New Haven, CT, United States
New Haven, CT, United States

The University of New Haven is a private, nonsectarian, coeducational university located in West Haven, Connecticut, which borders the larger city of New Haven and Long Island Sound. U.S. News & World Report has named the University the 100th best university in the northeastern United States as well as in the top tier of engineering programs nationwide in its annual "America's Best Colleges" rankings. Between its main campus in West Haven and its graduate school campus in Orange, Connecticut, the University is situated on approximately 122 acres of land. Combining a liberal arts education with professional training, the University comprises five degree-granting colleges: the College of Arts and science, the College of Business, the Tagliatela College of Engineering, the Henry C. Lee College of Criminal Justice and Forensic science, and the College of Lifelong & eLearning for adult and online students.From 2006-2011, the University’s undergraduate and graduate student enrollment increased by 28% and as of fall 2011 totaled over 6,000 students.The University is a member of the Northeast-10 Conference and its mascot is the Charger, a medieval war horse. In 2008-2009, new student applications increased 100 percent. New facilities include the David A. Beckerman Recreation Center, Soundview residence hall and the Henry C. Lee Institute of Forensic Science.Situated on about 75 acres overlooking the Connecticut shoreline the main campus is 90 minutes by train to New York City and 2 ½ hours from Boston. Six satellite campuses are located in New London, CT , Waterbury, CT, Shelton, CT, Newington, CT, Albuquerque, NM, and Prato, Italy. Wikipedia.

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Balodis I.M.,University of New Haven | Potenza M.N.,University of New Haven | Potenza M.N.,Yale University
Biological Psychiatry | Year: 2015

Advances in brain imaging techniques have allowed neurobiological research to temporally analyze signals coding for the anticipation of reward. In addicted populations, both hyporesponsiveness and hyperresponsiveness of brain regions (e.g., ventral striatum) implicated in drug effects and reward system processing have been reported during anticipation of generalized reward. We discuss the current state of knowledge of reward processing in addictive disorders from a widely used and validated task: the monetary incentive delay task. Only studies applying the monetary incentive delay task in addicted and at-risk adult populations are reviewed, with a focus on anticipatory processing and striatal regions activated during task performance as well as the relationship of these regions with individual difference (e.g., impulsivity) and treatment outcome variables. We further review drug influences in challenge studies as a means to examine acute influences on reward processing in abstinent, recreationally using, and addicted populations. Generalized reward processing in addicted and at-risk populations is often characterized by divergent anticipatory signaling in the ventral striatum. Although methodologic and task variations may underlie some discrepant findings, anticipatory signaling in the ventral striatum may also be influenced by smoking status, drug metabolites, and treatment status in addicted populations. Divergent results across abstinent, recreationally using, and addicted populations demonstrate complexities in interpreting findings. Future studies would benefit from focusing on characterizing how impulsivity and other addiction-related features relate to anticipatory striatal signaling over time. Additionally, identifying how anticipatory signals recover or adjust after protracted abstinence will be important in understanding recovery processes. © 2015 Society of Biological Psychiatry.

Li Q.,University of New Haven
Expert Systems with Applications | Year: 2013

The Likert method is commonly used as a standard psychometric scale to measure responses. This measurement scale has a procedure that facilitates survey construction and administration, and data coding and analysis. However, there are some drawbacks in the Likert scaling. This paper addresses the information distortion and information lost arising from the closed-form scaling and the ordinal nature of this measurement method. To overcome these problems, a novel fuzzy Likert scale developed based on the fuzzy sets theory has been proposed. The major contribution of the fuzzy Likert approach is that it permits partial agreement of a scale point. By incorporating this capability into the measurement process, the new scale can capture the lost information and regulate the distorted information. A quantitative analysis based on the concept Consensus has proven that the new scale can provide a more accurate measurement. The implementation feasibility and the improved measurement performance of the fuzzy Likert scale have been demonstrated via a simulation study on a low birth weight analysis. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

MacDonald A.B.,University of New Haven
European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases | Year: 2013

This manuscript offers an image presentation of diverse forms of Borrelia burgdorferi spirochetes which are not spiral or corkscrew shaped. Explanations are offered to justify the legitimacy of tissue forms of Borrelia which may confuse the inexperienced microscopic examiner and which may lead to the misdiagnosis of non-spiral forms as artifacts. Images from the author's personal collection of Borrelia burgdorferi images and a few select images of Borrelia burgdorferi from the peer-reviewed published literature are presented. A commentary justifying each of the image profiles and a survey of the imaging modalities utilized provides the reader with a frame of reference. Regularly spiraled Borrelia are rarely seen in solid tissues. A variety of straightened, undulating, and clipped-off profiles are demonstrated, and the structural basis for each image is explained. Tissue examination is a diagnostic tool and a quality control for judging the eradication or the persistence of borreliosis following attempts to eradicate the infection with antibiotic therapy. The presence or absence of chronic Lyme borreliosis may be objectively adjudicated by tissue examinations which demonstrate or which fail to show pathogenic microbes in patients who have received a full course of antibiotics. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Poplawski N.,University of New Haven
Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology | Year: 2014

By applying Schwinger's variational principle to the Einstein-Cartan action for the gravitational field, we derive quantum commutation relations between the metric and torsion tensors. © 2014 American Physical Society.

Agency: NSF | Branch: Standard Grant | Program: | Phase: | Award Amount: 197.38K | Year: 2015

The University of New Haven (UNH) will purchase a multipurpose X-Ray diffractometer (XRD) system capable of identifying the crystalline phase of solid materials, determining the thickness of thin films and measuring particle sizes. The instrument will be used by faculty and students in several academic programs at UNH including Chemistry, Electrical Engineering, Environmental Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Forensic Science and Environmental Science, with a focus on undergraduate and graduate student research training. Faculty and student researchers will investigate topics such as chemical sensing, catalysis, green chemistry, environmental remediation and biomedical research. The acquisition of a modern XRD system at the University of New Haven will have significant impact on the greater University community. Activities that include the XRD will be developed for UNH programs with the Engineering and Science University Magnet School (ESUMS) a grade 6-12 school with a diverse population drawn from the greater New Haven area. Availability of the XRD system on campus will enable faculty at UNH to build partnerships and strengthen existing collaborations with faculty at nearby institutions such as the Yale British Art Gallery and the New Haven Mineral Club. UNH is primarily an undergraduate institution and the instrument will also be available to the faculty for use in laboratory courses.

Acquisition of a multipurpose XRD system, with capabilities for small angle x-ray scattering (SAXS) and X-Ray Reflectivity measurements will have a significant effect on the scholarly activity of the faculty and students at the University of New Haven. The XRD will be able to analyze samples in the standard Bragg Brentano geometry used for powder XRD measurements as well as in a parallel beam mode, which will enable the X-ray reflectivity measurements necessary for the study of thin films. In addition, the instrument will be equipped with a SAXS accessory for the study of small particles, whether in solid or solution form. The proposed research projects cover a wide range of scientific and engineering disciplines. These projects include: 1) Investigation of electrospun and mesoporous oxides for application in separations, chemical sensing and catalysis (Chemistry), 2) Characterization of nanomaterials, such as CVD-graphene and tunable thermal interface materials (Electrical Engineering), 3) Particle size measurements of polymer nanobeads used in drug delivery (Chemistry), 4) Crystal structure determination of green catalysts (Chemistry), 5) Determination of the mechanism of atrazine dechlorination in water through the structure and speciation of the surface bimetal catalysts (Environmental Engineering), 6) Identification of changes in mineral compositions of soil that result from the in situ chemical oxidation process used to treat organic contamination (Environmental Engineering, 7) Study of the protein fouling of medical devices 8) Building a diffraction pattern library of automotive paint chip samples (Forensic Science), and 9) Collection of powder diffraction measurements of mineral samples, with the intent to cross-reference with Raman spectroscopic measurements (Environmental Science). Undergraduate and graduate students, through their participation in one of these research projects, will receive a unique, specialized research training on advanced instrumentation not normally available at similarly sized institutions.

Agency: NSF | Branch: Continuing grant | Program: | Phase: S-STEM:SCHLR SCI TECH ENG&MATH | Award Amount: 598.00K | Year: 2012

This project is to fund a scholarship program for engineering students at the University of New Haven. The goal is to improve retention, particularly in the sophomore and junior years, for engineering students who show academic potential but are at risk of not completing their studies due to financial concerns and/or life-work-study balance issues. This will be accomplished by: providing scholarships for sophomore and junior level matriculated students based on both financial need and merit; recruiting and providing scholarships to community college transfer students; providing support services including peer tutors, conferences, lectures, presentations, and career planning workshops; and increasing student engagement in college- and university-wide activities that contribute to persistence. These activities will also contribute to the longer-term goal of improved four or five-year graduation rates.

The broader impact of the project includes: increasing diversity by recruiting community college transfer students; improving STEM exposure to middle and high school audiences through the scholarship programs service learning activities; strengthening collaborations with industry for internships and career planning; and developing student support services that ultimately benefit the broader student body as well as the scholarship recipients. The results of the program will be disseminated to enable other researchers and institutions to consider programming options that may be useful to them.

Agency: NSF | Branch: Standard Grant | Program: | Phase: FED CYBER SERV: SCHLAR FOR SER | Award Amount: 49.99K | Year: 2016

The project proposes hosting a national workshop on redefining the domain of cyber forensics. Cyber forensics has encountered major obstacles over the last decade and is at a crossroads. Traditional computer forensics, although still valid, does not fully map to emerging sub-areas such as memory forensics, cloud forensics, social media forensics, network forensics and mobile forensics, since data in many instances may not be acquired without some form of modification. There is also an increase in the volume, velocity and variety of data and storage necessitating the need for more efficient analysis methods while still preserving the authenticity and privacy of the collected digital evidence.

Device security and encryption has also improved and now, cyber forensics scientists and practitioners have to venture into ethical hacking to gain access to potential digital evidence as exhibited in the high profile Apple-FBI case. All these challenges have impacts on education and training, policy, law, the domains ontology, and society as a whole. In parallel, there have been related extensive research areas emerging in social network analysis, psychology, data science, reverse engineering, and privacy without much interaction with cyber forensics. The proposed workshop with a blue-ribbon panel will stimulate the needed intellectual exchange of ideas and discussions on the future of the domain. It will help redefine the agenda for the future of cyber forensics, and will disseminate a progressive national report, setting the agenda for the field.

Agency: NSF | Branch: Standard Grant | Program: | Phase: ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY | Award Amount: 63.69K | Year: 2016

Nanoparticulate atmospheric soot particles are complex in their shape, size and chemical composition. They can be variably observed as fractal aggregates composed of elemental carbon (EC- in graphitic or graphene structures), or organic carbon compounds (OC - hydrocarbons with oxidized or other attached heteroatom moieties). Other aerosol materials potentially embed or enmesh, in either internal or external mixing states, such soot particles as they age in the ambient atmosphere. Our limited knowledge of relationships between soot mixing state, soot morphology, and soot optical properties, remains a major source of uncertainty in evaluating the optical and radiative contribution of carbonaceous aerosols to direct radiative) climate forcing. Researchers will undertake a series of combined laboratory and computational studies to better characterize the formation of soot particles with different mixing states, and to investigate associated structural and optical properties in relation to the particle initial state and aerosol aging.

Mixing states and morphology of soot aggregates will be determined from a combination of mass-mobility measurements and environmental scanning electron microscopy imaging. Optical calculations constrained by the experimentally measured mixing states and morphologies will provide a closure with directly determined light absorption and scattering by this range of carbonaceous soot.

One broader impact of this work will be the promotion of collaboration between faculty at a PhD-granting and a primarily undergraduate teaching university.

Agency: NSF | Branch: Standard Grant | Program: | Phase: ENGINEERING EDUCATION | Award Amount: 292.14K | Year: 2014

This project aims to create new pathways for non-traditional engineering students by examining the role of prior work experiences, identity, and expertise. By applying the theoretical framework of multiple identities, this work collects and analyzes qualitative and quantitative data from traditional and non-traditional engineering undergraduate students at three diverse institutes of higher education: a large public university (U. C. Berkeley), a small private university (University of New Haven), and a community college (Cañada College). The primary research question being addressed is: How does prior engineering-related work experience impact engineering student identity and approach to engineering study? This is investigated through a systematic mixed-methods approach combining semi-structured interviews, think-aloud protocols, surveys, and the collection of persistence data.

The study provides critical insights to enable engineering educators to be more effective in their educational efforts, and makes substantial contributions to our understanding of engineering identities and understanding of students abilities and thinking processes. By filling gaps in current understanding of the identities, level of expertise, and experiences of these students, the study aims to improve persistence outcomes for engineering students and increase the number of qualified engineering graduates. The results help build and diversify STEM education by reaching out to and increasing the retention of older students which include females and underrepresented minorities. The partnership between the small private university, the large state institution, and the community college maximize opportunities for widespread integration and dissemination of findings, and strengthen pathways for non-traditional students. This work supports efforts to expose all engineering students to obtain work experience/internships and help encourage the current workforce to pursue a degree. The PIs plan to offer several regional workshops and webinars to broadly disseminate the findings and make the data collected easily available to academic advisors, especially at community colleges or those working with transfer students; veterans affairs groups, college admissions, enrollment management, and recruiting officers; engineering faculty and administration; and engineering student leaders.

News Article | February 20, 2017

In the fall of 2015, the University of New Haven (UNH) in Connecticut had three asphalt tennis courts that had fallen into disrepair, rendering them unplayable. In preparation for the spring tennis season, the school recruited the Classic Turf Company, LLC. to design a new tennis facility for its students. After surveying the area, the team at Classic Turf developed a plan to build a six-court facility to replace the existing three courts. Rather than building the new courts with conventional clay or asphalt, Classic Turf wanted to use a more modern, especially durable material that would last for decades rather than just a few years. To achieve this goal, the company opted to use post-tension concrete—a state-of-the-art type of concrete that is reinforced with steel cables to make it more robust and resistant to environmental damage. “The goal was to build a facility for the university that would last for decades to come,” said Classic Turf’s Vice President John Eren. Classic Turf started the renovation by removing the existing three courts, and re-grading the land to accommodate the new courts. Then, a second upper area was also graded to make room for three more courts. After paving the six courts with post-tension concrete, Classic Turf applied its patented Cushioned Sports Surface to make the courts waterproof, safe and comfortable for tennis players. Finally, new custom seamless fencing and lighting was installed around the perimeter of the entire facility. The first match at the new tennis facility was held on April 16, 2016. Since then, the facility has become the permanent home of the New Haven Chargers tennis team, as well as a welcome new addition to the campus for amateur tennis enthusiasts. To learn more about post-tension concrete or any of the other products and services Classic Turf offers, you can contact the company online today.

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