source

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