The University of Newcastle

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The University of Newcastle

Callaghan, United States
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News Article | May 19, 2017

Despite places like Australia being bathed in sun, the cost of traditional silicon-based solar cells hasn't inspired people to buy, buy, buy. But what if you could make the technology cheaper and produce it at a higher scale? Some believe that printed solar is the way forward. SEE ALSO: Meet the company vying to take on Tesla in clean energy Leading the charge is Paul Dastoor from the University of Newcastle in Australia and his team of researchers, who are in the final stage of testing his printed solar solution. The University of Newcastle is one of only three sites in the world testing printed solar, which uses electronic inks to conduct electricity. These can be printed at "massive scale" by machines, meaning they could be used for speedy rollout across large areas. Handy, especially in times of disaster. "It's completely different from a traditional solar cell. They tend to be large, heavy, encased in glass — tens of millimetres thick," Dastoor explained. "We're printing them on plastic film that's less than 0.1 of a millimetre thick." Dastoor said the printed solar panels outperform solar photovoltaics panels in low light, and could prove to be more cost-efficient than fossil fuels. "One of the advantages of these materials is they generate more electricity at low light levels than conventional PVs [photovoltaics], so that means I don't really care where the roof is pointing, I just put it on there," he said. "And what we've shown through a series of economic models is that we can get these devices printing such that they're readily comparable with PV devices. In fact, we expect in a short period of time the energy we generate will be cheaper than that generated via coal-based fire stations." Dastoor hopes the tiles will eventually be printed at less than A$10 (US$7.42) per square metre, considerably less than Tesla's PV Solar Roof at A$315 (US$235). But before you rush out with your money in hand, the tiles' performance and durability is still being tested. "We've put in the first 100 square metres of printed solar cells up on roofs, and now we're testing that durability in real weather conditions," he said. These printed solar panels are primarily made out of "extraordinarily robust" PET, the same material used for Coke bottles. Importantly, they're recyclable. "All you do is melt it up and reform it," he said. The printed solar panels will be demonstrated in Melbourne next week at a printing convention called Pacprint, the first public display of the technology, then Dastoor will work with a number of industrial partners to make it reality. Soon enough, you'll have a cheaper choice when it comes to putting solar panels on your roof.  WATCH: This bioprinter is able to create almost anything in a giant tub of goo

News Article | May 26, 2017

Midwifery students now have to deliver babies as part of exams at Australia's University of Newcastle -- but they will do it in virtual reality. The Australia's University of Newcastle has begun a VR project that simulates a real-world delivery room. The program, which runs on PC, iOS and Android, puts midwifery students under the pressure of a "life-or-death situation" in the "safe, repeatable environment of VR," said co-project leader and lecturer, Jessica Williams, in a statement. The program is designed to ease the transition from an educational setting to a real-world emergency room for new graduates and boost their confidence at work, which is important because "15 percent of births in Australia and New Zealand [require] some form of resuscitation." In an email to CNET, Williams expressed optimism about the project. "We have demonstrated our app to our clinical partners and neonatologists, who see great value in using VR in teaching and learning when it comes to medical emergency situations," she said. Incorporating VR into midwifery training could prove useful in improving maternal and infant mortality rates and other consequences caused by medical error. According to a May 2016 letter from John Hopkins Medicine to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the number of maternal deaths due to medical error stands at 251,545. The University of Newcastle is not the only institution to use new tech in clinical training. At CommunicAsia this week, Singapore's Infocomm Media Development Authority (IMDA) announced a collaboration with Tan Tock Seng Hospital and visual effects company SideFX Studios to simulate scenarios in VR for training courses on medical procedures. How much VR could help in healthcare training overall remains to be seen, however. IMDA's project will see VR being used to complement traditional methods of clinical training, because current technology is unable to "fully replicate a number of different qualities" including tactile responses and other unpredictable conditions. Solving for XX: The industry seeks to overcome outdated ideas about "women in tech." Life, disrupted: In Europe, millions of refugees are still searching for a safe place to settle. Tech should be part of the solution. But is it?

Pimm R.,Central Queensland University | Vandelanotte C.,Central Queensland University | Rhodes R.E.,University of Victoria | Short C.,Central Queensland University | And 2 more authors.
Behavioral Medicine | Year: 2015

Physical activity is partly regulated by automatic processes such as habits (ie, well-learned responses to cues), but it remains unclear what cues trigger these processes. This study examined the relations of physical activity automaticity and behavior with the consistency of people, activity, routine, location, time, and mood cues present upon initiation of physical activity behavior. Australian adults (N = 1,244, 627 female, M age = 55 years) reported their physical activity automaticity, behavior, and the degree of consistency of these cues each time they start a physical activity behavior. Multiple regression models, which accounted for gender and age, revealed that more consistent routine and mood cues were linked to more physical activity automaticity; whereas more consistent time and people cues were linked to more physical activity behavior. Interventions may more effectively translate into long-lasting physical activity habits if they draw people's attention to the salient cues of time, people, routine, and mood. 2015 Copyright © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC

PubMed | Central Queensland University, University of Victoria and The University of Newcastle
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Behavioral medicine (Washington, D.C.) | Year: 2016

Physical activity is partly regulated by automatic processes such as habits (ie, well-learned responses to cues), but it remains unclear what cues trigger these processes. This study examined the relations of physical activity automaticity and behavior with the consistency of people, activity, routine, location, time, and mood cues present upon initiation of physical activity behavior. Australian adults (N = 1,244, 627 female, M age = 55years) reported their physical activity automaticity, behavior, and the degree of consistency of these cues each time they start a physical activity behavior. Multiple regression models, which accounted for gender and age, revealed that more consistent routine and mood cues were linked to more physical activity automaticity; whereas more consistent time and people cues were linked to more physical activity behavior. Interventions may more effectively translate into long-lasting physical activity habits if they draw peoples attention to the salient cues of time, people, routine, and mood.

SINGAPORE--(Marketwired - Nov 23, 2016) - Over 370 students from PSB Academy will graduate this Saturday with degrees awarded by one of Australia's leading modern universities, The University of Newcastle, Australia (UON) in programmes ranging from Business, Commerce, Communication and Engineering, to degree courses in IT, Environmental and Occupational Health and Safety as well as the university's premier Master of Business Administration (MBA). "For over 10 years in Singapore, the University of Newcastle, Australia -- through its partnership with PSB Academy -- has developed professional leaders of the future who will make a positive impact here in Singapore and in the global community. We are delighted to celebrate the success of our graduates this year and I am confident that, like the distinguished alumni who precede them, they will be characterised by the spirit of enterprise, excellence and resilience to meet the challenges of the future," says Professor Caroline McMillen, Vice Chancellor and President, The University of Newcastle, Australia. Amongst UON's prominent graduates are some of Singapore's leading figures and captains of industry. They include Singapore's Coordinating Minister for Infrastructure and Minister for Transport Dr Khaw Boon Wan as well as Dr Tan Chin Nam, whose distinguished career includes holding top leadership positions in the National Computer Board, Economic Development Board, Singapore Tourism Board, the Ministry of Manpower, the Ministry of Information, Communications and the Arts, Chairman National Library Board, and Chairman Media Development Authority, amongst other appointments. In a 2016 report by the World Economic Forum, Singapore leads many countries in the prospects of thriving the digital economy. 25 year-old digital entrepreneur, Ms. Shahnaz Nazimuddeen who topped her full-time MBA cohort in Singapore, feels confident that her newfound knowledge in business strategy from UON will help her online home décor business take off. "The MBA programme has definitely built my confidence in dealing with multiple stakeholders. Through an in-depth understanding of cross-cultural management, I am now able to liaise with vendors and suppliers from different countries better. Furthermore, knowing how to do a thorough company and competitor analysis was valuable in helping me determine the competitive advantages of my business, the weaknesses to address and the opportunities to pursue," says Shahnaz. At 24, Evan Isaac Woon Cheng Chian will graduate with a Communication (Major in Public Relations and Journalism) degree. Aside from being the first among four siblings to graduate with a degree, Evan will also be amongst over 30 students from across the disciplines who will graduate with distinction this year. Prepared with skillsets that he has acquired in UON programme, Evan is already excited about doing well in his first full-time job as a copywriter and designer for a design company specialising in developing mobile-based digital platforms. "I've always wanted to be a journalist from a young age, and while I am only three weeks into my new job, I'm glad that my career ambitions are gradually coming to light. My degree course has definitely been relevant in offering me the tools I require for the trade, and it has allowed me tap into and hone my creative talent to do well in my job," says Evan. Another student who will graduate with distinction is Mr Cheng Zhi Jie. The 32-year old, who holds a safety officer certification, had decided to take up a part-time UON degree in environmental and occupational health and safety. "As a working father, I had to go beyond my own limits many times, but through all that, I have benefitted from the challenges presented. Having good classmates who support you throughout really helped," says Zhi Jie, who had found employment in a surveillance systems company ahead of his graduation. "This year marks a 10-year milestone for our partnership with the University of Newcastle, Australia in Singapore, and we remain committed to championing a world-ready brand of education in our quest to nurture industry-ready graduates for Singapore's Smart Nation and beyond. Students who were dedicated to doing well in their degree programme can also feel confident of their future prospects because they will graduate from one of the world's best and modern institutions of higher learning whose programmes are constantly being tuned to the needs of global developments and the future," says Eur. Ing Joao Ponciano, Dean and Vice President, PSB Academy. Students holding relevant diplomas from private institutions and local polytechnics are welcome to apply for the January 2017 intake of The University of Newcastle Australia's degrees in Business, Commerce, Environmental, and Occupational Health and Safety at PSB Academy. Image Graduates from The University of Newcastle class of 2016 ready to shape Singapore's future economy: (From left) Copywriter at a digital mobile platforms firm Evan Isaac Woon Cheng Chian, online entrepreneur Shahnaz Nazimuddeen, and systems surveillance engineer Cheng Zhi Jie, are among the top scorers from each of their graduating cohorts in Communication, MBA, and Environmental and Occupational Health and Safety respectively. Productivity is at the heart of PSB Academy. Once known as the Productivity and Standards Board, PSB Academy is known today as "The Future Academy", with signature programmes that focus on what really matters: performance in the real-world. The Academy hosts over 11,000 local and international students in its slate of industry-ready certificate, diploma, degree and postgraduate programmes every year. PSB Academy voluntarily commissions reputable external research firms to conduct graduate employment surveys as one of several key measures of graduate outcomes. Last year, idstats research consultancy found that around nine in 10 local/ international students found perm/temp employment within six months of graduation, six in 10 benefitted from pay raises and/or career progression, and that graduates took 2.1 months on average to find employment. PSB Academy is situated at two campuses in Singapore: PSB Academy Delta campus near Tiong Bahru, and PSB Academy City campus at Marina Square. Learn more at:

PubMed | University of Sydney, Calvary Materials Newcastle Hospital and The University of Newcastle
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Medical physics | Year: 2016

To investigate whether the breathing-guidance system: audiovisual (AV) biofeedback improves tumor motion consistency for lung cancer patients. This will minimize respiratory-induced tumor motion variations across cancer imaging and radiotherapy procedues. This is the first study to investigate the impact of respiratory guidance on tumor motion.Tumor motion consistency was investigated with five lung cancer patients (age: 55 to 64), who underwent a training session to get familiarized with AV biofeedback, followed by two MRI sessions across different dates (pre and mid treatment). During the training session in a CT room, two patient specific breathing patterns were obtained before (Breathing-Pattern-1) and after (Breathing-Pattern-2) training with AV biofeedback. In each MRI session, four MRI scans were performed to obtain 2D coronal and sagittal image datasets in free breathing (FB), and with AV biofeedback utilizing Breathing-Pattern-2. Image pixel values of 2D images after the normalization of 2D images per dataset and Gaussian filter per image were used to extract tumor motion using image pixel values. The tumor motion consistency of the superior-inferior (SI) direction was evaluated in terms of an average tumor motion range and period.Audiovisual biofeedback improved tumor motion consistency by 60% (p value = 0.019) from 1.00.6 mm (FB) to 0.40.4 mm (AV) in SI motion range, and by 86% (p value < 0.001) from 0.70.6 s (FB) to 0.10.2 s (AV) in period.This study demonstrated that audiovisual biofeedback improves both breathing pattern and tumor motion consistency for lung cancer patients. These results suggest that AV biofeedback has the potential for facilitating reproducible tumor motion towards achieving more accurate medical imaging and radiation therapy procedures.

Worrall L.,University of Queensland | Sherratt S.,University of Queensland | Sherratt S.,University of Newcastle | Rogers P.,University of Queensland | And 7 more authors.
Aphasiology | Year: 2011

Background: The goals of people with aphasia should guide service delivery. Services are increasingly influenced by the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) (WHO, 2001), but little is yet known about whether the goals of people with aphasia span the full spectrum of the ICF. Aims: The purpose of this study was to describe the goals of people with aphasia and to code the goals according to the ICF. Methods & Procedures: A qualitative descriptive research approach was used involving semi-structured in-depth interviews with 50 participants with aphasia post-stroke. Interviews were videotaped and transcribed verbatim and then analysed using qualitative content analysis. The goals of a 30% consecutive subsample were then coded using the ICF. Outcomes & Results: Nine broad categories of goals were identified. Participants with aphasia wanted to return to their pre-stroke life and to communicate not only their basic needs but also their opinions. They also wanted information about aphasia, stroke, and available services; more speech therapy; greater autonomy; and dignity and respect. They identified the importance of engagement in social, leisure, and work activities as well as regaining their physical health. Interestingly, their goals included wanting to help others. Goals could be linked to all ICF components within the ICF, with the majority linked to Activities and Participation, followed by Environmental Factors, Body Functions and Structures, and Personal Factors. Conclusions: People with aphasia in this study were able to articulate a wide range of goals post-stroke that encompassed all of the ICF components but had a particular focus on the Activity and Participation components. © 2010 Psychology Press.

Paterson B.J.,The University of Newcastle
New South Wales public health bulletin | Year: 2011

Human encephalitis in Australia causes substantial mortality and morbidity, with frequent severe neurological sequelae and long-term cognitive impairment. This review discusses a number of highly pathogenic zoonotic viruses which have recently emerged in Australia, including Hendra virus and Australian bat lyssavirus which present with an encephalitic syndrome in humans. Encephalitis surveillance currently focuses on animals at sentinel sites and animal disease or definitive diagnosis of notifiable conditions that may present with encephalitis. This is inadequate for detecting newly emerged viral encephalatides. Hospital-based sentinel surveillance may aid in identifying increases in known pathogens or emergence of new pathogens that require a prompt public health response.

PubMed | Pennsylvania State University and The University of Newcastle
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Neuropsychology | Year: 2016

Performance monitoring deficits have been proposed as a cognitive marker involved in the development of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), but it is unclear whether these deficits cause impairment when established action sequences conflict with environmental demands. The current study applies a novel data-analytic technique to a well-established sequence learning paradigm to investigate reactions to disruption of learned behavior in ADHD.Children (ages 8-12) with and without ADHD completed a serial reaction time task in which they implicitly learned an 8-item sequence of keypresses over 5 training blocks. The training sequence was replaced with a novel sequence in a transfer block, and returned in 2 subsequent recovery blocks. Response time (RT) data were fit by a Bayesian hierarchical version of the linear ballistic accumulator model, which permitted the dissociation of learning processes from performance monitoring effects on RT.Sequence-specific learning on the task was reflected in the systematic reduction of the amount of evidence required to initiate a response, and was unimpaired in ADHD. When the novel sequence onset, typically developing children displayed a shift in their attentional state while children with ADHD did not, leading to worse subsequent performance compared to controls.Children with ADHD are not impaired in learning novel action sequences, but display difficulty monitoring their implementation and engaging top-down control when they become inadequate. These results support theories of ADHD that highlight the interactions between monitoring processes and changing cognitive demands as the cause of self-regulation and information-processing problems in the disorder. (PsycINFO Database Record

PubMed | The Childrens Hospital at Westmead and The University of Newcastle
Type: | Journal: Journal of clinical child and adolescent psychology : the official journal for the Society of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, American Psychological Association, Division 53 | Year: 2016

Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) has a growing empirical base in the treatment of anxiety among adults and children with other concerns. This study reports on the main outcomes of a randomized controlled trial of ACT and traditional cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) in children with a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed.) anxiety disorder. Participants were 193 children from urban Sydney, Australia, who were block-randomized to a 10-week group-based program of ACT or CBT or a 10-week waitlist control (WLC). Completers included 157 children (ACT=54, CBT=57, WLC=46; M=11years, SD=2.76; 78% Caucasian, 58% female). Pretreatment, posttreatment, and 3months posttreatment assessments included clinician/self/parent-reported measures of anxiety, quality of life (QOL; anxiety interference, psychosocial and physical health-related QOL), and acceptance/defusion outcomes. Completer and intention-to-treat analyses revealed that ACT and CBT were both superior to WLC across outcomes, reflecting statistically and clinically significant differences, with gains maintained at 3months posttreatment. Both completer and intention-to-treat analyses found ACT and CBT to produce similar outcomes. There was some support for ACT having greater effect sizes for QOL outcomes but not for avoidance/fusion. Although this study does not suggest that ACT is equivalent to CBT or should be adopted in its place, it does provide evidence that ACT might be another empirically supported treatment option for anxious youth. Further research is needed to replicate these findings.

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